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Full text of "Dictionary and Grammar of the Chamorro Language of the Island of Guam"

DICTIONARY AND GRAMMAR 



OF THE 



CHAMORRO LANGUAGE 

OF 

THE ISLAND OF GUAM 




WAiSHlNGTON 
GOVERNMENT PBINTING OFVJCE 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Paga 

Prefatory correspondence - • ^ 

Introduction , ^ 

Bibliography • ^ 

Pionunciation ... * * 

Accentuation • ^ 

Concise grammatical outline of the Ohamorro language ^ 

AbbreviationB • • ^^ 

Dictionary of the Ghamorro language: 

Pwt I. Engliah-Ohamorro dictionary • ^3 

Partll. Chamorro-English dictionary 12& 

(in) 



PREFATORY CORRESPONDENCE 



United States Naval Station, Guam, 
Office of the Supply Officer and Pay Officer of the Station, 

November 14, 1916. 
From: Chief Pay Clerk E. R. von Preissig, United States Navy, 
To: The Secretary of the Navy (Bureau of Naval Intelligence), via The Department 

of Education and The Governor of Guam. 
Subject: Forwards MS. of Chamorro Dictionary. 

(1) Having completed the preparation of a Dictionary of the Chamorro Language^ 
I forward herewith the manuscript, and request that this work be approved and printed 
as a Navy Department publication, for the use of the department of education and 
other branches of the Government of Guam, and for sale to the general public. 

Edward R. von PREiasiG. 



[First Indorsement.] 

Naval Government of Guam, Department of Education, 

November 1$, 1916. 
From: Head of department. 
To: Governor of Guam. 

. (1) Forwarded, recommending approval. 

(2) It is believed that this dictionary would be of great value to the department of 
education of the island. 

M. G. Cook. 



[Second indorsement.] 

Naval Government of Guam, Government House, 

GftaTfi, November 18^ 1916. 
From: Governor of Guam. 

To: The Secretary of the Navy, via OflBce of Naval Intelligence. 
Subject: Forwarding MS. of Chamorro Dictionary and recommending printing. 

(1) Forwarded, approved. 

(2) This is a highly creditable piece of work^ which has been accomplished at the 
cost of much labor. Nothing exists on the same scale. It is bound to be of great value 
to all the inhabitants of Guam. 

(3) Mr. Von Preissig expects no rewards or compensation of any sort. He has pur- 
sued this labor as a matter of personal interest and offers his work freely to the Govern- 
ment. 

(4) I recommend that the dictionary be accepted and a letter of thanks be sent to 
Mr. von Preissig; and that the work be printed and issued, as requested. 

(5) I also recommend that this corr^pondence, together with the department's final 
action, be printed with the work, to serve as a preface. 

Roy C. Smith. 

(V) 



VI 



Navy Department, Washington, April 6, 1917 
My dear Mr. von Preissig: The department has received through the commandant 
of the naval station at Guam the manuecript of your Grammar and Dictionary of ihe 
Chamorro Language. The energy and zeal displayed by you ^.t^^^^^^P^^^/, ^ 
^ork of Buch magnitude is fully appreciated, as is also your generoue offer to place the 
results of your labor at the disposal of the department without remuneration^ 

While the department recognizes the great benefit that would accrue to the depart- 
ment of education and the inhabiUnts of the Island of Guam through then- po^on 
of a textbook of this character, there are not at this time funds available for tta pubU- 

'Tw placed this matter in the hands of the Director of Naval InteUigence who 
will safeguard your manuscript and submit requisition for the publication of the work 
when funds for the purpose shall be available. 

Very respectfully, Josephus Daniels, Secretary of the Navy, 

Chief Pay Clerk Edward R. von Pueissig, U. S. Navy, 

Naval Hospital, Mare Island, Cof. 

[NoTB.-Chief Pay Clerk von Preissig was promoted to be assistant paymaster. 

United States Navy, July 1, 1917.] 



INTRODUCTION. 



By Edward R. von Preissig, Ph. D-, 
Author of Etymological Comparison of the Finn- Ugrian and Magyar Idioms; Short 
History of Austria-Hungary; Political Institutions of the Old World; etc. 



That the present work is the first lexicographic record in the English language of 
the Ghamorro idiom of the Marianas Islands, and especially of the island of Guam, is 
submitted as its principal *'raison d'etre," as well as the author's justification for 
undertaking a task rendered exceptionally difficult through the paucity of materials 
on which to base outlines, which diflSculties were further amplified by the character 
of the sources at his disposal. As stated in the bibliography following, only three 
dictionaries are available at the present time, of which the Japanese-Chamorro Dic- 
tionary contains about 60 very small pages, with a vocabulary comprising 30 pagee^ 
presenting the Ghamorro equivalents in phonetic spelling; the German-Chamorro 
Dictionary, With a vocabulary of 86 pages, also adheres to the phonetic spelling and 
only the Spanish-Chamorro Dictionary, published in Manila in 1865, maintains the 
spelling of the Ghamorro words in accordance with the representation used by the Cha- 
morros of the present day, a usage which has been trananitted to them through their 
mothers from generation to generation. The fact that there has been great need for 
a printed record of the Ghamorro language is brought into bold view by the evident 
losses sustained by the spoken language since the comparatively recent date of the 
publication of the last mentioned dictionary. These losses have forced themselves 
upon the author's knowledge during his preliminary investigations among the natives, 
when it was his ever-recurring experience to be compelled to abandon word after 
word contained in the work of the Spanish author, for the reason that they were no 
longer remembered by any of the living Chamorros, and although all these words 
represented, upon the most casual etymological investigation, the true genius of the 
old language, they have been lost to it forever, having ^parently die* with the last 
generation. 

Immediately upon having finished his outline plan for this work, the present 
lexicographer Was required to decide a question of the utmost importance, that of the 
spelling of the Chsonorro equivalents to be adopted by him. Mr. W. E. Safford, 
author of the scholarly Grammar of the Ghamorro Language of Guam, having given his 
permission for the use of his Work, the careful study of the same offered a great number 
of convincing arguments in favor of the phonetic spelling, and the work was com- 
menced in accordance with this decision. However, upon submitting the partial 
fruits of his labors to the scrutiny of a number of Ghamorro gentlemen, the author 
was suddenly confronted by the absolute necessity for the reversal of his con- 
clusions. Whatever may have been the detailed experiences, the consensus of 
opinion was adverse to the acceptance of any innovation, pride of race and language 
and reverence of ancestors and old-time traditions playing no email part in the final 
decision, reluctantly but unalterably tendered, offering no compromise on the ancient, 
illogical, impracticable, but nevertheless beloved, and therefca*e not to be changed, old- 
time Ghamorro method of spelling. And thus the author resigned himself to the task 
of rewriting all the work done, and presents it now in the finished form appearing 

(1) 



herein,- <U!«ptaWe, Mid. he hopes, useful to those for Whose especial benefit it WM 

Dlftnned and executed. .* ^ ^ * «;«*i «;«! 

BoJote concluding, the author wishes to express the hope that hn. P^^P* »^. 
that of the fadlSn of the work of the public «:book of Guam, 'l^'f^** P^^^ 
iiito the pupil.' hands of the means for the acquisition of a thorough »»de«&nd^ 
M the meaning of the English Words learned by then, in the cou»e of their Kihool 

^'ni.ZaurrXS^asteUasaple^ure.to.cknowledgeheretheje^^ 
by tS,t.S^namVd gentlemenTwho ««sted in v«ify«« «.« C^^ ^u^- 
SLt. in tTwSk. Thank, for this valuable help are *"?,*"«««». ^*^^Cj^ 
Ios« Cru2 Vicente Herrero, Pedro Martinez. Atanacio Peren, JosSRoberto, Jmm 
Sl^o and Zuciaco TaiUno, all oi AgaCa,^island of '^■'^V^XoU^t 
actoow edge, his indebtedness to Mr. J. Schnabel. superintendent of the jAook of 
Gu^ for many suggestiona in connection *ith this '"k-J" "rs. W. G. Johnston^ 

Srt 2 IZ schools, ro hie wife, Mrs. H-^""" ^f ^^^^^tTil^ 
Gusm Normal School f«culty, »^d t» Messrs. Atanacio Pere. and P^nOTCoTs^nofM 

«tatt^ce in the final revision. Th*, author also deores ^ «Jt»'i to f»»^J; 
wTsafioid for permission to u» his scholarly philologicl rtudy of the Gtammw of 
SeCi»^ S^. which ha. been of the greatest service « the preparat«.n Of 



thia -vtoik. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY. 



Diccionario Sspafiol-Chamorro, que dedica 4 las escuelaa de Marianas el P. Fr. 
Aniceto Ibaflcz del Carmen, cura pfirroco de Agafia; published in Manila, Imp. de 
Ramirez y Giraudier, in 1865. 

Chamorro-Warterbuch, enthaltend: I. Deutch-Chamorro; II. Chamorro-Deutach. 
Nebst einer Chamorro-Grammatik und eisoigen Sprachiibungen; von P. Callistus, 
0, Capuc, Mi3s. Apost. in Guam (Marianen); published in Hongkong, Typis Socie- 
taljs Miseionum ad Exterios, in 1910. 

Find Japones yau Chamoxro; Nin&juyufig y Tenderon, Nanyon-Boyeki-Kaiaha; 
D. Kikuchi; printed in Japan in 1915; booklet, size 4 by 6 inches, 64 pages. 

Oram&tica Chamoxro, que traducida literalmente de la que e&cribi6 D . Luis Matay 
Araujo, dedica i las escuelas de Marianas con el fin de que los ninos aprendan el. 
Castellano; el P. Fr. Aniceto Ibafiez del Carmen, cura pArroco de AgafLa, afio 1864; 
published in Manila, Imp. de Ramirez y Giraudier, in 1865. (This is a grammar of 
the Spanish language, written in Chamorro.) 

The Useful Plants of the Island of Oaazn, ynth an introductory account of the 
physical features and natural history of the island, of the character and history of its 
people, and of their agriculture, by William Edwin SafEord. Waahington, Govern- 
ment Printing Office, 1905. 

The CbjMnorro Lang^ag^e of Guaju, a grammar of the idiom spoken by the 
inhabitants of the Marianas, or Ladrones, Islands, by William Edwin Safford. Re- 
printed from the American Anthropologist, 1903-1905; published in Washington, D. C, 
by W. H. Lowdermilk & Co. 

(3) 



PRONUNCIATION. 



a without an accent in Chamorro is pronounced the same as the "a" in father; or in 
the Italian si parla Italiano. 

h almost the same as in English, but it ia not as hard, and there is a perceptible 
tendency toward "v." 

c represents the sound ox "k" before the vowels "a/'J'o," and "u"; in Chamorro, 
when it is desired to render the sound of "k" before **e" and "i," the diph- 
thong "qu" is used, instead of "c." 

ch pronounced the same as "ch" in chanty. 

d the same as in English, but softer. 

e as "a" in fate. 

f asin English. 

g is pronounced hard, as in gold, before the letters "a," "o," and "u"; the sound 
of "ge" as in the English get is indicated by the letters "gue," or the sound of 
"gi" as in the English gimp, by the letters **gui," the "u" in both cases being 
silent, except where accented (see paragraph on Accentuation); at the end of 
words the "g" is sounded hard, almost like a "k." 

h is always silent, and is of most infrequent use, especially at the banning of words; 
it occurs mainly in words derived from the Spanish. 

i pronounced like "ee" in meet; in final syllables, "e" and "i" arc almost inter- 
changeable, and the apparent confusion in spelling is sanctioned by accepted 
usage. 

J has the sound of the English "h," but is strongly aspirated. 

k is not used by the Chamorros; its sound in the English alphabet, as in hettle, ia 
represented by the letter "c" before the vowels "a," "o," and "u," and by the 
diphthong "qu" before the letters "e" and "i"^the advisability of the phonetic 
(and therefore more logical) representation of this sound was carefullf considered 
in carrying out the present work, in connection with various other letters of the 
Chamorro alphabet, principally " j," and "11," and the adherence to the ancient 
manner of spelling was decided upon only after most searching inquiry which 
plainly disclosed the advisability of this course; one-half, or more, of the present 
work was rewritten when the author became convinced that any change in that 
direction would render his efforts futile by proving this lexicographic work 
unacceptable to those for whose benefit it was planned. 

I is pronoimced as in English. 

II carries the sound of "j " in English, but with a strong nasal twang and a trace of a 

soft "d" suggested in its articulation; the letter "y" ia now generally used in 
the place of "11," conveying the same sound. 

m pronounced as in English. 

n as in English. 

ft as *'ni" in omon or bunion; the same as the Spanish "fi" in Nifla. 

fife. The pronunciation of this diphthong is somewhat difficult of description; in Cha- 
morro the letters "fij^," unless followed by a second "g," never convey the sound 
of "ng" in the English finger; when bearing the characteristic accent extending 
over both letters, the pronunciation strongly suggests a reversal of the two letters, 
the combined sound being that of a gutteral "g," begun in the throat, but not 

(4) 



finiBhed, and followed by a soft "fi" (much the same aa the "ii-" in the Spanish 

Nifki)y thus producing, first, an unfinished "g" and an "n," or the sound value 
resembling "gn.** 

o as in no. 

p the same as in English . 

qu used to represent the sound of "k" before the vowels "e" and *'i." 

r as in English. 

8 represents both the sound of the English "s" and of the "z," the latter not being 
used in the Chamorro alphabet; no rule can be given for the distinctive sound, 
which can be only ascertained from usage. 

t the same as in English. 

u has the sound of "oo" in root; in final syllables there exists the same interchange- 
ability between the letters "u" and "o" as has been described under the lette 
'4"; thus tdotao is often spelled tdutau, it being impossible to make a proper 
division on account of the sound of the last syllable, which carries a value half 
way between "o" and **u." 

y is pronounced nearly as the "j " in joke, but with a softer articulation. 

The letters x, k, v, w, and z are not used in Chamorro. 



ACCENTUATION. 



Accents have been used in the present work only where they are of essential value, 
or where their omission would cause a change in the meaning of the words involved. 
Accordingly, the following paragraphs comprise these essentials only. 

In words of two syllables the accent is usually on the first syllable, and this is the 
case even though the word be adopted from the Spanish, the latter language requiring 
the accent in such words to be placed on the last syllable. Thus the Chamorro 
cdjet, derived from the Spanidi cajil, or bd&ton, identical with the Spanish bast&n^ 
have the accent in the Chamorro equivalent on the first syllable, while the Spanish 
words carry the accent on the second syllable, as noted. 

In words of more than two syllables the accent is usually on the penult, as in the 
Spanish, and in the case of variation from this rule, an acute accent is placed on the 
syllable to be accented, Agaga (red) carries no accent, as the emphasis in this word 
is on the next to the last syllable; on the other hand, dpacA (white), also written 
Apacd, has the acute accent indicated over the first vowel, to indicate that the stress 
falls upon the first syllable, in exception to the rule above given. Through the 
addition of particles to root words the accent is often shifted, and in all such cases 
must be written in. For example, tdta (father) has the accent on the first syllable; 
tatdjo (my father) bears emphasis on the second, and taianmdme (our father) has the 
stress on the third syllable, indicated pi each case by an acute accent placed over 
the vowel contained in the respective syllable. The acute accent is also used when 
the syllable containing i, 6, t, 6, or d is to be accented, or when the stress falls on a 
syllable with & or ti, thus: mad^fiao, yin&cd. 

After certain words and particles there occurs a change in the vowels following. 
Thus in the case of the definite article, "y," besides the complete change in the two 
vowels following, as described on the first page of the "Grammatical outline," from 
"o" to *'e " and from "u" to "i," the prefixing of this definite article effects a change 
from the open sound of the vowel "a" to that of "a" in cat or at, and somewhat 
resembling the so-called "Umlaut" in the German language represented by "i." 
This change is indicated by the same accent in Chamorro, two dots being placed over 
the "a" when this vowel is preceded by the definite article, thus, "&." 

A peculiar pronunciation of the vowels "a," "e," "i," "o," and "u," in certain 
words, especially in such as may be formed by reduplication of syllables, is indicated 
in the Chamorro language by the accent ^. 

Whenever this accent occurs, the respective vowel, which generally in such words 
terminates the syllable, is pronounced without change in the equivalent indicated 
in the table of pronunciation; for instance, the "d" is pronounced as the *'o" in no, 
but while the articulation of the vowel is begun as usual, the accent effects an abrupt 
and sharp termination, such as might be indicated by the sudden elision of a consonant 
intended to follow the vowel. 

When two vowels follow each other, such as "ii," or "ee," the separate pronuncia- 
tion of each is indicated by an acute accent or by the accent ^. In the case of *ue^^ 
or "ui " when it becomes necessary to show the separate pronunciation of the u, 
which,' when following "g," is always silent before "e" and "i," unless accented, this 
is accomplished by placing over it two dots, as follows: "gtte," and "gfti.' 

(6) 



CONCISE GRAMMAR OF THE CHAMORRO LANGUAGE. 



THE ABTICLE. 

(a) indepinitb article. 

No indefinite article was used in the old Chamorro idiom. In the modern vernacu- 
lar the Spanish un, in invariable form, with both masculine and feminine nouns, 
takeB its place. 
Examples: 

unlaje (a man). 
un palfiuan (a woman). 
un patgon (a child). 
un r&ina (a queen). 

(b) definite article. 

y (from the Spanish; pronounced : e) is the definite article, and is invariable; it has 
the effect of changing certain letters in the nouns following. 
Examples: 

o is changed to e, chotda; y chetda (the banana), 
u is changed to i, ptigu&; y pfguft (the betel-nut). 
Note. — See fourth paragraph under "Accentuation" with reference to change in 
vowel "a." 

(c) the article before proper noxtns. 

Before titles and names of persona and animals: si; also ei tata (the faliier) and 
si nana (the mother). 

At the end of a sentence or subordinate clause, or when the proper noun is used in 
apposition: as. 
For example: 

y lajimo as Isaac (thy son Isaac). 

y mdjnalum as Joge (the wise Joseph; or, Joseph, the wise). 
Before places, rivers, natural objects, denoted by names of no known signification: 
iya; y ya. 
For example: 

iya catan; y ya catan (the nt>rth). 

d^iSgculo iya JagatiLa; d4f[^culo y ya Jagatfla (Agafia is large). 

THE NOUN. 

The grammatical gender is not known in the Chamorro language. The natural gen- 
der is designated by the prefixes laje (man) or p^&uan (woman), and the sex of 
mammals is sometimes indicated by tore (bull) or baca (cow). 
Examples: 

laje na manog (cock), 
pal&uan na manog (hen), 
tore na cbiba (he-goat), 
baca na chiba (she-goat). 

(7) 



NUMBER OP NOUNS. 

Nouns may be of singular, dual» or plural number. 

(a) Mutual or reciprocal relatioriBhip is represented by the dual number, formed i>y 
inserting the particle um before the first vowel of the primitive worA. 

Examples: 

ckMo; chSla (brother, or sister). 

chumSlo (two brothers). 

chumfila (two sisters). 

perienteB (kinsman). 

vpumarientes (the [two] kinsmen). «, ^ . i „ 

(6) The plural form is indicated by sija, generally as a suffix, but may also pre- 

cede it. 
Examples: 

guma (house). 

aiift na cruma (houses). . , . , 

Cert^ii nounsfoTm the plural by taking the prefix man, which m some cases changes 

the initial letter of the primitive word. 

Examples: , , \ 

ch to fi, ch61o; maftWo (brother; brothers), 
f to m, fafajan; mamafajan (buyer; buyers), 
c and qu to ng, auilisyano; ManguiUsyano (ChnsUans). 
p to m, pal6; mamalfi (pater; patres). 
8 to ft, aaque; mafiaque (thief; thieves), 
t to n, tMlaye; maa&ilaye (villain; villains). 

Exceptions: 

laje (man); lalaje (men). 

jaga (daughter); Jajaga (daughters). 

patgon (child); famagfton (children). 

pal&uan (woman); famal&uaii( women). 

laie (man)- Ujijo (my son); lajimo (thy son); lajifia (his. or her son). 

SiW; or lajite (our son); lajimniyo (your son); la jinfi^Ja (their son). 
A kind of plural is expressed by prefixing to proper nouns the particle ja. 

Example: ,.,-■, \ 

ai ja Pedro (Pedro and his friends). 

CASE, 

No special form is used to indicate case, and the connection of the words in 
a sentence must decide the same. 
Examples: 

X^l Pr^n^eitet^U («lve th« boo. to Ped«,). I-eUo (boo.) 

I, tt.ef Ztr^^t poasessed ends in a vowel, the genitive or pceeeesive 
may be indicated by adding an n. 

Examples: 

y lebloxx Joae (the book of Jose). 

» Marian quiquft (Mary, the wife of Francis). 

THE ADJECTIVE. 

There are but few words in Chamorro which may be considered true adjectives 
It nf them arl really other parts of speech formed into adjectives, participial 
". ."^ f 1 ^r bv Se addition of prefixes, suffixes, and infixes. In the present 
adjecuvee etc by ^^.^^^^^V''^^^^ i„ hi^ Grammar of the Chamorro Lan- 
work the claaeificaUon given by w. U-. banora m nis kji^ux 

guage ^as been adopted. 



9 



GRAMMATICAL DIVISION. 

(1) Qualifying adjectives,— (a) Simple adjectives; (6) adjectival prefix^; (c) adjec- 
tival Buffixca; (d) conjunctive particle; (e) predicate a^jectivee; (/) adjectiveei with 
definite article; (g) comparison of adjectives; {h) reduplication of syllables; (i) for- 
mation of the plttraL 

(2) Demonstrative adjectives.— (a) This; (6) that; (c) yon, yonder; (d) formation of 

adverbs from demonstratives. 

(3) Interrogative adjectives, 

44) Indefinite adjectives,— (a) Limiting adjective, ^aja; (6) indefinite adjectives 
from interrogatives; (c) negative adjectives; (d) adjectives of quantity or number; 
(«) adjectives of comparison; (/) indefinite adjectives adopted from the Spanish. 

(1) QXTALIFYING ADJECTIVES. 

(a) Simple adjectives. 
The following may be considered true adjectives: 



d&£^ulo (large). 
dfquiqul (little). 
locft (high). 
yoxaog (fat). 
gasgas (clean). 
fedft (wide). 
p&upau (fragrant); 
piopao. 



also written 



0'gB,g^ (red). 
&^pac& (white). 
&tulong (black). 
jomjom (dark). 
chagd (distant) 
tunas (straight). 
joml6 (healthy). 



(6) Adjectival prefixes. 



The syllable ma. Many adjectives expressing the quality, nature, or condition 
of an object begin with the syllable ma. 
Examples: 



m.ajetog (hard; solid). 
m&ftafili (soft). 
majafias (softened). 
majlos (smooth). 
mapot (difficult), 
maeat (heavy). 
masogsog (lean). 
manana (light, not dark) M. 
maju^^d (savory). 
maasen (salty). 
maasne (salted). 
The syllable ma prefixed to .verbs 
dition. 



Examples: 



TBSB. 



xn&ipe (hot). 
mane^Je^ (hot cold), 
xn&uleg (good). 
niAgof (glad). 
maasd (kind). 
mam&jlao (ashamed). 
majgo£g (quiet). 
xnala^o (sick) . 
mames (sweet). 
maagsom. (sour). 
m.alaet (bitter), 
forms a participial' adjective, indicating con- 



AMScrrvs. 



titeg (to tear). 
goflit (to love) 

(also goflid and magoflid). 
s&ulag (to whip), 
p&lae (to anoint). 
tuno (to burn). 
jafot (to bury). 



matiteg (torn). 
magoflil (loved). 

mas&uleg (whipped). 
map^ae (anointed). 
matuno (burnt). 
majafot (buried). 



10 I 



The prefix c& This prefix has the effect of modifying the succeeding vowels, 
as in the case of the definite article; it signifies covered with or spotted mth. 

Examples: 

f ach6 (mud) ; c&f ach6 (covered with mud) . > 

jaga (blood); cHjagft (stained with blood). . . ,. 

The prefix gH used before infinitives and nouns, expresses taste, habit, or inclina- 

tion. 
Examples: 

masnes (sweet); gamames (fond of sweets). 
tuba (toddy); gitiba (fond of toddy). 
salapd (money); gftsalapd (fond of money). 
machdchd (labor) ; gftmachdchft (industrious) . 
The prefix gus^ is used to form adjectives denoting propensity or tendency. 

Examples: 

bubo (to be angry); guftfibubo (easily angered). 

basnag (to fall); gusdbaanag (prone to fall). 
The prefix jk is similar in effect and use to gusd. 

lalald (to be become angry); jilalald (easily angered; irritable). 
sulon (to slide; to slip); jisulon (prone to sUde or to sUp). 
The prefix in, in some casee followed by the suffix an, denotes infested vnth, 
attached hy, or overrun with. 

Examples: ^ , .. , -.i. .. *\ 

otdot (ant); inetdot or inetdotan (infested or attacked by ants). 

sasata (wasp); sinasata (infested by wasps). 
The prefix mi denotes abounding in. 
Examples: 

linai (sand); mlunai (sandy). 

ach6 (stone); mJachd (full of stones; stony). 

slBiHa (power); mSsisiiia (powerful). 

giiinala (property) mJgtiinaja (wealthy). .„.«rf «/ 

The^x 6 denotes the reverse of mi, i. e., to be lacHng m, or to he possemd of 

little. 
Example: 

d^jinaso bI Juan (John has little brain). 
The prefix ni denotes the effect of an act or thing. 

■^""^e^gaa (clean); n&^gfiagas (cleaning) (also, as verb, to ^'^^^^^^^ 

ma&'fiao (afraid); nVmaftliao (terrifying) (as verb, to make afraid). 
The prefix m4ma signifies capable of being. 

Examples: ^ vi \ 

cand (to eat); mimacand (capable of being eaten^ eatable). 
t&itai (to read); m&mataitai (capable of being read; legible). 

The prefixes g61 and ch&t, denoting contrast. 

Examples: , ,^ 

g6ftan6 (fertile), also gu6ftan6; cli&ttand (sterile, land). 
The prefix t&g indicates habit or disposition, also location. 

Examples: , . i.. t-N 

juld (above; up); t&gjil6 (high; lofty; pretty high). 

catan (east); t&gcatan (in the east; oriental). 
The prefixes sto and »e»6n signify real, true, genuine, very. 



IX 

Examples: 

t&ilaye (bad); s^ntaUaye (very bad). 

Iibald (wicked); s4nabald (very wicked). 

baba (worthless); sSnbaba (quite worthless; very bad). 
The prefixes gfif and gti6f previously stated to express contrast; they also express 
the superlative, usually in a good sense. 
Examples: 

gasgfas (clean); gdfgasgas (very clean). 

mauleg (good); g:u6fmaulGg (very good; excellent). 

&pacd. (white); gdfUpac^ (very white; pure white). 
The prefix pinat. 
Examples: 

maznes (sweet); pinatnxames (too sweet; oversweet). 

luaasen (salty) ; pinatmaasen (oversalty) . 

mantica (hard); pinatmantica (too greasy). 
The prefix la may be translated rather, somewhat, or by the English "iah." 
Examples: 

clpacd, (white); laltpac^ (somewhat white; whitish). 

bijo (old); labijo (rather old; oldish). 

chatpago (ugly); lachatpago (rather ugly). 
The prefixes ch& or ach& indicate equality. 
Examples: 

chixnalaiTgo jao yan y ch^lumo (you are as stck as your brother). 

ach&catpixitero si Pedro yan tataiia (both Peter and his lather are car- 
penters). 
The prefix ch&t denotes a lesser quality. 
Examples: 

m&ipe (hot); chitmaipe (not very hot; warm). 

ipacIL (white); ch&tilpacd. (imperfectly white). 
The prefix ti denies or reverses the quality expressed by the primitive word. 
Examples: 

gasgas (clean); tigasgas (unclean). 

xnSjnaloxn. (prudent); timSjnalom (imprudent). 

magajet (true); timagajet (untrue; false). 

xxx4inatai (mortal); timamatai (immortal). 
ti may be considered as equivalent to the English "not,'* as in sifia (pMsible); 
iiBifLa (not possible; impossible). 
The prefix t&i signifies there is not, or there is no. 
Examples: 

chi (limit); t&ichi (infinite; without end), * 

Isao (sin); t&i-isao (sinless; innocent). 

sin&jguan (containing); t^isin^jguan (empty). 

(c) Adjectival suffixes. 

The suffixes on and yon. By adding on to certain verbs ending in a consonant, 
or yon, if the verb ends in a vowel, adjectives are formed expressing possibility. 
Examples: 

fatinas (to do); fatinason (feasible). 
tai^a (to desire); tangayon (desirable).' 
goflifi (to love); goflfiyon (amiable). 
Ago (to change); &guyon (changeable), 
pund (to quench; ponflon (extinguishable). 

4562—18 2 



12 

(d) Conjunctive paHiele. 

The particle aa. Attributive adjectives are connected with the nouns they modify 
by means of the particle na, which ia not translatable into English. ^ 

Examples: 

mauleg na t&otao (good man). ^ 

laje na patgon (male child; boy). 
patgon na chiba (young goat). 
guSfmauleg na pal&uan (good woman), 
y t&ilaye na chalan (the bad road, or street). 
The particle na i8 omitted where the adjective expresses an inherent attribute, 
as in y ^tulon^ aga (the black crow). 

(c) Predicate adjectwes. 

The particle na is not used in connection with predicate adjectives. There being 
no copulative verb in the Chamorro language, the predicate adjective may be con- 
sidered to have a verbal nature. M&uleg (good) may be translated as to he good. 
Nouns, when used as adjectives, may also be considered as verbs. The predicate 
adjective usually precedes the subject. 
Examples: 

miuleg y laje (good is the man; the man is good). 

guSfmauleg y palduan (the woman is very good). 

magajet y sinafil:an (the story is true). 

chag6 y chalan (the road is long). 

cadad^ y inepe (the reply is short). 

c&jag& y tijon^ (the hat is blood-stained) . 

(/) Adjectives with definite article. 

An adjective with the definite article when used in a restrictive clause follows the 
subject and is connected with it by nl; in a descriptive phrase the relaUve na (distinct 
from the adjectival particle na), is used. 

^""^v nateon nl y malan&o (the child who is sick; expressing: the sick child), 
y chfelumo nl y dlquiqul (the brother of yours who is little; expressing: your 
little brother). 

Descriptive phrases: . , , • i„ ^^a 

guaja lUyog gui guima na B^ndafi&culo (in the house is a very large cocoa- 
nut). J I. *v 

julii untuiong na cMach6 (I saw a mud-covered hat). 
(g) Comparison of adjectives. 

Comparison is expressed by the possessive suffix na, followed by que.,, 

Examples: 

etogofia que guajo (smaller in stature than I). 

&pac&iLa que jago (whiter than thou). 
Equality is expressed by the prefix ch&. 
Examples: 

chfimisacan (aa old as). 

misacan (old). 
Equality, but in a lower degree, is expressed by U and cHat. 

Examples; 

l&apacd. (somewhat white). 

chatapaca f poorly white; not white white). 



18 

(h) Reduplication of syllahUs. 
Expresses intensification. 
Examples: 

d&n|:cuIo (b^); da^cuculo Enormous; overgrown j. 

gasgas (clean); g&agagas (scrupulously clean). 

dfquiqul (little); dlquiquiqul (tiny; very small). 

(t) Formation of the plural. 

Accomplished by the prefix man. 
Examples: 

mauleg na cli61o (good brother); mamuauleg na mafielo (good brothers). 

t&ilaye na laje (bad man); man&ilaye na lalaje (bad men). 

tunas na chalan (straight road, or street); manunas na chalan (straight 
roads). 

(2) DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES. 

(a) This. Expressed by ayen before the predicate (yini or ini after the predicate) 
of a sentence. 
Examples: 

ayen na patgon tumatangtiis gui pueng^e (this child cried last night). 

faisen yini (or ini) na tentagd (ask this servant). 
(6) That. Rendered by 6nao. 
Examples: 

6nao sija na galagd (those dogs). 

6nao na pal^ (that priest there), 
(c) Yon; yonder. Rendered by ayo and yuje. 
Examples: 

ayo na gum^ (yonder house). 

dfquiqui yuje na patgon (yon small child). 

yajo yuje na leblo (I like yonder book). 
{d) Adverbs derived from demonstratives. Accomplished by prefixing and absorb- 
ing grui (signifying in or at). 
Examples: 

gui yini (literally, in this); gtUne (here). 

gui y^nao (literally, in that); giiSnao (there). 

(3) INTERROGATIVE ADJECTIVES. 

(a) Jftyi, jayCj jaij or jae denote who'i 
Examples: 

jayi siJa na t&otaoP {what people f literally, who peoplef). 
jai na raiP (what king? literally, who kingf). 
(&) Jafa, jaf. Although correctly translated what (or which), this word has a 
much broader use, and in accordance with inflection ia utilized to convey a number of 
meanings, such as greeting, casual inquiry as to purpose, intention, reason, or destina- 
tion, as well as the state of health, etc. 
Examples (of correct use): 
jaf na catoP (what cat?). 
jafa na gum^P (which house?). 
The choice between the two forms, jafa or jaf, is merely one of euphony. 

(c) Mano signifies either where or which. 
Examples: 

mano na leblo? {which hoohf literally, where boohf), 
jaftaimano na lebloP {what kind of book f literally, what-like book?). 
(<f) Fia, fafia, fiiyaiP These forms, signifying how many, are used according to 
the nature of the nouns they modify. (Very rarely used; replaced by cuanto; 
cuantos; jaf taimano minegaeila.) 



14: 



Fia, uaed in reckoning time; fafla, used for quefltions pertaining to the number of 
peiBO.:^ or living things L general; fliyai, used in connection w.th mammate ob,ect.. 

^"fta'puefi&uef replaced by cuantos diasP (how many days? laterally, how 
many nighta?). 
fafia na taotaoP cuanto na t&otasP (how many people?), 
fliyai na gumiP jaftaimano minegiefla na gumftP (how many houses?). 
Another derived interrogative is tagfiaP, used in questions involving measure- 
J2X for example, tigflan yini na sapnanP (how many [fathoms long] la this 
boat?); also ik]Bl&? (how many times?). 

(4) INDEFINITE ADJECTIVES. 

(a) The limiting adjective guaja eignifiea there is or there are. Like ail other words 
in Chamorro, guaja may be used as several parts of speech. 

Examples; 

guaja na tuba (some toddy). 

guaja na lalaje (some men). 

gaaja sij a manog (some fowls). 

guaja si janaguma (some houses). m • 

(&) Indefinite adjectives from interrogatives formed by the sufhx 3a. 

Examples: 

jaeja na taotao (whatsoever person). 

jayijSt na laje (whatsoever man), 
jaij a na gumfi- (whatsoever house). 

manoia na b#b6 (whatsoever knife). . . 

(c) T^Te adjective tay^ denotes the reverse of guaja. signif ymg there ^. not^ 
the equivalent of the French il n'y a pas. 
Examples: 

tay& na pal&uan (no woman). 

(„ Atei^To^'^tS or number; m^gae or lajyan signify much or many; 
liguaja, several; dididt, a little; y palo, the remammg. 

Examples: 

m6gae na putlon (many stars) . 

lajyan na taotao (many persons). 

l&guaja na f amagaon (several children) . 

dididd na tuba (a little toddy) . 

ti m6gae na tliotao (n^t many people). 

V valo na tfi.otao (the i?emaining people). ■^M4.^iyr^^ryn 

(e) AdiectW^s of comparison. Adverbs of manner, such as taunano ^f ^t^f 
(e) Adjectives 01 co y taigUine (thus, like this, like here); tai- 

freX^ved torn the demonstratives ini, 6nao, and yuje, or °«"« '»"«^*'/,*"" ^^ 
rrr^sZding adverbs of place, gUine, gaSnao, and gUije, may be used as adjec- 
tiS^^ouns and are connected with the latter by the partiele na. 

'^^T^l^e na flnfttina. (such an act as this; UteraUy, such-like act). 

taigtt6nao na leblo (such a book as that [near you]). 

tai^ailenat&otao (such a person as that [yonder]). 

JS^ano na leblo mategfimoP (what kind of a book do you w«h?). 

tftiirtiine na leblo (this kind of a book). , 

(/) IndeS ^jectives adopted from the Spanish. These have become part of 
the Chamorro language, and are generally used. 



la 



Examples: 

catquiera; catciuieraja; catquiet (any, any whatsoever), 
otro; otro na (the bther). 
* cada; cada uno (everyone). 
, todo (every, all). 
nixino (not one). 
mas sea jafa (whatsoever). 

NUMERALS. 

No mention is made herein of the intereating, but now obsolete, old numeral eys- 
tem, and only a few of the old Chamorro numerals are retained in derived words. 
The modern numerals have been adopted from the Spanish. 

(a) Cardinal numbers: 



un, uno (1). 
dos (2). 
tree (3). 
cuatro (4). 
sinco (5). 
sals (6). 
siete (7). 
echo (8). 
nuebe (9), 
dies (10). 
onae (11). 
dose (12). 
trese (13). 
catotse (14). 
qtiinse (15). 
dies 7 sals (16). 
dies y siete (17). 
dies y echo (18). 
dies y nuebe (19). 
bente (20). 
bente y uno (21). 
bente y dos (22). 
bente ytres (23). 

(6) Ordinals: 

y fin^nana (the first). 
y minft dos (the second). 

(Or, y se^undo, from the 
in use.) 
y minft tres (the third). 
y niin& cuatro (the fourth). 
y mink sinco (the fifth), 
y xxunk sals (the sixth). 
y minft sais (the sixth). 
y minft siete (the seventh), 
y minft echo (the eighth). 
7 min& nuebe (the ninth). 
y minA di6s (the'tenth). 
y ziiin& onse (the eleventh). 

(Ordinals from the Spanish iare 
4ttixno (the last). 



bente y cuatro (24), 
bente y since (25). 
tr^inta (30). 
cuarenta (40). 
sinquenta (50). 
sesenta (60). 
setenta (70). 
ochenta (80). 

nuebenta or nobenta (90). 
si^n or si en to (100). 
dosientOB (200). 
tresientoB (300) 
cuatrosientos (400). 
quinientoa (500). 
saisientos (600). 
seteslentos (700). 
ochosientos (800). 
nuebesientos (900). 
mil (1,000). 
dos mil (2,000). 
tres mil (3,000). 
dies mil (10,000). 
un miyon (1,000,000). 



Spanish; y primero, y tetsero^ etc., are alf 



not used beyond the tenth, ddsimo.^ 



I 
16 

Nnx. Both cardinal and ordinal numbers are connected with the noun by the 

. vi!7^ J^ wfna ffUiian (twenty fishes). The noun following the numerals 

?em:^r\he 'rg^^re^U is mlde. ho.ever, in the caae.of nouns fornnn, 

irregular plural. 
For example: 

tres na tS-otao (three persons). 

^an-lrchanged in the indicative, past and present tense into man-a-. 

^^Tir.acuacuatro jul6 (they were coining up four-by-four). 
ufan-adi6dies magui (they will come here ten-by-ten). 

THE PRONOUN. 

+\,« r.^A«nim has onlv two forms, namely, the singular and 
'"^ T" ''^TrJXllTSr^^nl^^^olyne^. languages. With verb. 

^T;:et^^?":i'rthiL\?r^^^^^^^ 

aive or exclusive. 

the person addressed. ^^^ ,^„sonal. PROKOtJN. 

ou *a ye^ as in abbreviated sentences and after prepositions, 

Examples; 

euaio fuma,tinaa Snao (I did that). , , , „^„,^ 

verb. 

Example: .-. 

chuHe y6 unmanja (bring me a coconut). 

SHORT FORM 
. LONG FOKM. (AFTER VEKflS). 

giiajo yo (^)- 

iago jau (tbou). 

Ita jit (we, inclusive) 

jame jam (we, exclusive). 

jamyo jamyo (you). 

sija 8ija (tW)- 

THE POSSESSIVE PRONOUN. 

The possessive pronoun is expressed differently in the case of (.) persons, (.) ani- 
mala, and (c) things inanimate. 

(a) Indicated by a suffix, as follows: 
jo or CO (lay). 
mo (thy). 
iia(his; her; its). 



17 

ta (our, inclusive). 

mame (our, exclusive). 

miyo (your). 

flija (their). 
(&) In the case of animals: 

gkjo (my). 

gamo (thy). 

gUna (his; her; its). 

g&ta (our, inclusive). 

g&zname (our, exclusive). 

g&miyo (your). 

gttija, (their). 
It will be seenf therefore, that the reference to animals ie indicated by the infix gft. 
Examples: 

y gajo na gaiago (my dog). 

y g&mo na manog: (thy fowl). 

y g4£ka na babul (his pig). 

y gata na carabao (our buffalo, inclusive). 

y gd,nianie na carabao (our buffalo, exclusive). 

y g£Lmiyo na cbiba (your goat). 

y g&fiija na ng^a:^^ (their duck), 
(c) In the case of inanimate objects: 

iyoco (my). 

iyomo (thy). 

iyolia (his; her; its). 

iyota (our, inclusive). 

iyoiunatae (our, exclusive). 

iyonmiyo (your). 

iyonfiiia (their). 

■^ THE VERB. 

Almost any word in the Chamorro langus^e may be used as a verb, but there are 
certain words expressing motion, condition, or action, which may be considered true 
verbs in their primitive form. 



Examples: 

j&nao (to go; to walk). 
m&il& (to come), 
saga (to stay). 
falago (to run), 
agang (to call out). 
f&pos (to pass). 
tunog (to descend). 
basnag (to fall). 
i^S^ (to reach). 
tagd. (to cut). 



tugud (to write). 

tfiitai (to recite; to read). 

ason (to lie down). 

naidgo (tQ swim). 

fato (to arrive). 

ta^guis (to weep). 

guinem, or guimen (to drink). 

chiil§ (to carry), 

yutfi (to throw away). 

pach.a (to touch). 



In the Chamorro language all verbs are classed as either transitive or intransitive. 

Verbs having a certain direct object are classed as transitive. 

Example: 

t&itai Snau (or 4nao) na leblo (read that book). 

As intransitive are classed (a) verbs denoting motion or position, havinj^ no direct 
object; (6) transitive verbs, when they have no object at all, or when their use indicates 
an uncertain, indefinite object. Thus, to read/and to read books, are both classod as 
intransitive, the first, when standing alone, having no object at all, and the second 
denoting an object insufficiently definite. The conjugation of the verbs applying' to 
(h) is that of the transitive form, with the addition of the prefix fan, the lattor boinj; 



18 



acc^ntation of the fact that the action described ^■■l^^^ltCZZ^C::^:. 
already know.. For example, when «P-^.ng of a book tot h^ alrea^^^^^ ^^ 

\^:taUn^r:iai^^^^^^^^^^^ 

selected- (a) The transitive verb with a direct object; (6 ^he transitive vero 
seiecieu. y,u) J- transitive verb "with the innx um, 

a direct object (with the prefix fan-), (c) ine transui^c 

(d) The intransitive verb. 

(A) THE TRANSITIVE VEftB WITH A DIBECT OBJECT. 

Infinitive: 

gg,^au (to beg). 

Imperative: 

Second person singular, gfi--gau. 
Third person, u-g&graii. 
First person plural, ta-g&gau. 
Second person, gi-gau. 
Third person, uja-g&gau. 

Present and past tenses: 

First, singular (I beg; I begged) Ju-g&gau. 

Second, singular, on-g&gau. 
Third, singular, ja-g&gau. 

First, plural, inclusive, ta-g&gau; exclusive, m-gftgau. 
Second, plural, en-g&gau. 
No.r-F;K-ofr;;^» the peraonal p»nonn i» .on.etln>e, added t. the 

verb. 
Example: , , jv 

guajo ju-g&gau (I beg, I begged). 

Future: 

First, singular (I shall beg), ju-g&gau. 

Second, singular, on-g&gau. 

Third, singular, u-g&gau. ^ •„ „«c^a„ 

First, plural, inclusive, uta-g&gau; exclusive, m-g&gau. 

Second, plural, en-g&gau. 

reason for the fact cited, so that it may not be incorrect t^^^e^r*" i„°" j.^ »i,„,e 
^theee letters ae being permisrible ^^^^ ^"^^^^'^J^^^^ The other 
examples, en may be written for in, on for on, in for «». o" '™ «" 
;^"«rremain invariable, and should be remembered, as follows. 
Present and past tense: 

Third person singular, ja- 

Firrt person plural, ta. 

Third person plural, ja. 



19 

Future: 

Third person singular, u. 
First pei'aon plural, uta. 
Third person plural, uja. 
The pluperfect may be formed as indicated in the following example: raonj&n 
ju*g4gau; or monjayan ju-g&gau; or yesta ja-g&grau; or znagpd ju-g^gau 
(to convey: / had begged^ or asked; although the literal translation would be I was 
finished with asking). 

(b) transitive verb without a direct object. 

Infinitive: 

To beg; to ask, man-g&gau. 
Imperative: 

Second person singular, fan-g&gau. 

Third person, u-fan-g£tgau. 

First person plural, ta-famaan-gfi-gau. 

Second person, fanman-g&gau. 

Third person, uja-famuan-g&gau. 
Present and past tenae: 

First, singular (I beg; I begged), iuan-gfi.gau. 

Seccnd, singular, znan-g&gau-jau. 

Third, singular, man-g&gau-gu!. 

First, plural, inclusive, maiunan'gg^gau-Jlt; exclusive, maninan-g&gau- 
jam. 

Second, plural, xuamnan-g&gau-Jaznyo. 

Third, plural, zuannxan-g&gau-sija. 
Future: 

First, singular (I shall beg), ju-fan-g&gau. 

Second, singular, on-fan-g&gau. 

Third, singular, u-fan-gigau. 

First, plural, inclusive, uta-fanmajx-g&gau; exclusive, in-fanznan-g&gau. 

Second, plural, en-fanman^g&gau. 

Third, plural, uja-fanman-g&gau. 

(C) TRANSITIVE VERB WITH THE INFIX "um". 

Note. — This exists in the past tense only. 

First, singular (I begged), guajo guzn&gau. 

Second, singular, jago guxn&gau. 

Third, singular, giiiya gum&gau. 

First, plural, inclusive, jita gum&gau; exclusive, jame gunx&gau. 

Second, plural, jaxnyo gum&gau. 

Third plural, sija gum&gau. 

(d) THE INTRANSITIVE VERB. 

Infinitive: 

To step down, tumunog. 
Imperative: 

Second person singular, tunoff' (step downt). 

Third person singular, u-tunog. 

First person plural, ta-fanonog. 

Second person plural, fanunog. 

Third person plural, uja-fanunog. 



•20 



Present and past tense: f„munoff v6. 

First, singular (I stepped down), tumunog yo. 
Second, singular, tumunog jau. ^ 

Third, singular, tumunog gui- „^clusive, manunog jam. 

First plural, inclusive, manunog jit, exciusi , 
Second, plural, manunog jamyo. 

Third, plural, manunog sija. 

^""''^'r et, singular (I shall 3tep down), ju-tunog. 
Second, singular, on-tunog. 

Tliird, singular, u-tunog. pvpUisive in-lanunog. 

First, plural, inclusive, uta-f anunog, exclusive, 
Second, plural, en-fanunog. 

Third, plural, uja-lanunog .^ ^^^ ^^^^^^^^ i,, the case 

Mote -The formation of the infinitive by the mnx 
of a number of exceptions. For example: 

Present tense: , „. , 

ba8nagy6(Iamfalling). 

Infinitive: 

manbaanag (to fall). 

THE PASSIVE rORJl. 

f m of a verb in which the 

Examples: 

eode (tobind). , -, jn 

luinede or ma-gode (to be bound). 

THE USE OF THE PASSIVE FOKM. 

'^"'SltmadajauCIan.beatiBgthee). 

on-n&e-ya (you l^'^ f;:^^!^,„<,„ ,„d the object in the ^cond, the pa»ive 
(2) If the subject is in the third person 
formes used, with in inserted. 

Examples: ^^^^^ ^ ^^^^^^^ thee). 

form may be used. 

Examples of the passive form; 

Infinitive: 

To be bound, guinede. 

"""nrsingular (1 was being bound), Buinede y6. 

Second, singular, guinede jau. 

Third, singular, guinede gul. exclusive, man-magode jam. 

First, plural, inclusive, '^^'^eoi^ ''*' "'^ •" 

Seco;! plural, man-magode jamyo. 

Third, plural, man-magode »ja. 



21 
Future: 

First, singular (I shall be bound), ju-magode. 

Second, singular, on-magode. 

Third, singular, u-magode. 

First, plural, inclusive, utafan-magode; exclusive, in-fan-magode. 

Second, plural, exi-fan-magode. 

Third, plural, uja-fan-magode. 

THE REFLEXIVE VERB. 

The conjugation or inflection of reflexive verba ia the same aa that of active verbs 
with a definite object, except that it is followed by the personal pronoun. 
Example; 

jubale yo (I am waiting on myself). 
In some instances maisa is also added, as follows: 

ja-fa£Lild, iufi,isa gui (he accused himself). 

THE CAUSATIVE PREFIX "nA-". 

As shown under the paragraphs on adjectives, the addition of the causative prefix 
na, denoting cause, permission, initiating action, effects the transformation of such 
adjectives into transitive verba, and of intransitive verbs into transitive verbs. 
Examples: 

gasgas, adj, (clean). 

n^-gasgas, v. ir. (to clean; to make clean). 

ason, V. i. (to be lying down). 

n3.'ason, v. ir. (to lay down; to put down). 
In the example following, the addition of the particle fan in the plural, following 
the prefix na, is to be noted. 
Example: 

JanH-gaagas y guim^ (he is cleaning the house). 

jan&f an-gasgas y guim^ sija (he is cleaning the houses) . 
In other respects the conjugation follows that of the transitive verb with a definite 
object. 
Examples: 

If the object is in the singular — 
Imperative: 

Second person singular, n§,-gasgas. 

Third person singular, u-n&-gasgas. 

First person plural, ta-na-gasgas. 

Second person plural, nlt-gasgas. 

Third person plural, uja-ni-gasgaB. 
Past tense; 

First, singular, ju-nft-gasgas. 

Second, singular, on-n3.-gasgas. 

Third, singular, Ja'nfi.-gasgas. 

First, plural, inclusive, ta-na^gasgaa; exclusive, in-nft-gasgas 

Second, plural, en-na,-ga8gas. 

Third, plural, Ja-na-gasgas. 
Future : 

First, singular, ju-n^-gasgas. 

Second, singular, on-n&-gasgaa. 

Third, singular, u-na^gasgas. 

First, plural, inclusive, uta-n^-gasgas; exclusive, in-n3.-gasgas. 

Second, plural, en-n£l*gasgas. 

Third, plural, uja-n&-ga8gas. 



22 

If the object ia in the plural- 
Imperative: 

Second person singular, n&fan-gasgas. 

Third person singular, u-n&fan-gasgas. ^ 

First person plural, ta-nWan-gasgas. 

Second person plural, nMan-gaagaa. 
Third person plural, uja-nMan-gasgaa. 

Past tense: 

First, singular, ju-nHfan-gasgas. 
Second, singular, on-nMan-^aagas. 

Second, plural, en-naian-gaagas. 
Third, plural, Ja-nllfrii-ga«gM- 

Future: 

First, singular, iu-nMan-gasgaa. 
Second, singular, on-nMan-gasgas. 

Second, plural, en-nWaxv-gaagaa. 
Third, plural, uja-nMan-gaagas. 

THE RECIPROCAL VERB. 

Reciprocal verbs are formed by adding the prefix a-. 

Example: ^ v.- a\ 

gode (to take hold of; also, to bind). 
&-gode (to take hold of each other). 

AUXILIARY VERBS. 

(„) To have. This U tra^lated by Ifuaja o, ^, and the negation is expreaaed by 
tay& or tai, 

iZ y a; or German, es giebt), 
*Thada book; literally, in the p«t there was a book rune). 

"-•71:^^ ^SS^'XS'^-n^e fo, 7 ..« K^ ~- »<-.- 

tayi (the negation)— 
tayJL lebloco (I have no book). 
»ai-Balap6 yd (I liave money). 
Siln.gaf-aiaap6 jam (exclusive) (we have money). 
u-eai-salapA (he will have money). 
uttfan-gai-salapfi (we shall have money). 
gai-iyo-Jau tujofi& (you have a hat). 
gai-g& y6 g^laffo 0- liave a dog). 

tai (negation)— 
tai-magago 76 (I have no garment). 
manae relda jit (we have no clock . 
tiiiyo jau B«s6 (you have no kmfe). 

,,, tTbl '^Thtri- no c:;Xr U in the Chamo- U^ua^e.' and "to be" 
i.Kred by^Ieetivee, noun, and adverbs used in verbal for.. 



!=■< 



23 

Example: 

Infinitive : 

To be sick, malan^o. 
Imperative: 

Second person singular (be sick!), malan|:o. 

Second person plural, fan-malafl^o. 
Past tense (and present tenae) : 

First, singular (I am sick; I was sick), malango yd- 

Second, singular, malanjgro jau. 

Third, singular, malango g^ii. 

First, plural, inclusive, man-malango jit; exclusive, man-malang;© Jam. 

Second, plural, man-malango jamyo. 

Third, plural, inan-malaa|ro sija. 
Future: 

First, singular (I shall be sick), ju-inalan|:o. 

Second, singular, on-malafi^o. 

Third, singular, u-malango. 

First, plural, inclusive, uta-fan-maiango; exclusive, in-fan-raala£|^o. 

Second, plural, en-fan-malan^o. 

Third, plural, uJa-fan-malan]^o. 
Note .—In the past tense many attributive verbs take the infix um, as, for instance; 

tumHilaye si Jose (Joseph became malicious). 
Reduplication of a syllable in these verbs indicates equality in a lower degree. 
Example: 

malglanl^o yd (I am somewhat sickly). 
When used in the sense of the Spanish "estar" or the German "sich befinden," 
the verb "to be" is rendered by g&igue and the negation expressed by tMgue. 
Examples: 

gUigue y6 gui guixxiii. (I am at home). 

man-g&igue jit gui ya jamyo (we are at your house). 

u-g&igue gm ya jamyo (he will be at your house). 

uja-fan-g&igue gui guima y cli61ujo (they will be at the house of my 
brother). 
The past tense is either expressed by an adverb of time, or by "est aba," taken 

from the Spanish. 
Examples; 

estaba jau gui ya sijaP (were you at his house?). 

m.aiiestaba jit gui ya sija (we were at their house). 
The use of the negation, t&igUe, is illustrated in the following examples: 

t^igUe yd (I am not present). 

man&iglie jit (we are not there). 

uja-fan&igUe (they will not be present). 
A few verbs commencing with fe- are conjugated in accordance with the following 
paradigm: 
Infinitive: 

To run, falago. 
Imperative: 

Second, singular, falago. 

Third, singular, u-falago. 

First, plural, ta-fan-malago. 

Second, plural, fan-malago. 

Third, plural, uja-fan-malago. 



24 



Paat and present tense: 

First, singular (I am running; I ran), malago yd, etc. 
First, plural, man-malago jit, etc. 

Future: 

First, singular, ju-falago, etc. 

First, plural, uta-fan-malagro, etc. 
Note the following: 

ch&mo fal&la^ (imperative, do not run!). 

sifta jufalagroP (can I run?). 

mu£ga y6 malago (I do not want to run). 



THB fhohibitive: do notI 

This is translated by chftmo, the equivalent of the Latin "noli" or German »wolle 
nicht! "; in the plural, chftmiyo 1 Its use is somewhat subject to arbitrary changes, 
and only a few illustrations are given below: 
Examples: 

ch&mo f amfimocat I (do not go ! ) . 
ch&mo f al&lago I (do not run ! ) . 
ch&miyo f anj&Janau 1 (do not go ! [plural]) . 
ch&miyo f anmat&t&chofife I (do not sit down !). 
iatae6 yd na ch&jo jum&janau (he commanded me not *« f) ; . 

jai4&^ii y S^^^^ P«^* ^'^^^^^ tum^tunog (he took away the ladder m order 
that I may not descend), . . , , . x- :„ 

The negative of "to want to" is expressed by mufi^a, which denotes negation m 

a milder degree than the positive ch&mo. 
Examples: 
Imperative, in all forms: 

muSj^a. 
Past and present tense: 

mu£ga yd (I do not want to). 

mu^j^a jit, or mufl&a jam (we do not want to). 

Future: 

jamu£|^a (I shall not want to). 

utafamnu^a, etc. (we shall not want to). 
Some verbs always use the possessive pronoun as a suffix. 

Examples: 

yajo (I wish; it pleases me to). 

g&ftaco, or gaoco (I prefer). 
Examples of defective expressions: 

i6ca& (I donotknow). 

n&-jo, or, ae plural, nft-ta (give me, or give us, something to eat). 

uJol(take[it]!). 

lament (to be good for something; to be useful). 

jaf ulamexi este ua atbotP (what is this tree good for?). 

jaf onlamen gUfneP (what are you here for?). 

THE ADVERB. 

The common adverbs of place and motion are in reaUty abbreviations ^V^ 
compoeSTthe demonstrative pronouns preceded by ae preposition gui, indicating 

**Di,^tion away from tbe speaker is denoted by riato; direction toward the speaker, 
magui; place or time of an occurrence is rendered by aai. 



25 

Examples: 

giiine; este nai (here). .^ 

este magui; este znagui nai; giiine magui (here ! — example: come 
here !). 

giiSnau; 6nau nai; giiSnau nai (there). 

gliSuau guato; Snau guato nai (there !— example: go there )). 

gUije; ayo nai (there — at a distance from the speaker). 

aye guato; gfiije guato (there ! — example: go there ! indicating farther dis- 
tance). 
Adverbs denoting place or location: 

aan papS, (beneath). 

san Jil6, or san JuX6 (above). 

san mSna^ or san ni6na (in front; before). 

san tate (behind). 

san jalum (inside). 

san jiyufig, or san Juyun|: (outside). 

san catan (in the east). 

san lichan (in the west). 

san jaya (in the south). 

san lago (in the north). 

gui maguin (on this side of). • 

gui otro banda (on that side of). 

mano; maiSg'Ui; znano nai (where). 

guine mano (whence; wherefrom). 

p ara mano (whither ; ^ where to) . 

meisea mano (anywhere) . 

ni mano (nowhere). 

gui todo na lugat; todoj& nsd (everywhere). 
The old Chamorrb expressions — 

gui agapft (to the right); 

gui ac&giie (to the left) 
are now eeldom used; instead-r- 

san lago (to the north); 

san jaya (to the south) 
have been adopted to express the equivalents of right and left. 
Adverbs denoting time: 

p&go; p&go nai (now). 

p&goj& (immediately). 

p&go; p&go na jaane (to-day). 

nigap (yesterday). 

y nigapna (day before yesterday). 

agup& (to-morrow). 

y nagpftna (day after to-morrow). 

jagas (earlier; sooner). 

naya (in earlier times). 

taftaf; gui taftaf (early in the morning). 

gui 6g&an (mornii^'s). 

gui chatanmatg (very early — ^in the dawn). 

gui tAldane (at noon). 

gui pu puSiSg^e (in the afternoon). 

gui pue£|^e (at night). 

gui p&i£g;ue (last night). 

gui t&tai6pud£j^e (at midnight). 

gui j&ane (in the daytime). 



26 

Adverbs denoting time— Continued. 

desde j abmaxn (since olden times). 

seso; md^ai na biaje; taplu£|; (often). 

jalag; ecalag; ti mSgai na biaje (seldom). > 

guaja nai ( a few times). 

tayfi, nai; tat nai; nuuca nai (never). 

siempre (always). 

cada rate (every minute). 

cada dia; todos dias (daily). 

yesta; esta (already). 

trabia (yet; not yet). 

taio (once more; again). 

atrasao (too late). 

iam6na (to-night). 

jasta l&mdna (until later). 

n^&ian?; figfi-iannaiP (when?). 

despues; entonses (then; afterwards). 

antes (before). 
Adverbs denoting comparison, similarity, etc.: 

jaf taimano (how?). 

per6jo3&; parejo; taigtUjeja (equal). 

taigUine; taig^ifinauj taig:UiJe (as). 

calang (as; like as; euch as). 

mas (more). 

menos (less). 

jufi&gan; jfto (yes). 

magajet (certain). 

sen aj6 (absolutely not). 

ti silia; sum^n-tisiiia (impossible). 

znandagiie (false; Wrong). 

buente (possibly; perhaps). 

mSgai (much). 

dldidl (little). 

mampos; demasiao (too much). 

adaP (possible?). 

THE PREPOSITION. 

Only the following prepositions are used: . _44 i 

(a) gui (upon; in; at; with). If the prepodtion gni is followed by the article, 
the latter is absorbed. 
Examples: 

gui y tasi becomes gui tasi (upon the sea). 

gui iya jita becomes guiya Jita (at our house). 

gui si Juan becomes as Juan (at John's house). 
(6) gmne (out of; of; from). 
Example: 

Diiine mano (where from). . 

(c) nu. This is difficult to translate, as it haa a number of different meanings and 
uses. A few illustrations follow: 

ilegfla nu sija (he said to them). . , ^t. u-i.a 

si pal6 jatagpan&ue y patgon nu y janum (the pneet baptized the child 

wieA water). u j\ 

naeiampftgonuyagoumame (give us our daily bread). 

sija man6cun&gog man atento nu y flndfla (they listened carefully to his 

wordH). 



2T 

{d) yan (with; in company of). Instead of this preposition, circumlocution u 

eometimes used, as in the following example: 

d^alag^ g^iii (go with him — ^follow him). 
(e) tai-taya (.without). 
Example: 

tayH tujoiSgr ^^i *&i tuJo£|r; **i tijon& (without a hat). 
(/) Adverbs denoting place or location are used as prepositions, with san or gm. 
Example: 

gui mdnan y guimil; san nxdnan y gttimft (in front of the house). 
Prepositions formed with san or gtii can be combined with the poseeaaive pronoun. 
Examples: 

gui mdnamo (before thee). 

gui lag^ofla (to his i^ght). 

gui jalumniiyo (in you). 

PREPOSITIONS ADAPTED FROM THE SPANISH. 

These have been absorbed into the Chamorro langus^e, and are now in general use. 
Examples: 

■paxB, (for). 

pot (through). 

con (with). 

jasta (until). 

adn (without). 

contra (against). 

fuera de (outside of; except). 

entre; €ntald; gui 4ntald (between). 

THE CONJUNCTION, 

ya (and — when used to connect sentences), 
yan (and — when used to connect words). 
16cud (also). 
pat (or). 

na (that— with a verb in the past tense). 
nu (that — with a verb in the future, tense). 
guin; yaguin (when— conditional). 
gnai; an nai (when — time). 
^naija; guinaij&; guigonja; anjft (as soon as). 
gui nai (when). 
lau (but). 
10. (nevertheless). 
sa (then; because). 
cau (if). 

eate-mina (for this reason). 
6nau mina or ayo mina (for that reason). 
Conjunctions adapted from the Spanish: 
antes que (before), 
mientras que (while), 
despues que (after). 
enton&es (then). 
con todo que (nevertheless), 
para que (in order that). 

para munl^a; para chajo (the same; n^ated), 
mas sea; masea; mas que sea (although). 

4532—18 3 



2T 

{d) yan (with; in company of). Instead of this preposition, circumlocution u 

eometimes used, as in the following example: 

d^alag^ g^iii (go with him — ^follow him). 
(e) tai-taya (.without). 
Example: 

tayH tujoiSgr ^^i *&i tuJo£|r; **i tijon& (without a hat). 
(/) Adverbs denoting place or location are used as prepositions, with san or gm. 
Example: 

gui mdnan y guimil; san nxdnan y gttimft (in front of the house). 
Prepositions formed with san or gtii can be combined with the poseeaaive pronoun. 
Examples: 

gui mdnamo (before thee). 

gui lag^ofla (to his i^ght). 

gui jalumniiyo (in you). 

PREPOSITIONS ADAPTED FROM THE SPANISH. 

These have been absorbed into the Chamorro langus^e, and are now in general use. 
Examples: 

■paxB, (for). 

pot (through). 

con (with). 

jasta (until). 

adn (without). 

contra (against). 

fuera de (outside of; except). 

entre; €ntald; gui 4ntald (between). 

THE CONJUNCTION, 

ya (and — when used to connect sentences), 
yan (and — when used to connect words). 
16cud (also). 
pat (or). 

na (that— with a verb in the past tense). 
nu (that — with a verb in the future, tense). 
guin; yaguin (when— conditional). 
gnai; an nai (when — time). 
^naija; guinaij&; guigonja; anjft (as soon as). 
gui nai (when). 
lau (but). 
10. (nevertheless). 
sa (then; because). 
cau (if). 

eate-mina (for this reason). 
6nau mina or ayo mina (for that reason). 
Conjunctions adapted from the Spanish: 
antes que (before), 
mientras que (while), 
despues que (after). 
enton&es (then). 
con todo que (nevertheless), 
para que (in order that). 

para munl^a; para chajo (the same; n^ated), 
mas sea; masea; mas que sea (although). 

4532—18 3 



28 

THE INTERJECTION, 

dll; diajS,!; Uil; litjAI (look therel; lookl). 
laul; &dalaul (but!). 

ujtil (impossible!). ^ 

ail (oh!). 

m&iileg I ; maulogj& 1; ni ji I (good ! ; all right !). 

gusil; »ajyaul; falagol; macalamyal (let us go!; off I; quick!; hurry!), 
lattanaul (away therel). 
Jul; pul (fie!; fyl). 
adajel (attention!) 
p&cacUl (keep still!; quiet I). 
Interjectionfl from the Spanish: 
cuidadol (take care!). 
fijalal (God grant!). 
sil^nsiol (silence!). 
ai de nul (poor me!), 
bibol (quick!), 
durol (get at it!; work hard!). 



ABBREVIATIONS. 



n noun or substantive. 

adj adjective, 

pron pronoun. 

r. (r , transitive verb. 

V. i intransitive verb. 

t\ tr,j vA transitive or intransitive verb, 

adv - adverb, 

Q/Ij,^ adv adjective or adverb. 

prep, preposition. 

conj conjunction. 

interj : interjection. 

indef indefinite. 

p, ad] participial adj ective. 

pi - .plural. 

p, p past participl e, 

(29) 



DICTIONARY 

OF THE 

CHAMORRO LANGUAGE 



(31) 



PART 1 -ENGLISH-CHAMORRO 



Note. — ^The author realizes that the greatest usefulness of hia work will not be in 
the direction of aiding Americans in the acquisition of a knowledge of the Chamorro 
tongue, but rather in the actual help toward a more thorough appreciation of the 
English language by the Chamono children. He has not seen fit, therefore, to extend 
the use of accents in this dictionary to anything resembling scholarly thoroughness 
and precise consistency. Accents are used in the daily life of the'Chamorros but 
most sparingly, and the practice is that of leaving out, indiscriminately, all but those 
accents which by their application practically decide the meaning and interpretation 
of the word concerned. As in other eastern languages, an absolutely correct interpre- 
tation and articulation can be acquired only by the help of native teachers, and the 
extension of the annotation of accents in this work, to constitute a real factor, would 
offer a return very much out of proportion to the extraneous effort necessary for such 
an accomplishment. 

However, the author anticipates, and hopes, that there will be ambitious Americans 
and others, even though their number be small, who would wish to be given at least 
a partial guide toward a correct enunciation (in so far as it can be ascertained from 
present usage) of the Chamorro idiom, and in the interest of these he has applied 
special care in the application of accents in the English-Chamorro part of the dictionary 
under the captions of the letters of the alphabet *' a, " '* b, " and " c . " It will be noted 
by observant students that the shadings of the letters are indicated painstakingly, 
especially in the case of the vowel "a," the least variation in the enunciation leaning 
toward the so-called " Umlaut" (in German) "a" being indicated by the corresponding 
accentuation. It is hoped that those for whose especial use this practice was adopted 
will be encouraged by it toward further investigation, and that the purpose of this extra 
annotation will be realized. 



A. 



i 



abandon, v. tr.; to leave; to quit; to 

leave behind; to forsake; to desert: — 

abandona; di£go; desampdra. 
abandoned, adj.; left; forsaken; forlorn; 

left alone: — Sband6n&o. 
abandonment, n.; forlorn condition; 

dereliction: — Sbanddno. 
abate, v. £r.;— na.-la'-dididi; nft-U- 

diquiqui. 
abdomen, n.; groin: — aflago; tuyan; 

patol. 
abnor, v. tr.; to hate; to detest: — chatUi. 
abide, v. i.; to continue; to endure; to 

last: — saga; dura, 
ability, n.; — ^ninaaifia; jinflat. 
abject, adj., adv.; vile; mean-spirited; 

base: — deapreslao. 
abjure, v. tr.; to recant upon oath: — 

nft-n&lo y janijd nl y m^<Ua; 

i£gen renunsia y chat-jinefi^griie. 
able, adj.: — gu^f-Uoj gai-ninSsifia. 
able-bodied, adj.: — ^mfitgot; robusto. 



abolish, v. tr.; to dismiss; to revoke; to 
countermand; to withdraw: — jClajxg; 
deroga. 

abominable, adj.; cursed: — ^iafi^^on; 
matdisido. 

above all, adv.; at first; for the present: — 
mOna; ya-julol6. 

abridge, v. tr.; to cut short; to accele- 
rate: — ^nft-ca,''dadft; nft-la-'gusd; nlL-la- 
diquiquJ. 

abrupt^odf;., adv.; sudden: — derepentej 
enseguidas. 

absence, n.: — tina'^igiie. 

absent-xxdnded, adj.^ advj distracted: — 
distraido; ja^'malefa. 

absent, adj.: — taigiie. 

abscess, n.; wound; defect; sore: — 
chetnot. 

abstinence, n.; diet; continence; tem- 
perance: — dhinemft; chom4. 

abstinence, n.; temperance; conti- 
nence: — continfinaia. 



(33) 



PART 1 -ENGLISH-CHAMORRO 



Note. — ^The author realizes that the greatest usefulness of hia work will not be in 
the direction of aiding Americans in the acquisition of a knowledge of the Chamorro 
tongue, but rather in the actual help toward a more thorough appreciation of the 
English language by the Chamono children. He has not seen fit, therefore, to extend 
the use of accents in this dictionary to anything resembling scholarly thoroughness 
and precise consistency. Accents are used in the daily life of the'Chamorros but 
most sparingly, and the practice is that of leaving out, indiscriminately, all but those 
accents which by their application practically decide the meaning and interpretation 
of the word concerned. As in other eastern languages, an absolutely correct interpre- 
tation and articulation can be acquired only by the help of native teachers, and the 
extension of the annotation of accents in this work, to constitute a real factor, would 
offer a return very much out of proportion to the extraneous effort necessary for such 
an accomplishment. 

However, the author anticipates, and hopes, that there will be ambitious Americans 
and others, even though their number be small, who would wish to be given at least 
a partial guide toward a correct enunciation (in so far as it can be ascertained from 
present usage) of the Chamorro idiom, and in the interest of these he has applied 
special care in the application of accents in the English-Chamorro part of the dictionary 
under the captions of the letters of the alphabet *' a, " '* b, " and " c . " It will be noted 
by observant students that the shadings of the letters are indicated painstakingly, 
especially in the case of the vowel "a," the least variation in the enunciation leaning 
toward the so-called " Umlaut" (in German) "a" being indicated by the corresponding 
accentuation. It is hoped that those for whose especial use this practice was adopted 
will be encouraged by it toward further investigation, and that the purpose of this extra 
annotation will be realized. 



A. 



i 



abandon, v. tr.; to leave; to quit; to 

leave behind; to forsake; to desert: — 

abandona; di£go; desampdra. 
abandoned, adj.; left; forsaken; forlorn; 

left alone: — Sband6n&o. 
abandonment, n.; forlorn condition; 

dereliction: — Sbanddno. 
abate, v. £r.;— na.-la'-dididi; nft-U- 

diquiqui. 
abdomen, n.; groin: — aflago; tuyan; 

patol. 
abnor, v. tr.; to hate; to detest: — chatUi. 
abide, v. i.; to continue; to endure; to 

last: — saga; dura, 
ability, n.; — ^ninaaifia; jinflat. 
abject, adj., adv.; vile; mean-spirited; 

base: — deapreslao. 
abjure, v. tr.; to recant upon oath: — 

nft-n&lo y janijd nl y m^<Ua; 

i£gen renunsia y chat-jinefi^griie. 
able, adj.: — gu^f-Uoj gai-ninSsifia. 
able-bodied, adj.: — ^mfitgot; robusto. 



abolish, v. tr.; to dismiss; to revoke; to 
countermand; to withdraw: — jClajxg; 
deroga. 

abominable, adj.; cursed: — ^iafi^^on; 
matdisido. 

above all, adv.; at first; for the present: — 
mOna; ya-julol6. 

abridge, v. tr.; to cut short; to accele- 
rate: — ^nft-ca,''dadft; nft-la-'gusd; nlL-la- 
diquiquJ. 

abrupt^odf;., adv.; sudden: — derepentej 
enseguidas. 

absence, n.: — tina'^igiie. 

absent-xxdnded, adj.^ advj distracted: — 
distraido; ja^'malefa. 

absent, adj.: — taigiie. 

abscess, n.; wound; defect; sore: — 
chetnot. 

abstinence, n.; diet; continence; tem- 
perance: — dhinemft; chom4. 

abstinence, n.; temperance; conti- 
nence: — continfinaia. 



(33) 



abundance 



34 



advice 



abundance, n.; profusion; plenty; super- 
fluity; overflow: — -abundausia; ina- 
bund^nsia; minegae. 
abuse, n./ invective:— Hnetgue-finijd; 

mattrato; insuttd; despresio. 
abuse J v. ir.; to despise: — deBpreaia; 

mattrata; mattetsio; na-mattetsio. 
abyss, n.; gulf; hell; precipice: — can tit; 

sasaldguan ; tina^if ondo . 
accelerate, v. tr.; to hurry; to speed 

on: — ap^a; n&-magi. . 
accident, n.; untoward event; unlooked- 
for happening: — acsidente; deagrasia. 
accidentcd, adj., adv.; casual; fortui- 
tous: — acsidfintemente; ti-majasngon. 
acGonunodate, v. fr.;— ajusta; ni-a- 

Bentado; n^-aya. _ 

accompany, v. ir.; to escort: — gUchong- 

fi&ijon; osgaijon. 
accompanixnent, n.; escort; convoy: — 

accompaflamiento; inesgMJon. 
accompHsli, v. tr.; to reach; to obtain; 

to attain: — consigue; cumple. 
accoxnplishxaent, n.; realization: — 

quinensigue; quinimple. 
accordeon, n.: — atnidnico; acotdi6n; 

jatmonica. 
accounting, n.; bill: — cuenta; dibe. 
accounting (to hold an accounting), 
V. tr.; to call to account:-~gagaucueata. 
accumulate, v. tr.; amass; to store up; 

to lieap up: — fSL-moat6n. 
accursed, adj.; cursed: — ^matdisido; 

matdito. 
accurate, adj., adv.; precise; exact; 

strict: — estricto; ti-la'lache. 
accurate, adj.^ adv.; exact: — cab&les; 

ma^jet; umaya. 
accuse, v. tr.; to charge some one with: — 

faailS.; jogse; sogne.^ 
accustom, v. tr.: — acustumbra; nS,- 
payon (from pay on, to become ac- 
customed to). 
Acid, n: — ^minaHr'^gsom; dsido. 
acid, cdj.^ adv.; bitter; sour; — faileg. 
acquaintance, n.; — a''tungo. 
acquiesce, v. i.; to give one's sell up. — 

conf otm.an mslisa. 
acquiescence, n.; license; permission: — 

lia^nsia. 
acquiescence, n,; agreement; approv- 
al: — consentimiento. 
acquire, v. tr.; to procure by effort; to 

win by conquest: — conquista; logra. 
acquisition, n.;— guinana. 
acquit, v. tr.; to absolve; to declare free; 
to release; to pronounce not guilty: — 
nSr-Ubre; sotta. 
acre, rt..* — acre, 
across, prep.: — desde un banda asta y 

otro banda. 
act, n.; action; deed; creature; work: — 

finatinaB. 
act the spy, v. i.; to spy:— faininug; 

piirti cfipian socrcto. 
active, adj., adv.: — Hsto; masaj^at. 
actual, adj., adv,:—^o\ papgoagoja. 



acumen, n.;— guin6filo; inaciididog. 

acute, adj., adv.; ingenious; sensible: — 
didog jinaaofia; lucho. 

adapt, V. fr..— ajusta; aregla; fUmauleg. 

add, V, tr.; to append; to add to something 
already said:— afi.§-de; n^Ue; nS,ye. 

add up, V. tr.; to sum up: — suma. 

adder, n.; viper; asp: — blbora; culebla. 

addition, n.: — sumar; aumento. 

adequate, adj.: — ajustao; sufiaiente; 
umaya. 

adhere, v. tr.; to stick fast: — ^umetnon; 
chiton. 

adhere , v. L; to stick fast: — ^uma'cheton. 

adjaceiit, adj.; close to: — jijot. 

administer, v. tr.; to manage: — go- 
bietnaj manea; setbe jafa na empleo. 

admiral, n.: — admirante. 

admire, v. tr.;^ to regard with strong ap- 
proval: — estima; n^-manman. 

admire, v, %.; to regard one's self high- 
ly: — estima; ma''nman. 

admirable, adj., adv.; delicate; liverly; 
vivacious; elegant: — airoso; elegante; 
ta''iparejo, 

admit, v. tr.; to allow; to let come to 
pass: — admite. 

admonish, v. tr.; to advise; to caution; to 
stimulate; to preach: — ^adbiette; cuca; 

P^g^t* . ... 

admonition, n.; exhortation:— abiso; 

iniidbiette. 
adopt (as one's own child), v. tr.; to 
select:— adopta; ga'nye. 

adore, v. tr.; to worship; to love passion- 
ately: — ^adora. 

adorn, v, tr.; to decorate; to embel- 
lish:— ado tna; dumudus. 

adornment, n.; ornament; embellish- 
ment: — inadotnaj adotno. 

adrift, adj., adv.; floating at random: — 
mumaya; mdmS,ya. 

adult, n.; one grown up to full size: — 
6sta tfi,otao, {or §sta palS-uan) tda. 

advance! inter j.; onward! — adelantal 
sigue m6na! 

advance, v. %.; to improve; to make 
progress; to prosper; to thrive: — ade- 
fanta; adelantao. 

advance, v, %.; to precede: — ^na-fdna. 

advantage, n.; gain; revenue; yi|ld: — 
probecno. 

advantageous , adj. , adv . :— -n^-'ade- 
lantao; na-gai-probecho. 

advent, n.: — adbiento; i-ijijot; finato. 

adventure, n.:— inariesga; sinesede. 

adversary, n.; opponent :~contr&rio; 
encmigo. 

adverse, adj,, adv.; offensive; loath- 
some: — atcontrario; chuchug. 

adversity, n.; untoward event; unex- 
pected circumstance:— contrario; eni- 
migo; desgrdsia. 

advertise, ' v. ir.: — atan; iitituye 
iidbiette; filiHcn. 

advice, n.; admonition: — inadbiette. 



advise 



35 



ambidexterous 



advise, v. fr.:— aconseja. 

advisor, n,; councillor: — c onaejero; 

a^'aconseja. 
advocate, n.; lawyer; one who speaks 
for another; intercessor; favorer: — 
abo^ao. 
aeronaut, n.: — aeroriauta; piloton ilire. 
aeroplane, n.; — ^batcon aire, 
affair, n,; concern; matter: — causa, 
affected, adj.^ adv.; elegant; foppiah: — 

chach&. 
affection, n.; pr-^ference: — guinaiya. 
affectionate, adj., adv,;^ well disposed 

toward some one: — arimao; chijit. 
affirm, v. tr.: — a&txna. 
a£9ict, V. tr.; press; clasp; oppress: — 

aprieta. 
affame, adj., adv.; in flames; ablaze:— 

maflimld,. 
afloat, adj., adv.; floating; adrift:— 

m§,ya; mimaya. 
afraid, adj., adv.; timid; faint-hearted; 

fearful: — cobatde; ma§,''nao. 
afresh, a(fi;.;a^in;anew: — tS,lo; renueba. 
aft, adj., adv.; toward the stern of the 

ship: — s&ntate gui batco. 
after, adj.; next; subsequent: — deapu6s. 
afternoon, n.: — ^pupue^&ue. 
again, adv.; once more; back again: — 
taio. ^ 

against, prep.: — contra; yan. 
age, 71.; — edad. 
age, V. i.; to become old, or childish: — 

cumaduco. 
agency, n.; — ^nia]6guentS.taye. 
agent, n.: — ^nxanguent&taye; bentero. 
aggravate, v. tr.; to intensify: — 
aumenta; case; catgaye; n^-bubo; 
nli-limacat. 
agile, adj., adv.; quick; prompt: — 

cha^dig. 
agitated, v. i.; to be agitated by a 

violent passion: — cuca; n^-pinillala. 
ago, ad[/,; gone; past: — apmam; abmam; 

mapos. 
agony, n.; pangs of death: — agonias; 

piniidese. ^ 

ag^ee, v. i.: — um-H-tungo; um&con- 

fotmc. 
agree to, v. tr.; to assent; to concede: — 

consede; confotme, 
agreeable, adj., adv.; obliging; pleas- 
ing: — agradable; n§,'-magof. 
agreenxent,n./ consent : — quinenf otme; 

{na — masof) qiiinensiente. 
aground, adj., adv.; stranded (a ship); — 

dochon gui tan6; ogiln. 
ah! interj.: — ja! ih! 
aid, V. tr.; to protect; to patronize; to 

favor; — ayuda; fiiborese. 
air, V. tr.; to ventilate: — ^nll-guiuaife; 

nS,-6manglo. 
air, n.; ventilation: — aire, 
airship, n.; steerable balooii: — ^batcon 

aire. 
alarm, n.; tumuU; disturbance; bustle; 
wrangling; strife: — abiso. 



albeit, cmj.; although; though; notwith- 
standing that: — achog; a'chogja. 

alembic, n.; vessel for dietillation:— 
cM.tderon manestila;- filnestilayan. 

alert, adj,, adv.; brisk; quick: — ^milc- 
alamya. 

alien, n.; foreign-born; resident: — es- 
tranjero; tdotao juyoiig. 

alike, odj.; resembling; united: — parejo. 

alimentary canal, n,: — giietgUero. 

alive, adj., adv,; vivacious; full of life: — 

mia. 

all, indef. pron., pron. adj.; entire: — 

todo. 

allege, v. tr.; to affirm; to assert: — 
afitma; defiende jafa na rason. 

allegiance, n.; fidelity to a country, a 
cause, or person: — cum^lido gui ni&- 
gasna; ti-finabiiba; ti-triniiidute. 

alleviate, v. tr.; to quiet; to relieve: — n&- 
aUbi&o; n§,-la'-magoi^. 

alleviation, n.; mitigation; easing; re- 
lief: — ailbio; descanso. 

alliance, n.; bond; — aliansa; inetnon. 

allow, V ,tr,; to permit; to consent: — con- 
slente; petmite. 

all right, orfu.:— m4uleg. 

ally, n.; confederate: — ^inetnon. 

all together! mter;..— todos gufgui- 

allure, v. tr., v. i.; to entice: — tienta; 

n§,-qucmalag6. 
aim, n.: — ^limoMia. 
Almighty, n.; the omnipotent God: — 

Todoj&nlUuila. 
almost, adv.; nearly- but little was lack- 
ing:— cana; ca^nSJa. 
almost, adv.; nearly: — casi. 
almost light, n.; dawn: — can^ manelna. 
alone, cdj., adv.; single; by itself: — 

asolas; mkiisa. 

alone, adv.; only: jH (suffix). 

along, adv.; along with: — yan- (prefix). 

alphabet, n.: — atfabeto. 

also, adj., adv.; too; besides: — contodo; 

locu§. 
altar, n.: — attat. 
altar of incense, n.: — attat y paupau 

(also written: paopao) sija. 
alteration, n.; mutation; variation; 

shift: — ^yinilang; tinilaica. 
altitude, n.; height:— altur a; linecsl. 
always, arfi).;— siempre. 
amass, v. tr.; to heap up; to join: — 

amontona; na-etnon, 
amassed, p. adj.; piled up; hoarded; 

cumulated: — ^numfi,'-etnon; numl,'- 

monton, 
amaze, v. tr.; to confound or stun with 

fear; to astonish: — jongang. 
amaze, v. i.'; to be amazed; to be stunned 

with fear: — majngang^ 
ambassador, n.: — embajad6t. 
anxbldexterous, adj., adv.: — faiayina; 

todojS. ja julat umiitiende; todojd y doa 

canai fiifayifia. 



ambulaiice 



36 



axnbulance, n.:— car©t6n para ma- 
la^o pat pSra ayudon laalad^o 
taigtlije yan guaja guera. 
ambuah, n.: — jinigttef; einboscada. 
amenable, adj.; easy to lead; Bubmis- 

sive : — oagon. 
Amexican, n.: — americano. 
amiable, adj., adv.; lovely:— amable; 

gofliiyon. 
andableness, n.: — minamis. 
amicable, adj.\ friendly; peaceable:— 

ta^ladisgusto ; timlmumo. 
amid, prep.; among; between: — Sntald; 

entre. . 

amiss, adj.; wrong; faulty:— i8ao;laclie. 
ancLong, prep., adv.; amongst; amidst: — 

entre; ^ntald. 
amour, n.; love affair (^also lover, or 

gallant):— a'gruaiya; giiinaiyii. 
ai^ple, adj.; full; abundant: — abuna- 

anaia; auffisiente. 
amuse, v. tr., v. i.; to entertam; to^alk; 
to say; to utter; to speak:— adingan; 
adiiilJiine; entretiene. 
amusing, adj., adi).; ludicrous:— na- 

chalig. 
anatomy, n.: — estudion tataotao. 
ancestors, pn. I.: — mailSina. 
anchor, n.;— angda. 
anchor, v. tr.; to throw out the achor: — 

sotta y angcla. 
anchor, v. i.; to lay at anchor:- ma- 

angda, 
anchor, v. %.; to come to anchor: — 

a£&cla; ma-aiigcla. _^ 

inctLoring grounds, n.: — angcla; 

fanafigcUvan, 
ancient, adj., adv.; old: — antigo. 
and, conj.: — ^yan. _ 

anecdote, n.; brief narrative of enter- 
taining character: — eat6ria, 
angel, n.: — afigjet {plural, ^.figJeieB). 
anger, n.; bitterness:- binibo; escftn- 

dalo; linalal6. 
angry, adj.; provoked: — ^bubo; lalalo. 
animal, n.: — gd,g&. 
animal, orf;., adv.; bestial; brutisn: — 

^e^j iyon. 
anmhilate, v. tr.; to destroy :—deBtrosa; 

n4-falii^o. 
anniversary, n.;— anibets&rio; cumple 

anos, ^ , , ,. , 

annoujace, v. tr.; to herald; to publian:— 
antlnsia. 

announcement, n.; pubhc notice; proc- 
lamation: — ^bando. 

announce, v. tr.; to publish; to pro- 
claim :—bandonftaijon. 

annoy, v. tr.; to molest: — joroba; 
mol^stia; ni-cha'tsaga. 

annoyance, n.; molestation; — jineroba; 
mineU'Stia. 

annoying, adj., adv.; troublesome:— 
jfjoroba; mlmolestia. 

annual, adj.; yearly:— ca4a s&can. 



annul, v. tr./to make void; to abolish:— 

ix&-tafbale* 
another, arf?',;— otro. 
anomalous, adj.; irregular: — echong. 
answer, v. tr.; to re^ly: — contesta. 
ant, n.: — otdot. 
ant fly, 7i.:—betmiyon. 
anteroom, n,; waiting room: — ante- 

cUmara; clasencudrto (a kind of room). 
antiquity, n.; great age: — ^b i n i j o; 

inabman;inantigo; tdotao m6na. (This 

is also the name of the much-feared 

spirit of (juam, ' 'the man of antiquity. ") 
anvil, n.;— yungque. 
anxious, adj., adv.; scrupulous:— 

cha^chatjinaso; escrupuloso; lulujan; 

pinalalala. 
any, adj.; any— soever:- algun 



anyone, pron.; whosoever :-^uatqui6t; 
cuatqufera or cuatquieraj§.. 

apart, adv.; aside: — apatte. 

apart from that, adv.; besides; more- 
over: — ^adem&s. 

ape, n.; monkey: — ^m.aching. 

aperture, n.; opening; hole; cavity:— 
abettura; atbettura. 

apiary, n.; beehouse;— sagan obeja. 

apologize, v. tr.; to express regrets: — 
gagao asf-i. 

apology, n.: — guinag'ao asi-i. 

apostle, n.;— ap6stoles. 

apparent, adj.y adv.; seeming: — cado. 

appear, v. %.; to make appearance:— 
fato; jdingue. _ 

appearance, n.; vision: — ^mui; ma-m. 

appease, v. tr.; to calm; to compose; to 
pacify:— na-famatquilo; n^magof. 

appeased, adj.; assuaged:— aplacao; 

mand-magof; or nini-mS-gof. 
append, v. tr.; to attach:— n&ye; n^yo 

guato. 
appendix, n.: — ^inaflade. 
appetite, n./desire; inclination:— ganas. 

apple, n.: — ^mansana. 
applicant, n.:— y manaplflica. 
application, n.; utilization; dihgence:— 

apUcasidn. 
apply, V. tr.; to apply a warm poultice:— 

bentosa. 
applying chastisement, v. tr., v. i.; 

to wield the rod:— nft-b^lembau y 

l&tigo; latigaso. . ^ « 4. 

appoint, 1;. tr.; to determine; to fix; to 

intend; to design; to direct; to order:— 

destina. 
appointment, n.;—tinag6. . 

appreciate, v. tr.; to value:— agradese; 

gue^men; tasa. 
apprehension, n.; anger; vexation:— 

minajalang; pesadumbre; bimbo, 
apprehensive, adj., adv.; cowardly; 

timorous : — dkfij^ufi . 
apprentice, n.: — aprendls. 
approach, v. tr.; to draw nearer:— 

^Ijit; Bubida, 



37 



at 



approach, n.: — subida. 

approbation., n; sanction : — aprob asi6n. 

appropriate, v. tr.; to appropriate 

something not one's own; to tafce for 

one's own something belonging to 

another or others: — chengle; chi- 

nengle. 
approval, n.; acquiescence; agreement: — 

consentimleiito . 
approve, v. tr.; to assent to; to allow: — 

aprueba. 
April, n.: — abril; lumuj^i. 
apron, n.: — ^bagai; tapis: 
arable, adj.; fit for the plow: — aladuyon; 

aina ma alado. 
arbor, n.: — enranaada. 
arch (of a building, or of the bow), n.: — 

a^'tcos. 
arched, adj.: — ^mam&-a''tcos. 
arch of victory, n.: — a''tcos guinana. 
archangel, n.: — ate&ngjeles. 
archbiBhop, n,: — atsobispo. 
architectj'w.; — y mam§.titinas planon 

guma. 
archive, n.: — atchibo. 
ardent, adj,, adv,; eager; zealous: — 

enxpefiao; empenoso. 
argue, v. i.; to debate: — atgiiir, 
argument, n.; controversy: — inagua- 

guat; ras<5n. 
arid, adj.; dry; barren: — angld. 
arise, v. i.; to "rise; to get up:— na-cajul6. 
ark (of the covenant; Noah's), n.:— 

atca. 
arm, n,; hand: — canai. 
armchair, n.: — siyan gai-canai. 
armament, n.; equipment (military):— 

atiuadura; traates guera. 
armor, n.; cuirass:- raagagon lulog 

para macubre y tataotao yan guaja 

mimo. 
armpit, n.: — af&f&. 
arms, n.: — -atmas; canae. 
army, n.; host: — ^millsia; ej^taito. 
arouse, v, tr.; to wake up; to awake: — 

pangon. 
arrange, v. tr., v. i.; to order; to prepare; 

to make ready; to dispose: — axegla; 

dispone. 
arrange, v. tr,; to arrange proportion- 
ately :—na-chilo^. 
arrange, v. tr.; to set in order; to try on; 

to settle (a loan):— ajusta, 
arrange, v. tr.; to inaugurate; to estab- 
lish; to introduce: — eatablese; planta. 
arrangement, n.; management; order; 

disposition: — aregjlo; inencatga. 
arrest, v. tr.; to seize: — areata, 
arrival, n,: — ^jBLnHto. 
arrive, v. i.; to appear: — ^fato. 
arrowi n.:— -flecha. 
artful, adj,; cunning: — ja-tufi&o 

umatte. 
article of faith, n.: — attlculon jln- 

e^gue. 
artificial, adj,, a <f v.:— imnfi-juyofig 

taotao. 



ascension of Christ, 71.: — asensidn. 
ascension (assumption) of Mary, the 

Virgin, n.;— asunsien. 
ashamed, adj.y adv.; shamefaced: — 

xnamailau ^mamajlao). 
ashanied, v. t.; to be ashamed: — ^mama- 

ilau. 
ashes, n.; cinders; embers; — apo; senisa, 
ask, V. tr., v. t.;— fa'iaen; gagau. 
aak alms, v. i.; to beg: — gagau. 
aak, V. tr., v. i.; to interrogate; to ques- 
tion;— fa^isen. 
aslant, adj., adv.; awry; sloping; ob- 
lique; — eguing; eguen^. 
as, adv.; like as; such as: — calSn. 
aspersion, n,; slander; defamation: — 

enredos; inadfi,. 
assail, v. tr.; to attack; to fall upon 

(applies especially to an attack of 

many upon one): — agogiiiye. 
assail, v. tr., v. %,; to seize; to attack; to 

revolt; to rebel; to mutiny: — embeste. 
assembled, adj.; chinichili; umiichull. 
assembly, n.; group; society: — inetnon; 

junta. 
assent, v. tr.; to agree to; to concede: — 

consede. 
assert, v, tr.; to maintain: — ^nlL-dafid.; 

na-asigura. 
assimilate, v. tr.; to absorb: — ^nSt-a^yS.; 

nS^parejo. 
assist, V. i,; to help; to succor; to be of 

ser vie e : — asis t# . 
assist, V. i.; to give advice; to counsel: — 

aconseja. 
aa soon as, conj.; so soon as: — asi que; 

enseguidas que. 
as soon as possible, adv.: — cuanto 

antes, 
assort, V, tr.; to classify: — n^-a'disa- 

patta y clase; ut dlferentes clase. 
assuage, v. tr.; to appease; to soothe; 

to calm; to make gentle:— apaaigua, 
assuaged, adj.; appeased; — aplacao. 
assume, v. tr.; to take for granted; — 

chulS pot man&e pat (or) pot mata,- 

g6; chul4 pot banidd. 
assumption, n.;- — ^binanidoao. 
assure"^ v. tr.; to make sure or certain:— 

ni-fltme; nll-meton; n^-seguro. 



asthma, n.;-~guja; ja^-gujii. 
asthmatic, arfi-* — ia-'-eoiia. 

stounded, 

manman. 



asthmatic, oj^.: — ja-'-guja. 
astounded, adj.y adv.; wondering: 



aaunder, adv.:— las. jlog; umaMesapatta. 

as "well . . . aa also . . . : — tanto . . . 
como ... 

aa well aa,oon/.; aa also; so as: — aai co- 
mo* 

at (at 11 o'clock): — a (a laa onse). 

at first, adv.; for the first; above all; 
for the present: — mdna. 

athwart, adj.; crosswise; oblique; — 
6pagat; crua; umencrds. 

at laat; finally: — pot fin. 

at leaat, adv.; at any rate:-^siquiera. 

at leisure, adj,, adv.: — osioso. 



at 



38 



at my expense: — ^m gastoco. 
atone J v, ir.; to expiate; to make repara- 
tion; to give satisfaction; to pay; to 

reconcile: — apase; empas. 
atouement, n,; penance; — ^penitfinsia. 
at once, adv.: — ensegiiidas. 
at one time ... at another time .... 

guaja nai . . . g^uaja nai ... 
attach^ V. ir.; to fasten; to connect with;— 

Ssegura; n4-cheton; n3>-fitme; uama- 

gajet; nameton. 
attack, V. ir.: — qu6-julat. 
attack (especially an attack of sickness; 

a shock; a fit), n.: — achag^ue; ataque. 
attack suddezLly, v. tr,; to surprise (the 

enemy); to penetrate: — ^^atm,e. 
attack, V. ir,^ v, i.; to assail; to seize; to 

revolt; to rebel; to mutiny: — embeste. 
attack, V. tr.; to take hold of; to press in 

(example, to press a cork into the 

bottle); to cleave a way through: — 

jofi6; tugofig. 
attack of cra^nps, n.; — calami©, 
attain, r. tr., v. i.; to reach; to seize 

(with the hand); to grasp: — gH^chk; 

tiica. 
attempt, v. tr.; to try :— chague; ensayo; 

tienta. 
attend, v. tr.; accompany: — g,compaila; 

atiende. 
attendance, n.; presence: — guinaigue; 

presensia; sanmena, 
attention, n.: — atensi6n; inatiende; 

inatituye. 
attorney, n. — abogao. 
attribute, v. tr.; to rate; to put down to 

some one's account; tc lay the responai- 

bility of ... on some one: — achaca. 
auction, 7i.;^-atmoneda. 



audacious, adj., adv.; insolent; bold; — 

descarao; saguat. 
audible, adj.; capable of being heard: — 

ecungucon; jui^ucon. 
August, 71.; — agosto; te^^jos. 
aunt, n.: — tfa. 
auspicious, adj.^ adv.; well disposed; 

favorable: — faboxable. 
automobile, n.: — calesan sin g&g&; 

automobit. 
avarice, n.; cupidity: — codfsia; linatga. 
avaricious, ad^,, adv.; envious; grudg- 
ing: — chattau; latga. 
avenge, v. tr.; to exact retribution for; to 

revenge ; — emog. 
average, n.;^-inacompara; pot todo; 

totat. 
aviary, n,; inclosure for keeping birds: — 

sagan p&jaxo. 
aviator, n.; — ^pilotoa aire, 
avoid, V. tr. — sujaye. 
avoid (to avoid sin), v. tr.; to turn out of 

the way; to evade: — ebita. 
awake (to awake the reason): — des- 

pabila. 
awaken, v. tr.; to wake up: — ^fagmata. 
award, v. tr.; to adjudge; to bestow: — 

jusga. 
away I interj.; out of the. way with it! — 

Bujal 
awful, adj., adv.; solemn; dreadful:— 

nama&flao. 
awe, n.; reverential fear: — ^mina&fiao. 
awl, n..*— alesna. 
awry, adj., adv.; sloping; oblique; 

aslant:- — egueng; eguii%. 
axe, n.: — ach.a; gachai. 
axis (of a wagon), n.: — eje. 



B. 



babble, r. i.; to prattle:— cumuentos. 

babbler, n.: — ga-cumuentos. 

baby, n.: — nene. 

bachelor, n.: — sottero. 

back, n.: — tatal6, 

backbone, n.; spine: — espinaso. 

backwards, adv.: — janS-otate; de 

buelta. 
bad, adv., adj.; e\il; wicked; mischiev- 

ous;- camten; ta'ilaye. 
bad example, n.;— mtal ejemplo. 
bad spirit, n.: — chat-ante. 
bag, «.; pocket: — botsa. 
bail, I. tr.; to insure; to improve; to 

make good an assertion; to give credit: — 

ab6na; apd.i!e; ni-magajet; nfi.-l6rmauleg. 
bail,n.;8ecurity; warranty: — ^fiansa; finia. 
bait, n..—catnada; pugue. 
bait, V. tr.; to allure: — catnadaye; 

mojrao; pugue. 
bake, v. tr.; to bake in a pan; to fry, 

without fat: — aflito; ua-tosta. 
bake, v. tr.; to bake or fry too well; to 

burn in frying: — quemado; ni-gudf- 

aflito. 



baker, n.;— panadero. 

baking oven, n.; oven; hearth: — jotno. 

balance, n.; perfect equality of two 

^weights; equipoise; equilibrium: — 

china'-ufigag. 
balance, t'. tr.; to make equal: — achS,''- 

ungag. 
balcony, n.; porch: — batc6n, 
bald, adj.; bare:— d^gneas; gisgas. 
baidhead, n.; — catbo; dagiTgae. 
bald spot (on the head), n..— dinagfigas. 
ball (rifle ball), n.;— bala. 
ballast, n.; — lastre. 
balloon, n.: — lobo. 
balm, n.: — ^b&tsamo; dinichoso; mina- 

gong; quinensuela. 
balm, ^'. £r.,*to embalm: — ^niye b&taamo. 
balmy , adj.: — n S. - j o in 1 o ; n£l-magof ; 

paupau (also written: paopao)* 
balsam, n.: — amat^oao. 
balsam, n.: embalmin,<j; fluid: — ^b&tsamo, 
bamboo,* n.; reod; cane: — cubo; piau 

(also, pfao). 
bamboo pipe, n.; roed pipe: — chigandd 

pfau. 



at 



38 



at my expense: — ^m gastoco. 
atone J v, ir.; to expiate; to make repara- 
tion; to give satisfaction; to pay; to 

reconcile: — apase; empas. 
atouement, n,; penance; — ^penitfinsia. 
at once, adv.: — ensegiiidas. 
at one time ... at another time .... 

guaja nai . . . g^uaja nai ... 
attach^ V. ir.; to fasten; to connect with;— 

Ssegura; n4-cheton; n3>-fitme; uama- 

gajet; nameton. 
attack, V. ir.: — qu6-julat. 
attack (especially an attack of sickness; 

a shock; a fit), n.: — achag^ue; ataque. 
attack suddezLly, v. tr,; to surprise (the 

enemy); to penetrate: — ^^atm,e. 
attack, V. ir,^ v, i.; to assail; to seize; to 

revolt; to rebel; to mutiny: — embeste. 
attack, V. tr.; to take hold of; to press in 

(example, to press a cork into the 

bottle); to cleave a way through: — 

jofi6; tugofig. 
attack of cra^nps, n.; — calami©, 
attain, r. tr., v. i.; to reach; to seize 

(with the hand); to grasp: — gH^chk; 

tiica. 
attempt, v. tr.; to try :— chague; ensayo; 

tienta. 
attend, v. tr.; accompany: — g,compaila; 

atiende. 
attendance, n.; presence: — guinaigue; 

presensia; sanmena, 
attention, n.: — atensi6n; inatiende; 

inatituye. 
attorney, n. — abogao. 
attribute, v. tr.; to rate; to put down to 

some one's account; tc lay the responai- 

bility of ... on some one: — achaca. 
auction, 7i.;^-atmoneda. 



audacious, adj., adv.; insolent; bold; — 

descarao; saguat. 
audible, adj.; capable of being heard: — 

ecungucon; jui^ucon. 
August, 71.; — agosto; te^^jos. 
aunt, n.: — tfa. 
auspicious, adj.^ adv.; well disposed; 

favorable: — faboxable. 
automobile, n.: — calesan sin g&g&; 

automobit. 
avarice, n.; cupidity: — codfsia; linatga. 
avaricious, ad^,, adv.; envious; grudg- 
ing: — chattau; latga. 
avenge, v. tr.; to exact retribution for; to 

revenge ; — emog. 
average, n.;^-inacompara; pot todo; 

totat. 
aviary, n,; inclosure for keeping birds: — 

sagan p&jaxo. 
aviator, n.; — ^pilotoa aire, 
avoid, V. tr. — sujaye. 
avoid (to avoid sin), v. tr.; to turn out of 

the way; to evade: — ebita. 
awake (to awake the reason): — des- 

pabila. 
awaken, v. tr.; to wake up: — ^fagmata. 
award, v. tr.; to adjudge; to bestow: — 

jusga. 
away I interj.; out of the. way with it! — 

Bujal 
awful, adj., adv.; solemn; dreadful:— 

nama&flao. 
awe, n.; reverential fear: — ^mina&fiao. 
awl, n..*— alesna. 
awry, adj., adv.; sloping; oblique; 

aslant:- — egueng; eguii%. 
axe, n.: — ach.a; gachai. 
axis (of a wagon), n.: — eje. 



B. 



babble, r. i.; to prattle:— cumuentos. 

babbler, n.: — ga-cumuentos. 

baby, n.: — nene. 

bachelor, n.: — sottero. 

back, n.: — tatal6, 

backbone, n.; spine: — espinaso. 

backwards, adv.: — janS-otate; de 

buelta. 
bad, adv., adj.; e\il; wicked; mischiev- 

ous;- camten; ta'ilaye. 
bad example, n.;— mtal ejemplo. 
bad spirit, n.: — chat-ante. 
bag, «.; pocket: — botsa. 
bail, I. tr.; to insure; to improve; to 

make good an assertion; to give credit: — 

ab6na; apd.i!e; ni-magajet; nfi.-l6rmauleg. 
bail,n.;8ecurity; warranty: — ^fiansa; finia. 
bait, n..—catnada; pugue. 
bait, V. tr.; to allure: — catnadaye; 

mojrao; pugue. 
bake, v. tr.; to bake in a pan; to fry, 

without fat: — aflito; ua-tosta. 
bake, v. tr.; to bake or fry too well; to 

burn in frying: — quemado; ni-gudf- 

aflito. 



baker, n.;— panadero. 

baking oven, n.; oven; hearth: — jotno. 

balance, n.; perfect equality of two 

^weights; equipoise; equilibrium: — 

china'-ufigag. 
balance, t'. tr.; to make equal: — achS,''- 

ungag. 
balcony, n.; porch: — batc6n, 
bald, adj.; bare:— d^gneas; gisgas. 
baidhead, n.; — catbo; dagiTgae. 
bald spot (on the head), n..— dinagfigas. 
ball (rifle ball), n.;— bala. 
ballast, n.; — lastre. 
balloon, n.: — lobo. 
balm, n.: — ^b&tsamo; dinichoso; mina- 

gong; quinensuela. 
balm, ^'. £r.,*to embalm: — ^niye b&taamo. 
balmy , adj.: — n S. - j o in 1 o ; n£l-magof ; 

paupau (also written: paopao)* 
balsam, n.: — amat^oao. 
balsam, n.: embalmin,<j; fluid: — ^b&tsamo, 
bamboo,* n.; reod; cane: — cubo; piau 

(also, pfao). 
bamboo pipe, n.; roed pipe: — chigandd 

pfau. 



bamboo rod 



39 



become 



bamboo rod, n.; rod:— piau; piao. 
baniboo receptacle (used in carrying 

the juice of the cocoa palm, the tuba), 

n.: — ^bong-bong- fagot; also called ba- 

Jadot. 
banana (the ripe banana), n.: — ag^ 

(different kinds of bananas; aga dama; 

aga dedo; galayan; jalum tdno; jaya; 

manila; tanduque). 
banana plant (also the banana fruit, 

while green), n.: — chotda. 
banana plantation, n.: — faflot-dayan; 

monchon chotda, 
band, n.: — guede; tsinta. 
band, n.; orchestra of musicians: — 

capiya; banda. 
bandage (for any wound), n.: — ^b^e. 
bandage, v. tr.;' to take up:— b6e. 
bandit, n.: — ^bandolero; tuliean. 
banish, v. tr.; to exile; to drive out; to 

expel; to expel from the country:— 

destilado. 
bank, n.: — banco, 
banker, n.; money changer; exchanger: — 

banquero. 
bankrupt, . adj.: — ^insotbente; quiebra. 
bankruptcy, n.;— flnaliiago; minafag, 
banner, n.; flag: — ^bandera. 
baptism, n.: — ^bautismo; |;inagpangue. 
baptize, v. tr.; to christen: — tagpangue. 
bar, 71.; long piece of wood or metal: — 

bar eta; barote. 
bar, V. tr.; to bolt; to bolt the door: — 

tranca; trangca; chomSi. 
barb ed wire, n , : — alamlen t^tuclt. 
barbarian, n.: — ^bS-tbaro (Spanish); y 

bruto: bastos; t^ilaye yan malamana 

na taotao. 
barbarous, adj., adv.; cruel; terrible; 

dreadful; fierce: — ^na-maAilao; tdilaye. 
barber, n.: — ^batbero. 
bare, adj.; bald: — catbo; dagngas. 
bark n.; barque; three-masted sailing 

vessel: — ^batco; modong. 
barking (of a dog), n.; — j&u JS-u {also: 

j&o j&o). 
bark, v. i,; to bellow; to howl: — ^j&ujau. 
barley, n.: — sebada. 
barometer, n.: — ^bar6nietro. 
barracks, n.; quarters: — cuattel. 
barrel, n.; cask; — ^barilea. 
barren, adj.; unfruitful:— ohS't-tano; ti 

fafailago, 
barren, adj.^ adv.; dry; arid; destitute of 

moisture: — afiglo. 
barter, v. %.; to trade: — ^nA-atulaica; 

tulaica. 
base, n.; foundation: — ^basa; fondo; 

yapapapa. 
base, adj.t adv.; abject; vile; mean- 
spirited :--despresiao; ta^gpapA; tii- 

setbe. 
base man, n.; a vile man: — jen^an; 

tdiliiye; traid6t. 
basin, n.,* circular vessel for holding 

Vv'^ater; wash basin: — ^palonggana. 



basket, n.: — canAstro or canastra. 
basket (of large size; made of fiber), n.: — 

chiucubite. 
basket (local name for a small basket 

carried on the back), n.; — cheop. 
basket (made from cocoa-palm leaves; 

not very durable), n.: — ala (the same, 

but doubled, n., alan togtog). 
basket (for victuals), n.: — costat-teng- 

guang. 
basketwork, n.; braided work; — finilag; 

tinifog. 
bass, n.; bass voice: — bajo. 
bass viol, n.; double bass: — beol6n. 
basting thread, n.; — Jilon chotda. 
bat (in the vernacular called the flying 

dog), n.;— faniji. 
bath, 71.; — ba£Lo. 
bathe, v.lr.,v. i.; to take a bath: — 6niag; 

masupog. 
bathroom, n.: — ^bafto. 
bathtub, n.; — ^bafio; fandmagan; tina 

para um6mag. 
battalion (a body of infantry), n.;— 

batayon. 
battery, n.: — ^bateria. 
battle, n.: — ^bataya. 
battle, V. %.: to quarrel: — ^mumo. 
bay, n.;— bajiaj bocana (5j).); finftgudg- 

8al6; tase; tasi. 
beach, 71.; seashore; — Inai; oriyan tasi. 
beak, n.: — ^pfco. 

be alike, v. ir.; to happen simultaneous- 
ly: — ^parejo; umaya, 
beans, n.; — abichuelas. 
bear, v. ir.; to give birth to; to bring 

forth: — faliago; n^-juyufig. 
bear, n.: — oso. 
bear in mind, v. tr., v. i,; to remember: — 

jasayaijon; jaso; jinasoniiaijon. 
bearded, adj.: — g&l-batbas. 
beardless, adj.: — depots! t&ibatbas; 

lampiiio. 
beat, V, tr.: — doiagdong; julat; tutu, 
beat, V. tr.; to chastise: — s&ulag. 
beat, V. tr.; to beat on the head: — 

dacot. 
beat, v.- tr.; to pound: — don^-do^; 

tutu, 
beat, V. %.; to make mellow; to make 

tender: — ^achS,. 
beat, V. tr.; to wound: — Xiamen; nS,- 

lamen. 
beat soundly, v. tr.; to cudgel: — galute. 
beating, n . : — garotaso . 
beautiful, adj., adv.; handsome; pretty; 

neat; nice (speaking of girls): — bonita; 

gatbo; samai. 
beautify, v. tr.: — ^nS,-bonito; ni-gatbo, 
beautiful weather, n.: — g6f -jaine. 
because, prep.; on account of: — ^pot 

{Sp.)\ sa; si4mpre-sS,. 
be careful! interj.; care! beware I — 

adaje I cuidao! 
become angry, v. i.; to get angry: — 

bubo; caI6jS.; lalalo. 



become 



40 



bird 



become filled with mud (speaking of 
the harbor), v. i.; to sink (into the mud 
bottom of the lagoon): — ma-atasca. 

become old or childish, v. i.: — cuma- 
duco. 

become strong, v. %,; to' take root: — 
fumitme; man-jal§. 

becomings, adj.; seemly; proper: — 
chuxoilong; propio; um3,ya. 

bed, n.: — c&ma. 

bed, V, i.; to lay stretched out in 
bed: — &9on. 

bed, V. %,; to lay down on the bed: — 

&S011. 

bed, V. i.; to go to bed: — fison. 
bedbug, n.: — chdnche. 

bed frame, n.;— cfi-tre. 
bed sheets, n.; coVerlet; sheet: — 
s&baxxas. 

bee, n.: — abeja. 

beet, n.: — cato.en-g:uac&; gu^cS.. 
beer, n.: — setbesa. 
beeswax, n,: — dai^ues-abeja; sera, 
beetle, n.: — gS^git. tMgiiiji y p&pagpag. 
befall, V. i.; to happen: — jotgue; 

susede. 
before, adv., prep.; in front: — antes de; 

antes que; mdna; m^na. 
begr, V. tr.; to entreat: — supUca (Sp.); 

wyuyut. 
beg, V. i.; to ask alms: — umdgagau 

{also: umSgagao). 
beggar, n.;— gftgagau; yum^agau 

lemosna. 
begin, v. tr.; to start; to commence: — 

ma-tutujon; ttitujon; tutujune. 
begone 1 inter j.; go away! — ^unjanaol 
behave, v, tr., v. %.; to conduct one's 

self; to demean: — cldaje; manea. 
behave I interj.: — quieto 1 
behead, v. tr.: — degUeya. 
behind, adv.; in rear of :— tUte; t^ten. 
being, n.; substance; matter;— gfliniya; 

jinILm; sustansla. 
be in debt, v. %.; to owe: — dibe; man- 

dibe. 
belated, adj., adv.: — atrasao; ma-di^o. 
belch, V, i.; to eructate: — ^fonton. 
belief, n.; faith:— fe; jine£g>gue. 
believe, v. tr.: — jonggue. 
believmg, adj., adv.; devout, true: — 

nLanjo:6^gue. 
beU, n.: — campana. 
bellow, V. i.; to howl; to bark; — j&ujau. 
bellows, n.: — ^fueyes. 
bell tower, n.; — campanayo, 
belly, n.; abdomen; stomach: — tfiyan; 

tfyan. 
belong to, v, %.; to pertain to: — iyon. 
beloved, adj.; dear: — ^ma-gofi£e; neiiS.. 
below, adv,; under; beneath:^gui papit; 

papH; san papd,. 
belt (for the waist), n.: — coreas; seneddt; 

Bintor6n. 
belt (leather strap holding the sandals), 

n.: — coreas doga; cotd6n. 
bemoan, ». i,; to grieve; to lament: — 

majidadgue; pinltiye; tdngse. 



bend, v. tr.; to curve; to make crooked: — 

d6bla; tecon. 
bend, v. %.; to bend down the body; — 

asd; mMg^. 
bend, v. tr.; to curve; also to touch with 

emotion; to move the feelings of: — 

gaom. 
benevolent, adj., adv.; well-meaning: — 

guef-tao; mangoflfe. 
bend over, v. tr.; to fold over; to bend 

the knees: — ddbla. 
bend the knees, v. i.; to kneel: — dimo. 
benign, adj., adv.; gracious; good; kind- 
hearted: — ^mauleg; yoas^. 
bent, adj., adv.; curved; crooked; also 

inclined to do wrong; forbidden: — 

echoiog; eclau; lllicd. 
berry, n.;— <liquiquS m6fgo na fruta 

na gae pepitas; tinegcha. 
berth, n.; sleeping place on board 

ship: — camarote gui batco. 
beside, adv.; in the proximity of; near 

to:^-canton; fion; gui fion; oriyan. 
besides, adv.; moreover; apart from 

that: — adem&s; fuera de. 
be silent, v. i.: — ^famHtquilo; pacaci. 
bespatter with mud, v. tr.: — ^n^-ca- 

fachd. 
best, adj.; most desirable: — mas- 

mduleg. 
bestial, adj., adv.; brutish; animal: — 

iyon g&gdr. 
bet, n.; wager :-~aposta. 
bet, v. tr., V. i.; to* wager: — aposta. 
betel leaf, n.: — ^populo. 
betra;^', v. tr.; to be untrue to; — ^f&baba; 

failajye; traidute. 
betrayal, n.; treason: — traisidn {Sp.); 

trinaidute. 
betray, v. tr.; to be treacherous to: — 

traldute. 
better, adj.: — ^maulegila. 
between, prep.; amid; among: — 6ntal6. 
beware 1 inter j.; he careful! — adajel 
beware^ v. %.; to have a care; to be 

attentive : — adaj e. 
bewitch, v. tr.; to cast a spell over: — 

cajnaye; ni-manman; n^-i^^LfigS,. 
beyond, prep.; on the farther side of: — 

gu4jiyong; sanjiyong; y otro banda. 
beyond measure, adj., adv.; superflu- 
ous: — demasiao. 
bible, 71.; — ^biblia; histdria sagrada. 
bicycle, n.: — bisicleta. 
bid, V. tr.; to make an offer of; — combida; 

jujo; ofrese; soyd. 
bier, n.; bed: — andas; anggariya, 
big hearted, cdj., adv.: — gueftau, {also: 

gueftao). 
biuous, adj.; choleric: — ^bilioso (Sp.) 
bill, n.; accounting; — cuenta; cuentas; 

tinifong. 
billiards, n.: — ^biy&t. 
bind, V. tr.; to fasten; to tie on: — ^funut; 

gode. 
bind lightly, v. tr.; to put a slender^ 

hoop around a barrel; — fujut, 
bird, n..* — guegpo; pdjaro. 



41 



birth, n.;—ina-fafta^; mafiago; patto. 

biscuit, n.: — biacocho; gayetas. 
bishop, n.; — obispo. 
bit, n,; morsel; mouthful; — ^bocao. 
bite, V. tr,; to crush or pierce with the 

teeth; to gnaw: — ac&. 
biting, adj,, adv.; sharp; mordacious: — 
. caJla>ctos; dadau; pa''pagd. 
bitter, arf/., a^v.; sour; acid: — ^mala^et; 

nS,-faile^. 
black, adj., adv.: — &tilofi^. 
blacken, v. tr.: — ^n&-&tilo]di|:. 
blacksmith, n.: — jer^ro. 
blacksmith shop, n.: — fr&gua. 
bladder, n.;— bejiga; nayan-mfem^. 
blamable, adj.; culpable; guilty: — cid- 

pable (op.), 
blame, v. tr.; to find fault with; to cen- 
sure; to reprimand: — corije; eogne; 

tacha. 
blank, adj.; free from writing; empty: — 

bianco; gasgas; giieco. 
blanket, n.; covering: — eno; saban as- 

lana. 
blasphemy, n,: — blasfSmia; dispara- 

teria. 
blaze, n.; a body of flame: — mafiild.. 
bieach, v. tr.; to remove color: — ^blang- 

quea; n§,-ipaca. 
bleed, v, t..*— majagfi.; ni-majag^. 
blend, n.; mixture: — dina£L&. 
blend, V. tr,; to mix; to mingle: — dafift; 

n£l-dana. 
bless, V. tr.; to praise; to commend; to 

extol; — ^bendise; tuna. 
blessed, adj.^ adv.; fortunate; lucky: — 

dichoso. 
blessedness, n.; — dinichosb. 
blessing, n.; — ^bendisi6n; timna. 
blight, n.; blaat in the crop: — quinatot 

y^ tinanum. 
blind, adj.f adv.: — ^bachet. 
blink, V. %,; to twinkle; to wink: — 

achetgue; chalamlam. 
bliss, n.; happiness:— felisid&d (*Sp.); 

minagof. 
blister, n,: — ^mama-be jiga; pagpag. 
block (of wood, stone, etc.), n.: — ^pedjoso. 
blond, adj.; red-haired: — ^bermejo; bet- 

mejo. 
blond, n,: — jag&. 
blood-letting, v, tr,; to let blood; to tap 

blood : — desa]i|:gra. 
blood-poisoning, n.; gangrene: — ca^- 

grena. 
bloody, adj.y adv.: — ^bula^jagft; mejgft. 
bloom, V, i.; to blossom: — ^man-flores. 
blot, 71.; Bpot; stain :^ — ^mancha. 
blot; V. tr.; to spot; to stain: — xA- 

mancha. 
blotter, n.; — secante. 
blouse, n,; — ^blusa; calo na magago. 
blow, V. %.; to breathe: — Jaja. 
blow, V. i.; to away; — gdja; aopla. 
blow with the fist, n./ cuff: — dinemd. 
Mow (epeakii^ of the wind), v. %.: — 

guaife. 



I blow, n.; stroke; knock: — dine]^dofL&: 

gotpe. 
blue, adj., adv.; cerulean; azure: — asHt. 
bluish, adj., adv.: — asusHt. 
blue, V. tr.; to color or dye blue; — ^n&- 

as^t. 
bluff, adj.; rising steeply or boldly 

(speaking of mountains, rocks, etc.); — 

boca; loe& na ach& pat ogsd. 
blufl, V. tr.; to deceive: — daeue: esitane: 

f^baba. * ' 

blunt, adj.; not sharp ;—fiafio: ma- 

jefong. 
boar, n.: — balaco. 
board, n.; table: — tabla. 
boast, V. %.: — ^bumanidoso; tunan-maisa, 
boaster, n.; braggart:— banidoso; fan- 

tasioso. 
boat, n.;— bote, 
boat hook, n.; hook: — gancho, 
boatswain, n,: — contramadstro. 
bodice, n.; waist: — cots^; chinina. 
bodkin, n.;— ponsfin; puiiat-alesna. 
body, n.; the human body: — t&taotao. 
body of stagnant water, n.; puddle; 

mudpuddle: — atasca; fanatascayan. 
bogj n.; tract of wet, spongy ground: — 

fSLchS; sesonyan. 
boil, V, %,; to cook: — ^loclog. 
boil, V. i.; to cook with fat:— cado; 
boil, V. tr.; to boil in water:~--chancocha; 

sotne. 
boisterous, adj.; vehement; impetuous; 

violent; passionate; stormy: — duro; 

fijom; rebottoso; arebatdo. 
bold, adj. J adv.; courageous; audacious; 

forward: — a totgante; descarao; 

sdguat; matatnga. 
bolt, y, tr,; to bolt the door:— trafigca; 

sorojo. 
bolt, V, %,; to start forward like a bolt: — 

manugo^. 
bolt, n.; door lock: — sorojo. 
bolt, 71,/ a long step: — ^inagu&. 
bomb, n.; pump: — ^bomba. 
bombard, v. tr.; to attack with bombe:— 

bombatdea; yotte bombae. 
bombard, v, tr.; to shoot at; to fire 

upon:— bianco; bombatdea; flecha. 
bond, n,; obligation: — obligasi6n. 
bone, n.;— pierna; tblsL^. 
bonnet, n,; — ^bonete (Sp.); gora; tujo£|^. 
book, n.: — ^leblo. 
bookkeeper, n.: — tenedot de Hbro 

^ i^P-)- 

boom, n.; spar; — ^botaldn. 

boots, n.: — ^botas. 

border, v, tr.; to encompass; to inclose:— 
engatsa; oriyate; oriyaye. 

border, n.; end; — canto; chin; oriya. 

border, n.; edging; galoon lace; stripes 
(on officers' uniforms): — rgal6n. 

bore, V. tr.;, to tire; confound; to em- 
boss :^^n&-dogae; nS,-68on. 

bore, V. tr.; to bore through; to pierce 
through: — dulog; tsladro. 

bom, V. i.; to be bom:— ma-faiLago. 



boroiq[h 



42 



bring 



borough, n.; a corporate town: — sofig- 

so^; biya, 
borrow, v.. It,; to obtain on loan:— 

ayao; n^-ayao. 
bosom, n.; the breast:— pecho; ]aoi; 

sanjalom pecho. 
boss, n.; master; foreman:— acomosmao; 

maestro {Sp.). 
bother, r. tr.; to molest: — atborota; 

molestia. 
bottle, n.; flask:— boteya; fiasco, 
bottom of the sea, n.; sea bottom: — 

fondo. 
bough, n.; twig; branch: — dinga; ramaa. 
boulder, n.; large stone :—daiigculo na 

aeho. 
bound, V. tr.; to bound; to fence a 

field;— colat; lelicui; oriyaye, 
boundary, n.: — checho. 
bouquet, n.; nosegay; bunch of flow- 
era: — ^ramiyete. 
bow, V. i.: — cottesia; tecon. 
bow, n.; — atcos.. 
bowels, n.; intestines: — tilipas. 
bower, n.; — enramada; sagayan. 
bowl, n.; — cascara; tasa; tason. 
bow-legered, adj., jpron.; person with 

crooked legs:— chafi^co. 
bowHng (game), n.: — juego de bolas. 
box, n.; cheat:— cajaj caujan; cajon. 
box, n.; tin box: — ^lata. 
box on the ear, v. (r.;— ^bofetada; 

boy, n..— laje; muchacho (Sp.); patgon. 
brace, n.; bandage: — ^b^e; bendas. 
bracket, n.; — ^puntat. 
bracelet, n.; arm ring: — brasaletas; 

putseras. 
brag, 1'. tr.; to become vain or proud: — 

bumanidoso . 
braggart, n.; boaster; swaggerer; — bani- 

doso; balenten pachot; fantasioso. 
braid of hair, n.; treaa; plait; queue; 

pigtail; — aqueyd; filag. 
braid, v. tr.; to braid the hair; to braid 

a rope (not to weave); — ^fUag. 
brain, n.; reason; marrow: — tftanos. 
brake, n.; wagon brake: — agramadera; 

para nu ma saga pat (or) nii m^ para. 
branch, n.; bough; twig:— dingf; ramaa. 
branch (of a cocoa palm; applies to a 

branch fallen from the tree and dried), 

n.; — Jagasas; bayag. 
brandish, v.tr.^ v. i.; to swing; to wave : — 

n&-gupo; yalfbao. 
brass, n.;— bronse; lat6n. 
brave, (ulj,^ adv.; courageous; capable:— 

matatfE&a. 
brave, adj., adv.; mighty; powerful; 

strong: — ^balente; famoao; matatiiga. 
bravery, n.; strength; — ^m.inatatn|:a, 
brazier (for burning coals), n.: — ^brasero 
breach, n.; violation; rent:— fatta; 

nilache; matiteg. 
bread, n.;— pan. 

breadlruit tree, n.:— trofigcon dog- 
dog; trofigcon iemae. 



break, v, tr.; to tear up (a wall); to 

divide: — ^ipe; putfi,. 
break, v, tr.; to break a stick; to break 

bones: — Julog. 
break, v, tr.; to crush :-pgomgom; 

yamag. 
break, v. tr., v. i.; to break the strings 
of a musical instrument; to take the 
life: — gutus. 
break down, v. %.; to go to pieces: — 

mayamag. ^ 

break, v. tr.; to annihilate: — yulang. 
break in^o pieces; v. tr.; to shatter: — 

yS-ya. 
break off, v. tr.; to break off the Umba 
of a tree; to weaken the fire, by bank/- 
ing or covering with leaves: — ^nxasqu6; 
chagua. 
breakfast, n.; — amotsa. 
breakfast, v. i.; to take or to have 

breakfast : — amotsa. 
breast, n.; — jaof; pecho. 
breasts, n.; udder: — susu. 
breath, 71.;— alento8;£lient03; jinagofi^. 
breathe, u. i.: — Jagong. 
breathless, adj.; out of breath: — guja; 

tdialentos. 
breeze, n.; gentle gale; fresh, soft wind: — 
notdeste na manglo; auabe na 
manglo, 
brew, v. tr.; to make liquors: — ^batej 

m5-m§, manesca. 
bribe, v. tr.; to corrupt: — ^nSr-lache; 

na-lamas; nl-potUlo; n^-tdilaye, 
brick, n.; tile:— ladriyo; teja. 
bride, n.: — ndbia. 
bridegroom, n.;— n6bio. 
bridge, n.: — t61ai. 
bridle, n.; curb, rein: — ^freno. 
briel, adj., adv.; short; concise: — eadad&; 

gusi;jijot. . 

brig, 71.; two-masted square-rigged ves- 
sel : — ^betgantfn. 
brigade, n.: — ^brigada. 
bright, adj.; luminous: — ^m&Lag. 
brightness, n.; luster; radiance: — 

nund,gas; minMag. 
brilliant, adj.; sparkling; lustrous; glit- 
tering: — lamlam; malag. 
brim, n.; the edge of anything: — canto; 

oriya. 
brine, n.; pickle: — chiguan; janom 

maasen. 
bring, v. tr., v. %.; to carry; to take: — 

chulS; chul!. 
bring, v. tr.; to catch: — confi. 
bring forth, v. tr.; to produce; to cre- 
ate: — fanago. 
bring forth, v. tr.; to bring up children:— 

pogsai. 
bring forth, v. tr.; to create; to bear:— 

na-juyung:. 
bring forth, v. tr.; to produce; to cre- 
ate : — nA-f amtH, 
bring in, v. tr.; to put in; to lay in:— 
n&-jMuni. 



43 



hi 



l)riiig into contempt, v. tr.;— na-des- 

presiao; n^-machatli6. 
tring nearer, v. tr,; to approach; to lay 

down: — n^-arima. 
bring suit, i;. tr.; to compain of before the 

court; to accuse: — faaua; cjuejaye. 
briskj adj,^ adv.; alert; quick: — alisto; 

calamya; macalamya. 
bristle, n.; short stiff hair: — tiso na 

pulo. 
brittle, adj.^ adv.; thin; fragile: — gue- 

ton; pasca. 
broad, arf/., adi\; wide; roomy:— ancho; 

maguag. 
broil, V. tr.; to fry; to prepare food; to 

season; to roast: — guisa. 
broken, adj.: — niHpS. 
bronze, n.; — bronse (also means made of 

bronze or bniss). 
brood, n.; offspring; hatch: — rasa, 
brood ben, n.: — culeca; ponedera. 
brood, ?;. i.; to incubate: — cnmuleca. 
brood, V. i.; to worry; to indulge in 

melancholy meditation: — Jasuye de- 

masiao. 
brook, n.; a small stream: — sadog. 
broonx, n.: — escoba. 
broth, n,; mush; corn boiled in the milk 

of the coconut: — atmayas; atule. 
brother, n,; sister: — chMo. 
brother-in-law, n,: — cuilado (y quin- 

adii-jo). ^ , 

brow, n.; forehead: — jS-e. 
brown, adj.: — col6t chocolate; patdo; 

moreno. 
brush, n.; thicket; shrubbery: — diquiciu! 

na &tbot. 
brush, V. tr.; to scrape or scratch off; to 

rub: — jotyat; safe. 
brutal, adj.; cruel: — ^iybfi g^g&; taiMt. 
brute, n,: — ^bruto; g&g^. 
brutish, adj., adv.; animal; bestial: — 

iyon g4g&. 
bubble, V. %.; to boil up; to sputter 

(speaking of a spring, etc.) : — ^bologbog. 
buck, n.; ram {also sheep in general):^ 

quinilo. 
bucket, n.: — batde. 
buckle, n.; clasp: — jebiyas. 
buckwheat, ft.; — unclasentrigo, {liter- 
ally: a kind of grain), 
bud, n.; flower: — fiores; batunes flores. 
buffoon, 71.: — ^bufon; tftires. 
buggy, n.; carriage :'^-calesa; careta; 

quilis. 
bugle, n.; horn: — cotneta; trompeta. 
• biiild, V. tr.; to mold; to do: — f&tinas. 
i build a nest, v. i.: — f^m.&-chenchon; 
j chinenchon. 

; building materials, n.:-— maderas; 
^ trastes. 
:; bulb, n,; onion-shaped root: — senaen 

tinajnon pat ch&g^an gui jalom od4. 

f. 4562—18 4 



bull, n..'— tore. 

bulldog, n.: — un clasen g& lago (a 

certain kind of dog), 
bullet, n.: — ^bala; bola (ball game), 
bullock, n.; steer:— ^nobiyo pat tore; 

na ti filfaye. 
bunch, n.; cluster :^rasinxo, 
bundle, n.: — ^fininut; manojo. 
bundle, n.; sheaf: — maouojo. 
bungler, n.; dabbler: — chapusero; 

tracachero. 
buoy, n.: — boya. 
bur, n.; burdock: — dadafi^e. 
burden, 71,; lai^e pack; skirt (Sp., falda); 

lap; flap; train of a skirt: — fatd6n; 

cola. 
burden, n.; charge; load; baggage: — 

catga. 
burdock, n.; bur: — dS.dangse. 
burglar, n.: — saque; y jajatmc guratl. 
burial, n.; funeral: — entiero. 
bum, V. tr.: — janon; soiiggue; sunog. 
bum up, V. tr.: — janon; songgue. 
bum, V. tr.; to parch the ground; to 

squander: — satpa. 
burning, adj.: — j&janon; malag. 
burnt, adj. J adv.; dry; barren: — dogngos; 

tosta. 
burro, n.: — ^buro. 
burst, V. tr.; to rent or break open with 

violence: — ^niapt&. 
burst, V. i.: — ^put&. 
burst, V. i.; to explode: — ^putS.; ip6. 
buiy, V. tr.; to entomb; to inter: — jafot; 

tatne. 
bush, n.; forest:— jalum-tan6. 
bush knife, n.; machete: — ^machete, 
business, n.; speculation; — ^negdsio. 
but, conj.; notwithstanding; neverthe- 
less:— lau. 
but I inter j. : — S.^'dSlau I 
butcher, 7i,:^-niatadero. 
butcher ^op, n.; — ^matansa 
butler, n.; cup bearer: — copero. 
butt end of a g^n, n.: — colata. 
butter, n.: — ^mantiquiya, 
butterfly, n.: — abUbaj^. 
buttocks, n.;-^uiya. 
button, V. tr.; to knot: — batunes; 

iiudo. 
button, 71.: — ^batunes. 
button, V. tr,; to button up:— batunes, 
button, 71,; knot: — ^fludo. 
buttonhole, n.: — ojales. 
buy, V. tr.; to purchase; to get for a 

price:— fajan. 
buyer, n.: — ^f^ajan. 
by, prep.: — ^pot; oriya. 
by chance, adj.^ adv., conj.; haply; 

perhaps; may be: — acaso; jufigguan; 

siilaj^. 
by degrees, adj., adv.; gradual; step by 

step : — adomididt. 



cabbage 



44 
C. 



carry 



cabbagre, n.: — repoyo. 

cabin, n.; hut: — c^mara. 

cabinet, n.;— -coinoda, 

cable, n.: — cable. 

cackle (of a hen calling her young), 

v. i.: — togtog. 
Cad, n.; vulgar, ill-bred fellow:— ch&t- 

maf&n&giie na t&otao. 
cage, n.: — tancat. 
cake, n.: — queg. 

calamity, n.; disaster; mishap; mis- 
fortune: — calamida. 
calculate, v. tr.; to estimate; to con- 
sider;— jasuye. 
calculate, v. tr.; to compute; to thmk 

out: — catcula. 
calf, n.: — tatnero. 
call (of the leg), n.;— m&manja. 
calico, n.; white or unprinted cotton 

cloth:— a'paca. . 

calk, V. tr,; to calk; to repair a ship:^ 

galafate. 
call, n,; a visit:— bisita. 
call, V. %.; to come; to visit:— fatolgiie. 
call, n.; a call to chase away a dog:— 

janda. 
call, %\ tr.; to denominate; to name: — 

fa-na'an. 
call to account, v. L; to hold an ac- 
counting: — gagao cuenta. 
call by signs, v. %.; to summon by 

signs: — alof, 
call, V. tr.; to name; to knock at the 

door; — dandan. 

caU, V. %.; to call out; to cry:— agang. 
callosity, n.; weal; skin swelled and 

hardened by labor:— cayos. 
callous, adj.' adv.: — cayos. 
calm, n.; lack of wind or breeze:— 

catma. 
calm, V. tr.; to soothe; to appease; to 
soften; to assuage; to make gentle:— 
apasigua; na-famatquilo. 
cahn, adj., adv.; tranquil; quiet:— 

mamatquilo. 
calumniate, v. tr.; to scoff; to dende:— 

ad&. 
calumniations, n. pi.;— <jalumma; en- 
calumniator, n.; reviler; slanderer:- 

dideshonra; enredad6t. 
camel, n.: — cameyo. 
camp, n.: — campo; cam^amento. 
can, V. %.; to be able:— aifia. 
can, v.; tin can; metal vessel:— lata, 
canary, n.: — can^rio. 
cancel, v. tr.; to annul: — ^ma-anula; 

ma-caneela; ma-reaso. 
candid, adj., adv.; honest; outepoken:— 

franco, 
candle, n,;— candela; dangues. 
candle holder, n.; candelabra:— ^;an- 

delero. 
* candy, n.: — candi. 
cane, n.: — ^bluiton. 



canine, adj.; pertaining to dogs: — rasan 

galago. 
canoe, n.: — galaid^. * 
cannon, n.: — call6n. 
canvas, n.: — ^brin; lona, 
cap, n.." — gora. 

cap (with a visor), n.; — quepis. 
capable, adj., adv.; brave; courageous: — 

matatiQ^a; capds. 
cape, n.: — capa. 

capital, n:; capital city: — capit&t. 
capital sin, n.: — ^m&gas na Isao. 
capital, n.; the sum invested in a 

business: — capit4t; prinsipdt. 



capnce, 



n. 



unrestricted choice: — «a- 



pricho; pinto, 
capricious, adj.y adv.; humorsome: — 

caprichoso. 
capsize, v. tr.; to turn over: — ^puja; 

aiin^quin. 
captain, n.: — capitan. 
captious, adj., adv.; critical: — chitsaga, 
captives, n. pi.; prisoners:— rpreso, 
captivity, n.; imprisonment; confine- 
ment: — cautibidad. 
captured, adj.: — preso; ma-con§. 
capuchin monk, n.: — capuchino. 
carabao, n .; the water buffalo: — 

carabao. 
card, n.; visiting card; business card;— 

tar j eta. 
cardboard, n.: — catt6n. 
care, n.; concern; sohcitude; anxiety: — 

inS,daje. 
careen, v. i.; to lean over (speaking of a 

boat): — ^utsa. 
care for, v. tr.; to provide for; to set at 
work; to prove by one's action; to de- 
velop; to unfold; to put in use: — finft- 
mduleg. 
care, n.; regard; foresight; precaution:— 

adSje. 
careful, orfy.; heedful:— yfidaje. 
care, v. i.; to torment; to labor:-;Bapet, 
careless, (uij.; inadvertent; inatten- 
tive: — descmdao. 
carelessness, n.; heedlessness; reckless- 
ness: — descuida. 
caress, n.; — ^iniea; fiinifia. 
carnivorous, adj.:— tfgcho. 
carpenter, n.: — catpintero. 
carpet, n.; — alfombra. 
carried away, p. p. torn away (by the 

wind ) :— guinip o . 
carriage, n.;—coche. 
carry, v. tr.; to carry a child:— jogtle. 
carry, v. tr.; to carry suspended from the 

hand: — dfliling. 
carry, i). tr.; to carry suspended from the 

shoulder without a stick;— changed, 
carry, v. *tr.; to carry under the arm: — 

apecheng. 
carry, v. tr.; to carry under the armpit:— 
af&fri. 



cabbage 



44 
C. 



carry 



cabbagre, n.: — repoyo. 

cabin, n.; hut: — c^mara. 

cabinet, n.;— -coinoda, 

cable, n.: — cable. 

cackle (of a hen calling her young), 

v. i.: — togtog. 
Cad, n.; vulgar, ill-bred fellow:— ch&t- 

maf&n&giie na t&otao. 
cage, n.: — tancat. 
cake, n.: — queg. 

calamity, n.; disaster; mishap; mis- 
fortune: — calamida. 
calculate, v. tr.; to estimate; to con- 
sider;— jasuye. 
calculate, v. tr.; to compute; to thmk 

out: — catcula. 
calf, n.: — tatnero. 
call (of the leg), n.;— m&manja. 
calico, n.; white or unprinted cotton 

cloth:— a'paca. . 

calk, V. tr,; to calk; to repair a ship:^ 

galafate. 
call, n,; a visit:— bisita. 
call, V. %.; to come; to visit:— fatolgiie. 
call, n.; a call to chase away a dog:— 

janda. 
call, %\ tr.; to denominate; to name: — 

fa-na'an. 
call to account, v. L; to hold an ac- 
counting: — gagao cuenta. 
call by signs, v. %.; to summon by 

signs: — alof, 
call, V. tr.; to name; to knock at the 

door; — dandan. 

caU, V. %.; to call out; to cry:— agang. 
callosity, n.; weal; skin swelled and 

hardened by labor:— cayos. 
callous, adj.' adv.: — cayos. 
calm, n.; lack of wind or breeze:— 

catma. 
calm, V. tr.; to soothe; to appease; to 
soften; to assuage; to make gentle:— 
apasigua; na-famatquilo. 
cahn, adj., adv.; tranquil; quiet:— 

mamatquilo. 
calumniate, v. tr.; to scoff; to dende:— 

ad&. 
calumniations, n. pi.;— <jalumma; en- 
calumniator, n.; reviler; slanderer:- 

dideshonra; enredad6t. 
camel, n.: — cameyo. 
camp, n.: — campo; cam^amento. 
can, V. %.; to be able:— aifia. 
can, v.; tin can; metal vessel:— lata, 
canary, n.: — can^rio. 
cancel, v. tr.; to annul: — ^ma-anula; 

ma-caneela; ma-reaso. 
candid, adj., adv.; honest; outepoken:— 

franco, 
candle, n,;— candela; dangues. 
candle holder, n.; candelabra:— ^;an- 

delero. 
* candy, n.: — candi. 
cane, n.: — ^bluiton. 



canine, adj.; pertaining to dogs: — rasan 

galago. 
canoe, n.: — galaid^. * 
cannon, n.: — call6n. 
canvas, n.: — ^brin; lona, 
cap, n.." — gora. 

cap (with a visor), n.; — quepis. 
capable, adj., adv.; brave; courageous: — 

matatiQ^a; capds. 
cape, n.: — capa. 

capital, n:; capital city: — capit&t. 
capital sin, n.: — ^m&gas na Isao. 
capital, n.; the sum invested in a 

business: — capit4t; prinsipdt. 



capnce, 



n. 



unrestricted choice: — «a- 



pricho; pinto, 
capricious, adj.y adv.; humorsome: — 

caprichoso. 
capsize, v. tr.; to turn over: — ^puja; 

aiin^quin. 
captain, n.: — capitan. 
captious, adj., adv.; critical: — chitsaga, 
captives, n. pi.; prisoners:— rpreso, 
captivity, n.; imprisonment; confine- 
ment: — cautibidad. 
captured, adj.: — preso; ma-con§. 
capuchin monk, n.: — capuchino. 
carabao, n .; the water buffalo: — 

carabao. 
card, n.; visiting card; business card;— 

tar j eta. 
cardboard, n.: — catt6n. 
care, n.; concern; sohcitude; anxiety: — 

inS,daje. 
careen, v. i.; to lean over (speaking of a 

boat): — ^utsa. 
care for, v. tr.; to provide for; to set at 
work; to prove by one's action; to de- 
velop; to unfold; to put in use: — finft- 
mduleg. 
care, n.; regard; foresight; precaution:— 

adSje. 
careful, orfy.; heedful:— yfidaje. 
care, v. i.; to torment; to labor:-;Bapet, 
careless, (uij.; inadvertent; inatten- 
tive: — descmdao. 
carelessness, n.; heedlessness; reckless- 
ness: — descuida. 
caress, n.; — ^iniea; fiinifia. 
carnivorous, adj.:— tfgcho. 
carpenter, n.: — catpintero. 
carpet, n.; — alfombra. 
carried away, p. p. torn away (by the 

wind ) :— guinip o . 
carriage, n.;—coche. 
carry, v. tr.; to carry a child:— jogtle. 
carry, v. tr.; to carry suspended from the 

hand: — dfliling. 
carry, i). tr.; to carry suspended from the 

shoulder without a stick;— changed, 
carry, v. *tr.; to carry under the arm: — 

apecheng. 
carry, v. tr.; to carry under the armpit:— 
af&fri. 



cany 



45 



charm 



carry, v. ir., v, %.; to bring; to take; — 

cart, n.; light two-wheeled vehicle: — 

caretiya. 
cartridge, n.: — cattucho; 'capaula, car- 

tucho. 
cartridge pouch, n., — cattuchera. 
case, n.; a covering or receptacle:— 

sajguan. 
carve, v. tr.; to form a design by cutting 

in wood, stone, etc.: — ^I&bla. 
carved work, n.; carving: — Hnabla. 
cash, n.; money: — salapg. 
cask, w.; — ^bariles. 
cassock, n,: — casuya; hdbito-sotana. 
cast, V. tr.; to fling; to throw (stones); to 

Btone; — aguet; ddgao. 
cast away, v. tr.; to repudiate; to spurn; 

to throw away: — desecha; yut^. 
cast off, V. tr.; to shake off; to repel; — 

sacude. 
cast off to one Bide: — chfuada. 
castel, n.; citadel: — castiyo* seradura. 
casual, adj . ; accidental: — 

ti'taan&nangca. 
casually, adj., adv.; accidentally: — 

timajasi%on. 
casualty, n,; ah accident; resulting in 

bodily injury or death: — desgxS,8ia. 
cat, n.; — cato. 
catarrh, n.; cold; — maftunj. 
catch, V. tr,; to bring: — con§. 
catch, V. tr.; to cheat; to befool: — 

fin&Ojaba. 
catch cold, v. i.; to ta.ke fresh air: — ura6- 

fresco. 
catch, V. tr., v. %.; to grasp; to gripe: — 

gancho {also to greM9p: jacot; to hook: 

gancho; hook, n.: gancho). 
catch, V. tr., %.; to seize; to grip; to 

grasp :~chajlao. 
catechism, n,: — catesismo. 
caterpillar, n.: — ulA; ulA ababafig. 
cathedral, n . : — catedr&t . 
catholic, adj.; — cat61ico. 
cattle, n.; — ganado. 
cause, n.; matter; thing: — catisa; motibo. 
cause pain, v, tr.: — nil-pinite. 
catise sorrow, v, %.; to cause grief: — 

nl.-triste. 
caution, v. tr.; to advise; to admonish: — 

adbiette. 
cavalryman, n.: — sendalon quinabfi.- 

hayo. 
cave, n.; cavern:— liyafig. 
cavity, n.; aperture; opening; hole: — 

madog. 
cease, v, %.; to finish; to stop: — is,^t] 

para; basta. 
cede, V. tr.; to give: — ^n&e. 
ceiling (of a room), n.; — quSsame, 
celebrate, v. %.; to make a holiday: — 

gopte; gupot. 
celebrated, adj.: — af^nao. 
cell, n,; prison: — calaboso. 



cellar, n.; — ^bodega. 

cement, v. tr.; to fi^ up with putty: — 
galagala. 

cement, n.: — semento. 

cemetery, n.: — sementeyo, 

censure, v. tr.; to disapprove; to con- 
demn; to reprove; to denounce: — 
desaprueba; corije. 

center, n.: — tal6 {see tS,lo: again). 

centiped, n.: — salfgao. 

central, adj.: — tinai6. 

centULTy, n.: — siglo. 

ceremony, n.; solemnity: — 8ereTO.6nia. 

certain, adj., adv.; secure; sure: — ftjo. 

certainly, adv.; in all seriousness: — 
sSn-magajet. 

chagrin, n.; indignation; quarrel; ob- 
stacle; difficulty; vexation: — disgusto 
{also quarrel: pleito). 

chain, n.: — cadena. 

chain, v. tr.; to fetter: — griniyete. 

chain, made up of red shells, n,; — 
cadenan colales (red shells: colales). 

chain of love (local name for the Mexi- 
can creeper): — cadena de amot. 

chair, n.: — siya. 

chalice, n.; cup:— calls. 

chalk, n.: — ^yeso, 

challenge, v. tr.; to fight; to summon 
to a contest: — ca«e; soy6 para mumo 
(to tease: case). 

chamberlain, n.; lord of the king's bed- 
chamber: — camarero (cabin boy : cam- 
arero). 

chamorro language:— fin6 jaya (mean- 
ing the language of the south; as 
against find l^go, the language of the 
north, or, the Spanish language). 

champion, n.; defender: — gdnadot; 
gagna. . . * 

change,n.;alteration; mutation:— inago. 

change, v. if.; exchange; to bring from 
one place to another (speakii:^ of 
cattle): — §.go; tulalca. 

changeable, adj., adv.; fickle; incon- 
stant; mutable; variable; fluctuating: — 
kguyon. 

channel, n.; canal: — canat. 

channel, v. tr.; to dig a channel or 
gutter: — f&canate. 

character, n.; frame of mind; dispo- 
sition: — carS^cter; costumbre. 

chaxcoal, n.; glow of burning coals: — 
pinigan; catbon jayo. 

chai^ge, V. tr.; to attack: — tugonl-. 

charge, v. tr.; to send for a purpose; to 
commission; — comisionaj encatga. 

charge, v. tr,; to furnish with an errand; 
to authorize : — autoiisa. 

charitable, adj., adv.; compassionable:— 
ydajs^. 

charitableness, n.; liberality: — gui- 
nSftao. 

charity, n,: — ^yineasfi. 

charm, n.: loveliness: — g^aiySyon. 



if 



chamung 



46 



dixA 



charmiiig:, adj.^ adv.; lovely; agreeable; 

sweet; worthy of being loved: — ^nft- 

m^lagd.^ 
chaste, adj., adv.; decent; clean; neat: — 

desente; ^asgas; honesto. 
chattel*, V. 1.; to gabble: — go.^B.g. 
chauffeur, n.: — cocheron automobit. 
cheap, adj,; purchasable for a low price : — 

barato; ti-guaguan. 
cheat, n.: — ^nn3.baba; dinague. 
cheat, i\ tr.; to damage; — dague; fftbaba. 
cheat at cards, n.; — dogueria. 
cheat, v.; to cheat each, other: — uma- 

f^baba. 
cheat; to deceive; to impose on; to de- 
fraud; to dupe {also to impair, -u. tr.; to 

prejudice; to do damage to): — aca- 

chaye. 
cheating, n.; knavery; swindling: — 

din'a. 
checkers, n.; the game of checkers:— 

daxna. 
cheek, n.: — faso. 
cheerful, adj., adv.; delightful; joyous; 

merry; gay; satisfied: — nS.-inagof; di- 

bettido. 
cheese, n.: — queso. 
chest of drawers, n.; commode: — 

coraoda. 
chew, \K tr.: — ^ng-cuigas. 
chew, V. tr.; to chew audibly: — nft- 

guetxnon. 
chevr, v. tr,; to chew tobacco: — aznasca. 
chewing tobacco, n.: — amasca. 
chicken, n .; young bird : — manog (young 

chicken: poyo). 
chief, n.: — jefe. 
child, n.: — nifio; patron, 
child to be baptized, n.; protege; 

neophite: — jado (godson: jado). 
childbirth, n.: — ^patto. 
chill (in fever attack), n.;— fugo {see 

fugd; squeeze). 
chimney, n.; touchhole or firing hole of a 

gun: — chixnenea. 
clun, n,; — &chai. 
chin, n.; point of the chin: — ^puntan 

4chai. 
Chinese, adj.: — chino. 
chip, n.; email piece: — estiyas. 
chisel, n.; — escoplo. 
chocolate, n.: — chocolate, 
choice, n.; option: — inayeg. 
choir, n.; — coro. 
choke, V. tr., v. %.; to suffocate: — gaot- 

gan; ilucot. 
cholera, n.: — cdlera. 
choose, V. tr.; to select: — Sjeg. ^ 

chop off, V. tr.; to break off:-;— chebang. 
chorus, n.; a number singing in con- 
cert: — lajysm ina£|^^axxta. 
christen, v. tr.; to baptize: — ma-nft- 

quilisyano. 
christening, n.; — ^bautiszno. 
christian doctrine, n.: — cateaismon; 
quilisyano. 



chuckle, 27. i.; to titter; to crackle (the 

bones of a joint): — ch.ac& {see ch&ca: 
rat). 

church, n.: — guma-Ydus, 

cigar, nr, tobacco;— chupa. > 

cigarette, n.: — cigariyo. 

cinnamon, n.: — canela. 

circle, n.; a round body: — aitculo. 

circular, adj.^ adv.; round; rotund (ball, 
roll of writing, scroll): — adamelong. 

cistern, n.; — tanque. 

citron, n.; lime:— lemon. 

city, n.:j— -siuda. 

civil, adj., adv.; polite: — ^respetao. 

claim, V. it.; to demand; to assert: — 
ganye. 

claimant, n.; one who demands some- 
thing as a right:— y guma'ganye. 

clam, n.; an edible bivalve; moUusk: — 
pa}ga:6g. _ 

clammy, adj.; soft; sticky: — dangsoiSJ. 

clamor, n.; shouting ; yelling : — inagang. 

clamp, n.: — ^jeramienta para man- 
aprieta. 

clapper of a bell, n.: — ^p5,nag-camp4na. 

clash, V. %.; to strike violently together: — 
a'^panac'. 

daap, n.rbuckle:-jeblyas. 

clasp, V, tr,; press, to oppress; to af- 
flict: — aprieta. 

class (in school), n.: — clase. 

classify, v. tr.; to systematize: — ayeg. 

clatter, v. i.; to murmur; to rustle; to 
whisper; to rattle: — cascas {also to 
whisper: nangon). 

clause, n.; separate part of a written 
composition : — p araf o . 

claws, n. pi.: — c&cdrguas; pdpaques, 

clay, n.; loam; mud: — fach6. 

clean, adj., adv.; neat:— gasgas. 

clean, v. tr.; to dry: — sadsao. 

clean, v. tr.; to refine (sugar): — ^n^-ilno. 

cleaning rag, n,; polishing cloth: — 
lampaso. 

cleanliness, n.; decency: — guinSlsgas. 

cleanse, v. tr.; to wash: — ^fdrgase. 

clear, adj.; bright; pure: — claro; lam- 
lam; puro. 

clear, adj., adv.; positive; expressly pro- 
vided for: — claro. 

dear, v. ir.; to clear a field of trees or 
stumps; to cut down a wood; to root 
out the forest: — desmonta. 

cleaver, n.; a butcher's heavy hatchet: — 
ma^heten-mataddt. 

clemency, n.; compassion; remission: — 
mina-asd. 

clever, adj., adv.; inventive; witty; in- 
genious: — faye; malat^. 

dient, n.; one who employe a lawyer: — 
y ma-defi.$flende. 

cliff, 71.; rock; atone: — ladera (stone: 
achd).' 

climate, n.; — temperaturs«i-tan6. 

dimb, V. t.;— fodos; Jotde. 



dimber 

climber, n.: — -y mamfimedos ; y man- 

j^jotde. 
clitubiiLg' -palms, n.: — troncon-bejuco 

(also trongcon-bejuco). 
climb up, V. i.: — cocold; cajul6. 
clinch, V. tr.; to rivet:— retnaclia. 
cUng, V. i,; to hold fast: — togtog- duro. 
clip, V, tr.; to cut with shears or scie- 

sora : — dinas^f-niaquiiiiya. 
clock, n.: — ^rel68. 
close, arf/.; kept secret; silent: — f&fat- 

qtulo. 
close by, adj.; near: — jijot. 
close, adj., adv.; dense; difficult; en- 
tangled : — gfadon. 
close, V. tr.; to shut: — Juchom (or: 

juchum). 
close a contract, v, tr., v. i.; to enter 

into an agreement: — nft-fagpd, 
close, v. tr.; to stop up; — ^juchuxn; 

candalo. 
closely connected with each other: — 

uxnd-cheton.. 
close, V. tr.; to close the eyes:— achig6. 
closet, n,; retreat; water-closet: — comon. 
cloth, n.: — magago. 
clothier, n.; one who makes or sells 

clothing : — vent eron-ma^ago . 
clothing:, ?^/ piece of clothing; article of 
dress : — bestido. 

cloud, n.; — jomjonx uchan; mapagajes. 
cloudy, adj.: — ^nublado; jomjom uchan. 
club, n.: — damaoig. 
coach, 71./ carriage: — coche; caruaje. 
coachman, n.; driver: — cochero. 
coal, n.: — catbon. 
coal dust, n,: — potbos catbon. 
coarse, adj.y adv.; rough; inattentive; 

irreverent; disrespectful ; rude: — 

desatento; bastos. 
coarse, adj., adv,; refractory; stubborn; 

mllful :— machaleg. 
coast (also cost), n.: — contra-costa. 
coat, n.: — saco. 
cobwebs, n. — tifarafias (spider: 

sanyeye). 
cock, n.; the male of birds; rooster: — 

erayo. 

cockfight, n,;— gayera. 

cockroach, n.: — cucuracha. 

cocoa, n.: — c&cao. 

cocoa crab, n.; — ayuyu. 

coconut (after the milk has been ex- 
tracted), n.: — ^bagaso. 

coconut (tender, good to eat), n. : — can- 
non. 

coconut (a tender one; already contain- 
ing liquor), n.: — manja; aplog. 

coconut (when entirely ripened), n.: — 
gaf6. 

coconut (when small, and not larger 
than a betel nut), n.: — dadeg. 

coconut milk, n.: — chig6 niyog. 

coconut rasp, n.: — camyo. 

coconut, 1). tr.; to rasp the coconut: — 
camyo. 

coconut, n,; rasped: — quinamyo. 



47 



comfort 



coconut shell, n.; — jaiguas. 
coco palm, n.: — Iroi^con niyog. 
codfish, n.; yellow wren; Spanish fly; — 

bacalad. 
coffee, n.;-— caf6. 
cofOln, n.: — atalid. 
cogitate, v. tr., y. %.; to reflect upon; to 

be of the opinion; to imagine; to con- 
jecture; to mink: — jaso. 
cohere, v. %.; to stick together:-— 

um&^cheton. 
coil, n.y a rope gethered into a ring: — 

royon-tale. 
coil up, V. tr,, V. i.; to curl up; to roll 

together; — ^falulon. 
coin, n.; piece of money: — moneda; 

salapg. 
cold, adj.; frigid: — mane^l^jeng. 
cold, n.; catarrh; cold in the head: — 

ma&om. 
colic, n.; gripes: — ^puten chachag. 
collapse^ u. i.; to fall in; to break down: — 

podong-Jalom. 
collar, n.: — cueyo. 

collect, V. tr.; to gather; to bring to- 
gether; to accumulate: — ^f&monton; 

nH-etnon; recoje, 
collect, V. ir.; to assemble: — etnon. 
collect, V. tr.; to call in outstanding 

moneys; — cobla. 
collect, V. tr.; to collect rain water in 

receptacles or reservoirs;— fagte. 
collector of customs, n.: — aduanero. 
college, n.; higher school: — quelejo. 
collide, V, L; to knock together:— 

um&totpe. 
collision, n.: — totpe. 
colonel, n.; commander of a regiment; — 

coronal, 
color, n.. — col6t. 
color, V. tr.; to paint: — penta. 
colored pumpkin, n.: — calam&sa. 
colorless, adj. 7 pale (of complexion): — 

chupon. s. 

colossal, adj.; gigantic: — dangculo. 
colt, n.; young male horse: — ^patgon- 

cabayo na-laje. 

column, n.: — columna. 

comb, n.: — ^paine. 

comb (of the rooster), n.: — cresta. 

combat, v. tr., v. i.; to fight: — mrnno. 

combine, v. i.; to unite; to join: — 

etnon; fan-etnon. 
come! interj.: — ^maila! 
come, V. i.: — niail4. 
comedy, n,: — comeya. 
come from, v. tr.: — guine. 
come in sight, v. i.; to shine forth; to 

make one's appearance: — anog. 
come in touch Mcith, v. i.: — cheton. 
come to the aid of, v. tr.: — a''yuda. 
come, V. i.; to visit; to call:— fatofgue, 
comfort, V. tr.; to console: — consu^la. 
comfort, V. tr.; to console; to encourage; 

to ccupy one's self with; to practice: — 

consu€la. 



comfortable 



48 



confuse 



comfortable, adj., adv.; fortunate; con- 
tent:— gti4f -saga, 
comforter, n.; consoler :--coxiBOiaaot. 
command, v. tr.; to order; to rule:— 

tagd. . , 

commemorate, v: tr.; to celebrate with 

honor: — g6pte. _ ,_ • 4. 

commence, v. tr., v. %.; to begin; to 

Btart:-"tutiijon. 
commend, v. tr,; to laud; to praise:— 

t^na. 
comment, n.; remark; explanation:— 

sinS.ngan. _ , 

commerc e, n . ; trade ;— come tsio . 
comnussi6n, n.; disposition:— encatgo; 

comisi6n. . 

commit murder, v . tr. , r . ^.; to murder:— 

mamxind. 
commit suicide :— pun6 maisa . 
common, adj., adv.; public; general:— 

comiin. 
commonalty, n.; community:— comu- 

common people, n.; plebeians:— otdi- 

nario na-taotao. 
communicate, v. tr.; to impart; to cause 

tobe shared:- n&e-p&tte. 
communion, n.; parUkmg of the eu- 

cliarist :— comum6n. 
community, n.; commonalty :—comu- 

nid^<i- , • i „-* 

companion, n.^comrade; associate; part- 
ner :—g&chong. 

company, n.:— compania. 

compare, v. tr.; to liken :--acompara. 

comparison, n.; parable:— compara- 

sidn. 
compass, n.;— compas. 
compassion, n.; goodness; mercy; mma- 



compUment, v. tr.; to flatter; to praise; 

to congratulate; — ttina. 
compose, v. tr.; to pacify; to appease; to 

calm :— nH-f amatquilo . 
compositor, n.; typesetter:— impreaot. 
comprehend, v. %.; to understand: — 

com.pr6nde. 
compress, v. tr.; to condense: — jogse; 

jonS. , 
compromise, n.; agreement: — 9ompro- 

m.iso. 
compromise, v. %.; to lay bare; to ex- 
pose :—compr ornate, 
compulsory, adj., adv.; involuntary:— 

fuets&o; obligdo. 
comrade, n.; friend; fellow; partner (in 
both good and bad sense):— gachong. 
conceal, v. tr.; to hide; to disguise:— 

llpa; a^tog. 
concede, v. tr.; to assent; to agree to:— 

nae petmiso. 
concern, n.; affair ; business :— astinto . 
conclude, v. tr,; to determine; to direct; 

to order: — detetmina. 
conclusion, n.; finish; end:— nn&gpo. 
concur, v. %.; to agree: — u-mS.comotma. 
condemn, v., tr.; to sentence:- y6gua. 
condemn, v. tr.; to disapprove; to re- 
prove; to denounce; to censure:— 
desapruSba. . . 

condition, n.; measure; rule; disiwaition; 

direction:— condisi6n; disposision. 
condition, n.; state: — est&o. 
condition, n.; stipulation:— condision. 
condole, v. tr.;- to express sympathy:— 

aaonao puminite. 
condone, v. tr.; to pardon:— asle. 
* ' idu^^' 



&S6 

compassionate, adj., adv.; charitable:— 
xna-^sd. 



conduct, n.: — conducta. 
confectionery, n.; sweetmeat; cakes:- 

ftnl,mames. 
confederate, n.; accomplice:— compUse 
ma-4sS. ^ . . confess, v. i.;-H;umonfesat. 

compel, V. tr.; to 'force; to constrain; to ^.ojifession, 71.;— confesi6n. 
coerce; to subdue:— afuStsas. confession, n.; the last c 



coerce; wj auw""c- , . 

compelled labor, n.; socage :— chocUO- 

fuets&o. * ^ , 

compensate, v. tr.; to renumerate; to re- 

nav : — exatif Sca . 

compete, v. i.; to enter into competi- 
tion:— u-ma^chague. 

competent, adj.; capable :-«ap&8; com- 

coSpileru. tr.; to put together:— daflft. 

complaint, n.; accusation; impeach- 
ment; suit at law:— qu^ja. 

complete, adj., adv.; entire; total; full, 
ready; prepared; perfect:— cab&les, 
enteramente; ent^ro. 

complete, v. tr.; to finish:— magpO, 

mtmjayan. / • i,„,i. 

complete, adj., adv.; ready; fmished — 

. monj^yan. . +„ «„ 

complicated, v. tr.; to involve; to en- 

tan<de — c6cas; gadon. 
complication, n.:—guina'don. 
compUment, n.; expression of cour- 
tosy :— cumplimiento. 



confession', n.; the last confession:— 

y map OS na confesi6n. 
confessional, n.: — confesionario. 
confide, v. tr., v. i.; to hope; to expect; 

to look for; to intrustj— angoco; confia. 
confidence, n.;— inangoco. 
confident, adj., at/v.;— angocuyon, 
confirm, v. tr.; to strengthen:— con- 

fitma. ^^ _ 

confirmation, n.;— confitmasiOn. 
confiscate, v. tr.; to sell at auction;— 

embatga. 
conflagration, n.; fire:— quemas6n, 
conform, v, tr.; to make alike:— con- 

fotme, 
conform, v. i.; to comply with:- 

cumple. 
confoimd, v. tr.; to tire; to bore; to 

emboss:— a&-68on- 
confront fbv witnesses), v. fr.;— flnana. 
confuse, v. tr.; to jumble up; to render 

indistinct:— n4-a'gadon; na-a^ache. 



coitfiised 



49 



confused, adj.; disorderly; irregular:— 
desq.reg-lS.0. 

congQiiial, adj,; kindred: — ^parfijo gen- 
ion-fl£Ja. 

congratulate, v. it.; to wish happiness 
to: — ffelisitar (Sp.). 

connect, v. tr.; to join; to unite: — ^nfi.- 
Stnon; n§,-ch6ton, 

coDjiected, adj.^ adv.: — cb.6ton. 

ooni^cience, n.: — consiSnsia. 

consecrate, v, ir.; to transmute: — 
consg*gra. 

consecration, n.; transformation : — con- 
sagrasidn. 

consent, n.; agreement: — quinensi^nte. 

consider, v. tr.; to calculate; to esti- 
mate: — consid^ra; catcvila. 

consider, v. tr.; to contemplate; to 
siirv.ey :— considera. 

consist, V. i.; to be composed of; to be 
made up of: — consiste. 

consolation, n.; occupation: — tinan&. 

consolation, n.:— quin^nsuela or con- 
suelo, 

console, v. tr.; to comfort: — consuela. 

constant, adj.., adv.; persistent; stead- 
fast; persevering; industrious; diligent; 
assiduous; sedulous: — constante; fijo: 

construct, v. tr,; to build; to put to- 
gether: — jatsa (to lift: jatsa), 

consult, V. tr.: — consutta. 

consume, v. tr.: — ^la'chai, 

consuxne, v. tr.; to gulp down: — tuchd. 

consume, v, ^ tr.; to use up entirely, 
leaving nothing: — ^la^chal. 

consumption, n.; expenses; costs: — 
gastos. 

consumptive, adj.: — sogso^. 

contain, v. tr.; to hold witmn: — omlat, 

container (for serving chocolate), n.: — 
b&tidot. 

contemplate, v. tr.; to consider; to 
survey : — cont em.pla. 

contempt, n.; disdain; scorn; — des.- 
presio. 

contemptible, adj.; meriting scorn: — 
despresi&os. 

contend, v. %.-; to emulate: — qu6-igiie. 

content, adj.^ adv.; fortunate; comfort- 
able: — ^magof; gu6f-saga, > 

contented, adj., adv.; joyous; glad: — 
magof. 

contention, n.; quarrel: — pl&ito. 

continence; n.; abstinence; temper- 
ance: — ayuno, 

continual, adj., adv.; incessant; con- 
stant: — constante. 

continuation, n,; duration; endur- 
ance: — sinigue (afoo duration: in- 
abmam). 

continue, v, i.; to endure; to last; to 
abide: — dinira. 

continue, v. i.; to follow: — slgue. 

continuous, adj.^ adv.; perpetual: — 
petmanente. 

contract, n.; agreement:— contrato. 



contracted, adj.; cramped; tightly 

strung : — apr e t&o . 
contractor, n.; exploiter: — contratista. 
contradict, v. ir.; to quarrel; to dispute; 

to disagree; to struggle; to be at vari- 
ance : — contr adise . 
contradiction, n.; quarrel: — contra- 

dicsidn; contradisidn. 
contrary, adj.; to the contrary: — at 

contrS.rio or pot el contr^rio. 
contribute, v. tr.; to furnish as a share;— 

ayuda. 
contrition, n.; penitence; repentance:— 

contrisi6n; sm^tsot. 
control, V. tr.; to search; to view; to 

visit; to inspect: — egS.gd. 
convenience, n.; fi t n e s s: — 

conbeni^nsia. 
con.venient, adj.; suitable; handy: — 

conbeni€nte. 
conversation, n.; entertainment: — 

conbetBasi<5n; cuentos. 
converse, v. i.; to talk familiarly: — 

cumuentos. 
convert, v. tr.: — conbiette. 
convince, v. tr.; to win over by persuasion 

or evidence: — ^bense. 
convoy, n.; escort; accompaniment: — 

acompaftamiento. 
cook, n.: — cosinero. 
cook, V. tr.; to boil; to set upon the fire; 

to melt: — n&-iago. 
cooking kettle, n.: — ^lauya. 
cool, adj.^ adv.; fresh; refreshing; — 

fresco, 
cool, V. tr.; to refresh: — nd,-m&pao. 
cool off, V. tr.: — ^nfi,-ni&pao. 
copious, adj.^ adv.; complete; detailed: — 

guef-ma-esplica. 
copper, n.: — coble, 
copy, n.: — copia. 
copy, V. tr.: — copia. 
coral, n.: — achd-fl&fiac. 
cord, n.; a twisted string: — j&''Jlon. 
cork, n.; bottle stopper: — cotcho. 
com, n.; maize: — ^ma'^ies. 
com, n.; sore; ulcer: — cayos. 
comer, n.; edge: — ^rinc6n. 
comer (of a building), n.: — esqulna. 
corpse^ n.; dead body; dead: — cadabet; 

matdi. 
correct, v. tr.; to blame; to censure:— 

coiije. 
correspondence, n.; letters:— co- 

respondensia. 
corridor, n.; veranda; passageway: — 

cored6t. 
corrugated iron, n,:— planchan-sln. 
cost, V. tr.; to be worth; important (or 

to be valid): — hStXe (what does it costP 

cuantobalina?). ' 

costs, n.; consumption; expenses: — 

gastos. 
cotton, n.; cotton wadding; — ^.tguedon. 
cough., n.:^ldl6. 
councillor, n.; advisor; — consejero. 



counsd 



50 



cup 



counsel, n.; advice:— consejo; pinagat. 
counsel, v. i.; to advise; to assist; to give 

advice; — aconsseja; pagat. 
count, V. tr.; to enumerate: — numerea; 

tufong. ^ 

count, V. tr.; to figure: — tufong*. 
countermand, v. tr.; to vdthdraw; to 
abolish; to dismiss; to revoke: — deroga. 
countless, orfjf.: — ti tufungon. 
county, n.; district: — b&rio. 
c o u r a g- e, n.; m e 1 1 1 e; — IL n i ni o; 

atrebimieiito. 
courage, v. i.; to have courage: — g&i- 

&,nimo, 
courage, n.; spirit: — coraje. 
courage, v. i.; to take courage: — abiba; 

anima. 
courageous, adj.^ adv.; capable; brave :^ 

animoso; matatnga. 
course (of food), n.; dish: — ^potaje. 
court, n.; tribunal: — tribunat. 
court (of a ruler), n.: — cotte; paldsyo. 
cousin, n.: — ^primo. 
cove, n.; bay; inlet: — ensenada. 
cover, n.: — tampe. 
cover, V. tr.: — cubre; tampe. 
cover, n./ pillowcase: — funda. 
cover, V, tr.; to cover the roof (with 

leaves oL the cocoa palm):~afte. 
cover up, v. tr.; to wrap around: — 

tampe. 
cow, n,: — baca. 
crab, n.;- — pan^lao. 
crack, n.; fissure: — caca. 
crackle (speaking of the bones of a 
joint), V. i.; to titter; to chuckle: — 
chacd. 
cradle, n.: — cuna. 

crafty, adj., adv.; sly; cunning:— cuco. 
cramp, n.: — calamle. 
cramped, adj.; contracted; tightly 

strung: — apret&o. 
crave, v. tr.; to desire; to wish: — desea; 

ta^a. 
crawl, V. i.: — cunan&f; batsala. 
crawfish, (small), n.;— atma'figao. 
cream, n.: — clema. 
cream, n.; the rich, oily part of milk: — 

inantican-leche . 
crease, n.; mark made by folding; — 

dobladan-magago; dndobla. 
create, v. tr.; to bear; to bring forth:— 

najtiyun^. 
creation, n.; work: — ^ninA-jiiyufig, 
creator, n.: — na''n4juyufig. 
creature, n.; work; act; action; deed: — 

iin&tinaB. 
credible, adj.; worthy of belief: — Jofi&- 

guiyon. 
creditor, n.;— acr4ed6t. 
creek, n.; small stream: — aadog-dlqui- 

qui. 
creep, v. i.; to move slowly along the 

ground: — b&tsala; cunanaf. 
crib, n.; child's bed; rack or manger: — 

cuna. 
cricket, n.: — griyos. 



cries, n.; lamentations:— iiugong. 

crime, n.; sin, guilt: — Isao. 

criminal, n.; malefactor: — criminat. 

cripple, V. tr.; to maim: — estropea. 

crocodile, n.: — cainiEn^ 

crochet, v. tr.; to do crochet work: — 
guinan chiyo. 

crooked, adj., adv.; bent; curved (also in- 
clined to do wrong); forbidden; — 
6chong; 6clau. 

crooked, adj., adv.; winding:— mataj- 

lee- . , 

crop, n.: — cosecha (seed: seminya). 
cross, ti.;— crusa; quiltius. ^ ^ 

cross, V. tr.; to cross the legs: — nga''- 

palopd; na-a''gaolt. 
cross, V. tr.; to go past; to pass by: — 

malofan. 
crossbeam, n.: — yabe (also key:yabe). 
crossroads, n.: — y difigS- dos chalan. 
crosswise, a<i?.; athwart: — opagat; cms; 

umencrus. 
crotchets, n.; clasps: — cotchetes. 
crouch, V, %.; to sit on the haunches: — 

deja. 
crowbar, n.; lever:— bare ta. 
crowd (of people), n.; jam; throng:— 

buyadan tS.otao. 
crowd together, v. tr.; to conipress; to 

stifle; to crush: — chiguet. 
crown, n.: — corona, 
crown of the head, n.; apex; vertex: — 

c&cagong. 
crucifix, n.: — crusiflo. 
crucify, v. tr.: — crusiflca. 
crude, adj.; raw; uncultured: — matii,. 
cruel, adj., adv.: — cruel, 
cruelty, n.: — cruetd&d. 
cruiser, n.; a fast warship: — crusero. 
crumb of bread: — migas p4n. 
crumple, v. tr.; to crumple a piece of 

paper: — jedo. 
crupper, n.; the buttocks of a horse; 

leather tail band: — gurupa. 
crush, v. tr.; to break: — gomgom; 

aplasta. 
crush, V. fr.; to jam; to squash: — aplasta; 

gomgom. 
crush, V. tr.; to crush with the hand; to 

press down: — jond. 
crust, 71,; skin; rind; husk: — lasas. 
crustacean, n.; crayfish; crawfish: — 

edimisag. 
crutch, n.: — ^bliculo. 
cry, V. i.: — ca'sao. 

cry, V. tr., v. i.; to cry out; to howl (the 
wind); to roar (the bull); to peep (the 
chicks): — cate; agang. 
cry, V. i.; to howl (speaking of dogs):— 

t&^uis. 
cucumber, n.: — pepino. 
cuff, n.; a blow with the fist: — dinemo. 
cultivate, v. tr.: — cuttiba. 
cunning, . n.; craft; trick; deceit: — 
fin&ba'ba; mdiiti.^ 
j cunning, o,dj.; deceitful; — cuco. 
I cup, n.; — tasa. 



«¥ 61 



cup, n.; email glass: — copa. 

cupbearer, n,; butler: — copero, 

curable, adj., adv. :^-Qxa.tiy on. 

curate, n,: — cura. 

curate of a parish, n.: — ^par6co. 

curb, n.; the rein; bridle :-~-freno. 

curdle, v. i,; to coagulate; to congeal 
(speaking of milk): — cumotado y 
leche. 

curdled milk, n.;— cottado y leche. 

curious, adj .^ adv.; inquisifive ;— 
curioso. 

curl, n.; ringlet of hair:— mulato. 

curlew, n.: — calalang^. 

curl up, V. tr., v. i.; to roll together; to 
coil up : — f alulon. 

current, n.; stream: — coriente; milag. 

curse, V. tr.: — matdise. 

curse, n.; oath: — desparate; matdisidn. 

curtain, n.: — cottina. 

curved, adj,^ adv.; crooked; bent {also in- 
clined to do wrong); forbidden: — 
echong. 

cushion, n.; pillow: — alunan. 

custom, n.: — costiunbre; p6t^^, 

custodian, n.; caretaker: — encatgfi,o. 



custom, n.; established usage: — peiuSg-& 
customary, adj., adv.; usual; ordinary; 

regular : — ^reg-ul&tmente . 
custom house, n.: — aduana. 
customs duties, n.; fees; taxes;— 

derechon aduana. 
cut, n.: — tinag^a. 
cut, n.; joint; — moscas. 
cut, v.'tr., v. i.; to fell; to cut off:— 

utut. 
cut into slices, v. tr.: — debana. 
cut off, V. tr.; to break off (the limb of 

a tree): — chefchef. 
cut open, V. tr.; to cut open an animal: — 

chung^at, 
cut out, V. tr.; to cut out the inside of 

a coconut, with an instrument:— 

cachg. 
cut, V. tr.; to saw; to cut with a saw: — 

chachag. 
cut, V. tr.; to split: — papfigas. 
cut, V. tr.; to cut with one stroke:— g^be. 
cut, y. tr.; to wound: — b6s6. 
cutting, adj., adv.; sharp; severe; 

pointed; keen: — acadfdog. 
cylinder, n.: — siUndro. 



D. 



dabble, v. tr.; to bungle; to do something 
in a superficial manner; — palaspas. 

dabbler, n.; bungler: — chapusero. 

daily, adj., adv.; occurring each succeed- 
ing day: — di^rio. 

daily wage, n.: — g,pas diario. 

daily work, n.; task: — ch6ch6 di&rio. 

dainty, adj.; choice; delicious; fastidi- 
ous : — f astidloso . 

dairy, n.; place where milk is kept and 
converted into butter, etc.: — ^lichera. 

dam, V. tr.; to hold up (the flow of 
waters) : — ^presa. 

dam, n.; river dam: — ^presa. 

damage, n.; harm; hurt; injury: — dafilo. 

damage, v, tr.; to wound; to hurt: — 
dan&o. 

damp, adj., adv.; moist; humid (pre- 
venting an object from burning): — 
fi.pagon; fotgon; timido. 

damsel, n.; a maiden: — sottera. 

dance, v. tr., v. i.: — baila. 

dance, n.: — b^ile. 

dandruff, n.; scurf on the scalp: — caspa. 

dandy, n.; a fop; coxcomb: — andi. 

dandy, v. %.; to play the dandy: — 
umandl. 

danger, n.; risk: — riesgo; peligro. 

dangerous, adj., adv.; perilous: — peli- 
groso, 

dare, v. tr., v. i.; to have courage; to 
attempt; to defy; to challenge: — gSi- 
&nimo. ' 

darixig, adj., adv.; rash; wild; bold; 
venturesome: — animoso; bdtbaro. 

dark, adj., adv.; dusky; destitute of 
light: — jomjom. 



darken, v. tr.; to cast a shade upon; to 
overshadow : — joxue . 

darkening, n.; twilight; gloaming:— 
lemlem. t&otao; j6jomjom. 

darkness, n.: — jinemjom. 

darky, n.; negro: — ^neglo. 

darling, n.: — quirida. 

dash, V, tr.; to throw violently or hast- 
ily:— go tpi. 

date, n.; the time of a letter or trans- 
action: — fecha. 

date, n,; the fruit of the date-palm:— 
d^tiUs. 

daughter, n..'— ija; jaga. 

daughter-in-law, n.: — cuflada. 

dawn, n,: — mach^gchag cat^. 

dawn, V, i.; to begin to grow light: — 
chagchag. 

dawn, n.; the first appearance of light in 
the morning: — pago manana. 

day, n.; the period of light between sun- 
rise and sunset; daylight; sunlight: — 
ja&ne; dfa. 

daybook, n.; rough draft: — ^boraddt. 

daybreak, n.; morning twilight: — ^pago 
maji^na. 

day laborer, n.; helper; also piece (in the 
game of checkers) : — ^pe6n; jotnalero. 

day ol fasting, n.: — ayuno; dia de 
ayuno. 

dazed, adj.: — ^maU^o y jinaso. 

deacon, n.; — didcono. 

dead, arf?.; destitute of life :— m&tai, 

dead, n.; dead body; corpse; — matai; 
cadabet. 

deadly, adj., adv.; causing death: — 
pegno. 



«¥ 61 



cup, n.; email glass: — copa. 

cupbearer, n,; butler: — copero, 

curable, adj., adv. :^-Qxa.tiy on. 

curate, n,: — cura. 

curate of a parish, n.: — ^par6co. 

curb, n.; the rein; bridle :-~-freno. 

curdle, v. i,; to coagulate; to congeal 
(speaking of milk): — cumotado y 
leche. 

curdled milk, n.;— cottado y leche. 

curious, adj .^ adv.; inquisifive ;— 
curioso. 

curl, n.; ringlet of hair:— mulato. 

curlew, n.: — calalang^. 

curl up, V. tr., v. i.; to roll together; to 
coil up : — f alulon. 

current, n.; stream: — coriente; milag. 

curse, V. tr.: — matdise. 

curse, n.; oath: — desparate; matdisidn. 

curtain, n.: — cottina. 

curved, adj,^ adv.; crooked; bent {also in- 
clined to do wrong); forbidden: — 
echong. 

cushion, n.; pillow: — alunan. 

custom, n.: — costiunbre; p6t^^, 

custodian, n.; caretaker: — encatgfi,o. 



custom, n.; established usage: — peiuSg-& 
customary, adj., adv.; usual; ordinary; 

regular : — ^reg-ul&tmente . 
custom house, n.: — aduana. 
customs duties, n.; fees; taxes;— 

derechon aduana. 
cut, n.: — tinag^a. 
cut, n.; joint; — moscas. 
cut, v.'tr., v. i.; to fell; to cut off:— 

utut. 
cut into slices, v. tr.: — debana. 
cut off, V. tr.; to break off (the limb of 

a tree): — chefchef. 
cut open, V. tr.; to cut open an animal: — 

chung^at, 
cut out, V. tr.; to cut out the inside of 

a coconut, with an instrument:— 

cachg. 
cut, V. tr.; to saw; to cut with a saw: — 

chachag. 
cut, V. tr.; to split: — papfigas. 
cut, V. tr.; to cut with one stroke:— g^be. 
cut, y. tr.; to wound: — b6s6. 
cutting, adj., adv.; sharp; severe; 

pointed; keen: — acadfdog. 
cylinder, n.: — siUndro. 



D. 



dabble, v. tr.; to bungle; to do something 
in a superficial manner; — palaspas. 

dabbler, n.; bungler: — chapusero. 

daily, adj., adv.; occurring each succeed- 
ing day: — di^rio. 

daily wage, n.: — g,pas diario. 

daily work, n.; task: — ch6ch6 di&rio. 

dainty, adj.; choice; delicious; fastidi- 
ous : — f astidloso . 

dairy, n.; place where milk is kept and 
converted into butter, etc.: — ^lichera. 

dam, V. tr.; to hold up (the flow of 
waters) : — ^presa. 

dam, n.; river dam: — ^presa. 

damage, n.; harm; hurt; injury: — dafilo. 

damage, v, tr.; to wound; to hurt: — 
dan&o. 

damp, adj., adv.; moist; humid (pre- 
venting an object from burning): — 
fi.pagon; fotgon; timido. 

damsel, n.; a maiden: — sottera. 

dance, v. tr., v. i.: — baila. 

dance, n.: — b^ile. 

dandruff, n.; scurf on the scalp: — caspa. 

dandy, n.; a fop; coxcomb: — andi. 

dandy, v. %.; to play the dandy: — 
umandl. 

danger, n.; risk: — riesgo; peligro. 

dangerous, adj., adv.; perilous: — peli- 
groso, 

dare, v. tr., v. i.; to have courage; to 
attempt; to defy; to challenge: — gSi- 
&nimo. ' 

darixig, adj., adv.; rash; wild; bold; 
venturesome: — animoso; bdtbaro. 

dark, adj., adv.; dusky; destitute of 
light: — jomjom. 



darken, v. tr.; to cast a shade upon; to 
overshadow : — joxue . 

darkening, n.; twilight; gloaming:— 
lemlem. t&otao; j6jomjom. 

darkness, n.: — jinemjom. 

darky, n.; negro: — ^neglo. 

darling, n.: — quirida. 

dash, V, tr.; to throw violently or hast- 
ily:— go tpi. 

date, n.; the time of a letter or trans- 
action: — fecha. 

date, n,; the fruit of the date-palm:— 
d^tiUs. 

daughter, n..'— ija; jaga. 

daughter-in-law, n.: — cuflada. 

dawn, n,: — mach^gchag cat^. 

dawn, V, i.; to begin to grow light: — 
chagchag. 

dawn, n.; the first appearance of light in 
the morning: — pago manana. 

day, n.; the period of light between sun- 
rise and sunset; daylight; sunlight: — 
ja&ne; dfa. 

daybook, n.; rough draft: — ^boraddt. 

daybreak, n.; morning twilight: — ^pago 
maji^na. 

day laborer, n.; helper; also piece (in the 
game of checkers) : — ^pe6n; jotnalero. 

day ol fasting, n.: — ayuno; dia de 
ayuno. 

dazed, adj.: — ^maU^o y jinaso. 

deacon, n.; — didcono. 

dead, arf?.; destitute of life :— m&tai, 

dead, n.; dead body; corpse; — matai; 
cadabet. 

deadly, adj., adv.; causing death: — 
pegno. 



deaf 



52 



deform 



deaf, adj.; deprived of hearing:— tanga. 

dealer, n.; trader; merchant: — cometsi- 

ante. 
dear, adj^, adv.; beloved: — ma-goflie; 

querido. 
dear, adj., adv.; expensive; costly: — 

giiaguan. 
death, n.; hour of death: — flnatai. 
death-dealing, adj.; death-bringing:— 

peg-nd. 

death penalty, n.:— -pena de muette. 

death watch, n.; a vigil beside a dead 

person: — g^g& mS-tai; y bumela gui 

ra4tai. 

debar, f. tr.; to shut out; to exclude: — 

juchum. ■" 

debate, t. tr.; to deliberate together:- 

agumento; atgumento. 
debauch, v. tr.; to corrupt; to vitiate: — 

jifi.-tMlaye. 
debauched, adj.^ adv.; stupid: — totpe. 
debt, n.; that which is due from one 

person to another: — dibe. 
debtor, n.; sinner: — man-isao; iisao; 

gdi-isao. 
decade, n.; ten consecutive years: — dies 

afLos siguido. 
decay, v. %.; to rot; to decline or fall: — 

lamas, 
decease, v. i.; to die: — m&tai. 
deceit, n.; fraud; cheatii^; imposition; 
humbug; trick; cunning:— dinague; 
finabiiba. 
deceitful, adj.; cunning: — fa-f&llajye. 
deceive, r. tr.; to lie; to speak falsely; to 
cheat (at cards); to impose on; to dupe; 
also to impair; to do damage to:— 
embostero; dague; fandague; tesgiie. 
December, ?i . ; — disiSmbr e ; 

umdyanggan. 
decent, adj., adv.; clean, neat; honor- 
able: — desente; gasgas; honesto; 
modesto. 
deception, n.; fraud: — ftnftbaba; linipa. 
decide, v. tr.; to bring to an issue; to re- 
solve: — deside. 
decimal, n.; pertaining to, or based upon, 
the number 10; decimal fraction:^ 
desiniS.t. 
decimate, v. tr.; to destroy a large pro- 
portion of: — desminuye; desminuye 
uno cada dies. 
decision, n.; intention; determination: — 

dinetetmina; detetminasi6n. 
deck, n.: — cubietta. 
declaration, n.; assertion; publication: — 

dineclara; declarasion. 
declare, v. i.: — declaxa; ma-claruye. 
declare free, v. tr.; to release; to pro- 
nounce not guilty; to acquit; to ab- 
solve : — absue tbe. 
decline, i'. tr., v. i.; to refuse: — reusa. 
decompose, v.i.; to become decomposed; 

to ynitrefy: — llamas, 
decomposed coral, n.; used for road- 
making; is soft when put down, but 
hardens through action o! the air and 
of water: — cascajo. 



decorate, v. tr.; to adom; to embellish;— . 

adotna. 
decorate, v, tr.; to put in order:— ajjfia. 
decorous, adj., adv.; oi proper bearing; 

decent; agreeably; pleasing:— asent- 

ado; desente. 
decorum, n.:— dinesente. 
decoy, n.; lure; stratagem: — figuran 

g^ga para 6codo. 
decoy, v. tr.; to allure into danger by 

artifice ; to lure :— pugui. 
decrease, v. i.; to become smaller m 

quantity :»—caguan mengua. 
decrease in tension, v. tr.; relax; 

slacken; to unbend; to unharness:—- 

afloja. 
decree, n.; sentence; judgment: — de- 

creto; jinaso; jufsio; min^jnalom (or: 

min^jnalum). 
decree, v. tr.; to prescribe; to ordain; to 

dispose: — decreta. 
deduct, V. tr.; to take away: — nS,-suja. 
deed, n.; creature; work; act; action: — 

fin&rtinas. 
deed of charity, n.: — benefisio. 
deep, adj., adv^ large;Joelow the sur- 
face: — ^modung; tadung. 
deep-eyed, adj., adv.: — ^motgan. 
deepen, v. tr.: — la-guadog. ^ 

deep water, n.;— sajago; tadung na 

janum. 
deer, n.;— binado. 
deface, v. tr.; to mar the surface of; to 

disfigure :"disfigura. 
defamation, n.; slander; bad words; as- 
persion: — chisnie; inadS.. 
defame, v. tr.; to bring disgrace upon:— 

deshonra; fatso, 
defame, v- It.; to injure the good name 

of; to dishonor: — deshonra; fatso. 
defeat, v. tr,; to overcome or vanquish: — 

gana; dtilala^. 
defect, n. /deficiency; want: — chinattao. 
defect, n.; sore; wound; abscess: — 

chetnot; defecto. 
defend, v. tr.; to guard or protect: — 

deflende. 
defender, n.; protector; guardian:— 

defensdt; dfdefiende; guigogiie. 
defer, v .tr.; to postpone: — ^n^-fi-bmam. 
defense, n.; the act of defending; pro- 
tection; vindication: — defi^nde; dini- 

fi^nde. 
defense, n .; shelter : — defifinde; sinague 

fan lijlngan. 
deficiency, n.; defect; want; lack:— 

chin&ttao; defecto; escas^s; fdtta., 
defilS, n.; low giound; low country:— 

flnd.gufi,gsaia; guSgsald; guigsalti; 

also natatii na pasaje maiot. 
defile; n.; narrow pass:- fll^salug; 

finS,' ealug; mafot. 
define, v. tr,; to describe: — espllca; 

ptiia. 
definition, n.; brief description:— 

definisi6n; pinlli. 
deform., v. tr.; to disfigure; to distort; 

to deface:^— disfigura; n^-ch^tpago. 



defraud 

defraud^ v. tr.; to cheat; to deprive of 

Bbmething : — t&b'B/hii. 
defy, v. tr.; to challenge; to resist openly; 

gffii g.TliTT>0. 

degenerate, v, %.; to deteriorate: — 

bumababa, 
degrade, i;. tr.: to lower physically or 

morally; to tone do^n:— gatduna; 

yut! p^pi. 
deject, V. tr.; to depreaa the spirits of; 

to dishearten: — disanima. 
dejected, adj,; depressed; gloomy: — 

dinesaninaa. 
dejectednesa, n.; depression of spirits:-— 

rineuaa. 
delay, v. tr.: to postpone; to atav; to 

stop: — ^in-abmam. 
delayed, adj.; come too lato; risen too 

late (out of bed):— ba'an. 
delegate, n.; representative; — asis- 

tente; representatibo. 
deliberate, v. tr.; to ponder; to weigh 

in the mind; — considera. 
delicacy, n.; grace; sensitiveness; refine- 
ment: — grasioso. 
delicate, adj., adv.; admirable; lively; 

vivacious; elegant: — airoso. 
delicious, adj., adv.; exquisite; highly 

pleasing to the senses^ taste, or njind: — 

delisloso; manngui. 
delight, V. tr.; to please; to give pleasure 

to; to appease: — ^n&-inagof; n^-maii- 

man; n^-tdtnon. 
delight, n.; enjoyment: — ^n^magof; 

mindmanman. 
delighted, adj., adv.; joyous; merry; 

gay; satisfied; cheerful: — dibetttdo. 
delightful, adj., adv.: — ^na-manman; 

nd-magof. 
delirium (in fever), n.; aberration of 

the mind: — jinason atxnari&o. 
deliver, v. tr.; to set free; to save: — 

n^-jfi,nau; n&-libre. 
deliver, oj. ir.; to deliver a woman of 

child: — fafi&go; ma-n^go. 
delivery, n.; the act of delivering: — 

jina'nauj inentr^ga; min^jiiyo^. 
delivery, n.; draft; duty; tax: — catga; 

impueato; todo; tribute. 
deluge, n.; inundation: — dil-^bio. 
delusion, n.; imposition: — ^fatso; 

inabag. 
demand, v, tr.; to ask in a peremptory 

manner: — dem&nda. 
demented, adj.; insane: — atznari&o; 

caduco. 
democracy, _n.; government by the 

people; political or social equality: — 

gobietnon taotao. 
demolish, v. ir.; to ruin; to destroy; — 

deaase. 
demolition, n.; destruction: — mina- 

yulaug. 
demon, n.; evil spirit; devil: — demonio; 

magngiintti. 
demonstrate, v. tr.; to evince; to prove; 

to show: — fdJi^e. 



53 



deserve 



dem,on8tration, n.; act of demonstrat- 
ing;— prueba. 
demoralize, v. tr.; to corrupt; to throw 

into confusion: — n&-atborotio: vti- 

lang. ' ' 

demur, v. ir.; retort; to oppose; to object; 

to put in by way of reply: — agua> 

gu^te. 
demure, adj.^ adv.; grave; sober; decor- 
ous; proper in behavior;— gSi-ma- 

majlao; fotmat. 
denial, n. /refusal; contradiction:— rin- 

eflsa; contradic8i6n. 
denominate, v. tr.; to name; to call:— 

fa.naan; nManaan. 
denounce, v. ir.; to censure; to condemn; 

to disapprove; to reprove: — desa- 

prueba. 
dense, adj., adv.; difficult; entangled:— 

gadon. 
deny, v, tr.; to declare to be untrue; — 

pune. 
depart, v. i.; to move; to walk; to leave: — 

famocat; umadisapatta; aumiija. 
departure, n.;— jina^nau; pattida. 
departure, n.; sailing: — jina^nau; 

salida. 
depend, v. %.; to rely for support; to 

trust: — a^oco. 
deplorable, adj., adv.; sad; calamitous; 

grievous : — triste . 
depoi)ulate, v. ir.; to deprive of in- 
habitants; to devastate; to lay waste: — 

&mot; n§,-tai-t^otao. 
depose, v. tr.; to deprive of office: — 

4mot; nS,-ma-t^jgue. 
deposit, V. tr.; to put into the bank; — 

deposita. 
depot, n.; a warehouse: — depdsito. 
depravation, n.; deterioration: — nfi.- 

tailaye. 
deprecate, ^, tr.; to censure; to dis- 
dain : — desprSsia. 
depressed, adj.; dejected; oppressed: — 

inadite; mofiilo; ma-jon6; ma-nS,- 

penfte. 
depression, n.; low spirits: — tin^Lgpapd.; 

trinfste. 
deprivation, n.: the act of taking away; 

loss; — finalli^o; inamot. 
depth, n.: — tinadong. 
deride, v. tr., v.i.; to insult; to mock: — 

Idtgue; casi; insutta. 
derision, n.; scorn: — mofa; minefea. 
descend, v, i.; to pass from a higher to 

a lower position: — tumunog. 
describe, v. tr,; to narrate; to set forth: — 

sangan. 
desecrate, v. tr.; to profane: — ^nd.-lache; 

n^-a^'placha. 
desert, n.: — desidtto. 
desert, v. tr.; to abandon; to leave; to 

quit; to leave behind; to forsake: — 

dingo; desampdra. 
deserve, v. tr.; to earn by service; to 

be justly entitled to; to merit: — > 

merese; bale (gui setbisio). 



deserrng 



54 



ddservin^^ adj.; worthy:— manmerese. 

design, v, tr.; to direct; to order; to 
appoint; to determine ; to fix: — destina. 

designate, v. tr,; to direct; to deter- 
mine: — f&n^. 

designed, adj., adv.; intentional; pre- 
meditated :—adrede. ■ 

desire, n.; inclination; appetite: — ganas 

desire, n.; greediness; lust: — a''lal&. 

deure, v. tr.: to want: — desea; malag6. 

desirous, adj,, adv.:— deneoso, 

desolate, adj.: deprived of inhabitants; 
abandoned ; laid waste : — ma-disocupa; 
ma-lachai taotdona. 

desolation, n.; destruction; ruin; af- 
fliction; misery: — disocupEo; yinflang; 
mis^ria. 

despair, v. i.; to abandon all hope: — 
ti nian-a£|;oco. 

desperate, adj., adv.; hopeless: — des- 
esper&o. 

despicable, adj., gdv.; pitiful; miser- 
able : — ch&taaga; n^-mlls^. 

despise, v. tr.; to elander: — chit- 
guaiya; fdichanag ; ma-fa-jfyung 
chatlit. 

despiaer, n.; contemner: — ^f3.-faichan&g; 
na-chatguiaiya; chi-chatUi. 

dessert, n.; fruits or sweets: — golosiua; 
postre. 

destiny, n.; fate: — destino. 

destitute, adj.; poor; penniless: — n&- 
mSfiS; t4y^. 

destitute of brilliancy or of lustre, 
adj.; not showy; unpretendii^: — ca- 
chang. 

destitute of reason, a<?j.;— taitmifi|:o. 

destroy, v. tr.; to break: — ^yulang- 

destroy, v. tr,; to consume; to devour; 
to \\'ipe out: — ^na-m&fncua. 

destroy, v. tr.; to demolish; to ruin: — 
desase. 

destroy, v. tr.; to squander: — n&- 
falin|^o. 

detach, v. tr.; to disconnect: — n&- 
j4nau. 

detailed, adj., adv.; copious; complete: — 
guef-ma-eapllca. 

detain, v. tr.; to hold up; to keep back; — 
detiSne; nS,-atras^. 

detect, V. tr.; to discover; to bring to 
light; to expose: — soda, 

deternune, v. tr.; to designate; to 
direct: — destina; detetmina. 

detemunation, n.; decision; inten- 
tion: — dinetetmina; detetminasi<5n. 

detest, V. tr.: — chatlQ. 

detestable, adj., adv.; execrable; abom- 
inable: — got chatliiyon; iiigulnon. 

detrimental, adj., adv.; injurious; hurt- 
ful: — dafioso. 

devastate, v. tr.; to ruin; to desolate; 
to lay waste; also to consume; to 
devour: — ^ma-destrdsa; ardsa. 

devastation (caused by a storm), n.: — 
yinflang. 



develop, v. tr.; to unfold; to put in 

use : — baba. 
devil, n.: — diUblo; m^n^nfti. 
devise, v. tr.; to find out; to invent: — 

nH-jdyofig; inbenta; mdi. 
devote, v. tr.; to apply (one's self) to 

some object: — aplica. 
devoted, adj.; understanding:— aplic&o; 

coufotme. 
devotion, n.; piety: — debosidn; dine- 

boto. 
devour, v. tr.; to eat ravenously: — 

ttichfi. 
devout, adj. J adv.; true; believing: — 

deb o to; joilggue. 
dexterity, n.; manual skill: — finayi. 
dialect, n.; idiom; the peculiar manner 

in which a language is spoken in a 

district : — dial^cto . 
diameter^ n.: — di&metro; indnchon y 

citculo. 
diamond, n.: — diamante, 
diarrhea (not dysentery), n.: — quini- 

lag. 
dice, n.: — d&dos. 
dictate, v. %,; to prescribe: — dicta; 

sai^dne. 
dictate, v. tr.; to express orally words to 

be taken down in writing:^— dicta, 
dictionary, n.; vocabulary : — dicaion- 

Urio. 
die, V. %.: — ^mfi-tai, 
die, V. %.; to die of hunger; to die of 

starvation :— m&tai-fiSlang . 
diet, n.; abstinence; continence; tem- 
perance:— diet; abstinensia; chinem^; 

chom&. 
differ, v. %.; to be dissimilar; to dis- 
agree : — tiparS Jo . 
difference, n.;— -diferSnsia. 
different, adj.; diverse; various: — difer- 

entes; distinto; tiiachalgua; ti umaya. 
different, adj., adv.; rare; distinguished; 

excellent: — sajfi^ue . 
diffi.cult, adj., adv.; entangled; close: — 

gadon. 
difficult, adj.; hard to accomplish: — 

mapot. 
difficult, adj., adv.; heavy: — mHcat. 
difficult, adj., adv.; perilous; dangerous: — 

geUgro. 
lculty> 71.; — minapot; dificuttdd. 
difficulty, 71.; vexation; chagrin; indig- 
nation; quarrel; obstacle:^ — disgusto. 
diffidence, n.; lack of self-reliance: — tj&i 

inaiagocon mlt.isa; desconfidnsa. 
diffuse, V. tr.; to scatter; to disseminate,: — 

chalapun. 
diffused, adj.; disseminated; spread; 

scattered : — ma-chal'dpun. 
dig, V. i.; to scratch (hens): — guadog. 
dig in, V. tr.; to intrench:— graba. 
digest, V. tr.; to dissolve in the stomach 

by the afction of the digestive juices: — 

arSgla; dij6re; dij6ri, 
digestion, n.; assimilation: — inaregia; 

ainij6re; dinij6ri. 



55 



easnre 



dignity, n.; office:— p6ca; c4tgo; din^- 
culo. ^ ^ 

diligence, n.; application; utilization:— 

aplicasi6n; esmero. 
diligent, adj., adv.; laborious; indus- 

tnoua: — bu§n-much.aclio-. 
diminish, v. tr.; to make smaller; to re- 
duce : — nai&-diquiquL 
din, n.; deafening noise; crash; confusion- 

tumult; turmoil;— yinauyau. 
dine, v. i.; to eat the middav meal:— 

na-tald&ne. 
dinner, n.; the chief meal of the day:— 

na-talddne. 
diplomat, n.;— diplomatico. 
direct, adj.; straight (not circuitous): 

open; plain:— der4c to; tunas. 
direct, V, tr,; to order; to designate; to 
conclude; to determine:— destina; de- 
tetmina; dirije; n^-jinao. 
direct, v. tr.; to manage; to regulate; to 

lead; to guide:— dirije. 
direction, n; guidance; relative posi- 
tion:— direcsion; y dinerije; riimbo. 
direction, n.; condition; measure; rule; 

disposition : — disp osision. 
directly, at/v.;— enseguldas. 
dirt, n.; mud; dung:— od^; fachd; taqu^. 
dirt (on the head), n,; filth ; smut; mud :— 

acong. 
dirty, adj,, adv.; filthy :—aplacha, 
dirty, v. tr.; to soil :— n&-aplacha. 
dirty, adj., adv.; soiled; impure; foul:— 

gai-fachS; nS,-a.8gon. 
disability, n.; incapacity:- tinai sStbi. 
disable, v. tr.; to disqualify; to incapaci- 
tate : — ^nd,-taise tbi. 
disagree, v. tr.; to contradict; to quarrel; 
to dispute; to struggle:— aguaguat; ti- 
u-ma-danche. 
disagreeable, adj., adv.; hateful; repug- 
nant: — cha^tpago. 
disappear, v. %.; to pass away; to van- 
ish ; — ^maling-o . 
disappoint, r. tr.; to thwart or frustrate 

the hopes of: — ti magof; diagtista. 
disappointment, n.; defeat or failure of 
expectations; — tindi nunagof: dis- 
gi5sta. 
disarm, v. tr.; to deprive of arms; to sub- 
due: — disatma; n^-tai-itmas. . 
disapprove, v. tr.; to reprove; to de- 
nounce; to censure; to condemn: — 
desaprueba, 
disaster, n./ mishap; misfortune; ca- 
lamity: — desgrasia. 
disastrous, adj.; unfortunate; un- 
happy:— desdich&o; desgrasiddo. 
disband, v. tr.; to dismiss; to discharge:— 

despacha. 
discard, v. tr.: — ^ydgua. 
discharge, v. tr.; to disband; to dis- 
miss: — despacha; despide. 
discharge, v, tr,; to discharge a debt; to 
pay for; to clear; to satisfy; to pay 
out: — abona. 
discharge, v. tr.; to unload:— descatga. 



discipline, n,; education; military regu- 
lation: — dedsiplina. 

disclaim, v. tr.; disavow. — ^pune. 

disclose, v. tr.; to reveal; to make plain or 
evident; to discover:— discubre. 

disclosure, n.; discovery; uncovering--^ 
discubre. 

discontented, adj., adv.; envious:— 
ti contento, 

discourage, v. tr.; to dishearten:— 
ti animoso. 

discourse, n.; speech or language; con- 
versaUon :— conbetsasidn; s^tmon 

discover, v. tr.; to put forward; to dis- 
close; to reveal; to make plain or evi- 
dent:— discubre; p6ntan. 

*^^^1?ii^**®> ^- '^•'' *o distinguish:— 
distinggue. 

disdain, v. tr.; to censure; to deprecate:— 

despresia; ii^uen; if|uin. 
disdain, v. tr.; to despise:— faich&nag. 
disdam, n.; scorn; c o n t e m p t — 

despresio. 
disembark, v. fr..— desembatca. 
disfigure, v. tr.; to deform; to distort; 

to deface:— desfigura; na-chatpto. 
disfigured, adf/.;— desfignrado. 
disgrace, n.; shame; dishonor:— di- 

neshonra. 
disgraceful, adj., adv.; dissolute:- 

despresiable; totpe. 
disgustj V. tr.; to offend the moral sense 

of:— disgustio; ti magof. 
disgust, n.; strong aversion; repug- 
nance :—di8gli8to. 
disgusting, adj., adv.; nauseous; loath- 
' some; — asqueroso. 
dish, n.; platter:— n&yan; plato. 
dishonor, v. tr.; to disgrace:— di- 

neshonra, 
disinherit, v. (r.;— deshereda; umot 

y herensia. 
disinterested, adj., adv.; unselfish:— 

desinteresHo. 
dislocated, adj.; lame; twisted:— Sea- 

len^; apling. 
dismiss, v: tr.; to revoke; to withdraw:— 

^derogaj despacha. 
disorder, n.; uprising:— desareglSo, 
disorderly, adj.; irregular; confused:— 

calao; g^don. 
dispensation, n.; exculpation; also 

storage room or pantry: — dispensa. 
dispense with, v. tr., v. i.; to spare; 

to do without: — tumayS,. 
disperse, v. tr.; to strew asunder; to 

scatter apart; to dispel: — chalapun. 
displace, v, tr.; to put out of place:— 

na-stija gui sagaCa. 
displacement, n.; substitution:— nft- 
suja gui B&ga. 

display, v. tr.; to boast; to expose to 
view; to exhibit:— fata. 

displeasing, adj., adv.; offensive; shock- 
ing: — chocante. 

displeasure, n.: — eJazua. 



56 doQUe 



dispose, V. tr.,v. i.; to arrange; to order; 

to prepare; to make ready: — dispone. 

dispose, V. tr.; to decree; to prescribe; to 

ordain: — decreta. 
disposition, n.; direction; condition: — 

{uspbsisidn. 
dispute, 1). tr.; to quarrel; to contradict; 
to be at variance; to disagree; to 
struggle : — aguaguat. 
dispute, 71.; matter of dispute; ques- 
tion : — cuesti6n. 
dissemble, v. tr.; to feign; to hide; to 

conceal; to keep secret:— disimula. 
dissembler, n.; hypocrite: — cado m&- 

mSr-ma^eg; jip6crita. 
dissolute, oJ?"., adv.; licentious; roving 

wildly: — desaregl4o; aaii^gano. 
dissolvable, adj., adv.; soluble: — 

diritiyon. y 

dissolve, v. %.; to melt; to fuse: — dinte. 
distance (between two places), n.: — 

distansia; in^-chSgo. 
distant, adj., adv.; far; far off:— cliag6. 
distaste, n.; aversion of the palate; 

dislike; disinclination: — timanngu!. 
distasteful, adj.; jinpleasant to the 

taste :— t iiminanngul. 
distil, V. tr.: — estila. 
distiUatioii, n.; vessel for distillation; 

alembic: — fanestilayan; estila. 
diatiUed water, n.: — janom eneatila; 

also: janum enestila. 
distilling plant (water), n.;— fanesti- 
layan. 
distinct, adj., adv.; separate; different; 

clear; plain; — distingue, 
distinguisli, v. i.; to distinguish one s 

s^lf : — f an-igue. 
distinguish, v. tr.; to discriminate:— 

distinggue. ^ 

distinguished, adj., adv.; famous:— 

distij^guido. 
distort, V. tr.; to deface; to deform; to 

disfigure:— na-asd; na-chdtpSgo. 
distract, v. tr.; to perplex; to confuse; 

to bewilder: — echung. 
distracted, adj., adv.; absent-minded:- 

distraldo. 
distressed, adj., adv.; anxious; scru- 
pulous: — escrupuloso. 
distressed, adj.; depressed; op- 

pre^sod : — inadite. 
distribute, v. tr.; to allot; to deal out or 

divide; to apportion: — ^repatte. 
district, n.; territorial division; region 

or tract of country: — distrito. _^ 
district (of a village), n.:— baraiigai. 
district overseer, n.; head of the dis- 
trict; — cabesa de barangai. 
distrust, V,. ir.; to doubt; to suspect :~ti 

m&angoco. 
distrust, n.; want of confidence; want ot 

faith or reliance: — soepechoso. 
distrustful, adj., adv.; Buspicious:— 

sospechoso; josguan. 
distrustful person, n.;— jijosguan. 



disunite, V. tr.; to set at varmnce; to 

render mutually hostile :— nft-atar- 

ahtHo; traet6tna; yalac^; yac^. ^^ 
disunited, adj.; at variance: — apUng. 
ditch, n.; trench; moat*— guiiwtdog; 

sanjtl. 
dive, V. i.:— liof. 
diver, n.: — ^busero. 
divers, adj.; various; sundry: — difer- 

entes. 
diversion, n.; variation; pastime: — 

dibetsidn. 
divest. V. tr.; to despoil; to make base:- 

na.-tailaye. 
divide, v. tr.; to separate; to cut into 

parts: — dibide; desapatta; pagngas^ 

patt^. 
divide, v. tr.; to share; to participate:-^ 

fUcai. 
divide off, v. ir,; to hold back:— ^chofe. 
divine, v. i.; to guess :—aconseja. 
diviner, n.; fortune teller:— dibino. 
divisible, adj., adv.; partible:— dibi- 

diyon. 
division, n.; separation; difference; — 

separasidn. ... - .. 

division, n.; partition: — dibisidn; ilna- 

cai; ma-f4cai. 
divorce, n.; dissolution of marriage by 

legal authority:— dinibtitsia; yinftl. 
divorce, v. tr,; to dissolve marriage con- 
tract by legal authority:— deb^tsia; 

umS,yuti. 
divulge, V. tr.; to disclose: — pobhca. 
divulged, p. p.; diffused; spread abroad 

(rumors^ eic.):—n^-^^^-^S^'y ^^' 

chaleigu^. 
dizziness, n.; vertigo; giddiness:— in- 

atnxari&o. 

dizzy, adj., adv.; giddy:— timagof tfi- 

taotao. 
do, V. tr.; to build; to mold:— fatmas. 
docile, adj.; easy to teach; tractable; 

easily managed : — f S,n&guiyon. 
dock, n,.; quay; pier;— pantalSji. 
doctor, n.; physician; surgeon:— mfedico. 
dog, n..— gai&go (animal from the 

north) . 
doll, n.: — muflfica. 
domestic, adj.; private; homemade:— 

trastisgumlt. 
domicile, n.; residence; home:— resi- 

d6nsia. 
dominate, v. tr.; to reign over; to rule:— 

g6je; domina. 
do not! (the latin: noli):— chamol 
donate, -y. tr.; to turnover:— nae. 
donation, n.; gift: — ^ninfi-e. 
done, adj.; completed :—esta mon- 

jayan. 
door, n.: — potta. 
dose, n.; quantity ot medicine to be 

taken at, one time:— tumada. 
dot, n.; small point or speck:— punto. 
double, adj., adv.; two-fold; two of a 
8(^rt: — dobie; also written dobble. 



57 



dutiable 



doubt, n.; uncertainty of mind: — duda; 
jinecura; iecuH. 

doubt, V. I.; to question; to hesitate: — 
duda. 

doubtful, adj., adv.; dubious; question- 
able; undecided; undetermined: — 
dudoso; jumecua; jumejecuS. 
dough, (flour), n.: — yiuacfi, (pan). 
dove, n.; pigeon: — palunxa. 
dove, n.; ringdove: — ctinau; paluman 

ciinau (also: cunao). 
dower, n.: — dote, 
down, n.; soft feathers; hair:— na&flafia 

na piilo. 
downward, adv.; toward the ground: — 

para p&p^. 
draft, n.; sketch; outline; drawing: — 

pinenta. 
drag, V. tr.; to haul; to tug:— jala. 
dragnet, n.: — ciiincliulo. 
drain, n,; drainage: — canat. 
drake, n,; kite:— papalote. 
draw, V. tr.; to sketcli; to draft:— penta. 
draw a parallel between, v. tr.; to com- 
pare : — acomp ar a. 
draw down, v. tr.; to pull down; to take 

down; to snatch down: — chapag. 
draw nearer, v.i.; to approjich : — chijit; 

jumijot. * 

draw nigh, v. %.; to approach; to bring 

one's self near: — arima. 
draw off, V. tr.; to withdraw: — descu- 

enta. 
draw out, -y. fr.; to pull out:— lagnos; 

gosne. 
draw through, v. tr.: — ensatta. 
drawers, n.: — catsonsiyos. 
drawing, n.; sketch; plan: — dibujo. 
dread, n.; terror; reverential awe: — 

nH-ma&fLao. 
dread, v, tr.; to fear greatly; to ven- 
erate : — n^nialt2.ao. 
dreadful, adj., adv.; impressive; horri- 
ble : — gof-nSr-ma^fiao. 
dream, n,; — giUnife. 
dream, v. tr., v. i.; to fancy:— giUfe. 
dreamer, n. : — giif giiif e; y man-gtiiguif e. 
dredge, n.: — dreya. 
dredge, v. tr.; to clean out and deepen 

with a dredge: — dreya. 
dress, n.; cloth; material:— bestido: 

magago, 
dress, V, tr.; to get dressed; so dress one 

self: — beste; minagago. 
dressed up, orf^.; dolled up (referring to 

women):— ducherico; mamuda. 
drill, n.; borer: — bareua. 
drill (upright, run by power, to drill 

metals), n.: — broca. 
drill (of soldiers), v. tr.: — ejetslsio. 
drink, v. tr., v. a.;- guimen; guinem. 
onnk, V. tr.; to drink out of a bottle or 

glass: — boyug. 
^drinkable, a<^.; potable: — fau-guimf- 

nan; fan-guinfman; guimfnon. 
drinker, n.; — guegmen. 
idrip, V. I.;— tdje; tli]6. 



drive, v. tr.; to impel forward by force; 

to propel .'—ni-l&gusi; sugun. 
drive, V. tr.; to drivp in a wedge; — 

cufia. 

drive away, v. tr.; to disperse: — d41a- 

lag. 
drive back, v. tr.; to beat off; to repel:— 

rempuja. 
drive back, v. tr.; to repulse; to shake 

off; to cast off; — chanda, 
drive forward (speaking of the sea, 
driven forward under action of the 
wind), V. tr.; to blow (the wind); to 
blow away: — iniUa. 
drive on, v, tr.; to push along:— ^pog. 
drive out, v. tr,; to expel; to exile; to 

banish: — destilado; ddlulag, 
drop, n. fall; throw:— podong; yutl. 
drop, V. %.; to fall in drops: — gota. 
drown, v, *.;— -matmos; fidgndg. 
drowned, adj.; sunken: — ^matmos. 
drudge, v.i.; to labor hard: — machdchd 

duro. 
drug, n.; medicine:— amot. 
drum, n.: — tambot. 
drunk, adj., adv.; intoxicated: — bol&cho. 
drunkard, n.; tippler ;— bolacli^ro ; 

b^glacho. 
druxik, adj.; seasick;, in a stupor from 

smoking opium: — bolacho. 
dry, adj., adv.; arid; barren; destitute 

of moisture: — angld; dogiigos. 
dry, adj., adv.; wilted (leaves); trou- 
bled: — malayo. 
dry season, n.;— faaomnagan; somnag. 
drying space, n.; — fan a:]agl^an. 
dry up, V. %.; to become wrinkled: — 

jeddo; ma-j^ddo. 
dubious, adj., adv.; questionable; un- 
dicided; undetermined; doubtful: — 
dudoso. 
duck, V. %.; to hmnble one's self: — 

flejon|:. 
due, adj.; owed or owing; payable: — 

dibe. 
dull, adj., adv.; stupid; foolish; silly; 
simple:— alanga; b&ba; lailg^; laiigM; 
totpe. 
dull, adj., adv.; without a cutting edge or 

point:— iiafi6; majefoiig. 
dumb, adj., adv.; mute; silent; speech- 
less: — ^do. 
dungheap, n.: — taqufi-g&ga. 
dung pit, n.: — ^fanyutiyan; yutl 
dupe, n.; one easily tricked; credulous 

person:— lafigli. 
durable, adj., adv.: — mliog; masiso. 
duration, n.; endurance; continua- 
tion; — dinira; minaog. 
during:, prep.; while; when (time):— 

anai; durante. 
dusky, adj., adv.; dark: — jomjom. 
dust, n.; soot; haze: — asgon; potbos. 
dust, n.: — potbos. 
dust comer, n..— fafludlian; chuda, 
dutiable, adj.; subject to duty: — adu- 
anayon. 



duties 



58 



duties, n.; fees; customs duties; taxes:— 

derecb-os. 
duty, n.; tax; delivery: — tribute todo; 

irapu^sto; catga. 
dwarf, n.; human being much below 

the average height: — ziauo. 
dwell, 11, tr.: to reside; to inhabit:— 

dye, V, tr.; to stain; to color: — tuxnu. 
dye, V. tr.; to tan (leather): — tumo. 
dying, adj., adv.; very sick:— chatguJya. 



dyingr, v. i.: to be dying; to be deathly 

sick: — chafiig^. 

dynamo, electric, n.; — dinazuo el6c- 
trica; m^quinan el^ctrica. 

dj^entery, n.;— masimg Jag^^; jinag^. 
dyspepsia, n.; indigestion: — ch^tnot 
estdzaago. 

dyspeptic, n.; person afflicted with 
dyspepsia:— y taotao ni g4i-cli6tnot 
estoniag{ifl.a. 



E. 



eager, adj., adv.; zealous; ardent: — 

empefi&b; empeii6go. 
eagerness, n.; zeal: — empefio. 
eagle, n.: — &guila. 
ear, ti.;— talaiS^a. 
ear of com, n,; — nias6tca. 
ear, n.; handle; hook; rin^ :— dlliling. 
earlier, adj., adv.; sooner; prior: — 

gus§fi.a; m6na; mdnaiia; taftaffia. 
early, adj.; unripe: — mag^; taftaf. 
earn, v. tr.; to acquire; to procure by 

effort: — faichfichiie; gana; s6da. 
earn, v, tr ; to gain; to win; to defeat:—- 

gana; julat; ^iiio. 
earnest, adj., arfv.; grave; serious; sedate; 

sober; — ^fotmit. 
barrings, n.; ear pendants: — alltos. 
earth, n.; ground: — odfi.. 
earthenware, n.: — ^n&yan fachd. 
earthly, adj.; worldly; — od&. 
earthquake, n.: — ^l£nao. 
ease, »-; leisure; freedom from occupa- 
tion: — dinescansa; tdich^chd. 
easing, n,; relief; mitigation; allevia- 
tion: — desc&nso; majgofig. 
east, 71.: — c&tan. 
easter, n.; festival of the Christian 

Church pertaining to the resurrection 
f Jesus Chri8t:~p&sgua. 
eusy, adj.; not difficult: — ti m&pot. 
eat, V. tr,, v. i.: — cand; chocho. 
eat immoderately, v. tr., v. %.; to 

consume large quantities of food: — 

chumoeho d&fiog; dafl^tie. 
eaten away; gnawed at: — quin&tne. 
ebb, reflex of the tide: — mftte (y tasi). 
ebony, n.: — naatfit. 
eclipse (of the moon), n,: — quenaai6 

quiUs; quilis ptilan 
eclipse (of the sun), n.; — quilis &tdau; 

qulnilis dtdau. 
echo, »,; repetition of sound caused by 

reflection :-— opan. 
edge, n.: — canto. 

edge, n,; cutting edge (of a knife): — ^fllo. 
edge, n,; ledge of wood: — ^I68t6n. 
edge (table edge), n.; rim; border: — 

canto, 
edging, n.; border: — galon; sinta. 
edible, adj.; fit to be eaten as food; — 

canuon; voS/ia&dint, 
edict, n.; public proclamation; decree: — 

bando. 



edify, v. tr.: — ^nae y maiileg: na 

ejomplo; mama gulmS,; f^ni^'giie nl 

mauleg. 
educate, v. tr.; to impart knowledge: — 

educa; flin^^'giie; nl^yag. 
education, n..— educasi6n; fin§,nSgue; 

in-^yag, 
effect, n.; consequence; result: — jini- 

yong. 
enective, adj.; efficient: — actibp; na- 

jong; man julat. 
efficiency, n,; effectual agency; — jinilat; 

najong; nin^siua. 
efficient, arf/.-i powerful: — ^lui- jinilat; 

mi-ninasliia. 
effort, n.; attempt: — ^mamaich6ch6. 
©&S) "••' — chads., 
eggplant, n . : — bereng: jenas . 
eight, adj.: — dcho. 
eighth, adj.: — min& 6cho. 
eighty, adj.: — ochSnta. 
ei^er (one or the other), adj.: — guai- 

ichongj^; pat. 

either or , roTi;.;— pat pat. 

ejaculate, v, tr.; to utter suddenly: — 

i^^gsist. 
elaborate, adj.; complicated; highly fin- 
ished :^gu6f machague. 
elastic, adj.; rebounding: — jalS-yon yan 

jedtiyon. 
elate, v. tr.; to raise the spirits of: — 

anima; choneg; suon. 
elbow, n.; yard (measure): — codo; pdtio; 

sltio; tomon canai. 
elect, V. tr.; to name; to appoint: — 

elije; f&naan; nombra; s^iigan; ayeg. 
election, n.: — ^botasi6n. 
electric dynamo, n.: — dinanxo elec- 

trisid^. 
electric light, n.;— lus eldctrica. 
electric light plant, n.; — ^fabrlcan 

c&nded electrisidfi.. 
electric motor, n.: — ^motor electrisid&. 
elegant, adj., adv.; foppish; ajSected: — 

bonfto; ti-ta-chdch&. 
eleven, adj.: — onse. 
eligible, adj.; legally qualified: — nom- 

brayon. 
elocution,* n.; art; manner or style of 

speaking; delivery: — ^lnadef[^an. 
elope, V. i,; to run away: — um&saguan 

malago. 
embalm, v. tr.: — ma embatsama. 



duties 



58 



duties, n.; fees; customs duties; taxes:— 

derecb-os. 
duty, n.; tax; delivery: — tribute todo; 

irapu^sto; catga. 
dwarf, n.; human being much below 

the average height: — ziauo. 
dwell, 11, tr.: to reside; to inhabit:— 

dye, V, tr.; to stain; to color: — tuxnu. 
dye, V. tr.; to tan (leather): — tumo. 
dying, adj., adv.; very sick:— chatguJya. 



dyingr, v. i.: to be dying; to be deathly 

sick: — chafiig^. 

dynamo, electric, n.; — dinazuo el6c- 
trica; m^quinan el^ctrica. 

dj^entery, n.;— masimg Jag^^; jinag^. 
dyspepsia, n.; indigestion: — ch^tnot 
estdzaago. 

dyspeptic, n.; person afflicted with 
dyspepsia:— y taotao ni g4i-cli6tnot 
estoniag{ifl.a. 



E. 



eager, adj., adv.; zealous; ardent: — 

empefi&b; empeii6go. 
eagerness, n.; zeal: — empefio. 
eagle, n.: — &guila. 
ear, ti.;— talaiS^a. 
ear of com, n,; — nias6tca. 
ear, n.; handle; hook; rin^ :— dlliling. 
earlier, adj., adv.; sooner; prior: — 

gus§fi.a; m6na; mdnaiia; taftaffia. 
early, adj.; unripe: — mag^; taftaf. 
earn, v. tr.; to acquire; to procure by 

effort: — faichfichiie; gana; s6da. 
earn, v, tr ; to gain; to win; to defeat:—- 

gana; julat; ^iiio. 
earnest, adj., arfv.; grave; serious; sedate; 

sober; — ^fotmit. 
barrings, n.; ear pendants: — alltos. 
earth, n.; ground: — odfi.. 
earthenware, n.: — ^n&yan fachd. 
earthly, adj.; worldly; — od&. 
earthquake, n.: — ^l£nao. 
ease, »-; leisure; freedom from occupa- 
tion: — dinescansa; tdich^chd. 
easing, n,; relief; mitigation; allevia- 
tion: — desc&nso; majgofig. 
east, 71.: — c&tan. 
easter, n.; festival of the Christian 

Church pertaining to the resurrection 
f Jesus Chri8t:~p&sgua. 
eusy, adj.; not difficult: — ti m&pot. 
eat, V. tr,, v. i.: — cand; chocho. 
eat immoderately, v. tr., v. %.; to 

consume large quantities of food: — 

chumoeho d&fiog; dafl^tie. 
eaten away; gnawed at: — quin&tne. 
ebb, reflex of the tide: — mftte (y tasi). 
ebony, n.: — naatfit. 
eclipse (of the moon), n,: — quenaai6 

quiUs; quilis ptilan 
eclipse (of the sun), n.; — quilis &tdau; 

qulnilis dtdau. 
echo, »,; repetition of sound caused by 

reflection :-— opan. 
edge, n.: — canto. 

edge, n,; cutting edge (of a knife): — ^fllo. 
edge, n,; ledge of wood: — ^I68t6n. 
edge (table edge), n.; rim; border: — 

canto, 
edging, n.; border: — galon; sinta. 
edible, adj.; fit to be eaten as food; — 

canuon; voS/ia&dint, 
edict, n.; public proclamation; decree: — 

bando. 



edify, v. tr.: — ^nae y maiileg: na 

ejomplo; mama gulmS,; f^ni^'giie nl 

mauleg. 
educate, v. tr.; to impart knowledge: — 

educa; flin^^'giie; nl^yag. 
education, n..— educasi6n; fin§,nSgue; 

in-^yag, 
effect, n.; consequence; result: — jini- 

yong. 
enective, adj.; efficient: — actibp; na- 

jong; man julat. 
efficiency, n,; effectual agency; — jinilat; 

najong; nin^siua. 
efficient, arf/.-i powerful: — ^lui- jinilat; 

mi-ninasliia. 
effort, n.; attempt: — ^mamaich6ch6. 
©&S) "••' — chads., 
eggplant, n . : — bereng: jenas . 
eight, adj.: — dcho. 
eighth, adj.: — min& 6cho. 
eighty, adj.: — ochSnta. 
ei^er (one or the other), adj.: — guai- 

ichongj^; pat. 

either or , roTi;.;— pat pat. 

ejaculate, v, tr.; to utter suddenly: — 

i^^gsist. 
elaborate, adj.; complicated; highly fin- 
ished :^gu6f machague. 
elastic, adj.; rebounding: — jalS-yon yan 

jedtiyon. 
elate, v. tr.; to raise the spirits of: — 

anima; choneg; suon. 
elbow, n.; yard (measure): — codo; pdtio; 

sltio; tomon canai. 
elect, V. tr.; to name; to appoint: — 

elije; f&naan; nombra; s^iigan; ayeg. 
election, n.: — ^botasi6n. 
electric dynamo, n.: — dinanxo elec- 

trisid^. 
electric light, n.;— lus eldctrica. 
electric light plant, n.; — ^fabrlcan 

c&nded electrisidfi.. 
electric motor, n.: — ^motor electrisid&. 
elegant, adj., adv.; foppish; ajSected: — 

bonfto; ti-ta-chdch&. 
eleven, adj.: — onse. 
eligible, adj.; legally qualified: — nom- 

brayon. 
elocution,* n.; art; manner or style of 

speaking; delivery: — ^lnadef[^an. 
elope, V. i,; to run away: — um&saguan 

malago. 
embalm, v. tr.: — ma embatsama. 



embaiilt 

embank, v. tr.; to protect by a bank;— 
baxicada. 

embark, v. <r.:— embatca; ma^dae eui 
eajyan. 

embarrass, v. tr,; to perplex; to dis- 

treasr— nft-ch&tjinaso. 
embellish, v. tr,; to make beautiful:— 

n&-g&tbo. 
embitter, v, tr.; to incite; to stir up; to 

insult:— na-layd; na-t6njos. 
emboss, v. tr,; to confound; to tire; to 
bore:— n&-d6ga©; n&-<5B0n; na-t^njos. 
embrace, v. tr.; to take into one's arma:— 

togtog. 
embroider, v. tr.; to stitch:— b6tda. 
embroidery, n.; laces: — enc&jes. 
emergency, n.; sudden necesaity; strait: 

criBiBi — dangculo txA nesesidft. 
emigrant, n.; one who quits his own 
country to settle in another:— es- 
tranjero; t^otao nl ju manio gui 
tandna para u saga gui 6tro tand. 
emigrate, v, i.;— Jumanao para otro 

tand. 
emolument, n.; profit; remuneration:- 

ganansia; remuuerasi6n. 
emotion, n.: — siniente. 
emperor, n.; — emperad6t, 
empire, n,; realm; state:~imp6rio. 
employ, v. /r..-- emplea; na-gdi-ch^chd. 
employ reason, v. ir.;— g&i jin&so. 
empty, adj., adv.; vacant within; hollow; 

void: — ^basio; gueco; t^i-sindjguan. 
emulate, v. i.; to contend:— qui igue. 
enable, v. tr.; to make able:— para u 

sifLa. 
enamel, n,; lacquer- paint:— pintura. 
enamored, adj.; in love:— amorfi,o: 

enamordo. 
enclose, v. tr.; to incase; to frame:— 

encaja; engatea; jtichom. 
encompass, v. tr.; to border; to en- 
close; — engatsa; oriydye. 
encounter, v. tr.; to come upon sudden- 
ly ; — um&tugoflg. 
encourage, v. tr.; to inspire:— anima: 

abiba; n4-bal€nte. 
encouragement, n,:— binalente; 

inabiba; minatatfiga. 
end, n.: — hnagpd; uttimo. 
end, n.; border: — c^iin. 
endj n.; conclusion; finish:— fin: finagpd; 

nundgtus, 
endeavor, v. tr.; to try; to take pains:- 

nft-qu$8illa; empefia. 
endless, adj.^ {Kfo.:— t&i-finagpfi; tdi- 

jinecog. 
endless, ady,, adv.; infinite; limitless: — 

t&tnad-magtus; uguiyon. 
endurance, n.; continuation;' dura- 
tion: — dixiira; mine8fi|;on. 
endure, v, %.; to last; to abide; to con- 
tinue: — dura; sufi^on. 
endure, v. tr.; to sustain; to tolerate; 
to bear; to support:— aguanta: 
aguante; eufigon. 

4562—18- 5 



59 



entrance 



enemy, n./ opponent; — enemigo: 

achatnfimo; achatatanmo. 
energetic, adj.y adv.; strong;— em- 

pefioso. 
energy, n.;— empefio. 
enervate, v. tr., v. L; to slacken; to 

relax; to become enervated: — cuiu&- 

calo. 
engage, v. tr.; to bind by contract:- 

umc&contrata. 
engine, n,: — m&quina. 
engineer, n.: — enjini^ro. 
engrave, v. tr.; to cut or carve in sunken 

patterns:^binetdan maguadoc. 
engraving, n..-— renaya. 
enhance, v. tr.; U) advance; to raise in 

esteem; to heighten in price or value- — 

tin&icMi. 
enjoy, V. tr.; to have the pleasure or 

benefit of; to use as food or as drink: — 

aprbbecha; g68a. 
enlarge, v. tr.; to make deeper;— na-l&- 

modu^. 
enlarge, v. tr:; to extend; to expand:— 

n&-d&n^culo; estiende. 
enliehten, v. tr.; to illuminate:— 

aclara. 
enliven, v. tr.; to animate:— nft-lala. 
enmity, n.:— ina'chatlll; chinatUl; 

qmnentrdrio. 
enormous, adj.; excessive; immense: 
very great:— s$n-d&Sgculoj guefdd^- 
culo. 

enough, adj., adv.; sufficient:- najont. 
enough of that noise 1 — ^mampos na 
burucal 

enough, adv.; sufficiently:— basta: yesta 
najong. 

enrapture, v. tr.; to overjoy; to fill 

with ecstasy: — enc^ata. 
enroU, v. tr.; to enlist:— ma-najalom 

gui Usta. 
entangle, V. tr.; to ensnare; to perplex; 

to bewilder :^ — ^n4-g&don. 
entangled, adj.; confused; intricate:— 

g&don; ma-yalacS. 
entanglement, n.: — guinadon; enredo. 
enter, v. tr.; to go into; to come into; 

to penetrate: — jatme. 
enter into an agreement, v. tr., v. i.; 

to close a contract: — contrata: 

umSL^joye. 
entertain, v. tr.; to receive and treat 

hospitably: — tand. 
enteHainment, n.; conversation:— 

um&tanfi; conbet8asi6n. 
enthusiasm, n.: ardor of mind:^ 

gtiinaiya 
entice, i),fr.,v.i.; to allure: — catiye: n&- 

A]i; n&-malag6, 
entire, adj., adv.; total; — entero. 
entomb, v, tr.; to place in a tomb: — 

ma-mcho. 
entrance, n.; the act of entering;— 

entrada; jinalom. 
entrance, n.; f oreroom : — entrada. 



error, n.: — fatta, inabag. 

error, v. i.; to be in error; to be mis- 
taken : — chd taxi. 

error, n./ misunderstanding: — Ixnache; 
equibocaeidn. 

erupt (speaking of a volcano), v. %.: — 
zixut&. 

escape, v. i.; to run away; to flee:— 
falag;o. 

escort, V. Ir.: accompany: — g&cho£g- 
fiaf jon; ei^iijon. 

escort, n.; accompaniment; convoy: — 
accoznpafLaniiento; in-esg^iyon; ines- 
gdijon. 

especially, adv.; particularly: — ^mayot- 
znente. 

essential, adj.; necessary: — ^neses&rio; 
preEdso. 

establish, v. ir.; to introduce; to arrange; 
to inaugurate: — establ^se; manjdle. 

establishment, n./ place of business: — 
establem^nto; establesimidnto. 

estate, n.; property: — ^fangtialtlan* 

esteem, v, tr.; to respect: — Jaf-e. 

esteemed, adj.; respected; highly re- 
garded : — estima; inestima. 

estimate, v. tr.; to consider; to calcu- 
late:— fail&mfim; fi-I&mon; tfisa. 



fftlreati 60 

entreaty, n,; request .—guinagau. 

entrust, v. tr., v. i,; to confide; to look 
for; to expect; to hope: — a^oco; 
con£a; t^guan. 

entry, n./ioreroom: — entrada. 
envelope, n..- — aobren catta. 
enviable, ctdj.; exciting envy: — linatga. 
envious, v. %.; to be envious: — layd. 
envious, adj,^ adv.; discontented: — layd. 
envious, adj., adv,; jealous; grudging: — 

embididsa; latga; kg6. 
environment, n.: — condisi6n; oriya. 
envy, n.; jealousy: — ^inlgo; embfdia, 
epidenuc, n.: — epid6mia; sdgo. 
epilepsy, n.: — epilepsia; repot, 
episode, n.; an incident: — ejemplo. 
epoch, n.: — Spoca. 
equal: — vindicated by prefixing cha- or 

ach&-. 
equal, v, %.; to equal some one: — alap&t. 
equal in weight, n.; — ch&-U]d^ag. 
equator, n.: — tal6. 
equipoise, n.; equilibrium; equality in 

weight; balance: — ^y chinii'' u£|^ag. 
equip, V, ir.; to fit out; to prepare:— pre- 

paraye. 
equitable, adj.; impartial; just: — tunas, 
equivalent, adj.; equal: — ^pumariBJo. 
era, n.; period: — ^a^yo na tiempo. 
eradicate, v. tr,; to erase: — ^funas. 
erase, v. ir.; to obliterate: — ^funas. 
erect, adj.; upright: — tunas juld an 

P&P&. 
erect, v. tr.; to erect on a foundation: — 

jatsa; n4-cajul<l. 
erect, v. tr.; to raise; to lift up; to pick 

up, (from the floor): — jatsa. 
err, v. i.; to commit an error: — fatta; 



excepted 



etch, V. tr.; to engrave:— r&ya; mS.tca. 

eternal, adj., adv.: — tal jinecog; ti 

jfjocog. 
eternity, n.: — tinaichii. 
etiquette, n.; good breeding; the con- 
ventional rules of deportment: — tom- 
tom; tin^mtom. 
eucharist, n,; the holy communion: — 

comuni6n. 
eulog^e, V, tr.; to praise highly: — ttina. 
European, n.: — t&otao Ifigo (meaning 

the man from the north). 
evade, v. tr.; to avoid (ain); to turn out of 

the way; — ebita; letque. 
evade, v. ir.; to flee:— ^letque. 
evaporate, v. tr.; — ^m&gap; malingo 

(como y janom gui aire). 
evaporation, n.; — minagapflaf jon. 
evasion n.; expedient; excuse: — 

falagtUyonj escusa. 
even, adv.: — achugja; masea. 
even, adj., adv.; level; plain; smooth: — 

yano; liso; majloB. 
evening, n.:-rpupu6fi|;ue. 
evening before a festivity, n.: — 

afunan gupot; bisperan gupot, 
evenly, adv.; uniformly: — ^patco; parejo, 
event, n.; an occurrence: — suseso; 

einesede. 
eventually, adj., adv.; ultimately:— 

alosHttimos. 
ever, adv.; at any time: — jam&s. 
every, adj.; each; — cSpdS, or cada uno. 

every time when , conj.: — ^a^nai-jA. 

evidence,n./ proof; testimony: — ^prueba. 
evilj adj., adv.; morally bad; wicked; 

mischievous; — t&Haye; baba. 
evil-minded, adj.; ill-disposed: — ^mal 

intension&o. 
evince, v. tr,; to prove; to show; to 

demonstrate :— f fiji^e. 
eviscerate, v. tr.; to gut:— destilipas. 
evolution, n,; development; growui: — 

adelanto; lin^l£L. 
exact, adj., adv.; strict; accurate; pre- 
cise: — estricto; dinanche. 
exacting, adj., adv.; oppressive: — ^m.a- 

gagajet; par^rejo. 
exactly, adv.; fitting snugly: — ajust&o; 

dina^'ncheche. 
exaggerate, v. tr., v, i.:—n&, d&^culo 

mas que y mina-g&jet. 
exalted, adj.:—jnSkgaa. 
exa^tnination, n./ test; trial: — chinague; 

exdmen, 
example, n.; sample; p a r a b 1 e: — 

ejemplo; mu^stra. 
excavate, v. tr.; to dig out: — guaje; 

guadog. 
exceed, v. tr.; to surpass; to excel: — 

upos. 
excel, V. tr.; overtop; to surpass: — diles; 

igue. 
excellent^ adj.^ adv,: — ^patticul&t. 
except, prep.; outside of: — ^fu6ra de; 

fu^ra. 
excepted, adj.; free: — ecseptu&o. 



eiceplioiial 

exceptional, adj., arfv.:— Bobresaliente. 
excess, n.; superfluity: — ^roinampos. 
exchange, v. tr.; to trade:— tulaica. 
excite, v, tr.; to animate; to arouse: — 

l^jan. 
exclaim, v. i.; to cry out suddenly:— 

umaganl^. 
exclude someone, v. tr,: — ^n4-fuera; 

nl-sdjfigue. 
exclusion, n,; omission: — ^ninlta&jiS&ue. 
excrement, n.; matter discharged irom 

animal body after digestion: — taqu^ 

gd.ga. 

exculpate, v. tr,,' excuse: — discutpa. 
excuse, n.; evasion; expedient: — fala- 

giifyon; esciiea. 
excuse, v. tr,; to exculpate:— dispensa; 

eactisa. 
execute, v. ir,;- jotca; fatinas. 
executive, n.; administrative branch 

of the government: — ejecutibo. 
exemplify, v. tr,; to illustrate by ex- 
ample :— chachalane. 
exercise, y. tr.: — ejetse; ejetaita. 
exert, v, i,; to exert one's self :— usune. 
exhaust, v. tr.; to drain; to weaken: — 

nd.-7afai; la''chai. 
exhausted, adj.; all used up: — mfl,- 

ISchai; lina^chae; ma-n4-y4fai. 
exhausted; at the end:— «6n-juto; 

mi-jtito. 
exhibit, v. tr.; to display; to boast; to 

expose to view: — ^fata. 
exhibition, n.: — ^ftnata. 
exhilarate, v. tr,; to make glad; to 

enliven: — nSL~m.&got. 
exhortation, n.; admonition: — abiao. 
exile, V. tr.; to banish; to drive out; to 

expel: — destilado; diilalac. 
exist, V. i.; to be:— luinaia. 
exonerate, v. tr.; to acquit; — aati. 
expand, v. tr.; to enlarge; to extend; 

to widen; — estidnde; na-mapgui. 
expectorate, v. %.; to spit: — tunx61a. 
expedient, n.; excuse; evasion; — ^fala- 

gliiyon. 
expedite, v. tr,; to hurry; to accellerate; 

to dispatch: — apura. 
expedition, n.: — ecspediaidn,- eapedi- 

si<5n. 
eM>el, V, tr.; to exile: — destilado; 

ddlalag. 
expend, v. tr.; to spend (money); — 

gasta. 
expenditure, n,; disbursement; — gas- 
ton salapd. 
expenses, n.; costs; consumption; — 

gaato. 
expennve, adj,; valuable; precioue; — 

gU&gUMl. 

experience, n.; dexterity; skill; — ^linll- 

mon; pinayon. 
experienced, adj.; versed; skilled: — 

esperimdnto. 
expert, n.: — ^p6rito; prdctico. 



61 



Gfesore 



expiate, v. tr.; to make reparation; to 
give satisfaction; to pay; to reconcile:— 
empas. 
expiation, n.; reparation: — espiasidn; 

inempas. 
explain, v, tr.; to make clear; to ex- 
. pound : — espUca. 
explanation, n.; interpretation:— in- 

tetpretasidn; plnfia. 
explode, v, %.; to burst:- m^pta; 

pdgpag. 
explore, v. tr.: — descubre, 
explosive, n.: — m1nanil& (c o m o y 

dinamfta). 
expose, V. tr.; to lay open:— taia. 
expose, V. tr.; to expose to the sun: — 

aja. 
expose to view, v. tr.; to exhibit; to 

display; to boast:- fata, 
exposition, n.: — esposisidn. 
express, v. tr.; to exhibit by language: — 

espresa. 
expression, n.; mode of speech:— 

sasan^&nfia. 
expulsion, n.; forcible ejection: — mad-fi' 

lalag. 
exquisite, adj.; delicate; nice; dainty; 

refined: — flno. 
extend courtesy, v. i.; to show one's 

self courteous: — cottesiaye. 
extend, v. tr.; to expand; to enlarge: — 

estiende. 
extended, adj., adv.; long: — an&cd. 
extension, n.; act or state of extend- 
ing;— inalatge; estension. 
extei^ive, adj., adv.: — estensibo. 
exterior, adj,, adv.; external: — auman- 

jiyon^. 
exterminate, v. tr.; to destroy utterly: — 

n&-l&chai; ma-fiinas. 
external, adj.; outside; exterior:— 

sumanjiyod^. 
extinguish, v, tr.; to put an end to; to 

blot out; to wipe out: — bora; pun6. 
extinguish, v, tr.; to extinguish the 
light:— pun6. 

extirpable, acff/ eradicable (capable of 
being pulled out by the roots): — 
jaUon. 

extraordinary, orf?., adv.; remarkable; 
rare; eminent; special:— ti sesOr 

extravagance, n.; prodigality; waste- 
fulness: — g&stadot. 

extreme, adj., adv.; of the highest 
degree; last; utmost: — t&ipcu:ejo. 

eye, n.: — &tadoc. 

eye bandage, n.: — ^bendas. 

eyebrows, n.: — sejas. 

eyelash, n.;— ba'l)ale. 

eyelid, n.;— ba'bale; l^sas itadoc. 

eyesight, n.; range of vision: — ^linl! y 
&tadog. 

eyesore, n.; anything that offends the 
sight: — jindmen inatILn; puten m&ta. 



iaUe 



62 



fate 



F. 



fable, «./ a short fictitious narrative; 

also an idle story; a falsehood: — 

f&bula. 
face, n.; countenance; looks; appear- 
ance: — mat a; cara; rostro, 
facial, adj.; pertaining to the face:— 

iyon mata. 
facaUtate, v. tr.; to relieve; to make 

easier or lighter: — alfbia. 
fact, n.; anything that ie done; reality; 

event; truth: — mizxag&jet. 
factory, n.: — f&brica; factorfa. 
fad, n.; a pet idea; a passing fashion: — 

blsio; ti-4bmam na m6da ot ti-dbmam 

na m6da. 
fade, V. %.; to lose color; to wither; to 

languish: — funas; ml-mAfnas; nft- 

aiig:16. 
fail, V. %.; to fall short; to be deficient; 

to turn out badly ;—caj^6; dimalas. 
fail, V. tr.; to be wanting; to forsake: — 

dumiixialaB. 
fail to meet some one, v. tr.; to fail 

to fall in with;— aiaisen. 
faUing, n.; a fault- weakness; imperfec- 
tion :^linache; dinebit. 
faint, n.; swoon: — lalan^ofLaijon; 

la''lango, 
faint, 1). i.; to fall in a swoon: — la1aJ%o; 

mamaita''guan. 
faint, adj., adi\; weak; infirm; — d€bit. 
fainting, adj.; in a swoon; — ^lalango. 
fair, adj., adv.; handsome; genteel; 

fine: — gadbo. 
fairness, n.; the quality of being fair; 

equitv; candor: — ^inasentado; ti fina- 

baba/ 

faith, n,; belief: — ^fe; jinefi^gue, 

faithful, adj.^ adv.; true; loyal: — ti 
ja-traedute; fieL 

falthle^, adj.; unfaithful; treacherous: — 
flLba^aba; traid6t. 

ake , r . 1. ; to cheat ; to dodge ; to swindle : — 
f&ba^ba. 

fake, n..; dodge; cheat; swindler; trick- 
ster: — dinSgue; finibaba; atte. 

fall asleep, v. i.: — matujog; maigo. 

fall, V. i.; to descend; to decline; — 
basna^. 

faU, V. %.; to tumble: — ^podu^; aUo: 
podong. 

fall headlong, v. %.: — acha^icag. 

fallen, adj.; degraded; ruined: — ^nxa- 
destrosa. 

falling, adj.; moving downward; sink- 
ing : — ^p 6podo£g'» 

false, adj., adv:; unreal; not genuine: — 
fatso. 

false, adj.^ adv.; lying: — dacon. 

falsify, 1?. tr.; to forge:— f&baba; fateifica. 

falsify, V. tr,; to lead astray- to harm; to 
injure:— na-ta''ilaye; fibaba. 

fame, n.; reputation: — fama 

familiar, aai,; well acquainted or inti- 
mate; affable: — guef-umatun^d 
um^'^payune. 



family, n.:— familia. 

family lineage, n.: — trongcon familia. 

famine, n.; extreme deanth; scarcity:— 

jasan; mdtai-nalai^. 
famous, adj., adv.; distinguished: — dis- 

tiiS&guido,' afam^o. 
fan (By awatter), n.;— ftbanico; panag- 

lalo. 
fan (used in building a fire), n.;— gdja. 
fancied, adj.; imaginary: — ^jinalom 

jalom. . 
fancy, v. tr.; to ima^ne; to take a liking 

to:^guaiya; imdjina na-jalom. 
fancy, n.; idea; notion; liking:— idea; 

jinaso; guinaiya. 
fang, n.; tusk; saddleroU; saddle pad:— 

cotniyoB. 
fajitastic, adj.; ^otesque; odd: — tim.a- 

gajet; tijo^guiyon. 
far, adj.; distant; far off: — chagd. 
farce, n.; ridciulous or empty parade; — 

taigrasia; mat&pang. 
fare, n.; provisions of a table; also sum 

paid for conveyance by railroad, etc. : — 

n^ncand; pat (or) apas pasaje. 
farewell, inter j.; may you fare well; may 

you prosper: — adios, felis biaje. 
farm, n.; wordly possessions:— hasi- 

enda; sementera; lancho. 
farmer, n.; peasant:- lanchero; semen- 

tero. 
farther, adj.; more distant or remote; 

additional: — chagdna; mas. 
fascinate, v. tr.; to bewitch; to capiti- 

vate:— <!ajnaye; encanta. 
fascination, n.; attraction; charm; — 

inencanta. 
fashion, n.; conventional custom in 

dress: — ^moda: estilo, 
fashionable, adj.; according to the pre- 
vailing mode: — ^moda; modiata. 
fast, adj., adv.; strong; hard; firm:— 

fltme. 
fast, 71.; time of fasting; lent:— ayimat; 

cuaresma; tienpon ayunat, 
fast, V. %.; to go without food:— ayunat. 
fast, adj.; quick; speedy; expeditious: — 

chadeg; listo. 
fasten, v. tr.; to tie on; to bind: — gode. 
fasten, t;. tr.; to strengthen: — nik-meton. 
fasten with nails^ v. tr.; to hammer: — 

atane. 
fastening (for clothing), n,; large but- 
ton: — casaca; batunes di^culo. 
fat, adj.; corpulent; fleshy: — chebot; 

yomog. 
fat (of the cow), n.; suet:— sebo; mantica. 
fat (from pigs), n.; grease: — ^mantica. 
fat, adj.; greasy: — ^manemp€ya; man- 
tica, 
fat, n.; salve: — junto, 
fat man,*!!.; — chebot. 
fatal, adj.; mortal; causing death or de- 
struction; — tetminao pSra ayo fina- 

taifLa. 
fate, n.; destiny: — destino. 



iaUe 



62 



fate 



F. 



fable, «./ a short fictitious narrative; 

also an idle story; a falsehood: — 

f&bula. 
face, n.; countenance; looks; appear- 
ance: — mat a; cara; rostro, 
facial, adj.; pertaining to the face:— 

iyon mata. 
facaUtate, v. tr.; to relieve; to make 

easier or lighter: — alfbia. 
fact, n.; anything that ie done; reality; 

event; truth: — mizxag&jet. 
factory, n.: — f&brica; factorfa. 
fad, n.; a pet idea; a passing fashion: — 

blsio; ti-4bmam na m6da ot ti-dbmam 

na m6da. 
fade, V. %.; to lose color; to wither; to 

languish: — funas; ml-mAfnas; nft- 

aiig:16. 
fail, V. %.; to fall short; to be deficient; 

to turn out badly ;—caj^6; dimalas. 
fail, V. tr.; to be wanting; to forsake: — 

dumiixialaB. 
fail to meet some one, v. tr.; to fail 

to fall in with;— aiaisen. 
faUing, n.; a fault- weakness; imperfec- 
tion :^linache; dinebit. 
faint, n.; swoon: — lalan^ofLaijon; 

la''lango, 
faint, 1). i.; to fall in a swoon: — la1aJ%o; 

mamaita''guan. 
faint, adj., adi\; weak; infirm; — d€bit. 
fainting, adj.; in a swoon; — ^lalango. 
fair, adj., adv.; handsome; genteel; 

fine: — gadbo. 
fairness, n.; the quality of being fair; 

equitv; candor: — ^inasentado; ti fina- 

baba/ 

faith, n,; belief: — ^fe; jinefi^gue, 

faithful, adj.^ adv.; true; loyal: — ti 
ja-traedute; fieL 

falthle^, adj.; unfaithful; treacherous: — 
flLba^aba; traid6t. 

ake , r . 1. ; to cheat ; to dodge ; to swindle : — 
f&ba^ba. 

fake, n..; dodge; cheat; swindler; trick- 
ster: — dinSgue; finibaba; atte. 

fall asleep, v. i.: — matujog; maigo. 

fall, V. i.; to descend; to decline; — 
basna^. 

faU, V. %.; to tumble: — ^podu^; aUo: 
podong. 

fall headlong, v. %.: — acha^icag. 

fallen, adj.; degraded; ruined: — ^nxa- 
destrosa. 

falling, adj.; moving downward; sink- 
ing : — ^p 6podo£g'» 

false, adj., adv:; unreal; not genuine: — 
fatso. 

false, adj.^ adv.; lying: — dacon. 

falsify, 1?. tr.; to forge:— f&baba; fateifica. 

falsify, V. tr,; to lead astray- to harm; to 
injure:— na-ta''ilaye; fibaba. 

fame, n.; reputation: — fama 

familiar, aai,; well acquainted or inti- 
mate; affable: — guef-umatun^d 
um^'^payune. 



family, n.:— familia. 

family lineage, n.: — trongcon familia. 

famine, n.; extreme deanth; scarcity:— 

jasan; mdtai-nalai^. 
famous, adj., adv.; distinguished: — dis- 

tiiS&guido,' afam^o. 
fan (By awatter), n.;— ftbanico; panag- 

lalo. 
fan (used in building a fire), n.;— gdja. 
fancied, adj.; imaginary: — ^jinalom 

jalom. . 
fancy, v. tr.; to ima^ne; to take a liking 

to:^guaiya; imdjina na-jalom. 
fancy, n.; idea; notion; liking:— idea; 

jinaso; guinaiya. 
fang, n.; tusk; saddleroU; saddle pad:— 

cotniyoB. 
fajitastic, adj.; ^otesque; odd: — tim.a- 

gajet; tijo^guiyon. 
far, adj.; distant; far off: — chagd. 
farce, n.; ridciulous or empty parade; — 

taigrasia; mat&pang. 
fare, n.; provisions of a table; also sum 

paid for conveyance by railroad, etc. : — 

n^ncand; pat (or) apas pasaje. 
farewell, inter j.; may you fare well; may 

you prosper: — adios, felis biaje. 
farm, n.; wordly possessions:— hasi- 

enda; sementera; lancho. 
farmer, n.; peasant:- lanchero; semen- 

tero. 
farther, adj.; more distant or remote; 

additional: — chagdna; mas. 
fascinate, v. tr.; to bewitch; to capiti- 

vate:— <!ajnaye; encanta. 
fascination, n.; attraction; charm; — 

inencanta. 
fashion, n.; conventional custom in 

dress: — ^moda: estilo, 
fashionable, adj.; according to the pre- 
vailing mode: — ^moda; modiata. 
fast, adj., adv.; strong; hard; firm:— 

fltme. 
fast, 71.; time of fasting; lent:— ayimat; 

cuaresma; tienpon ayunat, 
fast, V. %.; to go without food:— ayunat. 
fast, adj.; quick; speedy; expeditious: — 

chadeg; listo. 
fasten, v. tr.; to tie on; to bind: — gode. 
fasten, t;. tr.; to strengthen: — nik-meton. 
fasten with nails^ v. tr.; to hammer: — 

atane. 
fastening (for clothing), n,; large but- 
ton: — casaca; batunes di^culo. 
fat, adj.; corpulent; fleshy: — chebot; 

yomog. 
fat (of the cow), n.; suet:— sebo; mantica. 
fat (from pigs), n.; grease: — ^mantica. 
fat, adj.; greasy: — ^manemp€ya; man- 
tica, 
fat, n.; salve: — junto, 
fat man,*!!.; — chebot. 
fatal, adj.; mortal; causing death or de- 
struction; — tetminao pSra ayo fina- 

taifLa. 
fate, n.; destiny: — destino. 



fatelid 



63 



fibrous 



fateful, adj.f adv.: possessing fatal powers; 

fatal : — ^estinao. 
father, n.: — tata. 
father confessor, n.; — comf esdt. 
father-in-law, n.: — sue gxo . 
father, n.; priest: — palS. 
father, n.;lord; master: — a'saina. 
fatie^ue, n.; -weariness; mental or bodily 

exhaustion : — Eif atigao. 
fatten, v. tr.; to make fat; to feed for the 

table:— na,-yomog; pogsai. 
fatten up, v. ir., v. i.: — -nftp-yoniog^. 
faucet, n.; short pipe with a valve used 

for drawing liquids from kegs: — gidifo. 
fault. 71,; Blight offense; blemish: — de- 

fecto. 
fault-finding, adj., adv.; hair-sphtting; 

carping: — atito. 
faulty, adj., adv.; incorrect: — g&i de- 
facto, 
favor, n.; kindness; grace: — grasia; 

fab6t. 
favor, n.; protection; patronage: — fina- 

borese; fabot. 
favor, V. tr.; to aid; to protect; to patron- 
ize: — ^faboreae. 
favorable, adj., adv.; auspicious; well- 
disposed : — ^f ab orable . 
favorite, n.: minion: — ^y ma-fabo- 

rdrese. 
favorite, n.; bosom child: — j et-mas 

ma-guaiya; y ma-faborerese; bufi^a. 
fawn on, v. i.; to wheedle; to flatter: — 

fS.-andi. 
fear, v. tr.; tobe afraid of: — ^ma^^'flau, or: 

ma&^fiao. 
fear, n.; apprehension of evil or danger:^ 

nuna&^flau, or: min&a^fiao. 
fearful, adj., adv.; timorous; timid; 

apprehensive ; cowardly : — da^ue . 
fearless, adj., arfy..— tHi-ftftau; Ui- 

ma§,nau. 
feasible, adj., adv.; practicable: — nS.- 

sinayon. 
-feast, n.; sumptuous repast; festival: — 

fiesta; gupot. 
feast, n.; ceremony; solemnity: — gupot. 
feather, n.; plume: — plumaje. 
feathers, n.; chicken feathers: — pulon 

manug, or: manog. 
feature, n.; outline; characteristic: — 

flguran mata. 
February, n.: — ^febrero; maim6. 
fecundity, n,; fertility: — ^fottalesa. 
fee, n.; a compensation for service ren- 
dered; gratuity: — apas. 
feed, V. tr.; nourish; to support: — chugd; 

alim^nta; nil-chocho. 
feed, V. tr.; to furnish fodder to: — ^pugue. 
feed, V. tr.; to feed the fire; to feed the 

light: — toti^ue; totne. 
feel, V. tr., v. t.: — tantea. 
feel, V. tr.; to touch: — siente. 
feel, V. %.; to suffer: — chuot; padese. 
feelers (of a crawfish), n.: — ^batbas 

ujang. 



feeling, n.; perception; sense of touch :^ 

siniente. 

fees, n.; duties, custom duties; taxes: — 
derechos; apas; aduana. 

feign, V. tr,; to hide; to conceal; to keep 
secret; to disaemble: — disiixiula. 

feUow, n,; comrade; friend: — gg,cho]%. 

fellowship, n.; association; society: — 
g^chong; compaiiero, 

felon, n.; one guilty of felony; — g&i 
isao ni da^'ngculo. 

felony, n.; a crime punishable by im- 
prisonment or death: — isao ni da'ng- 
culo. 

felt, n.; a fabric composed of wool and 
hair pressed together;— timfog gapu- 
nulo yan lana. 

felt hat, n.: — Ujong castod. 

female, adj.: — ^hembra; paUuan, 

female, n.: — ^palg,uan. 

fence, n.; hedge :^—colat. 

fender, n.; cushion of rope, intended 
to protect the bow and sides of a 
ship: — fin& ^lunan tale para y 
oriyan y batco para china; mayu- 
yulaiig; yan maoto. 

fender, n.; automobile fender: — tanpen 
fachi. 

ferment, v. i.: — mumaagsom; lu- 
malald, 

fermentation, n.: — mina-S.gsom; bini- 
lacho. 

ferocious, adj., adv.; savage; fierce: — 
malamafia; ni^mag.nao. 

ferocity, n.; cruelty; savs^eness: — 
min^amafla. 

fertile, adj., adv.; rich; productive; 
yielding: — g&i fottalesa; ganansioso. 

Tfertile, adj., adv.; fruitful; prolific (re- 
ferring to the propagation of man or 
animal) :^ata8.g; ma-mamta. 

fertility, n.; fecundity :—finamta; fot- 
talesa. 

fervor, n.; intensity of feelii]^; zeal; 
warmth: — todo y nin&sifiafLa; todo y 
minagofiia. 

fester, v. i.; to suppurate: — ^failugo. 

festive garb, n.: — gala. 

fetch, D. tr.; to go after and bring: — 
chul3. 

fetch a meal, v. tr.: — cdlau. 

fetter, v. tr.; to chain: — padrlgulyos; 
cadena. 

feud, n.; quarrel between families: — 
plait6n familia. 

fever, V. %.; to catch fever; to become 

ill with fever: — calentura, 
fever, n.: — calentura. 
few, adj.; not many: — unos cuantos; 

jasan. 

fiasco, 71.; complete failure: — linache. 
fiber, n,; sinew; tendon; vein; nerve: — 
gugat. 

fibrous, ad)., adv.; composed of fibers: — 
guinigatan; migugat. 



fickle 



64 



Same 



fickle, odi, adv,; chai^eable; inconstant; 
mutable; variable ; fluctuating : — 
ftguyon. 
fickleness, n.: — t&i-minelon. 
fidelity, n.; integrity; loyalty; reliabil- 
ity: — fe; amistd; gftina''iya. 
fie I inter j.; for shame ! — bah I ju I 
field, n.; plantation; ploughed ground: — 

gualo; fai^ualuan. 
field rich with grajne, n.t — ^fanbenadu- 

yan; famaquiyan. 
fiend, n.; demon; one who is intensely 
malicious or wicked: — t&ilaye; baba 
costumbreiia. 
fierce, adj., adv,; wild; savage:— -mala- 

maxia; machaleg*: 
fiery, adj.; passionate; easily roused:— 

gusS^caluld; gusS^alalS. 
fifteen, aaj. .—cjuiiise. 
fifth, adv.: — qumto. 
fllty, adj.: — sincuenta. 
fig, n.; fruit of the fig tree:— higos. 
fig tree (a variety of), n.: — agaliya. 
fight, n.; combat: — combato; pla'ito 
figure, n.; picture; model: — ^ft^ra. 
figuratively spoken, v. i.: — g&i- 

figura. 
file, V. tr.: — ^lima. 
file, n.:^lima. 

filial, adj.; pertaining to a son or daugh- 
ter: — s6n-lajifla or e^n-jagaiia. 
fill, V. It.; to replenish: — sajguane. 
fill up, V. tT.: — nH-bula. 
fill up, t'. tr.; to fill up one's stomach:— 

n^-jaspog. 
filled, adj., adv.;— bula. 
fill, V. tr.; to flood:— na-s^n-bula. 
filler of a cigar, n.; a bundle of ten, 

small tobacco leaves :-^&nduy6. 
filter, n.; apparatus for purifying water 

(or other liquids): — c61adot. 
filth, n./ mud; smut:- aco^; a'plachS,. 
filthy, adj., adv.; dirty; soiled: — aplachS,. 
final result or outcome, n.; — jiniyun^. 
finally, adv.; at last:~pot fin. 
find, V. tr.; to discover: — ^fagchiii; sodH. 
find, V. tr.; to invent; to recover: — 

sodSi.' 
find, V, tr.; to hit upon; to meet: — 

da^nche. 
find out, V. tr.; to invent; to devise: — 

sodft; na^juyong; inbenta. 
finder, n.; one who finds: — sisodft. 
fine, adj., adv.; handsome; fair; genteel: — 

gadbo. 
filler, n.; toe: — c&liilot (middle finger: 
calulot talo; index finger or forefinger: 
calulot aniyo). 
finish, V. i.; to stop; to cease — fagpo; 

ni-para. 
finish, n.; end; conclusion: — ^fin; 

minagpo. 
finish, V. tr.; to complete: — ^fonjayan. 
finished, adj., adv.; complete; ready:- 

monjayan. 
fina of a fish, n.:— hatbas gUiJan. 
fire, n.: — guafe. 



fire, V. tr.; to fire a gun:— dispaja; paque. 

firearms, n.; rifles, etc.; — opaque sija. 
firebrand, n.; — teana. 
fire engine, n.: — ^bomban quemasfin. 
fire upon, v. tr.; fo bombard; to shoot 

at; — fiecha; paque. 
fireside, n.; the hearth; domestic life 
firewood (for the kitchen), n.: — jayon 

matutoni;. 
firewood, n.; kindling wood: — jayo. 

and comfort;— fion guafe. 
firm, adj., adv.; fast; strong; hard: — 

fitme. 
firmament, n.; the sky :— ^lafi^uit; fitma- 

mento. 
first, arfv.;— fin^^nana. 
first birth, n.; primogeniture :—mafa- 

iiagon fing'^nana; pnmerisa. 
first-bom, adj.:—y flnS'nana na 

patgon. 
fijit time; to use for the first time: — 

prim^t biaje; achang. 
first quarter (of the moon; rising or 
increasing fourth): — cuatto cresiente. 
fish, n.: — gOijan. 
fish, V, %.; to fish at night, with a net: — 

gade. 
fish, V. i.; to fish with a dragnet: — 

chuminchulo. 
fisherman, n.;— talayero; pescadot. 
fish, V. tr., V. %.; to go fishing:~6g^ijan. 
fiflhline, n.; line: — cotdet giiijan or 

guigao. 
fishing line, n.: — tupac. 
fishing net, n.; inclosures built in shal- 
low water to catch fish: — guigau, or: 
guigao. 
fish roe, n.: — flgan. 
fish poison, n.: — gumuasS,. 
fishing stone, n.; a stone used by the 
natives when fishing: — ach6 pucd; 
ach6 ch6ch6. 
fist, n.;™inaquijom; tronp6n, 
fistula, n.; small chronic abscess:— 

chetnot dfquiqu!. 
fit, adj., adv.; suitable; appropriate; 

adapted : — ^umaya; aprop6sito . 
fit, adj., adv.; capable :^-capas. 
fit, n.; shock; attack:— achaque. 
fit (he is overcome by a fit): — nin&ye 

un achaque. 
fitting snugly, p. ?>.; exactly:— ajustao. 
fit up alike, v. tr.; to make equal:— 

nd.-3.ya. 
fitness, n.:— ^inaya; inajustao. 
five, adj.: — sinco. 
five hundred, adj.: — qiiimentos. 
fix, V. tr,; to intend; to design: — fftmau- 

leg; destina. 
fiabby, adj., adv.; soft; loose; repaxed;— 

flojo; calo. 
flag, n.; banner: — bandera; estandatte. 
flag ma^t, n.: — Jasta. 
fiame, n.; fire:— mafliUt; guafe. 
flame, n,; clarity; clearness:— maflilA; 
clarida. 



flank 

flank, n.; the fleshy part of an animal 
between th© riba and the hin-— 
bangada. ^' 

flaimel, n.; shirt:— flanela; laniya 

flap, n./ anything broad and flexible, 
lianging loosely, and fastened on one 
side:— pumala^lapa, 

flare, n.; large, unsteady, glaring light:— 
nunafUl^. 

^^' '*•/ ,?^dden, quick, transitory 
blaze of light:— mafiiia ensiguidas- 
chadeg na maiiiia. ' 

flask, n.; bottle:— frasco; boteya. 
flat, adj., adv.; level; dull:— map SnSa. 
flatten, v. tr.; to lay flat; to make level 

or even:— na-map anas, 
flatter, v, i.; to fawn on; to wheedle;— 

ra-andi; tuna, 
flatter, v. i.; to gain over bv compli- 
mentary speech:— isa. ' 
flatter, v. tr.,- to receive amiably:— uea. 
flatter, v. tr.; to soap; to lather:— jabiSie 
flatterer, n.;— minejmo; ninina; fuga- 
ga-ttian-uga. * 
flatulence, n.; distension of the stomach 

caused by gases:- jinatme mafi&lo. 
flaunt, V. I.; to behave impudently— 
bumastos; dumescarada; bumaranca. 
^aunt, n.; a boast; brag:— banidd. 
flavor, n.; a particular smell or taste:— 

sabot; sensia. 
flavor, V. tr.; to impart a flavor to-— 

na-g-aieabot. 
flax, n.;— clasen tinanom ni man^- 
s§setbe y jilufia para mamatinas 
magag-o pUt lienso. 
flea, n.: — ^potg-as. 

fleck, n.; streak; spot:— mancha; ragtro 
flee, V. %.; to escape; to run away:— 

' S^^Jj ^^'' ^^"* qwick; swift:— gusi. 
neetmg, adj., adv.; tra,naitory; perish- 

^^ole-— mamapos, gusf-jdcog. 
flight, n.; the act, process, manner, or 

power of flying:— guinlpo. 
flig;lity, adj., adv.; changeable capri- 
cious; — caprichoso. 
fli»&» iJ- tr.; to throw or hurl*— 

yutefiaijon. 
flint stone, n.: — g^got. 
float, n.; raft:— batsa, 
flock, n.; swarm; heap; pile:— cat dumen- 

catdume. ' 

flock or crowd together, v. tr.; to run 

together :— agululume . 
flog, ij. tr.; to whip; to chastise:— castiga. 
flood, n.; inundation; deluge:— bula y 

tasi; bula y sadog; milag. 
floor, n.;— piso, satgue. 
flour, n.; — arina. 
fioimshing, adj.; prosperous; thriving:— 

adilantao; g^i-producto. 
flow, V. i.:— mifalag; mflalag. 
flower, n.; bud:— fiores. 
flowerpot, n.;— maseta. 
flowing, adj., adv.; moving, or pourine 
forth; fluent:— mfmilalag. 



65 



forbearance 



fluctuate, V. %.; to undulate; to rise and 

tall:— na-chaochao; na-napo. 
fluent, adj., adv.; voluble; eloquent-— 

cimeate; curiente cilmuentos 
flunk, V. %.; to faij completely:— a6n- 

podofll;; a^n-mapede. 
flush, V. tr.; to clean out with a rush 

of water:— chalaochao ni janom 
I flute, n..— flaota; flauta. 
flute player, n.;— flautista. 
flutter, V. i.; to move or flap the winffa 

rapidly:— palapa. ^ 

fly, n,: — ^lalS. 
fly, V. i.;— gupo. 

SSj^'i*?*"^"^^?***' Supo; guigupo. 
flying fish, n.;— fanijen tasi. 

lalT^**®^ (fan), n..— abanico; pun6 

foam, n.; froth:— espuma. 

foani, n.; mold; scurf; scab; crust:— 

natas. 
foam, n.; water blister:— buo: boan 
foanung, adl; driveling:— binean. 
rodder, n.; food for horses and cattle:— 
j n^ngcana cabayo; nengcan6 guaca. 
roe, n.; personal enemy:— enimigo. 
& «•/ condensed watery vapor near 
the surface of the sea or land:--calan 
jomjom uchan gui languit. 
Joffey, a(^y.; cloudy:— jomjom; tdtbio. 
foil, V. Jr.; to baffle; to frustrate:- 

niapede. 
fold, n.; pen; dung:— colat gaga, 
fold, V. tr.; to wrap up:— falulon. 
foliage ,71. ;— ramas; j agon . 
folk, n; people in general:— taotao siia* 
famiha. *' ' 

follow, V. i.; to continue:— sigue. 
follow, V. tr.; to imitate;— da^alag. 
follow, V. i.; to follow on the track of ; to 
track; to search out; to get a scent-— 
rastrea. 

foUow, V. tr.;. to reach:— jag6; tate; 
tatiye. - » ? » 

following each other:— uma^-tatiye. 
foUy, n.; want of understandinff:— 

fnoneraj binaba. 
food, n.; victuals:— bib eres. 
food, n.; nourishment; eatables:— ali- 

mento; n^ngcan6. 
fool, n; a person devoid of reason or 

intelligence; idiot:— caduco; frion; tdi- 

sentido; tAi-tining6. 
fooli^, adj., adv.; stupid; silly:— baba, 
roohshness, n.; silliness:— binaba: fri- 

onera. 
foot, n.; — ^patas. 

footstool, n.;— fan-aptian; ap6; bancon 

adeng. 
foppish, adj., adv.; elegant; affected:— 

chacha. 
for, prep.; in place of; on account of-— 

para, 
forbear, v. tr.; to abstain from; to spare:— 

sungon. 
forbearance, n.; patience; indulgence:— 

sining-on; minesngon. 



forbid 



66 frigMen 



fr.; to prohibit: — chomfi.; 



forbid, V 
atottaye. 
forbidden, adj., adv.; interdicted:— 

pruibido; projibido. 
force, n.; power; vigor; strength:— 

ftnette; minetgot, 
force, V. tr.; to constrain; to coerce; to 

Bubdue; to compel: — afuetsas. 
forcible, adj., adv.; violent: — afuetsas; 

pot y fuetea; fotsao. 
ford, n.; shallow part of a stream; suit- 
able for crossing: — na'tata na lug;it. 
forearm, n.; arm between wriat and 

elbow:— ayo na patte gui ca^nai y 

desde y temo asta j mofLeca. 
forecast, v. tr.; to predict: — jaso desde 

antes; aregla desde antes, 
forefinger, n.; index finger: — 

ta'tanchd. 
forehead, n.; brow: — jae. 
foreign, adj.; strange: — forastero; es- 

trafio. _ 

foreigner, n.; stranger:— estrangjero; 

estranjero. 
foreman, n.;— dtguasit; ta'tago. 
forest, n.; bush: — jalum-tan6. 
forever, odTv.; — y siempre dura; taiji- 

necog. 
forfeit, n.; a fine or penalty:— pena; 

mutta, 
forge, V. tr.: — hSl-'&j'A, 
forget, V. tr.: — malefa. 
forgetful, adj., adv.; oblivious; liable to 
be forgotten:— jamalef&yon; ja^malefa. 
forgive, v. tr.; to pardon; to remit blame 

or penalty: — asd. 
forgrveness, n.; pardon:— inasii; mi- 

na4s6; petd6n. 
fork, 71.: — tSnedot. 
form, V. tr.; to shape: — ^fotma. 
formal, adj., adv.; precise; accordii^ to 

rule : — ^f otm&t. 
formation, n.; that which is formed; also 

the act of formation: — ^fotmasidn. 
former, adj.; preceding in time or place; 

first mentioned;— flnd'nana. 
formidable, adj., adv.; fearful; power- 
ful:— nS-'maaflao; metgot. 
forsake, v. ir.; to desert; to abandon; to 

quit; to leave behind:— desampara. 
forsaken, arf;.;forlorn ; left alone :— aban- 

donao; madingo. 
for sonxe time; for quite some time: — 

16,-abmam. 
fortify, V. tr.; to make stronger:— ^na- 

animoso. 
fortunate, adj., adv.; wealthy; opujent; 
lucky; nappy; prosperous:— affot- 

tunao. , , , 1 J 

fortunate, adj., adv.; lucky; blessed; 
content; comfortable:— guMsaga; 
dichoso. 

fortune, n.; luck; good fortune:— rot- 
tuna. 

fortune, v. tr.; to tell one's fortune; to 
prophesy: — adibina. .,• 

fortune teller, n.;— sabidat; dibino. 



for this reason: — este min4. 
forthwith, adv.; immediate!)" — ti-ab- 

mam; eneeguidaa. 
forty, adv.: — cuarenta. 
forward! interj.; advance! — ^Iat-f6nal 
foul, adj.; spoiled; offensive:— podlilo. 
found, V. tr.; to lay the basis of; to fix 

firmly:— -pianta. 
foundation, n.: — simiento. 
founder, v. i.; to sink; to go down: — 

mafondo; ma-puja y batco. 
founder, n.; builder: — pla'lanta, ^ 
fount, n.; fountain or spring :—trongcon 

janum; bdbd. 
four, adj.: — cuatro. 

four-cornered, adj.; square; quad- 
rangular : — cuadrao . 
four hundred, adj.: — cuatro-sientos. 
fourteen, adj,: — catotse. 
fourth, a.dv ./one-fourth : — cuatto. 
fracturei, n.:— majlog, 
fracture, v, tr.; to shatter; to break into 

pieces;— yamag; yaya. 
fragile, adj., adv.; brittle; easily bro- 
ken: — pasca; quebrantayon; ja^mafag. 
frame, n.; square: — cuadro. 
frame, v. tr.; to inclose; to incase: — 

encaja. 
frame of mind, n; character; disposi- 
tion: — jenio. 
frank, adj., adv.: — magajet; mapl4. 
frank,' v. tr.; to send postpaid:— 
franquera. . 

frantic, adj.; violently mad or dis- 
tracted; outrageous: — manS.bubo; em- 
perdo. 
fraud, n,; deceit; cheating: — antula; 

linipa; finsLbaba. 
free, adj.; excepted: — ecseptao. 
free, adj., adv.; out of danger; safe.— 

libre. 
free, adj., adv.; untrammelled; un- 
hampered :— malulog. 
freedom, n.; softness: — minalulog. 
.freeze, v. %.; to shiver; to^have a chili 

(in fever):- fugo; manengjen^. 
freight, n.: — flete; catgamento. 
frequent, adj.; recurring often: — seao. 
frequently, adv.; often; — seso. 
fresh, adj., adv.; refreshing; cool:— 

6rescOa 
tret, V. i.; to be irritated or vexed:— 

mumuflera. 
fretful, adj.; peevish; irritated:— 

muilera. 
friction, n.; the act of rubbing; attn- 

tion: — um'a''guesg:ue8. 
Friday, n .— "bietnes. ^ , -^ 

friend, n.;— amigo; ma-goflie; gachong; 

abog. . ^ , , , 

friendly, adj., arft.; amicable :—amisto- 

samente. 
friendship, n.:— ina'goflie. 
frieht, n.; a sudden and violent fear; 

adarm: — espanto. 
frighten, i;. tr.; to startle; to ternfy:— 

asusta; jalafi|; jongang. 



frighten g7 

frighten, .v. tr.; to drivie away: — sugon: 

espanta. 

frightened, adj.; startled; terrified:— 

asustao. 
-frightened, v. i.; to be frightened:— 

jongang; asiista. 
frighten off, v. tr.; to scare away: — 

espanta. 

frivolity, n,; levity:— tSibale; tindi- 
bale. 

frivolous, adj., adv.; trfling; silly; in- 

chned to leiity:— taibale. 
frock, n.; garment:— traje. 
frog, n.;— rana, ' 
from (from a given time until now) 

prep.; since:— desde. 
from here to :— desde este 

jasta . 

^om, adv.; out of :— guine; guinen, 
front, n.:—y san m@na. 
front, n.; fagade:— fachada. 
froth, n.; scum; foam:~espimie; boan. 
frown, V. i.; to scowl :—na-mat an la- 
lal6. 

frozen, arfy.;--majetog ni mangfig- 
jeng. * 

frugal, adj,^ adv.; niggardly; saving; 

thrifty; scanty; parsimonious:— ma- 

aquijom. 
fruit, n.;— tinegcha; frutos. 
fruitful, adj., adv.; prolific :—jaf nag: 

tegchS,; gu4ftan6; mep^; mrmamta. 
fruit house, n.; granary;- granero. 
fruitful, adj.; yielding fruit; prolific:— 

mep^; productoso. 
fruitlessly, adv.; without result; in vain; 

to no purpose:— taisetbe: bano; en 

bano. 

fruits or sweets, n.; dessert:— golosina. 

fry, V. tr.; to bake in a pan: — aflito. 

fry, V. tr.; to prepare food; to season; to 
roast; to broil; — guisa. 

fuel, 71.; combustible material for supply- 
ing a fire: — jayon matutofig. 

fugitive, n.; runaway:— malagon tg,o- 
tao. 



garineiil 



full, adj., adv.; complete:— binila: bula: 

enteramente; entero. 
fulfill, V. tr.; to fulfill a duty:— cumple. 
full moon, n.: — gualafon. 
full of, adj.; filled with:— jafnd. 
fume, n.; vapor; exhalation:— bap6t. 
fumigate, v. tr.; to emoke:— dsgUe: 

fumiga. 
fun, n.; mirth; drollery; sport;— mina- 
gof. 

function, 71./' discharge of a duty 

' gupot magas; offsio. 

fund, n.; money set apart for some 

object:- ninajuyoiig salapS. 
fundamental, adj., aS).; basic; essential: 

primary :— f undamento. 
funeral, n.; burial:- entiero. 
funnel, n.; — embudo. 
funny, adj.; comical; droll:— na^chaleg. 
fur, n.; — ^pulon Qk^%. 
furious, adj., adv.; raging; mad:— 

lalald; lalald tenjos; fejman. 
furnish, v, tr.; to supply; to fit out; to 

equip:— najuyufig. 
furniture, n.;— trastes jalom gumlt. 
furrow, n.;— joya; joyo; sutco; canat, 
further, ad}.; more distant:— chagona; 

mas-chag6; lii^tjanao. 
further, adv.; moreover; also: — mas: 

ademae. 
further, v. tr.; to help forward; to pro- 

mote:— suon; sube; n^-latf^na. 
furthest, adj.; most distant:- y mas- 

chagd; y mas-yamdnana. 
fury, n.; rage; madness: — ^rabia. 
fuse, V, i.; to dissolve; to melt:™dirite. 
fuss, n.; unnecessary or irritating activ- 
ity, especially in small matters:— 
atboroto; plaito. 

fussy, adj.; making a fussi^nft^dson: 

gk pldito; mlmisterio. 
futile, adj.; vain; useless: — sin pro- 

becho; sin adelanto. 

future, n.;— ma^mamaiia na tiempo 
future, adj.: — ^ma'^mamSilft. 



G, 



5 gab, n.; idle chatter; loquacity;— 
I mefnd. ^ . ^ 

ig-abble, v. i.; to chatter: — gagag. 
gain, n.; profit; advantage:— ben taja. 
gain, n.; \'ictory; — ganansia; guinana. 
Igain, V. tr.; to earn; to win; to defeat:— 

gana. 
■i:ale, n.; a strong wind:— jinigua. 
teaU, n.; the bile:— l&laet; laet. 
[gallant, n.; lover; also love affair; 

amour: — guaiyayon. 
;gallon, n.; a hquid measure:— galfin. 
gallop, V. i.: — galope. 
igallows, n.: — jotca, 
gamble, v. %.; to play for money: — 

juegon salapS. 
Jgambler, n.; one who gambles as a 
\ business: — jdgadot or jogad6t. 



game, n.; a sport or diversion; fun; 

frolic :— juego ; ' 3 ugando . 
game, adj., adv.; plucky:— mesfi&on 

matatnga. 
gamecock, n.: — buscaplaito; matatn&a 

na gayo. 
gap, n.; an opening; cleft:— «aca; gui 

paderdn. ' 

gape, V. i.; to open the mouth wide:— 

aa," ^langa. 

garage, n.: — ^garaye, 
garb, n.; a dress:- Sbito. 
garbage, n.; — ^basula. 
garden, n.;— jatdin; juetto, 
gardener, n.: — Jatdinero. 
gargle, v. (r..-— gStgaras. 
garlic, n,: — ajos. 
garment, n.; habit:— Sbito; tunico. 



frighten g7 

frighten, .v. tr.; to drivie away: — sugon: 

espanta. 

frightened, adj.; startled; terrified:— 

asustao. 
-frightened, v. i.; to be frightened:— 

jongang; asiista. 
frighten off, v. tr.; to scare away: — 

espanta. 

frivolity, n,; levity:— tSibale; tindi- 
bale. 

frivolous, adj., adv.; trfling; silly; in- 

chned to leiity:— taibale. 
frock, n.; garment:— traje. 
frog, n.;— rana, ' 
from (from a given time until now) 

prep.; since:— desde. 
from here to :— desde este 

jasta . 

^om, adv.; out of :— guine; guinen, 
front, n.:—y san m@na. 
front, n.; fagade:— fachada. 
froth, n.; scum; foam:~espimie; boan. 
frown, V. i.; to scowl :—na-mat an la- 
lal6. 

frozen, arfy.;--majetog ni mangfig- 
jeng. * 

frugal, adj,^ adv.; niggardly; saving; 

thrifty; scanty; parsimonious:— ma- 

aquijom. 
fruit, n.;— tinegcha; frutos. 
fruitful, adj., adv.; prolific :—jaf nag: 

tegchS,; gu4ftan6; mep^; mrmamta. 
fruit house, n.; granary;- granero. 
fruitful, adj.; yielding fruit; prolific:— 

mep^; productoso. 
fruitlessly, adv.; without result; in vain; 

to no purpose:— taisetbe: bano; en 

bano. 

fruits or sweets, n.; dessert:— golosina. 

fry, V. tr.; to bake in a pan: — aflito. 

fry, V. tr.; to prepare food; to season; to 
roast; to broil; — guisa. 

fuel, 71.; combustible material for supply- 
ing a fire: — jayon matutofig. 

fugitive, n.; runaway:— malagon tg,o- 
tao. 



garineiil 



full, adj., adv.; complete:— binila: bula: 

enteramente; entero. 
fulfill, V. tr.; to fulfill a duty:— cumple. 
full moon, n.: — gualafon. 
full of, adj.; filled with:— jafnd. 
fume, n.; vapor; exhalation:— bap6t. 
fumigate, v. tr.; to emoke:— dsgUe: 

fumiga. 
fun, n.; mirth; drollery; sport;— mina- 
gof. 

function, 71./' discharge of a duty 

' gupot magas; offsio. 

fund, n.; money set apart for some 

object:- ninajuyoiig salapS. 
fundamental, adj., aS).; basic; essential: 

primary :— f undamento. 
funeral, n.; burial:- entiero. 
funnel, n.; — embudo. 
funny, adj.; comical; droll:— na^chaleg. 
fur, n.; — ^pulon Qk^%. 
furious, adj., adv.; raging; mad:— 

lalald; lalald tenjos; fejman. 
furnish, v, tr.; to supply; to fit out; to 

equip:— najuyufig. 
furniture, n.;— trastes jalom gumlt. 
furrow, n.;— joya; joyo; sutco; canat, 
further, ad}.; more distant:— chagona; 

mas-chag6; lii^tjanao. 
further, adv.; moreover; also: — mas: 

ademae. 
further, v. tr.; to help forward; to pro- 

mote:— suon; sube; n^-latf^na. 
furthest, adj.; most distant:- y mas- 

chagd; y mas-yamdnana. 
fury, n.; rage; madness: — ^rabia. 
fuse, V, i.; to dissolve; to melt:™dirite. 
fuss, n.; unnecessary or irritating activ- 
ity, especially in small matters:— 
atboroto; plaito. 

fussy, adj.; making a fussi^nft^dson: 

gk pldito; mlmisterio. 
futile, adj.; vain; useless: — sin pro- 

becho; sin adelanto. 

future, n.;— ma^mamaiia na tiempo 
future, adj.: — ^ma'^mamSilft. 



G, 



5 gab, n.; idle chatter; loquacity;— 
I mefnd. ^ . ^ 

ig-abble, v. i.; to chatter: — gagag. 
gain, n.; profit; advantage:— ben taja. 
gain, n.; \'ictory; — ganansia; guinana. 
Igain, V. tr.; to earn; to win; to defeat:— 

gana. 
■i:ale, n.; a strong wind:— jinigua. 
teaU, n.; the bile:— l&laet; laet. 
[gallant, n.; lover; also love affair; 

amour: — guaiyayon. 
;gallon, n.; a hquid measure:— galfin. 
gallop, V. i.: — galope. 
igallows, n.: — jotca, 
gamble, v. %.; to play for money: — 

juegon salapS. 
Jgambler, n.; one who gambles as a 
\ business: — jdgadot or jogad6t. 



game, n.; a sport or diversion; fun; 

frolic :— juego ; ' 3 ugando . 
game, adj., adv.; plucky:— mesfi&on 

matatnga. 
gamecock, n.: — buscaplaito; matatn&a 

na gayo. 
gap, n.; an opening; cleft:— «aca; gui 

paderdn. ' 

gape, V. i.; to open the mouth wide:— 

aa," ^langa. 

garage, n.: — ^garaye, 
garb, n.; a dress:- Sbito. 
garbage, n.; — ^basula. 
garden, n.;— jatdin; juetto, 
gardener, n.: — Jatdinero. 
gargle, v. (r..-— gStgaras. 
garlic, n,: — ajos. 
garment, n.; habit:— Sbito; tunico. 



68 



fimisk 

gamislx, r. tr,; to adorn: — ^n^besto. 

earriaon, n.: — castiyo. 

garrulous, adj.; verboae:— ga cu- 

mudntoa. 
garter, ti.: — liga*' 
gaa, n.; illuminating gas;— gas. 
gasoline, n.: — gasolina. 
gasp, V. %.: to cough; to pant:— giija. 
gate, n.; gateway; entrance:— tranca. 
gather, v. tr.; to pluck; to pick off:— 
recoie; tif6. , 

gather, v. tr.; to gather the crops; to 
pluck; to collect in heaps:- joca; 
recoje; n&-etnon. . 

gathering, n.; an assemblage:— met- 

non: renicoje. 
gaudy, adj.; showy; vulgarly gay:— 

audi; gatbo. 
eauze, n.; very thin, light, and trana- 

parent silk or cotton fabric:— gasa. 
gauzy, adj.; thin and aemitransparent; 

like gauze: — calan-gasa. 
gavel, n.; a small mallet:— masetan 

gayf^., adv.; eatisfied; cheerful; de- 
lighted; joyous; merry: — dibe; dibet- 
tido;magof. ^. , i« «j. 

gay-colored, adj., adv.; many-colored,— 
g&icolot; mfcolot. ,_ • • 

gem, n.; a precious stone:— acho-m mi 

bale; yema. ^ , ,• ^. .• „* 

eender, n.; grammatical distinction of 

sex:— j6nero (sinangan para u dmis- 

tin^ui cao laje pat palauan, pat m 

uno), , ,. 

general, adj., adv.; public; common:— 

comtin. , 

general (officer), n.:— jenerat. 
generate, v. tr.; to beget:— Uhs. 
lenial, adj„ adv.; kindly; sympathetic m 

disposition:— gu^ftao; gS. mannae. 
eenius, n.; remarkable aptitude for some 
special pursuit; a person possessed of 
extraordinarily high mental powers:— 
tom-tum. ^ 1 J „ . 

genteel, adj., adv.; fine; handsome, 

fair: — gatbo; bonito. 
gentle, adj.; refined in manner and dis- 

position:— manso; fino; auabe. 
gMitlenesa, n.; mildness; meekness:— 

minanso; sini abe. 
gentlemen, n,; a well bred and honor- 
able man:— sefiot; cabayero. 
gentlewoman, n.; a woman of good birtn 

and breeding; a lady:— seflora 
genuine, adj., adv.; real; unaduiter- 

ated:— gasgas; puro; tdimancha. 
geography, n.:— jeoerafla. 
lerSi, n.; the rudimentary form_ of 
organism; ori^n:—y tihitujon; semiya. 
gesticulate (while speaking), v. i.;- 
compas; cumunpapaa. , ■ ^.„ 

get, v tr.; to obtain; to procure; to win; to 

gain; to acquire :—chul6. . 

get, v. tr.; to get something by divmg:- 
busea; liufe. 



gUoce 

eet angry, v. i.: — ^lalald; bubu. 

get out of tune (muaicial instrument), 

v.tr.,v. i.: — destempla. 
(reweaws, n. nZ.:— diichena; joguete. 
Ihastly, adj.; deathlike; pale:— b6*ion; 

calan-mfitai; descolorao. 
ghost, n.; spook:— dujendes; f^f^flague; 
plantasma. 4.^* 

giant, n.; a man of extraordinary stat- 
ure: — jigante. , . . 4.1 
gibber, v. i.; to speak mcoherently:— 

ch&tcuentos; ti comprendiyon. 
gibe, n.; to scoff; to taunt; sneering or 

sarcastic expression:— mof a, hutla 
giddy» adj., adv.; frivolous; fickle:— 

atmariao; calan bolacho. 
eift, n.; donation;— ninae. ^ ^^ 

lift of -wisdom:- ftnaye na mnae; 

tiniiiSo. , 1 ji-*. 

gigantic, adj.; huge; colossal:— d&fi&- 

culo. „ , , 

gilded, adj.; goldj)lated; gilt:— dor&o. 
gill, n.:— guaaang; atgaya. 
gilt, adj.: gilded:— dorio. 
einger, n.: — jasngot. , . ^1 

gingerly, adv.; cautiously; daintily:— 

um6'cacat; cuma'cajat. 
gird around, v. tr.; to buckle on:— 

dudog. . . 

girdle, 71.; a belt for the waist:— faja, 
girl, n.; a female child:— patgon na 

palauan; muchacha. ' 

girth, n.; circumference :—matrededot; 

y niredondo. „„:„ 

gist, n.; the substance of a matter; mam 

point; object:— Bustansia. 
give, v. tr.; to donate; to turn over; to 

cede: — n&e. . , 

give advice, v. t.; to give counsel.- 

conaeja; chachalane. . .u *^^ 

give birth to, v. tr.; to bnng forth, to 

bear.— fafiago. 
give information, v. tr.; to report.— 

n5.e notisia. 
give pleasure to, v. tr.; to gladden:— 

nS.-m.agof. . , 

give satisfaction, v. tr.; to expiate:— 

niL-empas. , . ^ u «. 

give security or bail, v. %.; to be re- 
sponsible;, to warrant:~nae prenda, 

nde securidad. ^, . ' , *, .__ 
give the spurs to the horse, v. tr..— 

n&e eapuelas. . 

given to anger, adj.; V?^^^^^^\J^^' 

petuous:— j&pinalala; jdbubo; impe- 

gladTadj., adv.; contented; joyous:— 

gl^den%. tr.; to delight:-n^m&gof. 
gladness, n.; plea8ure:-imnagof. 
iladsom4, adj., adv.; joyo^J g^y- 



pleased; cheerful :-na^-magof. 
glamour, n.; fascinaUon:— ta^ttoft, 

finSlbaba gui nilid. . . ^„. 

glance, iJ. &., v. i.; to perceive; to see, 

to look:— U6; lit; &tan. 



m 



pvw 



g'laad, n..'— moyeja. 

g^laxe, 71.; bright and dazzling light: — 

mining; finaiiilll. 

glaring, adj.; gaudy; emitting a daz- 
zling light :-^inlun&lag; Idmlam; mafLf- 
iiiia. 

glass, n.; — cristat. 

glass, n.; vessel; receptacle:— baso. 

glass baU, n.; glass : — ^biiin. 

gleam, n.; a stream of light: — ^irdna. 

glee, n.; gayety; mirth: — ^minagof. 

gleeful, adj., adv.; merry; joyous: — 
magof. 

glen, n.; a narrow valley: — canat. 

glhamer, n.; a faint intermittent light: — 
ininE; ina. 

glimpse, n . ,' a transient view : — ch&tUd ; 
enaeguidas na inatan. 

glisten, V. i,; to shine: — mafiilfi,; lamlam. 

glistening, adj.; casting radiance; shin- 
ing: — ^mafiffUl&. 

glitter, V, %.; to sparkle with light: — 
m^ag; lamlam. 

gloaming, n.; twilight: — ^lemlemt&otao 

globe, n.; the earth: — globo; y tan6. 

gloom, n.; melancholy; partial darkness; 
obscurity: — lemlemt&otao; tigu^f- 
jomjom; triniste. 

gloomy, adj.^ adv.; cheerless; morose: — 
triste; timSgof. 

glorification, n.: — gl6ria; glorifica- 
sion. 

glorious, adj., arf^^;^— glorioso; bicto- 
rioso. 

glory, n.; splendor; magnificence; re- 
nown; honor: — premio; honra. 

glove, n.: — guantes. 

glow, V. i.; to radiate heat and light- 
to shine with intense heat: — figan. 

glue, V. tr.: — colaye; cola. ^ 

glutinous, adj., adv.; sticky: — dangson. 

gnash the teeth, v. tr.: — chegche^. 

gnat, v.; insect, allied to the mosquito, 
but smaller: — sagamai. 

gnaw, V. tr.; to bite or pierce with the 
teeth : — &cfir. 

gnaw, V. i.; nibble; to destroy by gnaw- 
ing; to corrode: — catne. 

go, V. tr.; to go to: — ^falag; janao. 

go afoot, v.i.; to walk: — mamocat. 

go ahead I interj.; jEorwardl — f6f6nal 
Ban m€na! s^ue! 

go astray, v. tr.; to be lost; to go to the 
bad; to disappear; to lose: — Ebag; 
faliiigo. 

go away, v. %.; to depart; to run away: — 
fitpos; dingo. 

go away, v. %.; to leave; to go: — janau, 
or: janao. 

go in, V. i.: — jalum, 

go on ahead, v. %.: — f6na. 

go gn, V. i.; to tread] to step: — ^famegufi; 
famocat. 

go out, V. i.; to go out from: — juyufi^. 

go, V. i,; to move; to walk; to depart: — 
famocat; sigue. 

go through, V. tr.; to traverse; to run 
through: — 6.dotgan. 



go through, V. t.;— janigUe; f4p<S8giie. 

^o to school: — fem-escuela. 

goat, n.: — chiba. 

god, n.; the Lord: — Ytius. 

godfather, n.; — ^patliao. 

godmother, n.: — matUna. 

goiter, n.; tumor on the neck: — ^buchi. 

gold, n.: — oro. 

golf, n.: — ^un clasen juegon bola: golf. 

gone, adj.; ruined; lost: — ^malin^o; 

jocog. 
good I {vernacular for all right), adv.: — 

m&uleg I 
good, (mj., adv.; decent; virtuous: — 

m&tileg. 
good fortune, n.: — afottunao; suette. 
good hunting ground, n.: — ^fa£g;aja- 

tan; mauleg na fan&ajatan. 
good, adj., adv.; kindnearted; benign: — 

m&as6. 
goodness, n.; mercy; compassion: — 

miniias^. 
goodness, n.: — ^mln&uleg. 
good will, 71.: — ^boluntad. 
good Friday, n.: — ^betnisanto. 
goose, n,: — ganso. 
gorgeous, (jdj., adv.; splendid; showy: — 

gatbo. 
Gospel, n.: — ^Ebanjglio. 
gossip, n.; narration: — chinchul4; chin- 

chuli; cuentos. 
gossip, V. i.; to have entertainment: — 

cuentos. 
gossip, n.; tattler: — mefnd. 
goulash, n.; stew: — quinado. 
gouty, adj., adv.; having the gout:— 

batdao. 
govern, v. tr.; to manage: — gobietna. 
govern, v. tr., v. i.; to rule; to domi- 
nate:— domina; m&gase. 
government, n.; state: — gobietno. 
governor, n.; ms^iatrate: — ^magftlaje. 
gown, n.; a woman's outer garment:^ 

bestido. 
grace, n.; favor; kindness:— gr&sia. 
graceful, adj., adv.; charming; pretty: — 

gu6fp&go; bonita; guaiyayon, 
gracious, adj., adv.; affable: — y6as6; 

mapl§,; cariiiosa; carinoao. 
grade, n.; step; degree: — grado. 
grade, n.; rise or descent of a roadway 

or railroad: — grado. 
gradual, adj., adv.; by degrees; step by 

step : — adomldidi. 
grain, ti.; — grano. 

grains of corn, n. pi.: — granon mlUes. 
grammar, n.; principles of the correct 

use of a language: — gramfi-tica. 
granary, n.; fruit house: — granero. 
grand, adj.; illustrious; high in dignity 

or power: — tagajld. 

grandchild, n.: — ^nieto. 
grandfather, n.; grandmother: — guelo; 
guela. 

granite, n.: — alutong. 

grant, v. tr.; to give or confer: — ^n&e. 

grapes, n. pi.: — ubas. 



grapple 



70 



gulf 



grapple, v. i.; to contend in close fight: — 

juuxnon umaguat. 
grasp, v. tr., v. i".; to catch up with; to 
attain; to reach; to seize (with- the 
hand): — agara; gach§,; tacS,. 
grass, n.: — cliS-'guan. 
grasshopper, n.: — apacha. 
grateful, adj.^ ar/w.; sympathizing; thank- 
ful:; — nxagaom jinalum; agradesido. 
gratify, v. tr.; to delight; to afford 

pleasure to:— n^-magof. 
grating, n.; lattice; trellis; lattice- 
work: — rejas. 
gratiSy adv.; in vain; gratuitously; for 
nothing: — ^balde; debalde; batde; de- 
batde. 
gratitude, n.; thanks; reward; acknowl- 
edgment; recompense : — ^agradesi- 
miento; inagradeae. I 

gratuitously, adv.: — sen-nxagof. I 

grave, adj,, adv.; serious; sedate; sober; 

earnest: — ^fotmat. 
grave, n.; place of interment:-— naf tan. 
grave (with a chisel), v. tr.; to mark: — 

matca. 
gravel, n.; fragments of rock coarser than 

sand: — cascajo. 
gravity, n.; weight; importance; serious- 
ness : — ^minacat. 
gravy, n.; the fatty juice from roasting 

flesh: — cado. 
gray, adj.: — graniso; ugis^ 
gray-bearded, adj.: — chungui batbas. 
gray (hair), adj: — chungue. 
graze, v. ir.; — nae pasto. 
graze, v. i.: — pasto. ^ 

grease, v. tr.; to smear: — dangse; pdlae. 
greasy, afi?;., adv.; fat:^einplea; man- 

tica. 
great-grandchild, n.: — bis-nieto. 
great-grandson, n.: — bis-nieto^ 
greatness, n,; size: — y minedimg. 
greaves of bacon, n.: — cha'clialon. 
greed, n.; avarice; greediness:— 

jenngan; jinenngan. 
greediness, n.; desire: — alal^; dinesea; 

codi.sia. 
greedy, adj., adv.; ravenous; voracious: — 

cagnd; goloso. 
green, adj.; unripe; uncooked: — gada; 

mats,. 
green (color), ao?;.:— betde. 
green turtle, n.; — jaganbetde. 
green vegetation (covering still 

waters) — lumot catdeniyo. 
greet, v. tr.; to salute: — saluda. 
grief, n.; mental pain; anguish:— pinite. 
grievance, n.; a sense of ^VTong or op- 
pression :— pinadese. 
grieve, v. i.; to lament; to bemoan:— 

aiai. 
grim, a/ij., adv.; stern; unyielding;— 

mesn&on. 
grin, V. t.; to smile broadly: — chumaleg. 
grind, v. tr.; to pulverize or reduce to 
powder by friction: — gulig; molino; 
tutu. 



grind, V. tr.; to grind grain:— guleg; 

gulig. 
grindstone, n.; whetstone:— guasaon; 

metate; moyong. 
grip, n.; a grasp with the hand: — 

minantiene; guiniot. 
grip. V. tr.; to catch; to seize: — g5te; 

iacot. 
grip with, ihe fist, v. ir.; to make a fist: — 

aquijom. 
gripe, V. tr., v. i.; to catch; — gancho. 
gripes, n.; colic: — puten chachag. 
gristmill, n.: — ^molino. __ 

grit, n.; pluck; courage:— minatatnga; 

minalago. 
groan, v. %.; to lament: — ugong; umu- 

goiig. 
grocery, n.: — tenda; sagan benta. 
groove, n.; a furrow cut by a tool; — 

giiinadog, 
grope, V. i.; to feel one's way in the dark; 

to seek blindly: — tatac&. 
gross, adj., add.; coarse; rude: — mam- 

pos. 
ground, n.; land; estate: — oda; tan6. 
group, n.; society; assembly: — inetnon. 
grow, t>. i.; to increase in stature; to 

thrive; to flourish: — ^docd. 
growl, y, %.; to grumble: — go:fii:gong.^ 
growler, n.; grumbler: — agonggong; 

guigonggoii&. 
growth, n.; increase; progress: — dineco- 
grub, V. tr.; to root out of the ground; to 

dig up:— jal^; guaje. 
grudging, adj.^ ady.;^ envious; jealous:— 

ecgo; mtga; embidiosa. 
gruel, n,; oatmeal: — atmayas. 
gruesome, adj., adv.; horrible of aspect; 
inspiring gloom or horror: — nl, ni§,''nao; 
jomjom. 
grumbling, adj.; peevish: — ^macat ma- 
tana; ti mesngon. 
grunt, V. i.:- — cocog. 
guarantee, v. tr.; to insure; to secure; to 

warrant: — asegura. 
guarantor, n., surety: — ^flad6t. 
guard, n.; watchman; post; — guatdia; 

y mamumulan, 
guard, V. tr.; to shelter; to defend; to 

protect:— amp ara; gogue. 
guardian, n.; jirotector; defender: — 

guigogtte. 
guess, v. tr.; t;o find by conjecture:— 

adibina; jaso. 
guest, n.; invited person: — conbidao. 
guidance, n.; direction; — di-dirije. 
guide, V. tr.; to bring:— guia. 
guide, V. ir.; to direct; to manage; to 
regulate; to load; to instruct; — chacha- 
lane; dirije. 
guilt, n.; crime; sin; — £sau; faao. 
guiltless, adj.: — tai isau. 
guilty, adj'.; blaraable: — culpable; fsau. 
guitar, 71.; — guitala. 
gulf, n.; hcsll; abyss:— aasal&guan; 
tinaifondo. 



gull 



71 



haze 



gull, n.; sea gull: — ^pajaron y oriyan 
tasi pat y tasi, 

grullible, adj.; capable of being easily de- 
ceived : — ^f ababayon. 

gully, ?i.,- narrow ravine: — canat, 

gulp, n.; draft; swallow:— ^in§ 6; 06. 

gum arable, n.: — goman arabia. 

gumption, n.; common eense: — g&i 
s^nsia; sensia comun. 

gums, n.: — paladat. 



gun, n.; paque. 

gunboat, n.: — batcon ca&on; caiionero, 

gunner, n.; — cailonero. 

gunpowder, n.; — p6tbola. 

gush, n.; a sudden and \iolent flow of 

liquid ^ from an inclosed space :— 

minilag; mila^. 
gutj i\ tr,; to eviscerate: — destilipas. 
gutter, n.; channel for carrying away 

water: — mac tan. 



H. 



habit, n.; custom: — pennga; costumbre; 

bisio. 
habit, n.; garment: — abito. 
habitation, 7i.;^aposento; fansaoayan. 
habituate, v, tr.; to accustom; to in- 
ure; — sagaye; acostumbra; na payon. 
habitual, adj.^ adv.: — manftpayon. 
haggard, adj.; worn and anxious in 

appearance; lean and hollow-eyed; — 

matan malango; jechuran iialaflg; 

debit. 
hail, 71.; — gr anise, 
hair, n.: — ^pulo. 

hair on the head, n..- — gaput ulo. 
hairy, adj.; wooly: — m.eplo; peludo. 
hale, odj,; sound bodily; healthy: — 

timalango; lAla; buen sakid. 
half, n.: — ^laniita; empe. 
half, n.; mean; middle: — m6dio. 
half, ac/r.;— meyo; medio; .emp6. 
half shoe, n.; low shoe: — botin. 
hall, n.: — sala; salon. 
hall, n.; courtyard:— patio, 
ham, n.: — jamon. 
hammer, 71.: — mattiyo. 
hammock, ?i,; — amaca. 
hand, n.: — canai. 
handcuffs, n.: — griyete. 
handkerchief, n.: — pano. 
handle, n.: — togpong. 
handle, v. tr.; to use: — manea. 
handle, n.; hook; nii;^;; ear; — dihling. 
handsome, adj.^ adv.; prett}-; neat; 

nice: — dudus; gatbo. 
handwriting, n. : — tinigui-canai. 
handy, adj., adr.;^ dexterous; agile; 

nimble : — maoalamya. 
hang hack, v. i.; to heatate; — ^n^-tate. 
hang up, V. tr.; to .suspend: — can4; 

nacii. 
hang, n.: — macana. 
hangn:ian, n.; executioner: — betdugo. 
haply, adv. conj.; perhaps; may be; by 
fig. chance: — siilaja; Jungguan; puedeja. 
happen, v. i.; to befall; — susede. 
happening, 71./ event; occurrence; — 

sinesede. 
happiness, n.; bliss: — fehsidad; mina- 

gof. 
happy, adj., ad\}.; prosperous; auspicious; 

fortunate; wealthy; opulent; lucky: — 

affottunao; afottunao; feUs. 
hard (head, word, etc.), adj., adv.; Eitub- 

born; perverse; — atagtag; ch^t-ilo. 



hard, adj.^ adv.; firm; fast; strong:— 

fitme; majetog. 
hard, adj., adv.; energetic; strong; — 

metgot. 
harden, v. tr.: — n&-majetog. 
hsiVdly, adv.; scarcely; almost not; but 

just: — apenaa; ecalag. 
hardness, n.; severity: — minefiero. 
harm, n.; disadvantage; loss: — petjuisio. 
harm, 7i.; hurt; injury; damage; — d3,fio; 

puti. 
harmful, adj.; injurious: — na lamen; 

n§, puti. 
harmonium, n.; organ: — atmonio. 
harness, v, tr.; to harness a horse: — 

guatnision. 
harp, n.: — atpa. 
harpoon, n.: — jatp6n. 
harsh, adj., adv.; grumbling; stubborn; 

obstinate ; — bronco; malamana; 

muiiero. 
harvest, 71,: — cosecha; jineca; y quin^co 
harvest, v. tr.; to reap; to gather in: — 

c6c6. 
harvester, n.; harvest gatherer: — 

quicdcd. 
haste, n.; celerity; speed: — pinalalala; 

chiicieg. 
hasten, v. tr.; to move quicker: — 

alula; alulaye. 
hasty, adj., adv.; precipitate; rash: — 

jnaltilula. 
hat, n.: — tujofig. 
hatchet, n,; pickax; mattock; hoe: — 

jachita; sacapico; asada. 
hate, V. tr.; to abhor: — chatlamen; 

chatlil. 
hated, adj., adv.; hateful; abhorred; 

detestable ; odious: — machat-a''tan; 

machatUt; machat-lamen. 
hateful, adj., adv.; disagreeable; repug- 
nant;^ — chatpago; ti guaiyayon. 
hatred, n.; aversion; hostility ' — 

chinatlii. 
haughty, adj. adv.; proud and disdain- 
ful: — baxildoso; mam0,-mdmagas. 
haunch, n.; loins; hip; — lomo. 
have, V. tr.; to have: — g&i; guaja. 
have courage ! — gdi animo I 
haven, n.; place of shelter and safety; — 

fansaga^an seguro; puettan seguro. 
hawk, V. I.; to hem; to clear the throat 

audibly :— ycacag. 
haze, n.; slight fog or mist: — t^tbio. 



gull 



71 



haze 



gull, n.; sea gull: — ^pajaron y oriyan 
tasi pat y tasi, 

grullible, adj.; capable of being easily de- 
ceived : — ^f ababayon. 

gully, ?i.,- narrow ravine: — canat, 

gulp, n.; draft; swallow:— ^in§ 6; 06. 

gum arable, n.: — goman arabia. 

gumption, n.; common eense: — g&i 
s^nsia; sensia comun. 

gums, n.: — paladat. 



gun, n.; paque. 

gunboat, n.: — batcon ca&on; caiionero, 

gunner, n.; — cailonero. 

gunpowder, n.; — p6tbola. 

gush, n.; a sudden and \iolent flow of 

liquid ^ from an inclosed space :— 

minilag; mila^. 
gutj i\ tr,; to eviscerate: — destilipas. 
gutter, n.; channel for carrying away 

water: — mac tan. 



H. 



habit, n.; custom: — pennga; costumbre; 

bisio. 
habit, n.; garment: — abito. 
habitation, 7i.;^aposento; fansaoayan. 
habituate, v, tr.; to accustom; to in- 
ure; — sagaye; acostumbra; na payon. 
habitual, adj.^ adv.: — manftpayon. 
haggard, adj.; worn and anxious in 

appearance; lean and hollow-eyed; — 

matan malango; jechuran iialaflg; 

debit. 
hail, 71.; — gr anise, 
hair, n.: — ^pulo. 

hair on the head, n..- — gaput ulo. 
hairy, adj.; wooly: — m.eplo; peludo. 
hale, odj,; sound bodily; healthy: — 

timalango; lAla; buen sakid. 
half, n.: — ^laniita; empe. 
half, n.; mean; middle: — m6dio. 
half, ac/r.;— meyo; medio; .emp6. 
half shoe, n.; low shoe: — botin. 
hall, n.: — sala; salon. 
hall, n.; courtyard:— patio, 
ham, n.: — jamon. 
hammer, 71.: — mattiyo. 
hammock, ?i,; — amaca. 
hand, n.: — canai. 
handcuffs, n.: — griyete. 
handkerchief, n.: — pano. 
handle, n.: — togpong. 
handle, v. tr.; to use: — manea. 
handle, n.; hook; nii;^;; ear; — dihling. 
handsome, adj.^ adv.; prett}-; neat; 

nice: — dudus; gatbo. 
handwriting, n. : — tinigui-canai. 
handy, adj., adr.;^ dexterous; agile; 

nimble : — maoalamya. 
hang hack, v. i.; to heatate; — ^n^-tate. 
hang up, V. tr.; to .suspend: — can4; 

nacii. 
hang, n.: — macana. 
hangn:ian, n.; executioner: — betdugo. 
haply, adv. conj.; perhaps; may be; by 
fig. chance: — siilaja; Jungguan; puedeja. 
happen, v. i.; to befall; — susede. 
happening, 71./ event; occurrence; — 

sinesede. 
happiness, n.; bliss: — fehsidad; mina- 

gof. 
happy, adj., ad\}.; prosperous; auspicious; 

fortunate; wealthy; opulent; lucky: — 

affottunao; afottunao; feUs. 
hard (head, word, etc.), adj., adv.; Eitub- 

born; perverse; — atagtag; ch^t-ilo. 



hard, adj.^ adv.; firm; fast; strong:— 

fitme; majetog. 
hard, adj., adv.; energetic; strong; — 

metgot. 
harden, v. tr.: — n&-majetog. 
hsiVdly, adv.; scarcely; almost not; but 

just: — apenaa; ecalag. 
hardness, n.; severity: — minefiero. 
harm, n.; disadvantage; loss: — petjuisio. 
harm, 7i.; hurt; injury; damage; — d3,fio; 

puti. 
harmful, adj.; injurious: — na lamen; 

n§, puti. 
harmonium, n.; organ: — atmonio. 
harness, v, tr.; to harness a horse: — 

guatnision. 
harp, n.: — atpa. 
harpoon, n.: — jatp6n. 
harsh, adj., adv.; grumbling; stubborn; 

obstinate ; — bronco; malamana; 

muiiero. 
harvest, 71,: — cosecha; jineca; y quin^co 
harvest, v. tr.; to reap; to gather in: — 

c6c6. 
harvester, n.; harvest gatherer: — 

quicdcd. 
haste, n.; celerity; speed: — pinalalala; 

chiicieg. 
hasten, v. tr.; to move quicker: — 

alula; alulaye. 
hasty, adj., adv.; precipitate; rash: — 

jnaltilula. 
hat, n.: — tujofig. 
hatchet, n,; pickax; mattock; hoe: — 

jachita; sacapico; asada. 
hate, V. tr.; to abhor: — chatlamen; 

chatlil. 
hated, adj., adv.; hateful; abhorred; 

detestable ; odious: — machat-a''tan; 

machatUt; machat-lamen. 
hateful, adj., adv.; disagreeable; repug- 
nant;^ — chatpago; ti guaiyayon. 
hatred, n.; aversion; hostility ' — 

chinatlii. 
haughty, adj. adv.; proud and disdain- 
ful: — baxildoso; mam0,-mdmagas. 
haunch, n.; loins; hip; — lomo. 
have, V. tr.; to have: — g&i; guaja. 
have courage ! — gdi animo I 
haven, n.; place of shelter and safety; — 

fansaga^an seguro; puettan seguro. 
hawk, V. I.; to hem; to clear the throat 

audibly :— ycacag. 
haze, n.; slight fog or mist: — t^tbio. 



be 



72 



bold 



he, or she, pron.:— guiya. 

head, n.: — tilo. 

head, n.; foreman; — cabesa. 

head of the district, n.; district ovot- 

seer: — cabesa de barangai; cabesiyo. 
headrest, n.; pillow (ancient, consiBting 

of a short piece of wood): — ^barote. 
headBtrong, adj.; mulish; stubborn: — 

man-atma. 
heal, V. It.: — anate; n9,-jomlo. 
health, n.; condition of health: — 

jinezolo; sallid. 
healthy, adj.: — Iftlll; brabo. 
heap, n.: — m.oiit6n. 
heap up, V. It.: — ^n.a-etnon; na-boc4. 
hear, iJ. It., v. i.; to lieten: — jungog. 
heading (the sense of hearing), n.: — 

manjiuS^og. 
heart, n.: — corafi6n. 
heart, n.; the inner man; the soul:— 

jinaluxn. 
hearth, n.; baking oven; oven: — ^fogon; 

jotno. 
hearty; adj., adv.; cordial; sincere: — 

fi6t. 
heat, n.; warmth: — ^m&ipe. 
heat, V. tr.; to warm: — n4niSipe. 
heathen, n.; pagan:— pagano. 
heaven, n,: — ^lai^uit. 
heavy, adj.j adv.; difficult: — macat; 

mapot. 
hedge, n.; fence of bushes or shrubs: — 

colat ch3.^guaii. 
heed, v. tr.; to regard wi^ care; to pay 

careful attention: — ficungcog. 
heedlessness, n.; carelessness; reckless- 
ness : — descuida. 
heel, n.;— dSdego; tacon. 
height, n.; altitude; elevation:— hneca. 
heir, n.: — ^heredero. 
hell> n.; abyss; gulf: — tin&ilondo; sasali- 

guan; infietno. 
helm, n.; rudder: — tim6n. 
helmet, n.;— yelmo. 
help, n.; aid; support; assistance : — 

mantiene. 
help, V. i.; to aid; to be of service; to 

aasist : — ayuda, 
help, V. tr.; to assist; to succor; to 

remedy :-T-aBi8te. 
helpless, adj., adv.; unwieldy; awkward; 

clumsy : — llama, 
hem, n.; the edge ol a garment: — 

costura. 
hemp, n.; — <;^fianio. 
hen, n.; female of the domestic fowl: — 

ponudera. 
hence, adv.; in consequence of this: — 

ayo VAX. 
henceforth, adv.; for the future: — mdna; 

para mdna. 
herd, n.; flock; maas: — manadan. 
herder, n.; — paetdt. 
here, mv.; in this place: — este; giifne. 
here, adv.; to this place: — giiine. 
here I interj.; see I— 6stagiil I 
herein, adv.; in this; — gaj-gUine. 
hereey, n.: — ^herejia. 



heretic, n.;— hereje. 

heretofore, adv.; previously; hitherto: — 

j&gasja; jasia p^o. 
hermit, n.; — etmitano. 
heron, n.: — chuchuc6. » 
hero, n.; a man of distir^uished cour- 
age: — matatnga; gdnadot. 
hesitate, v. %.; to doubt; to question:— 

duda. 
hesitate, v. i.; to loiter; to lii^er; to 

tarry; to be slow; to be tardy; to hang 

back: — ura-abmam; nating; mamdta- 

tate. 
hide, n.; leather: — cuero; lasaa. 
hide, V. %.; to hide or conceal one's self: — 

atog. 
hide, V. tr.; to hide something: — nan&. 
hide, V. tr.; to conceal; to keep secret; to 

dissemble; to feign: — disimula; n^- 

atog; n4-lijing. 
hide, V. tr.; to disguise: — Hpa. 
hiding place, n.: — fanatugan; atog. 
high, adj., adv.; prominent: — \oc^', 

mSgas. 
high embankment, n.; stormy sea: — 

chg,uchau. 
highroad, n.: — carera. 
hill, n.; mountain; mountain top; eleva- 
tion: — ogsd; boc^. 
hilly, adj.: — mi-ogs6. 
hind quarter, n.; loins (of animals): — 

pietna; ancas. 
hinder, v. tr.; to obstruct; to impede; to 

prevent: — choma; estotba; impide, 
hindrance, n.; impediment; obstruction; 

obstacle: — estotbo. 
hinge, n.; joint: — ^bisagra; coyuntura. 
hip, n.; haunch; loins: — caderas; lomo; 

iianggo. 
hip bone, n.: — tdlang caderas. 
hiss, V. %.; hissing of frying fat:— besbea; 

desdes. 
history, n.; legend :^i8t6ria; hist6ria. : — 
hit, V . tr.; to hit in the neck or on the back 

of the head;— «ocote. 
hit upon, V. tr.; to meet; to find: — 

danche. 
hither, adv.; to this place:— giiine 

magui; este magui, 
hither, adv.; this way: — magui; chult 

magui; giiine magui, 
hoard, v. tr.; to collect and lay up:— 

manlldaje; numi'sangue; man recoje. 
hoarded, j). p.; piled up; amassed; cumu- 
lated: — abuttao. 
hoarse, adj., adv.: — Sfa^gao; ^salau; 

losus; i%ot£&ot. 
hoe, n.; curved hoe: — aeuela. 
hoe, n.; mattock; pickax; hatchet: — 

asada. 
hog, n.; swine: — bfibui; bibue.* 
hogpen, n.: chiquero; chiqueron-bdbue. 
hoist, V. tr. ;to life or raise with tackle; 

to heave : — jatsa; jala jul6. 
hold, V. tr.; to grasp and keep in the 

hand : — majitiene. 
hold back, v. tr.; to divide off:— chofe; 
p61o-palo. 



73 



er 



i l 



] ^ 



hold back, v. tr,; to keep: — detiene.- 
hold fast, V. tr.; to take; to seize; to 

fasten; to pack: — guot. 
hold within, v. tr.; ulat; siniye. 
hole, n.; aperture; opening; cavity: 

abettura; madog; ngul6. 
holiday, n.; a day of freedom from labor 

in celebration of some event: — jaanen 

gupot. 
hollow, adj.; empty (a fruit without 

sap): — ^biubau. 
hollow, adj.: — ISyog;; fin^io. 
hollow, adj., adv.; vacant within; empty: 

g^eco. 
hollow out, V. tr.; to enlarge (the house); 

to add a room:— na-gueco; naye un 

gucco. 
hollow chisel, n.: — g^bia. 
holy, adj.; Bacred; — ^bienabenturado. 
holy water, n.; — agua beudita. 
Holy Land, n.; Palestine :—Tiera San- 
ta; Fale^tina. 
Holy' Spirit, n.; God; the third person 

of the Trinity: — Santo Espiritoj 

Yuus; y mina trea na petsona gui 

Trinidad, 
homage, n.; deference; reverence: — 

reberSnsia. 
homage, v. tr.; to do homage to; to 

honor: — ^fatpai; honra; onra. 
hom.e, n.; land; piece of ground: — 

tand. 
hone, n.; whetstone: — guasaon And. 
honesty, n.; probity: — tininas. 
honey, n,; sirup: — atnibat; mi^t. 
honeycomb, n.; cake: — pafi&t; chon- 

chon-mi6t, 
honor, v. tr.: — ^honra. 
honorable, adj., adv.; decent; modest; — 

honesto; modesto; reapetavon, 
hood, n,; woman's cap; cowl; cape: — 

bolante; capiya, 
hoof, n.: — ^p&paques ^%,^k. 
hook, n.; curved piece of metal, bone, 

etc., to hold or catch something: — 

gancho. 
hook, n.; boat hook;— gancho; ganchon- 

bote. 
hoop, n.; a metal or wooden band to 

hold together the staves of a cask: — 
. suncho< 
hope, n,; anticipation; confidence: — 

desea; ijinang^a. 
hope, V. tr,, V. i,; to expect; to await; 

to look for: — n&na^ga. 
hopeless, adj., adv.; desperate; — des- 

esperao; tdi nind^ga. 
horizon, n.; the line where the sky and 

earth, or sea, appear to meet; the 

limit of one's mental vision: — canton 

la^uit. 
horn (of an animal), n.; — ca£gguelon; 

cangjelon, 
horn, n.; trumpet: — cotneta. 
horrible, adj., adv.; dreadful; impres- 
sive :—nft'ma&&au. 
hoxTid, adj., adv.; dreadful; terrible; 

hideous: — ti atanon; gof chdtp§.go: 



horror, n.; extreme dread: — lujan 
horse, n.;— cabayo. 
horseman, n.; gentleman: — cabayero. 
hose, n.; rubber hose,' canvas hose (for 

conveying water) : — telipas goma 

(para janum). 
hospital, n.: — jospitat; ospitat. 
host, n.; army: — milisia; ej^taito. 
host, n.; one who entertains anotiier: — 

y g4iguipot; y mafigonbfbida. 
hostelry, n.; inn; lodging house: — 

gumi^FafLochuyan. 
hostess, n. — g&igupot na pal&uan; 

palauan ni gdigupot. 
hostile, adj.; inimical; adverse; repug- 
nant : — contr&rio. 
hot, adj., adv.; fiery; passionate: — 

mHipe. 
hour, n.: — ora. 
house, n.: — gum&. 
household effects, n.: — giiinajan 

gumE. 
house furnishings, n,: — trastes. 
hovel, n,; hut; cabin: — gumS, diquiqul. 
how, adv.; in what manner? to what 

degree or extent? for what reason? — 

jafa taijtnanoP ek jafa? 
however, adv.; meanwhile: — entre- 

tanto. 
how? what sort of? — ^jaf taimanoP 

taimano? 
how manyP how much? — cuantoP 
howl, n.; the howl of a dog: — jfi,u-jau; 

catin g&lago. ^ 

howl, v. i.; to bark; to bellow: — j&ujau; 

agang. 
hug, n.; close embrace: — togtog. 
huge, adj., adv.; very large:— gof d&ng- 

culo. 
hiiU, n.; the body or frame of a ship: — 

quiya. 
hum, n.; the noise of bees and other 

insects in fi^ht:-— binbin; be^bef^. 
hum, V. tr ; to hum a soi^:— uc6; 141ae. 
human, adj., n.; characteristic of man 

or mankind: — jechuran t&otao. 
humane, adj., adv.; benevolent; kind: — 

yoasd; yoasd. 
humanity, n,; mankind: — jechuran 

t&otao; umanid&d. 
humble, adj., adv.; low; lowly: — ebaba. 
humble, adj., adv.; submissive; meek: — 

humitde; manso. 
humble, v.tr.,v. L; to humble one 's self: — 

dole; umiya. 
humbug, n.; fraud; sham; impostor: — 

picaro; f^ababa. 
humid, adj.; damp; moist: — limido; 

humido. 
humiliate, v. tr.: — ^humiya; umiya. 
humility, n.: — umitd&t; inimitde. 
hunaorous, adj.; comical: — ^nft^chaleg. 
humorsome, adj., adv.; capricious: — 

caprichoso; chfdiui^. 
hump, n.; humj>back: — bado. 
hundred, n.: — siSn. 
hunger, n.; — ^nifiala£g. 



hunt 



74 



impart 



hunt, V. tr.; to pursue game:— Scajat; 

cumajat. 

huxiah I inter) . ;— biba ! 

hurry, v. i.: — pinalala. 

hurry, v. i.; to hurry in a certain direc- 
tioa: — gru&guato. 

hurt, V. tr.; to damage; to wound:— 
nlb-fafLetnot; chetnot; faiietnot. 

hurt, V. tr.; to grieve:— laet. 

hurt, n.; harm; injury; dam^e: — da&o. 

hurtful, adj., adv.; injurious; detri- 
mental : — dafioao . 

husband, n.;— esposa. 



husk, n,; crust; skin; rind:— lasas. 

husk (cotton), v. tr.: — escatmina. 

hustle, V. I., to exhibit energy and alac- 
rity: — ii3,-chadeg; alula. 

hut, n.: — ^lancho; ra^cho. 

hut, n.; a very small hut;— anagon|;; 
eadd'gane. 

hymn, n.; song of praise: — goso. 

hypocrisy, n.: — jipocresia. 

hypocrite, n.; dissembler: — cadd ma- 
xulLni&uleg; iip6crito. 

hysteria, n.; nervous paroxysm of 
laughter or weeping: — jiat^ria. 



I. 



I, pron.:—s6 (me); guajo. 

ice, n.: — ais; ielo. 

ice plant, n.; ice manufactory; — ^fab- 

rican ais. 
idea, n.; a mental image or picture; 

belief; plan: — idea; jins-ao; pensa- 

miento. 
ideal, adj.; visionary ; perfect : — ^petfecto; 

eengiiiva. 
identical, adj., adv.; the same; diftermg 

in no essential point: — ^parejo; pi- 

narejo; lo mismo. 
identify, v. tr.; to make, prove to be, 

or consider as, the same: — identiflca; 

jasuye can giiiya. . . 

idiom, n.; the distinctive characteristic 

of a language: — idioma. 
idiot, n.; one of weak intellect; a foolish 

person:— sonso; •caduco; tonto; n^sio. 
idle, adj.; unoccupied: — desocupao; pe- 

resoso; g^go; tai bida; osioso. 
idleness, n.: — guinagd; tai ch©ch6; 

osiosldad. . ■ , . 

idler, n.; sluggard; good-for-nothing fel- 
low; loafer:— embelequero; gago; ga- 

lumaoya, 
idol, n.;— idolo. 
idolatry, n.: — idolatria; v man adodora 

fdolo. ' . ^ 

if yconj.; on tho condition; supposing that; 

whether; although:— anguin; yan- 

guin. 
ignite, v. ir.; to set on fire: — totngue; 

na-fanil^; songgue. . 

ignorance, n.: — ign6ransia; tinaiti- 

ningo; tai jinaso. 
ignorant, oc?;.;— tai jinaso; ti ma- 

nuiigo. . , ,. -, 

ill, adj., adv.; bad or evil; sick; diseased; 

DOt friendly:— baba; manetnot; ti 

m^ulog. 
ill-bred, adj,; rude; uncivil; imperti- 

nentT^impettinente; n^'dson; mal- 

iU-disposed, adj.; evil-mmded: — malxn- 

censionao. 
illegitimate, ad/.;— ilegitimo; contra- 

rion lay titunaa. 
ill humored, v. %.; to be ill humored ; to be 

disgruntled:— muy 6; mal-hum6t; n^- 

tdiminagof. 



iUuminate, v. tr.; enlighten; to light 
ii'>: — aclara; ina; nS,fanuiig6. 
illumination, n,: — ^lemunayas; inina. 
ill will, n.; vexation; anger: — escS.n- 

dalo. 
image, n.; picture: — imajen. 
imagination, n.; a conception or idea; 

fancy; — ^pot nina sinan guinen y 

jinaso imajinasi6n. 
imagine, v. tr., v. i.; to coniccture; to 

think; to reflect upon: — jaso; jasuye; 

supone; imajina. 
imbecile, adj.; feeble-minded; idiotic: — 

a^'duco; n^sio; 3,''tamos. 
imbibe, v. ir., v. i.; to drink:— guimen; 

chopchop. 
imitate, v. tr.; to follow; to stick to some 

one: — da0.alag; dalalaque; eyag; tat- 

tiye. 
imitation, n.; education:— in-eyag; 

dinii^lalag. 
immaterial, adj.; unessential :^tl prin- 

sipat; ti neaesario; ti gua'ilaye. 
immature, adj., adv.; not ripe; not fuli>' 

grown or developed; crude: — ^matS-; 

chdtmasa; ti aasacan. 
immeasurable, adj., adv.; immense; 

vast; limitless: — taichi. 
immediately, ac^iJ.. -—enseguidas; 

pa'goja. 
immediately ! inter j . : — gdsisi ja ! 
immediately thereafter, adv.: — 

ti-abman. 
immense, adj., adv.; heavy; large:— sen 

dlngculo; tamaiio. 
immoderate, adj., adv.; extravagant; in- 
temperate:— t5,imoderasi6n; desareg- 

lao. 
immoderation; n.; intemperance:— 

gula; sin medida. 
immortal, adj.; imperishable; not sub- 
ject to death:— t&iflnatai;immottdt. 
immovabLe, adj., adv.; fixed; unchang- 

ing; — taicalamten; fijo; fitme. 
impair, v. tr.; to prejudice; to do 

damage: — acacha; pctjudica; inacacha; 

na-daiio. • 
impart, v. tr., v. i.; to bestow a share or 

portion; to give:— pattiye; fdcae; patte; 

nae. 



hunt 



74 



impart 



hunt, V. tr.; to pursue game:— Scajat; 

cumajat. 

huxiah I inter) . ;— biba ! 

hurry, v. i.: — pinalala. 

hurry, v. i.; to hurry in a certain direc- 
tioa: — gru&guato. 

hurt, V. tr.; to damage; to wound:— 
nlb-fafLetnot; chetnot; faiietnot. 

hurt, V. tr.; to grieve:— laet. 

hurt, n.; harm; injury; dam^e: — da&o. 

hurtful, adj., adv.; injurious; detri- 
mental : — dafioao . 

husband, n.;— esposa. 



husk, n,; crust; skin; rind:— lasas. 

husk (cotton), v. tr.: — escatmina. 

hustle, V. I., to exhibit energy and alac- 
rity: — ii3,-chadeg; alula. 

hut, n.: — ^lancho; ra^cho. 

hut, n.; a very small hut;— anagon|;; 
eadd'gane. 

hymn, n.; song of praise: — goso. 

hypocrisy, n.: — jipocresia. 

hypocrite, n.; dissembler: — cadd ma- 
xulLni&uleg; iip6crito. 

hysteria, n.; nervous paroxysm of 
laughter or weeping: — jiat^ria. 



I. 



I, pron.:—s6 (me); guajo. 

ice, n.: — ais; ielo. 

ice plant, n.; ice manufactory; — ^fab- 

rican ais. 
idea, n.; a mental image or picture; 

belief; plan: — idea; jins-ao; pensa- 

miento. 
ideal, adj.; visionary ; perfect : — ^petfecto; 

eengiiiva. 
identical, adj., adv.; the same; diftermg 

in no essential point: — ^parejo; pi- 

narejo; lo mismo. 
identify, v. tr.; to make, prove to be, 

or consider as, the same: — identiflca; 

jasuye can giiiya. . . 

idiom, n.; the distinctive characteristic 

of a language: — idioma. 
idiot, n.; one of weak intellect; a foolish 

person:— sonso; •caduco; tonto; n^sio. 
idle, adj.; unoccupied: — desocupao; pe- 

resoso; g^go; tai bida; osioso. 
idleness, n.: — guinagd; tai ch©ch6; 

osiosldad. . ■ , . 

idler, n.; sluggard; good-for-nothing fel- 
low; loafer:— embelequero; gago; ga- 

lumaoya, 
idol, n.;— idolo. 
idolatry, n.: — idolatria; v man adodora 

fdolo. ' . ^ 

if yconj.; on tho condition; supposing that; 

whether; although:— anguin; yan- 

guin. 
ignite, v. ir.; to set on fire: — totngue; 

na-fanil^; songgue. . 

ignorance, n.: — ign6ransia; tinaiti- 

ningo; tai jinaso. 
ignorant, oc?;.;— tai jinaso; ti ma- 

nuiigo. . , ,. -, 

ill, adj., adv.; bad or evil; sick; diseased; 

DOt friendly:— baba; manetnot; ti 

m^ulog. 
ill-bred, adj,; rude; uncivil; imperti- 

nentT^impettinente; n^'dson; mal- 

iU-disposed, adj.; evil-mmded: — malxn- 

censionao. 
illegitimate, ad/.;— ilegitimo; contra- 

rion lay titunaa. 
ill humored, v. %.; to be ill humored ; to be 

disgruntled:— muy 6; mal-hum6t; n^- 

tdiminagof. 



iUuminate, v. tr.; enlighten; to light 
ii'>: — aclara; ina; nS,fanuiig6. 
illumination, n,: — ^lemunayas; inina. 
ill will, n.; vexation; anger: — escS.n- 

dalo. 
image, n.; picture: — imajen. 
imagination, n.; a conception or idea; 

fancy; — ^pot nina sinan guinen y 

jinaso imajinasi6n. 
imagine, v. tr., v. i.; to coniccture; to 

think; to reflect upon: — jaso; jasuye; 

supone; imajina. 
imbecile, adj.; feeble-minded; idiotic: — 

a^'duco; n^sio; 3,''tamos. 
imbibe, v. ir., v. i.; to drink:— guimen; 

chopchop. 
imitate, v. tr.; to follow; to stick to some 

one: — da0.alag; dalalaque; eyag; tat- 

tiye. 
imitation, n.; education:— in-eyag; 

dinii^lalag. 
immaterial, adj.; unessential :^tl prin- 

sipat; ti neaesario; ti gua'ilaye. 
immature, adj., adv.; not ripe; not fuli>' 

grown or developed; crude: — ^matS-; 

chdtmasa; ti aasacan. 
immeasurable, adj., adv.; immense; 

vast; limitless: — taichi. 
immediately, ac^iJ.. -—enseguidas; 

pa'goja. 
immediately ! inter j . : — gdsisi ja ! 
immediately thereafter, adv.: — 

ti-abman. 
immense, adj., adv.; heavy; large:— sen 

dlngculo; tamaiio. 
immoderate, adj., adv.; extravagant; in- 
temperate:— t5,imoderasi6n; desareg- 

lao. 
immoderation; n.; intemperance:— 

gula; sin medida. 
immortal, adj.; imperishable; not sub- 
ject to death:— t&iflnatai;immottdt. 
immovabLe, adj., adv.; fixed; unchang- 

ing; — taicalamten; fijo; fitme. 
impair, v. tr.; to prejudice; to do 

damage: — acacha; pctjudica; inacacha; 

na-daiio. • 
impart, v. tr., v. i.; to bestow a share or 

portion; to give:— pattiye; fdcae; patte; 

nae. 



101! 



75 



inattentive 



impartial, adj., adv.; free from partiality; 

unprejudiced; fair; just: — justo; gae- 

gaa; taapinetjudica; taifnter^a. 
impassable, adj., adv.; not admitting 

passage; — ti fanffi-pusan; ti fanfalo- 

fanan; tin^i falofan. 
impatience, n.; — tinaisiningon; tenjos; 

tinenjos. 
impatient, adj.:— t&njos; tdipaseiisia; 

taisiningon. 
impecunious, adj.; without money; 

poor: — t&isalap^; poble; neaeaitao. 
impede, v. tr.; to hinder; to obstruct: — 

chomS,; estotba; impide. 
im.pedim.ent, n.; obstruction; obstacle; 

hindrance: — estotbo; impedimento. 
impenetrable, adj,: — chomchom; ti 

jatmiyon; ti tacaon; ti tuiTguon. 
impenitenoe, n.: — ti minaftotsot; tai- 

sinetsot; ti fiifafiotsot. 
impenitent, adj.: — ^ti manotsot; tdi- 

sinetsot. 
imperative, adj., adv.; peremptory; obli- 
gatory: — obliga; ti abitayon; tago; 

mancia. 
imperceptible, adj., adv.: not ^easily 

apprehended by the mind: — tiliion. 
imperfect, adj., adv.: incomplete: — ti 

cabales; ti petfecto. 
imperil, v. tr.; to put in peril; to |}ut in 

danger; to endanger; to jeopardize: — 

ariesga; p61o gui peligro. 
imperishable, adj.; indestructible; not 

subject to decay; permanent; perma- 
nently enduring: — taifindtai; tdiput- 

lilo; tdinilamas. 
impertinence, n.; forwardness; rude- 
ness; — impettinensia; t^isetbe; para 

num^fiaon. 
impertinent, adj.; rude: — ^impetti- 

nente; na'daon. 
imperturbable, adj., adv.; not easily 

disturbed or agitated; cool; calm; — 

meton; ti estotbayon. 
impervious, adj.; impenetrable: — 

chomchom; gadon. 
impetuous, adj., adv.; irritable; effer- 
vescent; violent; vehement; boisterous; 

passionate; given to anger:— ini- 

petuoso; fejman; fijom; jdbubo; japi- 

nalala; arebatao. 
impious, adj., adv.: irreligious; wicked:— 

prof ana; contra y lay Yiiua; tii re- 

hjion. 
implement, n.; tool; utensil:— jera- 

mienta; trastes. 
imply, V. tr.; to mean; to insinuate: — 

malagd na u sa£gan; para ma 

aignifica. 
impoHte, adj., adv.; wanting in good 
manners; boorish; coarse: — desatento; 
taiatension; bronco; impolitico. 
import, V. tr.; to bring into a country 
from abroad: — guinen otro tand; 
impotta, 
important; it is important; it is 
necessary; it is fitting; — conbiene; 
neaesario; mi ma atan. 



important, adj.y adv.; principal:— 

priiudpat. 

importune, v. tr.; to molest: — n&- 
cn&tsaga; potfia. 

impose, v. tr.; to place upon (example: 
to impose punishment): — ^impone; 
catgaye; obliga na u catga. 

imposition, n.; trick; fraud; decep- 
tion :^flnitbaba; inacacha; traisidn; 
engaiio, 

impossible, adj.: — ti sifla; ch^tss^a; 
enaot; chdchaot. 

impoveriali, v, tr.: to make poor; to re- 
duce to poverty: — ^ni-mengua; n&- 
poble. 

impracticable, adj.; impossible; prohib- 
ited: — chaot; chachaot. 

impressive, adj., adv.; horrible; dread- 
ful; — na'maanau. 

imprint, v. i.; to impress (into one's 
heart): — n&-cheton; matca pat seiiala. 

imprison, v. tr.; to incarcerate; to lock 
in: — poflgle; preso; polo pii catset. 

improbable, adj., adv.; unlikely; not to 
be expected: — ti nangayun; ti pro- 
bable; calang ti magajet. 

improper, adj., adv.: not suitable for the 
purpose; erroneous: — ti propio; ti guef 
giiiya; ti dinanche, 

improve, v. %.; to advance; to better 
one's circumstances; to make progress; 
to prosper; to thrive: — adelanta; ade- 
lantao; na lat fena; lumdmauleg; ma 
mejora. 

improve, v. tr.; to miake good an asser- 
tion; to give one credit; to bail; to 
insure: — apase; abona; nS,magajet; na- 
lamauleg, 

improvement, n.: — nin&mauleg; finS,- 
mauleg; inadelanta; ainibe, 

imprudence, n.; carelessness of conse- 
quences; — ti yddaje; imprud6naia^ 

imprudent, adj.; unwise: — ^''titiingo; 
ti tomtom. 

impudent, adj., adv.; offensively for- 
ward; intentionally disrespectful: — 
atrebido; tdi respeto; descarao. 

impunity, n.; freedom from punish- 
ment, injury, or loss: — inasti; nires- 
cata; nin§- lib re. 

impure, adj., adv.; unclean; dirty: — 
a^plach^; cuclunada; abale. 

impurity, n.: — in-fi,bal§; indplacb^; 
cuchinada. 

in, prep., adv.; within; inside; — jalom; 
san jalom; dentro. 

inadvertent, adj., adv.: heedless; care- 
less; unconscious: — descuidao; taitna- 
daje; ti y6daje. 

inanimate, adj.; lifeless; dead; spirit- 
less: — m&tai; ti lalM^; taijaane; tai- 
jinagon^. 

inattentive, adj., adv.; careless; inad- 
vertent:— dafl&; tdiatensi6n; tditna- 
daje; ti y6daje. 

inattentive, adj., adv.; irreverent; dis- 
respectful; rude; coarse; rough: — 
desatento; bronco; bruto; tdirespeto. 



4562—18- 



-6 



ioaiigurale 



70 



infant 



inaugurate, v. it,; to establish; to in- 
troduce; to arrange: — establese; 
aregla; fotma; dedica, 

incapacitate, v, tr.; to render unfit or 
incapable; to disable:— ti auinifia; 
tumaifuetfla; cMtaaga; ti capas. 

in case; should it happen that: — yan- 

izicentlve) n.; reason; motive: — motibo; 

rason. 
inch, n.; one- twelfth of a foot: — 

putg'ada. 
incident, n.; occurrence; event; happen- 
ing: — sinesede; caso. 
incite, v. tr.; to admonish; to stimu- 
late: — cuca. 
incite, v. tr.; to incite rebellion: — ni- 

Jatsamlento. 
inclination, n.; appetite; desire; liking; 

will: — ganas; loglog; minalag6. 
incline, v. ir.; to bend down; to take 

down; to tilt: — baja; dilog; tecon. 
inclined, adj.; oblique: — as6. 
incline, v. i.; to bow: — as6. 
inclined to do wrong, adj.y adv.; for- 
bidden; crooked; bent: — echo:i^; ine- 
chong. 
Include, v. tr.; to inclose; to comprise: — 
, incluso; dumaM. 
Income, n.; the gain from labor; busi- 
ness, property, or capital: — ^y jumll- 
jalom. 
incomparable, adj.; matchless; peer- 
less: — ti acomparayon. 
incomplete, odi., adv.; not fully finished 
or developed; imperfect: — ti gu6f 
munjayan; ticabales. 
in conjunction wit^, adv.; with: — con. 
inconsequent, adj.; unimportant: — ti 

impottante; ti presiso. 

inconstant, adj.; unstable; changeable; 

variable: — ti fijo jinasofia; bariable. 

inconvenience, n.; unfitness; trouble- 

someness; disadvantage: — chinfi-taaga; 

ti sumina. 

incorrect, adj., adv.; faulty: — gai de- 

fecto; ti dinanche. 
incorrigible, adj., adv.: — ti ch.umS.on; 

ti corejiyon, 
increase, v. tr.; to enlarge; to enhance: — 

aumenta; ma subi; lumdmegai. 
incredible, adj.:— ti jong^guiyon. 
incubate, v. i.; to brood: — cumuleca. 
incurable, adj., adv.; irremediable; in- 
corrigible; — ^iremediable; tAiremedio; 
ti n& magungong; ti amtiyon. 
indeed, adv.; in fact; in truth: — sietto; 

magajet. 
indefatigable, adj.: — ti y&yayas. 
indemnify; to make good damage done 

to: — apase y da£Lo; indemnifica. 
independent, adj., adv.; not dependent 
on, supported by, or govcrnecl^ by 
another: — independiente; taiinangoco 
ti-man-afigongoco; tdichinitsaga. 



indestructible, adj., adv.; not capable 

of being destroyed: — ti yamacon; ti 
yulangon; ti rematayon. 
indeterminate, adj., adv.; not precise; 
not fixed; indefinite :-»-ti ma tetmina; 
ti ma nt fijo. 
indicate, v. tr.; to j>oiut out; to suggest; 
to hint: — fStnue; indica; nS.-jaso; tan- 
chue. 
indifferent, adj., adv.; unconcerned; 
regardless: — ti pare jo; ti giiiya y ma 
sangan; indiferente. 
indigenous, adj.; native: — natibo; ma- 

fanagon.y mismo tand. 
indigent, adj.; destitute; needy: — ^nese- 

aito; tai saga. 
indigestible, adj.^ adv.: — tingangason; 

ti dijeriyon. 
indignation, n.; quarrel, obstacle; diffi- 
culty; vexation; chagrin: — disgusto; 
n^ bubo; pUito, 
indigo, n.: — ^nguiles. 
indirect, adj.^ adv.; not straight: — ti 

tunas; indirect©. 
individual, n.: — solo; cuatqui^raj^ na 

tiotao. 
indivisible, adj.: — ti ipion; tifacdiyon; 

tiapattayon; tidibidiyon. 
indolence, n.; laziness; idleness: — 

guinagd. 
indolent, adj.y adv.; lazy: — desaplicao; 

gag6. . 

induce, v. tr.; to persuade: — mduse; 

suog; joiilgue. 
industrious, adj., adv.; hard-workmg: — 

fafachfichd; buen mucUacho. 
industry, n.; steady application to busi- 
ness or labor; a particular branch of 
work or trade: — dilij#nsia. 
ineffective, adj., adv.; not producing 
the desired result: — ti guiya; ti 
dinanche. 
ineligible, adj.; unworthy of choice: — 

ti ayicon; ti cuentayon. 

inestimable, adj., adv.; incalculable; 

beyond measure or price: — tS-iprSsiO; 

t^i ma estima; ti catculayon; ti tasayon. 

inexcusable, adj.; unpardonable: — ti 

asi-iyon, 
inexpensive, adj., adv.; cheap: — t&i- 

gasto; barato; ti mlgasto. 
inexperienced, adj., adv.; unskilled; 
unpracticed : — t&ipinayon; tdiesper^n- 
eia; tdiprdctico. 
inexplicable, adj., adv.: — ti esplicayon; 

ti n^claruyon. 
inextinguishable, adj.: — ti punuon; 

ti parayon janonna. 
infaUible, adj.; unerring:— ti sifla man- 

dague; tdilinache; tdidinague. 
infamous, adj.; wicked; profligate: — 

ch&tpayon; petbetso; escandaloso. 
infancy, n.; early childhood : — pinatgon; 

p^go finaiiago. 
infant, n,* a young child; — nene; pinat- 
gon; p^go finaiiago. 



in 



77 



instrument 



in favor of: — a fab6t de. 

infection, n.; taint; iniectious disease:^ 

tanme; cMchalapon chetnot, 
inferior, adj,; lower; subordinate:— 

ta'gpapS,; ti magas; y sumasaga gui 

papa otro; matag6. 
infernal, adf?'., adv.; hellish; fiendish: — ■ 

inanite; sinasaldguan; iyon sasaluguan; 

eentailaye. 
infidel, adj.; unbelieving; \ingodly; 

wicked:— ti fljt; Mfababa; ti man- 

jonggue; ti jenggue. 
infinite, adj.; endless; unlimited: — ti 

iguion; taiuttimo; ti pasayon, ^ 
infirm, adj.^ adv.; faint, weak:— debit. 
inflame, v. tr,; to excite; to fire with 

passion: — ag6dai; maagodai; na lalald. 
inflamed, adj.; incensed:— agodai; song- 

gue; na faiiila. 
inflammable, adj., adv.; easily set on 

fire; combustible :—gusi janon; son- 

guiyon; gust maiiila. 
inflam.mation, n,: characterized by pain, 

redness, heat, and swelling: — tfi-ujan. 
inflate, v. tr., v. i.; swell; to cause swell- 
ing:— -binila; nS.-eBpongia; baobao. 
inflating, adj.; swelling:— pumogpog; 

umespongja; bentoso. 
inflexible, adj., adv.; rigid; stiff; un- 
bending: — potft&o; tiao; fitme. 
influence, n.; power arising from char- 
acter or station: — influensia. 
infold, V. tr.; to wrap up; to swathe; to 

swaddle: — afuyut; falulon; balutan. 
inform, v. tr., v. i.; to apprise; to give 

information:— na-tungo; sangane; 

notifica. > 

information, n.: — infotmasion; nin^ 

tui'ig6; notificaaion. 
informer, n.; approver: — y num&nS,- 

tungd; y maiigangane. 
infuriate, v. tr.; to provoke; to incite: — 

dsuni; n§.-lalal6; na-bubo; nMritao. 
igenious, adj,, adv.; clever; inventive; 

witty: — grasioso; luch6; injenioso; 

di^stro cumalamten; listo man jaso; 

gust man inbenta, 
inguinal rupture, n.: — chinadfi.. 
inhabit, v. tr.,v. %.; to dwell in; to reside; 

to remain: — tauti-giie; sagaye, 
inherit, v. tr., v. i.: — h.ereda. 
inheritance, n.: — her^nsia. 
inhuman, adj.; cruel; unfeeling: — mala- 

mafia; ti chScho taotao. 
inimical, adj.; apposite; hostile: — con- 

trario. 
initiate, v. tr.; to use for the first time: — 
inestrena; tutujon; find^nanaua biaje. 
injure, v. tr.; to injure the good name; to 

dishonor: — deshonra. 
injure, v. tr.; to hurt: — n&-lamen; n^- 

fanetnot. 
injure, v. tr.; to insult; to affront; — 

isS.gue; insutta; na-mamajlao. 
injurious, adj., adv.; hurtful; detri- 
mental: — dailoso; nasagut; na'puti; 
nalamen. 



injury, n.; harm; damage; hurt:— dafLo; 

siniigue; pininite. 
injustice, n.; wrong: — inechong; iu- 

justfsia, 
ink, n.: — tinta, 
ink blot, n.: — boron. 
inkstand, n.: — tintero. 
inlaid work, n.; raised work; — ma- 

embutiya. 
inlet, n.; passage; sieve; filter: — fan- 

jalum.an; ensenada. 
inn, n.; road house: — tabetna, gumS. 

pasajero. 
in need, adj.: — neseaitS,o; nesesita. 
inner, adj.; internal; interior: — san 

jalom; san jalum. 
inner man, n.; the soul; heart; — jina- 

lum, or: jinalom. 
innocent, adj., adv.; not guilty:— 

taifsao; inosente. 
in order that, conj.: — para, 
inquire, v. tr.; to investigate: — aberl- 

gua; iaisen; que tui^O. 
inquisitive, adj., adv.; curious: — cu- 

rioso; ga mamdisen. 
in place of, adv.; instead of: — cuentan; 

en lugat. 
insane, adj. ,adv.; deranged ; crazed ; mad; 

giddy ; seasick : — atmari&o- 
insanity, n.; lunacy; madness:— inat- 

marig,o; quinaduco, 
insatiable, adj.; not capable of being 

satisfied or appeased:^— tfi.i sinatis- 

fecho. 
insecure, adj.; uncertain; unsafe: — ti 

fljo; ti magajet; t^iseguro. 
insert, v. tr.; to interpose; to interpo- 
late :—na-§nt aid. 
inside, adv.; therewithin; within; — 

sanjalum; jalum; gui jalum. 
insinuate, v. tr.; to suggest or hint in- 
directly: — natuiigdflaijon; sanganen 

patgon. 
insolent, adj., adv.; shameless; bold; 

daring: — atrebido; descarao; saguat. 
inspect, v. tr.; to overlook; to control; 

to search; to view; to visit: — Sg^g^l; 

reconose; rebista. 
inspire, v. tr.; to encourage; to strength- 
en :—anima; nS,-matatnga. 
in spite of, prep.; nevertnelese; notwith- 
standing: — con todo que. 
install, V. tr.; to establish; to institute: — 

n&e posesidn; planta; establese. 
instead of, adv.; in place of: — cuenta; 

en lugat de; en bes de. 
instead, adv.^ on the other hand: — 

c&mbio. 
instigate, u. tr.; incite; to stir up:— 

atborata. 
instruct, v. tr.; to teach; to guide; to 
lead; to give instruction to: — chacha- 
lane; fanS^^giie. 
instructed, arf;.:— manlt-eyag; ma 

chachalane. 
instrument, n.; tool: — instrumento; 
jeramienta; estotmento. 



insufficient 



78 



ivy 



insufficient, adj.; inadequate; short: — 

ti tinac&; ti manaca; ti najong. 
insult, V. It.; to bring disgrace upon: — 

alS; nSl-al4; deshonra; na-inale; n&- 
tai-lama. 
insult, V. tr.; to embitter: — nft-layd. 
insult, V. tr.: to mock; to deride; — cfi,si; 

insutta; lotgue. 
insult, 71.; misfortune; destruction: — 

inalS; nini-ald; inafia. 
insult, n,; outrage: — ^linayfi. 
insulting, adj., adv.; abusive; — totpe. 
insure, v. tr.; to improve; to make good 

an assertion; to bail: — n&-niagajet; 

apase; abona; na-lamauleg. 
insure, v.tr.; to make fast; to etrength- 

en; — na-fitme; aaegura; na-mafnot. 
insure, v. tr.; to secure; to warrant; to 

guarantee: — asegura. 
insurrection, n.; uprising; rebellion; 

tumult :~jatsamiento; inatborota; 

insurecsion, 
intelligible, adj.; comprehensible:— 

tunguon; comprendiyon. 
intemperance, n.; immoderation; — 

gula; degula; sin moderasion. 
intend, v. tr.; to resolve: — jasuye; 

intensionaye. 
intending, 'adj.:—i ntensionao; 

jaausuve. 
intensive, adj., adv.; with all might:— 

tacalum; mano y sifia. . 

intention, n.; determination; deci- 
sion: — detetminasion; dinetetmina. 
intention, n.; opinion; reason; memory; 

thought: — }inaso; inten8i6n. 
intentional, adj., adv.; designed; 

premeditated:— ma intensiona; ma 

jasuye; depots! ma jasuye; jasngon. 
inter,' v. tr.; to bury: — jafot. 
intercede, v. i.; to speak in favor of some 

one: — adinganiye. 
interest, n.;— interns; minalago; giii- 

interfere, v. %.; to oppose; to meadle,— 

entalue; umentalo; atropeya mete, 
interior, n.; inland:— san jalom na 

patte; chago jalom na patte gui tano; 

jalom tand {aUo v:rilten jalum). ^ 
intermission, n.; pause; interruption:— 

inentalue. 
international, arf7.;~entre y nasion 

sija. 
international 

t&otao sija. 
interpose, v. i 

umental6. 

interpret, v. tr.; to explain; to trans- 
late: — esplicaye; traduae; na claruye; 

ganganiye. 
interpreter, n.;— intetprete; mt^tpete. 
interrrogate, v. tr., v. i.; to question; 

to ask:— f&isen; aben'gua. 
interrupt, v. ir..— n&-para; poloniiiii- 

jon; bumaata. 



law, n.: — derechon y 
.; to mediate: — entaliie; 



intestines, n.: — tiUpas. 

in tlie daytime: — gui-jaane; an jadne. 

intolerable, adj.; unbearable:— ti 

su^unon; ti aguantayon. 
intrench, v. tr.; to di^ in:— graba; 

fi trinchera, 
intricate, adj.; entangled; complicat- 
ed: — gadon; complicao. 
introduce, v. tr.; to arrange; to estab- 
lish: — ^introduse; establese; aregla; 
preaenta un tdotao gui otro. 
invalid, adj.; null and void: — t&ibale; 

nulo; tMsetbe. 
in vain, adv.; to no purpose; fruitlessly; 

unnecessarily: — enbano; tiigu^ilaye. 
invaluable, adj.; priceless:- t&ibale; 

tiipr^sio. 
invariable, adj., adv.; constant:— 

siempre ftjo; fijo; tAicum_aUmten. 
invasion, n.; hostile incursion: — 

jinatme. 
invent, v. tr.; to devise; to find out;— 

nli-juyoflg; inbenta; sodi. 
inventive, adj., adv.; witty; ingenious; 
cleaver: — grasioso; inbentibo; sis- 
oda; didescubre. 
invest, v. i.; to make an investment of 

money; — ^inbierte; emplea. 
investigate, v. tr.; to inquire: — aberl- 

gua; reconose; inbestigua. 
invincible, odfj.; unconquerable:— ti afla- 

yon; ti julaton, 
invisible, adj., adv.: — ti Hion. 
invite, v. ir.;— conbida; jujo; agangue; 

8oy6. 
invited person, n.; guest: — conbidao. 
invoice, n.; bill: — cuenta; factura. 
irk8om.e, adj., adv.; vexatious; — guai- 

jetdan; fastidioso; na oson. 
iron, n,;— lulog; prensa. 
iron, n.; nail:— lulog; prensa; lulog 

man atane. 

irregular, adj.; anomalous:— echong; 

ti areglao; ti pot otden. 
irreverent, adj., adv.; disrespectful; 
rude; coarse; rough; inattentive:— 
desatento; tAirespeto; bruto; bronco; 
bastos. 
irritable, adj., adv.; effervescent; im- 
petuous:— nS-bubo; empetuoso; n^'- 
falalo. . 

island, n.: — pedasiton tan6 ni nire- 

dondea ni tasi; iala; tan6. 
isolated, adj., adv.; solitary; secluded; 
off-lying; remote; lonesome: — m&isa; 
solo; retirao gui pumalo; aislado. 
isolation, n.; solitude:- m&maiBaj&; y 

lugat nai gtilgtiiyaja. 
issue, n.; progeny; posterity:— desend- 

6nsia. 
itch, n.; scab; scurf; — ^lat$; satna. 
item, n./ a separate article: — una cosa; 

un attfculo ni sajngue. 
ivory, n.: — matflt. 
ivy, n.: — yedra. 



jackal 



T9 



knob 



J. 



jackal, n.;— n&an gliga gm ya Asia. 

jackass, n.: — bulico. 

jacket, 71.; — chaqueta; chaleco. 

jail, n.; prison: — calaboso. 

January, n.: — enero; tumaiguine, 

jar, n.; earthenware pot or vessel: — 

jara; tebot; taro. 
jaw, n.: — quiadas. 
jawbone, n.; cheekbone: — quiadas; 

t61ang-quiadaa. 
jawbone, n.; lower, nether, jaw: — 

achaxnchaxn. 
jealous, adj., adv.; envious; grudging: — 

§gd; enbidioso. 
jealousy, n,; envy: — inigd; ug6; ii^ui. 
jeer atj v. tr.; to defame; to backbite; 

to review: — ad&. 
jest, 71.; joke: — chansa; esetan, 
jester, n.; jokesmith; joker: — ieedtan; 

gl,-umesitan; chansero; numichaleg. 
jewel, n.: — alajas. 
jewelry, n.; ornament: — alajas; gat- 

besas. 
job, n.; piece of work: — chdchd, 
join, V. tr.; to unite; to connect;— 

um^cheton. 
joiner, n.; woodworker: — y mi^uleg^ na 

catpintero. 
joint or link of a machine, n.: — 

cuyuntura. 
joint, n.; cut: — xnoscas. 
joint estate, n./ communion; — 

conaum6n. 
joints, n.: — cuyunturas. 
joke, n.; jest; — chansa. 



joke, V. i.; to amuse one's self: — fisitan; 

eeitine. 
joker, n.; jokesmith; jester: — iesitan; 

gS-um^sitan . 
jokingly, adv.; jestingly; jocosely: — 

cliumacb.ansa. 
joy, n.; taste: — magof. 
joyous, adj.^ adv.; merry; gay; satisfied; 

cheerful; delighted: — dibettido; magof. 
judge, n.: — juSs. 

judgment, n.; decree; sentence; — jufsio. 
jug, n.; pitcher; crock; water jug: — 

jara, 
juice, n.; sap (of trees, fruits, etc.): — 

cliugd. 
juicy, adj.: — xuefgd. 
July, ?i.:— jtiUo. 
jump, n.: — tin^yog; tS^yog. 
jump, V. i.; leap; to jump over some 

object, as to jump over a log: — S.gulk; 

gope. 
jump, V. i.; to run away: — ^p6chau, or: 

pSchao. 
June, n.; — jtinio. 

junk, n.; old metals; rope, etc.: — basula. 
jurisdiction, n : — plsiAa; minanda. 
jury, 71.; — testigo; dinana para juisio. 
just, adj., adv : — jus to; tunas. 
justice, n.; fairness: — inaya; justisia; 

tininas. 
justification, n.: — tininas; ninatunas. 
justify, V. tr.; to vindicate; to clear of 

blame; to establish as right or just: — 

disctilpa. 
juvenile, adj.; youthful: — joben. 



JV* 



keel, n.; the lowest timber of a ves- 

eel:— quiyan batco. 
keep, V, tr.; to hold back: — detiene. 
keep safely, v. tr.: — adaje. 
keep secret, v. tr.; to be silent about; 

to suppress: — ^fatquiluye; famatquilo. 
keep watch, v. %.: — ^puletn. 
keg, n.: — ^barilito. 
kept secret, adj.; silent; close: — f^- 

fatquilo. 
kerchief, n.; handkerchief: — pa&o. 
kernel, n.; seed; stone (of fruits, etc.): — 

fensd. 
kerosene, n.: — petr6Uo; pret61io. 
ketchup, «..; catsup: — satsa. 
kettle, n.; vessel for holding liquids: — 

tacuxi. 
key, n.: — ^nftyan; naiyan; yabe. 
kick, n.: — ^pinate^; pateg. 
kick, V. tr.; to kick with the feet; to 
[ injure; to hurt: — patig. 
kid, 71.; young goat; — cabxito; patgon- 

chiba. 
kill, V. tr.; to slay; to slaughter:— pun6. 



kin, n.; relatives: — ^parientes. 

kind, n.; characteristic; shape; ex- 
terior: — jechura. 

kindhearted, adj.^ adv.; benign; gm^^ 
cioua; good; — ^ma&s^t; y6as6. 

kindness, n.; grace; favor: — grasia; 
minduleg. 

king, 71.; — ^rai. 

kingdom, n,; state: — r&ino. 

kiss, V. tr.: — chico. 

kitchen, n.: — cosina. 

kite, 71.; dragon: — ^papalote; dragon. 

knave, n.; rogue: — ^picaro. 

knavery, n.; cheating; swindling: — 
chasco; mamSbababa. 

knead, v. tr.; to crumple up: — ^yacft; 
yalacd; bate. 

knead, v. t^r.; to knead the dough: — 
axnasa. 

knee, n.: — tomo. 

knee joint, n.: — bayogon tomo. 

kneel, v. i.; to bend the knees: — dimo. 

knife, 7i.;~-86s6. 

knob, 71.; door handle: — togpong. 



jackal 



T9 



knob 



J. 



jackal, n.;— n&an gliga gm ya Asia. 

jackass, n.: — bulico. 

jacket, 71.; — chaqueta; chaleco. 

jail, n.; prison: — calaboso. 

January, n.: — enero; tumaiguine, 

jar, n.; earthenware pot or vessel: — 

jara; tebot; taro. 
jaw, n.: — quiadas. 
jawbone, n.; cheekbone: — quiadas; 

t61ang-quiadaa. 
jawbone, n.; lower, nether, jaw: — 

achaxnchaxn. 
jealous, adj., adv.; envious; grudging: — 

§gd; enbidioso. 
jealousy, n,; envy: — inigd; ug6; ii^ui. 
jeer atj v. tr.; to defame; to backbite; 

to review: — ad&. 
jest, 71.; joke: — chansa; esetan, 
jester, n.; jokesmith; joker: — ieedtan; 

gl,-umesitan; chansero; numichaleg. 
jewel, n.: — alajas. 
jewelry, n.; ornament: — alajas; gat- 

besas. 
job, n.; piece of work: — chdchd, 
join, V. tr.; to unite; to connect;— 

um^cheton. 
joiner, n.; woodworker: — y mi^uleg^ na 

catpintero. 
joint or link of a machine, n.: — 

cuyuntura. 
joint, n.; cut: — xnoscas. 
joint estate, n./ communion; — 

conaum6n. 
joints, n.: — cuyunturas. 
joke, n.; jest; — chansa. 



joke, V. i.; to amuse one's self: — fisitan; 

eeitine. 
joker, n.; jokesmith; jester: — iesitan; 

gS-um^sitan . 
jokingly, adv.; jestingly; jocosely: — 

cliumacb.ansa. 
joy, n.; taste: — magof. 
joyous, adj.^ adv.; merry; gay; satisfied; 

cheerful; delighted: — dibettido; magof. 
judge, n.: — juSs. 

judgment, n.; decree; sentence; — jufsio. 
jug, n.; pitcher; crock; water jug: — 

jara, 
juice, n.; sap (of trees, fruits, etc.): — 

cliugd. 
juicy, adj.: — xuefgd. 
July, ?i.:— jtiUo. 
jump, n.: — tin^yog; tS^yog. 
jump, V. i.; leap; to jump over some 

object, as to jump over a log: — S.gulk; 

gope. 
jump, V. i.; to run away: — ^p6chau, or: 

pSchao. 
June, n.; — jtinio. 

junk, n.; old metals; rope, etc.: — basula. 
jurisdiction, n : — plsiAa; minanda. 
jury, 71.; — testigo; dinana para juisio. 
just, adj., adv : — jus to; tunas. 
justice, n.; fairness: — inaya; justisia; 

tininas. 
justification, n.: — tininas; ninatunas. 
justify, V. tr.; to vindicate; to clear of 

blame; to establish as right or just: — 

disctilpa. 
juvenile, adj.; youthful: — joben. 



JV* 



keel, n.; the lowest timber of a ves- 

eel:— quiyan batco. 
keep, V, tr.; to hold back: — detiene. 
keep safely, v. tr.: — adaje. 
keep secret, v. tr.; to be silent about; 

to suppress: — ^fatquiluye; famatquilo. 
keep watch, v. %.: — ^puletn. 
keg, n.: — ^barilito. 
kept secret, adj.; silent; close: — f^- 

fatquilo. 
kerchief, n.; handkerchief: — pa&o. 
kernel, n.; seed; stone (of fruits, etc.): — 

fensd. 
kerosene, n.: — petr6Uo; pret61io. 
ketchup, «..; catsup: — satsa. 
kettle, n.; vessel for holding liquids: — 

tacuxi. 
key, n.: — ^nftyan; naiyan; yabe. 
kick, n.: — ^pinate^; pateg. 
kick, V. tr.; to kick with the feet; to 
[ injure; to hurt: — patig. 
kid, 71.; young goat; — cabxito; patgon- 

chiba. 
kill, V. tr.; to slay; to slaughter:— pun6. 



kin, n.; relatives: — ^parientes. 

kind, n.; characteristic; shape; ex- 
terior: — jechura. 

kindhearted, adj.^ adv.; benign; gm^^ 
cioua; good; — ^ma&s^t; y6as6. 

kindness, n.; grace; favor: — grasia; 
minduleg. 

king, 71.; — ^rai. 

kingdom, n,; state: — r&ino. 

kiss, V. tr.: — chico. 

kitchen, n.: — cosina. 

kite, 71.; dragon: — ^papalote; dragon. 

knave, n.; rogue: — ^picaro. 

knavery, n.; cheating; swindling: — 
chasco; mamSbababa. 

knead, v. tr.; to crumple up: — ^yacft; 
yalacd; bate. 

knead, v. t^r.; to knead the dough: — 
axnasa. 

knee, n.: — tomo. 

knee joint, n.: — bayogon tomo. 

kneel, v. i.; to bend the knees: — dimo. 

knife, 7i.;~-86s6. 

knob, 71.; door handle: — togpong. 



jackal 



T9 



knob 



J. 



jackal, n.;— n&an gliga gm ya Asia. 

jackass, n.: — bulico. 

jacket, 71.; — chaqueta; chaleco. 

jail, n.; prison: — calaboso. 

January, n.: — enero; tumaiguine, 

jar, n.; earthenware pot or vessel: — 

jara; tebot; taro. 
jaw, n.: — quiadas. 
jawbone, n.; cheekbone: — quiadas; 

t61ang-quiadaa. 
jawbone, n.; lower, nether, jaw: — 

achaxnchaxn. 
jealous, adj., adv.; envious; grudging: — 

§gd; enbidioso. 
jealousy, n,; envy: — inigd; ug6; ii^ui. 
jeer atj v. tr.; to defame; to backbite; 

to review: — ad&. 
jest, 71.; joke: — chansa; esetan, 
jester, n.; jokesmith; joker: — ieedtan; 

gl,-umesitan; chansero; numichaleg. 
jewel, n.: — alajas. 
jewelry, n.; ornament: — alajas; gat- 

besas. 
job, n.; piece of work: — chdchd, 
join, V. tr.; to unite; to connect;— 

um^cheton. 
joiner, n.; woodworker: — y mi^uleg^ na 

catpintero. 
joint or link of a machine, n.: — 

cuyuntura. 
joint, n.; cut: — xnoscas. 
joint estate, n./ communion; — 

conaum6n. 
joints, n.: — cuyunturas. 
joke, n.; jest; — chansa. 



joke, V. i.; to amuse one's self: — fisitan; 

eeitine. 
joker, n.; jokesmith; jester: — iesitan; 

gS-um^sitan . 
jokingly, adv.; jestingly; jocosely: — 

cliumacb.ansa. 
joy, n.; taste: — magof. 
joyous, adj.^ adv.; merry; gay; satisfied; 

cheerful; delighted: — dibettido; magof. 
judge, n.: — juSs. 

judgment, n.; decree; sentence; — jufsio. 
jug, n.; pitcher; crock; water jug: — 

jara, 
juice, n.; sap (of trees, fruits, etc.): — 

cliugd. 
juicy, adj.: — xuefgd. 
July, ?i.:— jtiUo. 
jump, n.: — tin^yog; tS^yog. 
jump, V. i.; leap; to jump over some 

object, as to jump over a log: — S.gulk; 

gope. 
jump, V. i.; to run away: — ^p6chau, or: 

pSchao. 
June, n.; — jtinio. 

junk, n.; old metals; rope, etc.: — basula. 
jurisdiction, n : — plsiAa; minanda. 
jury, 71.; — testigo; dinana para juisio. 
just, adj., adv : — jus to; tunas. 
justice, n.; fairness: — inaya; justisia; 

tininas. 
justification, n.: — tininas; ninatunas. 
justify, V. tr.; to vindicate; to clear of 

blame; to establish as right or just: — 

disctilpa. 
juvenile, adj.; youthful: — joben. 



JV* 



keel, n.; the lowest timber of a ves- 

eel:— quiyan batco. 
keep, V, tr.; to hold back: — detiene. 
keep safely, v. tr.: — adaje. 
keep secret, v. tr.; to be silent about; 

to suppress: — ^fatquiluye; famatquilo. 
keep watch, v. %.: — ^puletn. 
keg, n.: — ^barilito. 
kept secret, adj.; silent; close: — f^- 

fatquilo. 
kerchief, n.; handkerchief: — pa&o. 
kernel, n.; seed; stone (of fruits, etc.): — 

fensd. 
kerosene, n.: — petr6Uo; pret61io. 
ketchup, «..; catsup: — satsa. 
kettle, n.; vessel for holding liquids: — 

tacuxi. 
key, n.: — ^nftyan; naiyan; yabe. 
kick, n.: — ^pinate^; pateg. 
kick, V. tr.; to kick with the feet; to 
[ injure; to hurt: — patig. 
kid, 71.; young goat; — cabxito; patgon- 

chiba. 
kill, V. tr.; to slay; to slaughter:— pun6. 



kin, n.; relatives: — ^parientes. 

kind, n.; characteristic; shape; ex- 
terior: — jechura. 

kindhearted, adj.^ adv.; benign; gm^^ 
cioua; good; — ^ma&s^t; y6as6. 

kindness, n.; grace; favor: — grasia; 
minduleg. 

king, 71.; — ^rai. 

kingdom, n,; state: — r&ino. 

kiss, V. tr.: — chico. 

kitchen, n.: — cosina. 

kite, 71.; dragon: — ^papalote; dragon. 

knave, n.; rogue: — ^picaro. 

knavery, n.; cheating; swindling: — 
chasco; mamSbababa. 

knead, v. tr.; to crumple up: — ^yacft; 
yalacd; bate. 

knead, v. t^r.; to knead the dough: — 
axnasa. 

knee, n.: — tomo. 

knee joint, n.: — bayogon tomo. 

kneel, v. i.; to bend the knees: — dimo. 

knife, 7i.;~-86s6. 

knob, 71.; door handle: — togpong. 



-a 



knock ^^ 



lay ] 



knock, n.; blow; stroke :-~dacod. 

knock in, v, tr.; to drive in: — nft-dochon. 
knot, n.: — tfichofij^. 
knot, V. tr.; to button: — fitido. ^ 

knot, V. tr.; to make a knot:— tdchong. 



know, V. tr.f v. L; to understand; to 

comprehend : — tun^6 . 
knowledge, n,— tinineo. 
knowingly, adv,: — Jatutu^djft. 
knudkle, n.;— ^bayogon adefi^. 



L. 



label, n.; mark:— matca. 

labor, w.; toil or exertion; physical or 

mental effort: — ch6ch6. 
labor, V. tr,^ v. i,; to toil; to work: — 

fach6cKd. 
laborioiUB, arfj., adv.; diligent:— 8:uel 

machddid; buen muchacho. 
laces, n.; embroidery: — encajesj bordao; 

botdao. 
lack, n.; want; deficiency: — ^jailas. 
lack, V, i.; to be in need; to be deficient; 

to want: — ^fatta. 
lad, n.; a boy or youth:— patgon. 
ladder, n.; stairway; staircase: — guaot. 
ladle, n,; cuchalan d&ngculo. 
lag, V. i,; to move slowly; to loiter; to stay 

behind ; — ^fiating. 
lagoon, n.; pool; body of stagnant water; 

swamp: — ^}agoi; aguanon. 
lake, n.; a large body of water surrounded 

by land: — ^laguna, 
lamb, n.; the young of sheep:— quinilo. 
lame, adj.; twisted; disfocated;— Sca- 
le^; cojo. 
lament, n.; moan; wail:— -lament© . 
lament, n.; Bong of woe: — ^lamentasi6n; 

inigufi^. 
lamp, n.: — l&m.para; candit. 
lamp shade, n; pantaya; tubon 

candit. 
lance, n.; lansa. 
lancet, n.: — lanseta. 
land, n.; world; piece of ground:— tano. 
landing bridge, n.; wharf; pier:— pan- 

tal&n. 
landlord, n.; one who has tenants holding 

UJider him; the keeper of a hotel or 

inn: — arendfit; propiet^rio. 
ianguage, n.; the speech of one race as 

distinguished from that of another: — 

ilnd; idioma. 
languid, adj.; wanting energy; weak:— 

debit; masogsog. 
lank, adj.; lean; slender:— masogsog. 
lantern, n.: — falot. 
lantern bearer, n..— f6falot; y mafiu- 

fiul^ falot. 
lap, n.; cola; y um&'tampe. 
lap, V. <r.:— Joflag; joba. . 

lapse, Ti.; slight fault or mistake:— 

linache. . ,. -, . 

lard, n.; fat of swine melted down:— 

mantica. 
large, adj., adv.; great m size; bulky: — 

d^gculo. „ 

large, adj., adv.; deep:— modungj 

tadufig. 
largess, n.; a gift; a bounty:— mnae; 

regalo; ^og. 



larynx, n.; Adam's apple :--guetinon; 

giietgiiero. 
lash, V. tr.; to apply the whip; to flog:— 

sacude. 
lass, n.; a young woman; girl:— patgon 

na paJHuan. 
lasso, n.; loop; snare; trap:— laso. 
last, adj.y acZiJ.; lowest; utmost: — ^tittimo. 
last, V. %.; to abide; to endure: — dura. 
last, r, i.; to stay:— ^naog. 
last night:— y pSingue. 
last quarter (of the moon): — cuatto 

mengua^te. 
last week; — m&pos na semana. 
lasting, adj.; durable; permanent:— 

durable; petmanente. 
lastly, adv.; in the last place :~fitUmo. 
latch, n.; a door catch: — trangcan 

potta. 
late, adj. J adv.; slow; behindhand: — 

atrasao; tatde; madin|;o. 
lately, adv.; not long ago: — ti-abmam. 
latent, adj.; concealed; invisible .—ma- 

nanft; ♦lanog. , ^ , ^, 

lath, n.; a strip of wood: — anlasgue; 

leston. 
latl).e, n.: — totno. 

lather, v. tr.; to soap; to flatter: — jabune. 
lattice work (in the roof of native 

houses), n.;— ^baraquilan. 
laud, 1). tr.; to praise highly; to extol; — 

alaba; tuna, 
laudable, adj.; commendable:— famao; 

tunayon. 
laugh, V. %.: — chaleg. 
laughter, n.: — chaleg. 
launch, n.; pleasure boat:— bapot sito. 
laundress, n.: — labandera. 
lavatory, n.; retiring room:— palang- 

gana; labaddt; labat(5rio. 
lavish, adj., adv.; prodigal; squander- 
ing :—despetdisiao. 
iavishness, n.; prodigality; ,squander- 

ing: — despetdisio. 
law, n.; jurisprudence; judicial proc- 
ess: — ^lay. 
lawsuit, n.; process of law; court pro- 
ceeding: — juisio; pldito; causa, 
lawyer, n.; one who speaks for another; 

advocate; intercessor: — abogao. 
lawful, adj.y adv.; just legal:— confotme 

y lay; tunas; leg^t. 
lawn, n.; a plot of grass kept closely 

mown; — cha'^gfuan. 
lax, adj., adv.; loose; vague; weak; — calo. 
lay; v. tr.; to put; to place:— p61o; planta. 
lay down, v. tr.; to approach; to bring 

nearer: — ^n&-arima. 
lay eggs, v. tr.: — ^fafiadll. 



-a 



knock ^^ 



lay ] 



knock, n.; blow; stroke :-~dacod. 

knock in, v, tr.; to drive in: — nft-dochon. 
knot, n.: — tfichofij^. 
knot, V. tr.; to button: — fitido. ^ 

knot, V. tr.; to make a knot:— tdchong. 



know, V. tr.f v. L; to understand; to 

comprehend : — tun^6 . 
knowledge, n,— tinineo. 
knowingly, adv,: — Jatutu^djft. 
knudkle, n.;— ^bayogon adefi^. 



L. 



label, n.; mark:— matca. 

labor, w.; toil or exertion; physical or 

mental effort: — ch6ch6. 
labor, V. tr,^ v. i,; to toil; to work: — 

fach6cKd. 
laborioiUB, arfj., adv.; diligent:— 8:uel 

machddid; buen muchacho. 
laces, n.; embroidery: — encajesj bordao; 

botdao. 
lack, n.; want; deficiency: — ^jailas. 
lack, V, i.; to be in need; to be deficient; 

to want: — ^fatta. 
lad, n.; a boy or youth:— patgon. 
ladder, n.; stairway; staircase: — guaot. 
ladle, n,; cuchalan d&ngculo. 
lag, V. i,; to move slowly; to loiter; to stay 

behind ; — ^fiating. 
lagoon, n.; pool; body of stagnant water; 

swamp: — ^}agoi; aguanon. 
lake, n.; a large body of water surrounded 

by land: — ^laguna, 
lamb, n.; the young of sheep:— quinilo. 
lame, adj.; twisted; disfocated;— Sca- 
le^; cojo. 
lament, n.; moan; wail:— -lament© . 
lament, n.; Bong of woe: — ^lamentasi6n; 

inigufi^. 
lamp, n.: — l&m.para; candit. 
lamp shade, n; pantaya; tubon 

candit. 
lance, n.; lansa. 
lancet, n.: — lanseta. 
land, n.; world; piece of ground:— tano. 
landing bridge, n.; wharf; pier:— pan- 

tal&n. 
landlord, n.; one who has tenants holding 

UJider him; the keeper of a hotel or 

inn: — arendfit; propiet^rio. 
ianguage, n.; the speech of one race as 

distinguished from that of another: — 

ilnd; idioma. 
languid, adj.; wanting energy; weak:— 

debit; masogsog. 
lank, adj.; lean; slender:— masogsog. 
lantern, n.: — falot. 
lantern bearer, n..— f6falot; y mafiu- 

fiul^ falot. 
lap, n.; cola; y um&'tampe. 
lap, V. <r.:— Joflag; joba. . 

lapse, Ti.; slight fault or mistake:— 

linache. . ,. -, . 

lard, n.; fat of swine melted down:— 

mantica. 
large, adj., adv.; great m size; bulky: — 

d^gculo. „ 

large, adj., adv.; deep:— modungj 

tadufig. 
largess, n.; a gift; a bounty:— mnae; 

regalo; ^og. 



larynx, n.; Adam's apple :--guetinon; 

giietgiiero. 
lash, V. tr.; to apply the whip; to flog:— 

sacude. 
lass, n.; a young woman; girl:— patgon 

na paJHuan. 
lasso, n.; loop; snare; trap:— laso. 
last, adj.y acZiJ.; lowest; utmost: — ^tittimo. 
last, V. %.; to abide; to endure: — dura. 
last, r, i.; to stay:— ^naog. 
last night:— y pSingue. 
last quarter (of the moon): — cuatto 

mengua^te. 
last week; — m&pos na semana. 
lasting, adj.; durable; permanent:— 

durable; petmanente. 
lastly, adv.; in the last place :~fitUmo. 
latch, n.; a door catch: — trangcan 

potta. 
late, adj. J adv.; slow; behindhand: — 

atrasao; tatde; madin|;o. 
lately, adv.; not long ago: — ti-abmam. 
latent, adj.; concealed; invisible .—ma- 

nanft; ♦lanog. , ^ , ^, 

lath, n.; a strip of wood: — anlasgue; 

leston. 
latl).e, n.: — totno. 

lather, v. tr.; to soap; to flatter: — jabune. 
lattice work (in the roof of native 

houses), n.;— ^baraquilan. 
laud, 1). tr.; to praise highly; to extol; — 

alaba; tuna, 
laudable, adj.; commendable:— famao; 

tunayon. 
laugh, V. %.: — chaleg. 
laughter, n.: — chaleg. 
launch, n.; pleasure boat:— bapot sito. 
laundress, n.: — labandera. 
lavatory, n.; retiring room:— palang- 

gana; labaddt; labat(5rio. 
lavish, adj., adv.; prodigal; squander- 
ing :—despetdisiao. 
iavishness, n.; prodigality; ,squander- 

ing: — despetdisio. 
law, n.; jurisprudence; judicial proc- 
ess: — ^lay. 
lawsuit, n.; process of law; court pro- 
ceeding: — juisio; pldito; causa, 
lawyer, n.; one who speaks for another; 

advocate; intercessor: — abogao. 
lawful, adj.y adv.; just legal:— confotme 

y lay; tunas; leg^t. 
lawn, n.; a plot of grass kept closely 

mown; — cha'^gfuan. 
lax, adj., adv.; loose; vague; weak; — calo. 
lay; v. tr.; to put; to place:— p61o; planta. 
lay down, v. tr.; to approach; to bring 

nearer: — ^n&-arima. 
lay eggs, v. tr.: — ^fafiadll. 



lay 



81 



lie 



lay in, v. tr.; to bring in; to put in:— 

nll-jaluixx. 
lay on, r. it.; to apply; to impose:— 

impon©; obliga, _ 

lay on the side, v, i.:— #guing. 
lay out, V. tr,; to expose; to interpret: — 

intetpreta. 
lay snares, v. tr.: — admaye laso; 

admaye laso sija. 
layer, n.; Btratum; row: — capa. 
laziness, n.; indolence; idlenesB: — 

gfuinagd. 
lazy, ad)., adv.; indolent:— gag6; de- 

saplicao. 
lazy body, n.; loafer; idler:— bago; 

bagamundo. 
lead, n.: — plomo. 
lead, V. tr.; to guide; to precede:— guia; 

f^nue; pipet. 
lead astray, v. tr.: — n&-lache. 
lead, V, tr.; to guide; to instruct; to 
teach:— chachalane; dirij6; fanSLgue. 
leaden, adj.; made of lead: — ^plomiso; 

puro plomo. 
leader, n.; one who leads: — guia. 
leaf, n.: — ojas; jagon. 
leak, n.; a hole which lets in water: — 

sumd. 
leak through, v. ir.:— sumS. 
lean, adj.; tmn: — masogsog. 
lean, v. tf-i v. .i.; to cause to lean; to 

incline: — as6; ap6. 
leap, V. if., V. i.;to paaa over by jumping; 

to jump; to vault: — gope. 
learn, v. tr.; to study; to imitate:— eyag. 
learned, adj., ado;.:— malatfi; tomtom, 
learning, n.; ^ skill in literature, lan- 
guages, or science: — malatd. 
lease, v, tr., v. %.; a written contract for 
the letting of real estate for a certain 
period; to take a lease of; to let by 
contract: — empefia; ari^nda. 
leasehold, n.; property held by lease:— 

inquHinato; ariendo. 
least, adj.; smallest in degree, size, 
value, or importance:— minimo; mas 
dlquiqui. 
leather, n.; hide:— cuero. 
leather strap (holding the sandals), n.; 

belt: — cotdon; coreas (doga). 
leave, v. i,; to depart; to go; to move; 
to walk:— f oca t; lamocat; janau, or: 

janao. ^ , ^ 

leave behind, v. tr.; to forsake; to 

desert; to abandon; to leave; to quit;— 

desampara; dvfigo. 
lecture, n.; formal discourse on any 

subject:— lee tur a. 
ledge, n.; mai^in; hem; border:- onya; 

canto, ' 

ledger, n.; the principal account book 

of a mercantile house:— leblon cuenta. 
leeward, n.; in the direction toward 

which the wind blows:- pachot 

xna^l6. ^ 

left (direction to the left):~acagUe. 



left, adj.; abandoned; poor:— difl|o; 

dejao. 
left-handed, a<f?.;— acagiie feifayifia. 
leg, n.; one of the limbs by which men 

and animals walk: — adifi^ (foot, n..— 

pataa). 
legacy, n.; a gift by will of money or 

property ; bequest : — her6nsia. 
legal, adj., adv.; pertaining to law; 

permitted or authorized by law; 

legitimate: — ^leg&t. 
legally, adv.; lawfully: — ^legatmente. 
legend, n.; a romantic story: — jemplo. 
legible, adj., adv.; capable of being 

read; clear; distinct; apparent; — claro; 

tditayon. 
legitimate, adj., adv.; conjugal; law- 
ful:— legiiltinio; lejltimo, 
leisure, n.; ease; freedom from occupa- 
tion: — dinescansa; osioso, 
leisurely, adj., adv.; done at leisure: — 

pausado; despdsio. 
lemon, n.: — ^leraon. 
lemonade, n.: — lemonada, 
lend, V. tr.; to grant to another for tempo- 

rarv use: — ^presta; dyao. 
length, 71.; the measure from end to 

end: — ^inanac6. 
lengthen, v. it.; to add to: — nH-laana- 

cd; t^luye. 
lengthy, adj.; long and tiresome;— 

lens, n.; a glass for changing the direc- 
tion of rays of light:— lente. 
Lent, n.; time of fasting; fast:— ayunat; 

cuaresma. 
leprosy, n.; leper;— ategto^; lasanno. 
leprosy, n.: — chetnot lasarino. 
less, adv.; in a smaller degree:— menoa. 
lest, conj.; that not; for fear that:— 

sll; no sea. 
let, V. tr., V. i.; to permit ;--p61o. 
let come to pass, v, %.: — ^nMalofan. 
letter, n.; note; card: — catta. 
letter of the alphabet, n.;— letran 

atfabeto. 
level, adj., adv.; plain:— yano. 
level, v. tr.; to even; — ^n^-yano. 
lever, n.; crowbar; — espeque. 
liability, n.; the state of being liable:— 

dibe; responsabilidd. 
hable, ad).; exposed to damage:— 

si&aj^. , 

liar, n.; one addicted to lying: — dacun. 
liberal, adj., adv.; big-hearted: — 

gruiftau, or: gu6ftao. 
liberality, n.; charitableness: — guin- 

Sf tau. 
Uberate, v. tr.; to free: — saca; rescata, 
liberty, n.; freedom:— ^libettad. 
license, n.; permission; acquiescence:— 

lis6nsia. 
lick, v. fr..— joflag. 
lid, n.; a movable cover: — tampe. 
lie, n.; deceit; denial;— mandague; 
dague; padagdag; dinague. 



lie 



82 



loios 



lie, V. i.; to rest in a recumbent posi- 
tion: — asiin; ap6. 
lie, V. %.; to speak falsely; to deceive: — 

dague; fandague. ^ 

lie in ambush, i;. i.; to lurk: — ^fiejong. 
lien, «.; a legal claim upon property; 

security for payment: — ^infotmasidn 

poses6ria. 
life, 71.; animate existence: — Ilci^&; 

ja^ne; bida. 
lift, -0. tr.; to raiae; to elevate: — n&- 

cajuld; jatsa. 
lift up, oj. tr.; to heave up; to take up; 

to raise: — jataa julfi; cajat. 
lift up, V. tr.; to pick up (from the 

floor): — Jatsa; cajat. 
liglit, n.; the agent by which objects are 

rendered visible by its action on the 

retina: — inina. 
light, n; dawn: — manana; 6g^an. 
light, V. tr.: — totn|;'ue. 
light up, V. tr.; to illuminate: — ^ina. 
light, V. tr.; to light the fire: — edo; 

fa-edo; tot^ue, 
light (in weight), adfj'. .-—fiajlalajig. 
lighter, n.; a Targe open barge for load- 
ing and unloading vessels: — casco; 

champan (from: sampan) ;^ laida (/rom: 

lighter), 
lightning, n.: — talangan julo; lamlam. 
Uke, adj.; similar; resembhng: — parejo. 
liked, adj., adv.; beloved; favorite: — 

maguef-atan; magudiya. 
likely, adj.^ adv.; verisimilar; probable: — 

siiiaja; jonn|uiyon. 
liken, v. tr.; to compare: — conapEU'a. 
likewise not, conj.: — tampoco. 
lily, n.; — ^Urio. 
limb, n.; part of the body; branch of a 

tree: — pedason t&taotao; patte gui 

tataotao; ramas. 
lime, n.: — afog. 
linae kiln, n.; — jotnon afog. 
limit, n.; utmost extent; a border or 

boundary; — oriya; If mite. 
linab, n.; leg: — ading. 
limp, V. i.;— -qu6''yau. 
limping, adj., adv.: — cumequSyau. 
line, n.; length without breadth; — Ifnea; 

ray a. 
line, n.; item of a bill: — rengldn. 
line, n.; rop>e: — cotd6n; cuetdaa. 
lineal, adj.; composed of lines; in direct 

line from an ancestor; — line&t. 
linen, n,; a cloth made of flax: — lino, 
lingering, adj., adv.; slow: — 6'cajat; 

deBpdsio. 
liniment, n.; a medicated liquid for rub- 
bing into the skin: — amot p&lai; lini- 

miento. 
lining of a garment, n.: — afulo. 
link, 71.; a single ring or division of a 

chain: — aniyo; anillo. 
lion, n.: — ^leon. 
lips, n.; — l&bios. 
liquid, adj.; not solid; readily flowing:— 

nuinift-januxn, or: mamft-janom. 



liquor, n.: — lic6t. 

lisle, n.; a fine thread or lace: — leaton 

d&lalai. 
list, n.: — Elista, 
listen, V. i.: — ficungog. 
listen to, v. i.; to obey: — osgue. 
listener, n.; hearer: — y umfi^'cungog. 
listless, adj.; indifferent; languid:— in- 

diferente; parejoja yan taya. 
litany, n.; a solemn responsive form of 

supplication: — ^letania. 
literal, ac?j,, adv.; following the exact 

words; exact: — ^literat; exacto, 
literary, adj.; pertaining to literature: — 

liter&rio. 
litigate, v, tr., v. %.; to contest in a court 

of law: — ^pl4ito. 
litigation, n.; judicial contest: — ^plaito, 
litter, n.; straw, etc., used for bedding for 

horses, etc.: — ^fanasun cabayo. 
little, adj., adv.; minute; small: — 

diquiqul. 
Kttle, adv.; not much: — dididi. 
little beU, n.: — campaniya. 
little finger, n.: — cdlan^qu6, 
liturgy, n.; the prescribed ritual for 

public worship: — aerem6nias gumS, 

Vtius. 
live, V. %.; to exist; to have life: — laifi-. 
livelihood, n.; sustenance; subsistence: — 

abio; mantension. 
lively, adj.; active; brisk; animated: — 

141S>; animao. 
liver, n.: — jlgado. 
livid, adj.; black and blue; ashy pale:— 

diziigrrido. 
living, adj.; alive; merry: — ^l&lalll; brabo. 
lizard (large Variety), n.; — -jilltai. 
lizard (small house lizard), n.; — gualfig. 
loaded, p. p.: — catgado. 
loaf, n.; a large cake of bread: — pan. 
loaf around, v. %.; to tramp around: — 

gumagd; bumuetta. 
loafer, n.; idler: — bagamundo; g§,- 

lumauyau; gag6. 
loam, n.; rich vegetable mold, with clay 

and sand: — puja. 
loan, V. tr.; to loan a sum of money for a 

period : — 4yau; presta. 
loath, V. tr.; to regard with abhorrence or 

disgust; to detest: — chatlli. 
loathing, n.; disgust; nausea: — chin- 

4tm. 

lobster, n.: — majon^ang. 

lobster trap, n,; — nasa. 

local, adj., adv.; pertaining to a place: — 

loc&t. 
locate, V. tr.; to place; to establish:— 

f&m4uleg; colocar; fisagaye. 
lock, n.; door lock: — candalo. 
locomotive, n.; steam engine for drawii^ 

railroad cars: — m&quinan y tren. 
lofty, arfj.;,very high; proud: — tagajld; 

t4gquil6 ; loc§.' 
log, n.; an undressed piece of timber: — 

troson iayo. 
loins, n.; hips; haunches: — &tayd; lomo. 



loiter 



83 



main 



loiter, V. %.; to linger; to tarry; to be 

slow; to be tardy; to hang back; to 

hesitate : — ^um-abmam. 
loitering, adj., adv,; remiss; negligent; 

slack; slovenly; tarrying :^-desciiidao; 

ti-y6daji. 
lone, adj.; solitary; retired: — gulgiii- 

lonely, adj.; deserted; solitary: — aban- 

donao; aagayan na mayutt. 
lonesome, adj.; lonely; solitary; se- 
cluded; off-lying; remote: — aislado; 

tdigllchong; guiguiyiiaja. 
long, adj.; extended in time or length; 

not short : — anacd . 
look, V. tr., V. i.; to glance; to perceive; 

to see: — &tan. 
look, V. ir.; to look surreptitiously: — 

dtan-segiiet. 
look I see there!— dl I diti! diaj^! ^naguil 

dtan-]£i.! 
looking-glass, n.; mirror: — espejos. 
look, V. ir.; to look hard at some one or 

something : — atalag, 
looks, n.; appearance: — mata; aparen- 

sia; jechura. 
loop, n.; snare; trap; lasso: — laso. 
loosen, V. tr.; to free from tightness, 

restraint, or tension: — ^n^-l&calo; sotta. 
loot, V. tr.; to pillage or plunder: — 

mafiaque. 
lord, n.; master; owner; — S-saina; dueiio; 

sen6t. 
lose, V. i,; to be harmed: — petjuisia. 
lose, V. tr.; to go astray; to be lost; to go 

to the bad; to disappear: — falingo. 
lose, V. i.; to lose one^s way: — abag. 
lot, n.; fate; fortune: — catga; suette. 
lottery, n.; distribution of prizes by 

chance: — rifa; loteria. 
loud, adj.^ adv.; noisy: — &ga£g; buru- 

quento. 
lounge, V. %.; to saunter about in a lazy 

manner: — ga-go; umosioso. 
ouse, n.: — ^uto; gaga gapotulo. 
ovabie, adj.; worthy of love: — guaiyfi,- 

yun. 
love, n.; — amot; caridad; guindiya. 
love, V. tr., V. %.; to be loved i-^goflle; 
. guaiya. 



love, n.; loveliness; amlableness: — 
giun&iya; guaiydyon; amiable. 

loveliness, n.; kindness; amiabiUty; 
benevolence: — caiilLo; quinarifioso. 

lovely, adj., adv.; amiable: — gofliljron. 

loverj n.; gallant; spendthrift: — ^guaiya; 
hobio; dnobio. 

lo^w, adj., adv.; humble: — ^t&gpap&z 
6bab&. 

lower, V. tr.; to let down: — 3,calayd; 
nS,-tunog. 

lower lip, n.: — &niaxnang. 

lower the price, v. ir.; to allow a re- 
bate: — rebaja. 

low ground, n.; low country; dejile: — 
joya; fin§.gudgsal6. 

loyal, adj., adv.; faithful in allegiance:— 
tif&mbaba; fi^t. 

lucid, adj., adv.; clear; readily under- 
stood : — claro. 

luck, n.; casual event or accident: — 
dicha; suette. 

lucky; adj., adv.; blessed; successful; 
fortunate: — dichoso; felis; fottuna, 

lucrative, adj., adv.; profitable: — probe- 
choso. 

ludicrous, adj., adv.; amusing: — nli,- 
chaleg. 

luggage, n.; effects of a traveler; bag- 
gage: — ^maleta; trastea biaje. 

luU, v. tr.; to soothe to sleep; — ^na-qu6- 
maigd. 

lumber, n.; timber: — tabla; jayo. 

lunacy, n.; mental unsoundness; — ^loco; 
caduco. 

lunatic, n.; one who is insane: — 
atmariao. 

lunch, n,; light meal between break- 
fast and the evening dinner: — nH- 
taluane. 

lung, n.: — gofis. 

lure, V. tr.; to allure; to bait: — epog; 
catnada. 

luster, n.; radiance; brightness: — ^linam- 
lam. 

lusty, adj.; robust; vigorous; healthy: — 
robusto; 1S,1^, 

luxurious adj.; pertaining to luxury; — 
lujurioso; minfiguS. 

lye, n.; alkaline solution: — ^lejia. 

lying, adj,, adv.; false: — dacon; fateo. 



M. 



macaroni, n.: — macar6n. 

machine {aho lock of a gun), n.: — 
maquina. 

maclihiery, n.: — maquinaria. 

machinist, n.: — maquinista. 

mad, adj., adv,; enraged; mentally dis- 
ordered: — lalald; bubo. 

madden, v. tr.; to make mad or furious; — 
nMalald. 

magistrate, n.; governor: — ^mag^aje; 
mSgas; t^tag6; julon. 



magnet, n.; a magnetized steel bar: — 

n&laolao; imdn. 
magnificent, adj.; splendid; pompous: — 

dangculo; miuleg; gu^ftao; fdiata, 
maid, n.; maiden: — douseya; sottera. 
mail, n.;— <iorespond$nsia. 
mail steamer, n.: — coreo. 
maim, v. tr.; to cripple: — estropea; 

ulot; nlt-maf^co; n|L-cn§tan. 
main, adj.; chief; principal; leading: — 

ulo; m§gas; impottante. 



loiter 



83 



main 



loiter, V. %.; to linger; to tarry; to be 

slow; to be tardy; to hang back; to 

hesitate : — ^um-abmam. 
loitering, adj., adv,; remiss; negligent; 

slack; slovenly; tarrying :^-desciiidao; 

ti-y6daji. 
lone, adj.; solitary; retired: — gulgiii- 

lonely, adj.; deserted; solitary: — aban- 

donao; aagayan na mayutt. 
lonesome, adj.; lonely; solitary; se- 
cluded; off-lying; remote: — aislado; 

tdigllchong; guiguiyiiaja. 
long, adj.; extended in time or length; 

not short : — anacd . 
look, V. tr., V. i.; to glance; to perceive; 

to see: — &tan. 
look, V. ir.; to look surreptitiously: — 

dtan-segiiet. 
look I see there!— dl I diti! diaj^! ^naguil 

dtan-]£i.! 
looking-glass, n.; mirror: — espejos. 
look, V. ir.; to look hard at some one or 

something : — atalag, 
looks, n.; appearance: — mata; aparen- 

sia; jechura. 
loop, n.; snare; trap; lasso: — laso. 
loosen, V. tr.; to free from tightness, 

restraint, or tension: — ^n^-l&calo; sotta. 
loot, V. tr.; to pillage or plunder: — 

mafiaque. 
lord, n.; master; owner; — S-saina; dueiio; 

sen6t. 
lose, V. i,; to be harmed: — petjuisia. 
lose, V. tr.; to go astray; to be lost; to go 

to the bad; to disappear: — falingo. 
lose, V. i.; to lose one^s way: — abag. 
lot, n.; fate; fortune: — catga; suette. 
lottery, n.; distribution of prizes by 

chance: — rifa; loteria. 
loud, adj.^ adv.; noisy: — &ga£g; buru- 

quento. 
lounge, V. %.; to saunter about in a lazy 

manner: — ga-go; umosioso. 
ouse, n.: — ^uto; gaga gapotulo. 
ovabie, adj.; worthy of love: — guaiyfi,- 

yun. 
love, n.; — amot; caridad; guindiya. 
love, V. tr., V. %.; to be loved i-^goflle; 
. guaiya. 



love, n.; loveliness; amlableness: — 
giun&iya; guaiydyon; amiable. 

loveliness, n.; kindness; amiabiUty; 
benevolence: — caiilLo; quinarifioso. 

lovely, adj., adv.; amiable: — gofliljron. 

loverj n.; gallant; spendthrift: — ^guaiya; 
hobio; dnobio. 

lo^w, adj., adv.; humble: — ^t&gpap&z 
6bab&. 

lower, V. tr.; to let down: — 3,calayd; 
nS,-tunog. 

lower lip, n.: — &niaxnang. 

lower the price, v. ir.; to allow a re- 
bate: — rebaja. 

low ground, n.; low country; dejile: — 
joya; fin§.gudgsal6. 

loyal, adj., adv.; faithful in allegiance:— 
tif&mbaba; fi^t. 

lucid, adj., adv.; clear; readily under- 
stood : — claro. 

luck, n.; casual event or accident: — 
dicha; suette. 

lucky; adj., adv.; blessed; successful; 
fortunate: — dichoso; felis; fottuna, 

lucrative, adj., adv.; profitable: — probe- 
choso. 

ludicrous, adj., adv.; amusing: — nli,- 
chaleg. 

luggage, n.; effects of a traveler; bag- 
gage: — ^maleta; trastea biaje. 

luU, v. tr.; to soothe to sleep; — ^na-qu6- 
maigd. 

lumber, n.; timber: — tabla; jayo. 

lunacy, n.; mental unsoundness; — ^loco; 
caduco. 

lunatic, n.; one who is insane: — 
atmariao. 

lunch, n,; light meal between break- 
fast and the evening dinner: — nH- 
taluane. 

lung, n.: — gofis. 

lure, V. tr.; to allure; to bait: — epog; 
catnada. 

luster, n.; radiance; brightness: — ^linam- 
lam. 

lusty, adj.; robust; vigorous; healthy: — 
robusto; 1S,1^, 

luxurious adj.; pertaining to luxury; — 
lujurioso; minfiguS. 

lye, n.; alkaline solution: — ^lejia. 

lying, adj,, adv.; false: — dacon; fateo. 



M. 



macaroni, n.: — macar6n. 

machine {aho lock of a gun), n.: — 
maquina. 

maclihiery, n.: — maquinaria. 

machinist, n.: — maquinista. 

mad, adj., adv,; enraged; mentally dis- 
ordered: — lalald; bubo. 

madden, v. tr.; to make mad or furious; — 
nMalald. 

magistrate, n.; governor: — ^mag^aje; 
mSgas; t^tag6; julon. 



magnet, n.; a magnetized steel bar: — 

n&laolao; imdn. 
magnificent, adj.; splendid; pompous: — 

dangculo; miuleg; gu^ftao; fdiata, 
maid, n.; maiden: — douseya; sottera. 
mail, n.;— <iorespond$nsia. 
mail steamer, n.: — coreo. 
maim, v. tr.; to cripple: — estropea; 

ulot; nlt-maf^co; n|L-cn§tan. 
main, adj.; chief; principal; leading: — 

ulo; m§gas; impottante. 



naize 



84 



massage 



maize, n.; corn: — ^m&ies. 

make, v. tr.; to create; to fashion; to 
fabricate:— fatinas; n^-juyong; ch6gue. 

make^ v. tr.; to work; to plant: — ch6''gtle; 
fatinas. 

make clear, v. tr.; to expound; to ex- 
plain: — esplica; pul^; n4-manana; n^- 
gaagas. 

make duU, v. tr.: — na-foda; n&-nano. 

make fast, v. tr.; to strengthen; to in- 
sure: — ^n^-fitme; n^-meton. 

make good one's assertion, y. tr.; 
to give one credit; to bail; to insure; 
to improve: — ^na.-iiiagajet y si- 
nafigr^n; nS^magajet; prueba y fimj6. 

make good, v. tr.; to discover; to ob- 
serve :~-na-mS,uleg; n4-anoc; n^- 

anog. _ , . * 

m.ake a holiday, v. %.; to celebrate: — 

gopte. 
make into parts, v, ir.\ to share; to 

participate; to divide: — f&cai. \ 

make mellow, v. tr.; to beat; to make | 

tender;— acha; n&.-mdnana. j 

make raore beautiful, -w. ^ir.; to put i 

on rouge; to adorn; — niL-lS-gatbo, i 
make an offering (to God), v. tr.; to ' 

sacrifice:— entrega; man ofrese as 

Yiiua. 
make peace (with God), v. (r..— aplaca; 

ni-paa; pumds. 
make peaceful, v. tr.; to give pleasure 

to:— nH^magof; apasigua; ni-majgong; 

chuga. 
make ready, v. tr.; to make ready food 

in the best possible way; to prepare; 

to put into \anegar (in the evening): — 

adobao; n&^masa; nSrlisto; cstufao. 
make reparation, v. tr.; to give satisfac- 
tion; to expiate: — fa-mfi-uleg. 
make room, v. tr.: — ^f^-chalan; chagua. 
make room, v. tr.; to move in order to 

make room: — ^niL-capap. 
make smaller, v. tr.; to make into 

smaller change (a sum of money); to 

shorten; to damage; to cheat: — fongnS,. 
make smaller, v. tr.; to reduce; to 

diminish: — na-lS,diqudqui.^ 
make sour, v. ,ir.: — na-maagsom. 
make tender, v. tr.; to make mellow; 

to beat: — acha. i. 
make up one's mind to, v. i.: — jasuyi. 
malaria, n.; exhalations from marshy 

land, producing fcvors; fever: — ca- 

lentura guinen y fLojmon na tan6. 
malefactor, n.; criminal: — nk^nh- 

t&ilaye; crimindt. 
malice, n.; deliberate mischief:— 

malisia; tin^imauleg; jinaaiigune; m4i- 
raaulcg. 
mallet, n.; a wooden hammer: — maseta. 
maltreat, v. tr.; to oppress: — na-lamen; 

gugofig; joiid; mattrata. 
maltreatment, n.; oj^pression:— 
minattrata; ninat^claye; ninatailaye; 
guinigong; jinend. 



man, n.; male: — t4otao; laje. 
manage, v. tr.; to govern: — gobietna; 

goje. 
manage, v. tr.; to regulate; to lead; to 

direct; to guide :-»-chachalane; f^- 

n^.^'giie; g6je. 
naanagement, n.; disposition; ar- 
rangement:— guin§t§; g u i n d j ^; 

deaposisidn. ^ 

mane, n.: — pulon tengjon cabayo. 
mangrove, n.: — ^mangle, 
manila hemp, n,;— S-baca. 
m.anipulat©, v. tr.; to operate or work 

by means of the hands: — chogiie nl'' y 

canae. 
manly, adj., adv.; courageous; resolute: — 

mamMaje; matatriga; timamt^nao. 
manner, n.; method; mode of action; 

habit: — jaftaimano; costumbre. 
man-of-war, n.; warship: — batcon 

guera. 
mantilla, n.: — mantilla; mantiya; sa- 

banasdiquiqut; panales. 
manufacture, v. tr.; to fabricate from 

raw materials :~-fabricdr; fS^tinas. 
manufacture, v. tr.; to fabricate from 

raw materials: — manufactura; checho 

canae; fatinas yan mata na materiat. 
manure, n.; fertilizing substance:— 

abono; taquj^. 
m.any, adj.; numerous: — iajyan; megai. 
; many thanks ! — si YHus maasil 
; m.ap, n.: — ^mapa. 

: march, n.; regular, measured walk, 
i especially of soldiers: — ^matcha. 
; march, v. %.: — mumatcha. 
■ March, n.: — ^matso; marso. 
mare, n.: — y6gua. 

71.; sailor: — tum^tase; mari- 



-matca. 

trade-mark: — ^matca; 8enat; 



manner, 

nero. 
mark, n.: 
mark, n. 

naan. 
mark down, r. tr.; to note down; to 

record ; to aim: — apunta. 
marriage, n.; wedlock; wedding: — - 

inacamd; umacatno; casamiento. 
m.arriage feast, n.: — fandafiggo. 
married, p. p.: — casao; umasagua; 

gaiagagua. 
marry, v.tr.,v. %.; to v/ed; to take to wife 

or husband: — 5-sagua; umasagua. 
m.arsli, n.; a swampy tract of land:— 

sesonyan. 
m.artyr, n.: — mS,ttir. 
marvelous, adj., adv.; exciting wonder; 
I incredible; — na'manman. 
I mLaaculine, adj.; pertaining to a man: — 

masculino; laje. 
I mask, 71.; clown: — buf6n; miscara, 
j mason, n.: — atbanit. 
I mass, n.; a large quantity;— mdgguag; 

monton, 
I massage, v. tr.; to apply massage; to 
' press; to rub; to knead: — ^lasa. 



mast 



85 



mast (of a ship), n.;--paloii batcou 

master, n.; lord; father: — ^ra&g^as; siina; 

tata; amo. 
master, n.; teacher: — maestro, 
mat, n.: — guafag. 

match, n.; a lucifer: — ^mach.es; {6tforo3. 
matchless, adj.; peerleBs; incompara- 
ble: — ti acomparayon; tdi chilon^. 
matchmaker, n.: — atcagtiete. 
material, n.; dress: — m.agago. 
m.atter, n.; thing; cause: — ■iM.atgria; 

jafa; cosa; cue8ti6n. 
matter, n.; being; substance: — giiiniya. 
matter, n.; pus: — chug6. 
mattress, n.: — cotchon. 
mature, adj., adv.; ripe; full-grown: — 

masa. 
maturity, n,; ripeness: — minasa. 
May, n.: — mayo; magmamao. 
mayor, n.: — un t^tagd. 
m.eadow, n.; pasture land; land yielding 

hay; — famastuyan; paste; fin^joya. 
meal, n.; eating: — comida, 
m.eal beetle, n.: — gotgojo. 
mean, adj.; vulgar: — tailaye. 
mean spirited, adj., adv.; base; abject; 

vile :— despresiao. 
means and ways, n.; mode: — modo; 

jechura. 
meanwhile, adv.: — entretanto. 
measure, n.; — medida. 
measure, n.; rule; disposition; direction; 

condition: — dispoRisidn; regla. 
measuxe, v: tr.: — ^mide. 
meat, n.: — catne: senaen. 
medal, n.; medallion: — milaya. 
mediate, v. %.; to act as mediator: — 

um6ntal6; entalue. 
mediator, n.; advocate: — guigogiie; 

didefiende. 
medicine, n.; drug: — am.ot. 
mediocre, adj.: — ^mediano. 
meek, arf;., adv.; gentlej submissive; 

humble; yielding: — humitde; osgon. 
meet, i;. tr.; to find; to hit upon; — 

danche; asodS,. 
meet, v. tr.; to find; to recover: — jentan; 

gacha; sodsl. 
meet some one, v. i.; to fall in with: — 

SrSodS-naijon. 
mellow, adj.; fully ripe; not hard: — 

mailafia,; masa. 
melody, n.: — nielodia. 
melon, n.; pumpkin; squash; — ^melon; 

calamasa. 
melt, V. i;— fsL-janum. 
melt,!', tr.; to fuse; to dissolve: — dirite; 

ni-lagd. 
member, n.; limb: — miembro; pedason 

tataotao. 
member of the brotherhood, n.. — 

cofradia. 
m.emory, n.; reason; thought: — jinaso. 
menace, v. tr., v. i.; to threaten: — 

f&iiagile. 
mend, v. tr.; to repair: — ^lemenda. 
mental, adj.; pertaining to the mind; 

intellectual :— jinalora. 



mention, n.; hint:— nin&jaso. 

xnerdhandise, n.; goods; wares, bought 

and sold: — ^mercansia; metcansia (co- 

sas ni man m^nfajan yan man mdn- 

bende). 
merchant, n.;— negosiante; comet- 

siante. 
merciful, adj.; charitable :-rmigTasia; 

y6as^ . 
mercy, n.; compassion; charity: — ^mi- 

na&sd; yin^asd. 
mere, adj., adv.; only; — sensiyo; pure; 

tdigachofi;. 
merely, adj., adv.; simply; only: — jfi,, 
merge, v. tr.; to absorb or swallow up: — 

chinepchop; pinanot; fiogiiog; lumos. 
merit, n.; excellence; worth: — m^rito; 

minerese. 
merit, v. tr.; to deserve:— merese. 
meritorious, adj.; deserving: — ^mfme- 

rese. 
merriment, n.; mirth; fun; frolic; 

gaiety : — ^minagof ; tinatnon. 
merry, adj.^ adv.; gay; satisfied; cheer- 
ful; deligrited; joyous: — dihettido; na'- 

magof; entretenido. 
merry fellow, n.; jester; wag;— numft- 

chalig; chansero. 
message, n.: — mensaje; inencatga. 
messenger, n.: — chil§ papet; men- 

sajero; tentagd. 
metal, n.: — metat. 
meteor, n.: — guinipon pution; todo y 

malilit gui aire. 
■ method, n.; system; order: — jechura; 

inaregla. 
middle, n.: — tal6; aibo. 
middle finger, n.: — calulot tai6. 
midnight, ti.; — tStalo puengue. 
naidwife, n.: — ^pattera. 
might, n.; power; force; authority: — 

minetgot; miniraaich^ch6 ; finejman; 

autoridM; fuetsa; slsiiia; nin^sifia, 
mighty, adj., adv.: — nS-wfla. 
mighty, adj., adv.; brave; powerful: — 

famoso; matatn^a. 
mild, adj., adv.; gentle in temper and 

disposition; meek; suave: — suahe; 

maiiaiia; manso. 
mildness-, n.; charity: — ^mina&afld,, 
mile, n.: — miya; milla. 
military, n.; soldiery: — militat. 
military equipment, n.: — atmadura; 

muniaion. 
milk, n.: — chugd susu; leche. 
milk, V. tr.; to milk a cow: — ^fogse. 
milk, n.; curdled: — ^lechen-ma-cuaja. 
milk of the coconut, n.: — chugd 

rdyog. 
Milky Way, n.: — car era de Santiago, 
mill, n.; gristmill: — ^molino. 
millet, n.; barley: — sebada. 
millstone, n.: — ach6 molino. 
mind, n.; intellect; understanding: — 

jinaso; sentido. 
"mine, n.;— mina. 
mingle, v. tr.; to mix; to blend: — 

n3,-da£L&; daM. 



nuB^ed 



mingled, p. p.; mixed: — ^manfir-dafift. 

xainion, n.; favorite: — grUinltlya; fabo- 

rito. 
minute f odj,, adv.; Bmall; little: — di- 

quiqul. 
minute h.and, n.: — -minutero. 
miracle, n.; wonder: — milagro; n^''- 

manmaii n^sinedese. 
mire, n.; mud; slime; yeast: — ^fachd. 
mirror, n.: — espejos. 
miscellaneous, adj.; promLscuous: — 

entrepulao. 
mischievous, adj.: — dafloso; nfi,^tdilaye; 

camten. 
miserable, adj., adv.; pitiful; despicable; 

imp(JBBible:---cli&tsag'a; ni-mle^. 
miserv, n.; wretchedness: — ^miafiria; 

pineDle. 
misfortune, n.; accidental event: — di- 

nemalas; casualiddd; desgrisia; inal§. 
misrepresent, v. It.: — abag. 
miasion, n.: — mision; tinag6. 
missionary, n.: — ^misionero. 
mist, 71.; darkness; fog; haze: — jomjom; 

asgon. 
mistake, n.; error:— linache; fatta. 
mistaken, adj., adv.; hazy; nebulous. — 

bula asgon. 
mistake, v. i.; to be mistaken; to be 

in error: — ch^tan; iache. 
mistrust, n.; suspicion; — -desconfiansa; 

Buspecho. 
misunderstanding, n.t — chin§tan; ina- 

bag; linache. 
mitigate, v. It.; to alleviate: — ^n&ca- 

yada; disminuye. 
mix, V. tr.; to entangle: — ^na-gadon. 
miX ) V. tr.; to mix the cards: — balaja. 
mix, V, tr.; to thin out: — ^liti. 
mixed, p, p.; mingled: — ^man&-dafi&. 
mixture, n.; blend: — dina£L&. 
mixture, n.; mortar; — liniti. 
mob, n.; rude, disorderly crowd:— 

jeni%an; tumutto; inetnon para ti 

miuleg na ch6ch6. 
mock, V. tr,; to deride; to insult; to 

make fun of: — butLea; casi; insutta; 

mofea. 
mocker, n.; scoffer; supercilious person; 

arrogant man:— butl6n; casi. 
model, n.; figure: — flgfura; modelon. 
moderate, v, tr.; to keep within bounds; 

to lessen: — templao; moderao, 
moderation, n.: — tinempla. 
modem, adj.; recent: — ti&bmamJU. 
modest, adj., adv.; honorable; decent: — 

honesto. 
moist, adj., adv.; humid; damp (prevent^ 

Ing an object from burning): — apagon; 

fotgon; maguem; ilmido. 
moisten, v. tr.; to wet: — ^n&>fotgon. 
molar tooth, n.: — acacam. 

moldy, adj.; mouldy; covered with 
mold: — ^inapulfiijan; linimutan. 

naole, n.; birthmark:— lonnat. 



86 mourn 

molest, V. tr.; to annoy:— Joroba; 

nS^chiteaga; mol^Btia. 
molest, V. tr.; to importune :^n&- 

ch&tsaga. 
molestation, n.; annoyaijj^ce: — jineroba; 

chinitsa^a. 
mollify, V. tr., v. i.;^na,-mafi.afia. 
moment, n.; instant; twinkling: — ^me- 
mento; rato. 
Monday, n.: — ^lunes. 
money, ^n.: — salapt; salap^. 
money, n.; piece of money; coin: — 

moneda; saiapS. 
moneybag, n,.* — botsiyo. 
m.onk, n.;^-monje. 
monkey, n„-— machine, 
monoplane, n.; aeroplane having one 

plane, contrasted with the biplane, 

which has two: — ^monoplano; biplano. 
month, n.; one of the twelve divisions 

of the year: — ^mes- 
monthly, adj., adv.; happening once a 

month :—cada-mes. 
monument, n.: — ^m.onumento. 
mood, n.; temper of mind: — ^humot; 

i^nio. 
moon, n.; month: — ^pulan; mes. 
mop, n.; implement lor ws^hing floors: — 

lampaso ni gid tegpong. 
morality, n.; ethics :-^uinettesano; 

minduleg; tunas na tiniiigO. 
more, adj., adv.; greater in number; 

greater in quality or extent: — ^mas; 

megdina. 
moreover, adv.; besides; apart from 

that: — ademas. 
more than, adv.: — ^mas de; mas que. 
morning, n.: — 6g4an. 
mortal, adj.: — m&matai; mottdt; 

mdmatae. 
mortal sin, n.: — ^pecado mottS-t. 
mortar, n.: — ^lusoiSg. 
mortar, n.; mixture:— liniten-mescla; 

mescla. 
mortgage, n.: — ^ipotSca; sineguro; pro- 
mesa, 
mortify, v. tr,; to humble; to depress: — 

s&pit. 
mosquito, n.; — ^£Lamo. 
mosquito net, n.: — c4beyon. 
moss, n.; lichen: — lumot. 
moth (flyii^ around a light), n.: — 

b&bale. 

mother, n.: — ^nana; madre. 

mother-in-law, n.; — suegra. 

motion, n.; the act or process of mov- 
ing: — quinalamten; yine:fi^o^. 

motive, n.; incentive; reason: — ^motibo; 
raaon. 

motorcycle, n.; — ^bisicletan pogpoe. 

mould; mold, v. tr.; to do; to build: — 
f&tinas; jotma. 

mountain, n.: — sabana; ogs6; monte. 

moimtain side, n.: — canton ogs6. 

mourn, v,,i.; to grieve; to lament: — 
ta^i^e. 



87 



Mfti 



xnoumiixg, n.; sorrow; grief: — ^|uto; 

triniste. 
mouming-, v. tr.; to put on mourn- 
ing: — ^na,-luto; lumuto. 
mouse, n..*~chacan diquiqul (rat: 

chdrca; mouse, small rat^ 
mouth, n.: — pachot. 
xzioutli liantiomca, n.: — taibig; b^- 

lembau-pachot. 
move, V. i.: — calamten. 
move, V. tr.; to remove: — ^iid.-calaintezi. 
move, V. tr.; to stir up; to aetin motion: — 

chal^jguS,; bate. 
move, V. i.; to walk; to leave; to depart; 

to go: — faxnocat; pocat. 
xuoveinent, n.; motion: — yinefi^^yoiSg; 

mobimiento. 
m.ucb., adv.; great in quantity or amount; 

— ^lajyayan; lajyan; m^gai. 
xnucUage, n.; — gom-a; engrudo; cola. 
mulct, n.; penalty: — ^mutta. 
mule, n.: — mula. 
multiply, V. tr.; to increase: — aumenta; 

muttiplica; n^-m^gae. 
m.ultitude, n.; crowd; the populace: — 

monchon tfirOtao; inetnon taotao, 
municipal, adj.; pertaining to a city, 

state, or to a local self-government: — 

munisip^t. 
munition, n.; cartridges: — ^munision. 
murder, v. tr,^ v. i.; to commit a mur- 
der: — ^failajye pumund; raamuno. 



murderer, n.: — y maxauno pot trai- 

Bion. 
murmur, v. i.; to rustle; to whisper; to 

rattle; to clatter: — cascas; goj^ofi^; 

cumuentos d^'cacat. 
muscle, n,; shell :— concha; carac6t; 

gugat. 
muscular, adj.; active; vigorous; ro- 
bust: — masajeg^at; metgot. 
mush, n.; broth; pottage: — cado; jpotaje. 
mushroom, n,; sponge: — ^inapulaijan; 

payon dujendes; talan^an jayo. 
music, n.;— dandan; musica. 
musical instruznezit, n.: — instru- 

mento mUsica; estotmento. 
musical rehearsal, n.: — ensaya y 

canta. 
musician, n,; — -mlisico. 
mustache, n.: — ^bigote. 
mustard, n.: — mostasa. 
muster, n.: — ^rebista. 
mutation, n.; variation: — yinalac&. 
mute, adj., adv.; silent; dumb: — udo. 
mutinous, adj., adv.; rebellious: — g&- 

jumatsamiento. 
mutton, n.; the flesh of sheep: — catnen 

quinlo. 
mutual, adj., adv.; reciprocal: — um&- 

chajlao; umdnogcM. 
myrrh, n.: — ^mira. 
mystery, n.: — misteiio; tituiiguon na 

minagajet. 



N. 



nabob, n.; a very wealthy man: — rico na 

tS>otao. 
nagf, V. tr.; to gcold; to find fault with con- 
tinually: — ^ialatde; chatlii. 
nail, n.: — ^labo; lulog. 
nail, V. tr.; to fasten by nailing: — laba; 

luluque. 
nail to a cross, v. tr.: — atane gui 

quiluus. 
nail puUer, n.: — ^bogbog lulog. 
nails (on fingers and feet), n.: — ^pfipa- 

ques. 
naked, ac??.; nude: — t&idajog; quesnudo; 

sin magago. 
name, n.;— naan. 
name, v. tr.; to call; to denominate: — 

f&n&an; mafandan. 
nameless, adj.; without a name: — sin 

n4an. 
nap, n.; a short slumber: — siesta, 
nape, n.; the back of the neck: — 

espinaso. 
napkin, n.: — setbiyeta. 
narrate, v. tr.; to tell; to give an account 

of: — sai^ane. 

narration, n.; gossip: — cuentos- 
narrow, adj., adv.; close; strict ; straight: — 

angosto; tunas, 
narrow, adj.; pressed together:— mafnot. 
narrow, adj., adv.; thin: — canifes. 
nation, n.: — ^naBi6n. 



-taotand; t^otao tan6; 



native, n.:- 

natibo. 

native cattle, n.: — guacan tand. 
natural, adj., adv.; accidental; by 

nature: — ^naturat; timandna^ga, 
natural, adj.; gentdne: — ^natuxEt; puro. 
naturally, adv. — depots! j&. 
nature, n.; the universe; natural order of 

things; — atottan YHus. 
naught, n.; nothing: — tayH; sero. 
naughty, adj., adv.; bad; perverse or 

mischievous: — tailaye; baba; picaro. 
nausea, n.; disgust; aversion:— in^son; 

disgustao; linay6. 
nauseous, adj., adv.; loathsome: — n&- 

mas&; asqueroso. 
navigable, adj.: — nabegable; mamS,ya; 

siiia miya. 
navigate, v. tr.; to steer or manage a boat; 

to sail; — ^n&-md'ya; dirije pat maneja y 

batco, 
navigator, n.: — nabegaddt. 
navy, n.: — ^marina; nabio. 
neax, adj.; close b>^: — jijot. 
nearly (it seems as if almost ), adv.: — 

c&n&jS,. 
nearly, adv.; possibly; — sixiaja. 
neat, adj., adv.; decent; clean: — gasgas; 

alinau. 
neat, adj., adv.; nice (speaking of girls); 

beautiful; handsome: — dudus; bonita; 

pachuchang. 



87 



Mfti 



xnoumiixg, n.; sorrow; grief: — ^|uto; 

triniste. 
mouming-, v. tr.; to put on mourn- 
ing: — ^na,-luto; lumuto. 
mouse, n..*~chacan diquiqul (rat: 

chdrca; mouse, small rat^ 
mouth, n.: — pachot. 
xzioutli liantiomca, n.: — taibig; b^- 

lembau-pachot. 
move, V. i.: — calamten. 
move, V. tr.; to remove: — ^iid.-calaintezi. 
move, V. tr.; to stir up; to aetin motion: — 

chal^jguS,; bate. 
move, V. i.; to walk; to leave; to depart; 

to go: — faxnocat; pocat. 
xuoveinent, n.; motion: — yinefi^^yoiSg; 

mobimiento. 
m.ucb., adv.; great in quantity or amount; 

— ^lajyayan; lajyan; m^gai. 
xnucUage, n.; — gom-a; engrudo; cola. 
mulct, n.; penalty: — ^mutta. 
mule, n.: — mula. 
multiply, V. tr.; to increase: — aumenta; 

muttiplica; n^-m^gae. 
m.ultitude, n.; crowd; the populace: — 

monchon tfirOtao; inetnon taotao, 
municipal, adj.; pertaining to a city, 

state, or to a local self-government: — 

munisip^t. 
munition, n.; cartridges: — ^munision. 
murder, v. tr,^ v. i.; to commit a mur- 
der: — ^failajye pumund; raamuno. 



murderer, n.: — y maxauno pot trai- 

Bion. 
murmur, v. i.; to rustle; to whisper; to 

rattle; to clatter: — cascas; goj^ofi^; 

cumuentos d^'cacat. 
muscle, n,; shell :— concha; carac6t; 

gugat. 
muscular, adj.; active; vigorous; ro- 
bust: — masajeg^at; metgot. 
mush, n.; broth; pottage: — cado; jpotaje. 
mushroom, n,; sponge: — ^inapulaijan; 

payon dujendes; talan^an jayo. 
music, n.;— dandan; musica. 
musical instruznezit, n.: — instru- 

mento mUsica; estotmento. 
musical rehearsal, n.: — ensaya y 

canta. 
musician, n,; — -mlisico. 
mustache, n.: — ^bigote. 
mustard, n.: — mostasa. 
muster, n.: — ^rebista. 
mutation, n.; variation: — yinalac&. 
mute, adj., adv.; silent; dumb: — udo. 
mutinous, adj., adv.; rebellious: — g&- 

jumatsamiento. 
mutton, n.; the flesh of sheep: — catnen 

quinlo. 
mutual, adj., adv.; reciprocal: — um&- 

chajlao; umdnogcM. 
myrrh, n.: — ^mira. 
mystery, n.: — misteiio; tituiiguon na 

minagajet. 



N. 



nabob, n.; a very wealthy man: — rico na 

tS>otao. 
nagf, V. tr.; to gcold; to find fault with con- 
tinually: — ^ialatde; chatlii. 
nail, n.: — ^labo; lulog. 
nail, V. tr.; to fasten by nailing: — laba; 

luluque. 
nail to a cross, v. tr.: — atane gui 

quiluus. 
nail puUer, n.: — ^bogbog lulog. 
nails (on fingers and feet), n.: — ^pfipa- 

ques. 
naked, ac??.; nude: — t&idajog; quesnudo; 

sin magago. 
name, n.;— naan. 
name, v. tr.; to call; to denominate: — 

f&n&an; mafandan. 
nameless, adj.; without a name: — sin 

n4an. 
nap, n.; a short slumber: — siesta, 
nape, n.; the back of the neck: — 

espinaso. 
napkin, n.: — setbiyeta. 
narrate, v. tr.; to tell; to give an account 

of: — sai^ane. 

narration, n.; gossip: — cuentos- 
narrow, adj., adv.; close; strict ; straight: — 

angosto; tunas, 
narrow, adj.; pressed together:— mafnot. 
narrow, adj., adv.; thin: — canifes. 
nation, n.: — ^naBi6n. 



-taotand; t^otao tan6; 



native, n.:- 

natibo. 

native cattle, n.: — guacan tand. 
natural, adj., adv.; accidental; by 

nature: — ^naturat; timandna^ga, 
natural, adj.; gentdne: — ^natuxEt; puro. 
naturally, adv. — depots! j&. 
nature, n.; the universe; natural order of 

things; — atottan YHus. 
naught, n.; nothing: — tayH; sero. 
naughty, adj., adv.; bad; perverse or 

mischievous: — tailaye; baba; picaro. 
nausea, n.; disgust; aversion:— in^son; 

disgustao; linay6. 
nauseous, adj., adv.; loathsome: — n&- 

mas&; asqueroso. 
navigable, adj.: — nabegable; mamS,ya; 

siiia miya. 
navigate, v. tr.; to steer or manage a boat; 

to sail; — ^n&-md'ya; dirije pat maneja y 

batco, 
navigator, n.: — nabegaddt. 
navy, n.: — ^marina; nabio. 
neax, adj.; close b>^: — jijot. 
nearly (it seems as if almost ), adv.: — 

c&n&jS,. 
nearly, adv.; possibly; — sixiaja. 
neat, adj., adv.; decent; clean: — gasgas; 

alinau. 
neat, adj., adv.; nice (speaking of girls); 

beautiful; handsome: — dudus; bonita; 

pachuchang. 



necessary 



88 



now 



necessary, adj.: — nesesdrio. 
necessary, adj.; it is necessary; it is im- 
portant; it is fitting: — conbiene; pre- 

siso. 
necessary^ adf/., adv.; certain: — presiso; 

seguro. 
necessity, n.; need :— nesesidS-d. 
neck, n.: — tongjo; cueyo; a^aga. 
necklace, n.: — cadena; lisayo. 
need, v. tr.; to want: — nesesita; malagS. 
needful, adj., adv.; necessary: — ^nese- 

sitao; nesesdrio. 
needle, n.: — jaguja. 
negative, adj.; denying; refusing: — ne- 

gatibo. 
negative, n.; photo plate, developed, 

showing lights and shade the opposite 

of those in nature: — contra, 
neglect, v. tr.; to slight: — agliS; des- 

cuida; desatiende. 
negligent, adj., adv.; slack; slovenly; 

tarrying; loitering; remiss: — descuidao; 

gag6. 
negotiate, v. tr.: — tratos (tratos pot 

cometsio). 
neighbor, n.: — ^besino. 
neighboring, adj.; situated nearby: — 

besino. 
neighbor, v. tr., v. i.; to be a neighbor: — 

bumesino. 
neighborhood, n.; region; tract of 

country: — comatca; besino; pals. 
neither, pron. ;—niuno (nor, conj.: ni). 
, neither, conj,: — ni. 

' neither nor ;- :— ti -ni ti . 

nephew, n.: — sobrino. 
nerve, n.; fiber; sinew; tendon: — net- 
bio; gugat; fottalesa. 
nervous, adj. , adv.; sinewy : — mi-gugat; 

netbioso. 
nest, n.: — chonchon. 
net, n.; — ^l&gu§i. 

neuter, adj.; of neither sex: — ti laje ni 

ti pal&uan (neither man nor woman). 

neutral, adj.; unbiased; indifferent: — 

neutrat; ti mumumo; indiferente. 
never, adv.; at no time: — nunca; ni un 

tiempo. 
never, adv.; nowhere: — tay& nae; ni- 

mano; nunca. 
nevertheless, adv.; in spite of; not- 
withstanding:— sin enbatgo; con todo 

que. ■ , 1 

nevertheless, adv.; but; notwithstand- 
ing; — sin enbatgo; lau. 

new, adj.; recent in origin: — nuebo. 

new moon, n.: — nuebo na pulan. 

newspaper, n.: — gaseta. 

next, adj.:—tinn; oriya; otro; pr6c8imo; 
mas jijot. . 

nice, adj. y adv.; fastidious; precise:— bu- 
nito; fastidioso; puntuat. 

nicety, n.; precision; fastidious deli- 
cacy: — delieadesa; presisiun; fastidi- 
oso. 

neice, n.; daughter of a brother or 
sister : — sobrina. 

nigh, adj.; near: — jijot. 



night, n.: — puengue. 

night, n.; afternoon; evening : — 

pueio&ue; pupueiigue. 
nine, aa;",:— nuebe, 
nine hundred, acifj-.-'-iiuebe-sientos. 
nineteen, adj.: — deaenuebe; dies y 

nuebe. 
ninety, adj.: — ^nobenta. 
ninny, n.; simpleton; — senslyo; simpli. 
ninth, adv.: — miniL nuebe. 
no (opposite of yea), acfv..*~-aj§; munga. 
nobby, adj.; stylish: — andi. 
Noah's ark, n.: — arcan Noa; atcan 

Noa. 
noble, adj., adv.: — ^noble; manjulon. 
nobody, n.; no one: — ni uno. 
nod, n.; a quick inclination of the 

head: — ^6nggiie^. 
nod (indicating denial or negative), 

V. i.: — gii6nggUe]5|:. 
noise, n.; bang; clap (of a falling body 
striking the ground):— buruca;tagtag; 
talagtag. 
noise(of breaking wood), n.: — chegcheg. 
noise, n.; rustling:— buruca; ruido. 
noise, n.; such as the rattling of keys: — 

calascas. 
noncommisBioned officer, n.: — cabo. 
noon, n.: — ^talfiane. 
north, n.: — ^lago; gui lago; san lago. 
nose, n.; organ of smell: — guien^. 

no sooner than, conj.; as soon an: — 

gulgonjSr; guigon, 
notch (in a knife edge), n.: — maftS. 
note (in music), n.: — nota. 
not guilty, adj., adv.; innocent: — 

inosente; tditsao. 
nothing, adv.; none: — tayil. 
notice, n.; notification; report:— faailS.; 

notificasi6n; notfsia. 
notify, V. tr.; to give notice^ to make 

known: — ^ni-niatiuS|;6; notifica. 
notion, n.; opinion; belief; inclina- 
tion:— sentido; opini6n; jinefilgue; 
inclinasi6n. 
notoriety, n.; the state of being noto- 
rious: — publicao. 
not ready, adj.; unprepared: — despre- 

benido; ti lilisto. 
notwithstanding, prep.; in spite of; 
nevertheless:— sin enbatgo; con todo 

que. 
notwithstanding that, conj.; though; 

although; albeit:— achog; achogja; sm 

enbatgo na. 
noun, n.; a substantive :—n4an: 
November, n.: — nobiembre, , 
novel, adj.; of recent origin: — modetno. 
novelty, n.;— nobedad; ninuebo; guaja 

noboda. 
novice, n.; beginner: — prensipiante; 

tftitujon. 
now, adv.; at the present time; quite 

recently ; .to-day :— pago . 
I now and then, adv.; once in a while; 
I sometimes:— pS-go yan ayu; cad a un 
j rato; palo tiempo. 



89 



nudge, V. tr.; to touch gently (as «rith 
the elbow): — totpe; chanda. 

nuisance, n.; anything offensive, in- 
jurious, vexatious, or annoying: — 
dafLo; estotbo; molestia; petjuisio. 

null, adj.; void; of no legal force: — nulo; 
ti bale. 

numb, adj.; torpid; deprived of eensa- 
tion: — maetdot; timauiemente. 

number, n.; unit; — numero. 

numeral, n.; symbol or word expressing 
a number: — numero. 



nuptial, n.; pertaining to marriage: — 
nupsi&t. 

nuptials, n,; a marriage; marriage cere- 
mony: — ^boda; casamiento. 

nursery, n.; apartment for young chil- 
dren: — criansa; sagan fama^tiun. 
j nursery, n.; a garden for rearing young 
plants: — plant61; atmdsiga. 

nurture, v. tr.; to nourish; to feed: — 
nutrimento; na-chocho. 

nutriment, n.; nourishment: — ali- 
mento. 



o. 



i t 

\ y 



• I. 
\ I 



oh.! inter j.; alas! woe! — adaje! ojala! 

pago! 
oak, n.; — roble (roble, jayo na majetog; 

ma u usa para mafatinas batco, etc.). 
oar, n.; paddle: — p6gpaai-bote. 
oath, n.: — jula; juramento. 
obduracy, n.; hardness of heart: — 

inaguaguat; minajetog-corason. 
obdurate, adj.; hardened in feelings: — 

tetco; majetog; aguaguat. 
obedience, n.; submission to authority; 

dutifulness: — obedi^nsia; i n e s g u e; 

cumplido; manosgue nt tinago. 
obedient, adj.^ adv.; dutiful: — osgon; 

obediente (conf otme ni y otden y otro) . 
obese, adj.; corpulent; fat: — ^lod6; 

yomog; d^^culo tataotaoila. 
obey, V, tr.; to comply with the orders 

or instructions of: — osgue. 
object, V. tr.; to oppose; to retort; to 

demur; to put in by way of reply: — 

mun^a; opone. 
object, n.; thing: — jinafa; jafa; butto. 
objection, n,; adverse reason: — timi- 

nalagd; oposision. 
obligation, n.;. charge; office: — catgo; 

obligasi6n. 
oblige, V. tr.; to render a favor to; to 

gratify : — flnabor ese . 
obliged, adj.; under obligation: — 

obUgao. 
obliging, adj., adv.; pleasing; agree- 
able; — fafatpai; f^faborese; yaiia man 

nae fabor (or fabot). 
oblique, adj., adv.; aslant; awry; slop- 
ing: — §guen^; s^sgao. 
obliterate, v. tr.; to efface: — ^ma funas. 
oblivion, n.; the state of being blotted out 

from memory: — minalefa. 
oblivious, fldj., adv.; liable to be forgot- 
ten; forgetful: — jSmalefa; m^male- 

fayun. 
obscure, adj.; dark; illegible; secluded; 

humble: — jomjom. 
obscure, v. tr.; to darken; to dirty; to 

take away the luster: — ti-anog; na- 

cachaii^. 
observe, v. tr.; to contemplate; to look 

at; to view; to watch: — 4tan; e8pia;con- 

templa; jaso. 
obsolete, adj.; gone out of date; dis- 
used; — bijo; antiguo. 



obstacle, n.; difficulty; vexation; cha; 
grin; obstruction: — minapot; disgueto- 
estotbo, 

obstacle (in the way while driving), 
n.: — estotbo gui chalan; gadon. 

obstinate, adj.; stubborn; dogged; stiff- 
necked : — Aguaguat. 

obstruct, V. tr.; to impede; to prevent; to 
hinder: — estotba; chomS,; impide. 

obstruction, n.; obstacle; hindrance; 
impediment: — impedimento; estotbo. 

obtain, v. tr.; to attain; to accomplish; to 
reach: — consigue; chul^; mato; jajulat 
chumul.^ . 

obtuse, adj., adv.; dull: — obtuso; tii- 
punta; foda; fiaii6. 

obvious, adj., adv.; evident; — mani- 
festo; mababa; claro; magajet. 

occasion, n.; opportunity: — ocasi6n; 
opottunidad ; guindilugat. 

occasional, .adj., adv.; incidental; casu- 
al: — acsidente. 

Occident, n.; the west; the countries west 
of Asia and the Turkish dominions: — 
occidente; ocsidente; sanlichan. 

occupant, n.; one who has possession: — 
ocupante; sumagdgaye. 

occupation, n.: — tinand; ocupasi6n. 

occupy, V. tr.; to spend time: — empleo; 
gai offsio. 

ocean, n.: — tasi. 

October, 71.: — octubre. 

odd, adj.; unusual; peculiar; eccentric; — 
tai gachon. 

odious, adj,; unpopular; offensive: — ma 
chatlil; ti ma guaiya; nS,'maasi. 

odium, n.; hatred; dislike: — chinatUi. 

odor, n.; scent; fragrance: — ^pS-upau; 
pdu. 

odorous, adj.; fragrant: — p&upau; mau- 
leg pauiia. 

ofiend, V, tr.; to insult; to outrage; to 
affront: — ofende; naaife; isagiie; ana; 
na-chatsaga, 

ofEend, v. tr.; or to insult bodily; to do 
harm to: — aj5.a. 

offense, n.; injury; assault: — injtiria; 
ataque; fatta; inefende; ja contra y lai. 

offensive, adj., adv.; repugnant; taste- 
lees; — deaabrido; chocante. 



offer, V. tr. 
offering, n.: 



-ofrese; promote. 
-inefrese. 



89 



nudge, V. tr.; to touch gently (as «rith 
the elbow): — totpe; chanda. 

nuisance, n.; anything offensive, in- 
jurious, vexatious, or annoying: — 
dafLo; estotbo; molestia; petjuisio. 

null, adj.; void; of no legal force: — nulo; 
ti bale. 

numb, adj.; torpid; deprived of eensa- 
tion: — maetdot; timauiemente. 

number, n.; unit; — numero. 

numeral, n.; symbol or word expressing 
a number: — numero. 



nuptial, n.; pertaining to marriage: — 
nupsi&t. 

nuptials, n,; a marriage; marriage cere- 
mony: — ^boda; casamiento. 

nursery, n.; apartment for young chil- 
dren: — criansa; sagan fama^tiun. 
j nursery, n.; a garden for rearing young 
plants: — plant61; atmdsiga. 

nurture, v. tr.; to nourish; to feed: — 
nutrimento; na-chocho. 

nutriment, n.; nourishment: — ali- 
mento. 



o. 



i t 

\ y 



• I. 
\ I 



oh.! inter j.; alas! woe! — adaje! ojala! 

pago! 
oak, n.; — roble (roble, jayo na majetog; 

ma u usa para mafatinas batco, etc.). 
oar, n.; paddle: — p6gpaai-bote. 
oath, n.: — jula; juramento. 
obduracy, n.; hardness of heart: — 

inaguaguat; minajetog-corason. 
obdurate, adj.; hardened in feelings: — 

tetco; majetog; aguaguat. 
obedience, n.; submission to authority; 

dutifulness: — obedi^nsia; i n e s g u e; 

cumplido; manosgue nt tinago. 
obedient, adj.^ adv.; dutiful: — osgon; 

obediente (conf otme ni y otden y otro) . 
obese, adj.; corpulent; fat: — ^lod6; 

yomog; d^^culo tataotaoila. 
obey, V, tr.; to comply with the orders 

or instructions of: — osgue. 
object, V. tr.; to oppose; to retort; to 

demur; to put in by way of reply: — 

mun^a; opone. 
object, n.; thing: — jinafa; jafa; butto. 
objection, n,; adverse reason: — timi- 

nalagd; oposision. 
obligation, n.;. charge; office: — catgo; 

obligasi6n. 
oblige, V. tr.; to render a favor to; to 

gratify : — flnabor ese . 
obliged, adj.; under obligation: — 

obUgao. 
obliging, adj., adv.; pleasing; agree- 
able; — fafatpai; f^faborese; yaiia man 

nae fabor (or fabot). 
oblique, adj., adv.; aslant; awry; slop- 
ing: — §guen^; s^sgao. 
obliterate, v. tr.; to efface: — ^ma funas. 
oblivion, n.; the state of being blotted out 

from memory: — minalefa. 
oblivious, fldj., adv.; liable to be forgot- 
ten; forgetful: — jSmalefa; m^male- 

fayun. 
obscure, adj.; dark; illegible; secluded; 

humble: — jomjom. 
obscure, v. tr.; to darken; to dirty; to 

take away the luster: — ti-anog; na- 

cachaii^. 
observe, v. tr.; to contemplate; to look 

at; to view; to watch: — 4tan; e8pia;con- 

templa; jaso. 
obsolete, adj.; gone out of date; dis- 
used; — bijo; antiguo. 



obstacle, n.; difficulty; vexation; cha; 
grin; obstruction: — minapot; disgueto- 
estotbo, 

obstacle (in the way while driving), 
n.: — estotbo gui chalan; gadon. 

obstinate, adj.; stubborn; dogged; stiff- 
necked : — Aguaguat. 

obstruct, V. tr.; to impede; to prevent; to 
hinder: — estotba; chomS,; impide. 

obstruction, n.; obstacle; hindrance; 
impediment: — impedimento; estotbo. 

obtain, v. tr.; to attain; to accomplish; to 
reach: — consigue; chul^; mato; jajulat 
chumul.^ . 

obtuse, adj., adv.; dull: — obtuso; tii- 
punta; foda; fiaii6. 

obvious, adj., adv.; evident; — mani- 
festo; mababa; claro; magajet. 

occasion, n.; opportunity: — ocasi6n; 
opottunidad ; guindilugat. 

occasional, .adj., adv.; incidental; casu- 
al: — acsidente. 

Occident, n.; the west; the countries west 
of Asia and the Turkish dominions: — 
occidente; ocsidente; sanlichan. 

occupant, n.; one who has possession: — 
ocupante; sumagdgaye. 

occupation, n.: — tinand; ocupasi6n. 

occupy, V. tr.; to spend time: — empleo; 
gai offsio. 

ocean, n.: — tasi. 

October, 71.: — octubre. 

odd, adj.; unusual; peculiar; eccentric; — 
tai gachon. 

odious, adj,; unpopular; offensive: — ma 
chatlil; ti ma guaiya; nS,'maasi. 

odium, n.; hatred; dislike: — chinatUi. 

odor, n.; scent; fragrance: — ^pS-upau; 
pdu. 

odorous, adj.; fragrant: — p&upau; mau- 
leg pauiia. 

ofiend, V, tr.; to insult; to outrage; to 
affront: — ofende; naaife; isagiie; ana; 
na-chatsaga, 

ofEend, v. tr.; or to insult bodily; to do 
harm to: — aj5.a. 

offense, n.; injury; assault: — injtiria; 
ataque; fatta; inefende; ja contra y lai. 

offensive, adj., adv.; repugnant; taste- 
lees; — deaabrido; chocante. 



offer, V. tr. 
offering, n.: 



-ofrese; promote. 
-inefrese. 



90 



ofiierwifc 



office, n.,*— pec&; offsio; empleo. 

office, n.; charge; obligation: — catgo. 
office, 71.; commiesion: — encatgo. 
officer, n.; person commissibned to per- 
form a certain public duty: — oflsi&t. 
officious, adj.; meddling: — oflaioso; en- 

tremetido. 
offspring, n.; Buccessor:— desendiente; 

patgon. 
oft, adv.; often; frequently: — seso; m6gai 

na biaje. 
oil, n.: — ^lafia; aaiite. 
oilcloth, n.;— hule. 
oil cruet, n.; — asaitero. 
oil lamp (of email size), n.: — candit 

lafLa. 
oil press, n.; wine press: — ^prensa para 

zaaxn& lafia o asaite. 
ointment, n.; an unctuoue substance 
applied to a wound or injiu-ed part: — 
engiiente; amot para chetnot; p^lai. 
old, adj.; aged; ancient: — de edad; amc6; 

bijo; antlguo. 
older, adj.^ adv.: — amcofla, 
old man', n.: — ^bijo na tlLotao. 
oUve oil, n.: — asltiten oliba. 
ominous, adj.; foreboding evil; inaus- 
picious : — deslaborable . 
on, prep.; upon; at; near: — san jil6; 

jil6na; ayo; iijot. 
once in a while, adv.; a few times: — cada 

14-abinaxn; cada rato. 
one, adj.; single in number: — imo. 
one-armed, adj.: — ^mangco. 
onerous, adj,; burdensome; weighty; 

oppressive: — tirano; macat, 
onion, n^'—seboyas. 
only, adv.; singly; merely: — solamente; 

miisa. 
only one, adv.: — ^tinojS.. 
onward! interj.; advance! — adelanta! 
open, adj.y adv.; ajar; unfaatened: — 

mababa; abietto. 
open, V. tr.; to spread out: — ^baba. 
opening, n.; hole: — ^binaba; abettura. 
operate, v. tr., v. i.; to work" — ^nft- 

calamten; fach6ch6. 
operation, n.; surgical jperformance 

with instruments: — operasi6n. 
opinion, n,; intention; thought; memory; 

reason: — jinaso; opim6n. 
opium, n.; — dpio; amot na ndnd.maigd. 
opponent, n.; adversary :-p-contr&rio. 
opportune, adj.; well-timed; eeason- 

able: — opottuno; contiempo. 
opportunity, n.; convenient time or 

occasion; — opottunid&d. 
oppose, V. tr.; object; to retort; to demur; 
to put in by way of rej^ly : — aguaguate; 
opone; ti malagd; resiste. 
opposite, adj.; inimical; hostile; ad- 
verse: — contrario; atlibea. 
opposition, n.; hostile resistance; ob- 
stacle: — timlnalagd; oposisidn; con- 
trdrio. 
oppress, V. tr.; to press; to affilct: — 
aprieta; pujot. 



oppressed, arfj.; distressed; depressed: — 

inadite; gat^ado. 
oppression, n.; injustice: — ^impuesto; 

injustfsia. 
option, n.; power or> right of choice; 

wish; selection: — deaeo; minalagd. 
opulence, n.; wealth: — abund&nsia; 

rico; mfcosas. 
or, c(mj.; otherwise; else: — ^pat; o; oaino. 
oral, adj., adv.; verbal: — ^verbat; vetbat; 

masifii^njS,. 
orange, n.: — cajet. 
oration, n.; a formal public speech: — 

orasidn. 
orchard, n,; an inclosure of fruit trees: — 

jatdin de frutas; Juetto. 
orchestra, n.; a body of musicians: — 

orquesta; mdsicos. 
ordain, v. tr.; to dispose; to decree; to 

prescribe: — decretaj otdena. 
order, n.; command; injunction; rule: — 
tinagd; otden; diaposisi6n; areglo; 
fina,mauleg. 
order, v. tr.; to appoint; to determine; 
to fix; to intend; to design:~destina. 
order, v. tr.; to command: — tag6. 
order, v. tr.; to manage; to bespeak; to 

give order for: — encatga. 
order, v. tr., v. i.; to prepare; to make 
ready ; to dispose ; to arrange : — dispone, 
ordered, p, p.; appointed; arranged: — 

encatgao. 
orderly, adj.; regulated; — areglao. 
ordinary, adj.; usual; customary: — 

otdindrio; costumbre. 
ordnance, n.; artillery: — artDleria; 

caiiones. 
organ, n.; harmonium: — arm6nio; 6r- 

gano; atm6uio; 6t^ano. 
organize, v. tr.; to regulate; to bring 

under rule: — aregla. 
Orient, n.: — oriente; sancatan. 
origin, n.; beginning; source; cause; 

derivation: — tinitujon. 
ornament, n.; adornment; embellish- 
ment ;— adotno . 
ornament, v. tr.; to adorn; to clean: — 

omamento; adotno. 
ornament, n,; jewelry: — alaja. 
ornamental, adj., adv.; elegant; pretty; 

neat; nice: — ^bonito. 
orphan, n.; child bereft of parents: — 

iLu^tfano; hu^tfana, 
orthography, n.; art of spelling and 
writing words correctly:— ortografia; 
ottografia. 
oscillate, v. tr., v. i.; to swing backward 
and forward; to vibrate: — os^a; laolao 
(sonido). 
ostensible, adj., adv.; apparent; held 
forth to view; plausible; — claro; ayo 
y sixia anog; ebidente. 
otlier, adj.; different; contrary: — otro; 

diferente', contrdrio, 
otherwise, adv.; in another manner; 
in other respects: — de otro modo; 
por otro motibo. 



otlierwse 



01 



panby 



otherwise, conj.; else:— o; otra manera. 

our, pron.; pertaining to us; belonging 

to us: — iyota. 
oust, V. It.; to eject:— na-Janao; nS,- 

BUJa. 
out, adv.; without: — ^sanjiyoi^; taigiie; 

fuera de. 
outbreak, n.; a breaking out; an erup- 
tion:— mabt^; mfnabta,. 
outcast, n.; one who is driven or cast 

out; an exile: — j madestilado; ma- 

yut^. 
outcry, n.; clamor; tumult: — umagang- 

m^xnatal. 
outdo, V. tr.; to overstep: — fH,pos; upoa; 

upus. 
outlaw, n.; one who ig deprived of le^al 

benefits and protection:— bandido; 

bandolero, 
outlive, V. tr.; to survive: — ^mumaog'; 

Icilae; tatatte matai. 
out of, adv.: — gfuine. 
outrage, v. tr.; to insult; — ^insutta; 

mattrata; insulta; maltrata. 
outside of, prep.; except: — fuera de. 
outside! adv., interj.; out! get out! — 

juyung I 
outward, adv.; toward the outside: — 

y san jiyong. 
oval, adj.; shaped like an egg; ellip- 
tical:— obdt (ob^l); mamS, anac6 na 

redondo. 



oven, n.; hearth; baking oven: — jotno. 
over, prep.; above; upon: — sanjild; 

jiloiia. 
overcoat, n.: — ^mantQ; sobretodo. 
overcome, v. tr.; to subdue; to reduce to 

subjection; to conquer: — l^^'uau; julat; 

petde. 
overcome, v. i.; to be subdued; to be 

reduced to subjection; to be con- 
quered: — mali'^fLau. 
overlook, v. tr.; to control; to search; 

to view; to visit; to inspect: — eglLg&. 
overripe (fruit), adj.; rotten: — yuyog; 

lamas, 
overseer, n.: — cabesiyo; capataa. 
overshadow, d. ir.; to cast a shade upon; 

to darken: — jome. 
overshirt, n.; shirt: — chinina. 
overtop, V. tr.; to surpass; to excel: — 

diles; igue. 
overstep, v. tr.; to exceed: — up6s^ue. 
overtake, v. tr.; to catch by pursuit: — 

guinach^. 

overturn, v. tr.; to throw over; to 
thrust: — puja. 

owe, V. tr.; to be indebted; to be in 
debt: — dibe; dfdibe. 

own, adj., adv.; proper; suitable; perti- 
nent; fitting; — ^propio; iyo. 

owner, n.; lord; lawful proprietor: — 
duefLo. 



P. 



pace, 71.; step; manner of walkii^: — 
paso. 

pacific, adj.; peace-making; mild; con- 
ciliating: — trang-quUo. 

pack, V. tr.; to hold fast; to take; to 
seize; to fasten; — gafus; gapot; guot. 

package, n.; statue: — ^butto. 

pacified, adj., adv.; quieted; appeased; 
assuaged: — ^majgom; maguem; quieto. 

pacify, v. tr.; to appease; to calm; to com- 
pose : — n^-f amatquilo. 

padlock, n.: — asiradura; aeradura. 

pagan, n.; heathen; idolater :^y uma- 
dodora y fatso na Y^us; pagano.' 

page (in a book), n.: — ^pajina. 

pail (for carrying water), n.: — gutgu- 
reta; jara; batcte. 

pain, n.; intense pain, especially re- 
ferring to thrust wounds, cuts, etc.; — 
®y^&; puti; chetnot. 

painful, adj. y adv.; — znajalan|f; mi puti. 

paint, V. tr.; to color:— penta. 

painter, n.: — pintot; y pipenta. 

painting, n.: — ^pinenta; pepenta. 

pair, n.: — spares; pat. 

palace, n.; residence of a sovereign (in 
Guam, the residence of the gover- 
nor) : — ^palasy o . 

palatable, adj.; savory; agreeable to the 
taste: — g&i sabot. 

palate, n.; the roof of the mouth: — 
pfiladad. 

4562-18 7 



pale, adj., adv.; colorless (complexion); 

|)allid; sallow; wan: — ^b6gsion; chupon; 

jipato. 
pale, n.; stake; post; pole: — estaco. 
palm, n.; the inner part of the hand: — 

patma. 
palm, n.; palm tree: — trojS^con patma; 

patma. 
palm wine, n.; coco juice; sour toddy;— 

tuba. 
Palm Sunday, n.: — d a m e ng g o n 

ramos. 
palpable, adj., adv.; obvious; easily 

perceived: — claro; comprendiyon. 
palpitation, n.; quiver; throb: — linau- 

lau. 
palpitation of the heart, n.: — bong- 
bong y corasdn. 
palBy, 71.; paralysis: — paralitico. 
paltry, adj.; worthless; contemptible: — 

tSibale. 
pan, n.; frying pan: — ^palanggana; sat- 

t^n; calaje. 
pan, n.; large size pan, about three feet in 

diameter: — calaje; palanggana. 
pancakes, n.; corn cakes: — titiyas. 
panic, n.; sudden fright: — ^Unijan. 
pant, V. i.; to gasp; to cough: — guja. 
pant, V. i.; to breathe hard: — ^jinago^ 

na f ejman. 
pantry, n.; provision closet: — aparadot 

ne^cand. 



otlierwse 



01 



panby 



otherwise, conj.; else:— o; otra manera. 

our, pron.; pertaining to us; belonging 

to us: — iyota. 
oust, V. It.; to eject:— na-Janao; nS,- 

BUJa. 
out, adv.; without: — ^sanjiyoi^; taigiie; 

fuera de. 
outbreak, n.; a breaking out; an erup- 
tion:— mabt^; mfnabta,. 
outcast, n.; one who is driven or cast 

out; an exile: — j madestilado; ma- 

yut^. 
outcry, n.; clamor; tumult: — umagang- 

m^xnatal. 
outdo, V. tr.; to overstep: — fH,pos; upoa; 

upus. 
outlaw, n.; one who ig deprived of le^al 

benefits and protection:— bandido; 

bandolero, 
outlive, V. tr.; to survive: — ^mumaog'; 

Icilae; tatatte matai. 
out of, adv.: — gfuine. 
outrage, v. tr.; to insult; — ^insutta; 

mattrata; insulta; maltrata. 
outside of, prep.; except: — fuera de. 
outside! adv., interj.; out! get out! — 

juyung I 
outward, adv.; toward the outside: — 

y san jiyong. 
oval, adj.; shaped like an egg; ellip- 
tical:— obdt (ob^l); mamS, anac6 na 

redondo. 



oven, n.; hearth; baking oven: — jotno. 
over, prep.; above; upon: — sanjild; 

jiloiia. 
overcoat, n.: — ^mantQ; sobretodo. 
overcome, v. tr.; to subdue; to reduce to 

subjection; to conquer: — l^^'uau; julat; 

petde. 
overcome, v. i.; to be subdued; to be 

reduced to subjection; to be con- 
quered: — mali'^fLau. 
overlook, v. tr.; to control; to search; 

to view; to visit; to inspect: — eglLg&. 
overripe (fruit), adj.; rotten: — yuyog; 

lamas, 
overseer, n.: — cabesiyo; capataa. 
overshadow, d. ir.; to cast a shade upon; 

to darken: — jome. 
overshirt, n.; shirt: — chinina. 
overtop, V. tr.; to surpass; to excel: — 

diles; igue. 
overstep, v. tr.; to exceed: — up6s^ue. 
overtake, v. tr.; to catch by pursuit: — 

guinach^. 

overturn, v. tr.; to throw over; to 
thrust: — puja. 

owe, V. tr.; to be indebted; to be in 
debt: — dibe; dfdibe. 

own, adj., adv.; proper; suitable; perti- 
nent; fitting; — ^propio; iyo. 

owner, n.; lord; lawful proprietor: — 
duefLo. 



P. 



pace, 71.; step; manner of walkii^: — 
paso. 

pacific, adj.; peace-making; mild; con- 
ciliating: — trang-quUo. 

pack, V. tr.; to hold fast; to take; to 
seize; to fasten; — gafus; gapot; guot. 

package, n.; statue: — ^butto. 

pacified, adj., adv.; quieted; appeased; 
assuaged: — ^majgom; maguem; quieto. 

pacify, v. tr.; to appease; to calm; to com- 
pose : — n^-f amatquilo. 

padlock, n.: — asiradura; aeradura. 

pagan, n.; heathen; idolater :^y uma- 
dodora y fatso na Y^us; pagano.' 

page (in a book), n.: — ^pajina. 

pail (for carrying water), n.: — gutgu- 
reta; jara; batcte. 

pain, n.; intense pain, especially re- 
ferring to thrust wounds, cuts, etc.; — 
®y^&; puti; chetnot. 

painful, adj. y adv.; — znajalan|f; mi puti. 

paint, V. tr.; to color:— penta. 

painter, n.: — pintot; y pipenta. 

painting, n.: — ^pinenta; pepenta. 

pair, n.: — spares; pat. 

palace, n.; residence of a sovereign (in 
Guam, the residence of the gover- 
nor) : — ^palasy o . 

palatable, adj.; savory; agreeable to the 
taste: — g&i sabot. 

palate, n.; the roof of the mouth: — 
pfiladad. 

4562-18 7 



pale, adj., adv.; colorless (complexion); 

|)allid; sallow; wan: — ^b6gsion; chupon; 

jipato. 
pale, n.; stake; post; pole: — estaco. 
palm, n.; the inner part of the hand: — 

patma. 
palm, n.; palm tree: — trojS^con patma; 

patma. 
palm wine, n.; coco juice; sour toddy;— 

tuba. 
Palm Sunday, n.: — d a m e ng g o n 

ramos. 
palpable, adj., adv.; obvious; easily 

perceived: — claro; comprendiyon. 
palpitation, n.; quiver; throb: — linau- 

lau. 
palpitation of the heart, n.: — bong- 
bong y corasdn. 
palBy, 71.; paralysis: — paralitico. 
paltry, adj.; worthless; contemptible: — 

tSibale. 
pan, n.; frying pan: — ^palanggana; sat- 

t^n; calaje. 
pan, n.; large size pan, about three feet in 

diameter: — calaje; palanggana. 
pancakes, n.; corn cakes: — titiyas. 
panic, n.; sudden fright: — ^Unijan. 
pant, V. i.; to gasp; to cough: — guja. 
pant, V. i.; to breathe hard: — ^jinago^ 

na f ejman. 
pantry, n.; provision closet: — aparadot 

ne^cand. 



papal 



D'2 



paymaster 



papal, adj.; pertaining to the Pope, or the 

Church of Rome {example, papal bleaj- 

ing: grasiau papa):— Beremonias y 

papa gui g^raa yiius. 
paper, n.: — ^p§,pet. 
parable, n.; example; eample:— 

ejemplo. 
parade, n.; military display: — parada. 
paradise, n.: — paralso; lafiguit; laiigit. 
parallel, adj.; having the same direction 

or tendency:— plnarejon y dos raya 

punt a a punt a. 
parasite, 71,; sponger: — didinag. 
parasol, n.; a lady's sunshade:— som- 

briya; payo. 
parcel, n.; a small bundle:— balut an; 

paquete. 
pardon, n.; forgiveness; absolution: — 

petdon; inasii. 
pardon, v. It.; to forgive:— asfi. 
pardonable, adj., adv.; excusable:— 

asiiyon. ,• 1 /. 

pare, v. ir.; to cut away Uttle by httle (to 

pare an apple): — sufan; ribana. 
parent, n.; a father or mother:— 

parientes. 
parenthesis, n.;— parent^sis. 
parish, n.:— paroquia. 
parish children, 71.;— feligreses. 
parochial register, n.: — canonica. 
parsonage, n.; rectory; vicarage:— 

curato. 
park,n.:— plasa; patque; plasa nae megae 

y dibetfli6n. 
parlor, n.; reception room; drawing 

room : — sal6n. 
parole, n.: word of honor:— palabra ru 

honrao. 
parson, n.; the incumbent of a parish; 

clergyman: — inamte; cura. 
p art , 71 . ,' information : — p at t e . 
part, n.; piece; something leas than the 

whole: — empfe. 

part, n.; side:— echongna. 

partake, v. i.; to take part; to share in 

common ii\ith others: — apatte. 
partial, adj., adv.; inclined to favor one 

side; biased: — patte. 
partible, cdj.,adv. /divisblo:— dibidiyon. 
participate, v. ir.; to divide; to make 

into parts; to share: — facai. 
particle, 71. an atom: — pedaaitos. 
particular, adj., adv.; dinvinct from 

others; individual:— taiparejo; 

sumajiiguo. 
particularly, adv.; in particular; upe- 

(•ialiy: — sumasajngfue; espesi^tmonte. 
parting, adj.; separating:- p&patte; na- 

desapatta. 
parting, n.; diviHion; a taking of leave:— 

nin£L}4nao; jinfinao; iiiddingo. 
partition, n.; division: — mafacai; 

finacai, . ,., . ., 

partition waOl, n.; division: — oibieion. 
partly, adv.; in part:— palo. 
partner, « : businens associate: — guma- 

cho^ 



party, n.:— pattidon; iinajyan. 

pass, n.: narrow pass; defile; low ground: 

low country:— gu^gsaWi; fin^guag- 

sal^; gu^gsal6. 
pass by (speaking of ^ parade or proces- 
sion), 1;. i.: — malofan y llcan; deafila. 
passage, n.; sieve; filter; inlet: — fan- 

jaluraan; pasaje. 
passenger, n.: — ^pasajero. 
passion, n.; strong deep feeling or excite- 
ment: — pasi6n. 
passion, n.; the Bufferings of Christ m his 

last agonies: — ^pasion. 
Passioia Sunday, ti.; the fifth Sunday m 

Lent: — damenggon pasi6n. 
Passion Week, n.; the week following 

Passion Sunday :—semanan pasi6n. 
passionate, ad?.; impetuous; given to 

anger:— jabubo; impetuoso; j^pinalala. 
past, adj.; gone by; completed:— upus.. 
past, n.; the time gone by: — y tiempa 

ni mHpos. 
past life, n.:— y mapos na bida; y 

jagae na bida. 
paste, 71.;- enggrudo. „ , n \ 

pastry (in the shape of small balls},, 

n.; — bofielos. 
pasture, n.,— pasto; pastaje. 
patch together, v. fr.:— jetbana; 

patche. 
path., n.; road; footway:— cay on; tina 

chalan. ^ 

pathetic, adj., adv.; touching:— papacha; 

tatac£i. -11 

patience, rt.; the quality of being calmly 

enduring; perseverance :^manesngon. 
patient, adj.; forbearing:— tai6son; ti 

bibubo. 
patient, adj., adv.; persevering:— 

mesngon. _ 

patient, adj., adv.; resigned :—sungon. 
patriarch, ti.; — patriatca. 
patriot, n.:—j gumu^iya y tanofia. 
patriotic, adj., adv.: — patri6tico. 
patriotism, n.; love of one's country:— 

patriotismo; giiinaiyan uno nt tanona. 
patrol, 71.; policeman going around to 

maintain order: — patruya. ^ 
patron, n.; protecU>r:— patron, 
patronize, v. tr.; to favor; to aid; to 

protect:— faborese. 
pattern, n.; a model; sample; specimen; 

anything cut out or marked ready to- 

bo copied: — c6pia; muestra. 
patterns (for seamstreBses), n.; fashion 

pictures:— figurln. ^ ^ 

pauper, n.; a poor person:- namase na 

taotao; pobre. 
pause, Ti.;— pausa; duda. 
pause, V. i.: — pumara; cumieta. 
paw, n.; the foot of an ammal with 

claws: — patas g§.ga. 
pay, V. tr.; to discharge a debt; to pay 

out:— abona. 
pay for, v. ir.; to discharge a debt; ta 

atone for: — apase; apaslye. 
paymaster, n.;— pagaddt. 



I \ 



peace 



93 



perspmng 



peace^ n.:— minaguem; pas. 

peace^ n./ quiet;, well-being; relief:— 

zxunajgpo^g; alfbio. 
peaceful, adj.^ adv.: — maguem; maj- 

gong; pasifico. 
peaceful) adj., adv.; taciturn: — f&fat- 

quilo. 
peak (of a hill), n.; top (of a mountain): — 

y Jil6 ogs6; puntan ogs6. 
peanut, n.: — cacag^uates. 
pear, n.: — peras. 
pearl, n.: — petlas. 
peasant, n.; farmer: — giiHguasan; lan- 

chero. 
pebble, n.; roundish stone: — redondo 

na achd; alutong. 
peck, V. ir.^ v, i.; to stab; to pierce; to 

stick: — dengcot. 
peculiar, acf;'., ad^.; appropriate; individ- 
ual ; strange : — esp esiat . 
pecuniary, adj.; pertaining to, or con- 
sisting of, money: — giiinaja. 
pedagogy, n.; the science of teaching: — 

tiningd-mam^ague . 
peddle, n.; to travel about, selling 

wares: — bende gui chalan. 
pedestrian, n.; one going on foot, or 

walking: — andad6t; peon (taotao nt 

mam6mocat) . 
peel, V. Ir.; to shave; to scrape: — guagse. 
peel, V. tr.; to skin: — lasas. 
peU-meU, adv.; confusedly; one crowd- 
ing the other:— conftisarcentej man- 

a,^choneg. 
pen, n.; feather; — ^pluma. 
pen, n.; a small inclosure; coop: — 

chiquero. 
penalty, n.; fine; legal punishment: — 

mutta. 
penance, n.: — penitSnsia. 
pencil, n.: — lapis, 
penetrate (needle, splinter, etc.), v. i-' — 

dochon. 
penetrate, v. tr.; to attack suddenly; 

to surprise (the enemy): — jatme. 
penetration, n.; sudden attack: — ji- 

natme. 
penitence, n.; repentance; contrition; — 

contrisi6n. 
penitent, n.: — cumomfesat; y ma- 

iiotsot. 
penitentiary, n,; state prison: — 

sagan-caatigo; Presidio (of Guam, at 

Asan). 
penman, n.; one who writes: — escri- 

biente. 
penmanship, n.; the art or style of 

writing:— boniton tinigui. 
penniless, adj.; without money; desti- 
tute: — til salapS. 
penny, n.; farthing; — cuadrante (rarely 

used). 
pension, n.: — ^pensi6n. 
penury, n.; poverty; want: — jailaa. 
people, n.; inhabitants; race; — taotao 

sija. 



pepper, n.: — ^pimienta; don4. 
perceive, v. tr., v. i.; to see; to look; to 

glance; — ^lii; lig. 
peremptory, adj., adv.; positive; final; 

decisive: — g^ littimo. 
perfect, adj., adv.; complete; absolute:— 

n&petfecto; eabales. 
perfect, v. tr.; to complete: — nt- 

eabales. 
perfection, n.; completeness;- quina- 

bales. 
perforate, v. tr.; to go through: — iseg> 
perform, v. tr.; to do or carry out: — 

ch6' gUe. 
perfume, n.: — ^p&upau. 
perfunctory, adj., adv.; done carelessly 

or negligently with the purpose of 

getting rid of the duty: — descuid£lo; 

mamolo. 
perhaps, adv., conj.; may be; by chance; 

haply :~~acaso; canS,^ juntguan; sinaja; 

jonaguiyon. 
peril, n.; danger; jeopardy: — peligro; 

riesgo. 
perilous, adj., adv.;^ dangerous; diffi- 
cult: — delicao; peligroso, 
period (grammatical), n.: — ^punto. 
period, n.; interval of time: — ^periodo; 

t^tmino. 
perish, v. i.; to lose one's life: — jalu- 

man; maliugo ja^niiia; malii^o; m^tai. 
perish with thirat, v. 'i.;— matai- 

perjure, v. %.; to swear falsely: — chat 
manjula. 

perjury, n.;— china tmanjula. 

permanent, adj.; lasting; durable: — 
petmanente. 

permission, n.; condescension; allow- 
ance: — ^petmiso; lisensia. 

permit, v. tr.; to consent; to allow; to 
give permission for: — consiente; pet- 
mite. 

perpendicular, adj.: — tacho; tunaa 
jul6. 

perpetual, adj.; never ceasing: — tai- 
littimo; siempre dura. 

persecute, v. tr.; to drive away; to 
put to flight; to pursue: — d^alag; 
petsigue. 

persecution, n.; pursuit: — pinetsigue; 
dinilalag. 

perseverance, n.: — minesngon; sini- 
siguija. , ^ 

persevering, (^dj.^ adv.: — mesngon. 

persist, v. %.; to persevere; to continue' 
steadily in any course: — sisiguijS,; 
usune. 

persistent, adj., adv.; steadfast; per- 
severing; constant; industrious; dili- 
gent; assiduous; sedulous: — apiic&o; 
meton. 

persistence, n.; constancy: — inisune. 

person, n.: — petsona. 

perspiring, adj., adv.; sweating: — masa- 
jalum. 



persuade 



94 



pleasure 



t 



persuade, v. tr.; to influence by argu- 
inent, advice, or entreaty: — conbense; 
Boy6; n^-osgon. 

persuade, v. tr.; to move the heart; — 

epog. 
per;made, v, tr.; to incite: — soy6. 
pertain to, v. tr.; to concern:— pet- 

tcnece; toca. 
pertinacity, n.; obstinacy; stub- 
bornness; — inlg^iiaguat. 
pertirrbation, n,; disquiet of mind: — ■ 

inatborota. 
perversity, n.; maligiiity: — china, tp a- 

yon; jinasngon; in^tlibes. 
pest, n.; epidemic; plague: — epidemia; 

pest':;. 
pestle, n,; rammer; beetle: — lemog; 

falo. 
pet, r. tr.; to fondle; to flatter; to caress:— 

nuna. 
petroleum, n.; kerosene: — petroleo. 
petticoat, n.: — guijen. 
petty, od}.; email; trifling:— diquiqui. 
pliarniaoy, n.: — ^fatmasia. 
phonograph, n.: — fonografo. 
phonograph record, n.; — ^platon fo- 

ndgrafd. 
photograph, n.: — litrato. 
photography, n.;— fotografia. 
phrase, n.; a part of a sentence;— f rase, 
phy^cian, n,;— medico, 
piano, n.; — piano, 
pick, n.; sharp-pointed tool: — pico; sa- 

capico. 
pick off, V. tr.; to gather; to pluck:— 

fanf§; tif§, 
pickle, V. tr.; to salt: — asne. 
pickle, V\ tr.; to preserve: — escabeche. 
picnic, n.: — picnic. 

picture, n,: — ^lUmina; estampa; plancha. 
picture, n.; model; figure; — flgura. 
pie, n.: — ^pastet. 
piece n.; part: — empS; pedaso. 
piece (of cloth), n.:— piesa. 
pier, n.; wharf; mole or jetty; a landing 
place projecting into the sea: — pan- 
talan; mueyo. 
pierce, v. tr.;' to pull through (a corl): — 

jotne. 
pierce through, r. tr.; to stick through; 
to make an opening into: — n4-S,dot- 
gan; dulug. 
piety, n.; devotion: — deboBi6n; dine- 

b')to. 
pig, n.: — bibui. 

pig, n.; wild boar:— bS-buin jalum-tand. 
pigeon, n.: — ^paluma. 
pigsty, n.; pen for pige: — chiqueron 

b&bui. 
piled up, adj.: — abutt&o; figuitclm. 
pill, 71.; medicine: — ^pitdora. 
pillage, V. tr.: — chulS^guan. 
piUar, n.; a column to support a build- 
ing: — jotcon, 
pillcw, n.: — ahnojada; alunan. 
pillowcase, n.; cover: — ^fundas. 
pilot, n.: — piloto. 



pilot, V. tr.; to guide:— pilotuye. 

pin, n.: — &tfilet, 

pinch, 'V. tr.; to tweak; to squeeze: — 

d§on. 
pine tree, n.; fir: — pino, 
pioneer, n.: — mamanunui; guia. 
pious, adj., adv.; religious; devout: — 

deboto. 
pipe (smoker's pipe), n.: — chigandS. 
pirate, n.: — pirata. 
pistol, n.: — pis tola, 
pit, n.; well: — joyo. 
pitch, n.;-T-pes. 
pitcher, n.; earthen vessel for holding 

water : — go tgore ta. 
pitchfork, n.:- — tenedot basula. 
pitiable, adj., adv.; deserving pity: — 

na^'piniti. 
pitiful, adj., adv.; miserable; lament- 
able: — chatsaga; na^maas^; tangaiyon. 
pity, 71.; sympathy; compassion: — nu- 

naase. 
pity, V, i.; to have compassion; to de- 
plore: — gai asi^; pinite. 
place, n.; location: — lugat; sagan; sa- 

gayan. 
plague, n.; epidemic: — epidemia; piaga; 

peste. 
plain, adj.: devoid of ornament: — yano; 

yanura; sensiyo. 
plains, 71.; — planas. 
plaintiff, n.; one who commences an 
action in a court of law: — acusad6t; 
demandadut. 
plait, n.; braid; tross: — filag. 
plan, n.; drawing; sketch: — dibujo; 

piano. 
planet, n.; a heavenly body revolving 

round the sun; — plane ta. 
plank, n.; thick board; — tablSn. 
plant, V. tr.: — tanme; tanuni. 
plant, V. tr.; to build; to till the fields; — 

planta. 
plantation, n.; field:— tinanum; tina- 

nom. 
plantation, n.; plowed ground; field: — 

guald; fangualfian. 
plaster, n.; chalk: — emplasto; yeao. 
plate, n.: — ^btmdeja; plato. 
play, n.; game: — juego; Uime. 
play, V. tr.; to play a musical instru- 
ment :—dandan. 
play, V. i.;— jugando; jumugando. 
play, V. tr.; to play cards: — fan balaja. 
play, V. i.; to play the mendicant; — 

unad^'chinid. ^ 

play, n.; trick: — salamangca. 
play, V. i.; to play with a top: — toloxupo* 
playing carda, n.: — balaja. 
plaza, n.; market place: — ^plasa. 
plead, V. tr.; to argue or reason: — toca; 

defiende jafa nu y rason* gagdgiie. 
pleaaaixt, adj., adv.; deligthful; agree- 
able: — ^nA'magof.. 
plea^ne, adj., adv.; agreeable; oblig- 
ing:— r&fatpai. 
pleasure, n.; gladness: — ^minagof. 



iplenliful 



05 



preciotts 



plentiful, adj.^ adv.; copious: — abvtn- 

pliable, adj., adv.; easily bent; flexible:— 

fLaba; ndujan, 
pliers, n.; small pinchers for holding 

small articles: — tlnasa. 
plot, n.; scheme: — sitio. 
plo-w, n., v.: — alado. 
pluck, V. i>F.; to pick off:— fanfe; itiiig; 

joca. 
plum tree, n.: — ensina; siluero. 
plumage, n.: — plumaje. 
plumber, n.: — ^latere; plomero. 
pUirap, adj.^ adv.; heavy, coarae: — 

bast OS. 
plunder, t;. tr.; to rob; to despoil: — 

amot. 
plunge down, v. i.; to be precipitated: — 

acfiaicag; yutd papS, gui janom. 
plural, n.; more than one: — plurat; 

megae. 
poach., V. %.; to trespass; to ahoot or steal 

game: — aaqui. 
poaclied egg, n.: — estreyas. 
pocket, n.: — botsa. 
pocketknife, n.: — ^nabaja. 
poetry, n.; poesy: — ^poesla. 
point, n.: — punta. 
point, V. if.; to sharpen (a pencil): — 

tasme. 
pointed, p. p.; sharp; adj., adv . ; keen: — 

acadidog, 
poison, n.: — ^bineno; jima. 
po:;E.'oa, v. i)\: — tiiieniiyo:: tiVi-^^Lv 
poisonous, adfj.;— 'jijuna; bineno; t^- 

tatse. 
pole, 71.; stake: — estaca; palo. 
pole (of a wagon), n.;— latgero. 
polish, V. ir.: — nS,-lamlani; nS,-fino; 

na-m^jlos. 
polished, arf?./ furbished: — lamlam; mdj- 

loa; puiido. 
polite, adj., adv.: — cottesano. 
politeness, n.: — cottesla. 
political, adj. adv.; pertaining to poli- 
tics: — ^politico, 
pond, n.; a pool of stagnant water: — 

bafiadero. 
pony, n.: — cabayito. 
pool, n.; body of stagnant water; swamp; 

lagoon: — jagoi; sisonyan; banadero. 
poop, n.; stern of ship: — ^popa. 
poor, adj.; needy; abandoned: — poble; 

dejao; maguem; miche; n4''maas6. 
poor man, n.; — nesesit^o. 
poor souls, n.: — &nlmas. 
pope, n.; the Holy Father: — papa; y 

santo papa. 
popular, adj. , adv.; pleasing to the people; 

plebeian: — magueftuuSgd. 
populace, n.; population; people: — ^pob- 

lasion; todo y tdotao gui eefigsofi^; B0fl|;- 

Bong pat eiud^. 
popularity, n.; general esteem: — 

magueftu^d; y magu^iyan yan ma- 

iingocon un tAotao, etc. 
porc^h, n.; portico; vestibule: — galeria. 



pores of the skin, n.: — ^madog 

t^taotao. 
pork, n.: — tosino; catnen b^bui. 
porous, adj.: — tangcala. 
port, n.; haven:— puetto. 
portable, adj.: — chulion. 
portion, n.; piece; part: — pedasltos; 

pedaso. 
portly, adj.: — yomog. 
pose, n.; attitude or position;— posa; 

posisi6n. 
position, n.: — posisidn. 
positive, adj., adv.; actual; direct:— 

magajet; positibo. 
possess, V. tr.; to have: — guaja. 
possession, n.: — giiinaja. 
possible, adj., adv.; practicable:— ti 

fajateg; f^tinason; posible; sumifia. 
possibly, adv.; nearly: — mojon; calan 

sumiiia. 
post, n.; pole: — estaco. 
post, 71.; guard; watchman: — guStdia. 
posterity, n.; issue; progeny: — desen- 

densia. 
postpone, v. tr.; to retard: — retatda; 

detiene. 
pot, n.; cooking kettle: — cantfiro; 

Ia-\iya. 
pot (used for boiling water), n.: - 

catdero. 
potato field, n.: — ^fangamutiyan. 
potatoes, n.: — -batatas. 
poTind (weight), n.: — ^libra. 
pound, v. tr,; to crush; to ram: — p$so:\. 
pour, V. tr.; to pour in: — chdme; naye. 
pour, V. tr.; to pour into a cup: — ate. 
pour, V. tr.; to pour out: — chud^; basia. 
poverty, n.; want; penury: — jailas; 

pineble. 
powder, n.: — ^potbola. 
power, n.; vigor; strength :—finette; 

nin^ina. 
powerful, adj., adv.; brave; mighty: — 

famoso; manjulat; metgot. , 
powerless, adj., adv.; weak (referring 

to human beings only): — daf^; ^''che- 

cho. 
practicable, adj., adv.; possible: — f$k~ 

tinason. 
practice, v. tr.; to occupy one*s self 

with: — tani. 
praise, n.: — tinina. 
praise, v. tr.; to laud; to commend: — 

alaba; alabado. 

praise, v. tr.; to honor; to approve: — 
tuna. 

praised, adj.; blessed: — ^bendito. 
praiseworthy, adj.: — tunayon. 
pray, v. L: — t§,yuyut. 
prayer, n.: — tinHtai; tin^Syuyut. 
prayer, n.; silent prayer: — tinait^ 
jinaluna. 

precede, v. tr.; to advance; to go be- 
fore :^n&-f6na; f6n^ig^e. 

precious, adj.; dear; expensive: — 
gu&iyayon; presioao; guiguan. 



precious 



96 



precious, adj.; valuable:— gV&guan; 
presioso. 

precipice, n.; a'oyss; chasm; guli;— 
can'uit. J' J 

precipitous, adj., ad^.; steep: — didog. 

precise, adj., adv.; exact; strict; accu- 
rate. — estricto. 

prefer, v. It.; to give the preference 
to:— ga5.aco; gaoco; iia,-f6na. 

prefer, v, tr.; to love:— gu^ya; guef- 

gudiva. ,. 

preference, n.; affection:— guinaiya. 
preferred, adj.; selected:— guinanye; 

niaaveg. 
prejudice, v. tr.; to deceive: — acacnaye; 

na-lamen; dague. 
premeditated, adj., adv.; designed:— 

adri'jde; calan majasugon. 
preparation, n.; preparedness:— pn- 

nepara; preparasi6n. 
prepare, v. ^r..-~aparejo; prepara. 
prepare, v. tr.; to prepare food; to sea- 
son: to roast; to broil:— guisa. 
prepare, r. Ir., v. i.; to make ready; to 
dispose; to arrange; to order:— dispone; 
na-iisto. 
prepare, v. tr.; to put in order; to rem- 

edA-:- flm^uleg; famduUque. 
prepared, adj., adv.; ready (for a ]our- 

nev'j: — atnaao; listo. 
prepared, adj.; ready:— listo; preparao. 
prescribe, v. ir.; to ordain; to dispose:— 

decreta. 
prescription, n.; recipe; receipt:— 

reseta. 
present, n.: regalo. 
present, adj.: — gS,igiie. 
present, v. tr.: — nlie; presenta. 
preserve, v. ir.; to pickle: — escabecne; 

na-rtiaog. 
pi'ess, V. ir,; clasp; oppress; afflict:— 

aprieta. 
press, r. ir.; to apply massage:— lasa. 
press d^fwn, r. tr.; to crush with the 

hand:— 30116. 
press in, v. i.; to crowd m; — afuettsas; 

guiuiumi. 
press out, r. ir.; to oppress:- jugum; 

sUiT^'; chiguet. 
press , out, r. ir.; to squeeze out:— 
danas; lugo. 



print, V. (r.;— impresa. 

printery, n.: — ^imprenta. 
prison, n.: — calaboso; prisi6n. 
prisoner, n.: — ^prisionero; tioteo cala- 

privilege, n.: — ^pribil6jio; labot; bene- 

fisio. , ^ „ . 

probable, adj., adv.; bkely:— jonggui- 

yon; jengguan. _ , ^ - 

probe, V. tr.; to investigate:- aberlgua. 
problem, ti.;— problema. 
proceed, v. i.; to advance: — jumanau. 
proceed! -go on!— sigue mona! sigue! 
proceedings, n.; relations:— tr at os. 
processicn, n.;— llicau. 
procure, v. tr.; to provide:— procur a. 
procure by eSort, v. tr.; to wm by 

conquest: — conquista. 
prodigal, adj., adv.; squandering; lav- 
ish: — despetdisido. . 
prodigality, n.; squandering; lavish- 

ness: — despetdSsio. 
produce, v. tr.; to bring forth; to create:— 

famta; nH-guaja; ni-juyoife. 
productive, adj., adv.; prolific; truittui; 

fertile:— mamama. . ^m 

productive, adj., adv.; yielding; fertile; 

rich:— ganansioso. _ 

production, n.; generation:— 1 i n 1 1 1 s ; 

maiilis. 
profane, v. tr.; to desecrate:- profana. 
profess, V. tr.; to profess religious belief:— 

c6mfesat; sangan claro. 
profession, n.; trade; craft:— conbe- 

n^nsia. , •,» ji 

proficient, adj.; qualified; skilled:— 
n&^sifLa; adelantio. 

profit, n.; gain; benefit:— probeclio. 

profitable, adj., adi!..— gai gan&nsia. 

progeny, n.; posterity; issue:— desen- 
dSnsia; tatate. - , ,. * 

prohibit, t. tr.; to forbid:— choma; 
projibe; pruibe. .^, ■ 

prohibited; adj.; impossible; imprac- 
ticable:— chaot; chdchaot. 

prohibition, n.; interdiction:— mat ot- 

project {emmple: the tiles of the roof 
* project), V. i.: — nialofan-mdna; so- 

sobbla-mona. , . ^ , , ^-, 

proUfic; adj., adv.; fruitful; fertile:— 



1 



%'re^S&'^ "''■' "'"'* ^""'"^'^^^ ! pro1S??^f «l;- very high:-tagajl6; 
pretend, i. ^r.:— cad6. ^r^sen -vow:- proniesa;prinemete. 

prote:ise,n.; excuse:— escusa. Ko^«!' r fr • to give hopes of:— 

pretty, adj., adv.; neat; n.ce:-dudus; P^oiais^^,^^t ' tr., give p 

bonita. [ ^„*1— -,*<» v tr • to advance: to raise to 

pretty, orf^. «rf, .; fair; handsome:- | promote .^^>^toM. ^^^. 

gadDo; gatbo. . ^'t- 

'"'''uS\f o' '^'■"■' ^'*''''"'"'' '■''*"""'"""■ i prompt, arfj., adv.; agile; quick :-cha- 
prlvlat^'ir.; to impede; to hinder:- j J^^^i^f^. ^ ^^ . ^^ „ticulate:-pro- 

estotba, | *' -^^jj^jg, • 

price, /(..—prgsio. .„„* i Broof n *— ftn&ntie; prueba. 



principally, adv.; mainly:— pnnsipat- 
mexite. 



propagation, ».;— pinSgsai; mihamta. 



proper 



97 



proper, adj,; correct: — prdpio. 

property, n.: — g^Uinaja. 

prophesy, v. tr.; to tell one's fortune: — 

adibina; sangan antes. 
prophet, 71.; — ^profeta. 
proportion, n.: — ^inaya; chiniloiig; pro- 

potsi6n. _ ^ ^ 

proportional adj.; equal: — chilong. 
propose^ V. tr.: — sangan; propone. 
proposition, n.; — sinangan. 
proprietor, n.; owner: — duefio. 
propriety, n.; fitness:— conbenSnsia. 
prosecute, v. tr.; to persecute: — d^alag. 
prosper, v. %.; to thrive: — lumdla- 

guaja. 
prosper, v. %.; to make progress: — 

adelanta. 
protect, V. tr.; to shelter: — ampara; 

gogiie; proteje; saguane. 
protect, V. tr.; to favor: — faboreae; 

proteje. 
protection, n,; guard:— goinegiie. 
protection, n.; patronage; favor; — fabot; 

finaborese; protecsi6n, 
protector, n.; defender: — guIgo^Ue. 
protege, n.; child to be baptized: — 

jado; jada. 
protest, V. i.; to remonstrate: — ^protesta. 
proud, adj., adv.; haughty: — sobetbio. 
prove, V. tr.; to show; to demonstrate; 

to evince: — ^f^nlie, 
provide, v. tr.; to sustain: — abia. 
provide for, v. tr.; to care for: — de- 

sempefla; nii-guajaye. 
province, n.: — ^probfnsia. 
provision, v. tr.; to supply with food: — 

na-gae-nS.; n^-gae tengguang. 
provoke, v. tr.: — nSf-calojS.; n&-ma- 

majlao; atborota. 
provoked, adj.; angry: — niani4jlao; 

bubn. 
provoMng, adj.; challenging: — probo- 

catibo; atborotao. 
prudent, adj., adv.; wise: — faye. 
public, adj., ac??;.; celeb rated: — ^majngog. 
public, adj., adv.; common; general:— 

comfin; publico, 
publish, V. tr.: — agangiiaijon. 
puddle, n.; mud puddle: — fanatas- 

cayan; atasca; fanfachlan; fachg. 
pull, V. tr.: — caicai; jala. 
p\ill, V. tr.; to pull naila: — desclaba. 
pull, v. tr.; to pull out the hair:— gap ot. 
pull, V. tr.; to pull out by the roots: — jal§. 
puli down, V. tr.; to throw over: — ttigufi.. 
pull down, V. tr.; to draw down: — 

chapag. 



puU out, V, tr,; to sprain (a joint):— 

lagpiua. 
pull out, V. tr.; to draw out: — gosne. 
pull through, V. tr.: — ensatta. 
piiUey, n.; tackle: — ^lich'eug. 
pulpit, n.; — atrit; piitpito. 
pulse, n.: — potso. 
pump,,n..* — ^bomba. 
pumpkin, n.: — calamasa. 
punctual, arfj., adv.; zealous: — cumplido- 
puncture, n.: — sumi; madog. 
punish, V. tr.; to chastise: — castiga. 
punishment, n.; torment: — castigo. 
puny, flrf;.;weak: — debit, 
pupil, n.: — disipulo. 
purchase, n.: — finajan. 
purchase, n.: — flnajan. 
purchase, v. tr.; to get for a price; to 

buy: — fa Jan. 
purchasable, adj.; for sale: — fajanon. 
pure, adj., adv.; unadulterated: — puro. 
purgative, n.; cathartic medicine: — 

potga. 
purify, V. tr.; to cleanse: — n^^-gasgas. 
purity,?!.; cleanness: — guinasgas. 
purloin, v. tr.; to steal:— fan-entayag; 

saque. 
purport, n.; meaning; design; — jina- 

suye; dinetetmina. 
purse, n.; receptacle for money:— 

botsa; pottamoneda. 
pursue, v,'tr.; to persecute: — dlilalag. 
pursuit, n.; chase: — petsigui. 

pus, n.; matter: — chugS. 

pUBh, V. tr.; to crowd: — siing. 

push, V, tr., V. i.; to thrust; to push 

away : — choneg. 
push along, v. tr.; to drive on; to impel; 

to make the lamp burn brighter: — 

atisa. 
pushcart, n.; handcart: — caretiya, 
put forward, v. tr.; to discover: — 

deacubre. 
put in, V. tr.; to lay in; to bring in:— 

n^-jMum. 
put in order, v. tr.; to remedy: — alifia; 

famduleg; famaulique. 
put oSf, V. tr.; to postpone: — nfi.-abmam. 
put on, V. tr.; to wear (a garment):— 

cachet, 
put on, V. %.; to put on shoes: — catsa. 
put to sleep, V. tr.: — na,-in&igd. 
putty, n.: — galagala. 
puzzle, n.: — guinadon. 
pygmy, n.; dwarf: — nano. 



Q- 



quack, n.; charlatan; fakir: — mani&- 

bababa. 
quadrangular, adj.; four-cornered; 

square ; — cuadrao . 
quadruped, n.: — cuatro-patas. 
quail, n.:— codotnis; ben^beng. 
quake, v. %.; to tremble; to shake: — 

ma yef^yofig; laulau. 



quake, n.; earthquake: — yengyong; 

linau. 
qualification, n.; quality or endowment 

(as to fitness for a position or office): — 

calificasidn. 
qualify, v. %.; to render fit for an office or 

position: — ma nSr-ma-uleg; n:\-fanu- 

£g6; na,- tomtom. 



proper 



97 



proper, adj,; correct: — prdpio. 

property, n.: — g^Uinaja. 

prophesy, v. tr.; to tell one's fortune: — 

adibina; sangan antes. 
prophet, 71.; — ^profeta. 
proportion, n.: — ^inaya; chiniloiig; pro- 

potsi6n. _ ^ ^ 

proportional adj.; equal: — chilong. 
propose^ V. tr.: — sangan; propone. 
proposition, n.; — sinangan. 
proprietor, n.; owner: — duefio. 
propriety, n.; fitness:— conbenSnsia. 
prosecute, v. tr.; to persecute: — d^alag. 
prosper, v. %.; to thrive: — lumdla- 

guaja. 
prosper, v. %.; to make progress: — 

adelanta. 
protect, V. tr.; to shelter: — ampara; 

gogiie; proteje; saguane. 
protect, V. tr.; to favor: — faboreae; 

proteje. 
protection, n,; guard:— goinegiie. 
protection, n.; patronage; favor; — fabot; 

finaborese; protecsi6n, 
protector, n.; defender: — guIgo^Ue. 
protege, n.; child to be baptized: — 

jado; jada. 
protest, V. i.; to remonstrate: — ^protesta. 
proud, adj., adv.; haughty: — sobetbio. 
prove, V. tr.; to show; to demonstrate; 

to evince: — ^f^nlie, 
provide, v. tr.; to sustain: — abia. 
provide for, v. tr.; to care for: — de- 

sempefla; nii-guajaye. 
province, n.: — ^probfnsia. 
provision, v. tr.; to supply with food: — 

na-gae-nS.; n^-gae tengguang. 
provoke, v. tr.: — nSf-calojS.; n&-ma- 

majlao; atborota. 
provoked, adj.; angry: — niani4jlao; 

bubn. 
provoMng, adj.; challenging: — probo- 

catibo; atborotao. 
prudent, adj., adv.; wise: — faye. 
public, adj., ac??;.; celeb rated: — ^majngog. 
public, adj., adv.; common; general:— 

comfin; publico, 
publish, V. tr.: — agangiiaijon. 
puddle, n.; mud puddle: — fanatas- 

cayan; atasca; fanfachlan; fachg. 
pull, V. tr.: — caicai; jala. 
p\ill, V. tr.; to pull naila: — desclaba. 
pull, v. tr.; to pull out the hair:— gap ot. 
pull, V. tr.; to pull out by the roots: — jal§. 
puli down, V. tr.; to throw over: — ttigufi.. 
pull down, V. tr.; to draw down: — 

chapag. 



puU out, V, tr,; to sprain (a joint):— 

lagpiua. 
pull out, V. tr.; to draw out: — gosne. 
pull through, V. tr.: — ensatta. 
piiUey, n.; tackle: — ^lich'eug. 
pulpit, n.; — atrit; piitpito. 
pulse, n.: — potso. 
pump,,n..* — ^bomba. 
pumpkin, n.: — calamasa. 
punctual, arfj., adv.; zealous: — cumplido- 
puncture, n.: — sumi; madog. 
punish, V. tr.; to chastise: — castiga. 
punishment, n.; torment: — castigo. 
puny, flrf;.;weak: — debit, 
pupil, n.: — disipulo. 
purchase, n.: — finajan. 
purchase, n.: — flnajan. 
purchase, v. tr.; to get for a price; to 

buy: — fa Jan. 
purchasable, adj.; for sale: — fajanon. 
pure, adj., adv.; unadulterated: — puro. 
purgative, n.; cathartic medicine: — 

potga. 
purify, V. tr.; to cleanse: — n^^-gasgas. 
purity,?!.; cleanness: — guinasgas. 
purloin, v. tr.; to steal:— fan-entayag; 

saque. 
purport, n.; meaning; design; — jina- 

suye; dinetetmina. 
purse, n.; receptacle for money:— 

botsa; pottamoneda. 
pursue, v,'tr.; to persecute: — dlilalag. 
pursuit, n.; chase: — petsigui. 

pus, n.; matter: — chugS. 

pUBh, V. tr.; to crowd: — siing. 

push, V, tr., V. i.; to thrust; to push 

away : — choneg. 
push along, v. tr.; to drive on; to impel; 

to make the lamp burn brighter: — 

atisa. 
pushcart, n.; handcart: — caretiya, 
put forward, v. tr.; to discover: — 

deacubre. 
put in, V. tr.; to lay in; to bring in:— 

n^-jMum. 
put in order, v. tr.; to remedy: — alifia; 

famduleg; famaulique. 
put oSf, V. tr.; to postpone: — nfi.-abmam. 
put on, V. tr.; to wear (a garment):— 

cachet, 
put on, V. %.; to put on shoes: — catsa. 
put to sleep, V. tr.: — na,-in&igd. 
putty, n.: — galagala. 
puzzle, n.: — guinadon. 
pygmy, n.; dwarf: — nano. 



Q- 



quack, n.; charlatan; fakir: — mani&- 

bababa. 
quadrangular, adj.; four-cornered; 

square ; — cuadrao . 
quadruped, n.: — cuatro-patas. 
quail, n.:— codotnis; ben^beng. 
quake, v. %.; to tremble; to shake: — 

ma yef^yofig; laulau. 



quake, n.; earthquake: — yengyong; 

linau. 
qualification, n.; quality or endowment 

(as to fitness for a position or office): — 

calificasidn. 
qualify, v. %.; to render fit for an office or 

position: — ma nSr-ma-uleg; n:\-fanu- 

£g6; na,- tomtom. 



quality 



i 



98 rapture 



quality, n.; kind: — clase. 

qualm of conscience, n.: — chinacliat- 

jinaso. 
quantity, n.: — cantida; min4gae. 
quarantine, n.; — cuarentena. 
quarrel, v. i.; dispute; to contradict; to be 

at variance; to disagree; — &guaguat; 

apuiai; mumu. 
quarrel, n.; contention;— uinS.guaguat. 
quarrel, n.; obstacle; difficulty; vexa- . 

tion; chagrin; indignation: — disgust o. 
quarrelsome, adj. ^ adv.: — tagTnomyon; 

tag-momye; gi-mimo. 
quarry, n.; stone quarry; cascajo quar- 

r)'^:— fanachftan; cascajo; chgch6achd. 
quart, n.; quarter of a gallon; a meas- 
ure :— cuatto. 
quarter (of the moon), n.: — cuatto, 
quarter-deck (of a ship), n.:— san 

tate. 
queen, n.: — r&ina. 

query, n.; question: — finSisen; questi6n. 
question, v. tr,^ v. i.; to ask; to interro- 
gate : — f aisen. 
question, v. %.; to hesitate; to doubt: — 

duda; buebuente. 
question, n.; matter of dispute: — ques- 

tidn. 
questionable, odj.^ adv.; undecided; 

undetermined; doubtful; dubious; — 

dudoso. 
quick, adj., adv.; agile; prompt: — chadig; 



quick, adj., adv.; brisk; alert;— maca- 
lamya; calamya, 

quick, adj., adv.; speedy; — sajyau.^ 

quick, adj., adv.; swift; fleet: — gusl. 

quickly, adv.; soon; swiftly; — ti-abmam. 

quickness, n.; speed; activity: — ^ni listo; 
minacaMmya. 

quicksilver, n.: — aB6gue. 

quicksilver, v. tr.; to cover with quick- 
silver: — asoguiye. 

quiet, V. %.; to quiet down; to become 
cool: — mamatquilo; mdpau. 

quiet, ddj., adv.; calm; at rest; tran- 
quil; — mamatqufquilo; tranquilo; cat- 
ma. ^ 

quiet, V. tr.; to heal: — n&-majgong. 

quiet, adj.f adv.; peaceful; tranquil; 
healthy : — majgong; saludab le . 

quiet, V. tr.; to relieve; to alleviate: — 
n&.-laina3gofig; allbia. 

quill, n.; — pulon-pajaro. 

quilt, n.; coverlet; counterpane — sobre 
cama. 

quilting seam, n.: — jinetbana; itbana. 

quit, V. ir.; to leave behind; to forsake; 
to desert; to abandon; to leave: — 
desampara; dingo; j^dlo. 

quiver, n.; throb; palpitation :-~14ulau. 

quiz, V. ir.; to question: — frijon; ade- 
binaye. 

quote, V. tr.; to adduce a passage from 
some author or speaker: — sit a; sangan. 

quote, V. ir.; to give the current price of; 
to make an offer : — ofrese. 



R. 



rabble, n.; noisy crowd or mob: — 

atborotao; man boroquento. 
race, n,; contest of speed: — carera. 
race, n.; sex; breed; variety: — rasa, 
racket, n.; tennis racket: — panag tenis. 
radiance, n.; brightness; luster: — min^- 

gas; Unamlam; min&,lag. 
radiant, adj., adv.; emitting rays of 

light or heat: — mlLlag; mamalag; figan, 
radiotelegraphy, n.: — telegraiia de 

radio, 
radish, n.: — rabanos. 
raffle, n.; lottery:— rif a; loteria. 
rafter, n.; inclined beam (or bamboo 

rods) supporting the roof of a house: — 

tijeraa-guma. 
rag, n.; a fragment of cloth: — talapos. 
rage, v. i.;— rabia; bubo; lalald. 
shagged, oflj.; rent or worn into rags; 

destitute: — gof matiteg; masapalang; 

jatalapos. 
rsuls, n.; wooden or iron bar fence: — 

rejas. 
railing, n.; balustrade made of pillars; 

edge of billiard table: — ^balandiyas. 
railroad, n.; — ^fero carit. 
railroad train, n.: — fero carit. 
rain, n.: — ^uchan. 
rain, v. %.; to fall in drops from the 

clouds :—^-uchan. 



rainy, adj.: — chat§,an. 

rainy season, n.:- — fan uchanan; fa 

iiata-anan. 
raise, v. tr.; to lift up; to pick up (from 

the floor); to erect:— Jatsa; cajat. 
rake, n.: — painen basula. 
rally, v. tr.; to collect and arrange: — 

nia-fS,mauleg; ma-aregla. 
ram, n.: — peson. 

ram, v. tr.; to stick; to stab: — togcbS,. 
ramble, v. %.; to wander or rove about: — 

buetta; otadnon, 
rammer, n.; beetle; pestle:— falo. 
ramrod, n.;gun3tick:"^baqueta; baque- 

tan paque. 
I ranch., n.; farm: — lancho. 
i rancid, adj.^ adv.; fetid: — rlLnsio; bijo; 

majangul. 
range, n.; kitchen range; stove: — fogon. 
rank, n.; position; grade: — ^ramo; grado, 
rap, v. tr. v. %.; to strike a quick, sharp 

blow; knock: — atan; adag; dacut. 
rapacious, adj.; greedy; avaricious: — 

hambriento; mAtai iialai^. 
rapid, adj., adv.; very quick; swift: — 

8&jyayau; giisis!; chddideg; sajyau; 

guei; cha'deg. 
rapture, n.; extreiiie pleasure or de- 
light: — flttimon minagof. 



quality 



i 



98 rapture 



quality, n.; kind: — clase. 

qualm of conscience, n.: — chinacliat- 

jinaso. 
quantity, n.: — cantida; min4gae. 
quarantine, n.; — cuarentena. 
quarrel, v. i.; dispute; to contradict; to be 

at variance; to disagree; — &guaguat; 

apuiai; mumu. 
quarrel, n.; contention;— uinS.guaguat. 
quarrel, n.; obstacle; difficulty; vexa- . 

tion; chagrin; indignation: — disgust o. 
quarrelsome, adj. ^ adv.: — tagTnomyon; 

tag-momye; gi-mimo. 
quarry, n.; stone quarry; cascajo quar- 

r)'^:— fanachftan; cascajo; chgch6achd. 
quart, n.; quarter of a gallon; a meas- 
ure :— cuatto. 
quarter (of the moon), n.: — cuatto, 
quarter-deck (of a ship), n.:— san 

tate. 
queen, n.: — r&ina. 

query, n.; question: — finSisen; questi6n. 
question, v. tr,^ v. i.; to ask; to interro- 
gate : — f aisen. 
question, v. %.; to hesitate; to doubt: — 

duda; buebuente. 
question, n.; matter of dispute: — ques- 

tidn. 
questionable, odj.^ adv.; undecided; 

undetermined; doubtful; dubious; — 

dudoso. 
quick, adj., adv.; agile; prompt: — chadig; 



quick, adj., adv.; brisk; alert;— maca- 
lamya; calamya, 

quick, adj., adv.; speedy; — sajyau.^ 

quick, adj., adv.; swift; fleet: — gusl. 

quickly, adv.; soon; swiftly; — ti-abmam. 

quickness, n.; speed; activity: — ^ni listo; 
minacaMmya. 

quicksilver, n.: — aB6gue. 

quicksilver, v. tr.; to cover with quick- 
silver: — asoguiye. 

quiet, V. %.; to quiet down; to become 
cool: — mamatquilo; mdpau. 

quiet, ddj., adv.; calm; at rest; tran- 
quil; — mamatqufquilo; tranquilo; cat- 
ma. ^ 

quiet, V. tr.; to heal: — n&-majgong. 

quiet, adj.f adv.; peaceful; tranquil; 
healthy : — majgong; saludab le . 

quiet, V. tr.; to relieve; to alleviate: — 
n&.-laina3gofig; allbia. 

quill, n.; — pulon-pajaro. 

quilt, n.; coverlet; counterpane — sobre 
cama. 

quilting seam, n.: — jinetbana; itbana. 

quit, V. ir.; to leave behind; to forsake; 
to desert; to abandon; to leave: — 
desampara; dingo; j^dlo. 

quiver, n.; throb; palpitation :-~14ulau. 

quiz, V. ir.; to question: — frijon; ade- 
binaye. 

quote, V. tr.; to adduce a passage from 
some author or speaker: — sit a; sangan. 

quote, V. ir.; to give the current price of; 
to make an offer : — ofrese. 



R. 



rabble, n.; noisy crowd or mob: — 

atborotao; man boroquento. 
race, n,; contest of speed: — carera. 
race, n.; sex; breed; variety: — rasa, 
racket, n.; tennis racket: — panag tenis. 
radiance, n.; brightness; luster: — min^- 

gas; Unamlam; min&,lag. 
radiant, adj., adv.; emitting rays of 

light or heat: — mlLlag; mamalag; figan, 
radiotelegraphy, n.: — telegraiia de 

radio, 
radish, n.: — rabanos. 
raffle, n.; lottery:— rif a; loteria. 
rafter, n.; inclined beam (or bamboo 

rods) supporting the roof of a house: — 

tijeraa-guma. 
rag, n.; a fragment of cloth: — talapos. 
rage, v. i.;— rabia; bubo; lalald. 
shagged, oflj.; rent or worn into rags; 

destitute: — gof matiteg; masapalang; 

jatalapos. 
rsuls, n.; wooden or iron bar fence: — 

rejas. 
railing, n.; balustrade made of pillars; 

edge of billiard table: — ^balandiyas. 
railroad, n.; — ^fero carit. 
railroad train, n.: — fero carit. 
rain, n.: — ^uchan. 
rain, v. %.; to fall in drops from the 

clouds :—^-uchan. 



rainy, adj.: — chat§,an. 

rainy season, n.:- — fan uchanan; fa 

iiata-anan. 
raise, v. tr.; to lift up; to pick up (from 

the floor); to erect:— Jatsa; cajat. 
rake, n.: — painen basula. 
rally, v. tr.; to collect and arrange: — 

nia-fS,mauleg; ma-aregla. 
ram, n.: — peson. 

ram, v. tr.; to stick; to stab: — togcbS,. 
ramble, v. %.; to wander or rove about: — 

buetta; otadnon, 
rammer, n.; beetle; pestle:— falo. 
ramrod, n.;gun3tick:"^baqueta; baque- 

tan paque. 
I ranch., n.; farm: — lancho. 
i rancid, adj.^ adv.; fetid: — rlLnsio; bijo; 

majangul. 
range, n.; kitchen range; stove: — fogon. 
rank, n.; position; grade: — ^ramo; grado, 
rap, v. tr. v. %.; to strike a quick, sharp 

blow; knock: — atan; adag; dacut. 
rapacious, adj.; greedy; avaricious: — 

hambriento; mAtai iialai^. 
rapid, adj., adv.; very quick; swift: — 

8&jyayau; giisis!; chddideg; sajyau; 

guei; cha'deg. 
rapture, n.; extreiiie pleasure or de- 
light: — flttimon minagof. 



rare 



99 



recreation 



i ; 



rare, adj., adv.; unusual; — escaso; jasan; 

raro; ralo. 
rashf adj., adv.; hasty, incautious: — 

pinalala; j^pinalala. 
rash, n.; an eruption of the skin:~loclog 

jaga; ronchas. 
rat (the Norway, or brown, rat), n.;— 
ch.§LC& (mouse; chacan dfquiqul: small 
rat). 
rate, n.; ratio; proportion: — poco mas 6 

menos; a rason de. 
rather, adj.; much more; to the con- 
trary: — mas bien; maulegna. 
rather, adv.; sooner; more willingly: — • 

m,as bien; gusSna; chadegna. 
ration, n.; — pattida; rasion. 
rational, adj., adv.; agreeable to reason; 

wise; judicious: — minagofna; confot- 

mena. 
rattle, n.: — matraca. 
rattle in the throat, v. i.: — 161osos, 
rat trap, n.: — 6codon ch&ca. 
ravage, v. tr.; to lay waste; to pillage: — 

manyuyut^; man despetdisia. 
rave, v. i.; to rage as a madman: — bubon 

inatmariao. 
raven, n.: — aga. 
ravenous, adj., adv.; greedy; voracious: — 

goloso; hambriento. 
raw, adj.; uncooked; crude; sore: — mati,; 

ti masa, 
ray, n.; a line or pencil of light:— rayo; 

linian inina. 
raze, v. tr.; to level to the ground; to blot 

out: — rasa; funas. 
razor, n.; pocketknife:— nahdja' 
reach, v. tr.; to accomplish; to obtain; to 

attain; to follow: — consigue; tacll; jag6. 
reach, v. tr., v. i.; to grasp: — gacha; 

jacot. 
read, t?. i.; to pray: — tS,itai. 
ready, adj., adv.; finished; conaplete: — 

monjayan; esta listo. 
ready, cdj., adv.; prepared at the mo- 
ment: — monjan; monjayan; magp6. 
ready I interj.: — 6stal y6sta! 
real, adj.; actually existing; genuine:^ 

magajet; minagajet; pr6pio. 
real estate, n,; land and all pertaining 

thereto: — ^propiedS-d tan6. 
realization, n.; accomplishment: — 

jinaso; ma jaso. 
realizfe, v. tr.; to make real or actual: — 

nS.-magajet. 
really, adv.; with actual existence; in 

truth: — ^magajejetj realmente (Sp.). 
realm, n.; state; enipire: — impSrio. 
reap, v. tr.; to cut with a scythe: — yabau. 
rear, n.; the part behind me rest; last in 

order: — tate; san tate. 
reason, n.; common sense: — ras6n. 
reasonable, adj., adv.; equitable; fair; 

low-priced; suitable; cheap: — barato; 

raaonable. 
reasonable, adj., adv.; sensible; — raso- 

nable; gai rason. 



rebel, v. tr., v. %.; to mutiny; to revolt; to 

assail; to seize; to attack: — embeste; 

jumatsamiento; jataanuento, 
rebellion, n.; tumuli; insurrection;— 

jatsamiento. 
rebellious, adj., adv.; mutinous: — gai 

jumatsamiento; lembeste. 
rebound, v. i.; to recoil: — ^rebotbida. 
rebuke, n.; reprimand: — laiatde. 
rebuke, v. tr,; to reprimand; to chide: — 

lalatde. 
recall, v, tr.; to call back; to revoke: — 

nH.-md3fi,ao; talo tate; mijnao. 
recant, v. ir.; to deny: — pune. 
recede (water), v. tr., v. i.; to become 

dry: — apan. 
receipt, n.; acceptance: — rinesibe; re- 

sibo; acsepta; chule. 
receipt, n.; reception: — resibo; chule. 
receive, v. ir.; to accept: — resibe; 

acsepta. 
receive, v. tr.; to catch; to seize: — 

ch3.jlau; jacot, 
recent, adj.; of late origin; new: — ti 

abmam; ti abmam jH. 
receptacle, n,; vessel: — nftyan; sdjguan. 
reception, n.; entertainment: — dibet- 

si6n; minagof. ^ 

recital, n.; narrative :^sinangan. 
recite, v. ir.; to repeat aloud from 

memory : — dinimem6ria. 
reckless, adj., adv.; heedless of conse- 
quences; careless: — ti y6daje; are- 

batdo. 
recklessness, n.; heedlessness; careless- 
ness: — descuidSfO; tai inadaje. 
reckon, v. tr.; to count or compute: — 

tufong; mangfo^. 
recline, v. %.; to rest; to repose: — apii; 

ap6; descansa. 
recognizance, n.; avowal; acknowledg- 
ment: — ^nireconose. 
recognize, v. tr.; to acknowledge: — 

reconose. 
recollect, v. tr.; to call to memory: — 

jaso; man jaso. 
recommend, v. tr.; commend: — reco- 

mienda. 
recommendation^ n.: — ^r e c o m e n - 

dasi6n. 
reconcile, v. tr,; to atone; to expiate; 

to make reparation; to give satisfac- 
tion; to pay; — empas; nH-d-f&mduleg. 
reconnoiter, v. tr.: — espia; man espia. 
record, n.; register; public document: — 

rejistro.. 
record, v. tr.; to mark down; to note 

down : — apunta. 
recover, v, %.; to amuse one's self: — 

tathon; tumatnon. 
recover, v. i.; to recover from sickness: — 

jomld; numS,lo, 
recovery, n.; restoration to health: — 

Jinemld; numlllo. 
recreation, n.; amusement; refreshment 

after toil:— descanson y ch6ch6i. 



recndt 



100 



reluctant 



recruit, n.;— recluta. 

rectify, v. tr,; to correct; to set right: — 

corije; ni-dinanche; rectefica. 
rector, n.; clergyman ;^-cura, 
rectory, n.; parsonage; vicarage: — 

curato. 
recuperate, v, i,; to become leaa se- 
vere: — mago]^; Idmagong. 
recur, v. %.; to return to the mind: — 

talon jumaso. 
red, adj.: — agagS.. 
red, aaj.; sun-burned: — dfi-gua. 
reddish, odj.^ adv.; ruddy: — ^m eye 

agag§,; medio agag^; atagS,. 
redemption, n.; release; ransom: — 

re dime, 
redress, n.; relief ; reparation of wrong; — 

mi famduleg y nilache. 
reduce, v. tr.; to diminish; to make 
smaller: — na-la-diquiqui; rebaja; re- 
duse. 
reduction, n.; diminution: — nirebaja; 

dinesminuye . 
reed, n.; bamboo; cane:— piao; piau. 
reed pipe, n.; bamboo pipe: — clugando 

piau; tubon piau. 
reef the sails, v. fr.;— riso y layag. 
reel, n.; angler's implement; bobbin: — 

para mamalulon. 
refer, v. i.; to allude: — refiere. 
refine, v. tr.; to separate from impurities; 
to educate or improve: — refina; na- 
gasgas. 
refit, r. tr.; to prepare afresh:— na- 

nuebo. 
reflect upon, r. tr., i). i.; to be of the 
opinion; to imagine; to conjecture; to 
think; to cogitate:— jaso; pinarejon 
jinaso. 
reflect, v. f; to reflect lightly; to rever- 

b erate i sound ) ; — ^rebotbida. 
reflect, v. tr., v. i.; to throw back rays 

of light: — reflejo. 
reform, v. i.: — naafiotsot; ni-fafiotsot. 
reform, v. i.; to make better; to cor- 
rect:— enmienda; nMdaaentado; re- 
fotma. 
refract, v. tr.; to break the natural 
course of (light, viaion, etc.):— jome. 
refractory, arfj.,orfv./ stubborn; coarse:- 

^guagriat. 
refrain, v. tr.; to abstain from action: — 

sustiene. 
refresh, v. tr.; to reinvigorate; to re- 
store: — nlt-lSiresco; refresco. 
ref resiling, adj., arfv.; cool; fresh;- 

refreresco; fresco; dalibia. 
refreshment, n.; — nirefreaco. 
refrigerate, v. tr.; to cool; — na-fresco; 

na-maner7;<jeiTg. 

refrigerator, n.; ice box: — garapifiera. 

refuge, n.; protection from danger or 

distress :—fanUji^an; refiijio; fana- 

togguan; fanatugan. 

refuge, v. i.; to take refuge :~refu3iar; 

atog; lijeiig. 
refuge, n.; place of refuge; retrca.,; 
at^vMirn— liieTi>! fiin liiliT&an. 



refusal, n.; rejection:— pinine; riniusa. 

refuse, v. tr.; to decline; to reject: — 
reuaa; puni. 

refuse, n.; excrement: — tdlSr; ind^lacha. 

regiun, v. tr.; to recover possession of; 
to get back: — chuld taio. 

regard, v. tr.; to heed; to esteem: — 
repara. 

regardless of that, conj.; notwith- 
standing: — sin eso; sin enao; descui- 
dao. 

rSgime, n.; mode or system of govern- 
ment: — guinibietna; manera de pre- 
seder. 

regiment, n.: — rejimiento; batayon 
(battalion). 

region, n.; tract of country: — rejion; 
pedason tand. 

registrar, n.; official who keeps a rec- 
ord : — ^registrad6t. 

regret, n.; mental sorrow: — siente; 
sentimiento. 

regret, II. tr.; to rue; to be sorry for; 
to repent: — ^muxnanotsot; fanotgot; 
puminite. 

regular, adj., adv.; uniform; methodi- 
cal: — ^regulat. 

regulate, v. tr.; to bring under rule; to 
order; to organize: — aregla; reguia. 

rehearsal, n.: — ensayo. 

rehearse, v. tr.: — ensayo. 

reign, n.: — rainado; guinibietna. 

reign over, v. tr.; to rule; to dominate: — 
gobietna sobre; magase. 

rein, n.; bridle; curb:— rienda; freno. 

reinforce, v. tr.; to strengthen :—nS,- 
lafltme. 

reiterate, v. tr.; to repeat;— repite; 
repete. 

reject, v. tr.; to refuse:— reusa. 

rejoice, v.'i.; to be glad; — ^mumagof. 

relate, v. tr., v. %.; to tell; to describe: — 
saiSgan; espUca. 

related, adj.; kin:— pum arientes. 

relatives, n.; kin: — ^parientes; paren- 
tela sija. 

relax, v. tr., v. i.; to slacken; to enervate; 
to become enervated: — cumacalo; afio- 
ja; numaba. 

relaxed, adj., a(/tJ.; flabby; soft; loose: — 
flojo; iiabai. 

release, v. tr.; to recover; to save; to 
redeem; to ransom: — ^rescata; masotta. 

relent, v. i.; to yield: — sede. 

relics, n.;^rellquia3. 

relief, n.; mitigation; alleviation; eas- 
ing: — descanso; alibio. 

relieve, v. tr.; to free from pain, suffer- 
ing, or grief: — nSr-magof ; alibia; conau- 
ola. 

religion, n.: — relijion (jinei^uen para as 
YiiuH). 

religious, adj., adv.; devout; pious:— 
deboto; rclijioso. 

relish, v. tr.; to enjoy;— gusto; maiTgue; 

reluctant, ari;.; unwilling; disinchned:— 
ti maeof; maldispuesto. 



remain 



101 



resist 



remain, v. %.; to be left over: — tenjaa; 

sobbla. 
remark, n.; observation; comment: — 

obsetbasidn; niirepara; nota. 
remarkable, acfj,, at/v.; .extraordinary; 

uncommon: — atituyiyun; notable, 
remedy, n.; an eflBcacious medicine: — 

rera^dia; amte. 
remedy, v, tr.; to prepare; to put in 

order: — famauleg; rem^dia; na-sano, 
remind, v. tr.; to put in remembrance; 

to call to mind of:— recuetda; jina- 

eonnaijon; jaso; jasuye. 
remind, v. tr.; to remind some one:— 

nl.-jaso; jasuye. 
remiss, adj., adv.; negligent; slack; 

slovenly; tarrying; loitering: — descui- 

dao; flojo. 
remit, v. tr.; to transmit money: — 

remite; n^-manae. 
remittance, n.; a aum of money trans- 
mitted :— nir emit e . 
remnant, n,: — tenjan; y sebbla. 
remnant of the betel nut (which is 

thrown away after chewing), n. : — 

amama; ame. 
remonstrate, r. tr.; to expostulate; to 

argue with : — protesta; erabeste 

opone. 
remote, adj., adv.; isolated; lonesprae; se- 
cluded: — maisa; solo; estrauo; chinagS. 
rem.oval, n.; transfer: — traslada; ma ua 

calamteniia; ma na janauna, 
remove, v. i.; to change location: — 

remuebe; ago. 
remove, v. tr.; to peel off (the meat from 

the bone): — despega; faiseneine. 
remove, v. tr.; to take away; to send 

away: — nS.-janau; apatta; remuebe. 
remunerate, v. tr.; to recompense: — 

recompensa; remonera. 
renew, v. tr.; to restore; to renovate: — 

renueba. 
renewal, n.; renovation; revival: — ma 

nS. nuebufia; nirenueba. 
renounce, v. tr.; to abdicate; to swear 

off; — ren^insia; rechasa. 
renovate, v. tr.; to restore: — renueba; 

na-gasgas. 
rent, ?i.; tear; fissure: — ^rasgufio. 
rent, v. tr.; to let by lease; to farm out; — 

arienda; adquila, 
rental, n.; amount of rent: — adquilet; 

adquilon. 
renunciation, n.; disavowal; rejection: — 

nirenunfiia. 
reparation, n.; expiation: — apas; expia- 

sit^n; inempaa. 
repeat, v, %.; to reiterate: — sesuye; 

repite; aangan t^lo. 
repel, v. tr.; to drive back: — chanda; 

eeja; janau tate. 
repent, v. tr.; to regret; to rue; to be sorry 

for: — faaotsot; repenta. 
repentance, n.; pain: — pinite; sineteot. 
replenish, v. tr.; to till up ^ain:— 

sajguane taio; na-bula; reyena. 



replete, adj.; completely filled up ; full :— 

bula; lleuo; yeno. 
reply, r. (r.; to answer-: — contesta; ojpe. 
report, n.; account; relation; connec- 
tion:— inanogcha; cuenta; manifiesta; 

n^tungo. 
repose, v. i.; to rest; — descansa. 
reprehensible, arf/.; deaer\ing censure; 

culpable :^lalat-diyon; isau; culpable; 

sensurable. 
represent, v. tr.; to set forth; to display; 

to exhibit: — representa. 
representation, n.; exhibit; view; ap- 
pearance : — r epresentasidn; nirepre- 

senta. 
representative, n.; — representante. 
repress, v. tr.; to quell; to suppress: — 

sujeta; sostiene. 
reprimand, v. tr.; to reprove: — lalatde. 
reproach, v. tr.; to upbraid: — reprende; 

ma nota, 
reprobate, n.; a profligate person: — 

desapruebao; bisioso. 
reprove, v. tr.; to denounce; to chide; to 

scold; to treat roughly: — S-guaguate; 

lalatde; desaprueba. _ 

reptile, n..'— t6,gpap4; guiging; culebla. 
republic, n.: — ^republica. 
repudiate, v. tr.; to spuru; to throw away; 

to cast away:— desecha; renunsia. 
repugnant, adj.; highly distasteful; 

offensive : — chatpago ; desabrido. 
repulse, v. tr.; to push back; to thrust 

back: — ^rechasa; chanda; n^-fapos. 
reputation, n.; fame:— fama; honra; 

maulegiia nlian, 
request, n.; entreaty: — gin&gau; soli- 

sita; gagau. 
requiem, n.; mass for a deceased per- 
son: — misan animas. 
require, v. tr.; to lay claim to: — gagau; 

pretende; nesesita; cobla. 
rescue, v, tr.; to liberate; to set free from 

danger: — nS.-libre; satba; rescata. 
rescue, n.; salvation: — satbasi6n; ni- 

libre. 
research, n.; careful inc^uiry :— rebista; 

guinefaligau; gueiaberigua. 
resemble, v. tr.; to have similarity to:— 

pumarejo; pumarereio; um'Schui^. 
resembling, adj., adv.; similar: — ja- 

chaigua; umachule; pumarerejo. 
resent, v, tr.; to consider as an injury or 

affront: — ^nS,-lamen; na-famadese. 
reserve, v. tr.; to keep in store; to hold 

back: — resetba; na-sajngue; deposita. 
reservoir, n.; water reservoir: — depo- 

sitonj§,num; fin^ tangque. 
residence, n.; domicile: — sagayan; resi- 

densia, 
resign, v. tr.; to surrender formally; to 

withdraw from:— ^basta; para; resigna. 
resin, n.; rosin; rubber: — danguis;_brea. 
resinous, adj.: — mi-danguis; cadangues; 

dangsong; ca brea. 
resist, v. tr.; to oppose: — resiste; opone; 

rechasa; chaba. 



resistance 



102 



reward 



resistaiice} n.; opposition: — r^sistSn- 
sia; inopoue; chiuaba; nirechdea. 

resisting, adj., adv.; refractory; oppos- 
ing: — op6pone; chilchabS.; recMchdsa. 

resolution, n.; resolve: — desision; reso- 
luai6ii; diuetetmiiia ; minatatfiga. 

resolve, v. tr.; to intend: — jasuye. 

resource, n.; source of help or supply; 

, expedient: — ^habio; guinaja; inayuda. 

respect, n.; regard; esteem; deference: — 
respeto; inestima. 

respect, v. tr.; to honor; to esteem: — 
respeta; estima. 

respected, adj.; highly regarded; es- 
teemed: — respetao; ma-estinia; mima- 
respeta. 

respite, n.; term; fixed period: — plaso; 
tiempo, 

respond, v. tr.; to answer; to reply: — 
responde; ope; contesta. 

responsible, adj.; involving responsi- 
bility: — responsable. 

rest, r. i.; to rest on a foundation; — 
fat&choi%; descansa. 

rest, V. i.; to repose; — descansa; maigd. 

rest, n.; quiet ;. peace: — descanso; 
quieto; tranquilo. 

restless, cdj.; turbulent; unquiet: — 
l^bog; tM-quinieto; t4i-minajgojig. 

restitution, n.; compensation; 
amends: — apas; ninanalo; debuetta. 

restore, v. tr.; to bring back to its 
former strength; to renew :—nS,-tai- 
guijejS,; renueba; na gaga talo. 

restrain, i\ tr.; to check; to repress:— 
impide; apreta. 

restrict, v, tr.; to confine; to limit: — 
n3,-g^iUnute; pontic; na-gaichi. 

restriction, n,; limitation: confine- 
ment : — minidiy e ; piner^le . 

result, V. i.; to follow as a consequence: — 
resutta; jumuyongfia; jiniyongna. 

result, n,; consequence: — jurnuyongfla; 
jiniyongna; jumuyiing pot jafa. 

resurrection, n.; — 1 i n ^ 1 a tataotao 
tSrlo; linila t^lo; numalo jaane; niu^lo 
linaia. 

resuscitate, r. ir.: — n^\%X^ talo. 

retail, v. tr.; to sell in small quantities:^ — 
aminudo, 

retail price, n.: — prSsion aminudo. 

retain, v. tr.; to hold or keep in posses- 
sion :—resetb a; guarda. 

retaliate, v. tr.; to return by giving like 
for like: — bine£g:ga: desquita, 

reticent, adj.; silent; reserved:— quieto; 

mamatquilo. 
retire, v. i.; to withdraw; to retreat; 

to recede:— nS.-j4nao; jauao; retira. 
retired, adj.; solitary; economical; fru- 
gal: — ^retir&o; sumajiigue; reeojido. 
retort, v. tr.; to return, as an argument; 
incivility; censure; accusation; to de- 
mur; to oppose; to object; to put in 
by way of reply:— aCTiagu&te; man- 
open lalal6; opone; laiatde t^lo, 
retract, v. tr.; to rescind; to recant: — 
nftaftlo J fiziijd; retractor. 



retreat, n.; privy:— escusao; beque; y 
quemon; comon. 

retribution, n.; reward or punishment 
suitable to the action:— sin&pet m&u- 
leg; apas; apas pat ^astigo segun y 
machdgiie. 

retrograde, arfj.; going or mo\'ing back- 
ward:— sum^seja; jumandnaotate. 

return, v. tr.; to restore; to make resti- 
tution: — n&lo; n^nalo. 

return, v. i.; to come back again: — 
tumalo-tate; mdjnau, 

return thanks, v, tr.; to express grati- 
tude about; to acknowledge indebted- 
ness for: — agradese. 

reunion, n.; a festive gathering of famil- 
iar friends or associates: — reunion; 
iiietnon; nilajyan. 

reveal, v. tr.; to make plain or evident; 
to discover; to disclose: — descubre; 
na-tuiig6; nj\-anog. 

revenge, n.; retribution; vengeance:— 
inemog; emog; bengansa._ 

revenue, n.; the general income of a 
government; taxes; customs; — redito 
(y jumajalom gui gobietno pot apas 
aduana, lisensia, etc.). 

revenue oflB,cer, n.: — aduanero. 

revere, v. tr.; to regard with fear mingled 
with »respect and affection; to rever- 
ence: — honra; respeta; reber^nsia. 

reverence, n.; veneration; honor; re- 
spect; — ^respeto; reberensia; honra. 

reverse, v. tr.; to turn upside down; to 
change entirely: — na~§,tlibes; n§,-di- 
lug; na-deii]ga;-..anula. 

revert, v. tr.; to turn back; to change: — 
mijnau. 

review, v. tr.; to reexamine; to look 
back; — ^rebista; repasa; ecsamina talo. 

revile, v. tr.; to reproach; to abuse: — 
calumnia; injuria; despresia. 

reviler, n.; slanderer; calumniator: — 
dldeshonra; calumniad^t. 

revise, v. tr,; to correct; — ^n§.-dinanche; 
rebista; repasa. 

revival, n.; renewal of life: — ^lumMS.; 
]0ml6 t41o; jinemld. 

revoke, v, tr.; to countermand; to with- 
draw; to abolish; to dismiss :-^deroga; 
ninalo y finijd; rebuelbe; rebuetbe. 

revolt, V. ir,, v. i.; to rebel; to mutiny j 
to assail: — embeste; yduyau. 

revolution, n.; uprising: — ^mumon U- 
najyan; rebolusion. 

revolve, v. %.; to turn around (as on an 
axis); to roll in a circle; — 4^^*^^°ff» 
buetta; lilicd, 

revolver, n.; pistol: — rebuelbe; re- 
buetbe. 

revulsion, n.; sudden change of feel- 
ing: — xninamaichichd; redcsion; re- 
botsion, 
reward, n.;. recompense; thanks; grati- 
tude; acknowledgme n t: — ninae; 
premio; agradesimiento; ina^adeae; 
gTatificflsi6n. 



rhetoric 



103 



rhetoric, 71.; the art of speaking , with 

eloquence and force : — ^ret6rica. 
rheuraatism, n.; — reuma; marauten 

titaotao. 
Tib, n.; curved bone supporting the 

lateral wail of the thorax: — costiyas. 
lice, n.: — ^pugas; fae; jinegasl. 
rice (not hulled), n.: — ^fae. 
rice field, n.;— famaSyan. > 

rice soup, n.: — alS^g^uan. 
rich, adj.; wealthy; opulent: — ^migUi- 

naja; rico; miiyo. 
rich, adj., adv.; productive; yielding; 

fertile: — ganansioso; probechoso. 
riddle, n.; enigma; puzzle: — ^inadibina. 
ride, v. tr,^ v. i.; to ride on horseback or 

in a vehicle: — udai; maudai. 
rider, n.: — y raaHudai; m^maudai. 
ridicule, v. tr.; to ridicule aome one; to 

talk about the faults of others: — ■ 

chatgue; fa,-mache^ (gel cumuentos 

pot otro t^otao: gossip; one who talks 

about others). 
ridiculous, adj., cwf-y.;— chatgiyon; 

chatgon; butlon. 
riding whip, n.; rod; switch: — balas; 

baston (latticework in the roof of the 

native houses, to which are fastened 

the braided cocoa-palm leaves: balas 

gum^). 
rifle, n.; gun: — opaque; rifle, 
rifle range, n.: — ^bianco; famaquiyan. 
right, adj.; just; truthful; correct; fit; 

true:— tunas; mduleg; dlnanche; justo; 

magajet., 
right-hand, adv.; on the right hand; to 

the right: — agapS.; gui agap^. 
rigid, adj.; stiff; inflexible:— tiso; fitme. 
rinXj n.; border; margin: — canto; banda; 

onya; rencon. 
rind, n.: — ^lasas Jayo pat fruta. 
ring, n.: — aniyo. ^ 

ling, n.; ear; handle; hook: — dUiling. 
ring, V. tr.; to ring a bell; to strike a 

string; to play a musical instrument: — 

dandan; dihjo^ding. 
rip, V. tr.; to tear: — ^titeg; sise. 
ripsaw, n.: — chachag mafiise. 
ripe, adj.; mature; ready for harvest:— 

sacan; t6a; masa. 
ripe, adj.f adv.; done; cooked sufficient- 
ly: — ^masa. 
ripen (fruit), v. i.: — mumasa. 
ripeness, n.; maturity: — minasa. 
rise, V. i.; to ascend; to begin to stir; — 

cajuld; jatsa; cajat. 
rise (the sun), v. tr., v. i,; to get up:— 

cajuld. 
rising, adj.; increasing: — aumenta; ade- 

lanta; lumalattil6. 
rising, adj.^ adv.; growing; increasing 

(moon): — cresiente; quinajtijulo. 
rising water, n.;— ^jinafnd y tasi. 
risk, n.; hazard; venture; dare:^riesgo; 

peligro. 
risk, V. tr.; to hazard; to venture; to 
dare: — atrebe; ariesga; riesgo. 



rival, n.; one who strives to equal or 
excel another; competitor: — ribal; con- 
trario. 
river, n.; stream :-^sadog. 
rivet, V, tr.; to clinchl— remacha. 
road, n.; path; street: — ch.alan. 
roaxn, v. %.; to ramble; to wander about 
aimlessly: — bagamundo; g4 jumdnao, 
roar, n.; cry of a large animal; loud 
noise: — paiang-pang; eaten numedog. 
roast, r. tr.: — tunu; n^-tosta; ^sadot; 

asao. 
roast, V. tr.; to broil; to fry; to season: — 

guisa. 
roasting spit, n.: — asadot. 
rob, V. tr.; to plunder; to deprive by force; 
to despoil: — amot; chuldguan; fan-en- 
tayag. 
robber, n./ thief: — saqui; atayag; ladron. 
robe, n.; loose outer garment: — so tana, 
robust, adj.y adv.; strong; vigorous:— 
fotte; fuette; masajegat; metgot; ro- 
busto; fuetsudo. 
robust, adj.^ adv.; stubby, short and 

thick : — f otnido . 
rock, 71./ cliff; stone: — ach6. 
rock, v.tr.; to rock a child in the cradle: — 
. chucan. 
rocker, n . ; rocking chair: — siyan 

machucan. 
rocket, n.: — cojetes. 
rogue, n.; cheat; villain; thief: — ^plcaro; 

tonante. 
roll, V. %.; to turn with circular motion: — 

galileg. 
roU, n.:— flnalulon; royo. 
roH, V. tr.; to roll a barrel: — na-g^aiileg. 
roll together, v. tr., v. i.; to coil up; to 

curl up: — falulon. 
roll, V, tr.; to roll together hurriedly: — 

ap6delog. 
roller, n..* — royo. 

roof, n.; top covering of a house: — atof. 
roof (made of^ coco-palm leaves), n.; — 

atof-jigae. * ' 

room, n.; chamber; apartment: — apo- 

sento; cuatto. 
roomy, adj., adv.; wide; broad: — ^m§,^- 

guag; majuto. 
roost (the pole or perch upon which a 
number of fowls rest at night), n.: — fan 
maig^an manog. 
rooster, n.: — gayo. 
root, n.: — jalS. 

root out, V. tr.; to grub up; to clear; to 
break down the withered branches of a 
palm tree:— yabau; toto; ja^lS. 
rope , n.; cord ; string ; line : — ^tale ; cuetdas. 
rosary, n,; necklace: — lisayo. 
rose, n.: — ^rosa. ^ 

rosin, n.; resin; rubber: — danguis. 
rot, V. i.; to spoil; — llamas; putlilo; 

majangu§. 
rot (fruit), v. %,: — ^bocha; lamas, 
rough, adj., adv.; uneven; rugged: — 

CEuaton; bronco, 
rough, adj., adv.: — ^maculatun; bastos. 



rough 



104 



salable 



i 



rou^h, adj.^ adv.: inattentive; irrever- 
ent; disrespectful; rude; coarse: — deaa- 
tento. 

rou^h. draft, n,; day book: — boradfit. 

round, adj., adv.; circular; rotund 
(ball, roll of -writing, scroll, etc.): — 
adamelo^. 

roundabout "way, n.; a way back; 
return: — buelta; buetta. 

route, n.; course; journey; march: — 
rumbo; chalan; cutso. 

rover, n.; fickle person: — ^bag'amundo; 
picaro. 

ro"w, n.; line; file; — fila. 

row (referring to a fence), n.: — ensatto. 

row (of houBes), n.: — jilera; englera. 

rub, V, tT.; to brush; to scrape or scratch 
off: — jotyat. 

rub, V. tr.; to knead; to apply massage; to 
press: — lasa. 

rub, V. tr.; to rub smooth; to smooth 
out: — rasa. 

rub out, V. tr.; to scrape out; to clear (of 
sin); to put an end to:— funas. 

rubbish, n.; debris (in building opera- 
tions) : — Siitupa. 

rudder, n.;— timdn. 

ruddy, adj.; reddish: — mSdio (or meyo) 
agS-gfi.; ataga. 

rude, adj., adv.; coarse; feeble-minded: — 
inod6ro. 

rude, adj., adv.; rough; inattentive; 
irreverent ; disrespectful: — desatento. 

rude, arf;., adv.; uncivil; ill-bred; imper- 
tinent: — n§.oson; impettinente. 

rue, V. tr.; to be sorry for; to regret; to 
rep3nt: — fafiotsot. 

rug, n.; floor covering: — atfombra. 

ruin, V. tr.; to destroy; to demolish: — 
desjase; desase. 



ruin, V. tr.; lay waste ; desolate ; devastate ; 

to consume; to devour: — arasa: des- 

petdisia. 
rme, v. tr.; to dominate; to reign over: — 

e6je; domina. » 
rule, n.; order:— finfi-m&uleg'. 
ruler, n.; one who rules: — y man arS- 

reg^la; m&gas, 
ruler, n.; instrunent for ruling lines: — 

re^la. 
rununage, v. tr.; to search carefully 

for: — guef reconose. 
rumor, n.; popular report; current 

story: — ^rumot; cuentos. 
run, V. %.; to move quickly; to flee for 

escape :^falago; malago. 
runner, n.; one who runs; racer: — 

fafalagfo. 
run aground, v. i.; to go ashore; to get 

stalled; to strand; — gane. 
run around idly, v. L: — tumatatnon. 
run away, v. %.; to escape (a danger); — 

escapa. 
run away, d. i,; to escape: — fal&go. 
riin away, v. %.; to jump: — pechau; 

pechao. 
run through, v. tr.; traverse; to go 

through : — g,dotgan. 

rupture, n.: — tumunog tilipas. 
rupture, n.; inguinal;— chinad^. 
rush, V. i.; to move or press forward 

with impetuosity; to enter with undue 

eagerness: — achaicag; tugung; tugong. 
rust, n.: — taqu^ lulog. 
rustle, V. i.; to murmur; to whisper; — 

besbes. 
rusty, adj.; covered with rust; — tinaqu^ 
rut, n.; the track of a wheel; groove 

hollow: — carit; chalan ruedan careta 



s. 



saber, n.: — sable. 

sack, n.; bag; pouch: — c6stat; butsa. 

sacrament, n.; the Eucharist: — comu- 

nidn. 
sacred, adj.; cons>ecrated ; inviolable: — 

santos; ma na santos; ^agrado. 
sacrifice, r. it.: — entrega; .sacrifica. 
sacrilegioua, a/lj.; violating sacred 

things; — sacrilego ftinao respeto rii 

manantof] f^ija na giiinaja). 
sad, adj.^ adv.; in bad hum^ir; full of 

grief: — triste; tai-minagof; ponito. 
sadden, v. tr.; \o make sad; — na- triste; 

na-taiminagof; na-penite. 
saddle, n.: — siya ^para y tatalo gaga); 

aparejo. 
saddle pad, n.; saddle roll; aho fang; 

tusk:— ^otniyos. 
safe, a/lj., ode; free from danger; se- 
cure: — tSipeligro; Heguro. 
safety, n.; freedom from danjirer: — 

tinaepeligro; sinoguro. 
'saffron, n.; — mangd; asafrdn. 



sag, V. i.; to sink down; to jdeld; — 
mangag; umasd; nina as6; ini^ag. 

sagacious, adj.; ingenious; quick- 
witted: — tomtom; faye; listo. 

sage, adj., adv.; wise; discerning; well- 
judged; discriminating; — si>bio; tom- 
tom; m^jnalom (mauieg man jaso yan 
manjusga). 

sail, 71.: — ^layag. 

sail, V. i.; to be moved by a sail: — layag^; 
lumayag. 

sail, V. tr.; to navigate; — ni-layag; 
nabegar (y ma na janau y batca gui 
jil'j janom). 

sailor, n,; mariner; seaman: — m.arino; 
marinero. 

sails, n. pi.: — bela (Chinese sails: belan 
China; cross sail: belan crus; Latin 
sail; belan Latin). 

saint, adj., adv.; holy; sainted; blessed: — 
santos. 

salable, adj., adv.; vendible; venal: — 
bendiyon. 



rough 



104 



salable 



i 



rou^h, adj.^ adv.: inattentive; irrever- 
ent; disrespectful; rude; coarse: — deaa- 
tento. 

rou^h. draft, n,; day book: — boradfit. 

round, adj., adv.; circular; rotund 
(ball, roll of -writing, scroll, etc.): — 
adamelo^. 

roundabout "way, n.; a way back; 
return: — buelta; buetta. 

route, n.; course; journey; march: — 
rumbo; chalan; cutso. 

rover, n.; fickle person: — ^bag'amundo; 
picaro. 

ro"w, n.; line; file; — fila. 

row (referring to a fence), n.: — ensatto. 

row (of houBes), n.: — jilera; englera. 

rub, V, tT.; to brush; to scrape or scratch 
off: — jotyat. 

rub, V. tr.; to knead; to apply massage; to 
press: — lasa. 

rub, V. tr.; to rub smooth; to smooth 
out: — rasa. 

rub out, V. tr.; to scrape out; to clear (of 
sin); to put an end to:— funas. 

rubbish, n.; debris (in building opera- 
tions) : — Siitupa. 

rudder, n.;— timdn. 

ruddy, adj.; reddish: — mSdio (or meyo) 
agS-gfi.; ataga. 

rude, adj., adv.; coarse; feeble-minded: — 
inod6ro. 

rude, adj., adv.; rough; inattentive; 
irreverent ; disrespectful: — desatento. 

rude, arf;., adv.; uncivil; ill-bred; imper- 
tinent: — n§.oson; impettinente. 

rue, V. tr.; to be sorry for; to regret; to 
rep3nt: — fafiotsot. 

rug, n.; floor covering: — atfombra. 

ruin, V. tr.; to destroy; to demolish: — 
desjase; desase. 



ruin, V. tr.; lay waste ; desolate ; devastate ; 

to consume; to devour: — arasa: des- 

petdisia. 
rme, v. tr.; to dominate; to reign over: — 

e6je; domina. » 
rule, n.; order:— finfi-m&uleg'. 
ruler, n.; one who rules: — y man arS- 

reg^la; m&gas, 
ruler, n.; instrunent for ruling lines: — 

re^la. 
rununage, v. tr.; to search carefully 

for: — guef reconose. 
rumor, n.; popular report; current 

story: — ^rumot; cuentos. 
run, V. %.; to move quickly; to flee for 

escape :^falago; malago. 
runner, n.; one who runs; racer: — 

fafalagfo. 
run aground, v. i.; to go ashore; to get 

stalled; to strand; — gane. 
run around idly, v. L: — tumatatnon. 
run away, v. %.; to escape (a danger); — 

escapa. 
run away, d. i,; to escape: — fal&go. 
riin away, v. %.; to jump: — pechau; 

pechao. 
run through, v. tr.; traverse; to go 

through : — g,dotgan. 

rupture, n.: — tumunog tilipas. 
rupture, n.; inguinal;— chinad^. 
rush, V. i.; to move or press forward 

with impetuosity; to enter with undue 

eagerness: — achaicag; tugung; tugong. 
rust, n.: — taqu^ lulog. 
rustle, V. i.; to murmur; to whisper; — 

besbes. 
rusty, adj.; covered with rust; — tinaqu^ 
rut, n.; the track of a wheel; groove 

hollow: — carit; chalan ruedan careta 



s. 



saber, n.: — sable. 

sack, n.; bag; pouch: — c6stat; butsa. 

sacrament, n.; the Eucharist: — comu- 

nidn. 
sacred, adj.; cons>ecrated ; inviolable: — 

santos; ma na santos; ^agrado. 
sacrifice, r. it.: — entrega; .sacrifica. 
sacrilegioua, a/lj.; violating sacred 

things; — sacrilego ftinao respeto rii 

manantof] f^ija na giiinaja). 
sad, adj.^ adv.; in bad hum^ir; full of 

grief: — triste; tai-minagof; ponito. 
sadden, v. tr.; \o make sad; — na- triste; 

na-taiminagof; na-penite. 
saddle, n.: — siya ^para y tatalo gaga); 

aparejo. 
saddle pad, n.; saddle roll; aho fang; 

tusk:— ^otniyos. 
safe, a/lj., ode; free from danger; se- 
cure: — tSipeligro; Heguro. 
safety, n.; freedom from danjirer: — 

tinaepeligro; sinoguro. 
'saffron, n.; — mangd; asafrdn. 



sag, V. i.; to sink down; to jdeld; — 
mangag; umasd; nina as6; ini^ag. 

sagacious, adj.; ingenious; quick- 
witted: — tomtom; faye; listo. 

sage, adj., adv.; wise; discerning; well- 
judged; discriminating; — si>bio; tom- 
tom; m^jnalom (mauieg man jaso yan 
manjusga). 

sail, 71.: — ^layag. 

sail, V. i.; to be moved by a sail: — layag^; 
lumayag. 

sail, V. tr.; to navigate; — ni-layag; 
nabegar (y ma na janau y batca gui 
jil'j janom). 

sailor, n,; mariner; seaman: — m.arino; 
marinero. 

sails, n. pi.: — bela (Chinese sails: belan 
China; cross sail: belan crus; Latin 
sail; belan Latin). 

saint, adj., adv.; holy; sainted; blessed: — 
santos. 

salable, adj., adv.; vendible; venal: — 
bendiyon. 



105 



scandal 



salad, 71.: — ensalada. 

salary, n.; recompenae for service ren- 
dered; stipend; — suetdo; apas. 

sale, n.: — ^benta. 

saliva, n.; slaver: — tdl&; babas (slaver- 
ing bib: fan61&an; baba'ddt). 

sallow, adj.; of a pale, sickly color: — 
bo^lon. 

salmon, n.: — salm6n; satmon. 

salt, 71.; — asiga. 

salt broth, n.: — chig^an. 

saltcellar, jn,: — salero. 

salted, adj.: — ^inasne; ma-asen. 

salted beef, n.; salt meat: — inasnen 
catne; satmu^ra. 

salted fish, n.: — asnentucon. 

salt-making plant, ?i.:— salinas. 

salty (sea water), adj.: — ^ffi-et. 

salubrious adj.; healthy: — nalSll>; n^ 
joml6; aaludable. 

salvage, n.; compensation for saving a 
vessel or cargo at eea: — apas pat fSrCae 
pot y ma satban y batco pat y 
catgana gui tase. 

salve, n.; fat ointment :v-ingguente; 
junto. 

salver, n.; plate:— Splat o; plato; ban- 
deja. 

sample, v, tr.; to taste food: — tamtam; 
chague. 

sample, n.; parable; example: — ejem- 
plo. 

sample, n.; pattern; — muestra. 

sanctimoniousness , n . : — cadfi dine- 
boto; calan sinantos. 

sanction, n.; approval; approbation: — 
aprobasi6n; inaprueba. 

sand, n.: — tinai. 

sandals, n.; shoes of coarse leather; — 
doga; sandaiias. 

sandpaper, n.: — papet asero. 

sandwich, ji.: — inafuyot mantiquiya 
yan catne gui pan. 

sandy, adj.: — nl-unai; liliid. 

sandy beach, n.; strand: — canton ixnai; 
mai. 

sane, adj.; mentally sound or healthy; — 
m&uleg ilufia; aano. 

sanguinary, adj.; murderous; cruel; at- 
tended with much bloodshed; — ^peg^6; 
t^ilaye; taiase. 

sanitary, adj.; hygienic: — gasgas; ti na 
malango. 

sap, n.; juice (of trees, fruits, etc.): — 
chug6. 

sapience, n.; wisdom; knowledge: — 
minejnalom; tiningd. 

sapling, n.; a young tree: — patgon na 
trongco. 

sarcasm, n.; bitter, sarcastic expres- 
bion : — quinase. 

sash, n.; window sash; frame for hold- 
ing panes of glass: — cuadron ben tana 
(^ra uguiniot y espejos). ' 
sat an, n.; the devil: — magnganite; 
satanas. 



sate, V. tr.; to satiate; to fill to repletion; 

to satisfy:— n^-jaspogj n&-bula. 
sated, adj.y p. p.; satiated: — jaspog; 

bula. 
satiate, v. tr.: — tujus; bula; jaspog. 
satire, n.; sarcasm; ridicule: — ^satira 

(un aina^an pat cuentos anae ma na 

gogof anog y tinSilaye pat in6choii|r). 
satisfaction, n.; contentment; gratifica- 
tion: — ^minagof; ninajong; quinen- 

tento; sinatisfecho. 
satisfied, adj., adv.; cheerful; delighted; 

joyous; merry ; gay; — dibettido; magof ; 

najoiig; satisfecho, 
satisfy, v. tr.; to gratify; to pay in full:— 

n&-magof; nS,-empaa; na-satisfecho. 
saturate, v, tr.; to soak; to imbue: — 

jinatme; chinepchop. 
Saturday, n.: — sabalo. 
sauce, n.; condiment:— satsa; salsa; 

finS-deng; qu61aguin. 
saunter, v. %.; to wander about idly: — 

lumauya; tumatnon. 
sausage, n.: — -chorisos. 
savage, adj., adv.; fierce; wild: — macha- 

leg; ti maf^nS,gue; talas^. 
savage, n.: — tS-otao jaluxn tand. 
save, V. tr.; to rescue: — n^-libre; satba. 
saving, adj., adv.; niggardly; f-.rifty; 

frugal ; scant y : — guSfmanaquiJom; 

y6daje. 
saving, n.: — ^inid; inadaje; ninS-sij- 

iigue. 
savior, n.; — ^n&nfi-libre; sdsatba; satba- 

d6t. 
savor, n.; flavor; taste; scent: — p&u; 

tinamtam. 
saw, n.; cutting atecl instrument mth a 

toothed edge; — chachag. 
saw, V. if.; to cut with a saw; to cut: — 

chachag. 
sawdust, n.: — aserin, 
sawmill, n.: — ^mltquinan chachag. 
saw set (for setting teeth of saws), n.:— 

traban chachag. 
say, V. tr.; to relate; to apeak; to utter; 

to declare; — san^an. 
say nothing, v. %.; to keep silent: — 

famatquilo. 
scab, n.; scurf; itch; — ^latS; bosbos. 
scaffolding, n.; staging: — and&mio; 

andame. 
scald, V. tr.; to burn with hot liquid or 

steam; — ^n&-paco; na-matuno (gui ja- 

nom mdipe pat mantica). 
scale, n,; — pesad6t; balansa. 
scales, n.; scurf (on the skin) :-— gS'naf ; 

escama. 
scalp, n.: — y lasas gui sanjild na 

banda gui ilo. ^ 
scamp, n.; rascal: — inguinon na tao- 

tao; pfcaru na tdotao; ti m^uleg na 

tdotao; t^ilaye na t^otao. 
scamper, v. i.; to hasten away; — p6chao; 

malago; umescapa. 
scandal, n.; opprobrium; defamation; dis- 
grace: — escandalo; t^ilaye na ejemplo. 



scant 



106 



feaf 



scant, adj.y adv.; ecarcely sufficient: — 

dldid.6; cana ti najotig. 
scapegoat, n.;"one who bears the blame 

for others :-~ayu y cumacatga y isao y 

pumalo. 
scapulary, n.; monastic habit; — esca- 

puldrio. 
scar, n.; weal; mark: — ^piMau; paladan; 

vxnmasiian. 
scar, n.; wound; mark: — aniuasuan; 

paladan. 
scarce, adj., adv.; not plentiful; seldom 
met with:— Scalag; jalag; escaso; 
apenas. 
scare, v. tr.; to frighten; to strike with 
sudden terror:— f&flagiie; aminasa; n^- 
maa^lao; joiigang. 
scare, n.; a sudden fnght or panic:— 

aininaBo; minadnao. 
scare away, v, it.; to frighten off:— 

espanta. 
scared, adj.: — lujan; espantao. 
scarf, n.: a light handkerchief or tie for 

the neck: — goden ag:aglL; atmadot. 
scarlet, adj.; of a bright red color:— 

agagS,; didog agagana. 
scarlet fever, n.: — escatlatina; un 

clasen calentura. 
scatter, v. tr.; to strew out (seed):— 

calangcangue; satpe. 
scatter apart, %\ if.; to strew asunder; to' 

dispel ; to disperse :— chalapun. 
scattered, ad}.; spread; diffused; dis- 
seminated (sickness, teachii^s, etc,):— 
machalapun, 
scavenger, n.; any animal that devours 
refuse:— basurero; masea jafa na gaga 
ni ja cacano y anyut6. 
scene, n.; the time, place, or circum- 
stance in which anything occurs;— 
esena; y tiempo yan y lugat inae ma 
susede masea jafa. 
scent, n.; odor; sense of smell; chase 
followed by means of the scent:- pau; 

pao; rastro. 

scent, V. It.; to get a scent:— 6ngingue. 

scepter, n.; the sovereign 's staff :—setro; 

y baston ni jachdchuld y rae pat 

emperadot. _ 

scholar, n.; student:— manungo; diai- 

pulo; estudiante. 
school, n.; — escuela. 
schooner, n.; two-masted vessel:— 

goleta. 
science, n.; wisdom; systematic know- 
led ''e : — tininlfd . 
scientific, adj„ adv.; skillful; skilled 
in science: — mfijnalom; tomtom gui 
tinif^. 
scissors, n.; rafters: — tijeras. 
scoff, V. tr.; deride; calumniate:— ada, 
scold, V. tr.; reprove; to chide; to treat 

roughly:— lal&tde. 
scoop, (mason's), n.; trowel: — cucnalan 
&tbafiit. 



scope n.; room or ofiportunity for free 

outlook or action; aim or intention: — 

lugat or guinaelugat; libettad (para 

inatituye pat quinalamten) . 
score, n.; bill; account:— cuenta. 
scorn, n.; contempt; disdain; derision: — 

despresio; mofa; minefea; butla. 
scor|)ion, n.: — alacran. 
scoundrel, n.; man without honor or 

virtue; low, worthless fellow:— plcaru; 

bruto. 
scour, v, tr.; to rub; to brush;^to shave; to 

scrape; to scratch:— giiSsgiies. 
scourge, n.: — epid^mia; castigo; cala- 

midad , 
scow, n.; lighter; large flat-bottomed 

boat with square ends:— champan; 

sampan. 
scramble, v. i.; to clamber with the 

hands and feet:— fedos; chaicague. 
scrap, n.; a small or detached piece:— 

pedasito. 
scrape, v, tr,; to rasp: — gu&sguas. 
scrape, v. tr.; to scratch; to scour: — 

guesgues. i^. u i. 

scrape ofl, v. tr.; to scratch oft; to brush; 

to rub :— 3 otyat ; raspa . 
scratch, i;. tr,: — etses; casas; ca%uas. 
scratch (hens), v. tr.; to dig:— guadog. 
screw, n.: — totniyo. 
screw driver, n.: — destoniyadot. 
Bcriminage, n.; general row or tussle: — 

in^guaguat. 
Scriptures, n.; Biblical text; the Bible; 

Old and New Testaments:— y santos 

na tiniguS sija; y biblia. 
scrub, V. tr,; to clean or scour:— bS-le; 

guasguas. ^ 

scrupulous, adj., arfi;.;— dang^jescrupu- 

loso. 

scull, n.;^-calabera. 

sculptor, n.: — escultor. 

scum, 71.; foam; froth :—espuma; boan. 

scum, n.; impurities on surface of boil- 
ing liquids: — ^natas. 

scurf, n.; scales (on the skin):— escama. 

sea, n.; lagoon: — laguna; jagoy. 

sea, n.: — tasi; tase. 

seal, n.;— seyo; signo. 

sealing wax, n.;— lacre. 

seam, n.; line formed by the sewing of 
two pieces of material together:— 
corejilo; costura. 

seam, n.; edge; selvage:— matgen; 
oriya. 

seaman, n.; mariner; — m,annero. 

seamstress, n.; needlewoman ;—cos- 
turera. . . 

search, v. tr.; to view; to visit; to in- 
spect; to overlook; to control:— 6gaga. 

seasons (of the year), n.:— estasiones; 
y tierapo sija gui sacan. 

seat, n.;. chair; post or authority:— 

t&cho^. * V -*. 

seat, V. t.; to seat one's sell:— f atachdng. 



I 



I 



I 



secluded 



107 



set 



; 



I. 



k 



f 



S. 



secluded, adj., adv.; lonesome; lonely; 
solitary; ^ o£f-lyin^; remote: — suxnaj- 
ngue; mamaisa; aislado. 
seclusion, n . : — sina jfigue . 
second, n,; — segimdo. 
second; immediately following, add.:—y 

tinate; y t^tate. 
secondarily; In the second place, adv.: — 

gui tinate; sumegugundc, 
secret, n..— ti tuflglion na minagajet; 

secreto. 
security, n./ warranty; bail:— iinia; 

fiansa; inasegura, 
security, n.; earnest money; pledge; 

pawn: — aras; sineguro; promesa. 
sedate, adj., adv.; sober; earnest; serious; 

grave :—fotinat. 
sediment, n.; yeast: — asiento. 
see, V. tr., v. %.; to look; to glance:— 

HI; 11^. 
see, V. tr.,v. i.; to learn through signs: — 

atutuye; atiende. 
seed, n.; stone; kernel (of fruits, etc.):— 

fens6; siembra; pepitas; semiya. 
seedy, adj.; shabby;— miserable; oda. 
seek, V. tr., v. i.; search for; to try to 
find; to be in quest of:— alfgau; ^gaga. 
seek information, v. i.: — infotma; 

6faesen; que tungd. 
seem, v. %.; to appear; to pretend:— 

calan. 
seeming, adj., adv.; apparent:— calan 

pumarerejo; umachaigua; aparente. 
seemly, adj,^ adv.; decent; decorous:— 

desente. 
segregate, v. tr.; to separate from 

others:— ^n&-suja; nH-sajngue. 
seize, v. tr., v. i.; to attack; to assail:— 

embeste. 
seize, v. tr.; to fasten; to pack; to hold 

fast: — guot. 
seize, v. tr.; to catch; to receive:— 

chajlau; mantiene. 
seizure, n.; sudden attack, as of a dis- 
ease: — ataque; achaque. 
select, V. tr.; to make choice of; to pick 

out: — ayig. 
seldom, adj., adv.; a few times; scarce 

rare:— jalag; ^calag. 
select, V. tr.; to adopt (as one's own 

child);— ganye. 
selected, adj.; preferred:— guinanye; 

mdayeg. 
self, n.; one's own person: — maisa. 
selfish, adj,; egotistical: — demasiao ja- 

gofiien maisa ^1; chdtao. 
selfishness, n.; niggardliness; avarice: — 
; codfsia; chinatao. 

■self -control n.; self-denial :— chinema 
; m.S.i3a; jinilat mdisa; punen mdisa. 
jSelf-seeking, adj., adv.; selfish ; greedy :— 
; jenngan; interesao. 
sell, V. tr.; to dispose of for pay; to 
;; vend: — bende. 

jpell at auction, v. tr.; to confiscate:— 
r embatga; ma atmoueda. 

4562—18 8 



n.; likeness: — pinarejo; 



semblance, 

achaigua. 
send, V. tr.; to cause to go; to dispatch:— 

tag6. 

send away, v. tr.; to take away; — 

n§-}anau. 
send on in advance, v. tr.: — nlL-f6f6na. 
sensation, n.; perception by the 

senses: — ^siniSnte. 
sense, n.; faculty by which objects are 
perceived physically or mentallv; dis- 
cernment: — siniente. 
senseless, adj., a(fy.;~lalango; tdisi- 

nicnte. 
sensible, adj., adv.; acute; ingenious: — 

gaijinaso; manungd. 
sensible, adj^, adv.; reasonable: — gg,i- 

jinaso. 
sensitive, adj., adv.; touchy; irritable:— 

jamaniente; jabubu. 
sentence, v. tr.; to condemn: — condena. 
sentence, n.; judgment; opinion or deci- 
sion; — juiaio; sentensia. 
sententious, adj.; terse: — sentensioso; 
bula mangadada yan man n§, iala na 
sinangan. 
sentimental, adj., adv.; romantic: — 

tS-tacfi-; sentimental; sentimentat. 
sentimental, adj., adv.; romantic: — 

sentimental; tatac^. 
separate, v. i.; to part; to go asunder: — 

adingo; n|,-suja; aepara. 
separate, v. tr.; to sunder; to divide:— 

desapatta; dibide. 
separated, adj.; isolated; divided:— 

apattao; sumajtigue. 
separation, n.; disconnection: — y in&- 

desapatta; y indyut^; y inadiri^o. 
September, n.: — septiembre; lumam- 

1am. 
sepulcher, n.; grave: — sepulcro; naf- 

tan. 
sequester, v. tr.; to separate from the 
owner for a time:--'na-sujanflaijon; 
nt-ddisapatta; n^-;^dingo. 
serenade, n,; evening music in the 

air: — serenata. 
series, n.; line row; — fila; indtattiye. 
serious, adj., adv.; sedate; sober; earn- 
est; grave: — fotmSt. 
sermon, n,; discourse on a text from 

the Scriptures: — setmon. 
serpent, n,; snake: — culebla; setpiente. 
servant, n.: — criado; miniatro; 

setbiente. 
servant, n.; house boy: — tdntag6; 

muchacho. 
serve, v. tr.; to work or perform duties 

for; to wait on: — setbe; chdgiiiye, 
service, n.: — setbisio. 
session^ n.; the actual sitting of a court, 
council, or legislative body: — junta; 
8esi6n (y ora dnai masisigue jafa na 
dinaM). 
set, V. tr^; to place or put in any posi- 
tion; to fix; to plant: — ^planta; pega. 



set 



108 



shirt 



set, V. iT.; to support (by pillars):— 

aregla; nMatachoiig; na-tojgue; na- 

tacho, 
set in motion, u. tr.; to stir up; to 

move:— chal^jgu^; n§,-calamten. 
set the table (for a meal), v.^tr.:— 

planta y lamasa. 
settle (a loan), v. tr.; to arrange; to set 

in order; to try on:— ajusta; fa-mdu- 

leg; na-gasgas; n^-tunas. 
settle down, v, i,; to colonize:— radi- 

cau; eagaye; taotigiie. 
seven, adj.: — siete. ^ 

seven hundred, odfj.. —siete-sientos. 
seventh, cc/;.. —s6ptimo; y mm^siete. 
seventy, oii/.;- setenta. 
sever, v. ir.; to sunder; to divide; to 

separate: — dibide. 
several, adj.; more than two; various; 

different:— m§gae; megai: timanpare- 

jo. . . , 

severe, adj., adv.; strict; austere; rigid:— 
adet; cumplido; mampos; mala mafia. 

severe, adj., adv.; insolent:- saguat; 
na-bubu; banidoso yan otguyoso. 

sew, V. tr., V. %.; to stitch:— lagse. 

sewer, n.; — y l^lagse. 

sewerage, n.; sewer system:— desa- 
guadero (canat pat tubo anae siiiii man 
ma lolofan sija an figaa pat jafa mas 
na inaplacha). 

sexton, n.; bell ringer:— campanero; 
ckidandan; saclestan. 

shabby, adj.; threadbare; mean m ap- 
pearance:— miserable; aplacha; oda 

van matiteg. 
shack, n.; hut; cabin:— sadi-gane; 

lancho, , ^ 

shade, n.; shady place; shaaow:— 

anineng; nujong; sombra. 
shady, arfj.;— lejn^on. 
shaft (of a vehicle), n.;— larguero; 

latguero. ^ , ., 

shake, v. tr.; to stir:— ch&uchau; cti4o- 

chao. 

shake, v. tr.; to vibrate; to inoveJ)ack 
and forth :—chalauchau; ycngyong_. 

shake, v. ir.; to chastise (with a bircb 
rod):— sacude. ^, ^ , 

shake oft, v. tr.; to cast off:— chanda. 

shake the head, v. ir..— gufinggueng. 

shaky, adj.; feeble; full of cracks:- bula 
caca; calo; lalaulau. 

shallow, adj., adv.; low; weak; super- 
ficial: — nane; natata. 

shallow lake, n.:— aguanon; natata na 

iaf'oi. 

shame, n.; modesty; bashfulness:- m- 
namamajlau. 

shame, n.; dishonor; disgrace :—dmes- 
honra; desgrisia. 

shameful, adj., a<iu,:— n&'mamajlau. 

shameless, adj., adv.; audacious; mso- 
lent:— t&i-mamajlau; deacarao. 

shape, V, Ir.; to form:— fotma, 

shape, n.; exterior; kind; character- 
istic:— jechura. 



share, n.; a portion or part; a part al- 

lotedtoone: — fS^cai; patte. 
share, v. tr.; to participate; to divide; to 

make into parte: — facai, 
shaxk, n.i — jallio. > 
sharp, arf?'., adv.; biting; mordacious: — 

didog; calactus; calagtus; acadidog. 
sharpen, v. tr.; to whet:~guas&; na- 

calactUB. 
sharp shot, n.: — ^balaso. 
sharp-witted, adj., adv.; sagacious :— 

1^'an; gu^fmanjaso; listo. 
shatter, v. ir., v. i.; to damage; to break 
into pieces:— quebranta; yaya; yamag. 
shave, v. fr.;— batbas (I am shaving my- 
self: ju babatbas yd; to be shaved: 
m.a bathas). ^ 

shave, v. tr.; to shear; to cut off:— dasai. 
shave, v, tr.; to scrape; to scratch; to 
scour; to rub; to brush:— €gues; 
guagse; guesgues. 
shawl, n.; wrap; shoulder-wrap:— 

Htmadot; paiiuel6n, 
she (or he), per.'?, prori,, --gmya. 
sheaf, n.; bundle :—mano jo, 
shear, v. tr.; to shave; to cut off :— dasai^ 

trasquila; utot. 
sheath, n.: scabbard; cover:— bama. 
shed, n.; boat shed; warehouse; etc.:— 

c4nialin. 
sheep, n.: — obejaa. 
sheet, n.; sheet of paper:— phego, 
sheet, n.; bed sheet:— s^hanas; sobre 

cama. 
shell, n..'— d6gas; dogas; carac6t; lasas. 
sheU, n.; mussel: — concha, 
shell, V. tr.; to peel; to unhusk:— gu- 

gan, ^ 

shellfish, n.;— aliling. ^ 

shelter, v. tr.; to protect; to guard; to 
defend:— na-lijeng; proteje; ampara; 
defiende. 
shelter, n.; security; asylum:— Ian 

lijingan. 
shelve, v. tr,; to place on a sheit:— 

sa'jang. 
^lepherd, n.: — pastot. 
shield, n..'- besera; escudo; patang 

papatang. . , .. 

shift, n.; alteration:— inago; ymalaca. 
shiftless, adj., adv.; lazy; improvi- 
(j e i^ t : — g&gd; taiquinalamten; ti 
aaligao. 
shin, n.; shank; forepart of the leg be- 
tween tbe ankle and knee:— camllaj 
espinilla {or, caniya; ©spiniya) (y san 
m^na gui satnojot). 
shine, v. i.; to light; to lighten:— maj 
manina; m^'lag (lightning: la'mlamj 
shining: l&mlam). . 

shining, adj.; gUstening; casting radi- 
ance :—mafLlfiil&; lamlam. 
ship, n.; vessel:— batca; batco; sajyan. 
ship of war, n.; man-of-war:— bapot 

guera; batcon-mumu. 
^hirt, n.; flannel :—franela; canuseta. 



i 



shirt 



109 



silly 



I 



V.' i.; to sprout: — doc6; 



Bbirt (the short shirt of children), il.;— 

chambra; chininan patgon. 
shirt, 71.; overshirt: — chimna. 
shiver, v. i.; to have a chill (in fever 

attack): to freeze;— fugo; gugululu- 

fugo; escalefrio. 
shockiixg', adj., adv.; offensive; dis- 
pleasing: — clioeante; n3,''bubu. 
shoe, n.: — sapatos. 
shoe (of coarse leather), n.: — doga. 
shoot, n.; sprout; top of young shoot: — 

simso. 
shoot, V. f.T., V. i.: — ^paqiie; tira. 
shoot at, V, tr.; to fire upon; to bom- 
bard: — flecha; aguet; paque; bom- 

batdea. 
shoot fotth, 

manuso. 
shooting or falling star, n,; meteor: — 

goinipon pution. 
shop, n.; workshop; — c^malon. 
shopkeeper, n.; grocer; trader: — ^bf- 

bende. 
shore, n.; the coast or land adjacent to 

the sea; — oiiyan tasi. 
short, adj.; brief: — c^dad^. 
shorten, v. tr.: — ^n5,-cddada, 
shorten, v. tr.; to damage; to cheat: — 

fongna; tesgiie. 
shortsighted, adj.: — chatmata. 
shortly, adv.; soon; quickly: — ti- ab- 

mam; gus!. 
shot, n.: — tiro, 
shotgan, n.: — es-opeta,; paqtic-n pet- 

degon. 
shoulder, n.: — apaga (to load upon 

the shoulders, v. tr.: apagaye). 
shout, V. i.; to utter a loud and sudden 

cry: — umagaflg; um^salao, 
shouting, n.; yelling; clamor: — 6salao; 

inagang. 
shove in, v. tr.; to thrust in; — na- 

entalo; na-jalum. 
shovel, n.: — ^pala. 
show, V. fr.:— nSr-anug. 
show; V. tr.; to demonstrate; to exdnce;" 

to prove; — ^fS-ntie. 
show, V. tr.; to point out (with the 

finger) : — tanch6 . 
show, t'. tr.; to prove: — n&-lii- 
siiower l^ath, n.: — 6niag riegadera. 
shower of rain, n.; sudden squall: — 

snatmonx uchan; jinfgua. 
siired, n.; piece; fragment; a long nar- 
row piece torn or cut off: — ^retasos; 

pedasLto (anaco yan dd.lalae na pedaso 

matiteg pat ma utot). 
shrewd, adj., adv.; wise; prudent: — 

mSjnalum. 
shriek, v. i.; to utter a sharp, shrill 

outcry: — cumati. 
shrme,*^ n.; a sacred place or hallowed 

object:— capita (butto gui un lugat, 

pat y lugat ni ma nk santos). 
shrink, v. %.; to recoil; to withdraw; to 

contract spontaneously: — majedo; eu- 

jaye. 



shrivel, v. i.; to dry up; to become 

wrinkled: — majedo; jedo, 
shroud, n.; windm;^ sheet: — mottaja. 
shrub, n.; grass; plant; — cha''guan; 

diquiqtit na clasen trongco. 
shrubbery, n.; brush; thicket: — i».onte- 

siyo (y lugat dae man gaigue pat man 

.ma tanrae y mandiquiqul na trongco 

s^ija). 
shrug, V. tr.; to draw up the shoulders 

to express doubt or contempt: — y 

quinalamten y- apaga (y ni ui 

caiiilo y apaga taigtiije ya yanguin ti 

se-j:uro) . 
shudder, v. i.; to tremble with fear or 

horror: — 15,ulau raali''fi.ao. 
shudder, n.; cold sliiver; — escalefrio. 
shuiSe, v. tr.; to shuffle the cards: — 

yac&. 
shut, V. tr.; to close; to exclude: — 

juchom; tdmpe. 
sjiutters, n.: — tampe; jichom. 
shy, adj., adv.; timid; shunninr ap- 

pn>ach : — machaleg; yom 9 j ] ao . 
sick, adj., adv.; ill in healtiji: — laalango. 
Kick, adj., adv.; very sick; dying:— 

chafleg; chatgfiiya. 
sickly, adj.: — jfi-mla£^o; j^malaiigo. ^ 
sickness, n.; illness: — ch^tnot; mina- 

laiTgo. 
side, v.: — IS-o; hnf^.d?: or?ye. 
side, n.; part: — calaguag; echofi|iia, 
siding, n.; turnout on the road : — dniafi^.i; 

oriya; luga. 
siege, n.;— nxa-colat (y ma oriyayen un 

siudd n! nilajyan sendalo para uma 

que cliul^). 
sieve, n.; filter; inlet; passage: — c61adot; 

fanjaluman. 
sieve, v. tr.; to put through the sieve; 

to sift; — cula. 
sift, V. tr.; to put through the sieve: — 

ciila. 
sigh, V. i.; to lament; to complain: — 

Buspiros; uguiig; u^ungue. 
sigh, n.: — suspiros; inigoiig. 
sight, n.; act of seeing; power of vision: — 

rdlig. 
sig^, n.; mark; token; symbol; sign- 
board: — n}.at?a; senat; prenda. 
sign, V. tr.: — fitma. 
signal, n.: — seiLas. 

signal, V. tr.; to make signals to: — sefias. 
signature, n.: — fttma. 
significant, adj., adv.; ex|>ressiA'-e;_ im- 
portant: — ^impottajite; gAisustansia. 
silence, n.; absence of sound: — finat- 

quilo. 
silent, adj.; close; kept secret; — ^fdfat- 

quilo; quieto. 
silent, adj., adv.; taciturn; -peaceable; 

cautious; — cayao; maguim. 
silent, V. i.; to become silent; to grow 

dumb ; — umudo. 
silk, n.: — seda. 
silly, adj.; stupid; thickheaded: — tonto; 

bababa. 






silver 



110 



slim 



silver, n.;— salap§; plata. 

silver plate, v. tr.; to silver: — ^plateaj 

salapie. 
silven&mith, n.; — plater o. 
similar, adj.; resembling; ;equal: — aya; 

dcha\(Tua; parejo. 
siiapiej aaj.^ adv.; not complex; una- 

dorn-.^d; natural: — simple; manso; tai- 

U-UOtllO. 

simpleton, n.; ninny: — b&baba; tai- 

tining6; caduco. 
simultaneous, acJj., adv.; happening, 

done, or existing at the same time: — 

gujnks^^iiQiS^; sumlsija; giiigo. 
sin, n.; guilt; crime: — isau; Isao. 
sin* v.- i.; to willfully transgress: — ume- 

chofig; umisao. 
since, prep.; from a given time till now: — 

desde. 
sincere, adj., odv,: — nxagajet. 
since olden . times: — abnian; desde 

ante?;iagas. ^^^ 

since 'vviien? — desde ngaian? 
sinev/, n.; tendon; vein; nerve; fiber: — 

gugat. 
sinews, n.; tendons (on meat); — 

costrafas. 
sin.!^, r. i.: — canta. 
singer, n.: — canto t; y cacanta. 
single, adj., adv.; solo; solitary; iso- 
lated: — unoj^; mdmaisa. 
single, adj.; unmarried: — ^sottero. 
singular, adj., adv.; unique: — tinico; 

sumajiigue; mamaisa j^. 
sink, 'v. i.; to go down; to founder: — 

mafondo. 
Jsinner, n.: — cliSclietan; pecadot; y 

umfi.-=ao. 
sinner, n.; debtor: — gM-isau; fisau. 
sip, V. tr.; to imbibe in smaU quanti- 

tios; — chopchop. 
sir, n.: — sefiot. 

siren, n.; i'oghorn: — sirena; cuid, 
sister, n.; brother:— ch§la; ch^lo. 
sister-in-law, n.: — cuiiada (y qniiia- 

ddjo). 
sit, V. i.; to occupy a seat: — niatS,choiig. 
sit down: — ^fat3>ch.o£g or tacboiig. 
sitting, adj.; resting on the haunche3: — 

matdt&cho]^. 
situation, n.; position: — posisidn; situa- 

sion _ 

six, adj..: — sais; seis. 
sixth, at/;'.;— sesto; y minS sain. 
six hundred, adj.: — sais sientos. 
sixty, adj.: — sesenta. 
size, n.; greatness: — y minedung. 
skein of thread, n.; — madeja. 
skeleton, n.: — esqueleto; atmas6n. 
sketch, V. tr.; to akctch a plan; — pen- 

taye. 
skilled, adj.; experienced; versed: — es- 

peiiinentao; prdctico. 
sMilful ^in small work), adj.: — abit. 
skillful, «''J'j., adv.; learned; educated:— 

znalatt; faye. 
skin, n.; rind; husk; crust: — laaas. 
skin, ;,. f:r.; t'/ pool; — lasas; sul'an. 



skip, V. tr.; to leap lightly over; to omit:— 

i,gua; gope. 
skipper, n.: — master; sea captain: — 

magaa gui batco; capitan; maestro, 
skirt (woman's), n.;^upis. 
sky, n.; heaven: — la^it. 
slab, n.; flat piece of stone:— loaa; 

uiapanas na ach6. 
slack, adj.., adv.; slovenly; tarrying; loiter- 
ing; remiss; fiegligent; — descuidao; 
flojo. 
slacken, v. tr.,v. i.; to relax; to enervate; 
to become enervated; to effeminate: — 
cunaS,calo; n^-calo; aottiye. 
slackening, n.; letting up (of wind or 

rain) : — cayada. 
slam, r. tr.; to shut violently and with a 
loud noise: — juchom dure; n^-pang- 
pang. . . • 

slander, n.; bad words; false or malicious 
report: — caliimnia; chisme; inad^; des- 
honra (dinague pat aplach^ na cuentos 
pototro). 
slander, v. tr.; to defame; to calumni- 
ate: — maiajiyung; masangau ti m.au- 
leg; deshonra. 
slanderer, n.; calumniator; re viler: — y 

dideshonra; j^manaiigan. 
slang, n.; colloquial expression: jargon: — 
y tai areglo na clasen sinangan 
sija. _ 

slant, n.; an inclined plane: — Sgueng; 

inegueiTg. 
slap, V. tr.; to strike with the open 

hand: — patmada. 
slap, r. tr.; to slap or box some one's 

ears: — padS,; patmada. 
slash, n.; a long cut:— cliinachag; sise; 

sinise. 
slash, V. tr.; to scratch; to scar: — cfi-'guas. 
slate, VI.; alate for writing on: — ^pisara. 
slaughter m.; carnage; also the killing 
of cattle, etc., for human food: — 
piiiind; mamund (y man ma pun6 y 
guaca sija, etc., para n^ taotao). 
slave, n.; human bein^ held in bond- 
age: — esclabo. 
slavery, n.: — esclabit^d. 
slay, V. tr.; to kill:— piind. 
sleek, adj.; smooth; glossy: — ^majlos; 

mafiilili; liso. 
sleep, r. i.: — maig6; minaigo.^ 
sleeper, n.: — gi^-mdigd; y mamaigo. 
sleepiness, n.: — ^matujog; minatujog. 
sleepy, adj .:'~~-Ta.atujog; matujognaijon. 
sleeve, n.: — mailggas. 
fclender, adj., adv.; slim; thin:— ^inos; 

dalalae. 
slice, 71.; a thin piece of anything: — 

pedasito. 
slide, V. i.; to glide; to slip:— lagas; 

iumagas; sulon. 
slight, V. tr.; to neglect:— descuida; 

desatieude. 
slight, n.; neglect: — dinesatiende; di- 

nescuida. 
slim, adj., adv.; thin; slender: — inos; 
daliilae. 



slime 



111 



sociable 



slime, n.; mud; mire; {also yeast):-- 

sling, n.;— atupat; tupat; tupag. 
sling stone, n.;— acli6-atupat. ^ 
slink, V. i.; to creep away;— Hfit; lumifit; 

malago. 
slip, ?i.; the act of sllppiiig; an oversight 
or omission; indiecretion:— ilnalagruai- 
jon. 
sUp, 1). I.:— palag^; eulon. ' 
slip away, i\ tr.; to steal away; to 

escape; — falagu^ijon. 
slippers, w..— ^hancletas. 
slippery, adj., arfr,;— fanlattian; Jd- 

sulon; palagsd; latd. 
slit, n.; a long cut; a narrow opening: — 

niapt&. 
slit (m wood), n.: — quinacS.; cac3. 
slit (in a garment), n.: — beregueta. 
sloop, n,; one-masted vessel: — balandra, 
slope, n.; surface inclining downward:^ — 

egueng. 
sloping, adj., adv.; oblique; aslant; 

awry: — imiegueng; egueng:. 
sloth, n.; idleness; habitual indolence: — 

gag6; pdusa. 
slovenly, adj., adv.; tarrying; loitering; 
remiss; negligent; slack :—descuidao; 
dejao. 
slow, adj., adv.; lingering:— despltsio; 

^'cajat, 
slow, adj., adv.; lazy;— fiatifig. 
sluggard, n.; good-for-nothing fellow; 

idler;— gS.^6; osioso. 
slumber, v. i.; to sleep lightly; to doze: — 
rL§,jlala]a|; na min&igd; iriaigS ii^ijon. 
sly, adj., adv.; crafty; cunning: — plcaru; 

listo. 
snaack, v. i.; to smack with the tongue:^ 

catcat; tagtag; pa^yag. 
small, adj.; little; minute: — diquiqul. 
small (in growth), adj.: — §togoj pacha- 

cdte. 
small glass, n.; cup:— cop a. 
small glass of wine: — im copan 

bino. 
smallpox, n.; pox; — ^betgiielas. 
smart, adj., adv.; poignant; sharp; clever; 
accomplished;— sague; gus§; malat^; 
fresco. 
smash, v. tr.; to crush; to break in pieces 

by violence: — ^y&mag; yS.ya. 
smear, v. tr.; to grease: — dangse; pilae. 
smear, t). tr.: to smear over: — nfi,-fachet; 

pinilae . 
smell, n.; odor: — pan. 
smile, i'. i.: — chim^aUg jalum. 
smite, v. tr.; to strike; to kill: — panag; 

paiiite; patmada; punO. 
smith, n.; worker m metals: — fdfachd- 

ch6 ni metat sija. 
smithery, n.; blacksmith ehop:— frS-gua, 
smithy, n.; a smith's worktop; — 

jerexia. 
smoke, n.; mist; fog; vapor: — aso, 
smoke, v, i.: — £iso. 

sm^oke, v. %.; to smoke a cigar; — chu- 
mupa; chupa un chigalo. 



smoke, v. i.; to smoke a pipe: — chi- 

gand6; ohinigandd, 
smootli, adj., adv.; polished: — majlos. 
smooth, adj., adv.; even; — ^yano. 
smooth, adj., adv.; slippery: — palagsS. 
smoothen, v. ir.; to polish: — nH-majloa. 
sm.ooth out, V. ^r.;— julos. 
sniuggle, v. tr.; to import without paying 
customhouse duties:— na-lifet; fS-tinaa 
contrabando; na.-tayog sin aduana. 
snail, ».;~»acaleja. 
snake, n.; serpent: — culebla. 
snap, V, tr., v. %.; to break short or 
instantaneously; to crack; — nd.~chac§,; 
chac&; julog; majlog. 
snapshot, n.; mstantaneoue photo- 
graph: — enseguidas na niretrato. 
snare, n.; trap; lasso; loop: — laso; 

6codo, 
snarl, v. i.; to growl (like an angry dog); — 

lalald (taigtifje y laldlal6 na galago). 
snatch, v. tr.; to take or seize abruptly : — 

j4bao. 
sneak, v. i.*; to creep or steal away pri- 
vately or meanly:— umatog; malago; 
malagon umdatog. 
sneak, n.; a mean, servile fellow; petty 
thief: — tim.aiileg na taotao; saque; 
pfcaru, 
sneer, ij. t.; to scoff; to insinuate; to show 
contempt by some facial expression; — 
butlea; muyOi; saE; quibae; mofea. 
sneeze, v. i.: — achom. 
snicker, v, i.; to laugh slyly; to giggle;— 
chumaleg jS-jalom; chumaleg d^'- 
desdes. 
sniff, V. i.; to snuffle; to snuff: — ©ngiiSige. 
snipe, n.: — duHli. 
snob, n.; a vulgar person who apes 

gentility: — bronco; frion; bastos. 
snore, n.; a noisy breathing in sleep: — 

nilanan. 
snore, v. %.: — ianan. 
snort (the steer), v. i;— fofo. 
snow, 71.; — niebe. 

smib, V. tr.; to treat with designed con- 
tempt;— chabS,; n4-para; dieatiende. 
snuby n.; an intended slight:— chinabaj 

dinisatiende. 
snub-nosed, adj. : — ^mapanas-giiiei^fia. 
snuffle, iJ. i.; to speak through the 

nose :— rigogngog. 
snug, adj., adv.; concealed; compact; 
warm ;—gu6f saga; m4ipe; mafnot; 
umiatog. 
soak, V. tr.; to wet; to bathe (for a long 

time); — stimai. 
soap, n.;— j&bon. 

sob, n.; a convulsive sigh: — suspiros. 
sob, V. i,; to sigh in a convulsive manner 

with tears: — sumuspiros. - 
sober, adj., adv.; earnest; serious; grave; 

^date: — fotm&t; sin chumocho. 
socage, n,; compelled labor: — chech6 

comunid&d. 
sociable, adj., ad^.; companionable; 
affable: — ^% rnfiiidafl&; d^«aM- crji(7&- 
cho]55;. 



society 



112 



spider 



aocietyj n.; assembly; group:— inetnon. 

socks, n.: — ^meyas. 

soft, arfj., adv.; easily yielding to pre?- 



-gama; nabS-; manso; 
: tender; delicate: — 



sure; flexible:- 

soft, adj., adv.; 

znanS.&§,; delicao. 
soft, adj.; tender oi heart: — majaiias.^ 
soften, V. tr.; to hush up: — chug^a; na- 

^"cajat; nd-quieto. 
soften, V. tr.; to move the heart: — 

soil, 71.; the top stratum of the earth's 

SLirfaee; land; dirt; — SdS,. 
soil, I. tr.; to dirty: — -mayabiig:; na-od-A. 
soiled, adj., adv.; dirty: — gaifache; 

aplacha. 
solace, n.; consolation; comfort in sor- 
row: — quinesuela; aUbio. 
soldier, n.; — sendalo. 
solder, .!. tr.: — sotda. 
sole (of the foot), n.;— fangacliS-an; 

fefegu^; gacha; gagacha; suelas. 
sole, n.; wooden sawhorse: — patas. 
soleznn, adj., adv.; serious; devout:— 

yiniusan; solemne. 
BolL'it, r. tT., V, i.; to canvas; to entreat; — 

gS-p'ao; s lisita. 
solicitous adj.; careful: — ^y6daje. 
s::lid, adj.yC.dv.; not hollow: — majetog; 

entero; tiiguttco, 
SoUt iry, Qjj ; single ; lonely: — mAmaisa; 

suTiajfgu-. 
aoiuble, adj.; dissolvable; — diritiyon; 

pulani. 
solve, V. tr.; to explain: — piUa, 
some, adj.; more or leas: — ^palo 
somebody, n.: — un t3,otao; 

tiotao. 
soxneliow, adv.; by some means; in one 

way or another; — atgim m.odo; atgun 

maiiera. 
sometlung:, n.; whatsoever: — ^m.asea 

jafa; atguna cosa. 
6om.etbing left over, indicated by 

prefix an {example: wood sha\'i.ng3: 

an-sepiyo). 
sometimes, adv.; now and then; once 

in a while: — guaia na biaje. 
so inu2h, adv.; so large: — tanto. 
son, n.; a male child:— laje na patgon. 
song', n.: — cant a; cantico. 
song of praise, n.; hymn: — cantan 

ai''.bansa; gojo, 
Bon-in-la-w, n,: — ^yetno, 
soon, adt.; in a short time; quickly: — 

ti-abmam; ens^uidas. 
soot, n.; duttt haze: — asgon; tesna. 
Borserer or sorceress, n.; — cajna; 

cdcajna. 
sore, adj., adv.; tender or painful to the 

touch: — puti. 
sore, n.; ulcer; com; abscess: — grano; 

pogpog. 
sorrow, n,; mental pam; — ^majalaiig; 

pinite. 
■orrowful^ adj., adv.; downcast: — triste. 



un tal 



so then, adv., conj.; thus; conse- 
quently:— pot eiiau.._ 

sort, n.; a kind or species: — clase. 

soul, n.: the inner man; heart: — ante; 
jinalum. ^ 

aound, n.; noise: — -somdo; buruca. 

sound thrashing, n.: — binabS,; sindulag. 

soup, n.: — sop as. 

soup, n.; meat broth:— cado; cat-do. 

sour J adj., adv.; acid; tart; bitter: — 
cacaleg; laileg; mda<^som. 

south, n.: — jaya; ean jaya; gui jaya. 

southeast wind, ?i.;— manglo snt- 
este. 

southwest wind, n.; — bendahdt; man- 
glo sut-ueste. 

sow, v. tr.; to plant: — tanum. 

sow, n.; a female pig: — puetca. 

space, n.; extension; room: — ^lugat. 

spacious, a/^j., adv.; wide; roomy :—f€da; 
ancho; milugat; daiigculo na lugat. 

spade, n.: — pala. 

span, n.; brief portion or extent of 
time: — cfi,dada; cadad^ na tiempo; 
tetmino. 

Spanish, language, n.: — fin6 lago (lan- 
guage of the north). 

Spanish, pepper, n.: — don^. 

spare, v. tr., v. i.; to use in a frugal 
manner:^ — n^-libre. 

sparing, adj.; frugal; abstemious: — yo- 
daje. 

spark, n.: — chispas. 

speali, I', tr., v. i.; to talk; to say; to 
utter ; also to entertain ; to amuse : — alog; 
cuentoy; adiii^an; adingane. 

speak against, v. %.; to contradict: — 
contradise. 

special, adj.; distinct; particular: — 
sajn^ue; sumajiigue. 

specially, ac^i>.; particularly; in particu- 
lar: — aumasajngue; espesiatmente. 

specimen, n.; sample; — muestra; uno 
gui dinana. 

spectacles, n.; — antechojos. 

spectator, n,; beholder: — y maiiUlid; 
y um^eg^. 

speculate, v. i.: — atotgaye (com^tsio); 
considera; jasuye. 

speech., n.; talk; discourse; oration: — 

cuentos; discutso; orasion; siuaiigan. 
speed, n.; velocity; quickness: — ciiina- 

deg. 
speedy, adj., adv.; quick: — chadeg. 
speU, v. tr.; to name the letters in a word 

consecutively: — deletrea, 
spend, V. tr.; to spend money; to ex- 
pend: — gasta. 
spend time, v. tr,; to occupy: — emplea. 
spendthrift, n.; lover; gallant: — ^fan- 

da^guero; pr6digo; gdstadot. 
sphere; n.; a globe or globular body: — 

esfero; iuadameloi^. 
spice, n.v relish:— espSsia; pindupau; 

minanxiguc. 
spider, n.:— sanyd^S (small spider); 
apayujag (large spider). 



spider 



113 



stammer 



spider, n.; spider's ^-eb: — arafiaa; ti- 

r arenas. 
spill, V. tr.; to let a liquid run out of a 

vessel: — chudS..' 
spin, V. tr.: — jilS,; na-quililog. 
spine, n.; backbone: — espinaso. 
spinster, n.; unmarried "woman: — sot- 

t6ra. 
spirit, n.; the soul: — espiritu. 
spirit, 71.; courage: — curaje; minatatnga. 
spirited, adj., adv,; courageous; daring: — 

animoso. 
spiritual, adj.: — iyon espiritu; espiri- 

tudt. 
spit out, V, tr.: — bojbo: bojbuye. 
spit out; V, t.,' to spew forth; to vomit: — 

tola, 
spite, n.; ill will or hatred toward 

another: — odio; china tli^. 
splash, V. ?'.; to dabble in the water; to 

swim : — nemp ate . 
splash, n.: — palaspas. 
spleiadid, adj., ndt.; brilliant; famous; 

magnificent: — gatbo; bonito; famoso. 
splendor, n.; pomp; maG;nificence:— 

guinatbo; rain4''laj?; dindngculo. 
splice, X. tr.; to unite two ropes:— totche. 
spHnter, n.; splint: — }h/le\ estiyas, 
split, V. i.; to spring apart: — mapS; 

cacti. 
split, V. tr., V. i.; to cleave; to sUt; to 

divide: — ^ip^; putfl. 
spoil, V. i.; to become, malodorous:— 

pog:sen. _ 

spoil, V. tr.; to ruin; to destroy: — yulang; 

nA.-tdilaye. _ 

spoug-e, 71.; — espongja. 
sponge, n./ mushroom: — inapulS-ijan; 

payon dujendes. _ 
sponger, n.; parasite: — didinag. 
spook, n.; ghost: — fafSAagiie; fantiisma; 

plantdsma. 
spoon, n.: — cuchala. 
sport, n.; diversion; play; athletics: — 

juego. 
spot, n.; stain; blemish: — mancha. 
spout, n.; projecting mouth of a vessel: — 

pico; bibig. 
sprain, v. tr.; to sprain a joint; to pull 

out; also to wean a child: — gunus; 

aplefl^. 
spread, adj.; scattered; diffused; dis- 
seminated {sickness; teachings, etc.): — 

machalapun. 
spread, v. tr.; to weed out; to use up: — 

jut6. 
spread, u. tr.; to propagate: — nH-famta. 
spread abroad (rumors, etc.), ■p. p.; di- 
vulged; diffused:— chaiapun. 
spread out, v. tr.: to stretch out: — 

eatira; n^-ma-chalapun. 
spring, V. %.; to leap or bound: — gope; 

tS.yogiie. 
spring (spiral), n.; — mueye. 
spring (a season of the year), n.: — ^prima- 

bera. * 
sprinkle, v. tr.; to scatter in small 

drops : — calangca^^e. 



srrout, V. tr,; to bring forth fruit; — 

znanog^h&. 
sprout, V, i.; to shoot forth; to grow: — 

doc 6; l^chog. 
sprout, V. i.; to gfow back again: — 

maftuso. 
sprout (especially referring to the 

banana plant) , n.; — guilug y chetda. 
spur (of the fighting cock), n.; — gspolon. 
spurn, V. tr.; to throw away; to cast 

away; to repudiate: — desecha. 
spurs* (of the rider), n.: — espuelas. 
spy, V. tr,; to reconnoiter: — espla. 
spy, n.: — espia, 
spyglass, n.; small telescope; — ^latga- 

bista. 
squadron, n.: — escuadr6n. 
squalid, adj.; foul; extremely dirty: — 

aplachS,. 
squall, n.; sudden shower of rain: — 

jinigua. 
squander, v. tr.; to waste; to Bcatter; to 

destroy :^-chfi,pun; chalapun; despet- 

dfsia; nS,-falingo. 
squandering, n.; lavishness; prodigal- 
ity: — despetdisio. 
squandering, adj., adv.; lavish; prodi- 
gal : — despetdisiao. 
square, adj.; four-corned; quadrangu- 
lar: — cuadrao. 
square, n.; frame: — cuadro. 
squash, n.: — calamasa; mi'ilon. 
squat, V, %.: to sit down on the haras or 

heels; — deja; dumeja. 
squeeze, v. tr.; to pinch; to tweak: — 

d^on; jono. 
squeeze out, v. tr.; to press out: — 

fiigd. 
sqpinting, adj.: — quitan; atanunbanda. 
squirt, n.; syringe: — jeleflgga. 
stab, i'. tr., V. i.; to pierce; to stick; to 

peck: — s§sd; dulug; defigcot. 
stab, n.; thrust:— tine gch^; sinds^. 
stable, arfj.; fixed; firm; constant:— dura- 
ble; fijo; fitme. 
stable, n.; building for lodging horses; 

cattl^, etc.: — cabayerisa; sagan gS-ga. 
staff, n.; stick:— baculo; baston. 
stag, n.; the male of the deer: — toron- 

benado. 
stage, 71.; platform: — satgue; edas. 
stagger, v. i.; to totter; to reel: — 

m&figag; ma tu Id^ijon. 
stagger, v. tr.; to cause to quake or 

tremble: — n^-liulau. 
staging, n.; scaffolding: — andS-mioj 

andame. 
stagnant; adj.; not flowing; torpid; 

dull: — qui© to; taiquinalamten. 
stain, V. tr.; to desecrate: — n&-niancha. 
stair, n.; step; flight of steps: — guaut. 
stake, n.; post; pole; pale: — estaca; 

jotcon. 
stale, adj.; not fresh; vapid; taste- *^»»- — 

descalintao; maJEingue. 
stalk (grasslike), n.; straw: — calia; paja. 
stanuner, v. i.; to falter in speaking: — 

tumattanaudo; lilache an cumuentos. 



stammerer 



114 



stool 



stunmerer, n.; stutterer: — y chumal&- 

lanichaxn; tattamudo ; ch^chalam chain . 
stamp} V. tr.; to crush; to impress:^ 

fig^uea; gachS,; matca, 
stamp, n.; postage stamp: — seyo. 
stand, V. %.; to be erect:— tojgue. 
stand, V. i.; to get up: — cajul6; tacho; 

tojgue. 
standard} n.; flag:— bandera; estan- 

datte. 
stand security for, v, tr.; to bail; to 

warrant: — ^fumiadfit; cuentaye. 
staple, n.; the chief production of a 

country: — sust&nsia; y mas impot- 

tante na producton un tan6. 
star, n.: — ^putidn. 

star, n.; also poached e^^g: — es trey as. 
stare, v. i.; to look sharply: — atan fljo; 

dochon na inatan. 
starftsh, n.; sea star: — :estreyas tasi, 
start, n.; beginning: — ^prinsipio. 
starve, v. i.; to suffer extreme hunger:— 

jocog-fialafig; cana m^tai iialai^. 
State, n.; territory: — estado; mando. 
State, n.; empire; realm: — imperio. 
State, n,; government: — gobietno. 
state, n.; condition: — estado; eetao. 
stately, adj.; magnificent; portly; splen- 
did (as to stature): — buenaplanta. 
statue, n,; — ^butto. 
statement, n.; narrative; recital: — 

sinan|:an; rason. 
stay, V. i.; to remain; to abide; — su- 

maga; sa^a. 
steady, a(/^, adv.; fixed; regular: — 

quieto; fijo. 
steady ! mle/-j".; — duroladaje! 
steak, n.; slice of beef for broiling: — 

pedason sensen (catne) para ma n& 

lago. 
steal, r. tr.; to purloin:— mafi^que; 

gaque; t^sgiie; man^ague. 
steal away, v. i.; to escape; to slip 

away; — falagu4i]on; umescapa. 
steam, n.; also steamer:— bapot. 
steam boiler, n.: — catdero; fan loc- 

lugan. 
steam engine, n.: — maquinan bap6t, 
steel, n.; — asero. 

steep, arfj,, adv.; precipitous: — didog. 
steep declivity, n.; almost perpednicuiar 

slope: — didog. 
steer, n.; young male ox: — torete; 

nobiyito. 
steer, v. tr.; to direct a vessel with the 

holm: — uUng; ukn; gobietna. 
steersman, n.; boatswain: — ^patr6n ga- 

laidd; piloto; timonero. 
stem, V. tr.; to prop firmly against; to 

support:— to jne; fojiie. 
stem, n.;— c&cal^; cacayo. 
stem, V. IT.; to resist; to check; to dam: — 

esteuS^ca; na-para; prcsa. 
stench, n,; str'"^ offensive odor; — 

minitu£g; nilamug. 
step, n.; footstep: — paso. 
stfep (a long step), n.; bolt: — ixxkgxxt. 



step, D. %.; to go on; to tread:— fegu6; 

mamegu^; mamocat; pocat. 
step, n.; grade:— grade, 
step by step, adj.; by degrees; gradual: — 

adomldidl. ^ 

stepdaughter, n.: — ^entenada. 
step down, v. %,: — tunog. 
stepfather, n.: — ^pairasto. 
stepmother, n.: — mairasta. 
step, n.; passage: — ^paso; fanmalofanan;^^ 

fanf^pusan. 
stepson, n.: — entenado. 
sterile, adj.; barren; producing little or 

no crop: — consado; esterit; angl6; tdi- 

minauie^ naodH. 
stern, arf?., adv.; severe; harsh: — cum- 

plido; fotmat; cru^l, 
stew, t?. tr.;' to boil slowly: — sotne. 
stew, n.; goulash: — guinisa; estufao, 
stick, n.; staff; cane baton: — ^bfiston; 

galuti. 4 

stick, n.; pointer: — ^punter o. 
stick, V. i.; to adhere: — niL-cheton; pega.. 
stick fast, V. %.: — cheton. 
stick, vAr.^ XK i.; to sting; to peck; to stab; 

to pierce: — defigcot; dosug; dulug; 

s^s€. _ 

sticky, adj.; glutinous: — dangso^. 
stiff, adj., «dv.; rigid; inflexible: — tiso. 
stiff (from fright), adj.; unbending:— 

'tiso. 
stifle, ^. i.: — na-chatjagong; n4-mafnot 

jumago^, 
still, adj.; at rest; without motion; quiet;. 

calm; silent;— quieto. 
still waters, n.; overflowing the bank: — 

ma-estajagca. 
still waters, n..*— quieto na januni. 
stimulate, v. tr.; to admonish; to in- 
cite: — cuca. 
sting (of a bee), n.: — titogchS,. 
stingy, adj.; avaricious: — chS.ttau;; 

iatga; mesquino. 
stink, V. i.; to emit a strong, offensive 

odor: — mutong; larnog. 
stipulation, n.; condition: — condisidn. 
stir, V. tr.; to move to emotion:— yeng- 

yong; atborota. 
stir, V. tr.; to shake: — chauchau; lite. 
stir up, I', tr.; to move; to set in motion: — 

lejgufi.; chal^jgua; chalduchau. 
stirrup, n.: — estribo. 
stitch, V. tr., V. i.; to sew: — lagse. 
stock, n.; store :—pinMoj fin^mduleg; 

guinaja. 
stocking, n.: — meyas. 
.stole (priestly), n.: — estola. 
stoker, n.; fireman: — fogonero. 
stomach, n.: — est6mago; tuyan. 
stone, n.; rock; cliff: — ach6. 
stone, n.; kernel; seed (of fruits, etc.): — 

fensd. 
stone, V. tr.; to throw stones: — fagas; 

dagao; madch6. 
stone tiarow, n.; — din&gau. 
stool, n.; seat without a back: — tS>cho£g; 

nl tai ap6. 



stoop 



115 



style 



i I 



stoop, V. i.; to bend thp body downward 

and forward: — gdje; mfL^^^mdna, 
stop, V. i..; to cease; to finish; to be dis- 
continued; to come to an end: — 

bumasta; fagp6; magtUB. 
stop, 1?. I.; to stand still: — ^paxa. 
stop, V. i.; to delay; to stay: — tatnon; 

apmam; abmam. 
storage room, n.: — atmas^n. 
store, n,; saloon; tent: — tenda; tienda. 
storekeeper, n.: — tender o. 
storeroom, n.: — bodega; fam61uyan. 
stores, 71.; supply of provisions: — 

probisi6n. 
store, up, V. tr.; to stock up; to lay in 

stock: — amontona; f^mduleg; n^- 

ctnon. 
storm, 71.; — ^pagyo; chitadn. 
stormy, adj.: — p&pttgyo. 
stormy sea, ti..* — napo y tasi. 
story, n.; tale; speech; word: — sin- 

angan; cuentos; jemplo. 
stove, n.: — fogon. 
stout, mj.: — yomog; yomsan. 
straggle, v. i.; to lag behind: — rriamS,- 

tate; eumuja; sumaj^ue. 
straight, adj.; just; right; lawful; 

honest : — tunas . 
strain, n.; effort: — quinalamten; ine- 

stira; fuetsa. 
strain, i!. tr.; to filter: — cula; n^-£;:3.sgas. 
strain, v. tr.; to stretch; to injure: — 

nach^^'tan. 
strand, v. i.; to run aground; to go 

ashore; to get stalled: — gane; ogan. ' 
strange, adj., adv.; belonging to another 

country; unusual: — estraflo; ti seso ma 

li6 pat majufigog. 
strange, adj.; foreign: — estrafio; guinin 

y chag6. 
stranger, n.: — estranjero; taotao ju- 

yu^. 

strangle, v, tr.; to choke; to throttle; to 

catch by the throat; — nucot. 
strap, n.; long piece of leather: — coreas. 
straw, n.: — ^paja. 

stream, n.; current: — coriente; minilag. 
street, n.; road; path: — cholan; caye. 
strength, n.; force; power; vigor: — 

finejman; finette; jinilat; fuetsa; mi- 

netgot. 
strengthen, i\ tr.; to confirm; — con- 

fltma; ayuda; n^-gdimiaetgot. 
strengthen, -v, tr.; to enliven; — nt- 

bratao. 
strengthen, v. tr.; to fasten: — nfi,- 

meton; na-fitme. 
strengthen, v. tr.; to insure; to make 

fast: — nft-fttme; na-seguro. 
strengthen, v. tr.; to reinforce: — ayuda. 
stretch, v. tr.; to draw out to greater 

length or width: — estira. * 

stretch out, v. tr.; to spread out: — 

nama-chalapun; baba. 
strew asunder, v. tr.; to disperse; to 

scatter about; to dispel: — chaiapun. 



strict, adj., arft?.; straight; narrow; close: — 

angosto. 
strict, adj., adv.; accurate; precise; ex- 
act: — estricto; cumplido. 
stride, n.; a long step in walking:— 

ia3.gu&. 
strife, 71.; discord; conflict: — in&gua- 

guat; pldito. 
strike, v. tr.; to hit with a blow: — pafidte. 
strike, v. tr.; to thrust: — to:i^^oSg^; 

siu^; panag. 
string, n.; cord; line: — coddSt; pita, 
strive, v. i.; to labor hard or earnestly; — 

aguaguate; fachdchiie. 
stroke, n.; knock; blow: — dineiogdoirg;; 

gotpe. 
stroke of the bell, n.: — toque, 
stroll, V. %.; to stroll around; to go around 

idly: — ^Ifi-'Vau. 
strong, adj., adv.; energetic: — gaibit- 

tud; masiso. 
strong, adj.^ adv.; durable: — ^maog. 
strong, adj., adv.; hard; fast; firm: — 

fitme. 
strong, adj.y adv.; vigorous; robust: — 

fotte; fuette; me^ot. 
strop (for sharpening the razor), n.; — 

pasad6t. 
steuctuxe, n.; edifice; building: — con- 

strucsion; plinantan guma. 
stub, n.; stump of a tree; — trofigco; 

antitdt trongco. 
stubborn, adj., adv.; coarse: — chtdeg; 

machaleg; bastos. 
stubborn, adj.; obstinate; dogged; stiff- 
necked: — Stagtag; fembeste; rebetde; 

ti tratusan; rebetde. 
stubborn, adj.^. adv.; perverse; hard: — 

atagtag. 
stuck up, adj.; self-opinionated: — 

otguyoso; mamam§,''ga8. 
student, n.; scholar; — coleale; estudi- 

ante. 
study, V. tr.; to imitate; to learn: — eyag; 

estijdia. 
stuff, V. tr.; to press; to pack: — siniye; 

BOf 



stumble, v. %.; stagger: — matompd. 
stumps of a tree, n.; piece: — troflgco; 

4nutot troS^co. 
stun, V. tr.; to astonish; to surprise 

completely : — jonga£g. 
stunned, adj.\ stupefied:— naajfi^a^. 
stupid, adj., adv.; foolish; silly; dim; 

simple: — baba; dlangS,; langS,; totpe. 
stupid, adj.; unsteady; disunited; — 

atarant&o. 
stupidity, n.; foolishness; silliness:— 

binaba. 
sturdy, adj.; stubby; robust; — metgot; 
. fotnido; mafnot. 
stutter, V, i.: — tumattamudo. 
stutterer, n.; stammerer: — ch&chalam- 

cham; tattamudo. 
sty, n.; a p6n or inclosure for swine; 

pigsty ;— chequero. 
style,, n.; fashion; manner :^ — ^moda. 



suave 



116 



STiperntimerary 



suave , adj.: siteet :— suabe . 

subdue, r. tr.; to compel; to force; to 

constrain; to coerce:— af us tsas. 
subdue, V, tr.; to conquer; to vanquish; 

to forbid; to prevent; to proliibit:— 

iulat; chom*i. 
subject, n.; one under the^power or 

control of another: — tentagd. 
subject, 71.; theme; material:— sujeto. 
subjected, a£?j..-— masvijeta. 
subiinie, adj.; awe-inspiring;— gatbo; 

uLi'manman, 
submarine, n.;— submarino; lyon y 

papa tasi. 
submerge, r. tr., v. i.; to submerge m 

water; to immerse: — ficg^og; supug; 

lumus. 
submissive, adj., adv.; meek; humble:— 

hiunitde. 
submit, r.tr.,v. i.; to yield; to surrender; 

to resign: — entrega. 
subordinate, adj.; inferior in rank, 

po'.ver, or position: — tagpapa na; gue 

paua; depcndientc. 
subs'equently, adi.; later:— tumatate; 

subsiGuiente. 
subsistence, n.; maintenance; liveli- 

hood:— n^ncan6; nilal^; sustento.^ 
substance, n.; matter; being:— gMniya; 

sustaiisia . 
suburb, n.; borough: — bario; y onya. 
succeed, i. i.; to accomplish something 
attf^mptcrd; to prosper :—gana; adc- 

lama. 
success, n.; event:— suseso; gumana; 

successful, V. I.; to be successful; to be 

lucky:— i'agchai; suette. 
successful, adj., adv.; fortunate; lucky; 

happv;— felis; afottunao; magof. 
succsssive, adj.; consecutive :— uma- 

tattiye. . ■,. ^. 

successor, n.; offspring:- desenoiente. 
succinct, adj., adv.; tersely expressed:— 

cadada. 
succor, V. tr.; to help; to assist;— socore; 

a.--iste; ayuda. _ 
succulent, adj.; juicy:- mesgO; metgo 
such, adj.; the same that, or, as referred 

to:— taigiiije; taiguenao. 
suck in, v: tr.; to suck in drop by drop:— 

chopcliop; masmas. 
sudden, adj., adv.; abrupt:— derepente. 
sudden attack, n.; penetration:— 31- 

natme; achaque. 
sue, V. tr.; to i>rogccutc at law: — de- 

m.anda. 
sujier, r. i; to feel with a sense ot pam:— 

chuot; padcse; puti. 
sufEer, v. %.; to permit:— sunken; polo, 
.suffer peraecution, f. %.; to be pur- 

HUi;d:— m&-emog; ma-petrngue. 
sufier want, v. i..— jailas; taya. 
suffice, V. i.; to be adequate :—na-nft- 

ion&. . — . 

sufficient, adj., adv.; enough:— na]ofi|. 
Buifocatc, V. t..— na-chatjagong; na- 

taijinagoiig. 



sugar, n..— asucat. 

sugar box, n.; container for sugar: — 

asucarera. 
sugar apple, n.: — atis. 
sugar cane, n.;— tupo;_ cana dulse. 
sugar cane plantation, n.: — fana- 

puyan (tupo). 
sugar mill, n.: — trapiche. 
suggest, r. tr.; to hint; to insinuate:- 

inbenta. . 

suicide, n.; person who commits sui- 
cide: — pinind m^isa. 
suit, n.; process at law:— que j a; dme- 

manda. 
suit, r. tr.; to accommodate; to please:— 

na- ay a ; n^-magof ; complase . 
suitable, adj., adv.; fit; appropriate; 

adapted :—aprop 6sito . 
suitable, adj., adv.; capable; stout; 
strong; proper; vigorous; robust:— 
brabo. 
suit case, n.;— balisa (probahhj from the 

J^ngZisfe valise); maleta. 
sult>iiur, n.;— 0-sg^. . , , • 

sulphurate, v. tr.; to smoke with brim- 
stone; to bleach with sulphur; to im- 
pregnate with sulphur:— asgae. 
sum,*"7i.; evervthiiig:— todo. 
sum, n.; the whole or total:— suma; 

total. ^ 

summary (of contents), 71.:— flnengna; 

manadidid^ y minegae. ^ 
summer, n.; a siason ot the year:— 
tiempon maipe; berano; faiiomnagan. 
summon, v. tr.; to call; to invite; to 
announce a marriagejrom the pulpit; to 
call together:— agang; agaiigue. 
s tux, n.: — a t dau . ^ , 

sunburned, adj.; red: — ataga; aagua; 

tininon-somnap. ^ 
Sunday, n.:^damenggo. 
sunder, v. tr.; to separate; to divide; to 

remove: — desa.patta; dibide. 
sunlight,?!.;— ininan atdau; somnap. 
suns-hade (umbrella), n..— payo. 
sundries, n. pL; numerous small or mis- 
cellaneous articles or matters:— m§gae 
na guinaja pat jinafa; uiios cuantos. 
sunk, p. p.:— mafondo. 
sunken, adj.; lying on the bottom of the 

sea:— g^igue guifondo. 
stmny, adj.; bright; warm:— gucf-i&an; 

magot;bula somnap. ^ ^ 
stmsliine, n.: — semnap; imnan atdao. 
sup, V. tr.; to eat aupper;— fangu^pe; 

guape;8ena. , 4. -i* 

superb, adj.; grand; stately:- tagajlo; 

ma'gas; gatbo, 
superficial, adj.; not thorough:— ma- 

mS-ya; ti cabales. 
Biy)erfluous, adj., arfi;.:— demasiao; 

sosobla. 
superior; adj.; different; diverse; vari- 
ous :—t&iachaigua. 
supernumerary, adj.; exceeding the 

number stated or required:— mampos; 

mas que y ma ueaesita. 



supersede 



117 



swivel 



supersede, v. tr.; to come into, or take, 

the place of: — t&jeru.«- ^ 

superstition, n.:-- cMtjinenggue; su- 

pertision. 
supervision, n.; th<? act of supervising:— 

zn0,gase; gu^ jilfti. 
supper, 71..— sena. 
supply, V. tr.; to ifurnish; to provide: — 

nS,-na3ong; n^-fjuaja, 
support, V. ir.; to stem; to prop firply 

against: — tojne. 
support (by pillars), v^ tr.; to ?et; to 

sustain : — na-f atachong; soatiene . 
support, 1'. ir.; to hold, or offer, the 

hand; to hold back:— mantiene; na- 

ap6; ayuda. 
support, i\ tr.; to tolerate; to bear; to 

endure; to sustain:— aguante; smigon; 

sostiene. 
support, n.; platform: — ^postiso; satgue. 
suppose, V. tr.; to imagine; to assume 

as true: — ^supone. 
supposedly, adv.; — calan jonguiyon. 
suppress, v. tr.; to keep secret; to be 

silent about:— fatq.uilo; fatquiUiye. 
suppress, v. tr.; to subdue; to crush: — | 

oprime; ]5n6; gachS.. 
suppurate, v. i.; to fester: — fafiugo; 

maiiugo. 
sure, adj., adv.; certain; Becure: — ftjo. 
sure, adj., adv.; true; sincere; frank: — 

magajet. 
surety, n.; guaranty against loss_ or 

damage; guarantee: — aEeguridS.; sine- 

gUTO. 

surf, n.; breakers; waves:- — napo. 
surge (the waves), v. i.; to roll or rise 

high: — n^napo. 
surgeon, n.; doctor; physician:— aamte; 

medico, 
surly, adj., adv.; rough; uncivil; churlish; 

morose; ill-natured: — bastos; mala 

maixa; presomido. 
surmount, v. tr.; to overcome; to con- 
quer:— gu^ jilfti; julat; gana._ 
surname, family name:— apeyido. 
surpass, v. tr.; to excel; to overtop: — 

diles; igue. 
sitTprise, i'. ir.; to take unawares; to lay 

hold of:— jiguef; jongang. 
surrender, v. ir.; to cede; to resign; — 

rinde; entrega; ren\insia. 
surround, v. tr.; to inclose on all sides: — 

lelic^i; uriyaye. 
surrounded, p. p.; inclosed :-"mare- 

dondea; ma uriyaye. 
survey, v. tr.; to contemplate; to con- 
sider; — considera. 
survive, v. tr,; to outlive: — lSiaia,j&; 

tatatte m^tae. 
suspect, V. tr.; to have a suspicion of; 

to mistrust:— suspecha; sogne. 
suspend, v. tr.; to delay:— canS.; na 

parann^ijon. 
suspenders, n.: — tirante. 
suspicion, n.; mistrust: — desconfiansa. 
suspicion, v. i.; to believe: — sospecha. 



suapiciovis, ndj., odr.; distrustful:— 

josg-tT.an; soepochoso. 
sustain, v. tr.; to suppprt; to maintain; to 

nourish :—nS,-lS.lS,; na-chocho; asiete. 
sustenance, n.; livelihood; subsist- 
ence: — abio; nengcaii6. 
swaddle, r. tr.; swathe; to wrap up; to 

infold : — af uyut . 
swallow, n.;-^yay&guag. 
swallow, V. h'.; to ffulp down, without 

masticatitig or chewing: — ales; panot 

ale.?. 
swallow, n.; gul]>; draught: — ^pinafLot. 
swamp, n.; body of stagnant water; 

lagoon; pool:— jag6i; sesonyan. 
swampy, adj.; §ot*t; wet: — flojmon, 
swarm, r. i.; to flock; to pile; to heap: — 

man-etnon, 
swarm, n.; dock; pile; heap: — catdume. 
swarm of bees: — catdumen abejas. 
sway, n.; dominion; authority: — ^nina- 

sifia; guinibietna, ^ 

swear, v. i.; to utter an oath:— sangan 

desparate. 
swear, r. tr., r. i.; to take oath to; to 

pledge by oath; — jula. 
swear allegiance to, v. ir,; to pay hom- 
age to; to regard: — atiende; guaiya; 

manjula para u. 
swear falsely, r. %.; to commit perjury; — 

chS.tjula; chatmanjula. 
sweat, V. %.; io perspire: — masa-jalum j 

mumasajaluni . 
sweat, n.; perspiration: — m-asa-jalum. 
sweep, r. tr.; to clean v,''ith a broom: — 

bale, 
sweepings, n.; refuse; what is thrown 

out: — ^basula, 
sweet, adj., adv.: — m.amis. 
sweetheart, ."..; lover; loved one: — 

n6bia; gu^iyayon; y man guaiya. 
sv/'eet potato, ?i.: — camute; camote. 
sweU, V. *r.; to cause swelling; to in- 
flate :—binila; bula; pogpog. 
swell, V. i.; to expand; to enlarge: — 

dumang-ciilo; maestira. 
swelter, i'. 'tr.; to provoke:— n&-ma- 

majlao; na-bubu; nS-o'son. 
swift, adj., adv.; fleet; quick:~gusl; 

chadeg. 
swim, V. i;— nango. 
swindler, n.; rogue:— palachS,; tram- 

poso; chegl^; faf&baba. 
swindling, ri./ cheating; knavery: — 

trinamposo; tin^baba; tinesgUe. 
swine, n.; pig; pigskin: — cochino^ 

babue; babui. 
swing, V. tr., v. i.; to wave; to brandish: — 

na-gupo; yalib&o, 
swing, 1'. i.; to rock; to seesaw: — ^bal- 

anse; balausea. 
swing, V. tr., v. i.; to rock; to undulate: — 

bSlembau; chucan. 
swing the rod, v. tr.: — chauli. 
swivel, n.; twisting link in a chain;— y 
aniyon lulug nl lumllilicd gui pun- 
tan cadena pat masea mano. 



swollen 



118 



tempest 



swollen^ V. i.; to be swollen:— mamog- 

pog; manbula. 
sword, n.; saber: — espada; eable. 
syllable, n.: — sQaba. 
symbol, ri.; sign or emblem; — signo; 

. sefidt. 
syxnmetricalf adj.; proportionate: — si- 

zaetxic&t; man idanche ; man ay a. 
sympath^atic, adj., adv.; compasaioD- 

ate: — ^yo6«S. 
sympathizing, adj., adv.; thankful; 

grateful: — ^mag&om jlnalum; peniti- 

yiye; agradesido. 



symptom, n.; token or sign:— sefiat. 

synonym, n.; word having the same sig- 
nification as another :-;-sin6iiimo; un 
palabra ni parejo significasioniia yan 
otro. ^ 

syringe, n.; squirt: — jelei^ga. 

syrup, n.: — atoibat; maraes na chugfi. 

systeni, n.; orderly arrangement; method 
of transacting business: — Bistem.a; 
mduleg na areglo. 

systematical, adj., adv.; accordii^ to 
system: — siBtemlitico; jaf taimano y 
ilelegiia y areglo. 



T. 



table, n.:— laanasa. 
tablecloth, n.; altar cloth; — m.anteles. 
taciturn, adj., adv.; peaceful: — fafat- 
quilo. 

tack, V. %.: — ^botdo. 

tackle, n.; pulley: — lichefig;. 

tact, n.; discernment and skill in speech 

and deportment: — tacto; sinient«; fin- 
aye; pinacha; inete; tiningo. 
tail, n.: — colaj dadalag. 
tailless, adj.: — lS,bon. 
tailor, n.: — sastre. 
take, V. t\; to seize hold of; to obtain; 

to catch: — c^ulS; Jacot; cone. 
take along, i\ It.: — chul^'janau. 
take apart (machinery), i\ ir.: — n%~ 

4dispatta. 
take away, v. It.; to remove; to send 

away : — nA-jUnau. 
take, V. it.; bring; — atd; chul§, 
take care of: — adaje. 
take down, i-. Vr.; to snatch down: — 

chapag: jala papa. 
take courage, r. i.: — abiba; na-animofc:o. 
take pains, v. %.; to endeavor; X^j try:— 

empefia. 
take possession, v. tr.: — maiitiene; 

ocupa; Bajguane; sagaye ; na-gdich#ch6; 
, na-chAtsaga; tdnig. 

take prisoner, r. ir.: — cautiba; preso. 
take root, v. %.: — fanjale; manjal^. 
take root, i. i.; to become strong: — 

fumitnae. 
take, V. tr.; to seize; to pack; to hold 

fast: — guot. 
take unawares, v. tr.; to surprise: — 

jiguef. 
talent,n.; mental capacity : — tinemtom. 
talk, V. i.; to converse; to speak; — 

cuentos; umddiiigan. 
talk (to talk about the faults of others), 

V. Jr.; to ridicule (someone); — chateue. 
talk silly, v. tr.; to talk twaddle: — 

bum&baba. 
talkative, adj.^ adv.; gossipy: — xnefnd; 

ilangilaiig. 
talloWf n.; — sebo. 
taUow^-candle, n.; — da^ues sebo. 
timie, V, tr.; to soothe; to calm: — 

nft-manso. 



tan, V. tr.; to tan leather; to dye: — 
tuncLO. 

tank, n.; cistern or reservoir;— tanque. 

tape, n.: — ^pedason magago ni d^lalai; 
jilon. 

tar, n.: — atquitr&n. 

tardy, adj., adv.; late; dilatory; reluc- 
tant; — atrasfirO. 

tariff, n.: — taxifa. 

tarry, v, i.; to loiter; to lii^er; to hesi- 
tate; to be tardy: — um-abmam; pum- 
araniiiiion. 

tarrying, adj., adv.; loitering; negli- 
gent; slovenly; slack: — descmd4o. 

task, n.: — tarea, 

tassel, n.; tuft; ornamental knot; tress: — 
botlas. 

taste, n.; joy; — gusto; tinamtam. 

taste, V. tr.; to try; to attempt;— ^3hagui. 

tasteless, adj.; unpalatable: — taisabot- 

tasteless, adj.; offensive; repugnant: — 
desabiido. 

tasteless, adj., adv.; vexatious; — mata- 
pai%. 

tastelessness, n.; insipidity: — dine- 
sabrido. 

tax, n.; excise; duty; impost; — con- 
tribusi6n. 

tea, n.; — cha. 

teapot (of earthenware), n.: — charera. 

teach, V. tr.; to instruct: — ^f&ng,'giie; 
chachalane; nSi-eya^. 

tear, n.;— lagd. 

tear, v. tr.: — sdcai. 

tear (to tear into pieces), v. tr.: — 
ySbalag; titeg. 

tear, v. %.; to burst; to break loose; — 
bogbog. 

tear, v. tr.; to tear out: — ^b6og. 

tease, v. tr.; to banter; to mock: — caei; 
tucfi.. 

telegram, n.; — tel6grama. 

telegraph, n.: — tel^grafo. 

telephone, n.: — tel6fono. 

tell, V. ir.; to speak; to say: — alog. 

temper, n.; mood; natural inclination: — 
jgnio; genio. 

temperance, n.; abstinence; — chinemfi,; 
choma; templansa. 

tempest, n^ hurriance; tumult: — ^ira; 
pagyo; atboroto. 



swollen 



118 



tempest 



swollen^ V. i.; to be swollen:— mamog- 

pog; manbula. 
sword, n.; saber: — espada; eable. 
syllable, n.: — sQaba. 
symbol, ri.; sign or emblem; — signo; 

. sefidt. 
syxnmetricalf adj.; proportionate: — si- 

zaetxic&t; man idanche ; man ay a. 
sympath^atic, adj., adv.; compasaioD- 

ate: — ^yo6«S. 
sympathizing, adj., adv.; thankful; 

grateful: — ^mag&om jlnalum; peniti- 

yiye; agradesido. 



symptom, n.; token or sign:— sefiat. 

synonym, n.; word having the same sig- 
nification as another :-;-sin6iiimo; un 
palabra ni parejo significasioniia yan 
otro. ^ 

syringe, n.; squirt: — jelei^ga. 

syrup, n.: — atoibat; maraes na chugfi. 

systeni, n.; orderly arrangement; method 
of transacting business: — Bistem.a; 
mduleg na areglo. 

systematical, adj., adv.; accordii^ to 
system: — siBtemlitico; jaf taimano y 
ilelegiia y areglo. 



T. 



table, n.:— laanasa. 
tablecloth, n.; altar cloth; — m.anteles. 
taciturn, adj., adv.; peaceful: — fafat- 
quilo. 

tack, V. %.: — ^botdo. 

tackle, n.; pulley: — lichefig;. 

tact, n.; discernment and skill in speech 

and deportment: — tacto; sinient«; fin- 
aye; pinacha; inete; tiningo. 
tail, n.: — colaj dadalag. 
tailless, adj.: — lS,bon. 
tailor, n.: — sastre. 
take, V. t\; to seize hold of; to obtain; 

to catch: — c^ulS; Jacot; cone. 
take along, i\ It.: — chul^'janau. 
take apart (machinery), i\ ir.: — n%~ 

4dispatta. 
take away, v. It.; to remove; to send 

away : — nA-jUnau. 
take, V. it.; bring; — atd; chul§, 
take care of: — adaje. 
take down, i-. Vr.; to snatch down: — 

chapag: jala papa. 
take courage, r. i.: — abiba; na-animofc:o. 
take pains, v. %.; to endeavor; X^j try:— 

empefia. 
take possession, v. tr.: — maiitiene; 

ocupa; Bajguane; sagaye ; na-gdich#ch6; 
, na-chAtsaga; tdnig. 

take prisoner, r. ir.: — cautiba; preso. 
take root, v. %.: — fanjale; manjal^. 
take root, i. i.; to become strong: — 

fumitnae. 
take, V. tr.; to seize; to pack; to hold 

fast: — guot. 
take unawares, v. tr.; to surprise: — 

jiguef. 
talent,n.; mental capacity : — tinemtom. 
talk, V. i.; to converse; to speak; — 

cuentos; umddiiigan. 
talk (to talk about the faults of others), 

V. Jr.; to ridicule (someone); — chateue. 
talk silly, v. tr.; to talk twaddle: — 

bum&baba. 
talkative, adj.^ adv.; gossipy: — xnefnd; 

ilangilaiig. 
talloWf n.; — sebo. 
taUow^-candle, n.; — da^ues sebo. 
timie, V, tr.; to soothe; to calm: — 

nft-manso. 



tan, V. tr.; to tan leather; to dye: — 
tuncLO. 

tank, n.; cistern or reservoir;— tanque. 

tape, n.: — ^pedason magago ni d^lalai; 
jilon. 

tar, n.: — atquitr&n. 

tardy, adj., adv.; late; dilatory; reluc- 
tant; — atrasfirO. 

tariff, n.: — taxifa. 

tarry, v, i.; to loiter; to lii^er; to hesi- 
tate; to be tardy: — um-abmam; pum- 
araniiiiion. 

tarrying, adj., adv.; loitering; negli- 
gent; slovenly; slack: — descmd4o. 

task, n.: — tarea, 

tassel, n.; tuft; ornamental knot; tress: — 
botlas. 

taste, n.; joy; — gusto; tinamtam. 

taste, V. tr.; to try; to attempt;— ^3hagui. 

tasteless, adj.; unpalatable: — taisabot- 

tasteless, adj.; offensive; repugnant: — 
desabiido. 

tasteless, adj., adv.; vexatious; — mata- 
pai%. 

tastelessness, n.; insipidity: — dine- 
sabrido. 

tax, n.; excise; duty; impost; — con- 
tribusi6n. 

tea, n.; — cha. 

teapot (of earthenware), n.: — charera. 

teach, V. tr.; to instruct: — ^f&ng,'giie; 
chachalane; nSi-eya^. 

tear, n.;— lagd. 

tear, v. tr.: — sdcai. 

tear (to tear into pieces), v. tr.: — 
ySbalag; titeg. 

tear, v. %.; to burst; to break loose; — 
bogbog. 

tear, v. tr.; to tear out: — ^b6og. 

tease, v. tr.; to banter; to mock: — caei; 
tucfi.. 

telegram, n.; — tel6grama. 

telegraph, n.: — tel^grafo. 

telephone, n.: — tel6fono. 

tell, V. ir.; to speak; to say: — alog. 

temper, n.; mood; natural inclination: — 
jgnio; genio. 

temperance, n.; abstinence; — chinemfi,; 
choma; templansa. 

tempest, n^ hurriance; tumult: — ^ira; 
pagyo; atboroto. 



temple 



119 



thrive 



r 



■ 



temple, n.; templo. 

temple (of the head), n.: — ^sentido.. 
temporary, adj., adv.; exiating for a 

limited time: — tnientras. 
temptation, n,;— ^tinienta; tentasion. 
tempter, n.: — tltienta. 
ten, adj.: — dies, 
tenable, adj., adv.: — nlasiso; sus- 

tieniyon. 
tenacipuB, adj., adv.; tough: — fig6. 
tender, adj., adv.; pachang; delecao. 
tendon, n.; ■\'ein; nerve: — grugat. 
tendons, n,; sinews (of meat): — cos- 

trafas. 
tenth, adj.: — d€simo. 
tenure, n.; term of holding: — encatgao. 
term, n.; span of time; period: — tet- 

n?ino; pcriodo. 
terminate, v. fr., v. i.; to limit or bound; 
to be limited or bound: — tetmina; 
nS-gi^echi. 
terrace, n.; large open balcony or 
■Q^allery: — dangculo na batc6n pat 
galena, 
terrible, adj., adv.; dreadful; awful; fear- 
ful: — nlb^mS-fiao; ni^'ma^iiao. 
terror, 71.; comfortlessness; inconsolable 

state of mind:— mina-afiao. 
test, 71.; examination; trial: — chlnagul. 
test, V. It.; to make trial of; to examine: — 

ecsamina. 
testament, n.; will; compact: — testa- 
ment o. 
testify, X:. i.;— testiguy©., ^ 
testimony, n.; — testimfinio. 
text, n.; — ^inayeg na tinfiitai. 
thank, v. %.; to express thanks or grati- 
tude: — agradese; nae grdsias. 
thankful, adj., adv.; grateful: — agrade- 

sido. 
thankful, adj., arfi\;p:rateful; sympathis- 
ing: — magsLom jin&lum. 
thankless, adj., adv.; ungrateful: — ^mal- 

agradesido. 

thankless, adj.; untrue: — enguing; ifig- 

grato. 
thanks, n.: — grasias. 
that (or that one), adj., pr.; those; 

which: — y; ayo; <:'nau; enao. 
that, conj.; so that: — nu. 
that way, adv.; thither: — giiSnau 

gnato- 
theft, n.: — saque; maiiaque. 
then, adv.; thereupon; thereafter; after- 
ward s ; — despues ; entonses . 
there, adv.; in that place; — giienau 

guato; ayu. 
there (av/ay from the person ad dressed V 

adfy.:— ^je; ayo guato. 
there (indicating direction), adv.: — 

giiij© guato. 
there (in the proximity of the person 

addressed), adv.: — gii^nau.^ 
there is nothing left: — taya sebla. 
there, adv.; then; therefore; for that 

reason: — ayo nai. 
there within, adv.; within; inside: — 
jalum; guijalura; aanjalum. 



thermometer, n.; — tetm6metro. 

thick, adj.: — tdog. 

thick, adj.; broad; wide: — potpot. 

thicken,\'. tr.: — n&-l&t6og. 

thicket, n.; shrubbery; brush: — monte- 

siyo; dfquiqul na atoot. 
thief, n.; — ladr6n; saque. 
thieve, v. tr.; to rob:^fafiaque; aacii- 

guan. 
thigh, n.; shank: — ch&chag&. 
thim.ble, n.: — dodag. 
thin (opposite of lodo, thick in circum- 
ference), adj.: — dalalai. 
thin, adj., adv.; fragile; brittle: — gueton. 
thin, V. tr.; to mix: — templa. 
thin, adj.; slender; lean {opposite oj 

potpot): — canifes. 
thin, adj., adv.; slender; slim:— inos. 
thin slice, n..— debanada. 
thing, n.: matter; cause:-;-co8a. 
thing, n.; property: — gitinaja. 
think, V. tr., v. i,; to cogitate; to reflect 

upon; to imagine: — jaso. 
third (the next following): — y tinatefia; 

tersera. 
thirst, n.: — minlljo. 
thirsty, adj., adv.: — mlL'jo. 
thirteen, adj.: — trese. 
thirty, ac^"..-— trSinta. 
this, adj., pron.: — este. 
this, pron.; this one: — ine; yine, 
thistle, 71.; thorn:— lac tus; tltucd. 
tliither, adv.; that way: — ayo guato; 

giienau guato. 
thorn, n.; a prickle or spine: — titucli-. 
thorny, adj.: — mitituca. 
thoroughbred, adj.; of pure and un- 
mixed breed:— giiSf rasa, 
thou, pers. pron.: — jago. 
thou, pers. pron.: — jau (following a 

verb). 
thought, n.; memory; reason: — jinaso. 
thoughtful, adj., adv.; contemplative; 

attentive; careful :-^gu6fmanjaso. 
thousand, adv.: — mil. 
thrash {see thresh), 
thread, n.: — jilo. 
thread (turned), n.: — motas. 
thread (to thread a needle), v. tr.: — 

jotne; jotne nt y jilo y jaguja. 
threat, n.: — jinanjan; espanto; aminaso. 
threaten (to threaten with raised fore- 
finger), I', i.: — Janjan; aminasa; ame- 
nasa. 
threaten, v. tr., v. i.; to menace: — 

faa&gile (frovi ^^fiau); amenasa. 
three, adj.: — tres. 
three hxmdred, adj.:—tj:B& sientoa^ 

tresientos. 
thresh, v. tr.: — gfircho. 
threshing floor, n.; place for the clean- 
ing of corn: — fanbandaxayan; fangu- 
ganan. 
thrift, 71.;— inijdj niiaii; adelanto. 
thrifty, adj.:— iaijQ; adelanto. 
thrive, v. %.; to progress; to prosper: — 

adelanta. 
thrive, v. i.: to prosper: — ^lumSIa-guaja. 



throat 



120 



trace 



-nu; entre; pot 
uttimo; na- 

:ute. 
away ; to repu- 



-gode. 

built; 



throat, 71.;— gatganta; guetguero. | 

throb, n.; plapitation; quiver :—linaa- i 

lau. ^ ^ ! 

throes, n.; to be in the last throes of | 

death : — um-agomas . 
throne, ?i.; — trono. 
through, prep.: with; oi:- 

medio. 
through, adv.: — asta y 

adotgan. 
throw, V. /r.;— dagau; ; 
throw away, r. ti\; to cas 

diate; to spurn: — desecha. 
throw, v.ti\; to cast; to fling:— S,giiet. 
throv/, L-. i.; to tlirow one's self to the 

ground : — f oy ong . 
throw, V. tr.; to throw gtones; to stone: — 

fagas. 
thrust, t\ tr., v. i.; to push; to strike; to 

push away: — choneg. 
thumb, 11.;— dS.inS.gas. 
thunder, v. i,: — julo. 
thunderbolt, n.; a shaft of lightning: — 

troson ianilam; talaiigan-Juio. 
Thursday, n.: — Juebes. 
tick (insect), n,: — garapatas. 
ticket, n.: — ^biyete. 
ticket, n.; certificate; note; — papeleta; 

sedula. 
tickle, V. tr.: — cadudag. 
tide (high tide of the sea), n.;— jafno; y 

quinalamten y tasi. 
tide (low), n.;— mfi.te. 
tidy, adj.; trim; neat: — aliiiao. 
tie, V. tr,; to bind: — funut. 
tie fast, V. tr.: — cuetna. 
tie on, V. tr.; to bind; to fasten:- 
tight, or/?'.; not loose; compactly 

taut: — mafnot. 
tile, 71.; brick: — teja. 
tiit, r. tr.; to turn over; to^thro'v head- 

ionj?: — ach&inag; na-egueng. 
timbers ^'running' under the rafters of a 

house, crosswise), n.; — 4suguag; troson 

time, n.; period: — tiempo. 

times, n.; — bia-je (examples: three times: 

tres biaje: twice: dos biaje; often; 

in^gai na biaje. 
timid, adj., adt .; apprehenrive; cov;- 

ardly: — dangud. 
tin, 71*; — estano; eetaiiuye. - 
tin box: — lata, 
tiptoe, V. i.; to rait-e one':* .sell on the tips 

of the toes: — dego. 
tire, V. tr.; to bore; to emboss; to con- 
found: — nS,-d6gae; na-6t=on. 
tire (of the wheel;, n.: — yanta. 
tire out, v. tr.; to make tired: — nk- 

mS,jguef; na-yayaB. 
tired, adj.. «rfr.;— majguef; yayas. 
titter, V. i.; to rhuckle; to crackle (the 

bone of a joint ) : — chacfi,. 
toast, n.; bread scorched over the lire: — 

toBta. 
tobacco, n.; ci^ar: — chupa. 
tobacco field, ti.;— faftupayan. 



toe, n.;— calulot-pataa (to run on the 

toeB, V. i.: cajat; cajitgiie; to stand on 
the toes, v, i: dego). 

together, adv.; in unison; at the same 
time:— guigo. » 

together; opposite each other:— um-a 
(they, two persons, stood opposite each 
other; uraa fanS, y dos). ^ 

together with: — guinachong yan. 

toil, V. tr,, V. i.; to work; to labor:— 
fach6ch6. 

token, 71.; aign; mark; bearing-; pos- 
ture: — sefiEts; senat; prenda. 

tolerate, v.tr.; to bear; to endure; — 
aguante; sui^on; consiente. 

tomatoes, n.: — tomates. 

tombstone, n.: — lS.pida. 

to-morrow, n.: — agupS.. 

tone, n.: — sonido; tono. 

tongue, n.; — jula. 

tongs, n.; pincers; nippers: — tenasa. 

tonsils, n.: — atgayas; guaeaiig; tomates 

tonsiiitis, n.; inflammation of the ton- 
sil «: — ch^tnot gui tomates agS-gS.- 
tool foi any kind), n.: — jeramienta. 
tool used is cleaning corn, ti.; — ^b&n- 

d£.ra; jeramieuta para num3,'ga?gas 

Kiaieg. 
tooth, n.; — ^nifen. 

tooth, n.; prone;: — diente (rarely u.-'-d i. 
toothpick, 71.; — guegue. 
top, 71.; the highest part; upper side: — 

yajtiluld. 
top !.toy), n.: — tolompo. 
top of mast, n.: — ^pujxtan jasta. 
top of a mountain, n.: — puntan ogsd. 
torch (used when fiahing), n.: — jachon. 
tomient, n.; anguish ; pain: — totmento. 
torpedo, n.: — totpedo. 
torpid, adj.; inactive; numb: — ^niudoro; 

tdi-simente yan tdi-quinalamten. 
torrent, n.; tumbling stream: — milag. 
torrid, adj.; dried with heat; burning; 

parchii^: — angl6; maipe. 
tortoise, ti.; — jagan. 
tortoise shell, n.; — carai. 
torture, n.; agony of mind or body: — 

sinapet. 
total, adj., adv.; iulh — enter o; entera- 

mente. 
touch, 1'. tr.; to perceive by feeling: — 

ete; pacha; yumii. 
touch (sense oi touch), ri.: — pinacha. 
toiigh, adj., adv.; tenacious: — ilg6. 
tow, V. tr.; to take into tow; to g^ive a 

line: — remotque. 
toward, prep.; in the direction of: — 

guato. 
towel, 71.;— toaya. 
tower, n.: — tore, 
towline (of a Bchooner), n.: — ^bosa; 

talon manbitsala, 
town, 71.; a collection of houses larger 

than a villaj^e:— dlquiqul na eiud&. 
toy, n,;— joguete. 
trace, n.: — rastro. 



track 



121 



true 



track, 7i.:~carit; fegui. 

trade, i\ i.; to carry on commerce; to 

bargain :--faii-neg6sio. 
trade n,; profession; fitness; propriety; — 

conben^ixsia. 
ttadei-, n.: — comerBiante; cometsiante. 
trade wind, ?i,; — manglS g-uinen eatre 

san lago yaxi san catan. 
traffic, 11.; commerce; trade: — comSrsio; 

cometsio. 

traf&c, r. i.; to hold intercourse: — 

tratos. 
tragedy, n.: — estorian desgr^sia; des- 

grdsia. 

trail, n.;— cay on. 

train, n,; railroad train: — fero-carit. 

traitor, n,: — traidot. 

tram, n.; tramway: — caretan diquiqiil. 

tramp, ?i..-— laong; bago. 

tramp around, v, i.; to loaf around:— 

guinS.go; iumaong. 
trample, v. tr.: — tuto. 
tranquil, adj., odv.; quiet; calm; peace- 
ful: — majgong; matquilo; tranquilo. 
transact, v. tr.; to manage a business 

deal; to negotiate :—manea; B,eg<5Bio. 
transfer, v. tr,; to remove: — traslada. 
transformation, n.: — consagrasi6n; 

tinilaica; inago. 
transgress, t'. i.; to violate a law or rule; 

to sin: — umisao. 
transient, adj.; passing: — pasadero; 

taiminaog. 
transit, n.; passage through or over: — 

finapos; pasaje; y finalofan. 
transitory, adj.;' fleeting: — gtisi-jocog; 

ti maog. 
translate, v. tr.; to render from one 

language into another: — traslada. 
transmit (to transmit a sickness), v . tr. : — 

tanme; tanum; 
transmit, v. tr.; to propagate; to trans- 
plant : — na-f amta . 
transmute, v. tr.; to consecrate:— 

consagra. 
transparent, adj., adv.; capable of being 
peen through; pellucid; clear; — nauau; 
claro. 
transport, v. tr.; to carry from one place 

to another:— traspotta. 
trap, n.: — ^laflaf; t>codo; trampas, 
trap, n.; lasso; loop; snare: — laso. 
trash, n.; refuse; worthless or useless 

matter; rubbish: — ^basula. 
travel, v. i.; to journey: — biaje. 
traveler, n.;— biajero; pasajero. 
traveling expense, n.: — gaston y 

biaje. 
traveling necessities, n.: — trastes 

biaje. 
traverse, v. tr.; to run through; to go 
through;— fllp6sgiie; ddotgan jan^iie 
desde un banda asta y otro. 
treacberoiiB, adj.; perfidious; faithless:— 

traid6t. 
treachery, n,; faithlessness; — traisi6n. 



tread, v. %.; to step; to go on; — fam^gud; 

fegu§. 
treason, n.; trick: — finailajye; trinai- 

dute;-traisi<5n. 
treasure, n.: — tesoro; guinaja, 
treasiurer, n..- — tesorero. 
treat, v. tr.; to handle or manage in a 

particular manner; to behave, toward; to 

entertain with food or drink without 

coat to the guests: — trata; n^-juyvLn^ue. 
treaty, n.; negotiation: — con trata. 
tree, n.: — trongco; atbot; jayo. 
tree trunk, n.: — trongcon jayo. 
tremble, v. i.; to shudder; to totter: — 

l^ulau. 
trench, n.; ditch; excavation: — trin- 

chera; joyo. 
trend, n.; general tendency: — carera. 
tress, n.; plait; braid: — coleta; filag. 
trial, n,; attempt:— ensay a; chinague. 
trial, 71.; examination: — chinague. 
triangle, n,: — triangolo. 
tribe, n.; — catdume {also flock; swarm). 
tribute, n.; contribution: — contribu- 

sidn. 
trick, n.; cunning; craft; lie; — mafia; 

finababa; dtte. 
tricks, n.; wiles; — Unailas. 
trickish, adj.; full of intrigue; — fi,~atte. 
trifle, n.; anything of little value or 

importance : — ^potqueria. 
trigger (of a gun), n.: — despaxaddt. 
trim, adj.; neat; compact: — areglao; 

gasgas. 
trim, V. tr.; to decorate; to adjust: — 

adotna; na-ajustao. 
trip, n.; stumble: — tompd.^ 
triumph, v. i.; victory; conquest: — 

fangana; gana. 
troUey car, n.; — carit electrisidfi.. 
trombone, n.; also, the v^'liistle of a 

steamer: — busina. 
troop, n.; army; — tropa. 
tropics, n.: — tano maipe. 
trot, n.: — trote; pocat taigiiije y pocat 

cabayo. 
trouble, n.; distress; worry: — atboroto; 

chinatsaga. 
troublesome, adj.; annoying: — jijoroba; 

tai-majgong; atborotadot. 
trough (for mixing bread), n.; — canoa. 
trough (for mixijig mortar), n.: — 

gal&ide; can6a. 
trousers, n.; pants: — catsunea. 
trowel (mason's), n.: — paleta; para 

numamajlos padet. 
trowel (scoop, mason's), n.: — cuchalan 

dtbanit. 
truant, n.; absentee from school without 

permission; — fattista. 
truce, n.; brief cessation of hostilities 

by agreement; — pas na c^dadad mien- 

tras man Haregla yan y enimigo. 
truck, n.; wagon for carryii^ goods; — 

careton. 
true, adj.y arfv.:— magajet. 
true, adj.; devout; believing: — jon^- 

guiyon. 



true 



122 



uncivil 



true, adj.f adv.; faithful; — afig-ocuyon. 

true, adj., adv.; loyal: — ii61; fiet. 

trumpet, n./born: — cotneta; trorap^ta. 

trunk, n.; stem: — ^ba-lU; trongco. 

truss, n,: — ^blaguero. 

trust, n,; confidence; faith: — confiansa. 

truth, n.;— minag^ajet. . 

truthful, adj., adv.: — tai-dinacon; ti 

dadague. 
truthfulness, n.; — tin&i-dinacon; gui- 

nae-minagajet. 
try, V. tr.; to attempt: — ensaya; chague. 
try, r. tr.; to taste food; to attempt; — 

chague; ensaya; tienta; tafia. 
try, V. i.; to endeavor; to take pains: — 

famaichecho. 
tub, ?i.; pot: — tinaja; tina. 
tube, n.; cylinder: — tubo. 
tuberculosis, n.: — sogsog. 
tuck up, V. tr.; to tuck up the skirt: — 

jedo. 
Tuesday, n.: — mattes. 
tuft, n.; bunch; bundle; bunch of 

grapes : — rasimo. 
tug, "u. tr.; to pull with great effort: — 

batsala; remotque. 
tug, 71.; steam towing vessel: — ^para man 

rera,otque. 
tuxnble, v. i.; to fall Buddenly and 

violently: — matomba, 
tumbler, n.; glass; — ^baso. 
tumbling stream, n.; torrent :^-milag. 
tumiult, n.: — yin&uyau. 
tumult, n.; insurrection; rebellion: — 

jatsamiento; pliito, 
tune, n.; short musical composition; — 

tono; tonilda. 
tuneful, adj.y adv.; musical; harmoni- 
ous: — ^bonito na tonada. 
turkey, n.: — ^pabo. 
turmoil, n.: — yiulluyau. 
turn, V, tr.; to turn about; to turn 

around: — ^bira. 
turn, V, tr.; to turn over a new leaf: — 

bira y hojas. 
turn, n.; curve of a road or river: — ^ma 

bira. 
turned easily, adj.: — birayon. 



turned around, adj.^ adv.; turned up- 
side down; overturned :—4tlebe8. 
turn out of the way, v. tr.; to evade; 

to avoid (ein): — ebita. 
turn over, v. tr.; to cede; — nSke. 
turn, 71.; revolutioif; change of direc- 
tion: — ^birada. 
turn, V. tr.; to twist: — chafliUg; cha- 

fulalag. 
turn, V. %.; to turn during a dance:— 

quilolog. 
turn, V, tr.; to turn on a lathe: — totno. 
turtle, n.: — jagan. 
turtledove, n.: — totot. 
tusk, n.; fang; also saddle roll or saddle 

pad: — coriyos; cotniyos. 
tussle, V. %.; to scuffle; to struggle: — 

mamaichS chd . 
tutor, n.; teacher; guardian: — tutfit, 
tweak, 11. tr.; to squeeze; to pinch: — 

deon, 
tweezers, n.: — chiguet. 
twelfth, adj.: — mina dose. 
t-welve, adj.: — dose. 
twenty, adj.: — bente. 
twigj ^.; branch; bough: — ramas. 
twilight, n.: — minachom. Srtdao j^'an 

quinajulo atdao. 
twin, n.; double: — dinga. 
twine, n.; strong thread: — jajlon. _ 
twinkle, v. %.; to blink; to wink: — 

achetgue; chalamlam. 
twins, n.: — y dingS.. 
twist, V. tr.; to twist a rope; to make a 

rope: — chafiileg; tajleg. 
twist, V. tr.; to turn; — tarabira; cha- 

fulalag. 
tw^o, adj.: — dos. 
two hundred, adj.: — dosientos; dos 

sientog. 
typo, n.; emblem; sign or figure; a metal 

letter used in printing: — siflat; figura; 

tipa. 
typewriter, n.: — m&quinan manggui. 
typhoon, n.: — ^pagyo. 
typical, adj.; figurative : — flguran; uma'- 

chuli. 
tyranny, n.; severity: — ^minalamafla. 



u. 



udder (of the cow), n.': — chafiaquS. 

ugly, adj.; rex>ellent: — chatpfirgo. 

ulcer, n.; sore; corn;— grano. 

ultimate, adj.; utmost; furtherest; ex- 
treme; final: — uttimo. 

umbrella, n.: — payo. 

umpire, n.: — sentensiaddt. 

unaccountable for: — ti jasuyon; ti 
cuentayon. 

unafraid, adj., adv.: — mesgud. 

unbecoming, adj.; indecorous; — des- 
bonesto; ti umaya. 

unbelieving, adj.; ungodly; wicked; in- 
•fidel;^ — ti man-jonggue; ti jenggue. 



unbend, v. tr.; to unharness; to relax; to 
slacken; to decrease in tension: — 
afloja; nS,- tunas. 

unbind, v. tr.; to unfasten; to solve 
(difficulties or problems); — pulft. 

unbloody, adj., adv.: — ti mancha jag&; 
ti pogno. 

unbound, adj.; free: — suetto. 

unbroken, adj., adv.; continuous; unin- 
terrupted: — t&ipumara; sin parat; tai- 
finatta. 

unchangeable, adj.; unalterable; im- 
mutable :^ti tulaicayon. 

uncivil, adj.; ill-bred; rude; imperti- 
nent: — na^6son; impottinente. 



true 



122 



uncivil 



true, adj.f adv.; faithful; — afig-ocuyon. 

true, adj., adv.; loyal: — ii61; fiet. 

trumpet, n./born: — cotneta; trorap^ta. 

trunk, n.; stem: — ^ba-lU; trongco. 

truss, n,: — ^blaguero. 

trust, n,; confidence; faith: — confiansa. 

truth, n.;— minag^ajet. . 

truthful, adj., adv.: — tai-dinacon; ti 

dadague. 
truthfulness, n.; — tin&i-dinacon; gui- 

nae-minagajet. 
try, V. tr.; to attempt: — ensaya; chague. 
try, r. tr.; to taste food; to attempt; — 

chague; ensaya; tienta; tafia. 
try, V. i.; to endeavor; to take pains: — 

famaichecho. 
tub, ?i.; pot: — tinaja; tina. 
tube, n.; cylinder: — tubo. 
tuberculosis, n.: — sogsog. 
tuck up, V. tr.; to tuck up the skirt: — 

jedo. 
Tuesday, n.: — mattes. 
tuft, n.; bunch; bundle; bunch of 

grapes : — rasimo. 
tug, "u. tr.; to pull with great effort: — 

batsala; remotque. 
tug, 71.; steam towing vessel: — ^para man 

rera,otque. 
tuxnble, v. i.; to fall Buddenly and 

violently: — matomba, 
tumbler, n.; glass; — ^baso. 
tumbling stream, n.; torrent :^-milag. 
tumiult, n.: — yin&uyau. 
tumult, n.; insurrection; rebellion: — 

jatsamiento; pliito, 
tune, n.; short musical composition; — 

tono; tonilda. 
tuneful, adj.y adv.; musical; harmoni- 
ous: — ^bonito na tonada. 
turkey, n.: — ^pabo. 
turmoil, n.: — yiulluyau. 
turn, V, tr.; to turn about; to turn 

around: — ^bira. 
turn, V, tr.; to turn over a new leaf: — 

bira y hojas. 
turn, n.; curve of a road or river: — ^ma 

bira. 
turned easily, adj.: — birayon. 



turned around, adj.^ adv.; turned up- 
side down; overturned :—4tlebe8. 
turn out of the way, v. tr.; to evade; 

to avoid (ein): — ebita. 
turn over, v. tr.; to cede; — nSke. 
turn, 71.; revolutioif; change of direc- 
tion: — ^birada. 
turn, V. tr.; to twist: — chafliUg; cha- 

fulalag. 
turn, V. %.; to turn during a dance:— 

quilolog. 
turn, V, tr.; to turn on a lathe: — totno. 
turtle, n.: — jagan. 
turtledove, n.: — totot. 
tusk, n.; fang; also saddle roll or saddle 

pad: — coriyos; cotniyos. 
tussle, V. %.; to scuffle; to struggle: — 

mamaichS chd . 
tutor, n.; teacher; guardian: — tutfit, 
tweak, 11. tr.; to squeeze; to pinch: — 

deon, 
tweezers, n.: — chiguet. 
twelfth, adj.: — mina dose. 
t-welve, adj.: — dose. 
twenty, adj.: — bente. 
twigj ^.; branch; bough: — ramas. 
twilight, n.: — minachom. Srtdao j^'an 

quinajulo atdao. 
twin, n.; double: — dinga. 
twine, n.; strong thread: — jajlon. _ 
twinkle, v. %.; to blink; to wink: — 

achetgue; chalamlam. 
twins, n.: — y dingS.. 
twist, V. tr.; to twist a rope; to make a 

rope: — chafiileg; tajleg. 
twist, V. tr.; to turn; — tarabira; cha- 

fulalag. 
tw^o, adj.: — dos. 
two hundred, adj.: — dosientos; dos 

sientog. 
typo, n.; emblem; sign or figure; a metal 

letter used in printing: — siflat; figura; 

tipa. 
typewriter, n.: — m&quinan manggui. 
typhoon, n.: — ^pagyo. 
typical, adj.; figurative : — flguran; uma'- 

chuli. 
tyranny, n.; severity: — ^minalamafla. 



u. 



udder (of the cow), n.': — chafiaquS. 

ugly, adj.; rex>ellent: — chatpfirgo. 

ulcer, n.; sore; corn;— grano. 

ultimate, adj.; utmost; furtherest; ex- 
treme; final: — uttimo. 

umbrella, n.: — payo. 

umpire, n.: — sentensiaddt. 

unaccountable for: — ti jasuyon; ti 
cuentayon. 

unafraid, adj., adv.: — mesgud. 

unbecoming, adj.; indecorous; — des- 
bonesto; ti umaya. 

unbelieving, adj.; ungodly; wicked; in- 
•fidel;^ — ti man-jonggue; ti jenggue. 



unbend, v. tr.; to unharness; to relax; to 
slacken; to decrease in tension: — 
afloja; nS,- tunas. 

unbind, v. tr.; to unfasten; to solve 
(difficulties or problems); — pulft. 

unbloody, adj., adv.: — ti mancha jag&; 
ti pogno. 

unbound, adj.; free: — suetto. 

unbroken, adj., adv.; continuous; unin- 
terrupted: — t&ipumara; sin parat; tai- 
finatta. 

unchangeable, adj.; unalterable; im- 
mutable :^ti tulaicayon. 

uncivil, adj.; ill-bred; rude; imperti- 
nent: — na^6son; impottinente. 



uncle 



123 



use 



uncle, 71.;— tio. 

uncooked^ adj.; green; unripe: — gadit; 

undecided, adj,, adv.; undetermined; 

doubtful; dubious; queBtionable:— du- 

doso. 
under, prep,; beneath:— sanpapS-. 
underscore, v. tr,; to draw a line: — 

raya. 
understand, v. i.; to comprehend: — 

comprende; n§,-sdonao; tung6, 
undei'standing, v, tr.; to come to an 

understanding: — uma-tratos; umd- 

comprende. 
understanding, adj.; devoted; — con- 

fotme; tiningo. 
undertake, v, tr.; to intend; — mutS; 

atotga. 
undetermined, adj.^ adv.; doubtful; 

dubious; questionable; undecided: — 

dudoso. 
undulate, x\ i.; to move with wa\'elike 

motion; to heave :^chaule. 
unequal, adj.; insufficient; — taiparejo. 
unfit, adj.; unserviceable: — tS,iguaUaye; 

inutit. 
unfold, r-. tr.; to unfold a measuring 

rule: — eatira. 
unfold, V. tr.; to develop; to put in 

use: — desempeiia; na-aetbe. 
unfortunate, adj.; unhappy; disas- 

trou?: — desdicliao; demalas. 
unfruitful, adj. ^ adv.; barren: — ti fafa- 

nago; ti fafanogchil. • ^ 
ungodly, adj.; unbelieving; wicked; in- 
fidel: — ti jenggue; ti man-joiiggue. 
ungrateful, adj.; unthankful: — en- 

guing; ti confotme; tdimagradese. 
unhappy, adj., adv.; disastrous; unfortu- 
nate: — taiminagof; infelia; desgraai- 

ado; desdichao; depresiao. 
unharness, v. tr.; to unsaddle: — des- 

aparejo. 
unharness, v. tr.; to unbend; to relax; to 

slacken; to decrease in tension: — 

afloja. 
unhusk, V. tr.: to shell; to peel: — gugan. 
uniform, n.: — unifotme. 
unifomi, adj.; of like measure; propor- 
tional; equal: — chiloiag. 
uninjured, adj.; not wounded: — t^- 

chdtnot. 

unite, V. i.; to join; to combine; — jx^~ 

JK etnon; fan-etnon; etnon. 

xmiversal, adj.; all-pervading; general :^- 
para todo. 

tinknowing, adj.; ignorant : — tima- 
nu^6; ignorante. 

unless, adv.: — solamente que. 

imlicoited, adj.; infinite; endless: — 
tii-uttimo. 

unload, v. tr.; to dischai^e; — descatga. 

unnecessarily, adv.; in vain; to no pur- 
pose; fruitlessly: — enbano; tdisetbe. 

unnecessary, adj., adv.; too much: — 
raampos; timanesesita. 

unoccupied, adj.; idle: — desocupao. 



unprepared, adj.; not ready: — despre- 

benido; ti-preparao. 
unpretending, adj.; destitute of bril- 

hancy or luster; not showy: — t&i- 

inina; basio. 
unquiet, adj.; restless; turbulent: — 

inquieto; 16bog; tiquieto. 
unravel, v. tr.: — desjilachas. . 
unreal, adj., adv.; not genuine; false: — 

fatso; timagajet, 
unripe, adj.; uncooked; green:— gad^; 

mats, {opposite of masa). 
unroof, V. tr.; to unroof a house: — 

desafte. 
unruly, adj.; turbulent; ungovernable: — 

ti gobietnayon, 
unsaddle, v. tr.; to unharness: — desa- 

parejo. 
unsafe, adj., adv.; insecure:— ti maga- 

jet; ti matungd; ti seguro. 
unsavory, adj., adv.; tasteless ;—ti 

mannguS. 
unsavoriness, n.; tastelessness; in- 
sipidity: — dinesabrido; disabrido. 
unselfish, adj., adv.; disinterested:— 

/desinteresao; ti chatao. 
unserviceable, adj.; unfit: — inutit; tdi- 

guailaye. 

unstained, adj., adv.; without a blem- 
ish: — t^-mancha; tiraancha. 

unsteady, adj.] unstable; unreliable: — 
ti fljo; ti met on jinasonfia. 

unthankful, adj.; ungrateful:— 
^'nguingj ti confotme; tdiinagradese. 

until, conj.: — astaj asta que. 

until whenP — asta ngaian? also: jasta 
ngaian. 

untimely, adj.: — fuera de tiempo; 
magS,. 

untoward event, n.; untoward circum- 
stance ; adversity :— contratdemp o . 

untrue, v. tr.; to be, untrue; to deceive! 
to defraud; to dupe: — fa-baba. 

untrue, adj., adv.; unfaithful; disloyal; 
perfidious: — ti fiel; ti fi^t. 

unusual, adj., adv.; scarce: — escaso. 

unworthy, adj.; undeserving; — ti man- 
merese. 

unyoke, v. tr.; to unharness: — nft-la'- 
calo; deaengdncha; desonse. 

upon, prep.; resting on the top: — ^sanjUd. 

upright, adj.; vertical; — tumachu. 

upright, adj.; just; honest: — ^honesto. 

uprising, n.; disorder: — desareglo; jat- 
samiento. 

upside down, adv.: — dilog; dumilog. 

upward, adv.: — jumanaujul^. 

urge on, v. tr.; to drive forward: — 
na-lUgusi. 

urgent, adj., ac?u.; pressing: — apurao. 

urine, n.: — ^mSm§. 

urn, n.; a round vessel: — ^florero; urna. 

usage, n.; long continued custom; — 
practica; costumbre. 

use, V. tr.; to employ; to make use of: — 
usa. 



use np 



124 



vigfil 



use up, r. (r.; to spread; to weed out:— 

jutdj jutii. 

use, V. tr,; to use up entirely, leaving 
nothing; to consume: — ^liichai. 

used up, V. i.: — ma-tisa; usdo. 

useful, adj.: — ^gS-eguailaye; mf-eetbe; 
gaiguailaye. 

useful, adj., adv.; profitable; service- 
able: — probechoso; gdi probecho. 

useless, adj., adv.: — tlLiguailaye; tdi- 
setbe. 



usury, n.; gain; profit beyond the legi- 
timate: — usura; probecho; gandnsia. 

utensil, n.; the utensil used in celebra- 
tion of mass :^binaj eras. 

utility, 71,; usefulness :-r-iui-se the; ben- 
taja. 

utilization, n.; application; diligence: — 
aplicasl6n. 

utter, v. tr.; to speak; to pronounce:— 
cumuentos; sangan. 



* 



vacancy, n.; state of being vacant or 

empty; — ^bacante, 
vacation, n . : — bacasidn. 
vague, adj.; indefinite; unsettled: — 

ti fijo. 
vain, adj., adv.: — chicherico; banidoso. 
vain, adv.; in vain; to no purpose; fruit- 
lessly; without result: — en banc; bano; 
tiiaetbe. 
vaHd, adj.; having legal force:— baUdo. 
valley, n.: — ^baye, canada; joya. 
valor, n.; bravery; intrepidity: — min- 

atatn^a, 
valuable, adj.; precious; expensive; — 

guaguan. 
valuables, n.; jcwelr>^: — gatbesas. 
value, V. tr.; to like: — geflamen. 
vanity, n.: — ^banid&d. 
vanquish, v. tr.; to conquer: — chomS,. 
vapor, n.; steam; mist: — bapot, 
variable, adj., adv.; fluctuating; fickle; 
changeable ; inconstant ; mutable : — 
aguyon; tulaicayon. 
variation, n.; sjhift; — yinalaca; di- 

forensia. 
various, odj,; diverse; different: — t&i 

achaigua; diferentes. 
varnish, n.: — batnis. 
varnish, r. tr.: — batnisa. 
vault, n.; arch; cellar: — bodega, 
vegetable, n.: — golai. 
vehement, adj., adv.; violent; furious; 

impot U0U5 : — f e jman. 
vehicle, n.; means of conveyance: — 

caruaje. 
vein (in the body, in stone, etc.), n.; 

nerve ; fi bor , sinew ; tendon : — gugat . 
velvet, n.: — tetsiopelo. 
venerate, r. tr.; to esteem as sacred: — 

respeta. 
veneration, n,; reverence: — respeto. 
vengeance, n.; revenge; retribution: — 

inemog; beii^-ga; bengansa. 
vengeful, adj., adv.; seeking revenge: — 

iemog; g^-man-emog; bengatibo. 
venial, n.; pardonable (sin): — ^pecado 

beniat; asiiyon na inao. 
ventilate, v. tr.; to air; — ^na-giiin'aire; 

na-gd<;aire. 
ventilation, n.;~fan jalom y Sire, 
venture, r. tr.; to risk; to hazard; to 

clarc:— axiesga; atotga. 
veracious, adj.; truthful; true:— mina- 
gajet. 



veranda, n.; covered addition: — cajida; 

galeria; balanda. 
veranda, n.; corridor; passageway: — 

c6redot, 
verbal, adj., adv.; oral; literal; expressed 

in words: — sinangan; masangan. 
verdant, v. i.; to grow green; to be 
verdant; to thrive: — ^betde; bumetde. 
verdigris, n.: — catdeniyo. 
verify, v. tr.; ix) prove to be true: — ^prue- 

ba; na-magajet; cumple. 
vermin, n.; insects; pests: — g§.git. 
verisimilar, adj., adv.; probable; like- 
ly: — calang magajet; jongguiyon. 
verse, n.: — ^betso. . 
versed, adj.; skilled; experienced: — es- 

perimentao; pay on. 
vertebra, n.: — tdlang espinaso. 
very, adj.:s6t. 
very sorrowful, adj.; grieving: — tri- 

reste; gof triste; gof pinite. 
very thin (liquid), adj., adv.: — g6f 

fache. 
vespers, n.; — bispera; tinaitai 

pupueiige. ^ ' ^ . 

vessel, n.; utensil for liquids: — nayan. 
vest, n.; waistcoat: — clialeco. 
vestibule, n.: — patio, 
vestige, n.; track; a mark left in pass- 
ing: — rastro; fegu§, 
veteran, n.: — antigo gui setbisio. 
veterinary, n.; healer of disease of 
domestic animals: — amot gaga; n^'- 
magong (ch^tnot) gag^. 
vexation, n.; ai^er; ill-humor :~ch.at- 

jinalum; minatapaiig; atboroto. 
vexatious, adj., adv.; irksome: — gaijet- 

dan; atborotao; aatborota. 
vibrate, v. tr.; to move back and forth; to 

shako; — chalauchau; na-ldulau. 
vicarage, n.; parsonage; rectory; — cu- 
rate 
vicarious, adj.: — sustituto; interino; 

suplente. ' , 

vice, n.; fault; defect; blemish: — bisio. 
vicious, adj., adv.; criminal; — ^bisioso. 
vicinity, n.; neighborhood: — ^bisino. 
victim, n.; dupe;— bictima; iridao; y 

,toca matai. 
victor, n.: — y S-S-nau. 
victory, nr; gain: — guinana. 
view, v. tr.; to visit; to inspect; to con- 
trol; to search: — 6gag§.. 
vigil, 71.: — ^bijUia; bela. 



use np 



124 



vigfil 



use up, r. (r.; to spread; to weed out:— 

jutdj jutii. 

use, V. tr,; to use up entirely, leaving 
nothing; to consume: — ^liichai. 

used up, V. i.: — ma-tisa; usdo. 

useful, adj.: — ^gS-eguailaye; mf-eetbe; 
gaiguailaye. 

useful, adj., adv.; profitable; service- 
able: — probechoso; gdi probecho. 

useless, adj., adv.: — tlLiguailaye; tdi- 
setbe. 



usury, n.; gain; profit beyond the legi- 
timate: — usura; probecho; gandnsia. 

utensil, n.; the utensil used in celebra- 
tion of mass :^binaj eras. 

utility, 71,; usefulness :-r-iui-se the; ben- 
taja. 

utilization, n.; application; diligence: — 
aplicasl6n. 

utter, v. tr.; to speak; to pronounce:— 
cumuentos; sangan. 



* 



vacancy, n.; state of being vacant or 

empty; — ^bacante, 
vacation, n . : — bacasidn. 
vague, adj.; indefinite; unsettled: — 

ti fijo. 
vain, adj., adv.: — chicherico; banidoso. 
vain, adv.; in vain; to no purpose; fruit- 
lessly; without result: — en banc; bano; 
tiiaetbe. 
vaHd, adj.; having legal force:— baUdo. 
valley, n.: — ^baye, canada; joya. 
valor, n.; bravery; intrepidity: — min- 

atatn^a, 
valuable, adj.; precious; expensive; — 

guaguan. 
valuables, n.; jcwelr>^: — gatbesas. 
value, V. tr.; to like: — geflamen. 
vanity, n.: — ^banid&d. 
vanquish, v. tr.; to conquer: — chomS,. 
vapor, n.; steam; mist: — bapot, 
variable, adj., adv.; fluctuating; fickle; 
changeable ; inconstant ; mutable : — 
aguyon; tulaicayon. 
variation, n.; sjhift; — yinalaca; di- 

forensia. 
various, odj,; diverse; different: — t&i 

achaigua; diferentes. 
varnish, n.: — batnis. 
varnish, r. tr.: — batnisa. 
vault, n.; arch; cellar: — bodega, 
vegetable, n.: — golai. 
vehement, adj., adv.; violent; furious; 

impot U0U5 : — f e jman. 
vehicle, n.; means of conveyance: — 

caruaje. 
vein (in the body, in stone, etc.), n.; 

nerve ; fi bor , sinew ; tendon : — gugat . 
velvet, n.: — tetsiopelo. 
venerate, r. tr.; to esteem as sacred: — 

respeta. 
veneration, n,; reverence: — respeto. 
vengeance, n.; revenge; retribution: — 

inemog; beii^-ga; bengansa. 
vengeful, adj., adv.; seeking revenge: — 

iemog; g^-man-emog; bengatibo. 
venial, n.; pardonable (sin): — ^pecado 

beniat; asiiyon na inao. 
ventilate, v. tr.; to air; — ^na-giiin'aire; 

na-gd<;aire. 
ventilation, n.;~fan jalom y Sire, 
venture, r. tr.; to risk; to hazard; to 

clarc:— axiesga; atotga. 
veracious, adj.; truthful; true:— mina- 
gajet. 



veranda, n.; covered addition: — cajida; 

galeria; balanda. 
veranda, n.; corridor; passageway: — 

c6redot, 
verbal, adj., adv.; oral; literal; expressed 

in words: — sinangan; masangan. 
verdant, v. i.; to grow green; to be 
verdant; to thrive: — ^betde; bumetde. 
verdigris, n.: — catdeniyo. 
verify, v. tr.; ix) prove to be true: — ^prue- 

ba; na-magajet; cumple. 
vermin, n.; insects; pests: — g§.git. 
verisimilar, adj., adv.; probable; like- 
ly: — calang magajet; jongguiyon. 
verse, n.: — ^betso. . 
versed, adj.; skilled; experienced: — es- 

perimentao; pay on. 
vertebra, n.: — tdlang espinaso. 
very, adj.:s6t. 
very sorrowful, adj.; grieving: — tri- 

reste; gof triste; gof pinite. 
very thin (liquid), adj., adv.: — g6f 

fache. 
vespers, n.; — bispera; tinaitai 

pupueiige. ^ ' ^ . 

vessel, n.; utensil for liquids: — nayan. 
vest, n.; waistcoat: — clialeco. 
vestibule, n.: — patio, 
vestige, n.; track; a mark left in pass- 
ing: — rastro; fegu§, 
veteran, n.: — antigo gui setbisio. 
veterinary, n.; healer of disease of 
domestic animals: — amot gaga; n^'- 
magong (ch^tnot) gag^. 
vexation, n.; ai^er; ill-humor :~ch.at- 

jinalum; minatapaiig; atboroto. 
vexatious, adj., adv.; irksome: — gaijet- 

dan; atborotao; aatborota. 
vibrate, v. tr.; to move back and forth; to 

shako; — chalauchau; na-ldulau. 
vicarage, n.; parsonage; rectory; — cu- 
rate 
vicarious, adj.: — sustituto; interino; 

suplente. ' , 

vice, n.; fault; defect; blemish: — bisio. 
vicious, adj., adv.; criminal; — ^bisioso. 
vicinity, n.; neighborhood: — ^bisino. 
victim, n.; dupe;— bictima; iridao; y 

,toca matai. 
victor, n.: — y S-S-nau. 
victory, nr; gain: — guinana. 
view, v. tr.; to visit; to inspect; to con- 
trol; to search: — 6gag§.. 
vigil, 71.: — ^bijUia; bela. 



vigor 



125 



warn 



vigor, n.; etrer^th; force; power: — 

iinette. 
vigorous, ad;., adv.; robust; strong: — 

fuette; fotte; masaj^gat. 
vile, adj., adv.; mean-spirited; base; 

abject: — despresi&o. 
vile man, n.; a base man:— jenfi^an; 

dplacM. 
village, n.;— songong. 
villain, n.; scoundrel; — ^plcaro. 
villainy, n,; roguery; knavery: — picat- 

dia; implach^. 
vindicate, v. tt.; to justify; to exoner- 
ate: — sustiene; defiende. 
vindication, n.; defense; support by 

proof: — dineiiende; sinestiene. 
vine, n.; climbing plant:^y cumiicu- 

nanaf na tinanom. 
vinegar, n.: — ^binagle. 
vineyard, n,; hili planted with vines: — 

tinanum ubas; biiia. 
violate, v. tr.; to injure: — desbetga; 

yulan^; n^-lamen. 
violent, adj.^ adv.; forcible: — pot y 

fuetsa; a fuetsas; duro; fejman. 
violent, adj., adv.; furious; vehement; 

impetuous ; forcible : — dur o ; f ej man ; 

fuetsao, 
violent, adj.; boisterous; passionate; 

stormy : — arebatdo . 
violin, n.: — l&bit, 
violin player, n.: — -lalabit. 
virgin, n.; maiden: — ^bitgen; tat nai 

mayuma, 
virtue, n,; strength: — ^bittud. 
virtuous, adj., adv.: — bittuoso; t^i- 

bisio. 



virtuous, adj.; devout;— manjon^gue; 

gasgas; tAimancha. 
vise, n.; two-jawed tool for holding 

work: — ^para mafiiguet; totniyo. 
visible, wlj., adv.: — aHog; lif on; ^nog. 
vision, n.; appearance:— linil* 
visit, V. tr.; to inspect:— 6gag&; fat6igue; 

bisita. 
vital, adj.; mortal; essential: — fan 

matayan. 
vivacious, adj., adv.; lively; elegant; 

delicate; admirable:— air oso; llila. 
vocabulary, n.; dictionary: — dicsion- 

ario. 
vocation, n.; calling; occupation: — 

ocupasidn. 
voice, n.: — ^bos. 
void, adj.; not valid; not admissible: — 

nulo; no bale; ti bale, 
volcano, n.: — botcan. 
voluble, adj.; fluent in speech; — nilagsS. 
volume, n.:~totao. 
voluminous, adj.; copious; extensive: — 

megai na torao. 
voluntary, adj.; spontaneous; — bolun- 

tario; malagd. 
volunteer, n.: — boiuntario. 
vomit, V. i.: — muta. 
voracious, adj., arfu.; ravenous; greedy: — ^, 

goloso; ambriento. 
vote, n.: — boto. 
vote, V. %.: — bota. 
vow, V. tr.; to make a vow; to make a 

solemn promise: — boto; promete. 
voyage, n.; — ^biaje. 
vulgar, adj.; unrefined; coarse: — 

t&.iiaye; bastos; t4i ineyag. 



w. 



wadding, n.; soft stuff of loose texture 

used for stufRng garments: — riyeno; 

afulo. 
"wag, n.; jester; merry fellow; — ^ntima- 

n3.chalig; chansero. 
wage, n.; payment for service; pay; 

salary : — suet do . 
wager, n.; something staked on an 

issue : — S,ap osta. 
wager, v. tr.; to hazard; to bet; to 

stake: — aposta, 
wagon, n.: — careta; careton. 
wagon, n,; carriage: — calesa. 
wagon box (part of a wagon body), n.: — 

caman-careta. 
wail, n.; lament; moan: — yanto; ti- 

nangse. 
waist, n.: — sentuxa. 
waistcoat, n.: — chaleco. 
wait, V. i.; to stay in expectation: — 

nangga. 
waiting room, n.; anteroom: — cuatton 

bisita. 
waive, v. tr.; to give up a claim; to 

forego: — despensa; sotta; asti; n&-para. 
wake, V. %.; to watch: — bela. 



wake up, v. %.; to waken; to awake: — 

yfi,jo; fagmata; pa^on. 
walk, 71.; — ^UnS-^'yau; pinecat; paseo, 
walk, V. %.; to leave; to depart; to go; to 

move: — ^famdcat; pocat. 
wall, n.: — ^luga; padit; padet. 
wallow, v: %.; to roll one's body in the 

mire: — bailadero; chucan; bumaiia- 

dero; galelique. 
wander, v. i.; to stroll ; to ramble about:— 

lumSrUya; lumS<^yau. 
want, V. i.: — malagd. 
want, n.; deficiency; defect: — ^nesesita; 

malagS; esc^o; finatta. 
want, n.; penury; poverty: — jailas. 
want, V. tr.; to will: — jangai. 
war, n.: — ^guez'a; gueriya. 
w^ardrobe, n.; closet for clothes: — 

aparaddt. 
warehouse, n.: — depSsito, 
wares, n.: — efectos; metcaderfa, 
warm, v. tr.: — jfi-me. 
warm, v. tr,; to heat:— na-mSipe; nS,- 

tlbiu. 
warn, v. tr.; to give notice of danger: — 

niL-tungo ni peligro; faisen; abisar. 



vigor 



125 



warn 



vigor, n.; etrer^th; force; power: — 

iinette. 
vigorous, ad;., adv.; robust; strong: — 

fuette; fotte; masaj^gat. 
vile, adj., adv.; mean-spirited; base; 

abject: — despresi&o. 
vile man, n.; a base man:— jenfi^an; 

dplacM. 
village, n.;— songong. 
villain, n.; scoundrel; — ^plcaro. 
villainy, n,; roguery; knavery: — picat- 

dia; implach^. 
vindicate, v. tt.; to justify; to exoner- 
ate: — sustiene; defiende. 
vindication, n.; defense; support by 

proof: — dineiiende; sinestiene. 
vine, n.; climbing plant:^y cumiicu- 

nanaf na tinanom. 
vinegar, n.: — ^binagle. 
vineyard, n,; hili planted with vines: — 

tinanum ubas; biiia. 
violate, v. tr.; to injure: — desbetga; 

yulan^; n^-lamen. 
violent, adj.^ adv.; forcible: — pot y 

fuetsa; a fuetsas; duro; fejman. 
violent, adj., adv.; furious; vehement; 

impetuous ; forcible : — dur o ; f ej man ; 

fuetsao, 
violent, adj.; boisterous; passionate; 

stormy : — arebatdo . 
violin, n.: — l&bit, 
violin player, n.: — -lalabit. 
virgin, n.; maiden: — ^bitgen; tat nai 

mayuma, 
virtue, n,; strength: — ^bittud. 
virtuous, adj., adv.: — bittuoso; t^i- 

bisio. 



virtuous, adj.; devout;— manjon^gue; 

gasgas; tAimancha. 
vise, n.; two-jawed tool for holding 

work: — ^para mafiiguet; totniyo. 
visible, wlj., adv.: — aHog; lif on; ^nog. 
vision, n.; appearance:— linil* 
visit, V. tr.; to inspect:— 6gag&; fat6igue; 

bisita. 
vital, adj.; mortal; essential: — fan 

matayan. 
vivacious, adj., adv.; lively; elegant; 

delicate; admirable:— air oso; llila. 
vocabulary, n.; dictionary: — dicsion- 

ario. 
vocation, n.; calling; occupation: — 

ocupasidn. 
voice, n.: — ^bos. 
void, adj.; not valid; not admissible: — 

nulo; no bale; ti bale, 
volcano, n.: — botcan. 
voluble, adj.; fluent in speech; — nilagsS. 
volume, n.:~totao. 
voluminous, adj.; copious; extensive: — 

megai na torao. 
voluntary, adj.; spontaneous; — bolun- 

tario; malagd. 
volunteer, n.: — boiuntario. 
vomit, V. i.: — muta. 
voracious, adj., arfu.; ravenous; greedy: — ^, 

goloso; ambriento. 
vote, n.: — boto. 
vote, V. %.: — bota. 
vow, V. tr.; to make a vow; to make a 

solemn promise: — boto; promete. 
voyage, n.; — ^biaje. 
vulgar, adj.; unrefined; coarse: — 

t&.iiaye; bastos; t4i ineyag. 



w. 



wadding, n.; soft stuff of loose texture 

used for stufRng garments: — riyeno; 

afulo. 
"wag, n.; jester; merry fellow; — ^ntima- 

n3.chalig; chansero. 
wage, n.; payment for service; pay; 

salary : — suet do . 
wager, n.; something staked on an 

issue : — S,ap osta. 
wager, v. tr.; to hazard; to bet; to 

stake: — aposta, 
wagon, n.: — careta; careton. 
wagon, n,; carriage: — calesa. 
wagon box (part of a wagon body), n.: — 

caman-careta. 
wail, n.; lament; moan: — yanto; ti- 

nangse. 
waist, n.: — sentuxa. 
waistcoat, n.: — chaleco. 
wait, V. i.; to stay in expectation: — 

nangga. 
waiting room, n.; anteroom: — cuatton 

bisita. 
waive, v. tr.; to give up a claim; to 

forego: — despensa; sotta; asti; n&-para. 
wake, V. %.; to watch: — bela. 



wake up, v. %.; to waken; to awake: — 

yfi,jo; fagmata; pa^on. 
walk, 71.; — ^UnS-^'yau; pinecat; paseo, 
walk, V. %.; to leave; to depart; to go; to 

move: — ^famdcat; pocat. 
wall, n.: — ^luga; padit; padet. 
wallow, v: %.; to roll one's body in the 

mire: — bailadero; chucan; bumaiia- 

dero; galelique. 
wander, v. i.; to stroll ; to ramble about:— 

lumSrUya; lumS<^yau. 
want, V. i.: — malagd. 
want, n.; deficiency; defect: — ^nesesita; 

malagS; esc^o; finatta. 
want, n.; penury; poverty: — jailas. 
want, V. tr.; to will: — jangai. 
war, n.: — ^guez'a; gueriya. 
w^ardrobe, n.; closet for clothes: — 

aparaddt. 
warehouse, n.: — depSsito, 
wares, n.: — efectos; metcaderfa, 
warm, v. tr.: — jfi-me. 
warm, v. tr,; to heat:— na-mSipe; nS,- 

tlbiu. 
warn, v. tr.; to give notice of danger: — 

niL-tungo ni peligro; faisen; abisar. 



warranty 



126 



whitish i 



warrajity, n.; bail; security: — ^flansa; 

finfa, 
warrior, n.: — ^lalajen guera; guerero, 
warship, n.: — ^batcon guera. 
wart, n,; bud: — diian. 
■warty, adj.: — ml-dtian. 
wash, V. tr.; to cleanse: — eiS^cola; 

fdgase. 
washbasin, n.;— pila; fam^asiyan. 
wash tray, n.; wooden tray, small, and 

almost flat: — ^bat6a. 
wasp, n.; — sasata. 
waste, V, tr.; to squander; to destroy 

wantonly: — gasta; despetdlsia. 
waste, n.; the act of wasting; useless 

expenditure : — despetdfsio. 
wast ef 111, adj., adv.; extravagant: — 

gUstadot. 
watch, n.; close observation: — ^relda. 
watch, 71.; guard: — ^y mamtbnulaxi; 

guS-tdia. 
watch, I', i.; to guard; — ^pulan. 
watch, v. tr.; to observe the Sabbath: — 

guatda. 
watchman, n.; post; guard: — guitdla. 
•water, n.: — janum. 
water bottle, n.; — gotgoretan janum. 
water gauge, n.; hydrostatic balance: — 

mb#t. 
water pumping station, n.: — estasion 

bomban janum. 
water reservoir, n.; — sagan janum; 

tinajan janum. 
water supply, n.: — aguada. 
watery, adj.: — bula janum; jinanum. 
wave, n.: — ^napo. 
wave, V. tr., v. %.; to brandish; to swing: — 

nfi,-gupo; yallbau; chucan. 
waver, v. %.; to stagger; — fiaujan. 
wax, n.: — lacre; cola; danguis. 
wax candle, n.; — daiaguis sera, 
we, pers. pron.: — ^jita; jame (us, pers, 

pron,: jit; jam). 
way, n.; road; route; street: — chalan. 
wayward, adj.^ adv.: — caprichoso. 
weak, cdj.; depressed; languid; feeble: — 

ygiai; d^bit. 
-wreak, adj.; thin (rope) ; — gueton. 
weaken, v. tr.; to enfeeble: — ^n&-y&fai. 
weal, n.; callosity: — gl-tot; cayos. 
wealthy, adj.; fortunate; opulent; lucky; 

happy; prosperous: — affottunao. 
wean, v. tr.; to wean a child: — gunus. 
wear, n.; use: — ^iwa. 
weary, v. L; to be weary; to be fatigued; 

to be tired: — yayas. 
weary, adj.^ adv.; tired; surfeited: — 6son. 
weather, n.: — tiempo. 
weave, v. tr.: — tufog. 
weave, v. tr.; to pleat: — mamfog. 
weaver, n.;— tltufog. 
webbing, n.; a narrow woven fabric of 

cotton or flax: — tinifog. 
wed, v.ir.yV. i.; to marry: — &camd. 
wedding, n.; wedlock; marriage: — ^In- 

&camd; uindcamd; matrim6nio. 
wedding feast, n.: — ^fandanggo. 



wedding gift (of the bridegroom to the 

bride), n.: — aog, 
wedge, n.: — cufia. 
Wednesday, n.: — ^miStcolea. 
weed, n.; useless plant: — ^lumut; chS,''- 

guan, 
weed out, v. tr.; to use up; to spread: — 

jUto. 
week, n.; period of seven days: — 

semana. 
weigh, V. tr., v. i.: — ^pesa. 
weigh anchor, v. (r.:— leba y aflgcla. 
weigh by hand, v. tr.: — tajlang. 
weighmaster, n.: — pesaddt. 
weigh, n.;— pesa; minacat. 
welcome, adj.; received with gladness or 

hospitality: — ^fells biaje; bienbenida. 
well, n.;— poao; asiento; tupo. 
well, n.: pit: — joyo. 
well-being, n.; good fortune: — guinSf- 

saga. 
well-meaning, adj.; benevolent; well 

disposed toward some one: — ch^chijet; 

mangoflie. 
west, n.: — ^luchan; gui lichan; san lichan. 
wet, adj.; damp; moist: — fLojmon; fot- 

gon; masmas. 
wet, V. tr.; to moisten: — ^nd.-fotgon. 
whale, n.: — saltiJogai; bayena. 
whaler, n.;— bayenero. 
what? pron.; which? something: — jafa. 
whatever, adv.: — jaf ja; masea jafa. 
wheat, n.; grain: — trigo. 
wheedle, v. %.; to flatter; to fawn on: — 

fa-andS. 
wheel, n,.*— rueda. 
-when, conj.; whenever: — anguin; an- 

guinja; yaguin; yanguin; an; nai; dnai; 

ngaian. • 
when? adv.: — ^^dian? 
where? adv.: — ^xnanggui? mano? 
whet, V. tr.; to sharpen: — guasi.. 
whether, conj.; if: — cau. 
whetstone, n.; grindstone: — guasa'^on. 
which, rel. pron,: — nl. 
which? prrni. interrog.; who? — jaye? 

jafa? . 

w^hile, conj.; during the time that: — 

eBpg,5io; pot espdsio de; mientras. 
whim, n.: — ^minalagd; antojo. 
whip, 71,: — ^l&tigo; cuatta. 
whiplash, n,: — cuattaso. 
whirlwind, n.; tornado; whirlpool: — 

remolino. 
whisper, v. tr., v. i.; to speak secretly: — 

fLangon. 
whistle (signal whistle), n.; mouth 

harmonica: — ^bibeg. 
whistle, V. tr.y v. i.; to whistle as a mark 

of disapproval; to hiss; to buzz; to 

crack the whip: — ^be£g-beng. 
Whistle, V. tr.y v. i.; to whistle with the 

lips: — chefla. 
white, adj.: — a.^pac&. 
white, n.; jibe white of an egg: — IL^'paca 

chad&. 
whitish, adj.: — ^inapac&an; ^pac^fidijon. 



whitewasli 



127 



worth 



whitewash, v. fr.;— bla£gquea; n^- 

whiz of a bullet, n.;— binefi^^befig. 
who? pron,, interrog,; which? — jaye? 
whoever, j>ron.;—jayej&; masea jaye. 
■whole, adj.; complete: — todo; entero. 
wholesale, adj.: — a pot xnayot. 
wholesome, adj.; sound :-^aludable. 
wholly, adv.; entirely; exclusively: — 

enterero; tododo. 
whosoever, j)Ton,: — ixx&b sea jaye; 

mas que sea jaye. 
wick, n.; tinder:— mecha. 
wicked, adj.; ungodly; unbelieving; in- 
fidel: — t&ilaye; ti jefiggue; ti man- 

joiiggue. 
wide, adj., adv.; broad; roomy; spac- 
ious:— mat alfi.; md^guag; feda; ancho. 
widen, v. tr,; to expand: — TX$i,~xa§/gVLQ,gi 

n^-ancho. 
widower, n.; widow:— biudo; biuda. 
width, n.: — finedH; inancho. 
wife, n.: — as&gua# 
wild, adj.f adv.; fierce; savage: — 

machaleg. 
wild animal, n.;— machaleg na gS.g&; 

dMau na g^^. 
will, 71,; free will: — pint6. 
will, V. tr.; to want to: — jafigai; malago. 
willingly, adv.; of a free will:— pot 

minagof; mAgogof. 
win by conquest; v. tr.; to acquire; to 

procure by effort: — conquista. 
^ wm, V. tr.; to defeat; to gain; to earn: — 

gana. 
wince, v. %.; to shrink: — pateg; toyd; 

Bumeja pot pinite. - 
wind, n.; air: — ^mafigld; ^ire. 
window, n.: — ^faiigojan; fanelaguan; 

bentana. 
wind, V. tr.; to wind up a thread: — 

f&-bola y jilo; falulun. 
windy, adj.: — ^ma mailgld; nabinila; 

bula ma^l6. 
wine, n.: — ^bino. 
wine press, n.: — ^prensa para mam- 

ugd ubas. 
wing, n.: — papa, 
wink, V. i.; to blink; to twinkle: — 

achetgue. 
winning, n.; gain: — gan&nsia. 
winter, n.: — tiempon manengjen^. 
Wipe out, V. tr.; to destroy; to consume; 

to devour: — nft-mafnas; funaa. 
wire, n.; — alamle. 
wireless telegraphy, n.: — telegrafia 

de radio, 
wisdom, n,; prudence; sagacity; shrewd- 
ness: — zninejnalum. 
wise, adj., adv.; prudent; sagacious; 

sly; crafty; learned; sensible: — faye; 

mi-tftanos; s^bio; tomtom. 
wish, n.; craving; desire; longing; — 

tinanga. 
wish, V. tr.; to desire; to crave; to loi^: — 

tanga; deeea. 
wlsk. happiness to, v. tr.; to congratu- 
late: — feUsftar; malag(ii minagof. 



wistful, adj., adv.; pensive: — gH man. 

desea; gSmalagd; atento. 
wit, n.; humor: — ^jinaso. 
witch, n,; sorceress: — ^bruja. 
with, prep.; in conjunction with: — con; 

yan; nf. 
withdraw, v. tr.; to abolish; to dismiss; 

to revoke; to countermand :^deroga. 
withdraw, v. tr.; to draw off;— des- 

cuenta. 
withdraw, v. tr.; to take away: — retira; 

nd-mdjfiao. 
within, prep,: — dentro de. 
within, adv.; inside; there within; — 

guijalum; jalum; sanjalum. 
without, prep.,'— sin. 
without appetite: — t&iganas. 
without delay: — enseguidas. 
with special care : — con xnucho cuid^o. 
withstand, v. i.; to turn against; to 

look some one sharply in the face: — 

fang.; dfan*^. 
witness, n.: — testigo. 
witty, adj., adv.; ingenious; clever; 

inventive :— grasioso. 
wolf, n.: — lobo. 
woman, n.: — palauan. 
womanly, adj., adv.: — calan pallluan; 

pinalduan. 
wonder, n.; miracle: — milagro. 
wonderful, adj., adv.; miraculous; mar- 
velous; — ^milagroso; nS.^'manman. 
wood, n.: — jayo. 
wool, n.: — lana. 
word, n.; expression; term: — t^tmino; 

sinangan ; palabra. 
word, n.; languagfe: — find; finijd; idioma. 
work, v. tr., v. i.; to labor; to toil; — 

fachdchd. 
work, v . tr.; to make ; to plant: — ch6^giie ; 

f§,tinaB. 
work, n.; act; action; deed: — fin&tinas. 
work, n.; building :~ch6ch6; chind^giie; 

fin&tinas; nin§,juyong. 
work, n.; creation: — nin&juyufig; man- 

ajuyung, 
work of charity, n.: — ch6ch6 yin6asS. 
work of love, n.: — obra de caridad. 
worker, n.; laborer; workman; — tra- 

bajaddt. 

work, n.; task :— ch6ch6. 
world, n.: — todo y tand. 
worldly, adj.:— gkta.n6. 
worm, 71.; — ulli; y cumdcucunaf na gaga. 
worry, v. tr.; to vex; to annoy; — at- 
borota. 

wora^y, v. i.; to brood; to indulge in 
melancholy meditation: — jasuye de- 
naasiao. 

worse, adj.; to get worse: — lum&- 
t&ilaye. 

worship, V. tr.; to adore; to love passion- 
ately: — adora. 

worst, adj.; worse than all others: — mas 
baba; mas tdilaye. 

worth, n,; value; price: — ^bale. 
I worth, V. tr.; to be worth; — gaibale. 



worth the price 



128 



zone 



worth the price,:— bale; bale yan y 

presto, 
wound, n.; defect; sore; abscess:— 

chetnot; erida. 
woimd, V. It.; to hurt; to damage:— 

faiietnot; na-fanetnot; ch^tnot; na- 

lamen. , . 

wound, v. tr.; to lacerate; to injure: — 

na-chetnudan. 
wounded, adj.: — chetnudan; eridao. 
wrangle, v. i.; to quarrel:— mumo; 

momye. 
wrap in, v. It.; to line:— afuluye. 
wrap up, ^^ tr.; to awatte; to swaddle; to 

infold: — afuyut. 
wrath, n.; choler; ire; indignant pae- 

aion; — ira; binibo. 
wreck, n.: — mafag. 
wreckage, n.; remains of a wrecked ves- 

gel; — sobian y mafag na batco. 



wrench, v. tr,; to wring or pull with a 

Xwlst\ — tara bira; na-apliHg; amot. 
wrestle, v . i. :— &f ulS; umdfulO . 
wretch, n.; despicable or worthless 

person:— tiibale na taotao. 
wretched, adj., adv.; miserable; un- 

happy:— miserable; pobble. 
wretchedness, n.; misery: — misena; 

pineblc. 
wrinkle, n.: — macalejlo; majedo; jedo. 
wrinkled, adj.: — ^macalejlo. 
write, V. tr., v. i.;— manggul; tugul. 
writer, n.; clerk:— tituguS; escrebiente. 
wrong, n.; fault; injury; injustice:— 

fatta; ninatailaye; inechong; lache. 
wrongful, adj., adv.; injurious— mflachi; 

mllache. 
wry, adj.; distorted; twisted:— mabira; 

echong. 



Y. 



yacht, 71.: — lanchita. 

yam, n.;— dago; nica; gad6. 

yank, r. tr.; to jerk; to twist:— go tpea. 

yard, n.; courtyard: — pS,tio; sitio. 

yawm, x. i.; to gape; to evaporate: — 

magap. 
year, n.: — sacan; alio. 
year, n.; new year: — afiiG nuebo. 
yearn, v. i.; to feel an earnest desire: — 

niajalan|^. 
yeast, n.; sour dough: — lebadura. 
yeast, n.; sediment:— lebog; asiento. 
yell, V. i.; to yell very loudly; to yell 
one's self hoarse;— um§8alao; esalau; 
umairang. 
yelling, n.; clamor; shouting:— esalau; 

inagaiig. 
yellow, adj., adv.: — amariyo. 
yellow sugar, n.; candy: — caramelo. 
yes, ac/i;.;— jungan; juo. 
yesterday, adv.: — nigap. 



yet, adv.; not yet: — trabia. 

yet, adv.; still, in addition:— trabia. 

yield, v.tr.^v.i.; to produce :— ganansia; 

na-juyong; tx%-^^^. 
yield, v.tr.^v.i.;to submit; to concede:— 

osgue; jonggue; p61o. 
yielding, adj.; fertile; rich; productive:— 

ganansioso. 
yoke, n.:— -yugo. * , j* 

yolk (of an egg), n.:— agaga chada; 

yema. 
yon, 'pr(m., adj.; yonder; that:— enau; 

^nao. 
you, 'pers. pron. .-—jago (sing.); jamyo 

(plur.). 
young, adj.: — ^patgon, joben. 
your, pron. ;—iyomo {sing.); iyonuuyo 

(plur.). 
youth, n.;— jubentM; pinatgon. 
youthful, adj.; fresh; vigorous:— joben; 
patgon. 



z. 



zeal, n.; eaj^erness; diligence:— empefio; 

quimmpiido; esmero. 
zealous, adj., adv.; emulous; ardent; 

eager: — empefifi.o; empeiloso; cum- 

plido. 



zero, n.; naught: — aero. 

zinc, 71.; a bluish-white metal:— sm. 

zone, n.; one of the five zones of tempera- 

tuj-e : — sona; unagui sinco na dibision y 

tan6 pot temperatura. 



worth the price 



128 



zone 



worth the price,:— bale; bale yan y 

presto, 
wound, n.; defect; sore; abscess:— 

chetnot; erida. 
woimd, V. It.; to hurt; to damage:— 

faiietnot; na-fanetnot; ch^tnot; na- 

lamen. , . 

wound, v. tr.; to lacerate; to injure: — 

na-chetnudan. 
wounded, adj.: — chetnudan; eridao. 
wrangle, v. i.; to quarrel:— mumo; 

momye. 
wrap in, v. It.; to line:— afuluye. 
wrap up, ^^ tr.; to awatte; to swaddle; to 

infold: — afuyut. 
wrath, n.; choler; ire; indignant pae- 

aion; — ira; binibo. 
wreck, n.: — mafag. 
wreckage, n.; remains of a wrecked ves- 

gel; — sobian y mafag na batco. 



wrench, v. tr,; to wring or pull with a 

Xwlst\ — tara bira; na-apliHg; amot. 
wrestle, v . i. :— &f ulS; umdfulO . 
wretch, n.; despicable or worthless 

person:— tiibale na taotao. 
wretched, adj., adv.; miserable; un- 

happy:— miserable; pobble. 
wretchedness, n.; misery: — misena; 

pineblc. 
wrinkle, n.: — macalejlo; majedo; jedo. 
wrinkled, adj.: — ^macalejlo. 
write, V. tr., v. i.;— manggul; tugul. 
writer, n.; clerk:— tituguS; escrebiente. 
wrong, n.; fault; injury; injustice:— 

fatta; ninatailaye; inechong; lache. 
wrongful, adj., adv.; injurious— mflachi; 

mllache. 
wry, adj.; distorted; twisted:— mabira; 

echong. 



Y. 



yacht, 71.: — lanchita. 

yam, n.;— dago; nica; gad6. 

yank, r. tr.; to jerk; to twist:— go tpea. 

yard, n.; courtyard: — pS,tio; sitio. 

yawm, x. i.; to gape; to evaporate: — 

magap. 
year, n.: — sacan; alio. 
year, n.; new year: — afiiG nuebo. 
yearn, v. i.; to feel an earnest desire: — 

niajalan|^. 
yeast, n.; sour dough: — lebadura. 
yeast, n.; sediment:— lebog; asiento. 
yell, V. i.; to yell very loudly; to yell 
one's self hoarse;— um§8alao; esalau; 
umairang. 
yelling, n.; clamor; shouting:— esalau; 

inagaiig. 
yellow, adj., adv.: — amariyo. 
yellow sugar, n.; candy: — caramelo. 
yes, ac/i;.;— jungan; juo. 
yesterday, adv.: — nigap. 



yet, adv.; not yet: — trabia. 

yet, adv.; still, in addition:— trabia. 

yield, v.tr.^v.i.; to produce :— ganansia; 

na-juyong; tx%-^^^. 
yield, v.tr.^v.i.;to submit; to concede:— 

osgue; jonggue; p61o. 
yielding, adj.; fertile; rich; productive:— 

ganansioso. 
yoke, n.:— -yugo. * , j* 

yolk (of an egg), n.:— agaga chada; 

yema. 
yon, 'pr(m., adj.; yonder; that:— enau; 

^nao. 
you, 'pers. pron. .-—jago (sing.); jamyo 

(plur.). 
young, adj.: — ^patgon, joben. 
your, pron. ;—iyomo {sing.); iyonuuyo 

(plur.). 
youth, n.;— jubentM; pinatgon. 
youthful, adj.; fresh; vigorous:— joben; 
patgon. 



z. 



zeal, n.; eaj^erness; diligence:— empefio; 

quimmpiido; esmero. 
zealous, adj., adv.; emulous; ardent; 

eager: — empefifi.o; empeiloso; cum- 

plido. 



zero, n.; naught: — aero. 

zinc, 71.; a bluish-white metal:— sm. 

zone, n.; one of the five zones of tempera- 

tuj-e : — sona; unagui sinco na dibision y 

tan6 pot temperatura. 



worth the price 



128 



zone 



worth the price,:— bale; bale yan y 

presto, 
wound, n.; defect; sore; abscess:— 

chetnot; erida. 
woimd, V. It.; to hurt; to damage:— 

faiietnot; na-fanetnot; ch^tnot; na- 

lamen. , . 

wound, v. tr.; to lacerate; to injure: — 

na-chetnudan. 
wounded, adj.: — chetnudan; eridao. 
wrangle, v. i.; to quarrel:— mumo; 

momye. 
wrap in, v. It.; to line:— afuluye. 
wrap up, ^^ tr.; to awatte; to swaddle; to 

infold: — afuyut. 
wrath, n.; choler; ire; indignant pae- 

aion; — ira; binibo. 
wreck, n.: — mafag. 
wreckage, n.; remains of a wrecked ves- 

gel; — sobian y mafag na batco. 



wrench, v. tr,; to wring or pull with a 

Xwlst\ — tara bira; na-apliHg; amot. 
wrestle, v . i. :— &f ulS; umdfulO . 
wretch, n.; despicable or worthless 

person:— tiibale na taotao. 
wretched, adj., adv.; miserable; un- 

happy:— miserable; pobble. 
wretchedness, n.; misery: — misena; 

pineblc. 
wrinkle, n.: — macalejlo; majedo; jedo. 
wrinkled, adj.: — ^macalejlo. 
write, V. tr., v. i.;— manggul; tugul. 
writer, n.; clerk:— tituguS; escrebiente. 
wrong, n.; fault; injury; injustice:— 

fatta; ninatailaye; inechong; lache. 
wrongful, adj., adv.; injurious— mflachi; 

mllache. 
wry, adj.; distorted; twisted:— mabira; 

echong. 



Y. 



yacht, 71.: — lanchita. 

yam, n.;— dago; nica; gad6. 

yank, r. tr.; to jerk; to twist:— go tpea. 

yard, n.; courtyard: — pS,tio; sitio. 

yawm, x. i.; to gape; to evaporate: — 

magap. 
year, n.: — sacan; alio. 
year, n.; new year: — afiiG nuebo. 
yearn, v. i.; to feel an earnest desire: — 

niajalan|^. 
yeast, n.; sour dough: — lebadura. 
yeast, n.; sediment:— lebog; asiento. 
yell, V. i.; to yell very loudly; to yell 
one's self hoarse;— um§8alao; esalau; 
umairang. 
yelling, n.; clamor; shouting:— esalau; 

inagaiig. 
yellow, adj., adv.: — amariyo. 
yellow sugar, n.; candy: — caramelo. 
yes, ac/i;.;— jungan; juo. 
yesterday, adv.: — nigap. 



yet, adv.; not yet: — trabia. 

yet, adv.; still, in addition:— trabia. 

yield, v.tr.^v.i.; to produce :— ganansia; 

na-juyong; tx%-^^^. 
yield, v.tr.^v.i.;to submit; to concede:— 

osgue; jonggue; p61o. 
yielding, adj.; fertile; rich; productive:— 

ganansioso. 
yoke, n.:— -yugo. * , j* 

yolk (of an egg), n.:— agaga chada; 

yema. 
yon, 'pr(m., adj.; yonder; that:— enau; 

^nao. 
you, 'pers. pron. .-—jago (sing.); jamyo 

(plur.). 
young, adj.: — ^patgon, joben. 
your, pron. ;—iyomo {sing.); iyonuuyo 

(plur.). 
youth, n.;— jubentM; pinatgon. 
youthful, adj.; fresh; vigorous:— joben; 
patgon. 



z. 



zeal, n.; eaj^erness; diligence:— empefio; 

quimmpiido; esmero. 
zealous, adj., adv.; emulous; ardent; 

eager: — empefifi.o; empeiloso; cum- 

plido. 



zero, n.; naught: — aero. 

zinc, 71.; a bluish-white metal:— sm. 

zone, n.; one of the five zones of tempera- 

tuj-e : — sona; unagui sinco na dibision y 

tan6 pot temperatura. 



PART U.-CHAMORRO-ENGLISH. 



A. 

Note.— Names of fishes, trees, etc., and thetr descriptions are based upon W. E. Safford'a Useful 
Plants of the Island of Guam. 



a, prep.: — at {ex., at eleven o'clock: a 
las onse); um-fi,: — together; opposite 
each other; uml-faaia y dos: — they 
(two persons) stood opposite each 
other. 

a£L (manman), v. %.; also ang^laftr—to 
gape; to yawn; to open the mouth wide, 

^aconseja, n.; also consejero:— advisor; 
councillor. 

iamte, n.; also medico: — surgeon; doc- 
tor; physician. 

y (y LB the definite article): — &fi,fiau; 
also bictoiioso, n,.* — victor. 

&aposta, n.: — one who wagers; one who 
stakes something on an issue . 

&-atte, a(?;.;— trickish; full of intrigue. 

ahabang, n.:—b utterly. 

fiaban, n.; also ^abang: — local name for 
a tree of the species of Eugenia, the 
hard, close-grained wood of which is 
much used m construction work. 

abag, v. tr., v, i.:~—to misrepresent; to 
lose one's way; to go astray; to be lost; 
to go to the bad; to disappear. 

ababafi!^, n.: — name applied to several 
short, flat fishes with conspicuous 
markings, the prettiest of which, 
abundant in tide pools of the coral 
reefs, are ornamented with black and 
yellow stripes. 

ababa^ gup&lau, n.:— name given by 
the natives to a beautiful harlequin, 
or bannerfish, with an elongated dorsal 
fin, and black, yellow, and white 
vertical stripes, 
ababa^ pintado, n.: — local name of 
a beautiful and striking little fish, 
common in the tide pools of the reef; 
silvery and yellow, with black spots 
and bands. 
&baca, n.: — manila hemp. 
S.bal§, adj., adv.; also ^placba,: — dirty; 
impure; unclean; in-abal6, n.: — im- 
purity. _^ 
abandona, v. tr.; also dingo; desam- 
para: — abandon; to leave; to quit; to 
leave behind; to forsake; to desert, 
abandonao, adj.: — abandoned;' left; for- 
I saken; left alone, 

abandono, n.; — abandonment; forlorn 

condition; dereliction, 
abanico, n.; also piinfi laid; panag- 
I lal6: — fan; fly-swatter. 



abas, n.: — local name for the guayaba 
apple. 

abeja, n.: — ^bee. 

aberfgua, v. tr., v. i.; also f&isen: — to 
interrogate; to question; to ask, 

aberigua, v. tr.; also reconose; in- 
bestiga: — to investigate; to inquire; 
to search into; to examine closely; to 
scan; to sift; to probe. 

aberiguad6t, cwf?., adv.; also curioso; 
qSl maxn&isen: — inc|uisitive ; curious. 

abettura, n.; also bmaba: — aperture; 
opening; hole; cavity. 

abia^ v. tr.: — to provide; to provision; 
to sustain. 

abiba^ v.i.; also anima:— to take courage. 

abiba^ v. tr.; also anima; n&-balente:— 
to encourage; to inspire; to incite. 

abichuelas, n.: — beans. 

abietto, adj., adv.; also baba: — open; 
ajar; unfastened, 

abio, n,; also mantension: — livelihood ; 
sustenance; subsistence, 

abiso, n.; also inadbiette: — admonition; 
exhortation. 

abit, affj.:— skillful (especially in small 
work) . 

&bito, n.; also tlinico: — garment; habit. 

abmanx, adj.: — a^o; gone; past, 

abmam, adv.: — since olden times; Ifi.- 
abmam: — for some time ; for quite some 
time; ti-abmam: ^immediately there- 
after; na.-abm.ani: — to put off; to post- 
pone; to defer; una-abmam: — to loiter; 
to linger; to tarry; in-abmam: — to 
delay; to stay; to stop. _^ 

abog, n.; also ma-gofiiS;, g^chong:— 
friend. . 

abogao, n.;— advocate; one who sj^eaks 

for another; lawyer; attorney. 
abona, v. tr.: — to pay; to discharge a 

debt, 
abono, n.; also taqu6: — manure; fertiliz- 
ing substance. 
abril, n.: — April. 

absuetbe, v. tr. :^to declare free; to re- 
lease; to pronounce not guilty; to ac- 
quit; to absolve. 
abtmd&nsia, n.; also min^gae; inabun- 
d&nsia; rico; micosas: — abundance; 
profusion; plenty; opulence; wealth; 
superfluity; overflow. 



(129) 



PART U.-CHAMORRO-ENGLISH. 



A. 

Note.— Names of fishes, trees, etc., and thetr descriptions are based upon W. E. Safford'a Useful 
Plants of the Island of Guam. 



a, prep.: — at {ex., at eleven o'clock: a 
las onse); um-fi,: — together; opposite 
each other; uml-faaia y dos: — they 
(two persons) stood opposite each 
other. 

a£L (manman), v. %.; also ang^laftr—to 
gape; to yawn; to open the mouth wide, 

^aconseja, n.; also consejero:— advisor; 
councillor. 

iamte, n.; also medico: — surgeon; doc- 
tor; physician. 

y (y LB the definite article): — &fi,fiau; 
also bictoiioso, n,.* — victor. 

&aposta, n.: — one who wagers; one who 
stakes something on an issue . 

&-atte, a(?;.;— trickish; full of intrigue. 

ahabang, n.:—b utterly. 

fiaban, n.; also ^abang: — local name for 
a tree of the species of Eugenia, the 
hard, close-grained wood of which is 
much used m construction work. 

abag, v. tr., v, i.:~—to misrepresent; to 
lose one's way; to go astray; to be lost; 
to go to the bad; to disappear. 

ababafi!^, n.: — name applied to several 
short, flat fishes with conspicuous 
markings, the prettiest of which, 
abundant in tide pools of the coral 
reefs, are ornamented with black and 
yellow stripes. 

ababa^ gup&lau, n.:— name given by 
the natives to a beautiful harlequin, 
or bannerfish, with an elongated dorsal 
fin, and black, yellow, and white 
vertical stripes, 
ababa^ pintado, n.: — local name of 
a beautiful and striking little fish, 
common in the tide pools of the reef; 
silvery and yellow, with black spots 
and bands. 
&baca, n.: — manila hemp. 
S.bal§, adj., adv.; also ^placba,: — dirty; 
impure; unclean; in-abal6, n.: — im- 
purity. _^ 
abandona, v. tr.; also dingo; desam- 
para: — abandon; to leave; to quit; to 
leave behind; to forsake; to desert, 
abandonao, adj.: — abandoned;' left; for- 
I saken; left alone, 

abandono, n.; — abandonment; forlorn 

condition; dereliction, 
abanico, n.; also piinfi laid; panag- 
I lal6: — fan; fly-swatter. 



abas, n.: — local name for the guayaba 
apple. 

abeja, n.: — ^bee. 

aberfgua, v. tr., v. i.; also f&isen: — to 
interrogate; to question; to ask, 

aberigua, v. tr.; also reconose; in- 
bestiga: — to investigate; to inquire; 
to search into; to examine closely; to 
scan; to sift; to probe. 

aberiguad6t, cwf?., adv.; also curioso; 
qSl maxn&isen: — inc|uisitive ; curious. 

abettura, n.; also bmaba: — aperture; 
opening; hole; cavity. 

abia^ v. tr.: — to provide; to provision; 
to sustain. 

abiba^ v.i.; also anima:— to take courage. 

abiba^ v. tr.; also anima; n&-balente:— 
to encourage; to inspire; to incite. 

abichuelas, n.: — beans. 

abietto, adj., adv.; also baba: — open; 
ajar; unfastened, 

abio, n,; also mantension: — livelihood ; 
sustenance; subsistence, 

abiso, n.; also inadbiette: — admonition; 
exhortation. 

abit, affj.:— skillful (especially in small 
work) . 

&bito, n.; also tlinico: — garment; habit. 

abmanx, adj.: — a^o; gone; past, 

abmam, adv.: — since olden times; Ifi.- 
abmam: — for some time ; for quite some 
time; ti-abmam: ^immediately there- 
after; na.-abm.ani: — to put off; to post- 
pone; to defer; una-abmam: — to loiter; 
to linger; to tarry; in-abmam: — to 
delay; to stay; to stop. _^ 

abog, n.; also ma-gofiiS;, g^chong:— 
friend. . 

abogao, n.;— advocate; one who sj^eaks 

for another; lawyer; attorney. 
abona, v. tr.: — to pay; to discharge a 

debt, 
abono, n.; also taqu6: — manure; fertiliz- 
ing substance. 
abril, n.: — April. 

absuetbe, v. tr. :^to declare free; to re- 
lease; to pronounce not guilty; to ac- 
quit; to absolve. 
abtmd&nsia, n.; also min^gae; inabun- 
d&nsia; rico; micosas: — abundance; 
profusion; plenty; opulence; wealth; 
superfluity; overflow. 



(129) 



abuudinsia 



130 



adbiento 



abundansia, arfj.:— ample; full; abun- 
dant. 

abuttao, adj,: — piled up; amassed; 
hoarded; cumulated. 

acH, V. tr.: — to bite; to gnaw; to crush or 
pierce with the teeth. 

§,cacani, n.: — molar tooth. 

acacha, adj. : — troublesome . 

acachaye, v. tr.: — to cheat; to deceive; to 
defraud; to do damage to; to dupe. 

acadidog*, adj., adv.: — sharp; keen; cut- 
ting. 

acg.giie: — left (direction to the left). 

ac&giie fafayifla, adj.: — left-handed. 

d,calayS, v. tr.;alsonh.-t\iiiog: — to lower; 
to let down. 

acalejfi,, n,;— snail. 

&cale]^, adj.; also apliiSg; cojo: — dislo- 
cated; lame; twisted, 

acamd, r. (r,, v. i.: — to wed; to marry. 

acangcang, n.;— local name for the sword 
bean, a twining creeper, bearing long 
esculent pods which, though coarse in 
appearance, vrhen sliced and boiled, 
are tender and ^ scarcely inferior to 
French beans; in Guam its purple 
flowers are conspicuous by the roadside. 

acaso, adv., conj.; also can^; jH^gguan; 
jon^guiyon; sifiaja,: — perhaps; by 
chance; may be; haply, 

aclara, v.^ tr^; also ina; zid,-fanung6: — 
to illuminate; to enlighten; to light up. 

acompana, v. tr.; also atiende; ines- 
g&ijon: — to accompany; to escort; to 
convoy; to attend; to play an accom- 
paniment to. 

acostombra, v. tr.; also n&-payon 
(from payon: to become accustomed 
to): — to accustom; to inure; to hab- 
ituate. 

acompananuento, n.: — convoy; escort; 

accompaniment. 
acompara, v. tr. :—to compare; to liken; 

to draw a parallel between. 
acomosinao, n.; also maestro: — boss; 

master; foreman. 
acoiig, n.; also apIacbS.: — ^filth; smut; 

mud; dirt (on the head). 
aconseja, v. i.; also pagat: — to counsel; 

to advise; to assist; to preach. 
aconseja, v, tr.; also atpajon: — to guess 

('by all sorts of signs); to divine; to find 

by conjecture; to prophesy; to tell 

one's fortune, 
acotdi6n, n.;aho atznonico: — accordion, 
acre, n.: — acre, 
acr^eddt, n.: — creditor, 
acseptasion, n.; also chinilS; resibo; 

rinesibe; in&csepta: — receipt; accept- 
ance. 

acsepta, v., ir..; also reeibe; chuI4: — to 
receive ; to accept. 

ascidente, adj., adv.: — occasional; in- 
cidental; casual. 

acsidente, n.; also desgr&aiat-^acci- 
dent; untoward event; unlooked-for 
happening. 



acsion, n.; also fin^tinast-^ction; deed; 
creature; work; act. 

actibo, arfj.; also man julat; najoi^: — 
effective; efficient. 

acusad6t, n.; also demandadfit: — 
plaintiff; one who commences a suit in 
a court of law. 

acha, n.; also g4ch.ai: — ax. 

acha, ?;. tr.;.also n3,-m&£la£Lli: — to make 
mellow; to beat; to make tender. 

achg,-u]agag, v. tr.: — to balance; to make 
of equal weights. 

achaca, v. tr.: — attribute; to rate; to 
put down to some one's account, 

&chai, 71.; — chin, 

ach&ica|;', v. i.: — to plunge down; to be 
precipitated; to tumble; to tilt; to 
rush; to move or press forward with 
impetuosity; to enter with undue 
eagerness. 

achaicag, v. tr.: — to turn over; to throw 
headlong, 

achSigua, adj.; also parejo; aya: — 
similar; resembling; equal. 

achaigua, n.; also pinarejo: — sem- 
blance; likeness. 

achagdna, adj.: — farther; more distant 
or remote. 

achaque, n.: also ataque: — fit; shock; 
attack. 

achetgue, v. i.; also chalaiolani: — to 
blink; to wink; to twinkle. 

achamcham, n.: — jawbone; the lower, 
or nether, jaw. 

achaque, n.; also jinatme: — sudden 
attack; penetration. 

achatatannao, n.; also enemigo; achat- 
liexno: — enemy; opponent. 

achetgue, v. %.; also chalamlam: — to 
blink; to wink; to twinkle. > 

achiig6, V. i.: — to close the eyes. 

achiote, n,; achote; achuete: — local 
name for a small tree bearing prickly 
capsules containing seeds surrounded 
by a red pulp, which yields the well- 
known annotto or arnotto of com- 
merce; the chief uses to which it is 
applied are for dyeing silk and cotton 
orange-yellow, and for coloring cheese 
and butter; the color imparted to fab- 
rics, however, is not lasting. 

ach6, n.; — stone; rock; cliff, 

achd-atupatf n.: — sling-stone. 

&chog, conj.; also achogjS,; sin enbatgo 
na: — notwithstanding that; though; 
although; albeit. 

achom, v. %.: — to sneeze. 

achd mollno, n.; — millstone. 

achd-iianaCj n.;— coral. 

acb.d ni zni bale, n.; also yema; — gem; a 

grecious stone. 
6 puc6, n.: — fishing stone (stone used 
by the natives when fishing). 
ad&, V. tr.: — to jeer at; to backbite; to 

Bcoff; to deride. 
adag, V. tr.y v. %.; also atan; dacut: — to 
rap; to strike a quick, s^arp blow; to 
knock. 



adbiette 



131 



agafig^ae 



adaje I interj.; also cmdao ! — be careful ! 

take care ! beware ! 
adaje, v. tr., v, %.; also manea: — to be- 
have; to conduct; to demean; to be- 
ware; to have a care; to be attentive. 

adalau! inter j.:~~hut\ (exclamatory). 

adamelon^, adj., adv.: — circular; round; 
rotund (ball, roll of writing or scroll). 

§,dause, v. L: — to intertwine. 

adbiento, n.; also jijijot: — advent. 

adbiette, v. tr.: also cuca; pag;at: — to 
adraonish; to advise; to caution; to 
stimulate; to preach. 

adbiette, v. tr.; also atituye; atan; 
faisen:— to advertise. 

adelanta, v. i.; also lumamauleg; ii&- 
lat jf§na; inS,-niejora: — to improve; to 
advance; to better one's circumstances; 
to make progress; to prosper; to thrive; 
to succeed . 

adelanta! interj.; also sigue nadna! — 
advance ! onward ! 

adelantao, adj.; also aumenta; iuma- 
ladtilo; gai producto:^ — rising; in- 
creasing; flourishing; thriving. 

adeiantd, n.; also iinalS.:— evolution; 
development; growth. 

ademas, adv.; also fuerade (iSjt?.): — ^be- 
fiides; moreover; apart from that. 

adeng, n.: — foot. 

adet, adj., adv.; also cviinj>]ido; mampos; 
malamafia: — severe; strict; austere; 
rigid. 

adibina, v, tr.: — prophesy; to tell one's 
fortune. 

adibma, n.: — riddle; enigma; puzzle. 

adin^, n.;— leg; one of the limbs by 
which men and animals walk; patas, 
n.: foot. 

fidifigan, v. tr., v. %.; also adi^ane; 
alog; cuentos: — to speak; to talk; to 
eay; to utter. 

adinganiye, v. i.: — to intercede, or to 
speak in favor of some one. 

ddingo, V. %.; also ni,-suja; separa: — 
to sej^arate; to part; to go asunder. 

adios, interj.; also feKs biaje: — farewell; 
may you fare well; may you prosper. 

admaye laso sija, v. tr.: — to lay snares. 

adiuirante, n.: — admiral. 

admits, v. tr.:— to admit; to allow; to 
let come to pass. 

adomididi, a(^.:— gradual; step by step; 
by degrees. 

adopta, v. tr.; also ganye: — to adopt 
(as one's own child); to select. 

adora, v. tr. :~~to adore; to worship; to 
idolize; to love passionately. 

4dotgan, v. tr,: — to traverse; to run 
through; to go through. 

adotna^ v. tr.: — to decorate; to adorn; 

to trim. 
adotno, n.: — ornament; adornment; em- 
bellishment, 
adrede, adj., adv.; also jaaiS^on; de- 
pots! ma-jasuye: — designed; inten- 
tional; premeditated, 
aduana, n.: — customhouse. 



aduana, n.; also anas; derechos: — 

customs duties; duties; fees. 
aduanayon, adj.: — dutiable; subject to 

duty, 
aduanero, n.: — revenue officer. 
a'duco, adj.; also ^''taxnos; ndsio: — 

imbecile; feebleminded; idiotic., 
adquil^t, n.; also adquil6ii,:— ^rental; 

amount of rent, 
adquila, v. tr.; also arienda: — to rent; 

to let by lease; to farm out. 



aeronauta. 



n. 



pilotoD, atre: — 



aeronaut. 
a fabot de: — in favor of. 
af &f &, n.: — armpit . 

aiafa^i, V. tr.: — to carry under the arm- 
pit. 
afamao, adj., adv.; also distin|;guido: — 

famous; distinguished. 
afatigao, n.: — fatigue; weariness; mental 

or bodily exhaustion, 
afitma, v. tr.; also defiende Jafa na 
rason: — to allege; to affirm; to assert, 
aflago, n.; also tuyanj pat61: — lower 

part of the abdomen; groin, 
aflito, V. tr.: — to fry; to bake in a pan. 
afloja, V. tr.: — to decrease in tension; 

to slacken; to unbend. 
afloja, v.^ tr., v. %.; also ctun&calo; 
numab^: — to relax; to enervate or to 
become enervated. 
afog, n.: — lime. 

afottunao, adj., adv.; also felis: — 
fortunate; wealthy; opulent; lucky- 
prosperous; happy; auspicious. 
afottunao, n,; also suette: — good for- 
tune. 
afte^ V. tr.: — to cover; to cover the roof 

(with leaves of the cocoa palm), 
afuetBas, adj., adv.; also pot y fuetsa; 

fuetsao:— forcible; violent, 
afuetsas, i;. tr.: — to subdue; to compel; 

to force; to coerce; to constrain. 
afulo, 71.; also riyeno: — ^wadding; soft 
stuff of loose texture used for stuffing 
garments; lining of a garment. 
afuluye, v. tr.:— to wrap in; to line. 
afunan gupot, n.: also bisperaxx gu- 

pot: — evening before a festivity, 
afuyut, V. tr.: — to swaddle; to swathe; to 

wrap up; to infold, 
aga, n.: — raven, 
agH, n.: — ^banana, when ripe. 
agS-ga, n.; also cueyo:— neck, 
agagg,, adj.; also didog agagg,£!.a: — 

scarlet; of a bright red color. 
agaliya, n.: — a variety of fig-tree. 
S.gang, adj., adv.; also buruquento: — 

loud; noisy, 
agang, v, tr., v. i.; also cats: — to cr\'; to 
cry out; to howl {ex.^ the wind); to 
roar (ec., the bull); to peep {ex.y the 
chicks). 
a-gang, V. tr.; also agaiSgue: — to sum- 
mon; to call; to announce a marriage 
from the pulpit; to call together. 
agafi^ue, v. tr.; also conbita; combida;, 
jujo; soy6:~to invite. 



aga&gfi&ijon 



132 



aliansa 



agafi^&ijon, I', fr.: — to publish, 
agapft, adv,; also gm agapft:— on the 

right hand; to the tight hand, 
ag^ara, v. tr,, v. i.; also gachS.; tacft:— to 
grasp; to catch up with; to attain; to 
reach; to seize with the hand. 
4go, V. tr.; also tul&ica: — to change; to 
exchange; to bring cattle from one place 
to another. 
tig6dai, V, tr.; also ma-ag6dai; nft- 
lalald:— to inflame; to excite; to fire 
with passion. 
agf6dai, adj.; also n& fafiilft; son^gue:— 

inflamed; incenaed. 
«,gogUiye, v. fr.: — to assail; to attack; to 
fall upon (applies especially to an 
attack of many upon one), 
agonias, n.; also pinadese: — agony; 

pangs of death. 
agosto, n.: — August. 
agradable, adj., adv,; also na.^magoi:— 

agreeable; obliging; pleasing, 
agradese, r. tr.; also gufinamen; 

tasa: — to appreciate; to value. 
agradese, v. tr,; also n&e grasias:— to 
give thanks; to return thanks; to express 
gratitude about; to acknowledge indebt- 
edness for. 
^gradesido, adj., adv.; also fflagaom 
jinalum; penitiyiye:~-thankfui; grate- 
iful; sympathizing. _ 

Agradesimiento, n.; also gratiflca; in- 
agxadese; nina©; premio:— reward; 
recompense; thanks; gratitude; ac- 
knowledgment, 
agramadera, n.:— brake; wagon brake. 
Agua, V. tr,; also gope:— to jump; to 

skip; to leap lightly over; to omit, 
agua bendita, n.: — ^holy water. 
aguada, n.: — water supply. 
aguaguat, adj.: — obstinate. 
aguagu&te, v. %.; also apul&i; lacho- 
chiie; mumu:— to struggle; to strive 
hard; to labor earnestly. ^ 

aguagu4te, v. It.; also opone; resiste; 
ti malague:— to disagree; to contra- 
dict; to quarrel; to dispute; to struggle. 
§,guai7a, n.; — amour; love affair; also 
guin&iya; n6bio; &nobio: — lover; gal- 
lant; spendthrift, 
aguanon, n.; also jagoi:— shallow lake; 

lagoon. _^ 

aguante, v. tr.; also sufigon; sos- 
tiene:— to tolerate; to bear; to sup- 
port; to endure; to sustain. 
&gUet, V. tr.:— to throw; to cast; to 

fling. 
&guila, n.;— eagle, 
agululume, v. fr.:— to flock or crowd 

together; to run together, 
agumento, n..— debate; deliberation; 

argument. 
agup&, 71.: — to-morrow. 
Aguyon, adj., adv.; also tulaicayon:— 
variable; fluctuating; fickle; change- 
able; inconstant; mutable. 
&iai, V. i.: — to grieve; to lament; to 
bemoan. 



&ire, n.; also ma^l6:-— air; ventilation; 

wind. 
airoso, adj., adv.; also elegante; tai- 

pax© jo:— delicate; admirable; lively; 

vivacious; elegant. * 

&i8, n.; also ielo: — ice. 
aislado; adj., adv.; also mSisa^ solo; 

retirao gui pumalo; sumajngue: — 

isolated; solitary; secluded; off-lying; 

remote; lonesome. 
&ja, i;. tr.: — to expose to the sun. 
aJ6, adv.; also mufi&a:— no (opposite of 

yes) ■ 
aios, n.: — garlic, cultivated more ex- 
tensively in Guam than the seboyas, 

onions; a favorite ingredient in many 

dishes of the Chamorro. 
ajusta, V. tr.; also fam&uleg; na-gas- 

gas; na-tunas:— to settle a loan; to 

arrange; to set in order, 
fejustao, adj.; also umaya; sufisiente:— 

adequate. . 

ajustao, adu.:— exactly; fitting snugly. 
ala, n..— basket made from cocoa-palm 

leaves; not very durable; when doubled 

is called alan togtog. 
alaba, v. tr.; also alabado:— to praise; 

to laud; to commend, 
alacrlln, n.:— scorpion. 
alado, n.;— plow, 
aiado, v.:— to plow. 
aladuyon, adj.; also sifla ma aiado:— 

arable; fit for the plow. 
al&guan, n.:— rice soup. 
alaisen, v. tr.:— to fail to meet some one; 

to fail to fall in with some one, 
elaja, n.;— ornament; jewelry. 
alajas, n.; also gatbesas:— jewel; 

] ewelry ; omame nt . 
aiaia, n.; also dinesea:— greediness; 

al£^ag, n.: — vernacular name of the 
linden-leaved morning-glory; a com- 
mon plant in Guam. 

alamle, n.: — wire. . 

alamlen tftuca, n.:— barbed wire. 

aiafiga, iJ. i.:—to gape ; to open the mouth 
wide. 

&lafig&, adj., adv.; also baba; Ib.^^; 
totpe:— stupid; foolish; silly; dull; 

simple. , ^ 1. • 

ala^S&ilaiSI:, ti,;— name of a tree bearing 
a profusion of greenish-yellow fragrant 
flowers, with long, fringe-like petals, 
from which the perfume ylang-ylang is 
made. 

alansa. n„'-^ispleasuje. 

al6, V tr.; also iia-al§; deshonra; na- 
inaU; na-t&i-fama:— to insult; to 
bring disgrace upon; to injure the good 
name ; to dishonor ; to- defame . 

ales, V. tr.; also pafiot ales:— to swallow; 
to gulp down (without masticating or 
chewing). 

alesna, n.;— awl. 

aliansa, n.; also inetnon:— alliance, 
bond. 



allbia 



133 



anc]i(^ 



ullbia^ V. tr.:— to facilitate; to ease; to re- 
lieve; to make easier or lighter, 
alibi&o; also consuela; lumama^of : — 

relieved; freed from pain, suffering, or 

grief. 
^Hbio, n.; also quinesuela; descanBo: — 

solace; consolation; relief; mitigation; 

easing; alleviation; comfort. ^ 

alentoS) n.; also alientos; jinagong: — 

breath, 
aligau, v.tr.fV.i.; also ^g^gt: — to seek; 

to search for; to try to find; to be in 

quest of. 
aliling, n.: — shellfish, 
alixnasag, n.: — crustacean; crayfish; 

crawfish. 
alinxenta, v. tr.; also chugd; nft-cho- 

cho: — to feed; to nourish; to support. 
alimento, n.; also nSngcand: — nutri- 
ment; nourishment; eatables. 
alifla, V, tr.; also f^m&uleg; f&mauli- 

que: — to decorate; to put in order; to 

remedy; to prepare. 
aliiiao, adj.; aiso gasgas— tidy; trim; 

neat. 
aliiagquin, i). tr.; also puja: — to capsize; 

to turn over. 
alisto, adj., adv.:— brisk; alert; quick. 
alltos, n.: — earrings; ear pendants. 
almojada, n.; also alunaji: — pillow. 
alof, V. i.: — to call by signs; to summon 

by signs. ^ ^ 

alog, V. tr.,v. i.;aZso adingan; adingane; 

cuentos:— to speak; to talk; to say; 

to utter. 
alostittinio, adj., adv.: — eventual; ulti- 
mate. 
alula, V. tr.; also alulaye; n&^chadeg: — 

to hasten; to move quicker; to hustle; 

to exhibit energy and alacrity. 
alunan, n.; also a^ojada:— pillow; 

cushion. 
alunan-jayo, n.; also barote: — ^head- 
rest; ancient pillow, made of a short 

piece of wood. 
aluto]^, n.: — granite. 
amaca, n.; — hammock, 
amama, n.; also ame: — remnant of the 

betel nut, which is thrown away after 

chewing. 
S.naainang, n.: — lower lip. 
amariyo, adj.^ adv.:- — yellow. 
amasa^ v. tr.: — to knead the dough. 
.axnasca, v. tr,: — to chew tobacco. 
axuasca, n.: — chewing tobacco. 
amatgoso, n.:— balsam. 
axncdfla, adj., adv.: — older. 
amcd, adj.; also de edad; bijo; antti- 

guo: — old; aged; ancient. 
amenasa, v. tr.; also ffi.fLS,giie: — to 

threaten; to menace, 

americano, n.: — American. ^ 

axninasa, v. tr.; also f&fi§.glie; jofi|^ang; 

■nSL-Tti&k/&a,o; nunaa''fiao:— to scare; 

to frighten; to strike with sudden 

terror, 
axninaso, n./ also niina&''iiao: — scare; 

a sudden fright or panic. 



aminudo, i\ ir.:— retail; to sell in small 

quantities, 
amista, n.; also fe; gUin&iya; — fidelity; 

integrity; loyalty. - 
amistosamente^ adj., adv.: — friendly; 
amicable. 

amontona, v. tr.; also n^etnon; 

, f&m&uleg: — to amass; to heap up; to 
join. 

amorao, adj.; also ena^norao: — enam- 
ored; smitten; in love. 

amot^ V. tr.; also chuld^'guan; fan- 
entayag: — to rob; to plunder; to de- 
prive by force; to despoil; to depose; 
to depopulate; to devastate. 

amot, n.: — drug; medicine. 

axndt, n.; also carid&d; guin&iya: — 
love. 

S,inot na inu na n^-miigd, n.; also 
6pio: — opium. 

dmot p&lai, n.; also linimiexito: — lini- 
ment; a medicated liquid for rubbing 
into the skin. 

amot para chfetnot, n.; also engliente; 
p41ai: — ointment; an unctuous sub- 
stance applied to a wound or injured 
part. 

axnotsa, r. %.: — to take, or to have, 
breakfast. 

amotsa, n.: — breakfast. 

ampara, v. tr.; also g6gUe; sagiid; 
siguan; na-lijeng; proteje; de- 
fi.ende: — ^to guard; to shelter; to de- 
fend; to protect. 

amores secos: — vernacular name for 
the awned beardgrass; common in 
Guam and furnishing good pasture, 
but disagreeable on account of its 
adherent awns; used in the Philippines 
for making hats and mats. 

axute, V. tr.; also n§,-jonild: — to heal. 

amte, n.; also remldia: — remedy; an 
efficacious medicine. 

amtiyon, adj., adv.: — curable. 

an (prefix): — somethii^ left over (ex. 
an-sepiyo: — ^wood shavings). 

afla, V. tr.; also isagiie; nfi,-al4; nS,- 
chatsaga; ofende:— -to offend; to in- 
sult; to outrage; to affront, 

anacd, adj.: — lei^thy; long and tiresome. 
anac6 yandalalainapedaso matiteg 
pat ma utot; retasos, n.; also peda- 
sito: — shred; piece; fragment; a long 
narrow piece torn or cut off. 

^nagong, n.: — a very small hut. 

afiade^ v. tr. :-^to add; to append; to 
add to something already said. 

anacd, adj.: — long; extended in time or 
length; not short. 

&nai, conj.; also an n&i; guin; guinjl; 
yaguin; fig&ian: — ^when; whenever. 

dual jS,, conj.: — every time when . 

afLau, V. tr.; also julat; petde:^to over- 
come; to subdue; to reduce to subjec- 
tion; to conquer. 

ancho, adj., adv.; also feda; mi lugat; 
d^ngculo na lugat: — spacious; wide: 
roomy. 



■- 



andame 



134 



apaslgua 



andame, n.; also andamio: — ecaffold- 

ing; stagingr. 

andas, n.; also angganya: — ^bier; bed. 

andl, adj.; also written andd; gatbo; — 

nobby; Btylieh; gaudy; showy; vulgarly 

gay. 

andl, 71.; also written andd:— dandy; 

fop; coxcomb. 
anduyd, n.:— filler of a cigar; a bundle 

of ten small tobacco leaver. 
aiogcla, n.: — anchor; anchoring ground. 
afi^es, n.: — indigo. 
an§}et^ n.; pL, angjeles^--angel. 
a£^ld, adj.y adv.; also dogn^os: — ^barren; 

dry; arid; destitute of moisture. 
a^id, adj.; also consado; esterit; t&i 

xninSrUleg; nft odS.: — sterile; barren; 

producing little or no crop, 
ang-oco, V. tr., v. i.; also tagiian; con- 

fia: — to intrust; to confide; to look for; 

to expect; to hope. 
angocuyan, adj., adv.: — true; faithful; 

confident. 
angosto, adj., adv.; also tunas: — narrow; 

close; strict; straight. 



an^uin, conj. 



yanguin: — if; on condi- 



tion; supposing that; whether; al- 
though. 

anitbets4rio, n.; also curnpl© afios: — 
anniversary, 

atiima, v. tr.; also choneg; na-ma- 
tatiS^a; suon: — to elate; to raise the 
spirits of; to inspire; to encourage; to 
strengthen. 

amma, v. i.; also abiba: — to take courage. 

£liiizuas, n. pi.: — poor souls. , 

animao, aaj.; also ISIS: — lively; active; 
brisk; animated. 

Uniino, n.; also atrebimiento: — courage; 
mettle, 

auimoso, adj., adv.: — daring; rash; wild; 
bold; venturesome; also b4tb^o: — 
spirited; courageous; matatnga: — 
capable; brave. 

4mne£g, n.; also nujong; soznbra: — 
shade; shady place; shadow. 

aniyo, n.; y aniyon lulug ni lumililicfi 
gui puntan cadena pat maaea 
mano: — link; a single ring or division 
of a chain; ring, 

^nlasgue, n.; aUo leaton: — lath; a strip 
of wood. 

^nxnasilan, n.; also pillau; paladan: — 
scar; weal; mark. 

afio, n.; — year. 

alio nuebo, n.: — the New Year. 

anog. V. i.: — to come in sight; to shine 
forth; to make one's appearance, 

anonas, n.; — local name for the bullocks 
heart or custard apple, a tree of Ameri- 
can origin; its fru]t is long in ripening, 
and the nktiveB do not esteem it very 
highlv, but it is a favorite food for the 
faniji, the fruit-eating bat of ^uam. 
ante, n.; also jinaium: — soul; the inner 
man; heart. 



antecfimara, n,; also cuatton bisita: — 
waiting room; anteroom. 

antehojos, n.;— spectacles.^ 

antes bien, adj.; also mas bien: — sooner; 
much more; rather; to the contrary. 

antes de, adv., prep.; aJJso antes que; 
mona; san mena: — ^before; in front. 

antiguo gui setbisio: — veteran. 

antiguo, adj.; also de edad; aznc6; bijo; 
bija: — old; aged; ancient. 

antojOf n.; also xninalag6: — ^whim. 

antula, n.; also linipa: — ^fraud; deceit; 
cheating; imposition; humbug. 

gntupa, n.: — ^rubbish; debris (in build- 
ing operations). _^ 

anuia, v. tr.; also na.-dilug; nS.-denga: — 
to reverse; to turn upside down; to 
change entirely. 

aniinsia, v. tr.: — to announce; to herald; 
to publish, 

aog, n.: — wedding gift, of the bride- 
groom to the bride. 

a^pacfi,, adj . : — white . 

a^^paca chads,, n.; also claranchadS,: — 
white of an egg. ^ 

^pacafLaijon^ adj.; also blangquisco; 
inapacaan: — whitish. 

apaciifi,, n.: — grasshopper. 

apaga, n.: — shoulder. 



apagaye, 

shoulders. 



tr.: — to load upon the 



S.pagon, adj., adv.; also fotgon; magu- 
em; liniido: — ^moist; humid; damp 
(preventing an object from burning). 

apan, v. tr.,v. i.: — to recede (ex., water); 
to become dry. 

S,panag, v. i.: — clash; to strike violently 
together. 

aparaddt, n.: — wardrobe; closet for 
clothes. 

aparaddt nengcanS, n.; — pantry; pro- 
vision closet, 

aparejo, v. tr.; also prepara: — to pre- 
pare. 

aparejo, n.; also siya (para y tatal6 
gd,ga): — saddle. 

aparenfiia, n.; also mata: — looks; ap- 
pearance; eye. 

aparente, adj., adv.; also calan puma- 
rerejo; umachaigua: — seeming; ap- 
parent. 

apas, n.; also suetdo: — salary; recom- 
pense for service rendered; fee; gra- 
tuity; derechos; aduana: — customs 
duties; taxes. 

apasc) V, tr.; also empas: — to atone; 
to expiate; to make reparation; to give 
satisfaction; to pay; to reconcile. 

apas di&rio, n.: — daily wage. 

apase y dafio; also indeninifica: — to 
indemnify; to make good damage done, 
apaslgua, v. tr.; chuga; nA-majgo^: — 
to assuage; to appease; to boo the; to 
calm; to make gentle; to make peace- 
ful; to give pleasure to. 



apasotes 



135 



aresta 



apas pat f^ae pot y ma satbah y 

batco pat y catg^aila ^ui tasi: — sal- 
vage; compensation for saving a vessel 
or cargo at sea. 
apasotes, n.: — name used in Guam for 
Mexican tea, which is grown in many 
of the native gardens, 
apas pasaje, n.: — fare; sum paid for 
conveyance by railroad, etc. 

apatta, v. tr.; also nS--janau; re- 
muebe: — to remove; to take away; 
to send away. 
apattao, adj.; also sumajngue: — sepa- 
rated; isolated; divided. 

apatte, adv.:- — apart; aside. 

apatte, v. i.: — to partake; to take part; 
to share in common with others. 

apayujag, n.: — name of a large spider. 

apecheng, v. tr.: — to carry under the 
arm. 

ap^delog) V. tr. :—to roll; to roll together 
hurriedly. 

apenas, adj., adv.; also ^calag; escaso; 
j^ag: — scarce; not plentiful; seldom 
met with. 

apeyido, n.: — surname; family name. 

aplaca, v. tr,: — to make peace with 
God. 

aplacao, adj.: — ^appeased; assuaged. 

aplachd., adj.; also gai-fachd: — soiled; 
dirty. 

aplach&j adj.; also &,hal%: — impure; un- 
clean; dirty; squalid; foul. 

aplasta, v. tr.; also t^ai; gomgom: — to 
raze; to level to the ground; to blot out; 
to crush; to break, 

apleng, v. tr.; also gunus: — to sprain a 
joint; to pull out; to wean a child. 

aplica, V. tr.: — to devote; to apply one's 
self to some object. 

aplica, adj.; also confotme: — devoted; 
understanding. 

aplicao, adj., adv.; also meton: — per- 
sistent; steadfast; ])erservering; con- 
stant; industrious; diligent; assiduous; 
sedulous. 

apHcasidn, n.: — utilization; application; 
diligence. 

apltug, adj.: — disunited; at variance. 

apHng, adj.; also S.cale£g: — dislocated; 
lame; twisted. 

aplog, n.; also manja:— naine applied to 
a tender coconut, already containing 
'iquid. 

apd, V. -i.'; also a«un: — ^to lie; to rest in a 
recumbent position. . 

apo, n.; also senisa: — ashes; cinders; 
embers. 

apdit V. %.; descansa:— to recline; to rest; 
to repose. 

aposento, n,; also fansagayan: — habi- 
tation. 
aposta, n.: — bet; wager. 
aposta, V, tr.: — ^to bet; to wager, 

ap6stoles, n.; — apostles. 

aprendls, n.: — ^apprentice. 

apreta, v. tr.; also impide: — to restrain; 
to check; to repress. 



apretao, adj.: — contracted; cramped; 

tightly strung. 

aprieta, v. tr..— to press: to clasp; to 

oppress; to afflict. 
aprobecha, v. tr.; also goaa: — to enjoy; 

to have the j)leasure or oenefit of; to use 

as food or drink. 
aprobasi6n, n.;also inaprueba: — appro- 
bation; sanction; approval, 
aprop63ito, adj., adv.; also umaya: — fit; 

suitable; appropriate; adapted. 
aprueba, v. tr.: — to approve; to assent 

to; to allow. 
apulEii, V. i.; also aguaguate; facKd- 

ch^e; mumu: — to struggle; to labor 

hard; to strive earnestly. 
apuuta, V. tr.: — ^to mark down; to note 

down; to record; to aim. 
apura, v. tr.; also na-maga: — to ex- 
pedite; to hurry; to accelerate; to dis- 
patch. 
. apurao, adj., adv.: — urgent; pressing. 
aqueyd, n.; also filag: — braid of hair; 

tress; plait; queue; pigtail, 
aquijom, v. tr.: — to grip v/ith the fist; to 

make a fist. 
arac, n.: — spirits distilled from the sap 

of the coconut, as in Mexico; also called 

aguayente in Guam, 
aranas, n.; also tiraraiias: — spider; 

spider's web. 
aras, n.; also sineguro; promesa: — 

security; earnest money; pledge. 
arasa, v, tr.; also despetdisia: — ^to ruin; 

to lay waste; to desolate; to devastate; 

to destroy. 
arebatao, adj., adv.; also ti yddaje:— 

reckless; heedless of consequences; 

careless. 
arebatao, adj., adv.; also f ejman; fijom; 

impetuoso; jabubo; j4pinalala: — 

impetuous; irritable; effervescent; vio- 
lent; vehement; boisterous; passionate; 

given to anger. 
areola, v. tr.; also dijere: — to digest; to 

dissolve in the stomach by the action of 

digestive juices. 
aregla, v. tr,, v. i.; also dispone: — to 

arrange; to order; to prepare; to make 

ready; to dispose, 
aregla, v. tr.; also nli-fat^cho£^; nS.- 

tojgue; ha-tacho: — to set; to support 

(by pillars). 
aregla, v. tr.; also regula: — to regulate' 

to bring under rule; to order; to organize. 
aregla^ v. tr.; also introduse; presenta^ 

un taotao gui otro; establese: — to 

introduce; to arrange; to inaugurate; to 

establish; to start, 
areglao, adj.; also gasgas: — orderly; 

regulated; trim; neat; compact. 
£^eglo, n.; also dispoaisidzi; aregla- 

xnento: — ^rule; disposition; direction; 

condition; measure, 
arendot, n.; also propiet&rio:~land- 

lord ; one who has tenants holding under 

him; the keeper of a hotel or inn. 
aresta, v. tr.: — to arrest; to seize. 



arienda 



136 



atadog: 



arienda, v, tr,; also adquila: — to rent; to 
let by lease; to farm out. 

ailesga, v. tr.; also atrebc; riesgo: — to 
venture; to risk; to hazard; to dare. 

arima, v, tr., v. %.: — to draw iiigh; to ap- 
proach; to bring one's self nearer. 

anmao, adj.: also chijit: — affectionate; 
well disposed toward some one. 

arina, n.: — flour. 

armdnio, n.; also dtgano; atin6mo: — 
oi^an; harmonium. 

aroma, n,; — local name for the sweet 
acacia; a shrub or small tree bearing 
fragrant flowers; yields a gum which is 
sometimes used by the natives of Guam 
in the same way as gum arabic. 

asada, n.: — ^hoe; mattock; pickax; 
hatchet. 

&sadot, IK tr.; also asao; na-tosta: — to 
roast; to put upon a roasting spit; to 
lift up with a spit. 

&sadot, n.: — roasting spit. 

asafran, n,; also majogd:— safran; saf- 
fron. 

&3agua, V. tr., v. i.; also umasagua: — 
to marry; to wed; to take to wife or 
husband, 

asagua, n.: — wife; husband. 

&8aina, n.; also duefLo; tata: — lord; 
master; owner; father. 

as&ite, n.; also lafLa: — oil. 

asaitero, n.: — oil cruet. 

aaana, n.; also atte; fljiS,baba; mafia: — 
trick; cunning; craft; deceit; lie; 
swindle, 

aeegura, i'. tr.; also na-magajet; na- 
fitme; n§,-ineton; na-cheton: — to 
attach; to fasten; to guarantee; to in- 
sure; to secure; to warrant; to stand 
security for. 

aseguiid3>, n.; also sineguro:'— surety; 
guaranty against loss or damage; 
guarantee. 

aaeiten oliba, n..-— olive oil. 

asensidn, n.: — ascension of Christ, 

aaentado, adj., adv.; also desente: — 
pleasing; decorous; proper; suitable. 

asentadon qulnastiga, n.; also sajpet 
mauleg; apas pat castigo segun y 
fijiatinas: — retribution; reward or pun- 
ishment suitable to the action. 

aseradura, n.: — padlock. 

aserin, n.: — sawdust. 

asero, n.: — steel. 

asi com.o, conj.: — ^as well as; so as; as 
aL^o. 

asie, V. tr.; also asli: — to condone; to 
pardon. 

asiento, n,, also poso; tup6: — well. 

asiento, n.: — sediment; yeast. 

aaii, v. tr.; also despensa; aotta; n£l- 
para; asii: — to waive; to give up a 
claim; to forego. 

asii, V. tr.; also xna&sd: — to forgive; to 
pardon; inasfi^ n.; petdon: — ^ibrgive- 
neaa; pardon. 

asliyon, adj.., adv.: — pardonable; excus- 
able. 



asiga, n.:— salt. 

asl que, conj.; also ensegiudas que: — 

as soon as; so soon as. 

asiste, v. tr.; also socore; ayud.a:-^to 
assist; to help; to succor; to^be of 
service. 

asistente, n.; also representatibo: — 
delegate; representative, 

asga, n.: — sulphur. 

asgS.e, V. tr.: — to sulphurate; to smoke 
with brimstone; to bleach with sul- 
phur; to impregnate with sulphur. 

asgon, 71.; also tesna; potbos: — fog; 
soot; dust; haze, 

^glie, y. tr.; also fumiga: — to fumi- 
gate; to smoke. 

asne, v. tr.:— to pickle; to salt. 

asnentucon, n.: — salted fish. 

as6, adj.: — inclined; oblique. 

as6, V. i.: — to incline; to bow. 

§,so, n.:-;-smoke, mist; fog; vapor. 

4so, V. i.\' — to smoke. 

as6, v. i.; also man^ag: — to bend; ta 
bend down the body. 

SrSoda, V, tr.; also danche: — to meet; to 
find; to hit upon; to fall in with. 

asogue, n.: — quicksilver. 

asoguiye, v. tr.: — ^to cover with quick- 
silver. 

asolaa, adj., adv.; also maisa; giiigiii- 
yaja:— alone; single; by itself. 

ason, n.: — bed. 

asoja, V. i.: — to lay stretched out in bed; 
to go to bed; to lay down in bed. 

asqueroso, adj., adv.; also nfir-inasSr*.— 
nauseous; loathsome. 

astangaian; also written jaataiigS,ian: — 
until when? 

asta que, conj.; also written jasta que: — 
until. 

asucarera, n.: — sugar box; sugar con- 
tainer. 

asucat, n..*— sugar. 

asuela, n.: — hoe; curved hoe, 

dsuguag, n.; also troaon jayo: — timbers 

running under the rafters of a house, 

crosswise. 
aaunsidn, n.; — ascension of Mary the 

Virgin. 

asunsion, n.: — local name for the Cura- 
cao milkweed, a handsome plant with 
orange-scarlet flowers; of American 
origin and very common in Guam; its 
roots possess emetic properties and the 
juice of its leaves is used as a remedy for 
intestinal worms. 

asunto, n.: — concern; affair; biisiness. 

asusta, V. tr.; also jalang; Jongang: — ^to 
frighten; to startle; to terrify. 

asusta, V. L: — ^to be frightened; to be 
startled. 

asuatao, adjj — frightened; startled; ter- 
rified. 

astisut, adj., adv.; also asHadut; — 
bluish; na-aadt: — to color or dye blue. 
asHt, adj., adv.: — ^blue; cerulean; azure. 
&tadog, 71.: — eye. 



atag& 



137 



atmao 



atagS,, adj.; also dagua; tininon- 

soznnap: — sun burned; red. 
atagtag, adj., adv.; also ch&t-ilo: — 

stubborn; perverse; hard headed. 
atalag, v. tr.: — to look; to look hard at 

some one or something. • 
fi-'tamos, adj.; also i,''duco; n^sio: — 

imbecile; feeble-minded; idiotic. 
a'' tan, v. tr., v. i.: — to look; to glance; to 

perceive; to see. 
fi-tan, y. tr.; also &dag; dacut:— to strike 

a quick, sharp blow; to knock. 
^tan, V. tr.; also jaso: espia; con- 

templa: — to observe; to contemplate; 
^^ to look at; to view; to watch, 
atan fijo^ v. i.; also dochou na ina- 

tan: — to stare; to look sharply, 
atane, v. tr.: — to fasten with ^ails; to 

hammer, 
atane gui quiltius, v. tr.: — to nail to a 

cross. 
a'tan-ja! interj.; also 4nag^; di; dit; 

di3.ja: — look! see there! 
atan-s§guet, v. tr.: — to look surrepti- 
tiously. 
atan un banda, adj.; also qui tan: — 

squinting. 
ataque, n.; also achaque: — attack; 

shock; fit 



ataque, 



also injtiria; fatta: — 



offense; injury; assault. 

atarantao, adj., adv.: — stupid; unsteady; 
disunited. 

atasca, n.; also fanatascayan; fache; 
fanfachian: — puddle; mud puddle; 
body of stagnant water. 

atatid, n.: — coffin. 

atayO, n.; also lomo: — loins, hips; 
haunches. 

dtbanit, n.: — mason. 

atbettura, ti.;— aperture; opening; hole; 
cavity. 

atbidon, n.: — starch for ironing, 

atborotao, n.; also man boroquento 
(or buruquento) : — rabble; noisy crowd 
or mob. 

atborota, v. ir.; also molSstia; nS--fan- 
yauyau:— to bother; to molest; to vex; 
to annoy; to instigate; to incite; to 
stir up. 

atborotadot, adj., adv.; also jljoroba; 
tai-majgong:— troublesome; annoy- 
ing. 

atboroto, n.;also chinatsaga: — trouble; 
distress; worry. 

atboroto, n.; plMto: — ^fuss; unneces- 
sary or irritating activity, especially 
in small matters. 

atca, n.; — Ark of the Covenant; Noah's 
ark. 

atcagiiete, n.: — matchmaker. 

atcangjeles, n.: — archangels. 

atcan Noa, n.: — Noah's ark. 

atcaparas, n.: — name of a shrub grow- 
ing near the sea, with large, white, 
fragrant flowers; the natives make very 
good pickles of the unripe seed cap- 
sules. 



at contr&rio( also pot el contr&rio 

{S-p.): — contrary (to the ). 

ate OS } n.; — bow. 

atcos, n.: — arch of a* building; arch of 

the bow. 
atcos guinana, n.: — ^arch of victory. 
atchibOf n.: — ^archive. 
d.tdau, n,: — sun. 
ate, V. tr.: — to pour into a cup; to pour 

slowly, 
ategtog, n.; also lasarinoi^leproay; 

leper. 
atensidn, n.; also inatiende; inati- 

tuye; — attention. 
atfabeto, n.;— alphabet. 
d.tfilet, n.: — pin. 

atfonibra,n.;— rug; floor covering; carpet, 
atgayas, n.; — gills. 
atgayas, n.: — also guasazi^; tomates 

agagg.: — tonsils. 
^tgodon de nxanila: — local name for 

the kapok tree; the silky floss is used 

for stuffing cushions and pillows, 
atgoya, n.: — the ring in the nose of the 

carabaos. 
&tguasit, n.; also t^tag6:^foreman. 
^tguedon, n.: — cotton; cotton wadding. 

atgtin, adj.: — any; any soever. 

atguna cosa (Sp.); also mas sea jafa;— 

something; whatsoever. 
atgun manera; also atgfin mode: — 

somehow; by some means; in one way 

or another, 
atiende, v. tr.; also acompana: — to 

attend; to accompany, 
atilig^ii. tr.: — to pull the ear. 
atilong, adj., adc'.: — black, 
atis, n..- — local name for the sugar apple; 

the favorite of the natives of Guam; and 

is found planted by nearly every house; 

the fruit becomes very soft when ripe, 

often bursting open on the tree, v^'hen it 

is greedily eaten by the ants, 
atisa, V. ir.: — to push along; to drive; to 

impel; to make the lamp burn brighter. 
atito, adj.: — fault-finding; hair-splitting j 

carping. 

atituye, ?j, tr,; also faisen; adbiette: — 
advertise. 

atituyi^un, adj., adv.: — remarkable; ex- 
traordinary; uncommon. 

atlebes, adj. p. p.: — turned around; 
turned upside-down; overturned. 

4tmadot, n.; also goden agagS.; pa- 
nueldn: — scarf; a light handkerchief or 
tie for the neck; shawl; wrap; shoulder 
wrap. 

atm.adura, n.; also trastes guera: — 

mUitary equipment; armament, 
atmajayan, n.: — local name for the rhea 

shrub, bearing minute green flowers; 

its bark is" used as a remedy in certain 

diseases. 

atmSngao, n.: — name of a small craw- 
fish. 

atmao, adj.: — prepared; ready for a 
journey. 



atmariao 



138 



ayuyu 



atmariao, adj.^ adv,:— giddy; frivolous; 

fickle, 
atmariao, n.: — luiatic; one who is 

insane, 
atmariao, adj.; also caduco:— demented; 

insane. . 

atmarlo, n.: — cupboard. 

atmas, n.; also canae:— arma. 

atznasSn, n.; also esqueleto: — skeleton. 

atmayas, n.;— gruel; oatmeal. 

atxnoneda, n.: — auction. 

atnibat, n.; also mi^t: — phoney; sirup. 

atni6nico, n.; also acotdidn: — accor- 
dion. 

atmonio, n.; — harmonium; organ. 

atnibat, n.; also mames na chugO.: — 
sirup. 

at6, V. It.: — to take. 

atof, n.; — roof. 

atof-jigae, n.: — roof made of cocoa palm 
leaves. 

atof>sin, n.: — iron roof. 

atof-teja, n.;— tile roof. 

atog, vA.; also reftigia: — to hide; to take 
refuge, 

atog, n.: — refuge; protection from danger 
or distress 

atotgante, adj.^ adv.; also t&i-maS,nau; 
tS,i-a.fiau; descarao; s&guat; ' ma- 
tatnga:— bold; courageous; audacious; 
forward. 

atotgaye, v. L; also jasuye; atotgaye 
cometsio: — to speculate. 

atottan Yliua, n.; also naturalesa: — 
nature; the universe; the natural order 
of things. 

atottaye, v. It,; also choxu&: — to forbid; 
to prohibit, 

atpa, n.: — ^harp. 

atpajon, v. tr.; also aconseja; adibina:— 
to guess; to .divine; to find by con- 
jeciure; to prophesy; to tell one's 
fortune. 

at pot mayot, adj.: — wholesale. 

atqmtran, n.: — ^tar. 

atrasao, adj., adv.; also xnadingo; 
tatde: — tardy; late; dilatory; reluctant. 

atrebido, adj., adv.; also t&i respeto; 
descarao: — impudent; offensively for- 
ward; intentionally disrespectful. 

atrebimiento, 7i.; also animo:— cour- 
age; mettle. 

atrit, n.; also ptitpito: — pulpit. 

atropeya, v. i.; also entalue; umfin- 
tal6; mete: — ^to interfere; to oppose; 
to meddle. 

atsobispo, n.; — archbishop. 

attat, n.: — altar. 

attat y pHopao sija, n.; — altar of incense. 

atte, n.; also dina^e; ftn&baba:— fake; 
•;heat; dodge; swindler; trickster, 

atticulon jinenggue, n.: — article of 
faith. 

attilleria, n.; also cafiones: — ordnance; 

. artillery. 

attura, n.; aZaolinecd.: — altitude; height. 



atule, n.; also atmayas:— broth; mush; 

corn boiled in the milk of the coconut. 
S.tiiii^6, n.: — acquaintance. 
atupat, n.: — also tupat; tupag: — sling. 
aumenta, v, tr.; also ma su"|^i; lum.&- 

raegai; muttiplica; dobbla: — to in- 
crease; to enlai^e; to enhance; to 

augment; to multiply, 
aumenta, v. tr.; also catgaye; nS-- 

Idmacat; case; nS.-bubo: — ^to aggra- 
vate; to intensify. 
aumento, n.; also suma: — ^addition, 
autonidbit, n.; also calesan sin gS^S^; 

mobit; — automobile, 
autoridad, n,; also fuetsa; sfsifla; 

minetgot: — might; power; force; au- 
thority. 
autorisa, v. tr.: — to authorize; to furnish 

with an errand, 
aya, adj.; also achaigua; parejo: — 

similar; resembling; equal. 
ayao, v. tr.; also n^-ayao: — to borrow; 

to obtain on loan. 
ayao, v. tr.; also presta: — to lend; to 

grant to another for temporary use. 
aye, v. tr., v. i.; a?so nSi-aso: — to cause 

to lean; to lean; to incline. 
ayeg, v. tr.: — to classify; to systematize; 

to choose; to select; to make choice of; 

to pick out. 
ayeg, v, tr.; also fanaan; sangan; 

elije; nombra: — to elect; to name; to 

appoint. 
ayo, adj.y p?'on.;— that; that one; those 

which; the one spoken to. 
ayo, 7)rep.; also san jil6; jilona; jijot: — 

on; upon; at; near, 
ayo guato, adv.; also guije: — there 

(away from the person addressed) 

thither; that way (guenau guato). ^ 
ayo nai: — there; then; therefore; for that 

reason. 
ayo na patte gui cS-nai desde y temo 

asta y moneca: — forearm; literally: 

the arm between the wrist and the 

elbow. 
ayo na ti4mpo: — era; period of time. 
ayo y sifia anog: — ostensible; apparent; 

plausible. 
ayuda, v. tr.; also confltma; n^ gS.e 

minetgot: — to strengthen; to confirm, 
ayuda, v. tr.; also mantiene; n§,-ap6: — 

to support; to hold or offer the hand; to 

hold back. 
ayuda, v. tr.; also faborese:^ — to aid; to 

protect; to patronize; to favor. 
ayuda, v. £r..*— to come to the aid of; to 

contribute; to furnish as a share; to be 

of service; to assist. 
ayunat, n.; also cuaresraa: — lent; time 

of fasting; fast. 
ayunat, v. i.: — to fast; to go without food. 
ayiino, n.;— day of fasting, 
ayu y cum&catga y Isao y pumalo: — 

scapegoat; literally: one who bears the 

blame for another, 
ayuyu, n.: — cocoa crab. 



1>aaii 



139 



bafio 



B. 



l)&an, ad;.;— delayed; come too late; risen 

out of bed too late, 
"baba, v. tr.: — to open; to spread out; to 

expand. 
bS.ba, adj., adv.; also abietto:— open; 

ajar; unfastened. 

baba, adj., adv.; also alangS.; lang^; 

totpe: — stupid; fooUeh; silly; dull; 

simple, 
'baba, adj., adv.; also tailaye; picaro: — 

naughty; bad; perverse; miachievous. 
baba, v. tr.: — to develop; to unfold; to put 

in use. 
bababa, adj.; also tonto: — silly; stupid; 

thickheaded. _ 

bababa, n.; aUo caduco; taitiniugS: — 

simpleton; ninny, 
bfi-bale, n.: — moth (flying around a light). 
babale, n.: — eyelash. 
babui, n.; also cochino: — swine; pig; pig- 
skin; hog. 
babuin jalum-tano, n.: — pig; wild boar. 
baca, n..' — cow. 
bacalao, n.;— codfish, yellow wren; 

Spanish fly. . 
bacante, n.: — vacancy; state of being 

vacant or empty. 
bacasion, n.: — vacation. 
bachet, adj., adv.: — blind, 
bachigo, adj., adv.: — mogul-eycd ; having 

the eyes with too close eyelids. 
b§.culo, n,: — crutch, 
bi-culo, 71.; also b&ston: — staff; stick. 
bado, n.: — hump; humpback. 
bado, adj., adv.: — ^humpbacked. 
bagai, n.; also tapis: — apron. 
bagamundo, ?i.; also bago; ga-luma,- 

yau; gag6: — lazy body; loafer; idler, 
bagamundo, v. %,; also gS.-jumanao; 

bumagamundo:— to roam; to ramble; 

to wander about aimlessly. 
bagaso, n.: — coconut, after the milk has 

been extracted. 
bago, n.; also laoixg: — tramp. 
bdila, V. tr., v. %,: — to dance, 
bfiile, n..'— dance, 

baina, n.: — sheath; scabbard; cover. 
bajsi., V. tr.; also dilog; tecon: — to in- 
cline; to bend down; to take down; 

to tilt. 
bajia, n.; also bocana; tasi; iiii§,gu5.g- 

sal6:— bay. 
bajo, n.: — bass (voice). 
bala, n.: — rifle ball. 
balaco, n.: — boar. 

balaja, v. tr.: — to mix; to mix the cards. 
balaja, n,: — splaying cards. 
balanda, n.; also galeria; cajida: 

veranda; covered addition. 
balandra, n.: — sloop; one-masted vessel. 
balandiyas,n.; — raiUng; balustrade made 

of pillars; edge of a billiard table. 
balansa, n.; also pesadoti — scale. 
balanse^ v. i.; also balanaea: — swing; 

rock; seesaw. 



balas, n.; abo baston:— riding whip; 

rod; switch. 

balas guma, n.; — lath or lattice work 
in the roof of the native houses, to 
which are fastened the braided cocoa- 
palm leaves. 

bcdasd, n,: — marrow of the breadfruit. 

bible, V. tr.; also guasguas: — to scrub; 
to clean; to scour. 

b&le, V. i.: — ^to cost; to be worth; to be 
important; to be valid {ex., what does 
it cost? — cuanto balinaP). 

bale (gui setbisio), v. tr.; also 
nierese;-r-to deserve; to earn by serv- 
ice; to be justly entitled to; to merit. 



balente, adj., adv.; also famoso; ma- 
,: — ^b 

strong. 



tatnl^a: — h rave; mighty; powerful; 



balido, n.: — valid; having legal force. 

balisa, n.; also maleta: — suit case; va- 
lise; buoy, , 

baliyon, n.: — place that can be swept. 

baliyon, adj.; also bale: — worth the 
price. 

balutan, v, tr.; also afuyut; falulon: — 
to infold; to wrap up; to swathe; to 
swaddle. 

balutan, n.; also paquete: — parcel; a 
small bundle. 

balenten pachot, n.; also fantasios'o; 
banidoso: — braggart; boaster; swag- 
gerer. 

baiiadero, «..-— rpond; a pool of standing 
water. 

banco, n.: — bank. 

bancon adeng, n.; also fanapuan; 

apo: — footstool. 
banda, n,; also canto; oriya: — rim: 

border; margin. 
banda, n.; also lao; oriya: — side, 
banda, n.; also c apiya:—band ; orchestra 

of musicians. 
b^ndara, n.; also ramienta para numS,- 

gasgas males: — tool used in cleaning 

corn. 
bandeja, n.; also plato; eplato: — salver; 

plate. 
bandera, n.; also estandatte: — flag; 

banner. 
bando, n.: — edict; public proclamation, 
bandolero, n.; also tulisan: — bandit; 

outlaw ; one who is deprived of legal 

benefits and protection. 
bandonnaijon, v. tr.: — to announce; to 

publish; to proclaim, 
banldg., n.: — flaunt; a boast; brag. 
banidS-d, n.: — vanity, 
banidoso, adj., adv.; also maxn^-mamS,- 

gas: — haughty; proud and disdainful. 
banjala {or pafigjela), n.: — rope under 

the neck of the carabao in harness. 
bano, adv.; also enbano:^ — fruitlessly; in 

vain; to no purpose; without result. 
bafio, n.: — bath; bathroom; bathtub. 



45G2— 18- 



-10 



1>aaii 



139 



bafio 



B. 



l)&an, ad;.;— delayed; come too late; risen 

out of bed too late, 
"baba, v. tr.: — to open; to spread out; to 

expand. 
bS.ba, adj., adv.; also abietto:— open; 

ajar; unfastened. 

baba, adj., adv.; also alangS.; lang^; 

totpe: — stupid; fooUeh; silly; dull; 

simple, 
'baba, adj., adv.; also tailaye; picaro: — 

naughty; bad; perverse; miachievous. 
baba, v. tr.: — to develop; to unfold; to put 

in use. 
bababa, adj.; also tonto: — silly; stupid; 

thickheaded. _ 

bababa, n.; aUo caduco; taitiniugS: — 

simpleton; ninny, 
bfi-bale, n.: — moth (flying around a light). 
babale, n.: — eyelash. 
babui, n.; also cochino: — swine; pig; pig- 
skin; hog. 
babuin jalum-tano, n.: — pig; wild boar. 
baca, n..' — cow. 
bacalao, n.;— codfish, yellow wren; 

Spanish fly. . 
bacante, n.: — vacancy; state of being 

vacant or empty. 
bacasion, n.: — vacation. 
bachet, adj., adv.: — blind, 
bachigo, adj., adv.: — mogul-eycd ; having 

the eyes with too close eyelids. 
b§.culo, n,: — crutch, 
bi-culo, 71.; also b&ston: — staff; stick. 
bado, n.: — hump; humpback. 
bado, adj., adv.: — ^humpbacked. 
bagai, n.; also tapis: — apron. 
bagamundo, ?i.; also bago; ga-luma,- 

yau; gag6: — lazy body; loafer; idler, 
bagamundo, v. %,; also gS.-jumanao; 

bumagamundo:— to roam; to ramble; 

to wander about aimlessly. 
bagaso, n.: — coconut, after the milk has 

been extracted. 
bago, n.; also laoixg: — tramp. 
bdila, V. tr., v. %,: — to dance, 
bfiile, n..'— dance, 

baina, n.: — sheath; scabbard; cover. 
bajsi., V. tr.; also dilog; tecon: — to in- 
cline; to bend down; to take down; 

to tilt. 
bajia, n.; also bocana; tasi; iiii§,gu5.g- 

sal6:— bay. 
bajo, n.: — bass (voice). 
bala, n.: — rifle ball. 
balaco, n.: — boar. 

balaja, v. tr.: — to mix; to mix the cards. 
balaja, n,: — splaying cards. 
balanda, n.; also galeria; cajida: 

veranda; covered addition. 
balandra, n.: — sloop; one-masted vessel. 
balandiyas,n.; — raiUng; balustrade made 

of pillars; edge of a billiard table. 
balansa, n.; also pesadoti — scale. 
balanse^ v. i.; also balanaea: — swing; 

rock; seesaw. 



balas, n.; abo baston:— riding whip; 

rod; switch. 

balas guma, n.; — lath or lattice work 
in the roof of the native houses, to 
which are fastened the braided cocoa- 
palm leaves. 

bcdasd, n,: — marrow of the breadfruit. 

bible, V. tr.; also guasguas: — to scrub; 
to clean; to scour. 

b&le, V. i.: — ^to cost; to be worth; to be 
important; to be valid {ex., what does 
it cost? — cuanto balinaP). 

bale (gui setbisio), v. tr.; also 
nierese;-r-to deserve; to earn by serv- 
ice; to be justly entitled to; to merit. 



balente, adj., adv.; also famoso; ma- 
,: — ^b 

strong. 



tatnl^a: — h rave; mighty; powerful; 



balido, n.: — valid; having legal force. 

balisa, n.; also maleta: — suit case; va- 
lise; buoy, , 

baliyon, n.: — place that can be swept. 

baliyon, adj.; also bale: — worth the 
price. 

balutan, v, tr.; also afuyut; falulon: — 
to infold; to wrap up; to swathe; to 
swaddle. 

balutan, n.; also paquete: — parcel; a 
small bundle. 

balenten pachot, n.; also fantasios'o; 
banidoso: — braggart; boaster; swag- 
gerer. 

baiiadero, «..-— rpond; a pool of standing 
water. 

banco, n.: — bank. 

bancon adeng, n.; also fanapuan; 

apo: — footstool. 
banda, n,; also canto; oriya: — rim: 

border; margin. 
banda, n.; also lao; oriya: — side, 
banda, n.; also c apiya:—band ; orchestra 

of musicians. 
b^ndara, n.; also ramienta para numS,- 

gasgas males: — tool used in cleaning 

corn. 
bandeja, n.; also plato; eplato: — salver; 

plate. 
bandera, n.; also estandatte: — flag; 

banner. 
bando, n.: — edict; public proclamation, 
bandolero, n.; also tulisan: — bandit; 

outlaw ; one who is deprived of legal 

benefits and protection. 
bandonnaijon, v. tr.: — to announce; to 

publish; to proclaim, 
banldg., n.: — flaunt; a boast; brag. 
banidS-d, n.: — vanity, 
banidoso, adj., adv.; also maxn^-mamS,- 

gas: — haughty; proud and disdainful. 
banjala {or pafigjela), n.: — rope under 

the neck of the carabao in harness. 
bano, adv.; also enbano:^ — fruitlessly; in 

vain; to no purpose; without result. 
bafio, n.: — bath; bathroom; bathtub. 



45G2— 18- 



-10 



bap6t 



140 



b3.uban 



bapdt, n.: — steam; steamer mist; fume; 

exhalation, 
banquero, n.:— ^banker; money changer; 

exchanger, 
bapdt guera^ n.: — ship of war. 
bap6t Bito, n.; — launch ; pleasure boat, 
baqueta, n.; also baquetan paque: — 

ramrod ; gunstick. 
bara, n.: — half brasa; half of a fathom; 
measure from middle of the cheet to the 
finger tips. 
barangai, n.: — district of a village. 
baraqiiilan, n.: — lattice work in the roof 

of native houses. 
barato, adj., adv.; also t&lgasto; ti 
migasto; ti-gu&guan; rasonable:— 
inexpensive; cheap; reasonable; fair; 
lovr-priced; purchasable at a low price, 
barena, n.: — small drill; borer, 
barena^ v. tr.: — to drill; to bore, 
bareta, n.: — bar; long piece of wood or 

metal;, also barote: — crowbar. 
bariable, adj.; also ti fljo jinasoniLa:— 
inconstant; unstable; changeable; vari- 
able. 
baricada, v. tr. :~^to protect by a bank; to 

embank . 
barigatjLa, n.: — flank; the fleshy part of an 

animal b'itween the ribs and the hip. 
bariles^ n.: — cask; barrel. 
barHito, n.: — keg. 
b&rio, n.; also barrio: — county; district; 

suburb; borough, 
barometro, n.: — barometer, 
barote, n.; also alunan-jayo: — ancient 
headrest or pillow made of a short piece 
of wood. 
basa, n.; also fondo; yap4pap&: — ^base; 

foundation, 
basio, n.; also dinafi&i:— siding; turnout 

on the road, 
basic, adj., adv.; also giieco; taisinaj- 
guan: — empty; vacant within; hollow; 
void, 
baeixag, v. i.;— to fall; to descend; to 

dechne. 
baso, n.: — tumbler; glass; vessel; re- 
ceptacle . 
basta, V. tr.; also paxa; resigna:— to 
resign; to surrender formally; to with- 
draw from. ^ ^ 
basta, adv.; aUo yesta najong: — 

enough; sufficiently, 
basta bumuruca! also raampoa na 

biiruca! — enough of that noise! 
bliston, n.; also b4culo: — cane; staff; 

stick . 
bastoB, n.; aho bronco; fri6n;--Hnob ; 

a vul^jar person who apra gentility, 
bastes, «<(?"., fjdv.; afeo desatento; mal- 
amana; presomido; chaleg; mach- 
aleg: — coarse; rough; inattentive; ir- 
reverent; disrespectful; rude; uncivil; 
churlish; morose; ill-natured; stubborn. 
basula, n.: — garbage; offal; refuse; trash; 
worthless or useless matter; rubbish; 
sweepings; what ia thrown out; junk; 
old metal, rope, etc. 



basurero, n.: — scavenger; any animal 
that devours refuse (masea jaf a na 
g&ga ni ja cacano yan yute). 

bataU6zi, n.; also written batayfin: — 
battalion (a body of infantry). 

batangga, n.; also caflgga: — name of 
a sledlike conveyance used to trans- 
port logs from the forest. 

batatas, n.: — potatoes. 

bataya, n.: — battle. 

batay6n, n.; also re jimiento:— battal- 
ion; regiment, 

batbas, v. tr.:— to shave (ma batbas:— 
to be shaved; Ju babatbas y6: — I am 
shaving myself). 

batbas; also chiuS^ui: — gray bearded. 

batbas giiijan: — ^fins of a fish. 

batbas tinegchU: — point of an ear of 
corn. 

batbas ujafil;': — ^feelers of a crawfish. 

bS-tbaro, adj., adv.; also animoso: — 
daring; rash; wild; bold; venturesome. 

bitbaro, n.; also y brute; bastes; 
tS,ilaye yan mala mafia na t&otao: — 
barbarian. 

batbero, n.: — barber. 

batca, 71.; batco; also sajyan: — ship; 
vessel. _ 

batco, n.; also raodong:— bark; bark; 
three-masted sailing vessel, 

batcon, n.: — balcony; porch. 

batcon S-ire, n.: — airship; steerable 
balloon. 

bS-tcon firire, n.: — aeroplane. 

batcon caiion, n.; also cafLonero: — 
gunboat. 

batcon guera, n.: — warship; man-of- 
war. 

batdao, adj., adv.: — gouty; having the 
gout. 

batde« n.: — bucket. 

batdei adv.; also debatdet—gratis; in 

vain; gratuitously; for nothing. 
bate, V. tr.; also mama manesca: — to 

]>rew; to make liquors. 
bate, V. tr.:~to knead; to crumple up; 

also yaca; yalacS,; ch.aldjgua,:-~to 

move; to stir up; to set in motion, 
bate a, n.: — wash tray; made of wood, of 

small size and almost flat, 
bateria, n.; — battery. 
b&tidot, n.: — container for serving choco- 
late, 
batnls, n.; — varnish. 
batnis, v. tr.: — to varnish. 
batsa, 71.; — float; raft. 
bS.tsala^ V. i.; also ctinanaf; remot- 

que: — to creep; to move slowly along 

the ground; to crawl; to tug; to pull 

with great effort. 
b&tsamo, n.; also quinensuela; mina- 

gong; dinichoso:— embalming fluid; 

balm, 
batunes, tf. tr.; also fiudo: — to button; 

to knot. 
b&ubau:— hollow; empty (fruit without 

sap). 



ba-^1 



141 



bida 



ba-ul, n.; also tron^^co: — trunk; stem. 

bautismo, n.; also tinag^aiSj^e: — bap- 
tism; christening. 

b&yag, n.; also badyag: — trumpet fish 
{the Spanish trompctero). 

baye, n.; also Canada: — valley. 

bayena, n.; also saltingai: — whale. 

bayenero, n.: — whaler. 

bayogon tomo, n,: — knee joint. 

bayogon adeng, n.: — knuckle; joint; 

ankle. 

beato, adj., adv.; also santos: — saint; 
holy; sainted; blessed. 

bde; bendas, n,: — ^brace; bandage. 

b§e, V, tr,: — to bandage; to tie up, 

bejiga, n.;also nfi-yan-in§in§: — bladder. 

bejuco, n.;— name of a species of climb- 
ing palms; also bejuco Jalum-tano; an 
attempt was made to make use of it as 
chair rattan, without success. 

bela, n.;— sails; belan China: — Chinese 
sails; belan crus: — cross sails; belan 
Latin: — Latin sail. 

bela, V. i.: — to wake; to watch. 

bSlembau-pachot, n.; also bibig: — 
mouth harmonica. 

biienxbau-tuyan, n.; — musical instru- 
ment resembling the guitar. 

b^lembau, v. tr., v. %.; also chucan; — to 
swing; to rock; to undulate. 

bel6rio, n.:— wake; deathwatch (at the 
deathbed of a child). 

benefisio, n.: — deed of charity. 

bendas, n.: — eye bandage. 

bendas, v. tr.: — to put on a bandage. 

bende, v. tr.: — to sell; to dispose of for 
pay; to vend. 

bende gui chalan; v. %.: — to peddle; to 
travel about selling wares. 

bendise, ^». tr.; also tuna: — to bless; to 
praise; to commend; to extol. 

bendisiSn, n.; also tinina: — ^blessing. 

bendito, adj.: — praised; blessed. 

bendiyon, adj., adv.: — salable; vendible; 
venal. 

benggansa, n.; also bengga; emo^; 
inemog:— vengeance; revenge; retri- 
bution. 

bengbeng, n.: — quail. 

bengbeiig, v. tr.^ v. %.: — to whistle as a 
mark of disapproval; to hiss; to buzz; 
to crack the whip. 

benae, v, tr.: — to convince; to win over 
by persuasion or evidence; to persuade, 

benta, n.: — sale. 

bentaja, n.; — gain; profit; advantage. 

bentana, n.; also fangudjan; fan6- 
laan: — window. 

bente, adj.: — twenty. ^ 

bentero, n.; also manguent&ttaye: — 
agent. 

benteron-magago, n.;~clothier; one 
who makes or sells clothing. 

bentosa, v. tr.: — to apply a warm poul- 
tice. 

bentoso, adj.; also pumogpog; umes- 
pongja: — inflating; swelling. 



beol6n, 71.; — bass viol; double bass, 
betbat, adj.y adv.: — oral; verbal, 
berano, n.; also tiempon m&ipe; 

fanomnagan: — summer; a season of 

the year, 
beregueta, n.: — slit in a garment, 
berengjenas, n. .'^eggplant. 
bea: — times (ex., trea besea: — three 

times; pot segunda bes: — for the 

second time; en bes de:— instead of). 
besbes, v, i.; also desdes: — to hisa 

(frying fat). 
besera, n.; also escudo; pa^^ang; p&pa- 

tang: — ^ield. 
besinOf n,: — neighbor. 
besino, adj.: — neighboring; situated near 

by. 

beste, V. tr., refl.; also minagago: — to 
dress; to get dressed; to dress one's 
self. 

bes tide, n.; also magago: — gown; a 
woman's outer garment; dress; cloth; 
material; clothing; piece of clothing; 
article of dress. 

betbena, n.: — name of a weed; the leaves 
are sometimes used as a local applica- 
tion to boils, sorfes, and the stmgs of 
insects and reptiles. 

betde, v. i.;— to be verdant; to grow 
green; to thrive. 

betde, adj.: — green (of color). 

betdugo, n.: — ^hangman; executioner. 

betgantln, 7i.;^brig; two-masted square- 
rigged vessel, 

betguelas, n.;— smallpox; pox. 

betmejo, adj.: — ^blond; red haired. 

betmiyon, n.: — ant fly. 

bietnesanto, n,; also bietn6s santo: — 
Good Friday. 

betso, n.; — verse. 

biaje, n.: — ^voyage. 

biaje, v. i.: — to travel; to journey. 

biaje: — times (ex., dos biaje:— twice; 
mSgai na biaje: — often). 

biajero, adj., adv.; also gusl-jocog; tl 
maog: — transitory; fleeting. 

biajero, n.; also pasajero:— traveler; 
passenger. 

bibal interj.:- — hurrah! 

biba, V. tr.: — ^to burst forth with excla- 
mations of approval. 

bib eg, n.: — whistle; signal whistle; 
mouth harmonica. 

bfbende, n.: — shopkeeper; grocer; trader. 

bibet, n.; also biberes: — ^food; victuals. 

blbKa, n.; also historia sagrada {Sp.):— 
Bible. 

bfbotda, n.: — woman who embroiders; 
binetda; mabotda, n.: — embroidery; a 
piece of embroidery; botda, v. ir.: — ^to 
embroider; to stitch. 

blctima, n,; also iridao: — victim; dupe. 

bictoiioso, n.; also y a§,£Lau: — victor. 

bictorioso, adj.: — ^glorious; victorious. 

bida, n.; also linS,l&: — life; animate 
existence. 



bienbenida 



142 



bog:bog ixdog 



bienbenida, adj.; also buenas; f elis 
biaje: — welcome; received with glad- 
ness or with hospitality. 

bienabenturado, adj.,' adv.:^-holy; sa- 
cred; blessed, 

bietnes^, n.: — Friday. 

bieiya, n.; also bijiya: — vigil. 

bijo, acfj./bija, adj. .-—old; aged; ancient. 

bijo, adj., adv.; also majangu^; r^n- 
sio: — rancid; fetid. 

bijo na t&otao: — an old man. 

bilioso, adj.: — bilious; choleric. 

billa; biya, n.; also soiag-song: — bor- 
ough; a corporate town. 

bina, ii.; also tinanum ubas: — vineyard; 
hill planted with vines. 

binaba, n.; also atbettura; madog; 
nguld: — hole; aperture; opening; 
cavity. 

binaba, n,/ also frionera; ain&ulag: — 
stupidity; foolishness; stillneas; want of 
understanding; folly; sound thrashing. 

binado, n.; — deer, 

binagle, n.: — ^vinegar, 

bina j eras, n.: — small utensil used in 
celebration of mass. 

binalente, n.; also inabiba; mina- 
tatnga: — encouragement. 

binanidoso, a.: — assumption. 

binbin, n.; also bengbeiig': — hum; the 
noise of bees and other insects in 
flight. 

bin^an, adj.: — foaming; driveling. 

binen^ga, v. tr.; also desquita: — to 
reTabate; to return by giving like for 
like. 

binengbeng, n..-— whiz of a bullet. 

bineno, adj.; also juna; tatatse: — 
poiaonous. 

binenoi n.; also juna: — poison. 

binenuye, v. tr.; also tatse:— to poison. 

binetdan maguadog, v. tr.: — to engrave; 
to cut or grave in sunken patterns; to 
carve. 

binibo, n.; also minajalang'; pesadunx< 
bre: — apf)rehension; anger; vexation. 

binibo, n.; also binibubo: — wrath ; choler; 
aiifter; ire; indignant passion; bubo, 
V. i.: — to be angry; to bocome angry. 

binalalo; escandalo, n.: — anger; bit- 
tern es5=. 

binijo, n.; also inantiguo; taotao 
mona; in-abmani:— antiquity; great 
ago. 

binila, adj., adi\; also bula; entera- 
mente; entero: — full; complete, 

binila, v. tr., t\. i.; also baobao; n&- 
esponja: — to inflate; to kwcH; to cause 
swf.'llini^. 

binilacho, n.; also minaagsom: — fer- 
menlalion. 

bino, ri.:~r-vri'^<i. 

biplano, n.: — biplane; aeroplane having 
two planes, contrasted v/ith mono- 
piano, the aeroplane having one plane 
only. 

biporas, 71.; also sisuma: — adder; viper; 
a«p. 



bira, v. tr.: — to turn; to turn about; to 

turn around, 
bira, adj.: — wry; distorted; twisted, 
birada, n..-— turn; revolution; change 

of direction. * 

bira y liojas: — to turn over a new leaf. 
birayon, p. adj.: — easily turned. 
birfn, n.: — ^glass ball; glass. 
bisagra^ n.; also coyuntura: — ^hinge; 

joint. 

biscocho, n.; also gayetas: — ^biscuit. 

bisicleta, n.: — ^bicycle. 

bisita, y. tr.; also 6gkg4; fatdigtie: — 
to visit; to inspect; to overlook; to con- 
trol; to search; to view. 

biaino, n.: — vicinity; neighborhood. 

blsio, n.: — ^habit; custom; also coatmn- 
bre; penn^^ ti-abmam na moda: — 
fad; a pet idea; a passing fashion. 

bfsio, n.: — vice; faulty defect; blemish. 

bisioso, adj., adv.: — vicious; criminal. 

bisita, n.: — call; a visit. 

bis-nieto, n.: — great-grandchild. 

bSspera, n.: — ^vespers. 

bfsperan gupot; also afunan giipot:— 
evening before a festivity, 

bitgen, n.; also tatnai-mayuma;— 
virgin; maiden. 

bitttid, n.: — -v-irtue; strength. 

bittuoso, adj., adv,; also t&ibisio: — 
virtuous. 

biuda, n.; biudo: — widow; widower. 

biy&t, n.; — billiards. 

biyete, n..*— ticket. 

blaguero, n.: — ^truss. 

bianco, adj.; also gUeco; gasgas: — 
blank; free from writing; empty. 



bianco, n.; also famaquiyan: — trifle 

tr,; also n^-^'^pacd*: — to 

inapac&an: — 



also 



range; target, 
blan^quea, v 

whitewash. 
blangquisco, adj.; 

whitish. 

blasf^mia, 7i.; also disparateria: — 
blasphemy. 

blusa, n.; also calo na magago: — ^blouse. 

b6an, n.; also espuma:— scum; foam; 
froth; bu6, n.: — ^foam; water blister. 

boca dulse, n.: — local name for a fish 
having sharklike mouth and large eyes* 
steel-blue on back; whitish on rest of 
body; is edible, and in Spanish is called 
barbudo. 

boc§., n,; also ogsd: — ^hill; mountain; 
mountain toi>; elevation; blu£E; moun- 
tain or rock rising steeply. 

bocao, n.: — bit; morsel; mouthful. 

bocha, V. I.: — to rot (cz., fruit). 

bocha, adj.: — swelled. 

boda, n.: — nuptials; a marriage; marriage 
ceremony. 

bodega, n.; also famdluyan: — vault; 

arch; cellar; storeroom. 
bogbog", V. i.: — to tear; to burst; to break 

loose; to run away. 
bogbog, V. tr.: — to tear out; to pull out. 
bogbog lulog, n.; — nail puller. 



bdgsion 



143 



buente 



b6gsion, (k/?.;— ghastly; deathlike; pale; 

also CELlaii-m&tai; descolor&o; cIlu- 

pon; Jipato:— colorlesa (complexion); 

pallid; sallow; wan. 

b6jau, V. tr.:— to strike (with a fan, at 

flies). 
bojbo, V. tr.; also bojbuye:— to spit out. 
bola, n.: — bullet. 
bola, n.: — ball game. 
bolachero,n.:— drunkard; tippler; bSg- 
lacho, adj., arfi;.:— drunk; intoxicated, 
bolante^ n.; also capiya: — hood; woman's 
hood; cowl (hoodlike covering); cape, 
bologbog, V. i.:—to bubble; to boil up; to 
sputter (ex.^ a spring, bubbling out of 
the ground). 
boluxit^d, n.: — good will. 
boluntS-rio, adj.; also mut6: — voluntary; 

spontaneous. 
boluntario, n.: — volunteer, 
bomba, n.: — pump; bomb, 
bomb an quemasdn, n.: — ^fire engine; 
fire apparatus; fire-extinguishing ap- 
paratus, 
bombatdea, v. tr.: — to bombard; to at- 
tack with bombs; yotte bombas; 
also fiecha:— to throw bombs, 
boiielos, n.: — pastry, in the shape of 

small balls, 
bonete, nj also tujofig; g^ora: — ^bonnet, 
bong-bong fagot; also bajadot:— bam- 
, boo rod used in carrying the juice of 

the cocoa palm (tuba). 
bong-bong jinalum: — palpitation of the 

heart, 
bonita, adj., adv.; also dudus; pachu- 
chang;^ samai; gatbo; gu§fpago; 
guaiyayon: — neat; nice (speaking of 
girls); beautiful; handsome. 
bonito, adj., adv.; gatbo; famoso:— 
splendid; brilliant; famous; magnificent 
bonito na tonada, adj.: — tuneful; musi- 
cal; harmonious, 
boniton tinigui: — penmanship; the art 

or style of writing, 
boog, V. tr,: — to tear out. 
borad6t, n.: — day book; rough draft, 
boron, n.: — ink blot. 
bos, n.: — voice. 
bosa, n.; also talen manb&tsala: — 

towline of a schooner. 
bosbos, n.; also lat^: — scab; scurf; 

itch, 
bota, v. tr.: — to vote. 
botalon, n.: — boom; spar. 
botas, n.: — ^boots. 
botasion, n.: — election, 
botcan, n.: — volcano, 
botda, n.; binetda; also botda; ma- 
botda: — embroidery; piece of em- 
broidery. 
botda, V. tr.f v, i.: — to embroider, 
botdao, n.; also encajes: — laces; em- 
broidery, 
botdo, V. %.: — to tack. 
bote, n.; also batco; batca: — boat. 
boteya, n.; also frasco: — bottle; flask. 



bo tin, n.: — ^half shoe; low shoe. 
botlas, n.:~ta8sel; tuft; ornamental 

knot; trees. 
bote, V. tr.;— to vow'; to make a solemn 

promise. 
botsa, n.; also pottamoneda; bot- 

siyo: — pocket; pocketbook. 
botsa, V. tr.; also costate: — to pocket 

money, 
boya, n.: — ^buoy. 
boyug, V. tr.:— to drink out of a bottle 

or glass. 
brabo, adj., adv.: — suitable; capable; 
stout; strong; proper; vigorous; robust; 
also laia,; laiaia.:— healthy; living; 
alive; quick, 
brasaletes, n.; a^so putseras: — bracelet; 

arm ring. 
brasero, n.: — brazier; for burning char- 
coal or coal. 
brea, n.; also daiiguis: — resin; rosin; 

rubber, 
breablanca, n.: — local name for the Java 
almond, a large tree yielding an aro- 
matic resin known in commerce as 
Manila elemi. 
brigada, n.: — brigade, 
biin, n.; also lona: — canvas. 
broca, n.:~~dxll\, upright run by power, 

for drilling metals, 
bronco, n.; also bastos; fri6n:— snob; a 

vulgar person who apes gentility. 
bronco, adj., adv.; also malamafla; 
munero:— harsh ; grumbling; stubborn ; 
obstinate, 
bronco, adj., adv.; also deaatentoj t^i- 
atension; impolltico; tairespeto; 
bruto: — impolite; wanting in good 
manners; boorish; coarse. 
bronco, adj., adv.; also calaton: — rough; 

uneven; rugged. 
bronse, n.; — ^bronze. 
hxonsQf adj., adv.: — made of bronze or of 

brass, 
bruja, n.: — witch; sorceress. 
bruto, n.; also piearo:— scoundrel; man 
without honor. or virtue; low worthless 
fellow. 
bubo, adj., adv.; also lalald: — mad; en- 
raged; mentally disordered. 
bubo, V. i.; also caIoj&: — to be angry; to 

become angry. 
bubon inatmariao, v. i.: — to rave* to 

rage as a madman. 
buchi, n.: — goiter; tumor on the neck. 
buebente, v, i,; also duda: — to question; 

to hesitate; to doubt, 
buenaplanta, adj.: — stately; magnifi- 
cent; portly; splendid (as to stature). 
buenmuchacho, adj., adv.; also f5.fa- 

ch6chd:— industrious; hard working, 
buenmuchacho, adj., adv,; also gu6f- 

machdchd: — laborious; diligent, 
buen salud, adj.; also timala^go; 

l^a: — hale; sound bodily; healthy. 
buente, adj., at^-y.:— perhaps; mavbe; by 
chance; haply. 



buetbe 



144 



cacaleg 



buetbe, v. tr.; also majflau:— to revert; 

to turn back; to change. 
buetta, n.: — roundabout way; away 

back; return. 
"Luetta, r. i.; also lilicd; quilolog::— to 

revolve; to turn around (as on an axis); 

to roll in a circle, 
bufon, 71.; also titires:— buffoon; mas- 
cara, n.: — mask; clown, 
bnja, n .; also biia; — local name of a fish of 

the snapper variety ; has a black spot on 

the lateral line under the anterior soft 

dorsal ray. 
bula, ;). p."; also jaspog; tujus; yeno:— 

sated; satiated; replete; completely 

filled: 
bula, ;-, tr.: — to satiate; ni,-s©nbula, v. 

tr.:— to lill; to flood, 
bula, V. tr.; also pogpog: — to swell; to 

caiiifc swelling. 
bula asgon, adj., adv,: — mistaken; misty; 

hazy; nebulous, 
bula cS-ca, adj.; also calo; laiaulau: — 

?haky; feeble; full of cracks. 
bula-jagS,, adj., adv.; also mejga:— 

bloody. 
buiacho, adj.: — drunk; in a stupor from 

drink or smoking opium ; seaaick. 
bula janum; aZso^jinanum; — watery, 
bula mang&dadS- yan man n$. IMS- na 

sinafigan, adj.; sentensioso: — sen- 
tentious; terse. 
bula somaiap, adj.; also magof; gu^f- 
jaan:— sunny; bright; warm; cheer- 
ful. . 
bula y tasi pat y aadog:~flood; inun- 
dation; deluge, 
bulico, ?i..— jackass. 
bumababa, r. tr.:— to talk silly; to talk 
tvs-addle; also frumeona; frimiedn; — 
to degenerate; to deteriorate. 



bumanidoso, v. %.; also tunan-mMsa:- 
to boast; to brag; to become vain. 



bum.araiica, 



i.; also bumastos 



dumescarada: — to flaunt; to behav 
impudently. » 

bumasta^ v. tr.; also nS.-para; p61on- 
fi&ijon:~to interrupt; to hold up; to 
delay. 
bumasta, v, i.; also fagp6; inagtus: — 
to stop; to cease; to be discontinued; 
to come to an end. 
bumesino: — to be a neighbor, 
butla, n.: — sarcasm; bitter, sarcastic 
expression; also quinase; desprfisio; 
m.ofea; minefea:— scorn; contempt; 
disdain; derision. 
butl6n (burloii), adj,, adv.; also chat- 

gon; ch-atguiyon: — ^ridiculous. 
butl6n, 71.; — jester; mocker. 
buro, n.: — burro, 
buruca, n.; also sonido; ruido:— sound; 

noise. _ 

buruquento, adj., adv.; also agang: — 

loud; noisy. x x ^ 

buscapl&ito, n.; also matatangna 

na gayo:— gamecock, 
buso, D. i.:- — to dive. 
busero, n,: — diver, 
busina, n.: — trombone; the whistle of a 

steamer. 
butete, n.:— local name of the porcu- 
pine fish; sometimes regarded as 
poisonous, but is eaten after having 
been prepared with certain pre- 
cautions, 
butlea, V, tr., v. i.; also casi; institta; 
lotgue; mofea; muyfti; sal&; qui- 
bS-e;— to mock; to deride; to insult; 
to make fun of. 
butto, n.: — package; statue, 
buyadan t&otao, 7i.. -—crowd of people; 
jam; throng. 



c. 



cab ales, adj., adv.; also magajet; 

umaya: — accurate; exact. 
cabales, adj., adv.; also entero; na 

petfecto; enteramente: — complete; 

entire; full; ready; prepared; perfect, 
cabayero, n.; also sefiot:--gentleman; 

a well bred and honorable man; horse- 

man. 
cabayerisa, n.;— stable; building for 

loflginji horses; aagan gagS-, n.:— 

stable for lodging cattle, etc. 
cabayito, n.:— pony; a small horse, 
cabayo, n.;— horse. 
cabesa, ti..— head; foreman; top; cabesa 

de barangai: — fliatrict overseer; head 

of the district; cabeaiyo; capatas:— 

overseer. 
c4beyon, n.; — mosquito net. 
cable, n.; — cable. 

cabo, n.: — noncommissioned officer, 
c&brea, adj.; also midangis; c&daii&es; 
dangson: — resinous. 



cacS,, v.i.; also map^:~to aplit; to spring 
apart. 

cILca, n.: — crack; fissure. 

caca, gui paderdn, n.:— gap; an opening; 
cleft. 

y cacanta, n.; cant6t (Sp,.).— singer, 

cacag, V, tr.:—to hawk; to hem; to clear 
the throat audibly. 

cicagong, n.; — crown of the head; apex; 
vertex. 

clkcaguaa, n,:— claws. 

cacaguate, n.; also cacajuate: — local 
name for the peanut plant; is commonly 
cultivated in Guam, where it thrives, 
but notwithstanding the advice of the 
authorities is never planted on an ex- 
tensive scale; it would be a benefit to 
the soil if planted in rotation with maize 
and sweQt potatoes. 
cdcal6, 71.; also c&cayo:— stem, 
c&caleg, ocf;., adv.; also f&ileg; mafi-g- 
som: — sour; acid; tart; bitter. 



buetbe 



144 



cacaleg 



buetbe, v. tr.; also majflau:— to revert; 

to turn back; to change. 
buetta, n.: — roundabout way; away 

back; return. 
"Luetta, r. i.; also lilicd; quilolog::— to 

revolve; to turn around (as on an axis); 

to roll in a circle, 
bufon, 71.; also titires:— buffoon; mas- 
cara, n.: — mask; clown, 
bnja, n .; also biia; — local name of a fish of 

the snapper variety ; has a black spot on 

the lateral line under the anterior soft 

dorsal ray. 
bula, ;). p."; also jaspog; tujus; yeno:— 

sated; satiated; replete; completely 

filled: 
bula, ;-, tr.: — to satiate; ni,-s©nbula, v. 

tr.:— to lill; to flood, 
bula, V. tr.; also pogpog: — to swell; to 

caiiifc swelling. 
bula asgon, adj., adv,: — mistaken; misty; 

hazy; nebulous, 
bula cS-ca, adj.; also calo; laiaulau: — 

?haky; feeble; full of cracks. 
bula-jagS,, adj., adv.; also mejga:— 

bloody. 
buiacho, adj.: — drunk; in a stupor from 

drink or smoking opium ; seaaick. 
bula janum; aZso^jinanum; — watery, 
bula mang&dadS- yan man n$. IMS- na 

sinafigan, adj.; sentensioso: — sen- 
tentious; terse. 
bula somaiap, adj.; also magof; gu^f- 
jaan:— sunny; bright; warm; cheer- 
ful. . 
bula y tasi pat y aadog:~flood; inun- 
dation; deluge, 
bulico, ?i..— jackass. 
bumababa, r. tr.:— to talk silly; to talk 
tvs-addle; also frumeona; frimiedn; — 
to degenerate; to deteriorate. 



bumanidoso, v. %.; also tunan-mMsa:- 
to boast; to brag; to become vain. 



bum.araiica, 



i.; also bumastos 



dumescarada: — to flaunt; to behav 
impudently. » 

bumasta^ v. tr.; also nS.-para; p61on- 
fi&ijon:~to interrupt; to hold up; to 
delay. 
bumasta, v, i.; also fagp6; inagtus: — 
to stop; to cease; to be discontinued; 
to come to an end. 
bumesino: — to be a neighbor, 
butla, n.: — sarcasm; bitter, sarcastic 
expression; also quinase; desprfisio; 
m.ofea; minefea:— scorn; contempt; 
disdain; derision. 
butl6n (burloii), adj,, adv.; also chat- 

gon; ch-atguiyon: — ^ridiculous. 
butl6n, 71.; — jester; mocker. 
buro, n.: — burro, 
buruca, n.; also sonido; ruido:— sound; 

noise. _ 

buruquento, adj., adv.; also agang: — 

loud; noisy. x x ^ 

buscapl&ito, n.; also matatangna 

na gayo:— gamecock, 
buso, D. i.:- — to dive. 
busero, n,: — diver, 
busina, n.: — trombone; the whistle of a 

steamer. 
butete, n.:— local name of the porcu- 
pine fish; sometimes regarded as 
poisonous, but is eaten after having 
been prepared with certain pre- 
cautions, 
butlea, V, tr., v. i.; also casi; institta; 
lotgue; mofea; muyfti; sal&; qui- 
bS-e;— to mock; to deride; to insult; 
to make fun of. 
butto, n.: — package; statue, 
buyadan t&otao, 7i.. -—crowd of people; 
jam; throng. 



c. 



cab ales, adj., adv.; also magajet; 

umaya: — accurate; exact. 
cabales, adj., adv.; also entero; na 

petfecto; enteramente: — complete; 

entire; full; ready; prepared; perfect, 
cabayero, n.; also sefiot:--gentleman; 

a well bred and honorable man; horse- 

man. 
cabayerisa, n.;— stable; building for 

loflginji horses; aagan gagS-, n.:— 

stable for lodging cattle, etc. 
cabayito, n.:— pony; a small horse, 
cabayo, n.;— horse. 
cabesa, ti..— head; foreman; top; cabesa 

de barangai: — fliatrict overseer; head 

of the district; cabeaiyo; capatas:— 

overseer. 
c4beyon, n.; — mosquito net. 
cable, n.; — cable. 

cabo, n.: — noncommissioned officer, 
c&brea, adj.; also midangis; c&daii&es; 
dangson: — resinous. 



cacS,, v.i.; also map^:~to aplit; to spring 
apart. 

cILca, n.: — crack; fissure. 

caca, gui paderdn, n.:— gap; an opening; 
cleft. 

y cacanta, n.; cant6t (Sp,.).— singer, 

cacag, V, tr.:—to hawk; to hem; to clear 
the throat audibly. 

cicagong, n.; — crown of the head; apex; 
vertex. 

clkcaguaa, n,:— claws. 

cacaguate, n.; also cacajuate: — local 
name for the peanut plant; is commonly 
cultivated in Guam, where it thrives, 
but notwithstanding the advice of the 
authorities is never planted on an ex- 
tensive scale; it would be a benefit to 
the soil if planted in rotation with maize 
and sweQt potatoes. 
cdcal6, 71.; also c&cayo:— stem, 
c&caleg, ocf;., adv.; also f&ileg; mafi-g- 
som: — sour; acid; tart; bitter. 



cacao 



145 



calaton 



c&cao, n.;— cocoa. 

cach.S,^ V, tr,: — to cut out the inside of an 
instrument, a coconut, with an instru- 
ment. 

cacha^, adj.: — destitute of brilliancy or 
of luater; not showy; unpretending. 

cachet, v.tr.^v. i.: — ^to put on; to wear (a 
garment). 

cada, adj.; cada uno: — every; each. 

cadabet, n.; also m^tai: — corpse; dead 
body; dead. 

cMadg,, adj., adv.; also g^usi; jijot: — 
brief; short; concise; succinct; tersely 
expressed; n^-c&dada, v. tr,: — to 
shorten. 

cadadE na tiempo; also tStmino: — 
span; brief portion or extent of time. 

cada-m^s, afl[?., adv.: — monthly; happen- 
ing once a month. 

cada sacan, adj.: — annual, yearly. 

cada un rate, adv.; also pago yan ayu; 
palo tiempo:— now and then; once in 
a while; sometimes. 

cadena, n.; also lisayo:^necklace; 
rosary; chain. 

cadena de amdt: — chain of love; local 
name for the Mexican creeper; culti- 
vated in the gardens of Guam, but not 
common. 

caderas, n.; also lomo; iianggo: — hip; 
haunch; loins. 

cadd, V. i,: — to boil; to cook with fat. 

cado, adj., adv.: — apparent; seeroing. 

cadd, n.: — ^gravy; the fatty juice from 
roasting flesh; soup; meat broth. 

cad6, V. tr.: — to pretend. 

cad6 dineboto, n.; also calan si 
nantos: — sanctimoniousness. 

cadd naam&m&uleg, n.; iipocrita: — dis- 
sembler; hypocrite. 

caduco, n.; also b4baba; taitinin^6:— 
simpleton; ninny. 

caduco, adj.; also atmariao: — demented; 
insane. 

caduco, n.; also loco: — lunacy; mental 
unsoundness. 

caduco, n,; also fri6n; tSisentido; 
t^itiiungd: — fool; a person devoid of 
reason or intelligence; idiot. 

caduda^, v. tr.: — ^to tickle. 

cafe, n.: — coffee; one of the commonest 
plants in Guam, nearly every family 
having its cultivated coffee patch; 
enough coffee is not produced, how- 
ever, for exportation; indeed, there is 
Scarcely enough for' the use of the 
natives, all of whom are coffee drinkers; 
the j)roduct is of excellent quality, 
and in preparing it the beans are 
roasted, as with us, and ground on a 
stone metate with a cylindrical mano 
(like a tapering rolling-pin of stone). 

caf6, n..-— pandanus tree; the fragrant- 
fruited screw pine; the fruit is not 
eaten by the natives of Guam, but is 
sought out by the faniji and by rats. 

cagnd, adj., adv.; also goloso: — ^greedy; 
ravenous; voracious. 



c&guan, V. i.; ni6n|^gua: — to decrease; 

to become smaller in quantity. 
c&''g^aas, V. tr.; also etses; casas: — to 

scratch; to slash; to^car. 
c&icai, V. tr.: — to move slightly. 
cMcai, V. tr.; also jala: — to pull, 
caixn&n, n.: — crocodile, 
caja, n.; also cajon; c&ujau: — box; 

chest, 
cajat, V. i.; also cajuld; jatsa: — to rise; 

to ascend; to begin to stir. 
V. I.: — to hunt. 



cajat, V. tr.; also jatsa juld: — to lift up; 

to heave up; to take up; to raise. 
cajet, n.: — orange. 
cajida, n.; also galeria; balanda:— 

veranda; covered addition, 
cajna; c4cajna,n.; — sorcerer; sorceress. 
cajnaye, v. tr.; also n^-manman; 

nd,-ng&]Sg3> encanta: — to bewitch; 

to cast a spell over; to practice sorcery; 

to fascinate; to captivate, 
cajuld, V. tr., v. i.: — to rise (ex., the sun); 

to get up. 
cajuld, V. i.; also tacho; tojgae: — to 

stand; to get up. 
calabera, n.: — scull, 
calaboso, n.; also prlsidn: — ^jail; prison; 

cell, 
calagtos, adj., adv.; a/50 dadau; didog; 

p5,pag6: — sharp; keen; cutting; severe; 

pointed. ^ 

cMaguag, n.; also echcngSLa: — side; 

part._^ 
calalang, n.: — curlew, 
calamasa, n.; also melon: — melon; 

pumpkin; squash. 
calanuda, n.: — calamity; disaster; mis- 
hap; misfortune. 
calaixile, n.: — attack of cramps; cramps, 
calamya, adj., adv.; also macalamya; 

alisto: — ^brisk; alert; quick. 
calan, v. %.: — to seem; to appear; to 

pretend, 
calan-gasa: — gauzy; thin and semitrans- 

parent, like gauze. 
calan jonffuiyon: — supposedly, 
calang, adv.: — as; like as; such as. 
calafig, V. tr.: — to hang. 
calam.ten, v. %.: — to move; nlL-calajn- 

ten, V. tr.: — ^to move; to remove. 
calangca^ue, v. tr.: — to sprinkle; to 

scatter in small drops; also satpe: — to 

strew out (seed). 
calan m.&tai, adj.; also b6gcaon; des- 

colorao: — ghastly; deathlike; pale, 
calan pumarSrejo, adj.; also aparente; 

um^chaigua: — seeming; apparent. 
c^anqu6, n.: — ^the little finger. 
calan ti magajet, adj., adv.; also ti 

Erobable; ti m.aiiggayiin:^-improba- 
le; unlikely; not to be expected, 
cal&o, (k//.;— disorderly; irregular; con- 
fused. 
calascaSf n.: — noise, such as the rattling 

of keys. 
calaton, adj., adv.; also bronco: — ^rough: 
uneven j rugged. 



calentura 



canonica- 



calentura, v, i:—to catch fever; to be- 
come feverish; to become ill with fever. 

calentura, n,: — fever. 

calentura guinen y fto jmon na tand: — 
malaria; exhalations from marshy land, 
producing fevers. 

calesa, n.; also careta; quilis: — buggy; 
carriage. 

calls, n.: — chalice; cup. 

calo, adj.; also bula c3.clt; ISIaulau: — 
shaky; feeble; full of cracks. 

calo, adj.; also flojo:- — loose; relaxed; 
flabby; soft; weak. 

cSJtulot, n.: — finger; toe; cfilulot tal6: — 
middle finger; c&lulot aniyo:— ring 
finger; caliilot tiltanclid; also tatazx- 
chd:— index finger; fore finger. 

calumnia, n.: — calumniation. 

calumnia, v. ir.; also injuria: — to revile; 
to reproach; to abuse. 

caluinniad6t, n.; also dideshonra; des- 
honrad6t: — ^reviler; slanderer; calum- 
niator. 

cama, n.; — ^bed, 

camachile, n.; also guamachile: — name 
of a tree having a bark containing 25 per 
cent of tannin; introduced into Guam 
fmxn Mexico; pulp from the pods fol- 
lowing ita flowers is eaten by the poorer 
classes; the pods serve as fodder for 
animals, 

cS-maien, n.; — shop; workshop; boat 
shed. 

carnal end6, n.; also camalindd: — name 
of a tree with spreading branches and 
beautiful foliage, bearing pods contain- 
ing seeds and acid pulp, used in making 
cooling drinks (Tamarindus indica). 

caman-careta, n.: — wagon box (part of a 
wagon body). 

camara, n.: — cabin; hut. 

camarero, 7i.: — cabin boy; chamberlain. 

camarote gui batco: — berth; sleeping 
place on beard ship. 

cambio, adv.: — instead; on the other 
hand. 

caxnten, adj., adv.: — ^bad; evil; wicked; 
mischievous. 

camten, v. %.: — to be mischievous. 

cameyo, n.: — camel. 

camino reSl, n.; also carera: — high- 
road . 

camiseta, n.: — shirt; flannel. 

camote, n.; also camute; batate: — 
sweet potato; grows very well in Gua,m; 
it is amon^ the crops which will thrive 
on the highlands or mesa in places 
where the soil is too much exhausted 
for other things; there are several 
varieties on the island; one was brought 
from Hawaii and is called camotes de 
guaju (oahu). 

campo, n.; caxapamento: — camp. 

camp ana, n.: — bell. 

campanayo, n.: — bell tower. 



caznpanero, n 



also saclestan; d&- 



dandani^-sexton; btU ringer. 



campaniya, n.:— little bell. 

caxntexn, adj.; also dafi.oso; na'tai- 

lay e : — mischievous . 
camute, n. {see camote): — potato; sweet 

potato. » 

camyo, n.: — coconut rasp. ' 

camyo, v. It.: — to rasp the coconut; 

quinamyo, n.: — rasped coconut. 
canS, odv.y conj.; also acaso; Jonggui- 

yon; jungguan; sifLaj^: — perhaps; 

maybe; by chance; haply. 
canfi,, V. tr.; also flacfi,: — to hang up; to 

suspend. 
cafLa, n.; also paja: — stalk; grasslike 

stalk; straw, 
cand., V. tr.; also ntt-paranflaijon: — to 

suspend; to delay, 
cafLada, ri.; also baye: — valley; canyon; 

deep valley; ravine, 
cafia dulse, n.; also tupp: — sugar cane. 
c&nae, n.; also atmas; annas; c&nai: — 

arms; hand. 
c&nl.j&, atfi;. .'^nearly (ex., it seems as 

if almost ). 

cana manSnaua:— almost daylight; 

dawn. 
cana m&tai flalanj^, v. i.; also jocog- 

iialafl^: — to starve; to suffer extreme 

hunger. 
c4n.amo, n.: — hemp, 
canario, n.: — canary. 
canastro, n.; also canatstra: — basket, 
canat, n.: — drain; drainage; canal; chan- 
nel; f^canate, v. tr.: — to dig a channel 

or gutter. _^ 
canS, ti najong; also didid^: — scant; 

scarcely sufficient, 
cano, V. tr.; also chocho: — to eat. 
candalo, n.;— lock; door lock. 
candalo, v. tr., v. i.: — to lock with a 

key; also Juchum, v. tr.: — to close; 

to stop up. _ 

candela, n.: — candle; also dangues: — 

candleh older. 
candelero, n.;— candleholder. 
candi, n.: — candy. 
candit, n.; also lanipara: — lamp, 
candit lana, n.: — little oil lamp, 
canela, ?i.; — cinnamon. 
cangga, n.; also batangga: — aledhke 

conveyance used to transport logs from 

the forest. . 
canggrena, n.: — blood poisoning; gan- 
grene. 
c^ngjelon, n.: — horn of an animal, 
canifes, adj., adv.: — narrow; thin, 
canilla, n.; caniya; — shin; forepart of the 

leg between the ankle and the knee. 
can6a, n.; also gal&ide: — trough for mix- 
ing mortar; also trough for mixing 

dough. 
cafidn, n.: — cannon. 
cafi-onero, n.; — gunboat; artilleryman; 

batcon can6n: — gunboat. 
cafiones, n.;— artillerjr; ordnance, 
canonica, n.: — parochial register. 



cansela 



147 



caspa 



cansela, v: tr.; also deroga; rebuetbe; 
nlUidJo y firiijd;— to revoke; to coun- 
termand; to withdraw; to abolish; to 
dismiss; to cancel. 

cansi6n, n.; — a variety of coconut palm 
of which the young nut .has a sweet 
edible rind. 

canta, v. %..: — ^to sing, 

cant an alabansa; also goso: — song of 
praise; hymn. 

c&ntarO) n.; also la-uya: — pot; cooking 
kettle. 

c&ntico, n.; canta: — song. 

cantidS., n.; also minSgae:— quantity. 

cantit^ 71.; also tin^fondo; sasali- 
guan: — precipice; abyss; chasm; gulf; 
hell. 

canto, n.; also oriya; banda: — edge; 
table ed^e; rim; border; brim; the edge 
of anything; ledge; mai^n. 

canton, adv.; also fton; gui fion; 
oriyan: — ^beside; in the proximity of; 
near to. 

canton itnai {or y laai), n.: — sandy 
beach; strand. 

canton langit, n,;~horizon; the line 
where the sky and earth, or sea, appear 
to meet; the limit of one's mental 
vision. 

caniion, adj.; also mamacanS: — edible; 
tit to be eaten as food. 

canlion, n.: — coconut, when tender and 
ready to be eaten. 

cafiuto, n.: — pipe. 

cao, n.; estaco: — pole, 

capa,»?i.: — layer; stratum; row. 

capa, n,: — cape, 

capas, adj., ac/r,:— capable; brave; cour- 
ageous; also matatnga; compe- 
tent e: — competent; fit, 

capataSj n,; also cabesiyo: — overseer. 

capitan, n.; magas gui batco: — skip- 
per; maeter; cai>tain (of a ship). 

capitat, n.: — capital city. 

capitat, n.; afeo prinsip|.t:— <;apital; the 
sum invested in a business. 

capiya, n.: — shrine; a sacred place or 
hallowed object (butto g^ an lugat, 
pat y lugat ni ma n§, santos). 

capiya, n.; banda: — ^band; orchestra of 
musicians, 

capricho, n.; also pint6: — caprice; un- 
restricted choice, 

caprichoao, adj., adv.; also chichula: — 
huraorsome; capricious; wayward. 

capsuia, n.: — capsule. 

capuchino, n.; — Capuchin monk, 

cara, n.; mata; rostro: — face; counte- 
nance; looks; appearance, 

carabao, n.: — carabao; the water buffalo; 
the beast of burden, and the principal 
means of conveyance in Guam. 

carac6t, n.;also ddgas; doogas; lasas: — 
Bhcii. 

caracter, n.; jenio; coatumbre: — 
character; frame of mind; dispostiion. 

carai, n.; — tortoise shell. 



caramelo, n.: — yellow sugar; caramel; 
candy. 

carantina, n.; also cuar^ntena: — 
quarantine. 

carera, n.: — race; contest of speed; 
general tendency; trend. 

carera de Santiago: — the milky way. 

careta, n.; also caretdn: — wagon, 

care tan diqulqut, n.: — tram; tramway. 

caretiya, n.: — cart; light, two-wheeled 
vehicle; pushcart; handcart. 

caretdn, n.: — truck; wagon for carrying 
goods, 

carid&d, n.; also ani6t; giiinaiya: — 
love. 

carifio, n.; also quinarifioso: — loveli- 
ness; kindness; amiability; benevo- 
lence. 

cariiloso, adj.; also con carifio; cari- 
fiosamente: — ^1 o v e 1 y ; charming; 
worthy of being loved. 

carft, n.; also fegui: — track. 

carit, n.; chalan ruedan careta:— • 
rut; the track of a wheel; groove; 
hollow. 

carft eXectrisida, n.: — trolley car. 

cartucho, n.; also cattucho: — cartridge. 

caruaje, n,; also coche: — coach; carriage. 

casaca, n.; also batunes dS^culo: — 
large button; fastening for clothing. 

casadules, n.: — hunter; huntsman. 

casamiento, n.; also inacamd; uma- 
cam6: — marriage; wedlock; wedding. 

casao, V. i.: — to cry. 

casao, p. p.; also umfisagua; g4ia- 
s a gua : — married . 

caacajOj n.: — decomposed coral; used for 
road making; is soit when put down, 
but harders through the actio^i of air 
and v/ater. 

cS.scara, n.; also tasa; tasdn: — bov/i. 

cascas, v, i.: — to clatter; to murmur; to 
rustle; to whisper; to rattle, 

case, V. tr.; also catgaye; n§.-lamacat; 
aumenta; nSr-bubo: — ^to aggravate; to 
intensify. 

case, V. tr.; also soyo para mumo:— to 
challenge to a fight; to summon to a 
contest. 

case, V. ir.: — to tease. 

casi, adv.: — ^almost; nearly. 

casi, 'y. fr., v. i.; also butlea; insutta; 
lotgue; mofea: — to mock; to deride; to 
insult; to make fun of. 

case, 71./ also sinesede: — ^incident; oc- 
currence; event; happening. 

casoe, n.; casue: — name of a tree intro- 
duced into Guam more than a century 
ago; bears a peculiar fruit consisting of 
the fleshy, enlarged peduncle (flower 
stalk) bearing a kidney-shaped nut; its 
shell is very acrid and the nut itself oily 
and edible when roasted ; the peduncle, 
when thoroughly ripe, is pleasantly acid 
and edible; they are not a food staple of 
Guam. 

caspa, 71,; — dandruff; scurf on the scalp. 



castiga 



148 



codisia 



castiga, v. £r.:— to punish; to chastise. 

casti^o, n.;— penitentiary; state prison; 

puniEihment: torment, 
castigo, n.; calamidad; also epide- 

mia: — scourge, 
castiyo, n.: — garrison. 
casualid^d^ n.; also inald; deagrasia: — 

misfortune; accidental event. 
<;asuya, n.; also jabito; sotana: — 

cassock, 
catalang, n.: — snipe, 
catan, n.: — east. 

catbOf adj.; also danggas: — bare; bald, 
catbo, n,; also dagfi^as: — baldhead. 
catbozif n.: — coal; potbos catbon: — coal 

dust; catbon jayo: — charcoal; glow of 

burning coals. 
catcat} V. i.; also tagtag; pagpag: — to 

smack with the tongue. 
catcula, -y. tr,: — to calculate; to compute; 

to think out. 
catcula^ V. tr.; also considera: — to con- 
sider; to estimate, 
catdeniyo, n.: — verdigris, 
catdero, n.: — pot used for boiling water; 

steam boiler, 
catdume, n.: — tribe, 
catdumen, n.: — swarm; flock; pile; heap, 
catduiuen abejas: — a swarm of bees. 
cate, r. tr., v. i.; also agang; — to cry 

out; to howl (ex., the wind); to roar 

(e.T., the bull); to peep {ex., the chicks). 
cate dr41, n . .-—cathedral . 
eaten fiumedog, n . ; also palai5gpa.fl|;: — 

roar; cry of a large animal; loud noise. 
catesismo, ti..*— catechism, 
catin g&lago, n.; also j&ujau:— howl ; 

the howl of a dog, 
catga, n.: — burden; charge; load; bag- 
gage; tribute; iznpuesto; — duty; tax; 

impost; tribute, 
catgado; p. p.: — loaded, 
catgamento, n.; also flete: — freight. 



catgaye, v. tr.; also chiguit; oprime: — 
to subdue; to opprees; to repress; to 
keep down; to etine; to suppress. 

catgaye, v. tr.; also iznpone: — to im- 
pose; to place upon; to impose punish- 
ment. 

catgo, n..-— office; charge; obligation. 

catiye, v. tr., v, i.; also na-ali: — to entice; 
to allure. 

catma, n.; — calm; lack of wind or 
breeze. 

catna, adj.: — alluring, enticing. 

catuada, r, tr.; also pugue; mojnio; 
catnadaye:— to lure; to bait; to allure. 

cUtnajft, adv.; also cfi-najS.: — almost; 
nearly; but little was lacking. 

catne, v. i.: — to gnaw; to nibble; to 
destroy by gnawing; to corrode. 

catixe, n.; also sensen: — meat. 

catnen b&bui, n.; «/.vo toaino; — pork, 

catuezL guaca, n.: — ho.<il. 

catnen quinilo, n.: — mutton; the flesh 
of sheep. 

cato, n.: — cat. 

catdlico, adj.: — Catholic. 



catotse, adj.: — fourteen, 
catpintero, n.: — carpenter, 
catta, n.: — letter; note; card, 
catton, n.: — cardboard. 
cattucho, n.: — cartridge. ^ 
cattuchera, n.: — cartridge pouch. 
catre, n.: — bed frame, 
catsa, V. i.:- — to put on shoes. 
cataoniyos, n.: — drawers. 
catsunes, n.: — trousers; patits. 
cattirai, n.: — name of a small introduced 

tree, bearing large edible flowers and 

pods; frequently planted near the 

houses of the natives and along the 

roadsides; both the flowers and pods 

are said to have laxative properties. 
cau, con;.:— whether; if. 
causa, n.; — affair; concern; matter; also 

motibo: — motive; reason. 
cautiba^ v. f.r.; also preao: — to take 

prisoner. 
cayao, adj., adv.; also maguim: — silent; 

taciturn; peaceable; pacific; circum- 
spect; cautious. 
cayada, n.: — slackening; letting up (of 

wind or rain). 
caye, n.; also chalan:— street; road; path, 
cayon, n.; also finS. chalan: — footway; 

trail. 
cayos, n.: — callosity; weal; skin swelled 

and hardened by labor; corn; sore; 

ulcer. 
cayos, adj., adv.: — callous. 
cigarillo, n.; cigariyo: — cigarette. 
claranchada, n.; also UpacS. chadS,: — the 

white of an egg. 
claridg,, n.: — flame; clarity; clearness. 
claro, adj., adv.: — legible; capable of 

being read; clear: distinct; apparent. 
claro, adj.; also lamlam; puro: — clear; 

bright; pure. 
clase, n.: — quality; kind; class in school. 
clema, n.: — cream. 
club, n.: — club. 
cobatde, adj., adv.; also niai''fiao: — 

afraid; timid; faint-hearted; fearful, 
cobla (or cobbla), if. ir.: — to collect; to 

call in outstanding moneys. 
coble {or cobble), n.; — copper; money; 

change; pieces of money. 
c6c3,nao, adj., adv.; also cobatde: — 

cowardly; timid; afraid. 
cocas, V. tr.; also gadon: — to complicate; 

to involve; to entangle. 
coche, n.: — carriage. 
cochero, n.: — coachman; driver, 
cocheron automobit, n.: — chauffeur. 
cochino, n.; also b^bui:— swine; pig; pig- 
skin. 
c6c6, V. tr.:— to harvest; to reap; to gather 

in the harvest. 
cocog, V. i.: — -to grunt. 
c6coi6, v. i.: — to climb up. 
cocote, V. tr.: — to hit; to hit in the neck 

or on the back of the head . 
codisia^ n.; also linatga; chin&tao: — 

avarice; cupidity; niggardliness; sel- 

iishncss. 



codo 



149 



confotme 



«odo, n.; also tomon cUnai: — elbow; 
yard (measure). 

codotnls, 71.; also duliU:^[iuail. 

^ofradia, n.: — member of the brother- 
hood. 

Golietes (or cuetes), n.: — crocket. 

cojo, adj.; also S.caleng: — ^lame; twisted; * 
dislocated. 

oola, n.; also fatdon*. — ^burden; large 
pack; skirt; lap; flap; train (of a skirt). 

cola, n.; also d&dalag^: — ^tail. 

cdladot, n.; also fanjaluman: — ^filter; 
apparatus for purifying water or other 
liquids; sieve; inlet; passage. 

colales, n.: — local name for the coral- 
bean tree; the heartwood of the larger 
trees is hard and durable, 

colales, n.; also cadenan colales: — 
chain made up of red shells; colales, 
n.: — red sheila. 

colales jalum-taji6: — local name for the 
coral-bread vine; very common in 
thickets throughout the island; its 
seeds contain two proteid poisons 
which, when introduced beneath the 
skin, cause death; used in India by the 
natives to dip the points of their daggers 
in, wounds from which are fatal. 

colat, n.: — fence; hedge. 

colat, V, tr.; also oriyS,ye; lelicdii — to 
fence a field; to bound; to inclose 
with a hedge; to lay siege. 

colat ch§.''giian, n.; — ^hedge; fence of 
bushes or shrubbery. 

colat gaga, n.: — fold; pen; dung. 

colat a, n.: — butt end of a gun. 

cS'lau, V. ir.: — to fetch a meal. 

colaye, v. tr,; also cola: — to glue. 

coleale, n.; also estudiante:~student; 
scholar. 

colera, n.;~ cholera. 

coleta, n.: also filag: — tress; plait; braid. 

coloca, V. tr. :^to locate; to place; to 
establish , 

col6t, n,: — color. 

colot chocolate, adj.; also patdo; 
naoreno : — ^brovra , . 

colunina, n.: — column. 

combate, n.;also pl^ito: — fight; combat. 

combida, v. tr.; also jujo; soyd; ofrese: — 
to bid; to make an offer of. 

cometsiantea, n.; also negosiante: — 
merchant; trader; dealer. 

comStsio, n.:— traffic; commerce; trade. 

coiaeya, n.: — comedy. 

comfesat, v. tr.: — to profess (religious 
belief). 

comfes6t, n.: — ^father confessor. 

comida, n.: — meal; eating. 

coxni^ona, v. tr.; also encatga: — to 
charge; to send for a purpose; to com- 
mission. 

c6naoda, n.: — cabinet; cheat of drawers; 
commode. 

c6nion, n.;— closet; retreat; water-closet. 

compaflero, n.; also gS,chofig:— fellow- 
ship; association; society. 

compania, n.; — company. 



compara, v. tr.: — to liken; to compare 
comparasidn, n,: — comparison; parable, 
conxp&s, n..* — compass, 
comp&s, V. i.; also cuxnunpapas: — to 

gesticulate while speaking. 
coxnplase, v. tr.; also na-aya; na- 

magof; — to suit; to accommodate; to 

please, 
coxnplicao, adj,; also gadon: — intricate; 

entangled; complicated. 
complido, adj., adv.; also empefiao; 

empefloso: — zealous; ardent; eager. 
complise, n,; — confederate; accomplice, 
comprende, v. %,; also tuiigo: — to 

comprehend; to understand. 
conipr endiyon, adj . , adv . ; — palpab le ; 

obvious; easily perceived, 
compromete, v. i.: — to compromise; to 

lay bare; to expose. 
compromise, n.: — compromise; agree- 
ment. 
comtin, adj., adv.; also pliblico: — ^public; 

common; general. 
comunidad, n.: — commonalty; commu- 
nity. 
com.uni6n, n.: — joint estate; communion, 
conxuni6n, n.: — the Holy Communion; 

the Eucharist. 
con, adv.y prep.: — with; in conjunction 

with. 

conben^naia, n.: — propriety; fitness; 
profession; trade; craft. 

conbeuiente, adj.: — convenient; suit- 
able, 

conbense, t?. tr,; also Boy6; na,-osgon: — 
to persuade; to influence by argument, 
advice, or entreaty. 

conbetsasidn, n,; also setnxon; umli- 
tan§: — conversation; discourse; speech 
or language. 

conbida, v. tr.; also jujo; agangue; 
soyd: — to invite. 

conbidao, n.: — guest; invited person. 

conbiene:— it is important; it is neces- 
sary; it is fitting. 

conbiette, v, tr,: — to convert. 

concha, n.:-^mussel; shell. 

condena, v. ir.: — to sentence; to con- 
demn. 

condisidn, n.; also disposiaidn; oriya: — 

condition; measure; rule; disposition; 

direction; environment, 
conducta, n.; — conduct, 
cond, V. tr,: — to qatch; to bring. 
confesi6n, n,: — confession. 
confesionario, n.: — confessional, 
conila, v. ir., v. i.; also angoco; ta- 

giian: — to intrust; to confide; to hope; 

to look for; to expect, 
condansa, n.: — trust; confidence; faith, 
confitma, v. tr.; also ayuda; ng,-gg,inii- 

netgot: — to strengthen; to confirm, 
conil-toiasidn, n,: — confirmation. 
confotman xn&isa, v. i.: — to acquiesce; 

to give one's self up. 
confotme, v. tr.: — to conform; to make 

alike. 



confotme 



150 



costiyas 



confotme, adj.; also aplica:— devoted; 

understanding. 
confotme ni y otden y otro, adj.: — 

obedient; dutiful. 
cojif otme y lay, adj,, adv.: — lawful; just; 

legal, 
confottnena, adj.f adv.; also mina- 
goffta: — ^rational; agreeable to reason; 
wise; judicious. 
con mucho cuiddo: — ^^vith special care, 
conquista, v. ir.; also lobra: — to acquire; 
to procure by effort ; to ^vin by conquest . 
consado, ad).; also esterit; angl6; 
taiminauleg na odH; cansado: — 
sterile; barren; producing no crop, 
consagra, v. tr.: — to consecrate; to trans- 
mute. 
consagrasi6n, n . .■ — transformation . 
consede, i\ tr.: — to assent to; to agree to; 

to concede. 
conseja,r. i.; a?sochachalane: — to give 

advice; to give counsel. 
consejero, n.; also ^aconseja: — advisor; 

counselor; councilor. 
consentimiento, n.;— approval; acqui- 
escence; agreement; consent. 
consider a, v. tr.: — to deliberate; to 
ponder; to weigh in the mind; to con- 
aider; to survey. 
consi^nsia, n.: — conscience, 
consiente, v. ir.; also petmite:-— to 
permit; to consent; to allow; to give 
permission for. 
consigue, v. tr.; also cumple; tac§,; 
jago: — to accomplish; to reach; to ob- 
tain; to attain. 
consiate, v. i.: — to consist; to be com- 
posed of; to be made up of. 
consoladot, n.: — comforter; consoler. 
constante, adj,, adv.; also fijo: — con- 
stant; persistent; steadfast; persever- 
ing; industrious; diligent; assiduous; 
so;ivilou>-. 
construc3i5n, n.; also pUnantan 

guma:— structure; edifice; building, 
consuela, r. tr.; also ni-alibiao; n§,- 
lamaruagofi-r-to console; to comfort; 
to encourage; to relieve; to free from 
pain, suffering, or grief. 
consutta, v. ir.: — to consult. 
contempla, r. ir.; also iaso; atan: — 
to observe; to contemplate; to view; 
to watch, 
contesta, v. tr.; also responde; ope: — 

to ro-spond; to answer; to reply, 
contiempo, adj.; also opottuno: — op- 
portune; well-timed; seasonable. , 
continenaia, n.: — abstinence; temper- 
ance; cotivinenco. 
contodo, (j/Ij., conj.; also locuS: — also; 

too; besides. 
con todo que, prep.; aho sin enbatgo: — 
in Bpiteof; nevertheless; notwithstand- 
ing. 
contra, n.: — photographic negative. 
contra, prep.; aho yan: — ^against. 
contra costa, n.: — coast; cojit. 



contradise, v. tr.: — to contradict; to 
quarrel; to dispute; to disagree; to be 

at variance. 

contradisi6n, n.; also reusa: — denial; 
refusal; contradiction; pun§:--to deny. 

contramaestro, n,: — boatswain, 

contririo, n.; also enemigo:— adver- 
sary; opponent. 

contrario, adj.; also otro; diferente: — 
hostile; inimical; adverse; repugnant; 
contrary; different; other. 

contrata, v. tr,, v. i.; also um.&joye; — 
to enter into an agreement; to close a 
contract. 

contrata, n.: — treaty; negotiation. 

contratiempo, n.: — untoward event or 
circumstance; adversity. 

contratista, n.: — contractor; exploiter. 

contrato, n.: — contract; agreement. 

contribusion, n.; also impueste: — con- 
tribution; tribtite; tax; duty; excise 
tax; impost. 

contrisi6n, n.; also sinetsot:-~contri- 
tion; penitence; repentance. 

copa, n.: — cup; small glass; un cop an 
bino: — a small glass of wine. 

copero, n.: — butlef'; cupbearer. 

c6pia, V. tr.: — to copy. 

c6pia, n.; also muestra: — ^pattern; copy; 
a model; sample; specimen; anything 
cut out or marked, ready to be copied. 

coraje, n,.* — courage; spirit. 

corason, n.: — ^heart. 

coreas, n.; also sened6t; sintor6n: — 
belt (for the waist); strap; long piece of 
leather. 

coredot, n.:— veranda; corridor; passage- 
way. 

coreo, n.:— mail steamer., 

corespondensia, n.: — correspondence.- ^ 

corije, v. tr.; aiso n^-dinanche; recti- 
fica: — to rectify; to set right; to blame; 
to censure. 

corije, v. tr.; also desaprueba: — to con- 
demn; to disapprove; to reprove; to 
denounce . 

coro, n.: — choir. 

corona, n.;— crown. ^ 

coriente, n.; also milag:— stream; 
current. 

coron6t, n.; coronel;— colonel; com- 
mander of a regiment. 

cosa, n.; also materia; jaf a:— matter; 
thing; cause. 

cosas nl man manfajan yan manma- 

bende: — anything bought and sold; 

also metcdnsia, n.:— merchandise; 

goods; wares. 

coaecha, n.: — crop; also semiya; — seed. 

cosecha, n.; jineca; y quinSco: — 

harvest. 
cosina, n. .-^kitchen. 
cosinero, n.: — c:ook. ^ 
costat-toi%guang, n.: — basket 

for victuals. 
costiyas, n.: — rib; curved bone support 
ing the lateral wall of the thorax. 



costrafas 



151 



cuetdasi 



<!0strafa3, ?i.;— sinews; tendons (on 
meat) . 

costumbre, n.; also penfi^a; bfaio: — 
habit; custom. 

costumbre, adj.; also otdinario; — ordi- 
nary; usual; customary. 

<so3tura, n.: — ^hem; the edge of a garment. 

costura, n.; corejilo; also costura: — 
seam; line formed by the sewing of two 
pieces of material together. 

"Costurera, n.;— seamatresB; needle- 
woman. 

cola, n.;also d£inj|ues; danguis; lacne: — 
wax. 

cotchetes, n.: — crotchets; clampa. 

cotcha, n.: — cork; bottle stopper. 

CO tchon, n . : — mattress . 

<jotd6t, n.: — string; cord; line, 

cotd4t; coddSt, n.; also pita: — string; 
cord; line. 

<sotd6t giiijan, n.: — fishline. 

cotdon, n.: — line; rope; belt; cuet- 
dao: — leather strap holding the sandala. 

cotneta, n.; also trorapeta: — ^horn; 
trumpet; bugle; cornet. 

cotniyos, n.; — fang; tusk; saddle pad; 
saddle roll. 

cotse. n.; also chinina: — ^bodice; waist. 

cottado y leche: — curdled milk. 

cotte, n.: — court (of a ruler). 

cottesano, adj,, adv.: — ^polite. 

cottesia, n.; — ^politeness. 

cottesiaye, v. tr.: — to extend courtesy; 
to show one's self courteous. 

cottina, n.: — curtain. 

coyunturas, n.; — ^Joints. 

creatura, n.; also patgon: — offspring; 
successor; creature. 

cresiente, adj., adv.: — arising; growing; 
increasing (moon). 

cresta, n.: — comb of the rooster. 

criado, n.; also ministro; setbiente: — 
servant. 

criansa, 71.; also sagan famag^on: — 
nursery; apartment Tor young children. 

crimindt, n.; a;sonS,-natailaye: — male- 
factor; criminal. 

crista t, n,; — glass. 

cruel, adj., adv.: — cruel. 

crueldS-d, n.: — cruelty. 

crus, adj.; also 6pagat; umencirtis:— 
crosswise; athwart. 

crusa; n.; also quiltius: — cross. 

crusero, n.: — cruiser; a fast warship. 

crusifica, v. tr.: — to crucify. 

crusifijo, n,: — crucifix. 

cuadrante, 7i„; — penny; farthing (old 
expression, rarely used). 

cuadrao, adj.: — quadrangular; four-cor- 
nered; square, 

cuadro, n.: — frame; square. 

cuadron bentana, n.: — sash; window 
sash; frame for holding panes of glass 
(cuadron bentana para uguiniot y 
espejos). 

cuanto? — ^how much; how many? 

cuanto antes, adv.: — as soon aa possible. 

cuarenta, adj.: — forty. 



cuaresma, n.; also tiempon ayunat: — 
fasting time; Lent; Shrovetide. 

cuatq^ui^rajl, na taotao, n.:— in- 
dividual, 

cuatqiiiSt, pron.; also cuatqiiiera; 
cuatqui6raja: — anyone; whosoever. 

cuatro, adj.: — four. 

cuatro-patas, n.; — quadruped. 

cuatroslentos,arfj.; also written cn&txo • 
sientes: — four hundred. 

cuatta, n.; also latigo: — whip. 

cuattaso, n.: — ^^vhiplash. 

cuattel, n.: — ^barracks; quarters. 

cuatto, n,.'^-quart; quarter of a gallon; 
a measure. 

cuatto, adj.: — one-fourth; the fourth. 

cuatto, n,: — quarter of the moon. 

cuatto cresiente: — first quarter of the 
moon (rising, increasing fourth). 

cuatto, n,; also aposento: — r o o m ; 
chamber; apartment. 

cuatto menguante: — last quarter of the 
moon. 

cuatton bisita, n.: — waiting room^ ante- 
room. 

cubietta, n.: — deck. 

cubo, n.; also piau; pfao: — bamboo; reed; 
cane, 

cubre, v. tr.; also tampe:— to cover. 

cuca, V. i.; also n&-pihalala: — to be 
agitated by a violent passion. 

cuca, V. tr.; also adbiette; pagat: — to 
incite; to admonish; to stimulate; to 
advise; to caution; to counsel. 

cuco, adj., adv.: — crafty; sly; cunning; 
deceitful . 

cuchala, n.: — spoon. 

cuchalan 5,tbaiSit, n.: — trowel; mason's 
scoop. 

cuchalaa d^ngculo, n.: — ladle (large 
spoon). 

cuciiracha, ?i.;— cockroach. 

cuenta, n,; also manifiesta; notisia; 
natungd; factura; dibe; inSJiog- 
ch^: — report; account; relation; con- 
nection; bill; invoice; score, 

cuenta; en bes de; en luglit de: — 
instead of; in the place of. ^ ^ 

cuenta: Hsayo, n.; also tinifong: — 
accounting. 

cuentaye, v. tr.; also funiiad6t: — to 
stand security for; to bail; to warrant; to 
substitute, or to act as some one's 
substitute. 

cuentos, n.; also discutso; oraBi6nj 
chincliul§; cliinchuUi: — speech; talk; 
discourse; oration; gossip; narration. 

cuentos, v. %.; also 4dingan; adingane; 
alog: — to talk; to converse; to gossip; 
to speak; to utter. 

cuentos, n,; also sinangan: — story; tale. 

cuero, n.: — leather; hide. 

cuesti6n, n.: — question; a matter of 
dispute. 

cuetdas, n.; also tale: — rope; cord; 
string; line. 

cuetdasi, adj.: — windy. 



cuetna 



152 



chadeg 



I 



cuetna, v. <r.;— to tie fast. 

cueyo, n. also agitg^S,: — collar; neck. 

cuidaol inter j.; also adaje! — be careful! 
take care ! beware ! 

cula, V. tr.: — to sift; to put through the 
sieve. 

culebla, n.; also setpieute; tagpapH; 

gulgui]Sg: — ^reptile; eerpent; snake, 
.culeca, n.; also ponedera: — ^brood hen. 

culpable, adj.; also lalat-diyon; £sau: — 
blamable; culpable; guilty; reprehensi- 
ble; deserving censure. 

cultiba, V. tr. :^to cultivate. 

culil, n.; also sirena: — siren; foghorn. 

cumacajat, adv.; also uin§''cacat:— 
gingerly; cautiously; daintily. 

cumacalo, v. tr.^ v. %.; also nlL-calo; 
sottaye: — to slacken; to relax; to 
enervate or to become enervated; to 
effeminate . 

cumaduco, v, i.: — to age; to become old; 
to become childish. 

cuiuati, r, i.: — to shriek; to utter a 
sharp, shrill outcry. 

cuzneja, i'. tr.; also puminiti: — to de- 
plore; to lament over; to commiserate; 
to pity. 

cumequSyau, adj., adv.: — limping, 

cumieta, v. i.: — to pause. 

y cumdinfesat, n.: — penitent. 

cuiu6nfesat, v. i,: — to confess. 

cumot^do y leche: — curdled milk. 

cumple, V. tr.; also consigue: — to fulfill 
a duty; to accomplish; to reach; to 
obtain; to attain; to comply; to conform. 

cumple a&os, n.; also anibetsario:— 
anniversary. 

cumplido, adj., adv.; also fotna&t: — 
punctual; zealous; strict; accurate; 
precise; exact; stern; severe; harsh. 



cumplido gui mUgas&a, n.; also ti&- 

nUbaba; titrinaidute: — allegiance; fi- 
delity to a country, a cause, or to a 
person. 

ctuuplimiento, n.: — compliment; ex- 
pression of courtesy. 

cumticuzmanaf na g3.gl., n.; also ul<i: — 
worm (from cunaf, to crawl). 

y cumficuiiauaf na tinanum: — vine; 
clinging plant. 

cumuentos, u. %.: — to babble; to prattle; 
to utter; to speak; to pronounce; to 
converse; to talk familiarly. 

cumuentos 4gang^ also gagag; cu<» 
muentos chadeg pat t&esus- 
tansia: — to gabble; to chatter. 

cmnuentos 6'cacat; also gofiggoflg: — 
to murmur; to whisper; to rattle. 

cumuleca, v. i.: — to brood; to incubate. 

cumuupapas, v. %.; also compas: — to- 
gesticulate while speaking. 

cuna, n.: — crib; child's bed; rack 
manger. 

cuna, n.: — wedge. 

cuna, V. tr.: — to drive in a wedge. 

cufiado, n,; also y quinadti-jo: — 
brother-in-law. 

clinanaf, v. %.; also batsala: — to creep; 
to inove slowly along the ground. 

ctinau (paluman ctinau), n.: — dove; 
ring-dove, 

cura, n.: — rector; curate; clergyman. 

curato, n.- — rectory; parsonage; vicarage. 

curieixte, adj., adv.; also curiente 
cumuentos: — fluent; voluble; elo- 
quent. 

curioso, adj.f adv.; also aberiguadot; 
gamamaisen: — inquisitive; curious. 

cuyuntura, n.: — ^joint or link of a 
machine. 



Ch. 



cha, n.: — tea. 

cha- (or acha-; cha-ungag): — prefix, in- 
dicating equality; equal in weight. 

chabS,, r. tr.: — to snub; to treat with de- 
signed contempt; to interrupt; to con- 
tradict some one. n 

chabai, v. tr.; also op one; rechasa; 
resiste: — to resist; to oppo.se. 

chaca, n.: — rat (the brown, or Norway, 
rat). 

ch&ca, V. tr., v. %.; also na-chacS,; julog; 
majlog: — to snap; to break short or 
instantaneously; to crack. 

ch.ac^, V. i.: — to titter; to chuckle; to 
crackle (the bones of a joint). 

ch4can dfquiqui, n.:— 'mouse (small rat). 

chacha^ arf?,, adv.: — affected; elegant; 
foppish. 

ch&cliabai, adj., adv.; also opdpone; 
rech&chasa: — resisting; opposing; re- 
fractory. 

chachag, n.: — saw; cutting steel instru- 
ment with a toothed edge. 



chachag, v. tr,: — to saw; to cut with a 
saw; to cut. 

chachag maiiise, v. tr., n.: — rip saw. 

chS,chagS,, n.: — upper part of the thigh; 
shank; thigh. 

cliachalane, v. tr.; also dirije; ffi.na''- 
giie: — to give advice: to give counsel ;^ 
to lead; to guide; to instruct; to teach; 
to exemplify; to illustrate by example. 

ch&chalapon chgtnot, n.; also tan- 
mo: — infection; taint; infectious dis- 
ease. 

ch.achalon, n.: — greaves of bacon. 

chachaot, adj.; also chaot; ti sina; 
chatsa^a: — prohibited ; impossible ; 
impracticable. 

chS.chatjinaso, adj.^ adv.; also plnala- 
lala; l'{Uujan; escrupuloso: — anxious; 
scrupulous. 

chachatlamen, n.; also contrario; eni- 
mlgo: — op'ponent; adversary. 

chada, n.: — egg. 

chadeg, arf?'., adv.; also gusl: — speedy; 
quick. 



cuetna 



152 



chadeg 



I 



cuetna, v. <r.;— to tie fast. 

cueyo, n. also agitg^S,: — collar; neck. 

cuidaol inter j.; also adaje! — be careful! 
take care ! beware ! 

cula, V. tr.: — to sift; to put through the 
sieve. 

culebla, n.; also setpieute; tagpapH; 

gulgui]Sg: — ^reptile; eerpent; snake, 
.culeca, n.; also ponedera: — ^brood hen. 

culpable, adj.; also lalat-diyon; £sau: — 
blamable; culpable; guilty; reprehensi- 
ble; deserving censure. 

cultiba, V. tr. :^to cultivate. 

culil, n.; also sirena: — siren; foghorn. 

cumacajat, adv.; also uin§''cacat:— 
gingerly; cautiously; daintily. 

cumacalo, v. tr.^ v. %.; also nlL-calo; 
sottaye: — to slacken; to relax; to 
enervate or to become enervated; to 
effeminate . 

cumaduco, v, i.: — to age; to become old; 
to become childish. 

cuiuati, r, i.: — to shriek; to utter a 
sharp, shrill outcry. 

cuzneja, i'. tr.; also puminiti: — to de- 
plore; to lament over; to commiserate; 
to pity. 

cumequSyau, adj., adv.: — limping, 

cumieta, v. i.: — to pause. 

y cumdinfesat, n.: — penitent. 

cuiu6nfesat, v. i,: — to confess. 

cumot^do y leche: — curdled milk. 

cumple, V. tr.; also consigue: — to fulfill 
a duty; to accomplish; to reach; to 
obtain; to attain; to comply; to conform. 

cumple a&os, n.; also anibetsario:— 
anniversary. 

cumplido, adj., adv.; also fotna&t: — 
punctual; zealous; strict; accurate; 
precise; exact; stern; severe; harsh. 



cumplido gui mUgas&a, n.; also ti&- 

nUbaba; titrinaidute: — allegiance; fi- 
delity to a country, a cause, or to a 
person. 

ctuuplimiento, n.: — compliment; ex- 
pression of courtesy. 

cumticuzmanaf na g3.gl., n.; also ul<i: — 
worm (from cunaf, to crawl). 

y cumficuiiauaf na tinanum: — vine; 
clinging plant. 

cumuentos, u. %.: — to babble; to prattle; 
to utter; to speak; to pronounce; to 
converse; to talk familiarly. 

cumuentos 4gang^ also gagag; cu<» 
muentos chadeg pat t&esus- 
tansia: — to gabble; to chatter. 

cmnuentos 6'cacat; also gofiggoflg: — 
to murmur; to whisper; to rattle. 

cumuleca, v. i.: — to brood; to incubate. 

cumuupapas, v. %.; also compas: — to- 
gesticulate while speaking. 

cuna, n.: — crib; child's bed; rack 
manger. 

cuna, n.: — wedge. 

cuna, V. tr.: — to drive in a wedge. 

cufiado, n,; also y quinadti-jo: — 
brother-in-law. 

clinanaf, v. %.; also batsala: — to creep; 
to inove slowly along the ground. 

ctinau (paluman ctinau), n.: — dove; 
ring-dove, 

cura, n.: — rector; curate; clergyman. 

curato, n.- — rectory; parsonage; vicarage. 

curieixte, adj., adv.; also curiente 
cumuentos: — fluent; voluble; elo- 
quent. 

curioso, adj.f adv.; also aberiguadot; 
gamamaisen: — inquisitive; curious. 

cuyuntura, n.: — ^joint or link of a 
machine. 



Ch. 



cha, n.: — tea. 

cha- (or acha-; cha-ungag): — prefix, in- 
dicating equality; equal in weight. 

chabS,, r. tr.: — to snub; to treat with de- 
signed contempt; to interrupt; to con- 
tradict some one. n 

chabai, v. tr.; also op one; rechasa; 
resiste: — to resist; to oppo.se. 

chaca, n.: — rat (the brown, or Norway, 
rat). 

ch&ca, V. tr., v. %.; also na-chacS,; julog; 
majlog: — to snap; to break short or 
instantaneously; to crack. 

ch.ac^, V. i.: — to titter; to chuckle; to 
crackle (the bones of a joint). 

ch4can dfquiqui, n.:— 'mouse (small rat). 

chacha^ arf?,, adv.: — affected; elegant; 
foppish. 

ch&cliabai, adj., adv.; also opdpone; 
rech&chasa: — resisting; opposing; re- 
fractory. 

chachag, n.: — saw; cutting steel instru- 
ment with a toothed edge. 



chachag, v. tr,: — to saw; to cut with a 
saw; to cut. 

chachag maiiise, v. tr., n.: — rip saw. 

chS,chagS,, n.: — upper part of the thigh; 
shank; thigh. 

cliachalane, v. tr.; also dirije; ffi.na''- 
giie: — to give advice: to give counsel ;^ 
to lead; to guide; to instruct; to teach; 
to exemplify; to illustrate by example. 

ch&chalapon chgtnot, n.; also tan- 
mo: — infection; taint; infectious dis- 
ease. 

ch.achalon, n.: — greaves of bacon. 

chachaot, adj.; also chaot; ti sina; 
chatsa^a: — prohibited ; impossible ; 
impracticable. 

chS.chatjinaso, adj.^ adv.; also plnala- 
lala; l'{Uujan; escrupuloso: — anxious; 
scrupulous. 

chachatlamen, n.; also contrario; eni- 
mlgo: — op'ponent; adversary. 

chada, n.: — egg. 

chadeg, arf?'., adv.; also gusl: — speedy; 
quick. 



chadeg 



153 



ch§.tjiila 



chadeg, n.; also pinalltlala:— haste; 

celerity; speed. 
chadegfia, adv.; also gusefLa; mas 
bien: — rather; sooner; more willingly, 
chadeg: ^la mafiUa, n.; also ma^H 

ensi^uidaa: — flash; sudden, quick, 

transitory blaze of light, 
chadig, adj., adv. {see cliadeg): — prompt; 

agile; quick, 
chaflaqufe, n.: — udder of the cow. 
chaflileg, v. tr.; also tajleg: — to twist a 

rope on the rope walk; to make a rope; 

to swing. 
chafleg^ adj., adv.; also chatguiya; — 

very sick; dying. 
chafleg, V. i.; chaflig: — to be dying; to 

be deathly sick, 
chaflilig, V. tr.; also chaftilalag;-T-to 

turn; to twist. 
chagchag, v. i.: — to dawn; to begin to 

grow light. 
chag6, adj., adv.; also distS-nsia: — 

distant; far; far off. 
chagd jalom, n.; also sau jalum na 

patte gui tand; jalum tand: — 

interior; inland, 
chagdna, adj.: — further; more distant. 
chagua, v. tr.: — to weaken the fire by 

banking or by covering with leaves, 
chdgua, V. tr.; also fa,-chalan: — to make 

room. 
chfi-'guan, n.;— lawn; a plot of grass kept 

closely mown; grass; plant; shrub 

(dlquiqut na clasen trongco). 
chS.gua, V. tr.; also sujaye: — to avoid, 
chague, v. ir.; also tamtam; also written 

chagui {see ensayo; tienta; tafi&):— 

to sample; to taste food. 
chaicague, v. %.; also fedos; — to scram- 
ble; to clamber with the hands and 

feet. 
chajlaO) v. tr., v. %.; also mantiene; 

also icritten chajiau:^— to catch; to 

soize; to grip; to grasp. 
chS-jlau, V. tr.; also jacot: — to receive; to 

catch; to seize. 
chacb.alam.cham, n.: — ^utterer; stam- 
merer, 
chalaiulam 1). i.; also ach6tgu.e: — to 

twinkle; to blink; to wink, 
chalan, n.; also rumho; cutso; caye 

(from calle, 5p.:)— street; way; road; 

route; journey; march. 
chalaocliao ni janum:— to flush; to 

clean out with a rush of water, 
chalapujti, v. tr,: — to diffuse; to scatter; 

to disseminate; to strew asunder; to 

spread abroad (rumors, etc.). 
chalapun, p. p.: — divulged; difiEused. 
chalauchau, v. tr.; also ye^yoiT|; 

laulau:— to vibrate; to move back 

and forth; to shake. 
chaleco, n.: — vest; waistcoat, 
chaleg, V. i.: — to laugh. 
chaleg, adj., adv.; also machaleg; 

bastos: — stubborn; coarse. 



chaleg, n.; also written chalig: — laugh- 
ter. 

chalSjgulL, V. tr.; also chalauchau: — 
to stir up ; to move ; to set in motion, 

chatlil, V. tr.; also lalatde: — to nag: to 
scold; to find fault with continually. 

chambra, n.; also chininan patgon: — 
the short shirt worn in Guam by 
children, 

chanapan, n.:- — scow; large, flat-bot- 
tomed boat with square ends. 

ch&nxo:— -do not {the Latin noli). 

chancletas, n.: — slippers. 

chancocha, v. tr,: — to boil in water. 

chari^ca, v.. tr.: — to carry suspended 
from the shoulder, without a carrying 
stick. 

changco, adj., n.: — bowlegged; person 
with crooked legs. 

cbanda, v. tr.; also sacude: — to cast off; 
to shake off; to repel; to cast off to one 
side. 

chanda, v. tr.; also totpe: — to nudge; 
to touch gently (as with the elbow). 

chansa, n,; also 6setan: — joke; jeat. 

chansero, n.; also numa,chaleg; nu- 
m&n&chaleg:— jester; joker; wag; 
merry fellow. 

chapag, V. it.; also jala papd,: — to take 
down; to snatch down; to draw down;. 
to pull down. 

chapun, v.. tr.; also chalapun; despet- 
dfsia; nS,-f alingo: — to waste; to scatter ; 
to destroy; to squander. 

chapusero, n.; also tracachero: — ^bun- 
gler; dabbler. 

chaqueta, n.; also chaleco; — jacket. 

charera, n.: — earthenware teapot. 

chasco, n.; also mam.abababa: — 
knavery; cheating; swindling. 

chataan, adj.: — rainy; rainy season (Ian 
uchanan). 

chita&n, n.; also pagyo:— storm. 

chatan., adj., arftJ.;— particular; distinct 
from others; individual. 

chat-ante, n.: — bad spirit. 

ch^tao, adj.: — selfish; egotistical (de- 
masiao jagoflien mg.isa gut). 

chatcuentos, v. i.; also ti compren- 
diyon: — to gibber; to speak incoher- 
ently. ^ 

chat-gufi-iya, v. tr.; also maffi-jiyung;. 
f aichanag:— ito despise; to slander. 

chatgue, v. tr.; also butlea: — to talk 
about the faults of others; to ridicule 
some one (ga cumuentos pot otro 
t&otao). 

chatgiiiya^ adj., adv.: — dying; very sick. 

chatgiii^a, adj., adv.; also chafleg: — 
very sick; dying. 

chat-ilo, adj., adv.; also atagtag: — ^hard- 
headed; stubborn; perverse. ^ 

ch&tjinalum, n.; also minat&pang: — 
vexation; anger; ill-humor. 

chfi-t-jinenggue, n.; also aupertisidn: — 
superstition. 

ch&tjula, V. %.; also ch&t fanjula:— to^ 
swear falsely; to commit perjury. 



<jJiaUjI 



154 



cMjit 



ch&tllt, n.; also ense^das na ina- 

tan: — glimpse; a transient view. 

ch.atU£, V. tr.: — to abhor; to hate; to 
detest. 

chatli-iyon, n.; also chiuatlil:— hatred; 
aversion; hostility. 

'chatmafan^'giie na taotao, n.: — cad; 
vulgar; ill-bred fellow. 

<:hat manjula, v. i,: — to perjure; to swear 
falsely. 

^hatmasa, adj.^ adv.; also matH; ti 
sasacaat— immature; not ripe; not 
fully developed or grown; crude. 

ch&tnxata, arf^'./^shortsighted, 

ch^tpltgo, adj,, ndv,; also desabrido; ti 
guaiyayon: — disagreeable; hateful; re- 
pugnant; offensive; highly distasteful; 
ugly; repellent. 

chatpayon, adj., adv.; also petbetso; 
escandaloso: — infamous; wicked ; prof- 
ligate. 

-chatsaga, adj,; also ti sifla; chaot; 
ch^chaot; ngiin£Lse; XLd.inaa&d; tang- 
siy on: — impossible ; impracticable ; 
captious; critical; despicable; pitiful; 
miserable. 

cliS,taaga, v. tr.; also ti capas; tumSi- 
fuetsa; ti sumifka: — to incapacitate; to 
render unfit or incapable; to disable. 

cMttand, adj.; also ti f&fa£Lago: — 
barren; unfruitful. 

chattau, adj.^ adv.; also latga; nieB<- 
quino: — stingy; avaricious. 

ch.S,uchau, v. ir.;— to stir; to shake. 

cli&uch.au, n.: — stormy sea; high em- 
bankment. 

ch5.ul§, V. i.: — to undulate; to move 
with wavelike motion; to heave; to 
swing the rod. 

chebang, v. tr.: — to chop off; to break off. 

chebot, n.:— fat man. 

chebot, adj.; also yomog: — fat; corpu- 
lent; fleshy. 

chechet, v. tr.: — to call attention to. 

checlidtan, n.;aZso pecadot; y umHsao; 
chichi tan: — sinner. 

ch.6chijet, adj.; also mangofli^: — well- 
meaning; benevolent; well disposed 
toward some one. 

checho, n.: — boundary. 

chSchdo4nai; fS,tina3 yan xnatll na 
materi&t, v. tr.; also znaxHifactura: — 
to manufacture; to fabricate from raw 
materials. 

chechd coznunidfi.d, n.: — socage; com- 
pelled labor. 

chef chef, v. tr.: — to cut off; to break off 
(the limb of a tree). 

chefla, V. tr,y v. %.; — tf) whistle with the 
lips, 

chegcheg, v. ir.;— to gnash the teeth. 

cb.egcheg, n.: — noise (of breaking wood). 

«hegld} n.; also saqui; ladr6n: — robber; 
thief. 

chegl3, n.; also f&fababa; tramposo; 
p^ach&: — swindler ; r<^ue . 

chdlo, n.; ch4la: — ^brother; aieter. 

chenche, n.; — bedbug. 



chefigle, V. tr.: chingle:— to appropri- 
ate something not one's own; to take 
for one's own something belonging to 
another or others. 

cheop, n.: — local name for % small 
basket usually made for carrying on 
the back. 

chepchoplinai, n . : — quicksand . 

chequero, n.: — sty; a pen or inclosure 
for swine; pigsty; hogj)en. 

ch^tan, V, i,: — to be in error; to be 
mistaken. 

chStnot^ V. tr.; also fafletnot; nft- 
fa£letnpt:~to wound; to hurt; to 
damage. 

ch^tnot, n.; also minalango; defecto; 
jerida: — sickness; illness; defect; sore; 
wound; abscess. 

chdtnot, n.; also e^ug; puti;— pain; 
intense pain, especially referring to 
thrust wounds, cuts, etc. 

ch^tnot diquiqui, n,; — fistula; small 
chronic abscess. 

ch^tnot estdmago, n,; — dyspepsia; in- 
digestion. 

chStnot gui tomates ag^ga^ n.; — 
tonsilitis; inflammation of the tonsils. 

chStnot lasarinOj n.: — leprosy. 

chetnudan, adj.: — wounded. 

chSton, adj., adv.: — connected. 

chiton, V. i.: — to stick fast; to come in 
touch with. 

chiba, n.: — goat. 

chichi, V. %.; maptS.: — to explode; to 
burst. 

chieheria, n.; also jogueter—gewgaws. 

chicherico, adj., adv.: — vain. 

chichirica, n.; — vernacular name for the 
fan-tailed flycatcher, a pretty little 
bird which follows one along the road 
and spreads its tail as though wishing 
to attract attention. 

chi''chitun, ti.; — vernacular name for the 
prickly chaff -flower, a shrubby weed, 
quite troublesome in Guam, on account 
of the property of the fruit to stick to 
the clothing, its name signifying tick. 

chicherico^ adj.; also mamuda: — dressed 
up; dolled up (referring to women). 

cMchula, adj., adv.; also caprichoso; — 
humorsome; capricious. 

chico, V. tr.: — to kiss. 

chigandd) v. %.; also chinigandd: — ^to 
smoke a pipe. 

chigandd, n.: — smoker's pipe. 

chigandd ptau^ n.; also tub on piau: — 
reed pipe; bamboo pipe. 

cMgd niyog, n.: — coconut milk. 

chigftan, n.; also janum mad,sen: — salt 
broth; brine; pickle. 

chiguet, n.: — ^tweezers. 

chiguet, V. tr,: — to crowd together; to 
compress; to stifle; to crush; also 
opTixne; catgaye: — to subdue; to re- 
press; to keep down; to suppress. 

chi, n.: — end; border. 

chijit, V. i.; also jumijot; subida: — to 
approach; to draw nearer. 



chijit 



155 



ckucliacd 



chijit, adj.: also arimao; chSchijet: — 
affectionate; well disposed toward some 
one. 

chil^ papet, n.; also luensajero: — 
messenger. 

chilin-carapana,n./ panag-caznpana: — 
clapper of a bell. 

chiloi^f adj.: — proportional; equal; uni- 
form; of like measure. 

chiminea, n.: — chimney; also firii^ hole 
of a gun. 

chm, n.; also oriya; canto: — border; end. 

china, adj.: — Chineae. 

chin&-ungafi^, n.; — balance; perfect 
equality of two weights; equipoise; 
equilibrium. 

chinabd., n.; also inopone; nirechaaa; 
reaistSnsia: — resistance ; opposition. 

chinab&, n.; also dinisatiende: — snub; 
an intended slight. 

ehinachag, n.; also sis©; sinise: — slash; 
a long cut. 

chln&chat-jlnaso, n.:— qualm of con- 
science. 

chinad^, n./ — inguinal rupture. 

chinadeg, n.: — speed; velocity; swift- 
ness; quickness. 

chinagd, adj., adv.; also mgiisa; estrafio; 
solo: — remote; isolated; solitary; lone- 
some; secluded. 

chinague, n.; also ecsanien: — exami- 
nation; test; trial. 

chinatUi, n.: — loathing; disgust; nausea. 

chinat nxanjula, n.;— perjury. 
; chinatao, n.; also codisia:— selfishness; 
niggardliness; avarice. 

chinatliS, n,; also 6dio; inS,chatli§ :— 
spite; ill will or hatred toward another; 
enmity. 

china tlig, n.: — hatred; dislike; odium, 
hinatsaga, n,; also atboroto; ti 
sumifka; inconbeni6nsia; — trouble; 
distress; worry; inconvenience; unfit- 
ness; troublesomeness; disadvantage. 

chin&ttao, n,; also escasSs; defecto: — 
deficiency; defect; want; lack. 

chinchulS, n,; also chinchulii; cuen- 
tos: — speech; talk; discourse; gossip; 
narration; oration. 

chinchulo, n..- — dragnet. 

chinfi^'g^e, n,; also obra; chinSgUe; 
fbn^tina^; nin&juyong; chdchd: — 
work, 

chinemS., n.; also choml.; templansa: — 
temperance; continence; abstinence; 
diet. 

7 chinemS. maisa; also jinilat m&isa; 
punen m&isa: — self-control ; s e 1 f - 
denial. 

chinenchon, v. %.; also fatn&-chen- 
chon: — to build a nest. 

chinepchop, v. tr.: also pinaflot; none; 
lumos:— to merge; to absorb; to swal- 
low up. 

chinepchop, v. tr,; also jinatme:— to 
saturate; to soak; to imbue. 

chingtan, n.; also inabag; Unache: — 
misunderstanding, 

chinfchiU; also um&chuli: — to resemble. 



chinilS, n.; also rinesibe; resibo; 

acsepta: — receipt; acceptance, 
chinilo]^, n.; also inaya; propotsldn: — 

proportion. 
clunina, n.; also cotad: — bodice; waist; 

overshirt; shirt, 
chiquero, n.: — pen; a small inclosure; 

coop, 
chi^ueron b&bui, n. (see chequero): — 

pigsty; pen for pigs. 
cmsme, n.; also inad&:— defamation; 

slander; bad words; aspersion, 
chispas, n.; — spark. 
ch6ch.d, n.; also obra; chind^'gtte; fiu&- 

tinas; nlii4juyo:[Sg: — work; task; labor; 

toil; exertion; effort. 
chocho, V. tr., v. i.; also cand: — to eat. 
chdchd di&rio, n.: — daily work; daily 

task, 
chdchd'fuetsao, n.; also ch3chd co- 

munid&d: — compelled labor; socage. 
chdchd yindasd: — work of charity. 
chofe, ^. tr.; a/so pdlo-palo: — to hold 

back; to divide off. 
chd^giie, v. tr.; also fatinas; na 

Juyong: — to make; to create; to 

fashion; to fabricate; to work; to per- 
form; to do. 
chd'g^e yan y canai (or c^nae): — to 

manipulate; to operate or work by 

means of the hands. 
chd'griilye, v. tr.; also setbe: — to serve; 

to work or perform duties for; to wait 

on. 
chomd., V. tr.; also julat estotba; 

impide; pruibe; projibe; — to subdue; 

to conquer; to vanquish; to forbid; to 

prevent; to prohibit; to impede; to 

obstruct, 
choma, n.; chlnema: — abstinence; diet; 

continence; temperance, 
chomchom, v. tr.; also n&-boca; anxon- 

tona:— to heap up; to place corn in 

heaps. 
chomchom, adj.; also ti tac^on; ti 

tun&^on; ti jatnxiyon: — impene- 
trable, 
chdme, V. tr.; also n^ye: — to pour; to 

pour in. 
chonchon, n.: — nest. 
choneg, v. tr.; also anima; sdon: — to 

elate; to raise the spirits of. 
choneg, v. tr., v. i.: — to push; to thrust; 

to push away, 
chopchop, V. tr.; also masmas; gui- 

men: — to suck in, drop by drop; to 

sip; to imbibe in small quantities. 
chorisos, n,; — sausage. 
chotda, n.; — banana plant; also banana 

fruit, while yet green. 
chucan, v. %.: — to wallow; to roll one's 

body in the mire. 
chucajQ, V, tr.; also b61enibau: — to rock 

a child in the cradle; to swing; to undu- 
late, 
chuchucd, n„* — vernacular name for a 

shore bird, the reef heron of the Pacific; 

not rare, but wary, and hard to 



chuchubite 



156 



dama 



approach; the white heron is called 

chucliucd &''pacd., the black heron is 

named chuchucd atilong. 
chucubite, n.: — name of a large-sized 

basket. 
chuda (old expression), n.; also faflu- 

d&an: — dust corner. 
chuda\ V. tr.: — to pour out; to spill a 

liquid out of a vessel. 
chuga, i;. tr.; apasSgua; nlL-majgong; 

zia-S''cajat; nd.-quieto: — to make 

peaceful; to give pleasure to; to soften; 

to hush up. 
chugja, adv.: — even, 
chugo, \\ tr.; also alimenta; nft-cho- 
, cho : — to feed ; to nourish ; to support, 
chugo, ?i.: — sap; juice of trees; juice of 

fruits, etc.; pus; matter. 
chug6 niyog, n.: — milk of the coconut, 
chugo susu, n.; leche; — millc. 
chulamchara, n.; also tattaiuudo; ch&~ 

chalamcham: — stammerer; stutterer. 
chtil§, V. tr.: — to get; to obtain; to pro- 
cure; to win; to gain; to acquire; to 

bring; to fetch; to go after and bring, 
chule'guan, l'. tr.; also fan-entayag:— 

to pillage ; to rob ; to plunder; to deprive 

by force; to despoil. 
chiQe^Janau, v. tr.: — to take along. 
chul4^inagui, adv.: — bring hither; bring 

this way (hither; this way: — ^xn^gui; 

giiine magui). 



chiild pot banidl, v. tr.; also chul^ pot 

xnan&e pat pot xnatagd: — to assume; 

to take for granted. 
chule talo, v. tr.: — to regain; to recover 

possession of; to get back . ^ 
chuHon, adj., adv.: — portable, 
chumachansa, arfiJ.;— jokingly; jest- 
ingly; jocosely. 
chmnaieg, v. i.: — to grin; to smile 

broadly. 
chuiualeg jajalum, v. %.; also chumaleg 

dSdesdes: — to snicker; to laugh slyly; 

to giggle. . 
chumiloiSgj adj.: — becoming; seemly; 

proper, 
chuminchulo, v. tr,: — to fish; tQ;fish with 

a dragnet. 
chiunocho-znSgae, v. tr.; also dafl6- 

giie: — to eat immoderately; to consume 

large quantities of food. 
chumupa, v. i.; also clxupa un chi- 

galo: — to smoke a cigar, 
chung^at, v. tr.: — to cut open an animal, 
chuot, V. %,; also padese; puti: — to 

suffer; to feel with a sense of pain. 
chungud, n.: — vernacular name of the 

beautiful snow-white tern, a sea bird. 
chunga§ adj.; chun|fut: — grav (hair). 
chuugui batbas, adj?.;-— gray-bearded, 
chupa, n.: — tobacco; cigar, 
chupon, adj., adv.; also b6gsion; — pale; 

pallid; sallow; wan (of complexion). 



D. 



dacun, n.: — liar; one addicted to lying. 

dacon, adj., adv.; also fatso; mandague; 
da.dague:— false; lying. 

dacot, n.; also vjritten dacod; also atan; 
adagj — knock; below; stroke. 

dacot, n.; also icritten dacod; also atan; 
adag: — to beat on the head (truthful, 
not lying: — ti dadague). 

d§.dalagf n.; also cola: — tail. " 

dadafii&, adj., adv.; also ga niandafi.&; 
gagachoDg: — sociable; companion- 
able; affable. 

d4dangse,n.; — ^bur; burdock. 

dadau, adj. J adv.; also calagtos; didog; 
papagd: — sharp; keen; cutting; 
pointed. 

dadeg, n.: coconut, when small and not 
larger than a betel nut. 

dado, n.: dice. 

dafa, n.: — local name for the parrot fish; 
has large scales and parrotlike beak; its 
color is deep green-blue. 

dafd, adj., adv.; — weak; powerless (re- 
ferring to human being.s only). 

dafao, n.; — local name for the trouble- 
aome and Avidely spread glueweed; the 
root is used medicinally, and in recom- 
mended as a remedy for dropsy and 
asthma. 

d&gao, V. tr.; also &giiet; fagas; zna4- 
chd 3rutd: — to cast; to fling; to throw 
intones.: to Btonp. 



dague, V. i.; also fandague; dague 
fandague; tfisgUe; embostero: — 
to lie; to speak falsely; to deceive. 

dagngas, adj.; also gasgas; catbo: — 
bald; bare. 

dago, n,: — local name for yam; there are 
several varieties in Guam; they form 
one of the principal staples of food, and 
were among the provisions supplied to 
the early navigators visiting the group, 
many of whom designated them as 
batatas, which has led some writers 
to the supposition that sweet potatoes 
were growing on the island before the 
discovery; sweet potatoes, however, 
have no vernacular imme in Guam, be- 
ing called camotes, the name under 
which they are known in Mexico and 
South America; also called gadd and 
nica. 

d&gua, adj.; also atagd,; tizunon-som- 
nap: — sun burned; red. 

dague, V. tr.; also f&baba; esitane: — 
to bluff; to deceive; to cheat; to 
damage. 

d&lalae, adj., adv.; also inoa or ynos: — 
slim; thin; slender (the opposite of 
lod6, thick in circumference). 

d&lalag, V. tr.; also dalalaque; eyag; 
tadtiye:— to imitate; to follow; to 
stick to some one. 

daxna. n.: — the eame of checkers. 



chuchubite 



156 



dama 



approach; the white heron is called 

chucliucd &''pacd., the black heron is 

named chuchucd atilong. 
chucubite, n.: — name of a large-sized 

basket. 
chuda (old expression), n.; also faflu- 

d&an: — dust corner. 
chuda\ V. tr.: — to pour out; to spill a 

liquid out of a vessel. 
chuga, i;. tr.; apasSgua; nlL-majgong; 

zia-S''cajat; nd.-quieto: — to make 

peaceful; to give pleasure to; to soften; 

to hush up. 
chugja, adv.: — even, 
chugo, \\ tr.; also alimenta; nft-cho- 
, cho : — to feed ; to nourish ; to support, 
chugo, ?i.: — sap; juice of trees; juice of 

fruits, etc.; pus; matter. 
chug6 niyog, n.: — milk of the coconut, 
chugo susu, n.; leche; — millc. 
chulamchara, n.; also tattaiuudo; ch&~ 

chalamcham: — stammerer; stutterer. 
chtil§, V. tr.: — to get; to obtain; to pro- 
cure; to win; to gain; to acquire; to 

bring; to fetch; to go after and bring, 
chule'guan, l'. tr.; also fan-entayag:— 

to pillage ; to rob ; to plunder; to deprive 

by force; to despoil. 
chiQe^Janau, v. tr.: — to take along. 
chul4^inagui, adv.: — bring hither; bring 

this way (hither; this way: — ^xn^gui; 

giiine magui). 



chiild pot banidl, v. tr.; also chul^ pot 

xnan&e pat pot xnatagd: — to assume; 

to take for granted. 
chule talo, v. tr.: — to regain; to recover 

possession of; to get back . ^ 
chuHon, adj., adv.: — portable, 
chumachansa, arfiJ.;— jokingly; jest- 
ingly; jocosely. 
chmnaieg, v. i.: — to grin; to smile 

broadly. 
chuiualeg jajalum, v. %.; also chumaleg 

dSdesdes: — to snicker; to laugh slyly; 

to giggle. . 
chumiloiSgj adj.: — becoming; seemly; 

proper, 
chuminchulo, v. tr,: — to fish; tQ;fish with 

a dragnet. 
chiunocho-znSgae, v. tr.; also dafl6- 

giie: — to eat immoderately; to consume 

large quantities of food. 
chumupa, v. i.; also clxupa un chi- 

galo: — to smoke a cigar, 
chung^at, v. tr.: — to cut open an animal, 
chuot, V. %,; also padese; puti: — to 

suffer; to feel with a sense of pain. 
chungud, n.: — vernacular name of the 

beautiful snow-white tern, a sea bird. 
chunga§ adj.; chun|fut: — grav (hair). 
chuugui batbas, adj?.;-— gray-bearded, 
chupa, n.: — tobacco; cigar, 
chupon, adj., adv.; also b6gsion; — pale; 

pallid; sallow; wan (of complexion). 



D. 



dacun, n.: — liar; one addicted to lying. 

dacon, adj., adv.; also fatso; mandague; 
da.dague:— false; lying. 

dacot, n.; also vjritten dacod; also atan; 
adagj — knock; below; stroke. 

dacot, n.; also icritten dacod; also atan; 
adag: — to beat on the head (truthful, 
not lying: — ti dadague). 

d§.dalagf n.; also cola: — tail. " 

dadafii&, adj., adv.; also ga niandafi.&; 
gagachoDg: — sociable; companion- 
able; affable. 

d4dangse,n.; — ^bur; burdock. 

dadau, adj. J adv.; also calagtos; didog; 
papagd: — sharp; keen; cutting; 
pointed. 

dadeg, n.: coconut, when small and not 
larger than a betel nut. 

dado, n.: dice. 

dafa, n.: — local name for the parrot fish; 
has large scales and parrotlike beak; its 
color is deep green-blue. 

dafd, adj., adv.; — weak; powerless (re- 
ferring to human being.s only). 

dafao, n.; — local name for the trouble- 
aome and Avidely spread glueweed; the 
root is used medicinally, and in recom- 
mended as a remedy for dropsy and 
asthma. 

d&gao, V. tr.; also &giiet; fagas; zna4- 
chd 3rutd: — to cast; to fling; to throw 
intones.: to Btonp. 



dague, V. i.; also fandague; dague 
fandague; tfisgUe; embostero: — 
to lie; to speak falsely; to deceive. 

dagngas, adj.; also gasgas; catbo: — 
bald; bare. 

dago, n,: — local name for yam; there are 
several varieties in Guam; they form 
one of the principal staples of food, and 
were among the provisions supplied to 
the early navigators visiting the group, 
many of whom designated them as 
batatas, which has led some writers 
to the supposition that sweet potatoes 
were growing on the island before the 
discovery; sweet potatoes, however, 
have no vernacular imme in Guam, be- 
ing called camotes, the name under 
which they are known in Mexico and 
South America; also called gadd and 
nica. 

d&gua, adj.; also atagd,; tizunon-som- 
nap: — sun burned; red. 

dague, V. tr.; also f&baba; esitane: — 
to bluff; to deceive; to cheat; to 
damage. 

d&lalae, adj., adv.; also inoa or ynos: — 
slim; thin; slender (the opposite of 
lod6, thick in circumference). 

d&lalag, V. tr.; also dalalaque; eyag; 
tadtiye:— to imitate; to follow; to 
stick to some one. 

daxna. n.: — the eame of checkers. 



damd^as 



157 



delisioso 



damagas, n..'~thumb . 

danx^ngg-o, «,..- — Sunday. 

damenggon ramos, n.;— Palm Sunday. 

damenggon pasidn, n.: — Passion Sun- 
day; the fifth Sunday in Lent. 

daiia, adj.f adv.; also .tdia tension; 
taiinadaje; ti y6daje:— inattentive; 
careless ; inadvertent . 

daM, y. it.; also na-daiia:— to mingle; 
to mix; to blend; to compile; to put 
together, 

dafLao, v. tr.: — to damage; to hurt; to 
wound. 

danas, r . tr.: — to press out; to squeeze out. 
^danche, v. tr.; also asodS,: — to find; to 
hit upon; to meet. 

dandan, v. tr.; — to call; to name; to 
knock at the door. 

dandan, v. i.; also dUingding: — to play 
(music); to ring a bell. 

dS-ngculo, adj.; nxauleg; gu4ftao; fS,- 
fata:— gigantic; huge; colossal; lai^e; 
splendid; magnificent; pompous. 

dUngculo na achd: — bowlder; a large 
stone. - 

daflgculo na batcon pat galeria: — 
terrace; large open balcony or gallery. 

dan^culo na lugat; also fedS,; anchb; 
milugat; nia,''guag: — spacious; wide; 
roomy. 

ddfigculo na nesesida, n.; — emergency; 
sadden necessity; strait; crisis. 

dS.ngculo tataotaona, adj.; also lod6; 
yomog: — obese; corpulent; fat. 

dingue, adj., aa'y.;— timid; apprehen- 
sive; cowardly; scrupulous. 

dangues, n./ also candela: — candle. 

dang;ue s- ab e j a, n.; also sera; 
danguis : — beeswax . 

dafiguis, n.; also brea: — rosin; resin; 
rubber, 

danguis sera, n.: — wax candle. 

danglon, w.; — Guam name for a trunk 
iish; its body is without ribs^ inclosed 
by a hard shell compose<i of hexagonal 
plates; has two horns in front and two 
in rear; its color on upper surface is blue, 
spotted with white. 

dangse, v. tr.; also p&lae: — to grease; to 
smear. 

dangson, adj.; also written da^song: — 
sticky; glutinous; resinous. 

dangsong, n.; also fach§: — slime; mud; 
mire; also yeast. 

dailo, n.;— damage; harm; hurt; injury. 

dafi,o, n.; also petjuisio; estotbo; 
molSstia: — nuisance; anything offen- 
sive, injurious, vexatious, or annoying. 

danoso, adj.; camtem; nS.'^tailaye: — 
mischievous; detrimental; hurtful. 

daog, n.; also written dace: — local name 
for the Palo Maria (Sp.) a tree valued 
for its wood, for an aromatic gum which 
exudes from incisions made in its trunk, 
and for a medicinal oil obtained from its 
nuts; its wood is hard, strong, cross- 
grained, and very hard to split; used in 



Guam for the solid wheels of the carts 
drawn by bullocks and carabaos. 

dasai, v. tr.; also trasquila; utot: — to 
shear; to shave; to cut off. 

da tills, n,; also d&tiles: — date; the fruit 
of the date palm. 

debana, v. tr.: — to cut into slices. 

debanada, n.: — thin slice. 

debatde, adv.; also batde: — gratis; gra- 
tuitously; for nothing. 

debit, adj.; also maso^og; yafai: — 
haggard; worn and anxious in appear- 
ance; lean and hollow-eyed; infirm; 
faint; weak; puny; feeble; languid; 
wanting energy; depressed. 

deb6tsia, v. tr; also umayuti, dibfitsia; 
debtitsia: — to divorce; to dissolve mar- 
riage contract by legal authority. 

debosi6n, n.; also dineboto: — piety; de^ 
votion. 

deboto, adj., adv.; also religioso; 
nainijengu© para yuus; jonggue: — 
pious; religious; devout. 

debuena boluntEd: — willingly; of a free 
will. 

debuetta, n.; also ninS-lo; apas: — resti- 
tution; compensation; amends. 

declara, v. %.; also n3,-claruye: — to de- 
clare. 

decreta, v. tr.; also otdena: — to decree; 
to prescribe; to ordain; to dispose. 

decreto, n.; also jinaso; juJsio; minSj- 
nalom: — decree; sentence; judgment. 

d§dego, n.; also tacon: — heel, 

dedsiplina, n..-— -discipline; education; 
military regulation. 

defecto, n.: — fault; slight offense; blem- 
ish. 

defens6t, n.; defender; protector; guard- 
ian. 

deftende, n.: — vindication; defense; sup- 
port by proof. 

defiende, v. tr.; also sin3,giiS: — to de- 
fend; to guard; to protect; shelter. 

defiende jafana rason, v. tr.: — to allege 
to affirm; to a^ert, 

definision, n.; also pinild.: — definition; 
brief description. 

dego, V. i.; — to tiptoe; to raise one's self 
on the tips of the toes. 

degiieya, v. tr.: — to behead. 

degula, n.; also gula; sin modera- 
sidn: — ^intemperance ; immoderation. 

deja, v., i.; also dumeja:— to crouch; to 
sit on the haunches. 

dejao, adj.; also nxaguem; znichd: — 
poor; needy; abandoned. 

delicao, adj., adv.; also pachang: — 
tender. 

deXetrea, v. tr.: — spell; to name the let- 
ters in a word consecutively: 

delicadesa, n.; also presisidn; fastidi- 
oso; — nicety; precision; fastidiousness; 
delicacy. 

delisioso, adj., adv.; also manngul: — 
delicious; exquisite; highly pleasing to 
the senses, taatu, or mind. 



demanda 



158 



desea 



demanda, v. tr.:— to demand; to ask in a 
peremptory manner. 

dexnandaddt, n.; aho acusad6t:— - 
plaintiff; one who commences a suit in 
a court of law. 

demasi&o, adj., adv.; also sosobla; 
s6sobla:— superfluous; beyond meas- 
ure. 

demdrdo, n.; also magngamte: — de- 
mon; evil spirit; devil. 

dengcot, v. fr., v. %.; also s@sS; dosug; 
dulug; — to peck; to stab; to pierce; to 
stick. 

dentro, adv., prep.; also jalum; san 
jaluza: — in; within; inside. 

d§on, V. &.; aho jofid: — to squeeze; to 
pinch; to tweak. 

dependiente, adj.; also g^6 papa: — sub- 
ordinate; inferior in rank, power, or po- 
sition. 

deposit a, v. tr.: — to deposit; to put into 
the bank. 

dep6sito, n.: — depot; warehouse. 

dep6siton janum, n.: — reservoir; water 
reservoir. 

depots! ma-jasuye, adj., adv.; also 
jasn^on; adrede: — designed; inten- 
tional; premeditated. 

depots! taibatbas, adj.; also lampiflo: — 
beardless. 

depotsijS., adv.; also naturatxnente; 
naturalmente (Sp.) : — naturally . 

derechos, n.; also apas; aduana: — fees; 
dutie?; customs duties; taxes. 

derechon aduanas, n.: — customs duties; 
taxes. 

derepente, adj., adi .; also eimigxiid&B: — 
abrupt; sudden. 

deroga, i. tr.; also rebuelbe; cansela; 
na,nalo y iinij6; yulang:— to abolish; 
to dimiuiph; to revoke; to withdraw; to 
countermand; to dismiss. 

desabrido, adj., adv.; also ch^tp&go: — 
tasteless; offensive; repugnant. 

desafte, r. tr.: — to unroof (a house). 

desaguadero, n.: — gewer system; sewer- 
a<^e ('canat pat tubo &nae sina man 
ma lolof an sija anf agas pat jaf a mas 
na inaplach^). 

desampara, v. tr.; also dingo: — to leave 
behind; to quit; to forsake; to desert; to 
abandon; to leave. 

desanggra, v. tr.: — to let blood; to tap 
V>lood . 

desaparejo, v. tr.: — to unsaddle; to un- 
bar ne.sn. 

deaa.patta, v. tr.; aho dibide; pabn^as; 
patte: — to separate; to sunder; to 
diviflo; to cut into parts. 

desaplicao, adj., adv.; also gagd: — in- 
dolent; lazy. 

desaprueba^ v. (r..— to disapprove; to 
dcno\in<e; to censure; to condemn; to 
reprove. 

desapruebao, n.: — reprobate; a profli- 
gate pen-on. 
desareglao, n,; — disorder. 



desareglao, adj., adv.; also aan|:gano; 
taimoderasion: — dissolute ; licentious ; 
irregular; disorderly; confused; im- 
moderate; extravagant; intemperate. 

desase, v. tr.; deshase; also yul%ng: — to 
destroy; to demolish; to ruin. 

desatento, adj., arfy.; aiso bruto; t&ires- 
peto; bastos: — ^rude; rough; inatten- 
tive; irreverent; disrespectful. 

desatiende, v, tr.; also descuida: — ^to 
ilight; to neglect 

desbetga, v. tr.: — to violate; to injure. 

desca, v. tr.; afeo bofetada: — to box on 
the ear. 

descalintao, adj.; also majanguS: — 
stale; not fresh; vapid; tasteless. 

descansa, v. %.; also xn&igd: — to rest; to 
repose. 

descanso, n.; also allbio; niajgon|;: — 
relief; mitigation; alleviation. 

descanaon y ch€ch6, n.: — ^recreation; 
amusement; refreshment after toil. 

descarao, adj., adv.; also t&imamajlau; 
sdguat; matatnga; atotgante: — 
shameless; audacious; insolent; bold. 

descatga, v. tr.: — to unload; to dis- 
charge. 

desclaba^ v. tr.: — to pull nails. 

deseo, n.; also zninalagd: — choice; de- 
sire; power or right of choice; selection; 
option. 

deBcolorao, adj.; also bdgaiou: — ghastly; 
deathlike; pale. 

desconilansa, n.; also suspecho: — sus- 
picion; mistrust. 

descubre, v. tr.; also nS,-txingd: — to dis- 
cover; to disclose; to reveal; to make 
plain or evident; to explore. 

descuenta, v. tr.: — to withdraw; to 
draw off. 

descuida, n.: — ^heedlessness ; carelessness ; 
recklessness. 

descuida, v. tr.; also desatiende; 
chatlid: — to neglect; to slight. 

descuidao, adj., adv.; also ti y6daje; 
t§,iluadaje : — inadvertent ; heedless ; 
careless; unconscious; dejao; flojo; 
niam.61o; — slovenly; tarrying; per- 
functory ; done carelessly . 

descuidao, n,; aho descuida: — reck- 
lessness; heedlessness; carelessness. 

descuidao^ conj.; descuidau; also sin 
eso; sin enau: — -regardless of that; 
notwithstanding. 

desde, prep.: — from (a 'given time until 
now); since; hence; from this place, 
source, or time; in consequence of this. 

desde antes; also abmanx; jagas: — 
since olden times. 

desde este , jasta : — from 

here to . 

deede ngfi-ianP — since when? 

desdichao, adj., adv.;— unfortunate; un- 
happy. 

desea, adj.^ adv.; aho j4malagd; j&- 
mandesea: — wistful; pensive. 

desea, v. tr.; aho mialagd; tanfig'a: — to 
desire; to want; to crave; to wish. 



desecha 



159 



dialecto 



desecha, v. tr.; also yut6 or yutl:— to 
spurn; to throw away; to cast away; 
to repudiate. 

desembatga, v. tr.; also desembatca: — 
to disembark. 

desempeHa, v. tr.: — to provide for; to 
care for; to unfold; to develop; to put 
in use. 

desendSnaia, n.; also tUtate: — tissue; 
progeny; posterity (y fin&pos pat 
minalofan). 

desendiente, n.: — successor; offspring; 
patgon:— child. 

desente, adj., adv.; also ^aag^as; ho- 
nesto asentado:^-decent: clean; neat; 
decorous; of proper bearing; agreeable; 
pleasir^. 

desenteresao, adj., adv.; also ti 
ch.a tab : — unselfish ; disinterested . 

desenuebe, adv.; dies y nuebe: — ^nine- 
teen. 

deseoso, adj., adv.: — desirous. 

desesperao, adj., adv.; also tdininaiSg^- 
ga: — desperate; hopeless. 

desfaborable, adj.: — ominous; fore- 
boding evil; inauspicious. 

desiigura, v. tr.; also nil-chlltpd'g'o: — 
to disfigure; to deform; to distort; to 
deface. 

desflgurado, adj.: — disfigured. 

desfila, V. i.: — to pass by (speaking of a 
parade or procession passing by). 

desgrasia, n.; also dineshoura; casua- 
lidM; in.alg; acsidente:— misfor- 
tune; calamity; disaster; mishap; 
shame; dishonor; disgrace; accidental 
event; accident; casualty, or accident 
resulting in bodily injury or death. 

desgrasiao, adj., adv.; a?sopoble; ma- 
gueiu: — poor; needy; miserable. 

deshase, v. tr.; also yulaflg: — to de- 
stroy; to ruin; to demolish. 

desbereda, v. tr.; also amot nt y 
her^nsia: — to disinherit. 

deshonesto, adj.: — unbecoming; im- 
pure; indecorous; indecent. 

deshonra, v. tr.; also fatso; alg; nS,- 
al6; n^-maX%; na-taifama: — to de- 
fame; to bring disgrace upon; to insult; 
to injure the good name; to dishonor. 

desietto, n.: — desert. 

deside, v. tr.:— to decide; to bring to an 
issue; to resolve. 

desimat, n.: — decimal; pertaining to or 
based upon the number 10; decimal 
fraction. 

dSsimo, adv.: — tenth. 

desinteresao, adj., a(fy.,'— disinterested; 
unselfish, 

desisidn, n.; also resoluai6n: — resolu- 
tion; reablve. 

desjilachas, v. *r.:— to unravel. 

de&minuye, v. tr.,— to decimate; ts de- 
stroy a large proportion of. 

desmonta^ v. tr.: — ^to clear (a freld of 
trees or stumps) ; to cut down (a wood) ; 
to root out the forest. 

desocupao, adj.: — ^unoccupied; idle 



despabila, v. tr.: — to awake to the reason. 

despacha, v. tr.; also despide: — to dis- 
charge; to disband; to dismiss; to re- 
voke; to countermand. 

desparaddt, n.: — trigger of a gun. 

desparate, n.; also matdisidu:— curse ; 
oath. 

deBp&sio, adj.y adv.; also 6'cajat: — lin- 
gering; slow. 

despega, v. tr.; also faiseixaine: — to re- 
move; to peel (meat from the bone). 

despenaa, v. tr.; also asii; nft-para; 
sotta: — to waive; to give up a claim; 
to forego. 

despetdteia, v. tr.; also chapun; chala- 
pun; n&-falixLgo: — to squander; to 
waste; to scatter; to destroy. 

despetdlsiaoj adj., adv.: — squandering; 
lavish; prodigal. 

despetdisio, n.: — lavishness; prodigal- 
ity; squandering. 

des{)rebemdo, adj.; also ti-preparao; ti 
Iflisto:— unprepared; not ready. 

desprSsia, v. tr.; also inguin; inguen:— 
to disdain; to censure; to deprecate. 

despresiable, adj., adv.; also totpe: — 
disgraceful; dissolute. 

despresiao, adj., adv.; also tagpap^; 
tg,isetbe: — base; abject; vile; mean- 
spirited. 

despresiao, adj., adv.;— mean-spirited; 
base; abject; vile. 

deaprgsio, n.; also linetgue; finijd 
xnattrato; insutto; butla; minefea; 
mof a:— contempt; disdain; scorn; 
abuse; invective. 

despues, adj.: — subsequent; after; next, 

deapues, adv.; also entonses: — there- 
upon; thereafter; afterwards; then. 

deaqulta^ v. tr.; also binenga: — to re- 
taliate; to return by giving like for like. 

destempla, y. tr., v. i.: — to get out of 
tune (referring to a musical instrument) . 

deatilado, v. tr.: — to banish; to expel 
from the country. 

destilado, n.: — outcast; one who is 
driven or cast out; an exile. 

destilipas, v. tr.: — to gut; to eviscerate. 

destina, v. tr.; also detetrnina; na- 
j4nao; janao; famHuleg: — to direct; 
to designate; to conclude; to determine; 
to destine; to order, 

destinao, adj., adv.: — fateful; possessing 
fatal powers; fatal. 

destine, n.: — fate; destiny. 

destotniyad6t, n.: — screw driver. 

destrosa, v. tr.; also nH-falingo: — to 
annihilate; to destroy. 

detetrnina, v. tr.: — to determine; to 
direct; to destine. 

detiene, v. tr.; also tetatda; n&- 
atrasao:^— to hold back; to keep; to 
postpone; to retard. 

di^liflo; magfiganiti, ti..* — devil. 

di^onOf n.: — deacon. 

dialectoj n.: — dialect; idiom; the pe- 
culiar manner in which a language is 
spoken in a district. 



diamante 



160 



dingo 



diamante , n . ; — diamond . 

diametro, n.; also inanchon y sxt- 

culo: — diameter. 
diSxio, adj.y adv.: — daily; occumng each 

guccessive day. 
dibe, n.;— debt; that which is due from 
one person to another; also cuenta; 
factura: — invoice; bill; score; account, 
dibe, V. %.; also man-dibe: — to be in debt, 
dibe, adj.:— due; owed or o\ving; payable. 
dibetsi6n, n.: — diversion; enter- 
tainment, 
dibettido, adj., adv.; also n&'magof; 
magof; najong: — cheerful; delighted; 
jovous; merry; gay. 
dibide, v. tr.; also desapatta: — to sever; 

to sunder; to divide; to separate. 
dibidiyon, orf;., arfy.;— divisible; partible, 
dibino, n.; also sabidot:— diviner; for- 
tune teller. 
dibisi6n, n.; also fina,cai; mafacai: — 

division; partition. 
dibujo, n.; also piano: — plan; drawing; 

sketch . 
dicha, n.; also suette:— luck; casual 

event or accident. 
dichoso, adj., adv.; also felis; fottunao; 
guefsaga: — ^lucky; blessed; fortunate; 
successful. 
dic8ioii§,rio, n.; — dictionary; vocabu- 

larv, 
dicta, V. tr.:~~io dictate; to prescribe. 
dicta, V. i.: — to express orally words to be 

taken down in writing. 
Ididefiende, n.; also guxgogUe:— me- 
' diator; advocate. 
didescubre, adj., adv.; also grasioso: — 

inventive; witty; ingenious; clever. 
y dideshonra, n.; deshonradot; calum- 
niaddt; enredad6t:— slanderer; ca- 
lumniator; rfi viler, 
didibe, v. tr.; also dibe: — to owe; to be 

indebted; to be in debt. _ 

didid^, adj., adv.; also canli ti najongr — 
scant; scarcely sufficient; little; not 
much. 
didinag, ti..-— ]iara«ite; spon^'er. ^ 
y didirije, n..-— guidance; direction, 
didog, ridj., adv.: — precipitate; steep. 
didog, ?i.,-— ?teep declivity; almost per- 
pendicular slope. 
didog agaga,na, adj.; also agag^:— 

pcarlct; of a bright red color, 
didog jinasoiia, adj., adv.; also luch6: — 

acute; ingenious; sensible, 
diente, n.: — tooth; prong. 
dies, adc: — ten. 
dies afios siguido, n.: — decade; ten 

consecutive vears. 
diestro cumalamten, adj., adv.; also 
grasioso; luchd; ingenioso; listo 
man jaao; gust man inbenta: — in- 
goniou?i; inventive; clever, 
dieta, n.: — diet, 
diferSnsia, n.: — difference, 
diferente, ac/?..— other; different; con- 
trary. 



diferentes, adj.; also tSiachaigua; ti 

umaya; distinto: — various; different; 

diverse, 
difi-cuttad, n.; also minapot^ — difficulty. 
diles, V. tr.; also igue:—to sijrpass; to 

excel; to overtop, 
dilili^, n.;— handle; hook; ring; ear. 
diliiing, v. tr.:— to carry suspended from 

the hand . 
dilog, adv.; also diunilog:— upside down. 



dilog, V. tr.; also baja; tecon:— to in- 
cline; to bend down; to take down; to 
tilt. 
dil-dbio, n.: — deluge; inundation, 
dime, v. i,:~'to bend the knees; to kneel. 
dinague, n.; also mandague; dague; 
dinague; j)adagdag; finS-baba;— lie; 
deceit; denial, 
dinagngas, n.: — bald spot on the head. 
din&lalag, n.: — imitation; a^so ineyag: — 

education. 
dinamo electrisida, n.: — electric dy- 
namo, 
dinaiia, n.: — mixture; blend, 
dinanai, n.; also basio:— siding; turnout 

on the road. 
dinaitgculo, n.; also giiinatbo; min&- 

lag:— splendor; pomp; magnificence. 
dinanche, adj.; also mauleg; jus to; 
magajet:— right; just; truthful; cor- 
rect; fit; true, 
dinasai-maquiniya, v. tr.: — to clip; to 

cut with the shears or scissors. 
dinebit, n.; also linache:— failing; a 

fault; weakness; imperfection, 
d^eclara, n.; also declarasi6n: — decla- 
ration; assertion; publication. 
dinecd, w.:— growth; increase; progress. 
dinemanda, n.; also queja: — suit; proc- 
ess at law. . 
dinemd, n.: — a blow with the fist; a curi. 
dinefigdong, ri.; also gotpe: — blow; 

stroke; knock. 
dineposita, v. tr.; also resetba; nma- 
sajngue: — to reserve; to keep in store; 
to hold back. 
dinesanima, arfj.;— dejected; depressed; 

gloomv. 
dinescansa, n.; also tSichgchd; osioso: 

eaye; leisure; freedom from occupation, 
dinesctiida, n.; also dinesatiende: — 

slight; neglect; oversight. 
dinesente, n.: — decorum, 
dineshonra, n.; also desgr&sia:— shame ; 

dishonor; disgrace. 
dineshonra, v. tr.: — to dishonor; to 

bring shame upon the character of; to 

disgrace; to shame, 
dinesminuye, n.; also nirebaja:~re- 

duction; diminution. 
ding5., n.: — twins; double. , 
difiga, n.; also ramas:— branch ; bough; 

y djnga. dos chalan, n.: — crossroads. 
di£go, V. tr.; also abandona; desam- 

para: — to abandon; to leave; to quit; 

to leave behind; to forsake; to desert. 



dingo 



161 



dogdog 



dingo, V. i: also fapos:— to go away; to 

depart; to run away. 
dingo, adj.; also dejao; abandonao; 

rnading^o: — left; abandoned; poor, 
dinetetmina, n.;a^o detetroinaaidn: — 

determination; decision; intention, 
dinibHtsia, n.; also yiniti: — divorce; 
dissolution of marriage by* legal au- 
thority. 
dinichoso, n./ also batsaxao; quinexL- 

suela; minagofig: — ^balm. 
dmichoso, n.: — blesBedness. 
dinigrido, arf;.;— livid; black and blue; 

ashy pale, 
dinimem6ria, v. tr.:— to recite; to repeat 

aloud from memory, 
dinira, 71.; also minaog; mineslTgon: — 

duration; endurance; continuation, 
dinira, v. i.: — to continue; to endure; to 

last; to abide. 
diplomatico, n.: — diplomat, 
diquiquij adj., adv.: — little; minute; 

small; petty; trifling, 
diquiqui mefgd na fnita na-g&e- 

pepitas, n.; tinegch^: — berry. 
diquiqui na atbol, n.: — ^brush; thicket; 

shrubbery, 
diquiqui na siudS., n.: — town; a collec- 
tion of houses larger than a village. 
cl i r e c t o , adj,; also tunas: — direct; 

straight; open; plain, 
diiije, V. tr.; also chachalane; MnS.^- 
gUe: — to lead; to guide; to instruct; to 
teach, 
diri-je pat znaneja y batco, v. tr,; also 
nfi.-m5,ya: — to navigate; to steer or 
manage a boat; to sail. 
dirite, v. i.; also nS.-lagd: — to melt; to 

fuse; to dissolve. 
diritiyon, adj.^ adv.; also piilclon: — 

soluble; dissolvable. 
disabrido, n.; also dinesabrido: — unsa- 

voriness; taatelessness; insipidity. 
disanima, v. tr.: — to depress the spirits 

of; to dishearten; to deject, 
disatiende, v. tr.; also chab^; n^- 
para: — to snub ; to treat with designed 
contempt, 
disatma, v. tr.: — to disarm; to deprive of 

arms; to subdue. 
discubre, 
lontan: 
reveal, 

disGutpa^ V. tr.: — to exculpate; to excuse; 
to justify; to clear of blame; to establish 
as right or just, 
discutso, n,; also orasi6n; chinchuld; 
chinchuU; cuentos: — oration; a formal 
public speech, 
diaflgura, v. tr. (see desflgura): — to dis- 
figure. 
disgusta, V. tr.; also nel-timagof: — to 

disgust; to offend the moral sense of. 
disgustao, n.; also inSson; linayd: — 

nausea; disgust; aversion. 
disgusto, n.; also minapot: — chagrin; 
indignation; quarrel; obstacle; diffi- 
culty; vexation. 



V. tr. (see descubre); also 
-to discover; to diecioee; to 



disiembre, n.: — December. 

disunula, r. tr.; also n&-atog; na- 

lijing: — to feign; to hide; to conceal; to 

keep secret; to dissemble, 
disipulo, n,; also, estudiante; ina- 

nungd: — scholar; student; pupil, 
disminuye, v. tr.; also nl.-cayada.: — to 

mitigate; to alleviate. 
disocupao, n..-— desolation; destruction; 

ruin; affliction, 
dispabilao, n.: — tact; discernment and 

skill in speech and deportment, 
dispara, v. tr.; also paque: — to fire a gun. 
disparateria, n.; cuso blasf^xnia: — 

blasphemy, 
dispesisa, v. tr.: — to excuse; to exculpate. 
dispensa, n.; — dispensation; exculpa- 
tion, 
dispensa, n.: — storage room; pantry, 
dispone, v. tr., v. i.: — to prepare; to 

make ready; to dispose; to arrange; to 

order, 
disposisidn, n.; also tinagd; fina- 

maule^; regia; otdeu: — order; com- 
mand; injunction; rule. 
diatS,nsia, n.; also in^chag6:— distance 

between two places, 
distingue, adj.^ adv.; also written dis- 

tinggue: — distinct; separate; differ- 
ent. 
distingguido, adj., ado.; also afamao: — 

famous; distinguished. 
distinto, adj.: — distinctive; individual. 
distraido, adj., adv.; also jamalefa:— 

absent-minded; distracted, 
distrito, n,: — district; territorial divi- 
sion, region, or tract of country. 
dobla, V. tr.: — to bend; to curve; to 

make crooked; tecon: — to fold over; 

to bend the knee, 
dobladan-magago, n.: — crease; mark 

made bj^ folding. 
doble, adj.f adv.: — double; twofold; two 

of a sort. 
doc6, V. i.; also marluBo; lachog: — to 

grow; to increase in stature; to thrive; 

to flourish; to shoot forth ; to sprout. 
doclioxi., V. i.:^— to penetrate (needle, 

splinter, etc.). 
dochon gui tano, adj.; also ogan: — 

aground; stranded (ship). 
dodion na inatan, v. i,; also atan fijo: — 

to stare; to look sharply. 
dodag, n..— -thimble. 
doga, n.; — shoe, made of coarse leather; 

also sandlllias: — sandals. 
ddgas, n.; doogas; also carac6t; 

lasas: — shell. 
dogrdog, n.; also written dugdug: — 
vernacular in Guam for the celebrated 

breadfruit tree, bearing an oval fruit 
about the size of a small melon; the fruit 
at first is green,becomingbrownish when 
imperfectly ripe, and yellow when fully 
so; it is eaten before it becomes ripe, 
and is either boiled or baked in ovens, 
or it is cut in slices and fried like pota- 
toes; a kind of biscuit is also made by 



do^ugos 



162 



ecseptuao 



drying the fried elices in the sun or in 

ovens; this lasts from one bread- 
fruit season to another; the tree also 
yields tap a, a native cloth, and a glue 
and calking are obtained from the viscid 
milky juice exuding copiously from in- 
cisions made in the stem; the ta{}a, or 
cloth, manufactured from the inner 
bark, is no longer made in Guam; the 
tree grows everywhere on the island, 
in the woods, on rocky cliffs, and in 
low, sandy soil; it is the chief source of 
timber and gum; there are two varie- 
ties, the dogrdog {or dugdug) and the 
16ma©j the fruit of me former is 
seldom eaten, it being inferior to that 
of the ISxnae; the seeds, however, 
called nangc&, are rich in oil and are 
relirfied by the natives; horses and 
cattle are very fond of the leaves and 
the bark, and young trees have to be 
protected fromthem; when pasture is 
scarce breadfruit leaves are gathered 
and fed to the stock; the fruit is so 
abundant that it is fed to cattle, horses, 
and pigs. (Saftord.) 

dogngos, adj., adv.; also testa: — burnt; 
dry; barren. 

dole, r, i.; also umiya: — to humble one's 
self. 

domina, v. tr., v. %.; also m&gase; 
gdje: — to govern; to rule; to domi- 
nate. 

donS, n.; aho pimienta: — pepper; 
Spanish pepper. 

dong-dong, v. tr.; also julat; tutu: — to 
beat; to pound. 

donseya, n.: — maid; maiden. 

dorao, adj.: — gilded; gold-plated; gilt. 

do3, o.dv.: — two. 

dose, adv.: — twelve. 

dosientos (dos sientoa), adv.: — two 
hundred. 

doRug, 3 . tr.; nlso dengcot; jumalum: — 
to pierce; to stab; to stick; to sting. 

dote, n.: — dower. 

dreya, rt.: — dredye. 



dreya, v. tr.: — to dredge; to clean out and 

deepen with a dredge. 

dCL&iif n.; — wart; bud. 

duda, n.; aho jinecura; j$cu&: — doubt; 
uncertainty of mind. ^ 

duda^ V. i.; also buebuente: — to ques- 
tion; to doubt; to hesitate. 

dudog, V. tr.: — to gird around; to buckle 
on. 

dudoso, adj., adv.; also jui^$cu&; junx4- 
jecu&: — doubtful; dubious; question- 
able; undecided; undetermined. 

dudoso, n.; also suspechoso: — distrust; 
want of confidence, faith, or reliance. 

dudus, adj., adv.; aJso bonita; pachu- 
chang; gatbo: — neat; nice (speaking 
of girls); beautiful; handsome. 

duefto, n.; also tata; ^saina: — ^lord; 
master; owner. 

dujendeSf n.; also fS,fdji&giie; plan- 
tasma: — ghost; spook. 

dulalag, V. tr.; also destilado: — to drive 
out; to expel; to exile; to banish; 
gana: — to overcome; to vanquish; to 
defeat; petsigue: — to disperse; to per- 
secute; to drive away. 

dulili, n.;-^name generally applied to all 
the shore birds of Guam by the natives; 
snipe. 

dulog, V. tr.; also taladra; dulug; sSs6; 
deiSg-cot: — to bore; to bore through; to 
pierce through. 

dumafia, v. tr.: — to include; to inclose; 
to comprise. 

duxnai^culo, v. i.: — to swell; to expand; 
to enlarge. 

dumescarada, v, i.; also bumastos; 
bumaran.ca: — to flaunt; to behave im- 
pudently. 

duxnlmalaa, v. tr.: — to fail; to be want- 
ing; to forsake. 

dura, V. i.; also saga; su^on; 
sun^xin: — to abide; to continue; to 
endure; to last. 

durable, adj.; also petmanente; fijo; 
fltme: — lasting; durable; permanent. 

durante, prep.; also anai; &nae; mien- 
traa: — during; while; when (time). 



E. 



SbabiL, ffdj., fi.dc.:—\ow ; manso; 

umitde: — hum hie; lowly. 
ebangSlio, n.; aho ebanj41io:~-gospel. 
ebita, r. tr.; oho letque: — to evade; to 

avoid CHin); to turn out of the way. 
dcajat^ adj.^ tide; also despasio; — 

lin'.^ering; hIow. 
ecajat, v. tr.; also cajatr^to hunt; to 

pursue game. 
6calag, adj., adv.; aho jalag; escaso; 

apenas: — seldom ; sf!arce ; not plentiful; 

.''eldora met with; a few times; rare. 
echo£j^, adj., adv.; also 4clau: — boat; 

curved; crooked; inclined to do wrong; 
.forbidden; liOicA; inechoi^:— anoma- 
lous; irregular. 



echongxia, n.; also calaguag:— side; 

part, 
ecnongui, adv.; also gaaja nai; cada 

rate:— once in a while; a few times. 
echung, v. tr.; also nH-fichufig:; ni- 

gadum:— to distract; to perplex; to, 

confuse; to bewilder, 
ecsacto, adj., adv.; aho liter&t: — literal; 

following the exact words; exact, 
ecsamina, v. tr.: — ^to test; to make a trial 

of; to examine. 
ecsamina tWo, v. tr.; also rebista; 

repasa; rebisa: — to reexamine; to look 

back; to review, 
ecseptuao, adj.; also ecseptao: — ex^ 

cepted; free. 



do^ugos 



162 



ecseptuao 



drying the fried elices in the sun or in 

ovens; this lasts from one bread- 
fruit season to another; the tree also 
yields tap a, a native cloth, and a glue 
and calking are obtained from the viscid 
milky juice exuding copiously from in- 
cisions made in the stem; the ta{}a, or 
cloth, manufactured from the inner 
bark, is no longer made in Guam; the 
tree grows everywhere on the island, 
in the woods, on rocky cliffs, and in 
low, sandy soil; it is the chief source of 
timber and gum; there are two varie- 
ties, the dogrdog {or dugdug) and the 
16ma©j the fruit of me former is 
seldom eaten, it being inferior to that 
of the ISxnae; the seeds, however, 
called nangc&, are rich in oil and are 
relirfied by the natives; horses and 
cattle are very fond of the leaves and 
the bark, and young trees have to be 
protected fromthem; when pasture is 
scarce breadfruit leaves are gathered 
and fed to the stock; the fruit is so 
abundant that it is fed to cattle, horses, 
and pigs. (Saftord.) 

dogngos, adj., adv.; also testa: — burnt; 
dry; barren. 

dole, r, i.; also umiya: — to humble one's 
self. 

domina, v. tr., v. %.; also m&gase; 
gdje: — to govern; to rule; to domi- 
nate. 

donS, n.; aho pimienta: — pepper; 
Spanish pepper. 

dong-dong, v. tr.; also julat; tutu: — to 
beat; to pound. 

donseya, n.: — maid; maiden. 

dorao, adj.: — gilded; gold-plated; gilt. 

do3, o.dv.: — two. 

dose, adv.: — twelve. 

dosientos (dos sientoa), adv.: — two 
hundred. 

doRug, 3 . tr.; nlso dengcot; jumalum: — 
to pierce; to stab; to stick; to sting. 

dote, n.: — dower. 

dreya, rt.: — dredye. 



dreya, v. tr.: — to dredge; to clean out and 

deepen with a dredge. 

dCL&iif n.; — wart; bud. 

duda, n.; aho jinecura; j$cu&: — doubt; 
uncertainty of mind. ^ 

duda^ V. i.; also buebuente: — to ques- 
tion; to doubt; to hesitate. 

dudog, V. tr.: — to gird around; to buckle 
on. 

dudoso, adj., adv.; also jui^$cu&; junx4- 
jecu&: — doubtful; dubious; question- 
able; undecided; undetermined. 

dudoso, n.; also suspechoso: — distrust; 
want of confidence, faith, or reliance. 

dudus, adj., adv.; aJso bonita; pachu- 
chang; gatbo: — neat; nice (speaking 
of girls); beautiful; handsome. 

duefto, n.; also tata; ^saina: — ^lord; 
master; owner. 

dujendeSf n.; also fS,fdji&giie; plan- 
tasma: — ghost; spook. 

dulalag, V. tr.; also destilado: — to drive 
out; to expel; to exile; to banish; 
gana: — to overcome; to vanquish; to 
defeat; petsigue: — to disperse; to per- 
secute; to drive away. 

dulili, n.;-^name generally applied to all 
the shore birds of Guam by the natives; 
snipe. 

dulog, V. tr.; also taladra; dulug; sSs6; 
deiSg-cot: — to bore; to bore through; to 
pierce through. 

dumafia, v. tr.: — to include; to inclose; 
to comprise. 

duxnai^culo, v. i.: — to swell; to expand; 
to enlarge. 

dumescarada, v, i.; also bumastos; 
bumaran.ca: — to flaunt; to behave im- 
pudently. 

duxnlmalaa, v. tr.: — to fail; to be want- 
ing; to forsake. 

dura, V. i.; also saga; su^on; 
sun^xin: — to abide; to continue; to 
endure; to last. 

durable, adj.; also petmanente; fijo; 
fltme: — lasting; durable; permanent. 

durante, prep.; also anai; &nae; mien- 
traa: — during; while; when (time). 



E. 



SbabiL, ffdj., fi.dc.:—\ow ; manso; 

umitde: — hum hie; lowly. 
ebangSlio, n.; aho ebanj41io:~-gospel. 
ebita, r. tr.; oho letque: — to evade; to 

avoid CHin); to turn out of the way. 
dcajat^ adj.^ tide; also despasio; — 

lin'.^ering; hIow. 
ecajat, v. tr.; also cajatr^to hunt; to 

pursue game. 
6calag, adj., adv.; aho jalag; escaso; 

apenas: — seldom ; sf!arce ; not plentiful; 

.''eldora met with; a few times; rare. 
echo£j^, adj., adv.; also 4clau: — boat; 

curved; crooked; inclined to do wrong; 
.forbidden; liOicA; inechoi^:— anoma- 
lous; irregular. 



echongxia, n.; also calaguag:— side; 

part, 
ecnongui, adv.; also gaaja nai; cada 

rate:— once in a while; a few times. 
echung, v. tr.; also nH-fichufig:; ni- 

gadum:— to distract; to perplex; to, 

confuse; to bewilder, 
ecsacto, adj., adv.; aho liter&t: — literal; 

following the exact words; exact, 
ecsamina, v. tr.: — ^to test; to make a trial 

of; to examine. 
ecsamina tWo, v. tr.; also rebista; 

repasa; rebisa: — to reexamine; to look 

back; to review, 
ecseptuao, adj.; also ecseptao: — ex^ 

cepted; free. 



eCQ£|^CO£^ 



163 



ficungcog, v: «r.;— to heed; to regard with 
care; to pay careful attention; to listen, 
ecungucon, adj.; also jufi&ucou: 
ecujff^conr^audible; capable of be- 
ing heard. 
«d&, n.;— soil; the top stratum of the 

earth's surface; land; dirt. 
ed4d, n.; — age (from Latin astas). 
edas, n,; also satgue:— stage; platform, 
edo (fa-edo), v. fr.;— to light the fire. 
educa, v. tr.; also fAn^^gUe; nft-eyag:— 

to educate; to impart knowledge. 
«ducasi6n, n.; aUo ineyag; fin&n- 

&''^e: — education, 
-efectos, n.; — ^wares. 
e^k%k, V. It.; also reconose; rebista; 
fatdigtie:— to inspect; to overlook; to 
control; to search; to view; to visit. 
4g4ga, ■v.tr.,v. i.; also aligau:— to seek; 

to try to find; to be in quest of. 
«gueng, adj., adv.; also eguxn&; ume- 
guen^;— aslant; awry; sloping; ob- 
lique. 
«gueng, n,; also ineguefig:— slant; an 

inclined plane. 
^gUea, V. tr.; also gii$sgiies; guagse:— 
to scrape; to scratch; to scour; to rub; 
to brush ; to shave, 
eguing, V. i.: — to lay on the side. 
4gUijan, v. ir., r . i.;— to fish^ to go fishing. 
eje, n.: — axis of the wagon. 
-ejecutibo, n.: — executive; administra- 
tive branch of the government, 
ejemplo, ?i.;— sample; example; parable. 
ejemplo, n.: — episode; an incident. 
ejetaisio, v. tr.:— to drill (soldiers). 
«jetsita, v.tr.; a?«o ejetse: — to exercise. 
ej6taito, n.; also zmllsia: — army; host. 
eJQ]a&ui, adj.; also ti areglao; ti pot 

otden:— irregular . 
elije, V. tr.; also nombra; fanaan; 
sau^an; ayeg:— to elect; to name; to 
appoint, 
embajaddt, n.: — ambassador. 
embatca^ v. tr.; also matidae gui saj- 

yan ma atmoneda: — to embark, 
embatga, v. tr.:— to confiscate; to sell at 

auction, 
embeleq^uero, n,; also gag6; g§.-luni&- 
yau;— idler; sluggard; good-for-nothing 
fellow; loafer. 
«mbeste, v. tr. :~to remonstrate; to ex- 
postulate, 
embeste, y. tr., v. %.; also y&uyau; jn- 
matsamiento; jatsamielnto: — to re- 
bel; to munity; to revolt; to assail; to 
seize; to attack. 
^xabidi6sa^ adj., adv.; also latga; 6g6: — 

envious; jealous; grudging. 
emboscada, n.; aiso iiniguef : — ^ambush. 
embudo, n.. "-funnel. 
embutiye, v. tr.: — to do inlaid work; to 

do raised or embossed work, 
embutiye, v. tr.:— to do inlaid work; to 

do embossed work. 
emog, n.; also inemog; beilggansa; 
heiS^ga,: — vengeance; revenge; retri- 
bution. 



engatsa 



emog, V. tr.— to avenge; to exact retri- 
bution for; to revenge. 

empas, v. tr.; also n4-if&m4uleg; 
apase:— to reconcile; to atone; to expi- 
ate; to make reparation; to give satis- 
faction; to pay. 

emp6, orfy.; also m.edio; liunita: — half. 

empg, n.; also pedaso:-^part; piece; 
something lees than the whole. 

empefla, v. i.: — to take pains; to en- 
deavor; to try. 

empefla, v. tr., v. i.:—to lease; to let by 
contract. 

empeftao, adj,, adv.; also empefioso: — 
ardent; eager; zealous. 

empefio, n..— energy; eagerness; zeal. 

empefioso, adj., adv.: — eager; zealous; 
emulous; ardent; enei^etic; strong. 

emperaddt, n.: — emperor. 

empetuoso, adj., adv.; also nd.Ot»ubo; 
n&lalald: — irritable; effervescent; im- 
petuous. 

empeya, adj.y adv.; also mantica; — 
greasy; fat, 

emplea, v. tr.; also inbierte; inbiette: — 
to spend tjme; to occupy; to invest; to 
make an investment of money (ea;., I 
invested my money in business: — ju 
inbiette (emplea) y salapdjo gui 
negdrao (cometsio), 

empleo, n.; also oflsio; pecH:— office, 
empleo ptibllco, adj., adv.; also publico; 

ofisi&t:— official . 
6nagiil ! inter j.; also dt ! di& ! diajdi ! atan- 

jfi, ! — look ! see there ! 
enamorao, p. -p.: — enamored, smitten; 

in love. 

Snau, adj., pron.;— yon; yonder; that. 

enbano, adv.; also taiguailaye: — in 
vain; to no purpose; fruitlessly; un- 
necessarily. 

en bes de, 'prep.; also en lug&t de; 

cuentan: — instead of; in place of. 
encaja, v. tr.; also engatsa; juchom.: — 

to inclose; to incase; to frame, 
encajes, n.; also botdao: — embroidery; 

lace. 
encanta, v. tr.: — to enrapture; to overjoy; 

to fill with ecstasy. 
encatga, v. tr.; also comisiona: — to 

order; to manage; to bespeak; to give 

order for. 
encatgao, u.;— tenure; term of holding; 

custodian; caretaker. 
encatgao, p. p.: — ordered; appointed; 

arranged, 
encatgo, n.; — commission; disposition; 

office, 
enemigo, n.; also achatlidmo; achata- 

tanmo; contrario: — enemy; oppo- 
nent; adverstary. 

enero, n.;— ^anuasy. 

engafLo, n.; also fin&baba; inac&cha- 
traisidn: — imposition; trick; fraud; de- 
ception. 

engatsa, v. tr.; also oriyaye: — to border; 
to encompass; to inclose. 



en^ola 



164 



escoplo 



©n^cola, V. if.; abo f&gase:— to wash; to 

cleanse. 
enggrudo, n,; also g-oma; cola:— paste; 
mucilage. ^ _ ^ 

^^umg, adj.; aUo vritten engueng; 
also i]^grato; ti conlotme: — thank- 
less; untrue; ungrateful. 
6:^uingud, v. i.: — to sniff; to enume; to 

snuff. 
enimigo, n.; also written enenugo: — loe; 

personal enemy. 
©njiniero, n..— engineer, 
en lugat de, prep.; also cuenta; en bes 
de; cuentan:— instead of; in place of. 
enmienda, v. i.; also refotma; nk-li>~ 
asentado: — to reform; to make better; 
to correct. 
end, n..-— blanket; covering. 
enramada, n.; also sagayan:— arbor; 

bower. . 

enredad6t, n..— calummator; reviler; 

slanderer. 
enredos, n.; also inada: — aspersion; 

slander; defamation. 
ensalada, n.: — salad. 
ensatta, v. tr.; also jotne y jaguja:— to 
pass a thread through the eye of a 
needle; to draw through, 
ensatto, 7i..— row (referring to a fence). 
ensaya, n.; — trial; attempt, 
ensaya, t. (r.: — to try. . . , 
ensaya y canta, n.: — musical rehearsal. 
ensayo, v. tr.:— to attempt; to try; to re- 
hearse; also tienta; chague; tanl:— to 
taste food. 
enseguidas, adj., adv.; also dere- 

pente: — abrupt; sudden, 
enseguidas, adv.; also ti— abmam:— 
forthwith ; immediately ; mthout delay ; 
at once; soon; quickly; directly. 
enseguidas na niretrato, n.: — snap- 
shot ; iiLstantaneous photograph. 
enseguidas na inatan, n.; also chat- 

li^: — glimpse; a transient view. 
enseguidas que, conj.; also asi que:— as 

soon as; so soon as. 
ensenada, n..— cove; bay; inlet, 
enaina, n.: — plum tree. . 

§ntai6, prep.; also entre: — amid; 

among; between. 
entaliie, r. i.; also umentald; atro- 
peya; mete:-— to interfere; to oppose; 
to meddle; to act as mediator. 
entayag, n.;— thief . 
entenada, n.:— stepdaughter. 
entenado, n.:— stepson. 
enteramente, adj., adv.; also cabales; 
entero:— complete; entire; total; tull; 
reafly; prepared. ^*. .. 

entero, «</?., adv.; also taigtteco.— 

solid; not hollow. 
entiero> n.:— burial; funeral, 
entonses, adv.; also deBpue8:--then; 

thereupon; thereafter; afterwards, 
entrada, n.;— entry; ioreroom; aUo 

iinalom: — the act of entering, 
entre, prep,; also nu:— through; with; 
of. 



entrega, V. fr.; aiso renliiisia; rinde:— 

to surrender; to cede; to resign; to 

submit; to yield, 
entrega^ n.; also sacrifica: — sacrifice, 
entrega, v. tr.; also man o^eae aa 

Yliua: — to make an offerii^ to God; to 

entrepulao, adj.: — miscellaneouB; pro- 
miacuoue. 

entre tanto, adv.; also inaentras tan- 
to:— in the meantime; however; mean- 
while. . . 1 /!_ 

entre y nasidn sij a:— international (be- 
tween many nations). 

6papa, adj,, adv.; also t&gpapa; 6ba- 
bS,: — ^low. 

epid^mia, n.; also peste:— scourge; 
epidemic; pest; plague. 

epilepsia, n.; also repot:-~epilepsy. 

eplato, n,; also plate; bandeja:— 
salver; plate. 

Spoca, n.: — epoch. 

epog, 

epog, 
heart. 

equibocasi6n, n.; afeonnaehe:— error; 

misunderstanding. ^ 
Ssalao, n.; also inagang; also written 

gsalau:— shouting; yelling; clamor. 
6asl&Ojadj.,adv.; a?so losus: figotngot; 

afagaa:— hoarse, 
gsalau, V. {..—to yell very loudly; to yell 

one's self hoarse. 
escabeche, v. tr.:— to pickle; to pre- 

serve 
escalelrio, v. i.; also fugo; gdgululu- 

fugo:— to shiver; to have a chill; to 

escalefrio, n..— shudder; cold shiver 

escama, n.; also g&naf:— scurf; scales 
(on the skin). ..-.-,. 

escandalo, n.; also Hnalald; tin&ibo- 
luntad; tin^ininagof:— scandal; op- 
probrium; defamation; disgrace; an- 
ger* bitterness; ill will; vexation. 

escandaloso, adj., adv.; aZso ch6.tpayon; 
petbetao:— infamous; wicked; prot- 
ligate. 



V. tr.: — to persuade; to entice. 
V. tr.: — to persuade; to move the 



escapa, v. i.:—to run away; to escape (a 

danger). , +:« 

escapul&rio, n.;— scapulary; monastic 

habit, .^ 1 A. 

escaso, n.; also nesesita; malagO, 

flnatta:— want; deficiency; defeat. 
escaso, adj,, adv.; also jaaan; rare:— 

rare; unusual, 
escaso, adj., arfv,;— unusual; scarce. 
escatlatina, n.;— scarlet fever. 
escatmina, v. tr.;— to husk cotton. 
escena, n.;— scene; the time,^ place, or 

circumstance, inwhich anything occurs. 

oBclabitfid, n.:— slavery. 

eftdabo, n.:— slave; human being held in 

bondage, 
escoba, n.:— broom, 
escopeta, n.; also paquen petdegCn:— 

shotgun, 
escoplo, n.;— chisel. 



escribiente 



165 



estdmago 



escribiente, n.; also titugu!:— writer, 

clerk; penman; one who writes. 
escrupuloso, adj., adv.: — scrupulous. 
escrupuloso, adj., adv.; also pinal61ala; 

lllujan Ghichatjinaao: — anxious; 

scrupulous. 
esouadrdn, n.: — squadron. 
escuela, w..;— school. 
escultdr, n.; also written escutt6t: — 

sculptor. 
escusa, n.; also falagiiiyun: — excuse; 

evasion; expedient; pretense. 
escusa, v. tr.; also dispeusa: — to excuse; 

to exculpate. 
esfero, n.; also inadamelo^: — sphere; 

a globe or globular body. 
Ssita , V. i.; also esitane: — to joke; to 

amuse one's self. 
esitane, v. tr.; also f^baba; dag-ue: — to 

bluff; to deceive, 
esmero, n.; also empeHo; quinimpU- 

do: — ^zeal; eagerness; diligence. 
espada, n.; also sable:— sword; saber, 
espanta, v. tr.; also sugon: — to scare 

away; to frighten off. 
espantao, adj.; also lujan: — scared. 
espanto, n.; also jinanjan: — fright; 

a sudden violent fear; alarm; threat. 
esp^sio conj.; pot espasio de : — 

while; during the time that. 
espedisi6n, n.; — expedition. 
espejos, n.: — mirror; looking-glass, 
espeque, n.: — lever; crowbar, 
esperimentao, adj.; also practice; 

payon: — skilled; experienced; versed. 
esp§sia, n.; also pinaupau; minan- 

figu^: — spice; relish. 
espesi§,t, adj., adv.; aho otro:~pecuiiar; 

appropriate; individual; special. 
espesialmente, adv.;also sumasajngue; 

also written suznaaajngui: — specially; 

particularly; in particular, 
espia, V, tr.: — to reconnoiter; to spy; to 

watch; to contemplate, 
espia, n.: — spy. 

esi)iasi6n, n.; also inempas:— repara- 
tion; expiation. 
espinaso, n.: — ^backbone; spine; nape; 

the back of the neck; tongjo: — the 

neck, 
espiniya, n.: — shank. 
espiritu, n.: — spirit; the soul. 
espirituat, adj.; also iyon espfritu: — 

spiritual. 
esplica, v. tr.; also pul^; nH-xnanana; 

nk-gB-Bgas: — to explain; to make clear; 

to expound. 
esplica, v. tr.; also sa]ag;an: — to relate; to 

tell; to describe. 
esplicaye, v. tr.; also traduse; sanga- 

niye: — to interpret; to translate. 
gspolon, n..-— the spur of the fighting 

cock. 
espougja, n.;~sponge. 
esposlBldn, n.:— exposition. 
esposo, n.: — ^husband; a married man. 
espresa^ v.. tr.: — to express; to exhibit by 

language. 



espuelas, v. tr.: — to give the spurs (to the 

horse). 

espuelas, n.; — spurs (of the rider), 

espuma, n.; aho bdan: — scum; foam;: 
froth. 

esquina^ n,: — corner (of a building). 

esta ! inter j.; also yesta I — ^ready I 

establese, v. tr.; also introduse; aregla; 
plcmta: — to introduce; to inaugurate; 
to establish. 

establesixniento^ n.: — establishment; 
place of business. 

estaca, n.; also jotcon; palo: — stake; 
post; pole; pale. 

estado, n.; also estao: — state; condition; 
territory. 

^stagiifl inter j.: — here! see! (the Latin 
ecce!). 

esta listo, adj.^ adv.; also monjayan: — 
ready; finished; complete. 

estampa, n.; also lamina; plancha; 
litrato : — picture. 

estandatte, n.; also bander a: — stand- 
ard; flag. 

estadlgca, v. tr.; also n&-para; presa: — 
to stem; to resist; to check; to dam. 

estafio, n.; also estafluye, v.: — tin. 

estao, n.: — condition; state (of being). 

est£i«i6nboinban januxn, n.:- — ^pumping 
station. 

estasiones, n.: — seasons of the year (y 
tiempo sija gui sacan). 

este, adj., pron.: — this. 

este; giiine, adv.: — here; in this place. 

este magui, adv.: — ^hither; to this place. 

este magui n&i: — in this direction (in 
the direction of the speaker). 

este minS,, conj.: — for this reason. 

estensibo, adj., adv.: — extensive. 

estensidn, n.: — extension; act or ^tate of 
extending. 

esterit, adj.; also aifiMd na odS.: — sterile; 
barren; producing little or no crops. 

estiende, v. tr.; also nH-mltguag; na- 
da^Sgculo: — to extend; to expand; to 
enlarge. 

estila, n.; also fanestilayan: — vessel for 
distillation; alembic. 

estila, V. tr.: — to distill. 

estilo, n.; also moda:^ — fashion; conven- 
tional custom of dress. 

estima, v. tr.; also n&-tagajld: — to ad- 
mire; to regard with strong approval; 
respeta; jai-e: — ^^to respect; to honor; 
to esteem. 

estixna, n.; also respeto; inestima: — 
respect; regard; esteem; deference. 

estixna, adj.; also marespeta; maestl- 
ma: — esteemed; respected; highly re- 
garded. 

estixnao, adj.; also mjmarespeta: — re- 
spected; highly regarded; esteemed. 

estira, v. tr.: — to spread out; to stretch 
out; to unfold a measuring rule. 

estiyas, n.; also jfiie: — splinter; splint',: 
chip; small piece. 

estola, n.; — priestly stole. 

estdmago, n.; also tuyan: — stomach. 



estoria 



106 



tafalot 



«8t6ria, n.;— anecdote. 

estoiiaxi desg^ra^'sia^ n.; — tragedy. 

estotba, t'. It.: — to prevent; to impede; 
to hinder; to obstruct. 

estotbo, n.; also impedimento: — im- 
pediment;, obstruction; obstacle; hin- 
drance. 

eetotbo gui cbelan; also gadon: — ob- 
stacle in the way while driving. 

estotbo, n.; also dafio; petjufsio; mo- 
lestia: — nuisance; anything offensive, 
injurious, or annoying. ^ 

estranjero, n.; also t^otao juyong: — 
stranger; emigrant; foreigner; alien. 

estrano, adj., adv.: — strange; belonging 
to another country; unusual. 

estrena, t. tr.; also tutu^on; flnSnana 
na biaje; tutujon: to initiate; to use 
for the first time. 

eatreyas, n.: — star; also poached egg. 

estreyas tasi, n.: — starfish; sea star. 

eBtribo, n.: — stirrup. 

estrlcto, adj.^ adv.; also ti-lMache: — 
accurate; precise; exact; strict. 



estropea, 1). tr.; also utot; na-mangco; 

n^-chetan: — to cripple; to maim. 
est^dia, v. tr.; also eyag: — to study; to 

imitate; to learn, 
estudiante, n.; also coleale; ^Bipulo; 

xnanungrd; — student; scholar; pupil. 
estlidion tataotao, n.: — anatomy. 
estufao, n.; also guinisa:— stew; gou- 

lasli. 
ete, V. tr.; also pacha; yuma: — to touch; 

to perceive by feeling. 
^'tiningo, adj.; also ti tomtorQ;— im- 
prudent; unwise, 
y el mas maguaiya, n.; also y mafabo- 

r^rese: — favorite; bosom child, 
etmitano, n.: — hermit. 
etnon, v. tr.; also fan-etnon; na- 

etnon: — to collect; to assemble; to 

combine; to unite; to join. 
6togo, adj.; also pachacate: — small (in 

growth). 
eyag, v. tr.; also esttidia: — to learn; to 

study; to imitate. 
eyug, n.: — pain (from thrust wound). 



F. 



faaila, v. tr.; also sogne; quejaye: — to 

bring suit; to complain before the court; 

to accuse, 
{d,-andl, v. i.; also tuna: — to flatter; to 

fawn on; to wheedle. 
fa&nau, adj., adv.; also taimaS-iiau; 

taiaflao: — fearless. 
flibaba, v. tr.; also dague; esitane: — to 

defraud; to cheat; to deceive; to dupe. 
fababayon, at/j. .—gullible; capable of 

h^ing easily deceived. 
fa-bola y jilo, v. i.: also falulun:— to 

wind ui> a thread (to make a ball from 

thread). 
faborable, adj., adv.: — favorable; aus- 
picious; well-disposed. 
faborese, t. tr.; also proteje; ayuda:— 

to unor; to patronize; to aid; to protect. 
faborito, n.: — minion; favorite. 
fabot, n.; aho finaborese; grasia: — 

favor; protection; patronage; kindness; 

grace. 
fabrica, n.; aho factoria: — factory. 
fabrican ais, n.: — ice plant; ice manu- 
factory. 
f&bricaii canded electrisida, n.: — 

electric-light ]>lant. 
f&bula, n.:— fable; a short fictitious 

narrative. 
facae, n.; also patte: — share; a portion or 

part; a -p«.rt allotted to one. 
f&cae. ;;. tr.; also pattida; patte; nae:— 

Ui Hharo; to participate; to divide; to 

make into parts. 
f^oanate, v. tr.:— to dig a channel or 

gutter. 
fachada, n,;— front; facade. 
f&-chalan, v. tr.; also chigua:— to make 

room. 
fache, w..— mire; mud; slime; also yeast. 



fache, n.; also sesonyan: — bog; tract of 

wet, spongy ground, 
fach^, n.: — clay; loam. 
fachdchd, v. tr., v. i.; also na-calam- 

ten: — to toil; to work; to labor; to 

operate. 
fach6chiie, v, i.; also aptilai; mumu 

aguaguate:— to struggle; to strive 

hard; to labor earnestly. 
fadang, n.: — name of a low, palmlike 

tree, abundant in Guam (the Spanish 

Fcdnico); both the fruit and the 

starchy pith of the trunk are utilized 

for food. 
fie, n.; also pugas: — rice (not hulled); 

jinegsa: — rice (cooked). 
faet, adj.: — salty (sea water). 
fafababa, n.; also chegl^; palachS.; 

tramposo:— swindler; rogue; humbug; 

fraud; sham; impostor; trickster. 
fafababa, adj.; also ti man-jonggue; 

ti jenggue; infi§t; ti ii#t:^nfidel; 

unbelieving; ungodly; wicked. 
f4fababa, adj.; also traidot: — faithless; 

unfaithful; treacherous. 
fdfaborese, adj., adv.; aho yafla man 

nae fabot; fafatpai:— obliging; pleas- 
ing; agreeable. 
fafachochd, adj., ada.j also buen- 
muchacho: — industrious; laborious; 

hard working. 
f&fach6ch6 ni metat sija, n.;— smith; 

worker in metals. 
fS,faichanag, n.; also nt chatgtiiya: — 

despiser. 
f&fajan, n.: — buyer, 
fafaiago, n.: — runner; one who runs; 

racer. 
f&falot, n.: — lantern bearer. 



fafaJlagUe 



167 



f^&an 



faf^fiagUe, n.; also fantasma; plan- 

tasizia; dujendes: — spook; gho^t. . 
fafapus, adj.y adv,; also jljocog: — transi- 
tory; fieeting; perishable. 
f&f&ta, adj.: — magnificent; splendid; 

pompous. 
faf atpai, adj.^ adv.: — pleasing; agreeable ; 

obliging. 
fafatquilo, adj.; also quieto: — silent; 
close; kept secret; taciturn; peaceful. 
t&t&yi&SLy adj., adv.; also juguayon: — 
ambidextrous (tod.oj& ja juiat \iina- 
tiende; todo ja y dos canai f af ayifla) . 

fagpas, V. tr.: — to throw; to stone. 

fagase, v. tr.; also eng^cola: — to cleanse; 
to wash. 

fagcha, V. i.; also suette; — to be lucky; 
to be successful. 

fagchai, v. tr.; also aodk; jentan:— to 
iind; to discover. 

fagmata, tJ. tr.; also yajo: — to wake up; 
to awake. 

fago, n.; also languite: — name of a 
forest tree of medium size; the fine- 
grained yellow wood is sometimes used 
for making furniture; it does not soon 
decay and resists the attacks of insects, 
but is not strong. 

fagpd, i;. -i.; afoo ni.-para: — to finish; to 
stop; to cease. 

fagte, V. tr,: — to collect (rainwater in 
receptacles or reservoirs), 

f aichanag, v.tr. : — to despise ; to slander. 

faichanag, v. tr.; also fajiyuug; chat- 
guaiya: — to despise; to slander; to 
(listain. 

faichechue, v 
to earn; to 
effort. 

faila, n.; also notisia; notificasion; 
finaaila: — notice; notification; report. 

failaraxmi, %\ tr.; also f§,-lainon: — to 
estimate; to consider; to calculate. 

failajye pumund, v. tr., v, %.: — murder; 
to commit a murder. 

failajye, v. tr^; also fababa; traidute: — 
to betray; to be untrue to. 

failajye, adj.: — deceitful; cunning. 

l&ileg,adj.fadv.; cacaleg; maagsom: 
acid; bitter; sbur. 

f aininug, v. i.: — to act the spy; to spy. 

faisen, v. tr., v. %.; also aberigua; 
g4gau: — to ask; to interrogate; to 
question; to warn; to give notice of 
danger. 

faisensine, v. tr.; also despega: — to re- 
move; to peel off (meat from the bone). 

faja, n.: — to girdle; belt for the waist; 
sling. 

fajan, v. tr.: — to purchase; to get for a 
price; to buy. 

f a j anon, adj. : — purchasable ; for sale . 

fa-janum, v. %.: to melt. 

fajateg, adj.: — prohibited. 

f alag, V. tr. ; also janao : — to go to . 

falago. V. i.; also malago: — to escape; 
to run away; to flee. 

falago ! interj.: — hurry! hurry iipl 



tr.; also gana; soda: — 
ac<iuire; to procure by 



falaguaijon, v.tr.; also umescapa:— to 

slip away; to steal away; to escape.' 
falaguiytui^ n.; also escusa; falagtti- 

yon: — excuse; evasion; expedient; 

pretense, ^ 

faliiSgo, V. tr.f v. t.: — to lose; to go 

astray; to be lost; to go to the bad; to- 

disappear. 
falo, n.; also lemogi^pestle; rammei:; 

beetle. 
falot, n.: — lantern. 
falulon, V. tr.; also afuyut; balutan: — 

to infold; to wrap up; to swathe; to 

curl up; to roll together; to coil up. 
fama, n.; also mauleg na n§,an: — fame; 

reputation; m&uleg niasangg,n-fLa: — 

good reputation. 
fama, v. tr.; also tuna: — to laud; to 

praise highly; to extol, 
fama^yan, n.: — rice field, 
famlt-chenchon, v, tr.; aUo chinen- 

chon; — to build a nest. 
famaichSchd, v. %.: — to take pains; to 

exert one's self; to try; to endeavor. 
famaguiyan, n.: — field rich with game. 
famalefa, adj., adv.; also jimalefa: — 

forgetful; oblivious; liable to be for- 
gotten. 
famao, adj.: — laudable; commendable, 
famaquiyan, n.; also bianco: — rifle 

range; target. 
famastuyan, n.; also pasto; finS,'- 

joya: — meadow; pasture land; land 

yielding hay. ' 

famatquilo, v. i.; also pacaca: — to keep 
' silent; to say nothing. 
fa-mauleg, v. tr.: — to make reparation; 

to give satisfaction; to expiate; also 

n^-tunas; na-gasgas: — to settle a 

loan; to arrange; to set in order; to try 

on. 
famauleg, v. tr.; also aliila; famauli- 

que: — to put in order; to remedy; to 

prepare. 
famegu^, v. i.; also fegud; famocat: — 

to tread; to step; to go oo. 
familia, n.; also taotao aija: — family; 

folk; people in general, 
famocat, v. %.; also um&disapatta; 

janau; sigue: — to depart; to move; to 

walk; to leave. 
fam.oso^ adj., adv.; also balente; ma- 

tatn^a: — brave; mighty; powerful; 

strong; gatbo; bonito; manjulat: — 

splendid; brilliant; famous; magnifi- 
cent. 
f&montdn, v. tr.* also nit-etnon; amon- 

tona:^-to accumulate; to amass; to 

store up. 
famta, V. tr.; also na-juyufi&:— to pro- 
duce; to bring forth; to create; to propa- 
gate. 
fang,, v^-i.; also d,fan&: — to withstand; to 

turn against; to look some one sharply 

in the face. 
fan^an, v. tr.; also nS.-gSrin&an; nS,- 

gaenaan: — to denominate; to name; 

to call. 



ianachuan 



168 



fata 



ianachfian, 71. .-—stone quarry. 

faiiada, v. tr.: — to lay egga. 

faflago, v. tr.; also n^-Juyung:— to give 
birth to; to bring forth; to bear. 

f&na''giie, v. tr.;— t© teach; to instruct; 
to give instruction to. 

th.n$k^gue, v. tr,, v. i.: — to menace; to 
threaten. 

t^Ji^^giie ni m&uleg; also nS,-eyag: — 
to edify; aminasa; f S,aagiie: — to scare; 
to frighten; to strike with^udden ter- 
ror; na-maanao; jongang chacha- 
lane; dirije: — to lead; to guide, 

fSiii&guiyon, adj.: — docile; easy to teach; 
tractable; easily managed. 

f anaiaan, n.; also fan angliian:~drying 
space. ^ 

fanangclayan, n.; also angcla: — an- 
choring grounds. ^ 

fanapiian, n.; also bancon adeng; 
ap6: — footstool. 

fa-iiaque, r. tr.: — to thieve; to rob. 

fanasun cabay|o, n.: — litter; straw, etc., 
used for bedding of horses, etc. 

faiiata-anan, n.; also fanuchanan: — 
rainy season. 

f anatugan, n,; also atog:— hiding place. 

fan balaja, v. tr. :~to play; to play cards. 

f anbenaduyan, n.: — field rich with deer. 

fandanggo, n.; — marriage feast; wedding 
feast. 

fandarigguero, n.; also prodigo; gaata- 
dot:— spendthrift; lover; gallant. 

fan descansayan, n.: — resting place. 

fan-entayag, r. tr.; also ch.ule''guan; 
amot:— to rob; to plunder; to deprive 
by force. 

fan-escuela, i\ i.: — to f^o to school. 

f anestilayan, n.: — distiliing- plant. 

fan-etnon, r. i.; also etnon: — to com- 
bine; tu unite; to join. 

fafietnot, v. tr.; also nS,-fafietnot; na- 
chetnudan: — to wound; to hurt; to 
damage. 

fanfachian, n.; a^so^ atasca; fanataa- 
cayan; fache: — puddle; mudpuddle; 
body of stagnant water. 

fanfej i. tr.; also iting; joca:— to pluck; 
to pick off ; to gather, 

fangachaan, n.; also fefeguS; gach&; 
gagacha; suelas: — the sole of the foot. 

fangajatan, n.; also m&uleg na fanga- 
jatan:— good hunting ground. 

fangana, n.; also guinana: — triumph; 
victory; conquest. 

fan^amutiyan, «.: — potato field. 

fangualiian^ n.; also gualS: — field; plan- 
tation; plowed ground; estate; prop- 
erty. 

fangiaiminan^ n.; also fanguiniman: — 
drinking x>lace. 

fanguape, v. tr.; also guS,pe; aumena; 
3ena:-"-to sup; to eat supper. 

fan-igue, v. L: — to distinguish one's self. 

fanijen tasi, n.: — flying (ish, 

fanijen tasi, n.: — vernacular for the 
sea bat; name applied to an eagle ray, 
with fins developed like two broad 



wings, and a long flexible tail armed 

with a separate spine; color of this fish 
on top is blue, spotted with white. 

faniji, n.: — bat; flying dog. 

fanjal^, v. i.: — to take root. _ ^ 

fanjaluznan, n.: — passage; sieve; filter; 
inlet; also pasaje: — passage. 

fan li]in|^an, n.; also lijeng; — refuge; 
place of retreat; asylum. 

fan loclugan, n.; also c&tdero: — steam 
boiler. 

fan maigiian manog, n.: — roost; the 
pole or perch upon which a number of 
fowl rest at night. 

fanmaiofanan, n,; also paso; fanf4- 
pusan: — step; passage. 

fan mat ay an, adj.: — vital; mortal; essen- 
tial. 

fan-negosio, v. %.: — to trade; to carry 
on commerce; to bargain. 

fandli,an, n,; also babadot: — slavering 
bib. 

fanSlaan, n.; also fangu6jan; ben- 
tana: — window. 

fandmagan, n.; also banc; tina para 
umdmag: — bathtub . 

fanomnagan, n.: — summer; a season of 
the year; also tienipon maipe: — 
warm time; berano somnag: — dry 
season. 

fafiot-dayan, n.: also monchon chot- 
da: — banana plantation. 

faiiotaot, v. ir.; also repenta; pumi- 
nite; mumanotsot: — to rue; to be 
sorry for; to regret; to repent. 

fanpromesa, v. tr., v. i.:—to promise. 

fansagayan, n.; also aposento:— 
habitation, 

fantasioso, n.; also balenten pachot; 
banidoso:— braggart; boaster; swag- 
gerer. 

fansagayan seguro, n.; also puetton 
seguro: — haven; place of shelter and 
safety. 

fan uciianan, adj.: — rainy season. 

fanudaan, n.: — dust corner. 

fanfie, v. tr.; also written fUniii: — to 
demonstrate; to evince; to prove; to 
show; also indica; nS.-jaso; tan- 
chiie:— to indicate; to point out; to 
suggest; to hint. 

faflugo, V. %.: — to fester; to suppurate, 

fanupuyan, n.; also tupo: — sugar-cane 
))]autation. 

fanyutian, n.; uho yuti: — dung pit. 

fapos, V. i.: — to go away; to depart; to 
run away; also dingo: — to outdo; to 
overstep. 

fasalug, n.; also iinasalug; maiot: — 
defile; narrow pass. 

faso, n.: — cheek. 

fastidioso, adj.: — dainty; choice; de- 
licious; fastidious. 

fastidioso, n.; also delicadesa; presi- 
8i6n: — nicety; precision; fastidious 
delicacy. 

fata, v. tr.: — to expose to view; to ex- 
hibit; to display; to boast. 



fatichong 



169 



flna chalan 



latachong, ij. i.;— to seat one's self. 

f atlbchong' I imp./ also tcLch.on^l — sit 

down! 
iatd6n, n.; also cola:— burden; large 

pack; lap; flap; train (of a skirt). 
ia,tina8, v. tr.; also nA-juyong; chd''- 

gue:— to make; to create; to-fashion; to 

fabricate; to do; to build; to mold; to 

execute. 
f atinas da&o, v. tr.; na-puti: — to hurt; to 

do harm to. 
flitinason, adj., adv.; also ti fajateg; 

posible:— practicable; possible, 
latmasia, n.: — pharmacy; drug store. 
fate, V, i.; also jaingue: — to appear; to 

make appearance; to arrive. 
iat6ig:iie, v. tr.; also §gaga; bisita: — txj 

visit; to inspect; to overlook; to control; 

to search; to view; to call, 
fatpai, V. tr.:— to do homage t^; to honor, 
fatquiluye, v. tr.; also famatquilo; 

fatquilo: — to keep secret; to be silent 

about; to aupprees. 
ia trinchera, v. tr.; also graba:— to 

intrench; to dig in. 
fatsilica, v. tr.; also fababa: — to falsify; 

to forge. 
fatso, adj., adv.: — false; unreal; not 

genuine, 
fatso, n. .'—delusion; imposition. 
fatso, V. tr.; also deshonra: — to defame; 

to bring disgrace upon; to insult; to 

injure the good name; to dishonor. 
latta, n.; also injtiria; ataque: — offense; 

injury; assault; error; breach; violation, 
fatta, V. tr.; also abag: — to err; to commit 

an error; to lack; to be destitute of; to 

be in want of. 
fatta, V. i.: — to lack; to be in need; to 

want. 
fattista, n.: — truant; absentee from 

school without permission, 
faye, adj., adv.; also mititanos; sS.bio; 

tomtona.; lis to; malati; — prudent; 

sagacious; sly; crafty; learned; wise; 

skillful; educated. ' ^ 

fe, n.; also amistS,; g^inaiya; jineng- 

gue: — fidelity; integrity; loyalty; re- 
liability, 
febrero, n.: — Febrviary. 
lecha, n.: — date; the time of a letter or 

transaction. 
fedos, V. %.; also chaicague; jotde: — to 

scramble; to clamber with hands and 

feet; to climb. 
fegu§, V. %.; also mamegud; mamocat; 

pocat; — to step; to go on; to tread, 
legu6, n.; also raatro:— vestige; track; a 

mark left in passing. 
fegue, n.: — track, 
fejman, adj., adv.; also fuetsao; lalal6; 

tenjos; fijom; arebatao; im- 

petuoso: — vehement; violent; furious; 

irritable; effervescent; passionate; im- 

yietuous. 
ielia, adj., adv.; also afottunao: — fortu- 
nate; wealthy; opulent; lucky; happy; 

prosperous. 



f elis biaje 1 intArj.; aUo adi6s I— farewell ! 

may you* fare well ! may you prosper I 
fellsxdad, n.; also zninagof: — ^happiness; 

bliss, 
fellsita, V. tr.: — to wish happiness to; to 

congratulate. 
fensd, n.; also siembra; pepitas; 
aeniiya: — seed; stone; kernel (of iruitg, 

etc.). 
f ero-carlt, n.; also fiero carit: — railroad; 

railroad train. 
fladdt, n.: — guarantor; surety, 
fiansa, n.; also finia: — warranty; bail; 

security. 
fleata, n.; aUo gupot:— feast; sumptuous 

repast; festival. 
faithful, adj.: — true; loyal, 
fiet, adj., adv.; also ti trd traidute; ti- 

fafSpbaba: — faithful; true; loyal; hearty; 

cordial; sincere. 
Ugan, V. i.: — to glow; to radiate heat and 

light; to shine with intense heat {ex., 

glowing coals). 
figan, n.: — fish roe. 
fig6, adj. J adv.: — tough; tenacious. 
figues, t'. tr.; also gacha; matca: — to 

stamp; to crush; to impress. 
figura, n.; also sifiat; modelon: — type; 

emblem; sign or figure; model, 
figuran, adj.: — typical; figurative, 
figuran gaga para ocodo, n.; — decay; 

lure; stratagem. 
figuranmataj-n ..* — feature; outline; char- 
acteristic. 
figurin, n.: — patterns (for seamstresses); 

fashion pictures, 
fijo, adj., adv.; also taiquinalamten; ti 

na calamtiyon; fitme: — ^immovable; 

fixed; imchanging. 
fijo, adj., adv.; a?6'o siempre fijo: — sure; 

certain; secure; invariable; constant; 

stable. 
fila, V, % : — to file. 
fila, n ; also inatattiye: — series; line; 

row, 
filag, n; afeo coleta; aqueyo: — tress; 

plait; braid. 
filagj v. tr.: — to braid the hair (or a rope), 
filo, n.: — edge; cutting edge (of a knife), 
fin, n.; also finagpo; rainagp6; minag- 

tus: — end; conclusion; finish. 
finababa, n.; also inacacha; traisi6n; 

engano:— imposition; trick; fraud; de- 
ception. 
finababa, n.; also trinamposo; tinSs- 

giie; linipa; — swindling; cheating; 

knavery; deception, 
finababa, v. i.: — to catch; to cheat; to 

befool, 
finS-baba gui nilie, n.; also t&tand: — 

glamour; fascination. 
finaborese^ n.; also fabdt: — ^protection; 

patronage; favor. 
finaborese, v. tr.: — to oblige; to render a 

favor to; to gratify. 
finS-cai, n.; also nxaf Ileal; dibiai6ii: — 

division; partition, 
fina chalan, n.; also cayon: — road. 



flnS.-den^ 



ITO 



fonton 



fin^-den^, n,; also aatsa; qu^laguin:— 

sauce; condiment. 
finag'p6, n.: — conclusion; finish; end. 
fLu4gu^^al6, n.; also bajia; bocazia: — 

bay; tasi: — sea. 
finaguagsalog, n.; also gu&gsalog: — 

pass; defile; low ground, 
finailajye^ n.; also trinaidute: — treason; 

trick, 
finaisen, n.; also cuestidn: — question; 

query. 
finajan n.: — purchase, 
finalaguaijon, n.; — slip; the act of slip- 
ping; an oversight or omission; indis- 
creti£^n. 
fLixalingo, n.; also minafag': — bank- 
ruptcy. 
iinaltilon, n.; also roUo; royo: — roll. 
fln&maiues, n.: — confectionery; sweet- 
meaty; cakes. 
iin3.inaulegf, n.; also otden; tinagd; 
regla; dispo8isi6n: — order; command; 
injunction; rule. 
finamauleg, v. tr,:— to care for; to pro- 
vide for; to set at work; to prove by 
one's action; to develop; to unfold; to 
put in use. 
finamauleg, n.; also ninamauleg'; ina- 
delaiita; sinibe:— improvement; pi- 
nelo; giiinaja: — stock; stx>re. 
firiamta., n.; also fottalesa: — fertility; 

fecundity, 
flnana, ^^ i.: — to confront by witnesses. 
finanag-ue, n.; also ineyag; educa- 

si6n; — education. 
flnamia, n.; also minalag':^giare; bright, 

dazzUnf>- lij^lit. 
finanue, n.; also ftnanuo; prueba: — 

proof, 
flnata, ri.; — exhibition. 
finatai, n.: — death; hour of death. 
finatinas, n.; also acsiSn: — work; act; 

action; deed. 
ftnato, n.: — arrival, 
ftnatquilo , n.; — silence; absence of 

sound. 
finaye, n.; — ic;ift of wisdom. 
finayi, n.;— dexterity; manual skill. 
fineda, n.; also inancho: — width. 
fineilgna, n.;— summary (of contents) 

(mansldldide y nuneg;ae). 
finejman, n.; also finette; jinilat; 
fuetsa; minetgot: — strength; force; 
power; vigor. 
fin^'nana, adv.: — first. 
ftnd^nana, adj., adv.: — former; preceding 

in time or place; first mentioned, 
fine'nana mafafiago, n.: also prime- 

risa: — first birth; primogeniture, 
y find^'nana na patgon: — first-born. 
ilnette, 7i.; also fuetsa; ninasifia; 
minetgot:~power; strength; vigor; 
force. 
finia^ n.; afeo inasegura: — bail; security; 
. .warranty. 
finilagf n.; also tinifog: — basketwork; 

braided wof:. 
fininut, n.; also xnauojo: — bundle. 



ftno, adj.; also manso; suabe:— gentle .:^ 

refined in manner and disposition; 
exquisite; delicate; nice: dainty. 
find, n.; also idioraa; finijd: — language: 
the speech of one race as di|tinguished 
from that of another, 
ftno antes: — old time (ancient) manner 

of speech or expression. 
find jaya, n.: — the Ohamorro language 
(literally, the language of the south, aa 
against ftn6 lago, the language of the 
north, meaning the Spanish language). 
flo, adj.., adv.; also pa^gogoja: — actual, 
fion, adv.; also gui fion; canton; ori- 
yan: — beside; in the proximity of; near 
to. 
flon guafe, n, .-—fireside; the hearth; do- 
mestic life and comfort, 
fltma, V. tr. :~~to sign. 
fitma, n.: — signature. 
fltme, adj., adv.; aiso majetog; potftao; 
tiso: — hard; firm; fast; strong; inflexi- 
ble; rigid; stiff; unbending, 
fiun, adj.; also oriya; otro; pr6csimo:— 

next. 
flanela, n.; also laniya: — flannel; shirt. 
flStuta, n.: — flute, 
flautiata, n.: — flute player, 
flecha, n.: — arrow. 
flecha, V. tr.; aZ.vo paque: — to fire upon; 

to shoot at. 
flete, n.; also catgamento: — (rcight. 
flojo, adj., adv.; also nab4; calo; descui- 
dao: — relaxed; flabby; soft; loose; 
slack; slovenly; tarrying; loitering; re- 
miss; negligent. 
florero, n.: — urn; a round vessel, 
floras, n.; — flower; bud. 
pocat, V. i.; ulso famocat: — to move; to 

walk; to leave; to depart; to go. 
foda, adj., adv.; also obtuso; taipunta; 

Hand: — obtuse; dull, 
fofo, V, i.: — to snort {ex., the steer). 
f6f6na! infer j.; also sigue I — go ahead! 

forward ! 
fogon, 71.; — stove. 
fogon, n.; also jotno: — hearth; baking 

oven; kitchen range; stove. 
fogonero, n.: — stoker; fireman. 
fogse, V. tr.: — to milk (a cow), 
fomjo, n.: — local name of a coral fish; 
small and flat, resembling a sunfish; 
several varieties are found, with differ- 
ent markings. 
f6na, V. i.: — to go on ahead. 
fondo, n.; also basa; yapdpapS.: — base: 

foundation. 
fondon-tase, n.: — the bottom (of the 

sea); sea bottom. 
fofilnttS-j ^- f'^> <^^^ tSsglie: — to make 
smaller; to make into smaller change (a 
sum of money); to shorten; to damage; 
to cheat. 
fonjayan, v. tr.: — to finish; to complete. 
fondgrafo, n.;— phonograph. 
fontan^ v. tr.; also discubre:— to dis- 
cover; to disclose; to reveal. 
fonton, V. %.: — to belch; to eructate. 



forastero 



171 



gadbo 



forasterO) adj,^ also eatraflo: — ^foreign; 

strange. 
fdtforoB, n.; also maches:— match; a 
hicifer. 

fotgon, adj.: — ^wet; damp; moist. 

fotgon, adj.; also &pa^on; magfuem; 
fixnido: — moist; humid; damp (pre- 
venting an object from burmng). 

fotma, V. It.: — to form; to shape. 

fotmasidn, n.;— formation; that which 
is formed, or the act of formation. 

fotm&t, adj.y adv.: — grave; serious; se- 
date; sober; earnest; formal; precise; 
according to rule . 

fotnido, adj., adv.; also mafnot; met- 
got; fuetsudo: — sturdy; stubby; ro- 
bust. 

f» tografia, n , .* — photography . 

fottalesa, n.; — fecundity; fertility; also 
gugat; n#tbio: — nerve; fiber; sinew; 
tendon; vein. 

fotte, adj., adv.; also fuette; masa- 
jegat; metgot; robusto; fuetsu- 
do: — robust; strong; vigorous. 

fottuna, 71... -—fortune; luck; good for- 
tune. 

fottunao, adj., adv.; also felfs; dicho- 
8o:~lucky; blessed; fortunate; suc- 
cessful, 

foyung, V. %,; also uritten foyong: — to 
throw one's self to the ground. 

f rSrgua, 71 . ; — smith ery ; blacksmith 's 
shop. 

franco, adj.: — candid; honest; out- 
spoken. 

franquera, v. tr.: — to frank; to send 
post-paid. 

frasco, n.; also boteya: — flask; bottle, 
frase, n.; — phrase; a part of a sentence, 
freno^ n.: — curb; rein; bridle, 
fresco, adj., adv.; also sague; gusi; 

malate: — smart; poignant; sharp; 

clever; accomplished; refreshing, cool; 

fresh. 

frijon, r. tr.: — to question; to quiz. 



fridn, n.; also caduco; t&isentido; 
t&itinizigd: — fool; a person devoid of 
reason or intelligence; idiot; snob; a 
vulgar person who apes gentility. 

frionera, n.; also binaba: — folly; want 
of understanding. 

frumeoua, v. tr.: — to talk silly; to talk 
twaddle. 

frutos, n.; also tinegchfi,: — fruit. 

fuera de, adv.; also san jiyong; 
t&igUe: — out; without; except; out- 
side of. 

fuera de tiempo, adj.: — untimely. 

fuetsa, n.; also quinalamten; ines- 
tira:— strain; effort. 

fuetsa, n.; also sisizia; autoridlid; 
minetgot: — might; power; authority; 
force. 

fuetsao, adj., adv.; also obligao: — com- 
pulsory; involuntary. 

fuette, adj., adv.; also fotte; masa- 
jegat: — vigorous; robust; strong. 

fueyes, n.: — bellows. 

fugo, V. %.; also gugulxHufugo; esca- 
lefrio: — to shiver; to have a chili (in 
a fever attack); to freeze. 

fug6, V. tr.: — to press out; to squeeze out, 

fugo, n.;— chill in fever attack; squeeze. 

fujutj V. tr.: — to bind lightly; to put a 
slender hoop around a barrel. 

fulo, V. i.; also unx^fuld: — to wrestle. 

fuiniadSt, r. tr.; also cuentaye: — to 
stand security for; to bail; to warrant. 

fumiga, V. tr.; also &sgiie;— to fumigate; 
to smoke. 

fluiiitme, V. i.; also manjal^: — to be- 
come strong; to take root. 

funas, V. tr.: — to eradicate; to erase; to 
rub out; to scrape out; to clear (of 
sin); to put an end to. 

funas, V. %.: — to fade; to lose color; to 
languish; to wither. 

funda, n.: — cover; pillowcase. 

fundamento, adj,,^ adv.: — fundamental; 
basic; essential; primary. 

funut, V, tr.; also gode: — to bind; to 
fasten; to tie on. 



G. 



gabe, V. tr.: — to cut (with one stroke). 
ga-cariso, n.; also ga-piao: — the only 

song bird of Guam, a rt'ed warbler; has a 

song of exquisite sweetness. 
gacha, V. tr.: — to injure; to hurt; to kick 

(with the feet); also oprirae; jofio: — to 

suppress; to subdue; to crush; flgues; 

matca: — to stamp; to crush, 
gachU, V, tr., v. i.; also tacSi; agara; — to 

attain; to reach; to seize (with the 

hand); to grasp. 
gacha, n.; also fangach&an; g&gach4; 

f^fegud; suelas: — sole (of the foot). ^ 
gachai, n.; also acha: — ax. 
g4chS,i, V, tr., v. i.: — to roach; to grasp. 

4562—18 12 



g&cho£|:, n.; also nia-goflie; abog: — 
companion; comrade; associate; partner; 
friend. 

g&chong^, n.; also companero: — fellow- 
ship; association; society. 

gachofigflaijon, v. tr.; also esgdijon: — 
to escort; to accompany, 

gltcumuentoB, n.: — babbler. 

g&eumuentos, adj.: — garrulous; verbose, 

gada, adj.; also raata (opposite of 
masa): — unripe; tincooked; green. 

g&dao, n.; also gadas: — name of a fiah; a 
grouper, with leopard-like spots, 

gadbo, adj., adv.; also written gatbo^ 
which see: — fine; handsome; fair; genteel. 



forastero 



171 



gadbo 



forasterO) adj,^ also eatraflo: — ^foreign; 

strange. 
fdtforoB, n.; also maches:— match; a 
hicifer. 

fotgon, adj.: — ^wet; damp; moist. 

fotgon, adj.; also &pa^on; magfuem; 
fixnido: — moist; humid; damp (pre- 
venting an object from burmng). 

fotma, V. It.: — to form; to shape. 

fotmasidn, n.;— formation; that which 
is formed, or the act of formation. 

fotm&t, adj.y adv.: — grave; serious; se- 
date; sober; earnest; formal; precise; 
according to rule . 

fotnido, adj., adv.; also mafnot; met- 
got; fuetsudo: — sturdy; stubby; ro- 
bust. 

f» tografia, n , .* — photography . 

fottalesa, n.; — fecundity; fertility; also 
gugat; n#tbio: — nerve; fiber; sinew; 
tendon; vein. 

fotte, adj., adv.; also fuette; masa- 
jegat; metgot; robusto; fuetsu- 
do: — robust; strong; vigorous. 

fottuna, 71... -—fortune; luck; good for- 
tune. 

fottunao, adj., adv.; also felfs; dicho- 
8o:~lucky; blessed; fortunate; suc- 
cessful, 

foyung, V. %,; also uritten foyong: — to 
throw one's self to the ground. 

f rSrgua, 71 . ; — smith ery ; blacksmith 's 
shop. 

franco, adj.: — candid; honest; out- 
spoken. 

franquera, v. tr.: — to frank; to send 
post-paid. 

frasco, n.; also boteya: — flask; bottle, 
frase, n.; — phrase; a part of a sentence, 
freno^ n.: — curb; rein; bridle, 
fresco, adj., adv.; also sague; gusi; 

malate: — smart; poignant; sharp; 

clever; accomplished; refreshing, cool; 

fresh. 

frijon, r. tr.: — to question; to quiz. 



fridn, n.; also caduco; t&isentido; 
t&itinizigd: — fool; a person devoid of 
reason or intelligence; idiot; snob; a 
vulgar person who apes gentility. 

frionera, n.; also binaba: — folly; want 
of understanding. 

frumeoua, v. tr.: — to talk silly; to talk 
twaddle. 

frutos, n.; also tinegchfi,: — fruit. 

fuera de, adv.; also san jiyong; 
t&igUe: — out; without; except; out- 
side of. 

fuera de tiempo, adj.: — untimely. 

fuetsa, n.; also quinalamten; ines- 
tira:— strain; effort. 

fuetsa, n.; also sisizia; autoridlid; 
minetgot: — might; power; authority; 
force. 

fuetsao, adj., adv.; also obligao: — com- 
pulsory; involuntary. 

fuette, adj., adv.; also fotte; masa- 
jegat: — vigorous; robust; strong. 

fueyes, n.: — bellows. 

fugo, V. %.; also gugulxHufugo; esca- 
lefrio: — to shiver; to have a chili (in 
a fever attack); to freeze. 

fug6, V. tr.: — to press out; to squeeze out, 

fugo, n.;— chill in fever attack; squeeze. 

fujutj V. tr.: — to bind lightly; to put a 
slender hoop around a barrel. 

fulo, V. i.; also unx^fuld: — to wrestle. 

fuiniadSt, r. tr.; also cuentaye: — to 
stand security for; to bail; to warrant. 

fumiga, V. tr.; also &sgiie;— to fumigate; 
to smoke. 

fluiiitme, V. i.; also manjal^: — to be- 
come strong; to take root. 

funas, V. tr.: — to eradicate; to erase; to 
rub out; to scrape out; to clear (of 
sin); to put an end to. 

funas, V. %.: — to fade; to lose color; to 
languish; to wither. 

funda, n.: — cover; pillowcase. 

fundamento, adj,,^ adv.: — fundamental; 
basic; essential; primary. 

funut, V, tr.; also gode: — to bind; to 
fasten; to tie on. 



G. 



gabe, V. tr.: — to cut (with one stroke). 
ga-cariso, n.; also ga-piao: — the only 

song bird of Guam, a rt'ed warbler; has a 

song of exquisite sweetness. 
gacha, V. tr.: — to injure; to hurt; to kick 

(with the feet); also oprirae; jofio: — to 

suppress; to subdue; to crush; flgues; 

matca: — to stamp; to crush, 
gachU, V, tr., v. i.; also tacSi; agara; — to 

attain; to reach; to seize (with the 

hand); to grasp. 
gacha, n.; also fangach&an; g&gach4; 

f^fegud; suelas: — sole (of the foot). ^ 
gachai, n.; also acha: — ax. 
g4chS,i, V, tr., v. i.: — to roach; to grasp. 

4562—18 12 



g&cho£|:, n.; also nia-goflie; abog: — 
companion; comrade; associate; partner; 
friend. 

g&chong^, n.; also companero: — fellow- 
ship; association; society. 

gachofigflaijon, v. tr.; also esgdijon: — 
to escort; to accompany, 

gltcumuentoB, n.: — babbler. 

g&eumuentos, adj.: — garrulous; verbose, 

gada, adj.; also raata (opposite of 
masa): — unripe; tincooked; green. 

g&dao, n.; also gadas: — name of a fiah; a 
grouper, with leopard-like spots, 

gadbo, adj., adv.; also written gatbo^ 
which see: — fine; handsome; fair; genteel. 



gade 



172 



ga-mamaisen 



gade, V, i.:~to fish (at night with a net). 

gad&, V. %.: — to get caught {ex., dress 
caught on a nail). 

gadd, n.: — local name for the spiny or 
wild yam; forms an important food 
staple in November, after the bread- 
fruit haa gone and before the sweet 
pota,toes are ready for digging. 

gadon, V, tr.; also cocas:^to complicate; 
to involve; to entangle. 

gadon, adj.; also xxi&-yal4c&; com- 
plicao: — entangled; confused; intri- 
cate; complicated; dense. 

gafau, n.; also written g^afao: — local 
name for the Melastoma, a low hairy 
brush growing on the coast; it ia 
injurious to chickens, and they can not 
be raised where it grows. 

gaf 6, n.: — coconut, when entirely ripened. 

ga,iMa,v. tr.; also g&pot'ygnot: — to pack. 

gii/gi^i n.: — animal; vermin ;insects; pests. 

g&gsLgjV. %.: — to chatter; to gabble. 

gSrga gaponulo, n.; also Juto: — ^louse. 

g§ig^ mdtai, n.; y bumSbela gui 
znatai: — death watch; a vigil beside 
the dead person. 

g%gh taigiiiji 7 papagpag, n.; — beetle. 

gagaO} V. tr., v. i.; also aolisita: — to 
solicit; to canvas; to entreat. 

gagao cuexxtaa; also vjritten gagau 
cuentas; — to call to account; to hold 
an accounting. 

gitgau, V. tr.; cdso nesesita: — to require; 
to lay claim to. 

g&gau, V. i.; also faisen: — to ask alms; 
to beg; to ask. 

gagau asi-i, v. i.: — to apologize; to ex- 
press regret. 

gagna, adj., adv.: patriotic. 

gago,n.: — local name for the Polynesian 
iron wood; a leafless tree resembling a 
pine; its wood, heavy, hard, and strong, 
ia excellent for fuel, but is scarcely at 
all utilized in Guam. 

gagd, n.; also enabelequero; g&lu- 
iul,3rau:^dler; sluggard; good-fot- 
nothing fellow; loafer. 

gagd, n.: — sloth; idleness; habitual indo- 
lence. 

gago, adj., adv.: also taiquinalamten: — 
inlolont; lazy; .shiftless; improvident. 

gagd, V. i.; also gumagd: — to lounge; to 
S/iunter about in a lazy manner. 

gUgotj n.; — flint stone. 

gai, V. tr.; also guaja: — to have. 

gaianimo^ v,*tr.: — to defy; to challenge; 
to resist openly; to dare; to have cour- 
age; to attempt. 

gaianimo ! inter j.: — have courage! 

g^iasagua, p. p.; also casao; unxasa- 
gua: — married . 

gaiasij, v. i.; also pinlte: — to pity; to 
have compassion; to commiserate; to 
deplore. 

g^ibale, v. tr.: — to be worth. 

g^lbatbasj atif;.;— bearded, 
'gaibittud, adj.^ adv.: also masiso: — 
strong; energetic. 



gfiicolot) cudj.f adv.; also micolot: — ^gay- 
colored; many-colored. 

g4idef ecto,ac(7. , adv.; also ti dinanche: — 
incorrect; faulty. 

gaifach^, ad[?., adv,; also n&asgofi; Upla- 
ch4: — dirty; soiled; impure; foul. 

g^ifigura, acf?.;— j&guratively spoken; 
shapely; well built. 

g^ganansia, adj.^ adv.: — profitable. 

gS.igue, adj.: — present; here (opposite of 
taigue^ absent). 

g&igue gui fondo, adj.: — sunken; lying 
on the Dottom of the sea. 

g4i giiine, adv.: — therein; in this. 

g&Hsao, .n,; also man-fsao; lisao: — 
debtor; sinner. 

gaifsao ni d&ngculo, n.: — felon; one 
guilty of felony. 

gUijetdan, adj., adv.: — vegatious; irk- 
some. 

gaijinaso, adj., adv.; also manunggo: — 
sensible; reasonable. 

g&ijinaso, v. tr.: — to employ reason. 

gfi-i jumatsatniento, ad^., adv.: — ^rebel- 
lious; mutinous. 

g&ilugat, n.; also ocaaion; opottuni- 
d&d: — occasion; opportunity. 

gaimnd.sifLa, adj.; also guef-ilo: — able. 

gdiprobecho, adj., adv.; also probe- 
choso: — useful; profitable; serviceable. 

g^iproducto, adj.; also adelantao: — 
flourishing; prosperous; thriving. 

g^rason, adj., adv.; also rasonable: — 
reasonable; sensible. 

ggisabot, adj.: — palatable; savory; agree- 
able to the taste. 

g&isensia^ n.; also sensia comtixx: — 
gumption; common sense. 

gliisustanBia, adj., adv.; also iznpot- 
tante:-T-significant; expressive. 

gaiuttimo,arf/., adv.: — ^peremptory; posi- 
tive; final; decisive. 

gala, n.;— festive garb. 

galafate, v. tr,: — to calk; to repair a 
ship. 

galagala, v. tr.: — to cement; to fill up 
\\-ith putty. 

galagala, n..- — putty. 

galago, n.: — dog (literally animal from 
the north). 

gal3,id^, n.: — canoe. 

galeria, n.; also cajida; balanda: — 
porch; portico; vestibule; veranda. 

galileg, V. %.: — to roll; to turn with cir- 
cular motion. 

g&loxi, n.; also sinta: — border; edging; 
stripes (on uniforms). 

gal6n, n.: — gallon; a'liquid measure. 

galope, V. i.: — to gallop. 

galute, V.' ir.: — to beat soundly; to 
cudgel. 

g^ma, adj., adv.; also £LabS>; manso; 
mUfiafla: — soft; easily yielding to pres- 
sure; flexible, 

g^~xaiig6, n.; also y mamaigo: — 
sleeper. 

g&-znani&isen, adj., adv.; also curioso; 
aberiguado t : — inquisitive ; curious. 



ga-man-uga 



173 



g61ai 



gH-xnan-uga, n.; also miuejiuo; flixdiid; 

igua: — flatterer, 
ga-mimo, adj., adv.;. also tagmotixjou; 
t&g-moniye : — quarrelsome. 

gana, y. tr.; also julat guSjil^: — to gain; 
to win; to defeat; to earn; ta surmount; 
to overcome, 

g&fiaco, V. tr.; also gEloco: — to prefer. 

g&fiaco, V. tr.; also gl,oco; nA-rdna:— to 
prefer; to give the preference to. 

ganado, n.: — cattle. 

g&iiadot, n.; also zuatat^a: — cham- 
pion; defender; hero; a man of dis- 
tinguished courage. 

gaiklinsia, n.; aha remunerasi6iL: — 
emolument; profit; remuneration; win- 
ning; gain. 

ganansloso, adj.; also g&ifottaleea; 
probechoao: — yielding; fertile; rich; 
productive. 

ganas^ n.; also loglog; miiialagd: — 
desire; inclination; appetite. 

gaxxcho, n.: — boat hook; hook. 

gancho, v. tr., v. i.;— to catch; to grasp; 
to gripe; jacot: — to grasp. 

gane, v. i.; also ogan: — to strand; to run 
aground; to go ashore; to get stalled. 

gansOf n.: — goose. 

ganye, v. tr.; also adopta: — to select; to 
adopt (as one's own child); to claim; to 
assert; to demand. 

g&oxn, V. tr.: — to bend; to curve; to touch 
with emotion; to move the feelings of. 

gaotgan, v, tr.^ v. %.: — to choke; to 
suffocate. 

g§,-pl&ito, adj.; also nl-'oson; mimes- 
terioi^ussy; making a fuss. 

gapot, V. tr.: — ^to pull out the hair; to 
pack; to touse. 

gapot, V. tr.; also gafua; guot; — to hold 
fast; to take; to fasten. 

gaput (or gapot) ulo, n.: — the hair on 
head. 

garapatas, n.;— tick (insect). 

garapifiera, n.: — ^refrigerator; ice box, 

garotaso, n.;-;~beating, 

gas, n.; — gas; illuminating gas, 

gasa, n.: — gauze; very thin, light, and 
transparent silk or cotton fabric. 

gaseta, n.: — newspaper. 

gasgas, adj., adv.; also pure; tgiman- 
cha; justo; taiinteres; t^ipinetju- 
dica: — genuine; real; unadulterated; 
impartial; free from partiality; unpreju- 
diced; fair; just; desente; honestjo: — 
decent, clean; neat; ti niL'malango; 
alinau; — sanitary; hygienic. 

gasolina, n.: — gasoline. 

gUsdsd, n.: — local name for the Colu- 
brina asiatica; a widely spread Poly- 
nesian shrub, the leaves of which are 
used for bleaching native mats in Sa- 
moa, as they form a lather in water like 
soap; used m Guam for medicine only. 

gasta, V. tr.: to spend money; to expend. 

g&stadot, n.: — extravagance; prodigal- 
ity; wastefulness. 



gasto, n.; — expenses; costs; consumption, 
goston salapd, n.: — expenditure; dis- 
bursement, 
gaston y biaje, n.: — traveling expense, 
gastos, n. pi. (^p.);— -consumption; ex- 
penses; costs, 
g&tand, adj.: — worldly, 
gatbesas, n,; — ^valuables; jewelry. 
gatbo, adj. J adv.; also ndjuaxunan; 
ra&gas; ta^jld: — gorgeous; splendid; 
showy; sublime; awe-inspiring; superb; 
grand; stately. 

gatbo, adj., cidv.; also bonita; dudus; 
pachucaafi^:^neat; nice (speaking of 
girls); beautiful; handsome. 

gatga, n.; also Buette: — lot; fate; for- 
tune. 

g&tgaras, v. tr.: — to garble. 

g&tot^ n.: — wheal; callosity. 

gg,-uiii^Bitan, n.; also y esitan; fesi- 
tan: — joker; jokesmith; jester. 

gayera, n.; — cockfight. 

gayetas, n.; also biscocho: — biscuit. 

gayo, n.: — cock; the male of birds; 
rooster. 

globe, n.; also y tand: — globe; the earth. 

gldria^ n.: — glorification. 

glorioso, adj.: — glorious. 

gobetnaddt, n.; also mag&Iaje: — gov- 
ernor. 

gobietna, v. tr.; also gdje: — to manage; 
to govern. 

gobietno, n.: — government; state. 

gobietnon t&otao, n.: — democracy; 
government by the people. 

gode, V. tr.; atso funut: — to tie on; to 
bind; to fasten. 

goden a^4g3., n.; also &tinadot: — 
scarf; a light handkerchief or tie for the 
neck. 

gof, adj, — ^very. 

gof cblitpS.go, adj., adv.; also ti ata- 
non:— horrid; very terrible; hideous; 
dreadful. 

g6f d&ngculo, adj., adv..— huge; very 
large. 

g6f fach^, adj., adv.: — very thin (liquid). 

goiis, n,: — lung. 

g6f jaane: — ^beautiful weather. 

gofii§, V. tr., V. i.; also guHiya: — to love; 
to be loved. 

goflliyon, adj., adv.; also amable: — ami- 
able; lovely. 

g6f triste; also trireste: — very sorrow- 
ful; grieving. 

g6griie, v„ tr.; also ampara; sagiiS; 
saguane: — to protect; to shelter; to 
defend. 

gdja, n.;— fan (used in building a fire). 

g6ja, V. i.; also sopla: — to blow; to 
sway. 

gdje, v. tr.; also dozrdna: — to rule; to 
dominate; to reign over. 

g6Je, V. i.; also xxilLngllgindna: — to 
stoop; to bend the body downward and 
forward. 

g61ai, n.: — vegetable. 



goleta 



174 



gnasaon 



goleta, 71.;— schooner; two-masted ves- 

Bel. 

golf, n.:— golf (un clasen bola). 
goloxig:gro£g^ n„- — murmuring; buzzing 

sound, 
g-olosina, n.: also postre: — fruits or 

sweets; dessert, 
goloso, adj., adv.: also hambiento: — 

voracious; ravenous; greedy. 
goma, n.; also e^oggrudo: — paste; mu- 
cilage, 
goman arabia, 71.: — gum arable. 

; oho yamag; aplas- 

to crush . 

escama: — scales; scurf 



gomgom, V. tr 



ta: — to break; 
gdnaf, n.; also 

(on the skin). 
gonggong, r. i. 
gope, V. tr., V. i., 

pass over bv 



—to growl; to grumble. 

also aguS,: — to leap; to 

jumping; to jump; to 

vault; to leap lightly over; to omit. 
gope, V. %.; also tayogue: — to spring; to 

leap or bound. 
gopte, T. i.; — to make a holiday; to cele- 
brate. 
gora, n,; also tujong; bonete:— bon- 
net; cap. 
gosa, r. tr.: — to enjoy; to have the 

pleasure of: to use as food or drink. 
gosne, V. tr,; also lagixos: — to pull out; 

to draw out. 
goso, n.; also cantan alabansa: — 

hymn; song of praise. 
got a, V. i.: — to drop; to fall in drops. 
g6te, T. tr.; ^ also jacot: — to grip; to 

catch; %o seize. 
gotgojo, 71.; — meal beetle. 
gotgoreta, n.: — pitcher; earthen vessel 

for holding water. 
gotgoretan'jaiLUin, n.: — water bottle, 
gotgot, 71,; also y nunilLn§,tungd; y 

xnanangi,ngane: — i n f r m e r ; ap- 
prover. 
gotpe, n.; also diaeiSgdong: — blow; 

stroke; knock. 
gotpe, V. tr.; also vjritten gotpe; — to 

da.«h ; to throw violently or hastily, 
gotpea, i\ tr.:-~to yank; to jerk; to 

twist. 
graba, v. tr.:— to dig in; to intrench, 
grade, n.; also ramo: — rank; position; 

grade. 
grade, n.; — step; grade; rise or descent of 

a roadway; degree. 
gramHtica, n.; — grammar; principles of 

the correct use of a language. 
granero, n.: — granary; fruit house. 
graniso, n.: — hail, 
graniso, adj.; also ugis: — gray, 
grano, n.: — grain, 
grano, n.; also pogpog: — sore; ulcer; 

corn ; abscess. 
granon mdies: — grains of corn, 
gr&sia, n,; also xnln&uleg: — grace; favor; 

kindnes.'j; thanks. 
gra»oBo, adj., adv,; also inbentibo; 

aiBod&; didescubre: — witty ; ingenious; 

clever; gracious; inventive. 



grasioao, n.: — delicacy; grace; sensitive^ 
nesa; refinement. 

gratifica, n.; also agradesimiento; 
inagradese; prSmio; ninae: — re- 
ward; recompense; thanks; gratitude; 
acknowledgment. 

gratifica, v, tr.: — to compensate; to re- 
munerate; to repay. 

grifo, n.: — faucet; short pipe with a valve 
used for drawing liquids from kegs. 

griniyete, v. tr.:— to chain; to fetter. 

griyete, n.; — handcuffs. 

griyos, n.: — cricket. 

guacan tan6: — native cattle, 

guadog, V. i.: — to dig; to scratch (hens), 

guafag, 71.; — mat. 

guafe, n.: — ^fire. 

guUgsalug, n.; also finlLguaglug; gu&g- 
said: — defile; low ground; low country. 

gnsigse, V. tr.; also 6glles; giiesgiies: — 
to peel; to shave; to scrape; to scour; 
tomb; to brush. 

gu§,guan, adj.; also presioso: — expen- 
sive; valuable; precious. 

guaguasan, n.; also lanchero: — peas- 
ant; farmer; rancher. 

guaguato, V. i.: — to hurry (in a certain 
direction). 

gualchongja. adj.; also pat: — either (one 
or the other). 

guaife, V. i.:~~to blow (ex., wind). 

gudilaye, adj.; also setbe: — useful. 

guaiya, v. tr.; also manjula para; gu€f- 
g^aiya: — to swear allegiance to; to pay 
homage to; to regard; to prefer; to love; 
also jalum; itnajina; juiualiun: — to 
fancy; to imagine; to take a liking to. 

guaiyayon, adj.: — lovable; worthy of 
love; precious; dear. 

guaiyayon, n./ also n6bla<; y man 
guaiya:^sweetheart; lover; loved one. 

guaiyayon, n.; — charm; loveliness. 

guaja, V. tr,: — to possess; to have (liter- 
ally: there ii). 

guaja na biaje, adv.: — sometimes; now 
and then. 

guaja nai, adv.; also cada rato; oada 
la^abmam: — once in a while; a few 
times. 

guaja nai; guaja nai; also un biaje; y 
otro biaje: — at one time; at another 
time. 

guaje, V. tr.; also jal6; guadog: — to 
gruVj; to root out e< the ground; to dig 
up; to excavate; t6 dig out. 

guajo, pron ; also yo: — ^I; yd: — me. 

gualafon, n.: — full moon. 

gualUg, 71.; — lizard of the small house 
variety. 

guantes, n.: — glove. 

guaot, n.; — ladder; stairway; staircase. 

guaaa, V. tr.; also nll-calactuB: — to whet; 
to sharpen. 

guaaafig:, n ; also atgayas; tomateB 
&S^%^'. — tonsils; gill. 

guaaaon, n.; also xnetate; moyon: — 
whetstone; grindstone. 



guas&on fino 



1T5 



gufeorggofig 



^uasHon fino, n.; a/^o lamse;— hone; 

fine whetstone. 

guasguas, v. tr.; also bale: — to scrape; 
to rasp ; to scrub ; to clean ; to scour. 

^uatda, V. tr.; also resetba: — to watch; 
to observe the Sabbath; to retain; to 
hold or keep in pMaessdon, 

£udtdia, n.; also sentinela; y mamtl- 
xnulaii: — post; guard; watchman. 

gaatnision; also engaucha: — to harness 
a horse. 

guato, prep.: — vindicating direction away 
from the speaker; toward; in the direc- 
tion of; cnul§ g-uato y relos: — bring 
the watch there. 

guaut, n.: — stair; step; flight of steps, 

guayaba, n.; also abas: — local name for a 
shrub or small tree bearing the fruit 
from which the well-known guava jelly 
is made. 

g-ubia, n.: — hollow chisel. 

g^ueco, adj., also bianco; g^as^as: — 
blank; free from writing; empty. 

gueco, adj., adv.; also basio; t&isinaj- 
guan: — vacant within; hollow; void. 

guede, n.; also siata: — band. 

guSfda^ctilo, adj., also s^ndaiSgculo: 
— enormous; exceaeive; immense; very 
great. 

guSfguaiya, v. tr.: — to prefer; to love. 

gu^nlo, adj.; also gainin§,sifla: — able. 

gu6f-jaan, adj.; also magof; bula soxu- 
nap:— sunny; bright; warm; cheerful. 

guSf-lamen, v. tr.; also tasa; agra- 
dese: — to appreciate; to value. 

gu6f-inach.a^ue, adj.: — elaborate; com- 
plicated; highly finished. 

gu6f-naach6ch.d, adj.: — laborious; dili- 
gent. 

gu4f-nia-eaplica, adj.: — copious; com- 
plete; detailed. 

gu^f-man-aquijom, adj.; also ySdaje; 
also written guef-xnan-aqui juiu: — sav- 
ing; niggardly; thrifty; frugal; scanty; 
parsimonious. 

gu^f-man-jaso, adj., adv.,; also Idan; 
listo: — thoughtful; contemplative; at- 
tentive; careful; sharpwitted; aagacioua. 

gu6f-pago, adj., adv.; aZsobonito; guai- 
yayon: — graceful; charming; pretty. 

gu€f-rasa, adj.: — thoroughbred; of pure 
and unmixed blood. 

guSf-reconose, v. tr.: — to rummage; to 
search carefully for. 

gu€f-saga, adj., adv.: — comfortable; for- 
tunate; magof: — content. 

guM-saga, arf/., adv.; also m&ipe; 
mafnot; um&atog: — snug; concealed; 
compact; warm. 

gu$f-tand, adj., adv.; also togchd.; 
jafflag; mepa; mimanta:— fruitful; 
prolific; fertile. 

gu4f-tao, adj., adv.; also znan-gofli#; 
gft-man-nai:— big-hearted; benevo- 
lent; well-meaning; genial; kindly; 
sympathetic in disposition. 



gu6f-tao, adj.; also dluig^culo; m&uleg; 
f&fata: — magnificent; splendid; pom- 
pous. 

guSf-umatofLgd, adj.; also unia|)a* 
yune: — ^familiar; well acquainted; in- 
timate; affable. 

guegmen, n,: — drinker. 

guegxnon, n.: — ^larynx; Adam's apple. 

guegpo, adj.; also gupo; gulgupo:— 
fiying. 

guegpo, n.; also pajaro: — bird. 

giiggUS^ n.;— tooth -pick. 

gu6 jiltU, n.; also xn&g^ase: — super- 
vision; the act of supervising, 

gilelo; giiela^ n..*— grandfather; grand- 
mother. 

giiSnau, adv.: — there (in the proximity 
of the person addressed). 

giienau guato^ adv.; also ayo guato: — 
there; in that place; thither; mat way. 

gtlSnau naij adv.: — there. 

giien^giietSs, n.;— nod; a quick incli- 
nation of the head*; shake of the head. 

gud pap^, adj.; also tag papg,fLa: — sub- 
oroinate; inferior in rank, power, or po- 
sition. 

guera, n.; also gueiiya: — war. 

guera, v. i.: — to wage war. 

guerero, n.; also lalajen guera: — 
warrior, 

guSsgiies, v, tr.; also Sgiies: — to scrape; 
to scratch; to scour; to rub; to brush; to 
shave, 

gtietgiiero, n.; also gatganta: — throat. 
giietgUero, n.: — alimentary canal, 
gueton, adj., adv.: — thin; fragile; brittle, 
gugan^ V. tr.:— to shell; to peel; to 

unhusk. 
gugat, n.: — fiber; sinew; tendon; vein; 

nerve, 
gugo^, V. tr.; also n^-laznen; Jorid: — to 

maltreat; to oppress. 
glgululufugo, v. i.; also fugo; escale- 

frio: — to shiver; to have a chill in a 

fever attack; to freeze, 
guia, n.: — ^leader; one who leads, 
guia, v. tr.: — to lead;. to guide; to precede; 

to bring. 

guia, n.; also xnamS.ntlnui: — pioneer. 

gui caBtoco: — at my expense. 

gUle:£Sg, n.: — ^nose; organ of smell. 

gliife, v.tr.,v. %.: — to dream; to fancy. 

gui fton, adv.; also fion; canton; 
oriyan: — beside; in the proximity of; 
near to. 

gufgau, 71.:— fishing net; incloeures built 
in ehallew water to catch fish. 

guigo, adv.; also gunx&gd,cho£^: — 
together; in unison; at the same time. 

guigo, adj., adv.; also sunxfsija; gum&- 
gachoi^:— simultaneous; napx>ening, 
done, or existing at the same time. 

firuigogtie, n.; also protect6t: — pro- 
tector; defender; guardian. 

guigon, coTy: — no sooner than; as soon as. 

guigonggo^^ n.: — growler; grumbler. 



gulgonjS, 



176 



gula 



gulgonja, conj.; also guigon:— no 

sooner than; as soon as, 
gulguife, n.; also y man gulguife:— 

dreamer, 
guiguing, n.; aZso tS-gpapS,; c\ilebla: — 

reptile, 
gUig^yaja, adj.; also aislado; tSAgSi- 

chong; mliisa: — ^lone; aolitary; re- 
tired; lonesome; secluded; off-lying; 

remote. 
gui-jaane; also an ja&ne: — in the day- 
time. 
gui jalum, adv.; also san jalum; ja- 

lum; — inside; therewithin; within; 

internal, 
gUijan, 71.; — fish. 
gui jaya, n.; also jaya; san jaya: — 

south. 
giiije, adv.; also ayo guato: — there 

(away from the person addressed). ^ 
giiije guato, adv.; — indicating direction; 

thexe. 
gui Jen, n.: — petticoat, 
gui lichan, n.; also luchan; san li- 

chan: — west, 
guimen, i-. tr., v. i.; also guinem: — to 

drink. 
guiminon, adj.: — drinkable; portable. 
guinaca, n.; jdnaca: — dough (flour). 
guinachS., v. tr.: — to overtake; to catch 

by pursuit, 
giiinadog, n.; canat: — ditch; trench; 

moat. 
gilinadon, n.: — puzzle; complication, 
guinaejetdan, adj., adi .; alsoii§k,^osoii: — 

irksome; vexatious. 
guinagao asa-i, n.: — apology. 
guinagao, n.: — request; entreaty, 
guinago, n.; — indolence; laziness; idle- 
ness. 
gainaigue, n.; also pres^nsia: — attend- 
ance; piosencc. 
guinaiya, n.: — enthusiasm; ardor of 

mind. 
guinaiya, n.: — preference; affection. 
gUiriaiya, ?t,; also f6; amista: — fidelity; 

jnte^^rity; loyalty; reliability; idea; 

jinaao:— fancy; idea; notion; liking; 

S,guaiya:— rlove affair; lover; gallant; 

caridS-d: — love, 
giiinaja, n.; also habio; inayuda: — 

resource; source of helper supply; 

expedient; tesoro: — treasure; thing; 

property; possession. 
giiinaja, adj.: — pecuniary; pertaining to, 

or consisting of, money, 
griiinajan gunxa, n.; — household effects, 
guinana, n.; also suseso; salida: — 

acquisition; victory; gain; success; 

c\e]it; gan&nsia: — gain. 
guinanchiy o, v.i. : — croch et ; ganchuyo 

a.: — f rochet, 
guinanye, adj.; also ma&yeg: — selected; 

preferred, 
guinasgas, n.: — cleanliness; decency, 
goinasta, n.: — waste; extravagance; ex- 
pen.^:"=. 



guinatbo, n.; also min&lag; din&fig- 

culo: — splendor; pomp; magnificence. 

giiine, adv.: — here; to this place; from; 
out of. 

guine, V. tr.: — to come from. . 

gui n€faligau, n.; also rebista; gu6f- 
abeiigua: — research; careful inquiry. 

guln6fatittuye, n.; also espiasidn; ni- 
repara; inatittuye: — reparation; ex- 
piation. 

guin^filo, n.; also inacadidog: — acu- 
men. 

gulnSfsaga, n.: — well-being; good for- 
tune. ' 

guinef tao, n,: — charitableness ; liberality. 

guinSg^e, n.; also sinagii^: — protec- 
tion; guard. 

guineje, ?i.; also guinete:— manage- 
ment; arrangement; disposition. 

giiine magui, adv.; also magui; ch.uli 
magui:— hither; this way. 

guinen otro tan6, ;;. tr.; also impotta: — 
to import; to bring into a country from 
abroad. 

guinibietna, n.; also nin&sifia; — sway; 
dominion; authority. 

guinibietna, v. tr.: — to reign over; to 
rule; to dominate. 

guinibietna, n.; also manera de pre- 
sed6r (5p.):— regime; mode or system 
of government. 

g^nife, n.: — dream, 

guinigatan, adj., adv.; also migugat: — 
fibrous; composed of libers. 

guinigong, n,; also ninataelaye; ji- 
neno; ninS.t3,ilaye : — maltreatnient ; 
oppression. 

guinilo, n.; also quinHo: — lamb; the 
young of sheep. 

guinin y chago, adj.; also estraiio; fo- 
rastero: — strange; foreign. 

guiniot, n.; also minantiene: — grip; a 
gra5?p with the hand. 

guinipo, n.: — flight; the act, process, j 
manner, or power of flying. 

guinipo: — carried away; torn away (by 
, the wind). 

guinipon pution;^ — shooting or falling 
star; meteor. 

guinisa, n,; also estufao; — stew; gou- 
lash. 

guiniya, n.; also sustansia (5/>.); ji- 
nafa: — matter; being; substance. 

gui papH,, adv.; also papa; san papli: — 
below; under; beneath. 

guisa, V. tr.: — to boil; to fry; to prepare 
food; to season; to roast. 

guitala, 71,: — guitar. 

gvii tinate, adv.; also sumegtigundo; — 
secondly; in the second place, 

giiiya, pron.: — he; she. 

guja, adj.; also t&ialentoa: — breathless; 
out of breath. 

guja, n.; also j a- guja: — asthma. 

guja, V. i.: — to pant; to gasi?; to cough. 

gula, 71.; also sin medida; sin modera- 
aion:- - immoderation ; intemperance. 



guleg 



177 



igue 



guleg, 1). tr.; also molino; tutu:— to 

grind (grain). 
gumi, n.:— house. 
guxni. automobit, n.; — garage. 
gum&chon^ yan:— together with, 
gumachong, n.; g4c]io^:~paftner; 

business associate. 
gumft diquiqul, n,;— hovel; hut; cabin; 

small house. 
gum&fafiochuyan, n.;— hostelry; inn; 

lodging house. 
y gumaganye, n.; — claimant; one who 

demands something as a right. 
gum^ pasajero, n.; also tabetna: — ^inn; 

roadhouse. 
gtunagd, V. i.; also luxn&oiSg-:— to tramp 

around; to loaf around, 
gumH Ylius, n.;— church, 
y gumu&iya y tandfla, n..*— patriot. 
guzziuas&, n.; — fish poison. 
gunus, V. tr.; also aple^: — to sprain a 

joint; to pull out; to wean a child. 
guot, V. tr.; also gafus; gapot:— to seize; 

to fasten; to pack; to hold fast; to 

take. 
gupo, V. L: — to fly. 
gupot, n.; also fiesta: — ^feast; sumptuous 

repast; ceremony; solemnity. 



gupot m&gas, n.; — ^function; discharge 

of duty. 
gurupa, n.: — cruj>per; the buttocks of a 

horse; leather tail band. 
gus61alal6, adj.; also gus^cajuld: — 

fiery; passionate; easily roused. 
gus6iia, adj.^ adv.; also in6na; in6naxia; 

taftafda; — earlier; sooner; prior, 
gusSna, adv,; also chadegfta; mas bi6n 

{Sp.): — rather; sooner; more willingly. 
gusl, adj., adv.; also jijot; cidadft:— 

fleet; quick; swift; brief; short; concise. 
gusl, adv.; also ti-abmam: — shortly; 

soon; quickly. 
gusl janon, adj., adv.; also songuiyon; 

gusi maxjoli,: — ^inflammable; easily set 

on fire; combustible. 
gusl jocog, adj.^ adv.; also ti nxaog; 

biajero: — transitory; fleeting. 
g1i8i^j&! interj.; also enseguidasf— 

immediately! 
gusto, n.: — relish; gosa; majiiigpud, 

adj.: — palatable. 
gusto, n.; also tancuntam; — taste; joy. 
gutgureta, n.; also jara: — pail for 

carrying water. 
gutus, V. tf.t V. i.: — to break (the strings 

of an instrument); to take the life. 



H. 



hacha, v. tr.; also acha; n4-xn&fla£La: — 

to make tender; to make mellow; to beat, 
hambriento, adj.; also mitai £lala£g: — 

rapacious; greedy; avaricious, 
hasienda,n.,-fl;soseinent©ra;lancho: — 

farm; worldly poaaessions. 
hembra, n.; also pal&uan:— female. 
hereda, v. tr,; v. %.:—\x> inherit, 
hereda, n.: — a gift by will of money or 

property; bequest. 
heredero, n,; — ^heir. 
iiereje, n.:— ^heretic. 
her^nsia, n.: — inheritance. 
heresla, «-.;— heresy, 
heiida, n,: — wound. 
hetbana, v, tr.: — to patch together. 
liiguera, n.: — fig tree, 
higos, n..- — fig; trait ot the fig tree. 



honesto, adj., adv.; also modesto; res- 
petayon; gasgas; desente:— honor- 
able; decent; modest. 

honra, v. tr.; — to honor; to respect; to 
reverence. 

honra, n.; — ^lionor, 

honra, v, tr.; also respeta; reber^n- 
sia: — to revere; to regard with fear 
mingled with respect and affection; to 
reverence; to respect, 

honra, n.; also fama; m&uleg na 
naan: — reputation; fame; m&uleg ma- 
8a£|^4mia: — good reputation. 

hudrfana, n.: — orphan; female child be- 
reft of parents. 

huSrfano, n.: — orphan; male child be- 
reft of parents. 

hule, n.; — oilcloth. 



I. 



ibS,, V. i.: — to show pain or emotion by a 
twitching of the lips; potpot labids- 
iia, adj.: — thick-lipped, 

idea, n.; also jinaso; giilnSiya: — ^fancy; 
idea; notion; liking; a mental image or 
picture; belief. 

identiJica, v, tr: — to identify; to make, 
prove to be, or consider as, the same. 

idioma, n.: — idiom; the distinctive char- 
acteristic of a language. 

idolo, n.: — idol. 

iesitan, n.f also g&-uxn6sitan: — joker; 
jokesmith; jester. 



Ifil, n.;— name of a tree furnishing the 
most important wood in Guam; it is 
very hard and heavy, but not elastic; 
cross-grained and hard to work; it turns 
from a yellowish color with time to a 
dark color resembling black walnut. 

ignor&nsia, n.; also tin&itlni^d; t&i- 
jinaso: — ignorance. 

i^orante, adj.: also t&ijinaso: — -igno- 
rant; y ti manungd:— ignorant per- 
son; one who has no knowledge. 

igue, 1'. tr.; also diles:— to excel; to eur- 



guleg 



177 



igue 



guleg, 1). tr.; also molino; tutu:— to 

grind (grain). 
gumi, n.:— house. 
guxni. automobit, n.; — garage. 
gum&chon^ yan:— together with, 
gumachong, n.; g4c]io^:~paftner; 

business associate. 
gumft diquiqul, n,;— hovel; hut; cabin; 

small house. 
gum&fafiochuyan, n.;— hostelry; inn; 

lodging house. 
y gumaganye, n.; — claimant; one who 

demands something as a right. 
gum^ pasajero, n.; also tabetna: — ^inn; 

roadhouse. 
gtunagd, V. i.; also luxn&oiSg-:— to tramp 

around; to loaf around, 
gumH Ylius, n.;— church, 
y gumu&iya y tandfla, n..*— patriot. 
guzziuas&, n.; — fish poison. 
gunus, V. tr.; also aple^: — to sprain a 

joint; to pull out; to wean a child. 
guot, V. tr.; also gafus; gapot:— to seize; 

to fasten; to pack; to hold fast; to 

take. 
gupo, V. L: — to fly. 
gupot, n.; also fiesta: — ^feast; sumptuous 

repast; ceremony; solemnity. 



gupot m&gas, n.; — ^function; discharge 

of duty. 
gurupa, n.: — cruj>per; the buttocks of a 

horse; leather tail band. 
gus61alal6, adj.; also gus^cajuld: — 

fiery; passionate; easily roused. 
gus6iia, adj.^ adv.; also in6na; in6naxia; 

taftafda; — earlier; sooner; prior, 
gusSna, adv,; also chadegfta; mas bi6n 

{Sp.): — rather; sooner; more willingly. 
gusl, adj., adv.; also jijot; cidadft:— 

fleet; quick; swift; brief; short; concise. 
gusl, adv.; also ti-abmam: — shortly; 

soon; quickly. 
gusl janon, adj., adv.; also songuiyon; 

gusi maxjoli,: — ^inflammable; easily set 

on fire; combustible. 
gusl jocog, adj.^ adv.; also ti nxaog; 

biajero: — transitory; fleeting. 
g1i8i^j&! interj.; also enseguidasf— 

immediately! 
gusto, n.: — relish; gosa; majiiigpud, 

adj.: — palatable. 
gusto, n.; also tancuntam; — taste; joy. 
gutgureta, n.; also jara: — pail for 

carrying water. 
gutus, V. tf.t V. i.: — to break (the strings 

of an instrument); to take the life. 



H. 



hacha, v. tr.; also acha; n4-xn&fla£La: — 

to make tender; to make mellow; to beat, 
hambriento, adj.; also mitai £lala£g: — 

rapacious; greedy; avaricious, 
hasienda,n.,-fl;soseinent©ra;lancho: — 

farm; worldly poaaessions. 
hembra, n.; also pal&uan:— female. 
hereda, v. tr,; v. %.:—\x> inherit, 
hereda, n.: — a gift by will of money or 

property; bequest. 
heredero, n,; — ^heir. 
iiereje, n.:— ^heretic. 
her^nsia, n.: — inheritance. 
heresla, «-.;— heresy, 
heiida, n,: — wound. 
hetbana, v, tr.: — to patch together. 
liiguera, n.: — fig tree, 
higos, n..- — fig; trait ot the fig tree. 



honesto, adj., adv.; also modesto; res- 
petayon; gasgas; desente:— honor- 
able; decent; modest. 

honra, v. tr.; — to honor; to respect; to 
reverence. 

honra, n.; — ^lionor, 

honra, v, tr.; also respeta; reber^n- 
sia: — to revere; to regard with fear 
mingled with respect and affection; to 
reverence; to respect, 

honra, n.; also fama; m&uleg na 
naan: — reputation; fame; m&uleg ma- 
8a£|^4mia: — good reputation. 

hudrfana, n.: — orphan; female child be- 
reft of parents. 

huSrfano, n.: — orphan; male child be- 
reft of parents. 

hule, n.; — oilcloth. 



I. 



ibS,, V. i.: — to show pain or emotion by a 
twitching of the lips; potpot labids- 
iia, adj.: — thick-lipped, 

idea, n.; also jinaso; giilnSiya: — ^fancy; 
idea; notion; liking; a mental image or 
picture; belief. 

identiJica, v, tr: — to identify; to make, 
prove to be, or consider as, the same. 

idioma, n.: — idiom; the distinctive char- 
acteristic of a language. 

idolo, n.: — idol. 

iesitan, n.f also g&-uxn6sitan: — joker; 
jokesmith; jester. 



Ifil, n.;— name of a tree furnishing the 
most important wood in Guam; it is 
very hard and heavy, but not elastic; 
cross-grained and hard to work; it turns 
from a yellowish color with time to a 
dark color resembling black walnut. 

ignor&nsia, n.; also tin&itlni^d; t&i- 
jinaso: — ignorance. 

i^orante, adj.: also t&ijinaso: — -igno- 
rant; y ti manungd:— ignorant per- 
son; one who has no knowledge. 

igue, 1'. tr.; also diles:— to excel; to eur- 



guleg 



177 



igue 



guleg, 1). tr.; also molino; tutu:— to 

grind (grain). 
gumi, n.:— house. 
guxni. automobit, n.; — garage. 
gum&chon^ yan:— together with, 
gumachong, n.; g4c]io^:~paftner; 

business associate. 
gumft diquiqul, n,;— hovel; hut; cabin; 

small house. 
gum&fafiochuyan, n.;— hostelry; inn; 

lodging house. 
y gumaganye, n.; — claimant; one who 

demands something as a right. 
gum^ pasajero, n.; also tabetna: — ^inn; 

roadhouse. 
gtunagd, V. i.; also luxn&oiSg-:— to tramp 

around; to loaf around, 
gumH Ylius, n.;— church, 
y gumu&iya y tandfla, n..*— patriot. 
guzziuas&, n.; — fish poison. 
gunus, V. tr.; also aple^: — to sprain a 

joint; to pull out; to wean a child. 
guot, V. tr.; also gafus; gapot:— to seize; 

to fasten; to pack; to hold fast; to 

take. 
gupo, V. L: — to fly. 
gupot, n.; also fiesta: — ^feast; sumptuous 

repast; ceremony; solemnity. 



gupot m&gas, n.; — ^function; discharge 

of duty. 
gurupa, n.: — cruj>per; the buttocks of a 

horse; leather tail band. 
gus61alal6, adj.; also gus^cajuld: — 

fiery; passionate; easily roused. 
gus6iia, adj.^ adv.; also in6na; in6naxia; 

taftafda; — earlier; sooner; prior, 
gusSna, adv,; also chadegfta; mas bi6n 

{Sp.): — rather; sooner; more willingly. 
gusl, adj., adv.; also jijot; cidadft:— 

fleet; quick; swift; brief; short; concise. 
gusl, adv.; also ti-abmam: — shortly; 

soon; quickly. 
gusl janon, adj., adv.; also songuiyon; 

gusi maxjoli,: — ^inflammable; easily set 

on fire; combustible. 
gusl jocog, adj.^ adv.; also ti nxaog; 

biajero: — transitory; fleeting. 
g1i8i^j&! interj.; also enseguidasf— 

immediately! 
gusto, n.: — relish; gosa; majiiigpud, 

adj.: — palatable. 
gusto, n.; also tancuntam; — taste; joy. 
gutgureta, n.; also jara: — pail for 

carrying water. 
gutus, V. tf.t V. i.: — to break (the strings 

of an instrument); to take the life. 



H. 



hacha, v. tr.; also acha; n4-xn&fla£La: — 

to make tender; to make mellow; to beat, 
hambriento, adj.; also mitai £lala£g: — 

rapacious; greedy; avaricious, 
hasienda,n.,-fl;soseinent©ra;lancho: — 

farm; worldly poaaessions. 
hembra, n.; also pal&uan:— female. 
hereda, v. tr,; v. %.:—\x> inherit, 
hereda, n.: — a gift by will of money or 

property; bequest. 
heredero, n,; — ^heir. 
iiereje, n.:— ^heretic. 
her^nsia, n.: — inheritance. 
heresla, «-.;— heresy, 
heiida, n,: — wound. 
hetbana, v, tr.: — to patch together. 
liiguera, n.: — fig tree, 
higos, n..- — fig; trait ot the fig tree. 



honesto, adj., adv.; also modesto; res- 
petayon; gasgas; desente:— honor- 
able; decent; modest. 

honra, v. tr.; — to honor; to respect; to 
reverence. 

honra, n.; — ^lionor, 

honra, v, tr.; also respeta; reber^n- 
sia: — to revere; to regard with fear 
mingled with respect and affection; to 
reverence; to respect, 

honra, n.; also fama; m&uleg na 
naan: — reputation; fame; m&uleg ma- 
8a£|^4mia: — good reputation. 

hudrfana, n.: — orphan; female child be- 
reft of parents. 

huSrfano, n.: — orphan; male child be- 
reft of parents. 

hule, n.; — oilcloth. 



I. 



ibS,, V. i.: — to show pain or emotion by a 
twitching of the lips; potpot labids- 
iia, adj.: — thick-lipped, 

idea, n.; also jinaso; giilnSiya: — ^fancy; 
idea; notion; liking; a mental image or 
picture; belief. 

identiJica, v, tr: — to identify; to make, 
prove to be, or consider as, the same. 

idioma, n.: — idiom; the distinctive char- 
acteristic of a language. 

idolo, n.: — idol. 

iesitan, n.f also g&-uxn6sitan: — joker; 
jokesmith; jester. 



Ifil, n.;— name of a tree furnishing the 
most important wood in Guam; it is 
very hard and heavy, but not elastic; 
cross-grained and hard to work; it turns 
from a yellowish color with time to a 
dark color resembling black walnut. 

ignor&nsia, n.; also tin&itlni^d; t&i- 
jinaso: — ignorance. 

i^orante, adj.: also t&ijinaso: — -igno- 
rant; y ti manungd:— ignorant per- 
son; one who has no knowledge. 

igue, 1'. tr.; also diles:— to excel; to eur- 



y igui 



178 



inaregla 



y igui, n.; also ngt: inigii:— jealousy; 

envy, 
lijd, adj.; also tipadog; fiajlalang; 

y6daje :^thrif ty . 
ija, n.; also jaga: — daughter. 
ile^tixno, adj.: — illegitimate, 
imajen, n.; also written Imageii; ima- 

guen:— 4mage; picture, 
imajinsision, n.: — imagination; a con- 
ception or idea; fancy. 
iiuajina, v. tr,, v. i.; also jaso; jasuye; 

sup one: — to imagine; to conjecture; to 

think; to cogitate; to reflect upon, 
impediraento, n.; also estotbo: — im- 
pediment; obstruction; obstacle; hin- 
drance. 
imperio, n.: — realm; state; empire, 
impettingnaia, n.; also t&isetbe; n%/6- 

son: — impertinence; forwardness; rude- 
ness. 
impetuoso, adj.; also j4bubo; j&pina- 

lala; fejman; fijom; arebatao: — 

given to anger; passionate; impetuous; 

\nitable; effervescent; vehement, ^ 
impide, v. ir.;also apreta: — to restrain; to 

check; to repress. 
inipolitico, adj., adv.; also denatento; 

taiatensi6n; bronco: — impolite; 

wanting in good manners; boorish; 

coarse . 
imp one, v. ir.; also obliga: — to lay on; to 

apply: to impose, 
impotta, r. tr.; also guinen otro tan6: — 

to import; to bring into a country from 

abroad . 
impottante, adj., adv.; also gaisustan- 

sia; m&gas: — siiaiificant; expressive; 

important, 
tmiprenta, n.: — printery. 
impresa, v. tr.: — to print, 
iinpresot, n.: — compositor; typesetter; 

printer. 
imprudeaisia, n.; also ti yodaje: — care- 

le::j-ness of consequences; imprudence, 
impueato, n.; also catga; tribute 

todo: — delivery; draft; duty; tax. 
impuesto, n.; also contribusifin: — 

exci.se; duty; tribute; impost, 
in-: — prefix; first person, plural. ^ 
ina, v. tr.; also aciara; na-fanung6: — to 

H'/ht up; to illuminate. 
inabag, n.; also chin^tan; linache; 

fatta: — misunderstanding; error, 
in-abal^, n.; also inaplach&: — impnrity. 
inabiba, n.; also binalente-mina- 

tatnga: — encouragement. 
in-abmam, v. %.: — to stop; to delay; to 

Ktay . 
1 nabundansia, n.; also abund&nsia; 

minegae; inin€gai: — aV>undance; pro- 
fusion; plenty; superfluity; overflow, 
inacacha, n.; also finlibaba; trai8i6n; 
engaxlo: — imposition; trick; fraud; de- 
ception. 
inacacha, v. tr.; also petjudica; nfi,- 
daf^o: — to impair; to prejudice; to do 
damige. 



in&cam6, n.; um4cam6; matrimdnio; 
casazniento: — wedding; wedlock; 
marriage. 

in&-chagd, n.; also dist&nsia (Sp.): — 
distance between two places. ^ 

inadS,, n.; also enxedos:— aspersion; 
slander; defamation. 

inadaja^ n.; also imj6: — care; concern; 
solicitude; anxiety; saving. 

inadamelofi^, n.; aho esfero: — sphere; 
a globe or globular body. 

inadbiette; n.: — admonition; exhorta- 
tion. 

inadelanta, n.; also ninS,lfi,mauleg. 
iinamatileg; sinibe: — ^improvement, 

inadengan, n.: — elocution; art, manner; 
or style of speaking; delivery. 

inSrdiflgo, n.; also y inidesapattaj y 
inayutd : — separation ; disconnection . 

Inadite, Of??',; ciso gatgado; majo&d: — 
oppressed; distressed; depressed* 

inagang, n.; also Ssalao: — clamor; 
shouting; yelling. 

in&go, n.; also yinalacS.:— change ; al-. 
teration; mutation; variation. 

inHgoflid, n.: — friendship. 

Inagradese, n.; also agradesimiento; 
nin&e: — reward; recompense; thanks; 
gratitude ; acknowledgment . 

in&gu§,, n..' — bolt; a long step. 

inaguaguat, n.: — scrimmage; general 
row or tussle. 

inaguaguat, n.; also pli-ito: — argu- 
ment; controversy. 

inai, n.; also oriyan tasi:— beach; sea- 
shore. 

inald, n.; also nina-al§; inaiLa: — mis- 
fortune; destruction; insult. 

inallilula, adj., adv.: — ^hasty; precipi- 
tate; rash. 

inamte, n.: — parson; the incumbent of 
a parish; clergyman. 

inanacd, n.: — length; the measure from 
end to end. 

inaflade, n.: — appendix. 

inancho, n.; also fined^: — width. 

inanciion y sitculo, n.; also diS,me- 
tro: — diameter. 

inangoGO, n.: — confidence; diffidence; 
lack of self reliance, 

iz^nite, adj.^ adv.; aZso sina»alfi,guan: — 
infernal; hellish; outrageous; fiend- 
ish. 

in&nogch&} n.; also cuenta; notisia: — 
report; account; relation; connec- 
tion; nIL-tufigd, V. tr.: — to report. 

inantigO) n.; also binijo; taotao 
^ tQ6na;~antiquity; great age. 

in^plachd., n.; also t61a: — refuse; ex- 
crement. _ 

inapulaijan, n.; also espongja, sponge: — 
payon dujendes; talangan jayo: — 
mushroom. 
inaquijom, n.; also tronp6n: — fist. 
inaregla, n.; also jechura; otden: — 
digestion; assimilation; method; sys- 
tem; order. 



manesga 



179 



mina 



inariesga, ri,; also sineseder—adven- 

ture. 

inasa, v, it.: — to drive forward; to blow 
away; to blow on (the wind). 

Inasegura, n.; also flnia; fiansa: — 
security; warranty; bail. 

inasii, n,; also inaste; petd6n (Sp.): — 
pardon; foi^venness; absolution. 

inasii, n.y aZso nirescata; nin&libre: — 
impunity; freedom from punishment; 
freedom from injury or loss. 

inasne, G<f;.; aisoma-asen;— malted. 

inasnen catne, n.: — salted beef; salt 
meat. 

inatan, n.: — glance; quick passing look 
of the eye. 

in&tattiye, n.; also flla: — line; row; 
series. 

inatboro+a, 7i.; also jataamiento: — 
insurrection; uprising; confusion; re- 
bellion; tumult. 

inatituye, n.; also inatiende; aten- 
si6n: — attention. 

in-atmareao, n.: — dizziness; vertigo; 
giddiness. 

in-atmarlao, n.; also quinaduco: — 
insanity; lunacy; madness, 

inatottaye, n.: — prohibition; interdic- 
tion. 

inatrededot, n.; also -^ niredondo; 
atrededotna:~-girth ; circumference. 

inaya, n.; also chinilong; propotsi6n; 
inajustao: — proportion; justice; fair- 
ness; fitness. 

/inayeg:, n.: — choice; option. 

inayeg na tinaitai, n.: — text. 

inbenta, v. tr,; also sodS,; na-juyong: — 
to suggest; to hint; to insinuate; to 
invent; to find out; to devise. 

inbentibo, arfj., adv.; also sisodlL; dides- 
cubre: — inventive; mtty; ingenious; 
clever. 

inbiette, v. i.; also emplea; — to invest; 
to make an investment of money. 

inclinasion, n.; also sentido; opini6n; 
jhienggue:— notion; opinion; belief; 
inclination. 

ixiconbendi^la, n.; also china tsaga; 
ti suniiiia: — inconvenience; unfitness; 
troublesomeness; disadvantage. 

independiente, adj., adv.; also tiiina- 
n^oco; ti-man-angongoco; trichi- 
na tsaga: — independent; not depend- 
ent on, not supported by, or governed 
by, another, 
indica, v. tr.; also f&n<ie; n&-jaso; 
tanch^e: — to indicate; to point out; to 
suggest; to hint. 

indiferente, adj.; also parSjoJ& yan 

tay4: — listless; indifferent; languid, 
indirecto, adj.y adv.; also ti tunas: — 

indirect; not straight. 
indulgdnsia, n . . ■ — indulgence . 
iuduse, V. tr.; also suog; jonggue: — to 
induce; to persuade; to prevail upon; to 
cause, 
ine, dem. pron.: — this; this one. 



inechong-, n.; also lache; nin&t&i|»3^: — 
wrong; fault; injury; inju^tiee. 

inechofi|;, adj., adv.; &iso 6clau; lllicd; 
echong: — bent; curved; crooked; in- 
clined^to do wrong; forbidden. 

inechong, n.; aiso injustisia: — injustice; 
wrong. 

inefrese, n.: — offerim. 

inenoanta, ti.;— fascination; attraction; 
dharm. 

iAenoatga, n.; also areglo: — arrange- 
ment; management; order; disposition. 

inentalile, n.; — intermission; pause; in- 
terruption. 

ine6, n.; — ^gulp; draft; swallow. 

inesgS,ijon, ?i.; also acompaiia- 
mento: — accompaniment; escort; con- 

. voy. 

mdson, n.; also disgustao; linay6: — 
nauRea; disgust; aversion. 

inestima, adi,; also estima: — esteemed; 
respected; highly regarded. 

inestira, n.; also quinalamten: — strain; 
effort. 

inetnon, n.; also reuni6n; nilajyan:— 
reunion; a festive gathering of familiar 
friends or associates. 

inetnon, n.; also junta:^ — society; as- 
sembly; group; alliance; bond; ally; 
confederate. 

inetnon taotao^ 71.; also monchon 
taotao: — multitude; crowd; the popu- 
Itice. 

in-eyag, n.; also finS,n§,'giie; educa- 
sion: — education. 

infelis, adj.f adv.; also, desgrasiado; 
desdichado ; despr esiao :— unhappy ; 
disastrous; unfortunate. 

infiet, adj.; also ti man- jonggue; ti 
jenggne; ti fiet; f&fababa:— infidel; 
unbelieving; ungodly. 

infietno, n.; also sasal^guan; tin^fpn- 
do; — ^hell; abyss; gulf. 

influensia, n.: — influence; power arising 
from character or station. 

infotma, v. i.; also que tungd; 6fai- 
sen: — to seek information. 

infotmasi6n, n.; also nin3,tuua^o; noti- 
flcasi6n: — information , 

inggrato, adj.; also ^figuin|^:^thank- 
less; untrue; ungrateful. 

y^nggiiente, n.:— salve; ointment; fat. 

inguin; in^uen, v. tr.; also desprgsia:— 
to disdain; to censure; to deprecate. 

inguinon, adj., adv.; also gdfchatlif- 
yon: — detestable; execrable; abomina- 

_ble; cursed. 

inguinon na taotao, n.: — ecamp; rascal. 

iitiga, n.; also ilinifi.a: — caress. 

inig6,ji.; also embidia: — envy; jealousy. 
inigong, n.; also lamentasidn {Sp,); 
(uso written inigung: — sigh; cries; lam- 
entation, 
inijd, n.; — thrift. 

inina, n.; also lemunayas; ina: — light; 
the agent by which objects are rendered 
visible by its action on the retina; 



ininljuyong 



180 



jainen 



illumination; gleam; a stream of light; 
glimmer; a faint intermittent light. 

ininajuyong taotao, adj.: — artificial. 

ininan atdau, n.; also somnap: — sun- 
light. _ 

iningag, v. %.; also man^ag; uinas6; 
ninli as6: — to sag; to sink down; to 
yield. 

in-isune, n.: — persistence; constancy. 

injtiria, v. tr,; also calHinnia: — to revile; 
to reproach; to abuse. 

injustlsia, n.; also impuesto: — injus- 
tice; oppression. 

inniottat, adj.; also tltiftnatai: — im- 
mortal; imperishable; not subject to 
death. 

Inopone, n.; also chinabll; resist6n- 
sia; nirechasa: — resistance; opposi- 
tion. 

inos, adj.., adv.; also d&laial or dMalae: 
slim; thin; slender. 

inosente, *ac(/., adv.; also taiisao: — not 
guilty; innocent. 

inpeni'tensia, n.; also ti mafiotsot; 
taisinetsot; ti f&faiiotsot: — impeni- 
tence. 

inquieto, adj.; also lebog; taiminaj- 
, gong; — restless; turbulent; unquiet, 
'inquilinato, n.: — leasehold; property 
held by lease. 

insolb elite, adj.; also insotbente; 
quiebra; — bankrupt. 

instituve, v. tr,; also planta: — to in- 
stitute; to install; to establish. 

instrumento, 71.; also jeramienta:— 
instrument; tool. ^ 

instrumento musica, n.; also estot- 
mento: — musical instrument. 

insutta, r. tr.; also is&giie; na-rnaraaj- 
lao: — to injure; to in^iult; to aflront. 

insutta, r. tr., v. i.; also butlea; casi; 
lotgue: mofea; — to mock; to deride; 
to insult; to make fun of; to outrage; 
to insult. 

intension, n.; also jinaso; opinion; — 
opinion; intention; thought; memory; 
rea-on. 

intensionao, adj.; also jasusuye: — in- 
tending. 
intensionaye, r. tr.; also jasuye: — to 

intend; to resolve, 
interes, n.; also minalagS; guing.i- 

ya; — interest. 
interesao, adj., adc; also jenagan: — 
self-seeking; selfish; avaricious; greedy; 
niggardly. 



interino, adj.; also suplente: — vica- 
rious. 

interi6r, adj.; also san jalum; san 
jalum na banda: — interior; inner; 
remote from the coast. > 

intetpreta, v, tr.: — to lay out; to ex- 
pose; to interpret. 

intetpretasi6n, n.; also mapulll: — ex- 
planation; interpretation. 

inutit, adj.; also taiguailaye; — ^unfit; 
unser^viceable. 

ipiingue: — last night. 

ip6, D. tr.; also put§,: — to break; to tear 
up; to divide; to split; to cleave; to 
slit; to burst. 

ipoteca, n.; also written hipoteca; y 
niaenpena:^mortgage . 

ira, n.: — tempest; hurricane; tumult. 

iremediable, adj., adv.; tHi remedio; 
ti mimagunl:; ti amtiyon; ti ni&- 
raagong: — incurable; irremediable; in- 
corrigible. 

iridao, n.; also bictima: — victim; dupe, 

isa, n.; — rainbow. 

isa, %\ i.:—to flatter; to gain over by 
complimentary speech. 

isa, r. tr.: — to raise; to haul up. 

is&gue, v. tr.; also ofende; n^-al#; 
ana; n4-chataaga: — to offend; to in- 
sult; to outrage; to affront. 

isao, adj.; also lache: — amiss; wrong; 
faulty. 

Ssao, n.; also uritten Isau: — guilt; crime; 
sin. 

Isao, adj.; also uritten Isau; also culpa- 
ble; lalat-diy on:— reprehensible; de- 
serving censure; culpable. 

isao ni dS-ngfculo: — felony; crime pun- 
ishable by imprisonment or death. 

iseg, V. tr.: — to perforate; to go through^ 

isla, n.; also tan6; pedasiton tano nl 
niredondea ni tasi: — island. 

istoria, n.: — history; legend. 

itbana, n.; also jinetbana:— quilting 

seam. 
iting, V. tr.; also fanfe; joca: — to pluck; 

to pick off; to gather. 
iyo, adj.., adv.: — own; proper; stii table; 

X>ertinent; fitting. 
iyomo, pron.: — your. 
iyon, r. i.: — to belong to; to pertain^to. 
iyon gaga, adj., adv.; also taiasl; 

taiasi: — bestial; brutish; animal. _ 
iyon mat a, adj.: — facial; pertaining to 

the face. 
iyota, pron.: — our; pertaining to us; 
belonging to us. 



ja! interj.: — ah! 

ja. prefix: — .samf; as gusi {ex., ja-sulon, 

a'/j..-— slippery, irom suion, to slip;. 
ja, pers. pron.: — third person, imperl. 

f'soe "Grammatical notes"). 
j^, 6'M^x:— denotos only; alone [ex., jago 

ja na maisa: — thou alone). 



ja, prefix: — ^indicates repetition. 

jaane, n.; aho dia (.S>.) :— day ; the period 

of light between sunrise and sunset; 

daylight; sunlight. 
ja&nen gupot, n.; also guinepte:— • 

holiday; a day of freedom from labor in 

celebration of some event. 



ininljuyong 



180 



jainen 



illumination; gleam; a stream of light; 
glimmer; a faint intermittent light. 

ininajuyong taotao, adj.: — artificial. 

ininan atdau, n.; also somnap: — sun- 
light. _ 

iningag, v. %.; also man^ag; uinas6; 
ninli as6: — to sag; to sink down; to 
yield. 

in-isune, n.: — persistence; constancy. 

injtiria, v. tr,; also calHinnia: — to revile; 
to reproach; to abuse. 

injustlsia, n.; also impuesto: — injus- 
tice; oppression. 

inniottat, adj.; also tltiftnatai: — im- 
mortal; imperishable; not subject to 
death. 

Inopone, n.; also chinabll; resist6n- 
sia; nirechasa: — resistance; opposi- 
tion. 

inos, adj.., adv.; also d&laial or dMalae: 
slim; thin; slender. 

inosente, *ac(/., adv.; also taiisao: — not 
guilty; innocent. 

inpeni'tensia, n.; also ti mafiotsot; 
taisinetsot; ti f&faiiotsot: — impeni- 
tence. 

inquieto, adj.; also lebog; taiminaj- 
, gong; — restless; turbulent; unquiet, 
'inquilinato, n.: — leasehold; property 
held by lease. 

insolb elite, adj.; also insotbente; 
quiebra; — bankrupt. 

instituve, v. tr,; also planta: — to in- 
stitute; to install; to establish. 

instrumento, 71.; also jeramienta:— 
instrument; tool. ^ 

instrumento musica, n.; also estot- 
mento: — musical instrument. 

insutta, r. tr.; also is&giie; na-rnaraaj- 
lao: — to injure; to in^iult; to aflront. 

insutta, r. tr., v. i.; also butlea; casi; 
lotgue: mofea; — to mock; to deride; 
to insult; to make fun of; to outrage; 
to insult. 

intension, n.; also jinaso; opinion; — 
opinion; intention; thought; memory; 
rea-on. 

intensionao, adj.; also jasusuye: — in- 
tending. 
intensionaye, r. tr.; also jasuye: — to 

intend; to resolve, 
interes, n.; also minalagS; guing.i- 

ya; — interest. 
interesao, adj., adc; also jenagan: — 
self-seeking; selfish; avaricious; greedy; 
niggardly. 



interino, adj.; also suplente: — vica- 
rious. 

interi6r, adj.; also san jalum; san 
jalum na banda: — interior; inner; 
remote from the coast. > 

intetpreta, v, tr.: — to lay out; to ex- 
pose; to interpret. 

intetpretasi6n, n.; also mapulll: — ex- 
planation; interpretation. 

inutit, adj.; also taiguailaye; — ^unfit; 
unser^viceable. 

ipiingue: — last night. 

ip6, D. tr.; also put§,: — to break; to tear 
up; to divide; to split; to cleave; to 
slit; to burst. 

ipoteca, n.; also written hipoteca; y 
niaenpena:^mortgage . 

ira, n.: — tempest; hurricane; tumult. 

iremediable, adj., adv.; tHi remedio; 
ti mimagunl:; ti amtiyon; ti ni&- 
raagong: — incurable; irremediable; in- 
corrigible. 

iridao, n.; also bictima: — victim; dupe, 

isa, n.; — rainbow. 

isa, %\ i.:—to flatter; to gain over by 
complimentary speech. 

isa, r. tr.: — to raise; to haul up. 

is&gue, v. tr.; also ofende; n^-al#; 
ana; n4-chataaga: — to offend; to in- 
sult; to outrage; to affront. 

isao, adj.; also lache: — amiss; wrong; 
faulty. 

Ssao, n.; also uritten Isau: — guilt; crime; 
sin. 

Isao, adj.; also uritten Isau; also culpa- 
ble; lalat-diy on:— reprehensible; de- 
serving censure; culpable. 

isao ni dS-ngfculo: — felony; crime pun- 
ishable by imprisonment or death. 

iseg, V. tr.: — to perforate; to go through^ 

isla, n.; also tan6; pedasiton tano nl 
niredondea ni tasi: — island. 

istoria, n.: — history; legend. 

itbana, n.; also jinetbana:— quilting 

seam. 
iting, V. tr.; also fanfe; joca: — to pluck; 

to pick off; to gather. 
iyo, adj.., adv.: — own; proper; stii table; 

X>ertinent; fitting. 
iyomo, pron.: — your. 
iyon, r. i.: — to belong to; to pertain^to. 
iyon gaga, adj., adv.; also taiasl; 

taiasi: — bestial; brutish; animal. _ 
iyon mat a, adj.: — facial; pertaining to 

the face. 
iyota, pron.: — our; pertaining to us; 
belonging to us. 



ja! interj.: — ah! 

ja. prefix: — .samf; as gusi {ex., ja-sulon, 

a'/j..-— slippery, irom suion, to slip;. 
ja, pers. pron.: — third person, imperl. 

f'soe "Grammatical notes"). 
j^, 6'M^x:— denotos only; alone [ex., jago 

ja na maisa: — thou alone). 



ja, prefix: — ^indicates repetition. 

jaane, n.; aho dia (.S>.) :— day ; the period 

of light between sunrise and sunset; 

daylight; sunlight. 
ja&nen gupot, n.; also guinepte:— • 

holiday; a day of freedom from labor in 

celebration of some event. 



jabao 



181 



jamon 



jabao, V. tr,:— to snatch; to take or seize 

bruptly. 
j&bon, n.; — soap; also jabune, r. tr,: — to 

soap; to flatter; to lather. 
JUbubo, adj.; also j^pinalala; impetu- 

oso: — given to anger; passionate; im- 
petuous. 
jabune, v. tr.: — to soap; to lather; to 
^ flatter. 
jacot, t , tr.; also chajlau or chajlao; 

gote: — to grab; to seize suddenly; to 

snatch, 
jach^igua, adj.., adv.; also pumargrejo; 

umachuld; achaigua: — resembling; 

similar, 
jachita, n.; qlso sacapico; asada: — 

hatchet; pickax; mattock; hoe. 
jach6n, n.;— torch (used when fishing). 
Jado, 11.: — godson; child to be baptized; 

protege; neophyte; also jada: — female 

child. 

j§.e, 71.; — brow; forehead. 

Jafa, n.; also materia; cosa (Sp.): — 

matter; thing; cause. 
Jafa? pron.: — what? which? something; 

also jaye? — who? 
jafa taimano, adv.; also s§, jafa: — how; 

in v.'hat manner; to what degree or 

extent; for what reason, 
jafe, n.; also estiyas: — splinter; splint. 
jafna^, adj., adv.; also mamanitS,: — 

fertile; fruitful; prolific. 
jafno, n.: — high tide. 
jaf ja, adv.; also maaea jafa: — ^whatever, 
jafot, *;. tr.; also tatne: — to inter; to 

bury; to entomb. 
jafno, n.: — tide (of the sea). 
jafno, adj.: — full of; filled with. 
jaftaimano, n.: — manner; method; mode 

of action; habit. 
jaga, n.: — blood, 
jaga, n.; also ija: — daughter, 
jaga, n.; also masinig jaga; jinagfi,: — 

dysentery. 

jagan, n.: — tortoise; turtle. 

jagan betde, n.: — green turtle. 

jagas; also abmam; desde antes: — 
since olden times. 

y jagas na bida; also y mapos na 
bida: — the past life. 

jagasas, n.; also bayag: — branch of a 
coco palm (usually applied to one 
fallen from the tree and dried). 

jagas j a, adv.; also asta pago: — thereto- 
fore; previously; hitherto. 

Jagatna, n.: — the capital of Guam, 
Agana. 

jago, pers. pron.: — you; plural, jamyo. 

jag6, II. tr.; also consigue; tac^; ta- 
tiye: — to reach; to accomplish; to ob- 
tain; to attain; to follow. 

jagon, n.; also ojas: — leaf, 

jagon, n.; also ramas: — foliage. 

jagonfa, n.: — local name for a small file- 
fish ; has a mouth like a turned-up beak; 
the skin is blue with orange spots. 

jagong, V. i.: — to breathe. 



jaguja, adj.; also written ja-guja:~ 
asthmatic. 

jaguja, 72..-— needle. 

jS-i-e, V. tr.; also respeta; estima: — to 
esteem; to respect. 

jaiguas, n.: — coconut ehell, 

jailas, V. %.; also taylL:— to suffer want. 

j alias, n.; also jpineble: — poverty; want; 
penury; deficiency. 

jaja, V. i.: — to breathe; to blow. 

jajanon, adj.; also m^lag: — burning. 

y j&jatme guma, n.; also saque: — bur- 

^ glar. 

jajlon, n.: — twine; strong thread. 

jala, V. tr.; also caicai: — to pull; to drag; 
to haul ; to tug. 

jalacha: — sometime past. 

jalag, adj., adv.; also apenas; §calag; 
escaso: — scarce; not plentiful; seldom 
met^with; seldom; a few times; rarely. 

jalang, r. tr.; also asusta; jongang: — 
to frighten; to startle; to terrify. 

jalayon yan jeduyon: — elastic; re- 
bounding. 

jal6; V. tr.; also guaje:— to pull out by 
the roots; to grub; to root out of the 
ground; to dig up. 

jal^, n.: — root. 

jal^! (or jalt!):— the equivalent of ''get 
up;" idiomatic expression used by 
drivers of carabaos, 

jaligue, n.; also estaca; jotcon: — post; 
stake; pole; pale. 

jalion, adj.; also jaliyon: — extirpable; 
eradicable (capable of being pulled out 
by the roots). 

jalum, adv.; a^sosanjalum; guijalimi. — 
inside; there within; within. 

jalum, r. i.: — to go in. 

jaluman, v. %.; also malingo jaanifia; 
malingo; matai: — to perish; to lose 
life. 

jalum-tano, n.; also san jalum na 
patte; chagd jalum na patte gui 
tan6: — forest; bush; woods; interior; 
inland . 

jaliio, n.: — shark. 

Jam; jame, pers. pron.: — we; jam: — us. 

Jfi,anafag, adj., adv.; also pasca; que- 
brantayon: — fragile; brittle; easily 
broken. 

jamalefa, adj., adv.; also f&malefa; 
distraido: — forgetful; oblivious; liable 
to be forgotten. 

j&maniente, adj., adv.; jabubu: — sen- 
sitive; touchy; irritable. 

jamas, adv.: — ever; at any time. 

jame, v. tr.: — to warm. 

janilaiigo, adj.; also ja-malafigo: — 
sickly. 

jamoetan, n.: — local name of a spotted 
lancet fish ; body elevated, compressed, 
short; brownish speckled uith round 
white dots; two bluish-white cross- 
bands on the body and one on the 
shoulders; tail armed with spines; 
mouth like the snout of a sheep. 

jamon, n.; — ^ham. 



jamyo 



182 



jenerasion 



jamyo, pers. pron. pluraL—you] jago, 

singular: — you. 

jan&giie, v. i.; also fS>p6sgiie: — ^to go 
through. 

jg,nao, V. tr.,v. i.; also ttl&g; jSrZiau: — 
to go to ; to go away; to leave, 

jg,iiao, r. tr.; also detetmina; destina; 
n&-janao: — to direct; to order; to 
conclude; to determine; to designate; 
tagd: — to direct. 

]'an&otate, adv.; also debuetta (Sp.): — 
backwards. 

jancut, n.: — local name of a fish having 
upper javr short, lower jaw prolonged 
into a beak. 

janda, »i.;— a call (to chase away a dog). 

jiiigai, I . fr.; oZso malagd; tanga: — to 
want to; to will. 

janjan, v. %.: — to threaten with raised 
forefinger. ^ 

janon, v. tr.; also songgue; sunog: — to 
burn up. 

janum, n..' — water. 

janum enestila, n.: — distilled water. 

januni maasen, 7i.; also chiguan:^ 
brine: pickle. 

j&Of pron,; also written ^bm.:— you; sing.^ 
used objectively. 

j&of, 71.; also pecho: — breast. 

jara, n.; also gutgttreta: — pail for 
carrying water; jar; earthenware pot 
or vessel; jug; pitcher; crock; water 
jug- 

jasan, ndj.^ adv.; also escaso; rare: — 
rare; unusual; few; not many. 

ja&an, n.; oho mfi-tainalang: — famine; 
extreme dearth; scarcity. 

jasay&ijon, v. i.; also faso; jinason- 
naijon: — to bear in mind; to remem- 
ber. 

jasngon, adj., adv.; also adrede; de- 
pots! ma-jasuye: — premeditated; de- 
signed; intentional. 

jasngot, 71.: — ginger. 



jaso 



tr. 



i.: — to think; te cogitate; 



to reflect upon; to be of the opinion. 

jaso^ i\ tr,; also man jaso; atan; con- 
templa: — to recollect; to call to mem- 
ory: to observe; to contemplate; to 
view; jaso desde antes: — to forecast; 
to predict, 

jaspog, i\ Lt.; also bula; tujus: — to 
satiate. 

jaspog, p. p.: — sated; satiated. 

jasta^ n.: — flag mast. 

jasta, conj.; jasta que (Sp.); asta; asta 
que; — until. 

jasta ngaian; also wriUen asta 
ng&ianP — until when? 

jasta pagO| adv.; also jagasja: — ^hereto- 
fore; previously; hitherto. 

jasule, n.: — name of an ell living in fresh- 
water streams. 

j&-sulon, adj., adv.; also fanlatflan; latd 
paligs^: — slippery. 

jastisuye, adj.; also intension^o: — 
" intending. 



jasuye, v. It.; also nft-jaso; recuetda 

jixiasonfi&ijozx; atotgaye comet- 

8io:~to calculate; to estimate; to con- 
sider; to resolve; to intend; to remind; 
to put in remembrance; to ca^ to mind 
of; to speculate. 

ja£uye dexuasiao, v. i.: — to brood; to 

worry; to indulge in melancholy 

meditation- _ 

j&talapos, adj.; also nxasapalang: — 

ragged; rent or worn into rags; destitute. 
jat(£[n, n.; also juetto; juerto:— garden. 
jatdin de friitas: — orchard; an inclosure 

of fruit trees, 
jatdinero, n.: — gardener. 
jatxne, v. tr,:— to enter; to go into; to 

come into; to penetrate; to attack sud- 
denly^ to suprise (the enemy). 
jatp6n, n.: — ^harpoon. 
jatsa, V. tr.: — to lift. 
jatsa, V. i.; also cajat; cajul6; n§,- 

cajuld: — to rise; to ascend; to begin to 

stir, 
jatsa, V. tr.; also n8r-cajul6: — to erect (on 

a foundation); to promote; to advance; 

to raise to higher rank; also jala jul6; 

isa: — to hoist; to lift or raise with 

tackle, 
jatsamiento, n.; also plaito: — ^rebellion; 

tumult; insurrrection. 
jatsamiento, v. tr., v. %.; also embeste; 

jumatsamiento; yauyau:— to rebel; 

to mutiny; to revolt; to assail; to seize; 

to attack. 
jattitungdjS,, adv.: — knowingly. 
jatungo umatte, adj.: — artful; cunning. 
jau {or jao), pers. pron,: — thou (used 

following a verb), 
jau jau, n.: — barking of a dog. 
jaujau, V. i.: — to bark; to howl; to 

bellow. 
jaye? — who? which? 
jayejS,; masea jaye: — whoever. 



jayo, 



also tabla: — wood; lumber; 



timber; firewood. 

jay on matutong, n.: — fuel; combusti- 
ble material for supplying a fire; fire- 
wood for the kitchen. 

jebiyas, n.: — buckle; clasp. 

jechura, n.; also inaregla: — kind; char- 
acteristic; shape; exterior; method; 
systim; order. 

jechuran t&otao, n.: — humanity; man- 
kind ; also unaanidlid; jechurafia 
gui sagaiia: — situation; position. 

j6cu!k, n.; duda; jinecura: — doubt; un- 
certainty of mind.. 

jedo, V. i.; also majedo; xnacalejlo: — to 
shrivel; to dry up; to become wrinkled; 
to become disheartened; to crumple {ex., 
paper). 

jedo, V. tr.: — to tuck up (the skirt). 

jefe, n.: — chief. 

jeleiigga, n.: — syringe; squirt. 

jemplo, n.: — legend; a romantic story. 

jenerasidn, n. — generation. 



jenero 



183 



jiniffnef 



3§iiero, n.; — gender; grammatical dis- 
tinction of sex (sixLan^an para u di- 
nistlngui cao laje pat palauan pat 
ni uno). 

j6ngguan, adj.,^ adv., adv. conj.; also 
j^ongguiyon; jUngguan: — perhaps. 

jSnp'guan, adj., adv.; also jongguiyon; 
jtmgguan:— probable; likely; veriaim- 
ilar. 

j#nio, n.; also umot: — mood; temper of 
mind; frame of mind; character. 

jenn|^aii, n.; — mob; rude, disorderly 
cvowd. , 

jenn|;an, n.: — greed; avarice; greediness; 
also tailaye: — vile man; a base man. 

jenngan, adj., adv.: — eelf-eeeking; self- 
ish; avaricious; greedy; niggardly. 

jentan, v. tr.; also gachS,; soda: — to 
meet; to find; to recover. 

jeografia, n.: — geography. 

jeoraetria, n.; — geometry, 

jeraniienta, n.: — tool; instrument. 

jeraniientapararrian-aprieta: — clamp. 

jereria, n.; — smithy; a amith's workshop. 

jerero, n.: — blacksmith. 

jerida, n.; also defecto; chetnot: — de- 
fect; 8ore; wound; abscess. 

jetbana, v. tr.; also patche: — to patch 
together, 

jicamas, n.: — local name lor yam bean or 
turmp bean; usually eaten raw, but is 
also prepared with oil and vinegar in 
the form of a salad. 

jich.oin, n.; — shutters; also tennpe: — 
cover. 

jigado, n, — liver. 

jigante, n,: — giant; a man of extraordi- 
nary stature. 

jigfu-ef, V. tr.; also jongang: — to surprise; 
to take unawares; to lay hold of. 

jigum, n.: — local name of a email-mouthed 
fish of the same family as the tatalum 
and tatamung (which see). 

jijijot, n.; also adbiento: — advent. 

jijocog, adj.y adv.; also fafapus: — transi- 
tory; fleeting; perishable. 

jijoroba, adj., adv., also mimolestia; 
tai-ma jgong: — annoying ; troublesome. 

jijosguan, n.: — distrustful person. 

jijot, adj.: — adjacent; close to. 

jijoty adj., adv.; also gusi; cadadei: — 
brief; short; concise. 

jila, r. tr.; also na-quilolog: — to spin. 

jHera, n.: — row (of houses). 

jilital, n.: — local name for a bird-eating 
lizard. 

jilo, n.: — thread. 

jilon, n.; also pedason magago ni 
dalalai:— tape; narrow band of linen or 
cotton cloth. 

jildfLa, prep.; also sanjil6; ayo; jijot:— 
over; above; upon; on; at; near. 

jllon diotda, n.: — basting thread. 

y jil6 ogB6 n.: — on the peak of a hill; 
on the top of a mountain; puntan 
ogsd^ — peak of a hill; top of a moun- 
tain. 



jinafa, n.; also jafa; gUiniya; sus- 
taxisia: — object; thing; being; sub- 
stance; matter. 

jinafnd y tasi: — rising water; incoming 
tide. 

jinagoi^, n.; also alentos; alientos: — 
breath. 

jlnagong: ua fejxxian, v. i.: — to pant.; to 
breathe hard. 

jinalum, n.; also written jinalom:— 
heart; the inner man; soul. 

jixxalum, n.; also entrada; jizialoiu: — 
entrance; the act of entering. 

jinalum, adj.; also jinalom; jalum; 
jalom: — mental; pertaining; to the 
mind; intellectual; fancied; imaginary. 

jinanao, n.: — departure; also pattida; 
aalida: — sailing; also jinanau: — de- 
livery; the act of delivering. 

jinastt^une, n.; also tina'mauleg;. 
tin&mauleg; mallsia: — malice; delib- 
erate; mischief, 

jinaso, n.; also sentido; uin6t; ra- 
s6n: — memory; reason; thought; mind; 
intellect; understanding; wit; humor; 
reason. 

jinaso, n.; also jufsio; min6jnalom; 
decreto: — decree; sentence; judg- 
ment; ma jaso: — realization; accom- 
plishment; idea; gitinaiya: — fancy; 
idea; notion; liking. 

jinason atmariao, n.: — delirium (in 
fever); aberration of the mind. 

jinasonfL&ijon; also jasayaijon; jaso: — 
to bear in mind; to remember. 

jinatme, n.; also atochocho para una 
tailaye: — invasion; hostile incursion. 

jinatme, v. tr.; also chinepchop: — to 
saturate; to soak; to imbue. 

jinatme manglS, n.: — flatulence; dis- 
tension of the stomach, caused by gases. 

jineca, n.; cosecha; y quin^co:-— 
harvest. 

jinecura, n.; also duda; jecuS,; jinS- 
cuS,: — doubt; uncertainty of mind. 

jinegsS,, n.; also pugas; the: — ^rice. 

jinemeninatan, n.; also put en-mat a: — 
eyesore; anything that offends the 
sight. 

jinemiom, n,: — darkness. 

jinemld, n.; also num&lo: — recovery; 
restoration to health. 

jineml6, n.; also sal^d: — health; condi- 
tion of health. 

jinenggue, n.; also fe; sentido; incli- 
nasidn: — belief; faith; notion; incli- 
nation. ^ 

jinefid, n.; also ninatailaye; guineng- 
gon^; minattrata; mattrato: — mal- 
treatment; oppression. 

jineroba, n,; also minelestia: — annoy- 
ance; molestation. 

jinetbana, n.; also jetbana:— quilting 
seam. 

jinlgua, n.; — sudden squall; gale; a 
strong wind. 

jiniguef, n.; also emboscada: — ambush.. 



jinilat 



184 



mo 



Jinilat, n.; also iinejman; fuetsa; 
zninetg^ot; najong*; rdnaai&a: — 

strength; force; power; vigor; efficiency; 
effectual agency; ability. 
jinilat maisa: — self-control; self-denial. 
"iniyon^j n.; also written jiniyung: — 
enect; consequence; final result; out- 
come, 
ipato, adj.; also bdgsion: — pale; light 

colored. 
ipocresia, n.: — hypocrisy. 
'ip6crit6, n.; aha written ipocresia; ipo- 
crito; also cad6 mamamauleg:— 
hypocrite; dissembler, 
jist^ria, n.: — hysteria; nervous paroxysm 

of laughter or weeping, 
ita, p«'s. pron.: — we; jit: — us. 
jiting, n.: — name of a large fish resem- 
bling the sesyan (which see). 
iyug, n.: — local name applied to a beau- 
tiful surgeon fish; has white spine, yel- 
low, black, and blue stripes, and a ring 
about the mouth . 
oben, adj., also patgon: — youthful; 

fresh; vigorous; young; juvenile. 
oca, V, tr.; also fanfS; itin^; recoje; 
nfii-etnon: — to pluck; to pick off; to 
gather. 
ocog, adj.; also nialen|^o or malingo: — 

gone; ruined; lost. 
ocog-iialang, v. i.; also cand. m&tai 
fialang: — to starve; to suffer extreme 
hunger. 
^oflag, v. tr.: — to lick. 
36gadot, n.: — gambler; one who gambles 

as a business. 
j6giie, v. tr.: — to carry (a child). 
joguete, n.; also chicheria:— gewgaws; 

toy. 
jfijomjom, n.; lemlem t&otao: — dark- 
ening; twilight; gloaming. 
jdjosguan, adj.: — envious. 
jome, V, tr,: — to darken; to cast a shadow 
upon; to overshadow; to refract; to 
break the natural course of light, vision, 
etc. 
jornjom, adj.: — obscure; dark; illegible I 
f-ecluded; humble; dusky; destitute o^ 
light. 
jornjom, adj.y adv.; also n&zua&fiao: — 
gruesome; horrible of aspect; inspiring 
gloom or horror. 

jonjom na cuatto: — ^a dark apartment. 

jornjom uchau, n.; also map9.ga}eB: — 
cloud. 

joml6, V. tr., v. L; also num&lo: — to re- 
vive; to recover life; to recover from 
sickness. 

jomlo t&lo, n.; aUo luin&l&; Jiiieml6: — 

revival; renewal of life, 
jougang, r. tr.: — to amaze; to confound; 

to stun with fear; to astonish. 
jo]Qga£^, V. tr,; also filfLagile; azninasa; 

nl'ma&filao: — to scare; to frighten; to 

strike with sudden fear, 
jongang, v. i.; also niajon|;an|^; maj- 

n§a:— to be frightened. 



jofi|:^ue, 1). tr,; also osgue; pdlo:— to 
belxeve; to yield; to submit; to concede; 
to^inducej to persuade; to cause. 

jonggue, adj.^ adv.; also deboto; man- 
ionggue; Jenggue: — devc^ut; true; 
believing. 

Jongguiyofo, adv., conj.; also acaso; 
can&; sffiajS,; jtingguan or jotig- 
guan: — perhaps; may be; by chance. 

jonggfuiyon, adj.: — credible; worthy of 
belief. 

jongguiyon, adj., adv.; also siiiaj^: — 
likely; verisimilar; probable. 

jo£id, V. tr.;.also tugong; o prime; ga- 
chS.; nlb-lamen; gugo^: — to press 
down; to crush (with the hand); to at- 
tack; to take hold of; to suppress; to 
subdue; to crush; to maltreat. 

joroba, v. tr.; also nH-ch&tsaga; mo- 
lestia: — to annoy; to molest. 

jdsguan, adj., adv., also sospechoso: — 
distrustful; suspicious. 

jo tea, n.; — ^gallows. 

jotca, V. tr.; also fsttinas: — to execute. 

jotcon, -n.;— pillar; a column to support 
a building. 

jotgue, V. %.: also susede: — to befall; to 
happen. 

jotma, V. tr.: — to mold; to do; to build. 

jotnalero, n.; also peon: — day laborer; 
helper; piece in the game of checkers. 

jotne, V. tr.: — to pierce; to pull through 
(a cord); to mount (a horse or bull); to 
thread a needle (jotne ni y jilo y 
jaguja). 

jotno, n.; also fogon: — baking oven; 
oven; hearth. 

jotnon afog, n.: — limekiln. 

jotyat, V. tr.; also raspa; safe: — to 
scrape off; to scratch off; to brush. 

joyo, n.; also trinchera: — trench; ditch; 
excavation; furrow; well; pit. 

jubenttid, n.: — youth, 

juchom, V. tr.; also encaja; engatsa; 
also written juchum: — to inclose; to 
incase; to frame; to debar; to shut 
out; to exclude. 

juchom duro, v. tr.; also juchom duro; 
napangpafil*; — to slam; to shut vio- 
lently and with a loud noise. 

jiiebes, n.; — Thursday. 

jiiego, n.; also jugando:— game; a 
sport or diversion; fun; frolic. 

jUego de bolaa: — bowling game. 

jUegon salape, v. %.: — to gamble; to 
play for money. 

Jii^s, n.: — judge. 

jugando; jumugando, v. %.: — to play. 

juguajnozn, v. i.: — to dissolve; to melt; 
to become thin. 

jugum, V, tr.: — to press out; to oppress. 

jugQpaUy n.; also written jugtipao: — a 
black surgeon fish. 

juJ^io, 71.; also sentSneia; plSrito: — 
sentence; judgment; decision; law- 
suit; process of law; court proceeding. 

jujo, V. tr.; also soyd; ofrese; com- 
bida: — to bid; to make an offer of. 



jttjO 



185 



laje 



jujo, V. tr.j also agafigue; soy6:— to 
invite. 

jula, V. tr.f V. i.: — to swear; to take oath 
to; to pledge by oath. 

jula, n.: — tongue. 

julat, V. ir.; also k^&&\i; petde; cho- 
mS.: — to overcome; to reduce to sub- 
jection; to conquer; to forbid; to van- 
quish. 

julatj V. tr,; also tutu; don^-do^: — to 
beat; to pound. 

jule, n.; alsovde: — oilcloth. 

^iilio, n.: — ^July. 

julo, n.: — thunder. 

Julog, V. tr.f V. i.; also chaca; nfl,- 
chac&; znajlog: — snap; to break 
short or inatantaneously; to crack. 

julon, n.; also laAg&s; xuagMaje; 
gobietnaddt: — magistrate ; governor. 

julos, V, tr.: — to smooth out. 

y jum&jalom, n.; also g^n&nsia: — in- 
come; the gain from labor, business, 
property, or capital. 

juixxalum, v. i.: — to suj)pose. 

Jumdnao, v. i.; also written jumanau:— 
to proceed; to advance. 

iuxnUnao para otro tand: — to emigrate. 

jumanau julli, arft;..*~upward. 

jura6cu4, adj., adv.; also dudoso; 
jum^jeculL:— doubtful; dubious; ques- 
tionable; undecided; undetermined. 



Juimjot, V. I.; also subida; chijit:— to 

approach ; to draw nearer, 
jumuyongfla, v. i.; also resutta; 

jiiuyoxig::&a: — to result; to follow as a 

consequence, 
Juxnuyozigfia, n.; also jiniyongfia: — 

result; consequence, 
juna, adj.; also bineno; t&tatse; jl- 

juna: — ^poisonous. 
Juna, n.; also bineno; jtjuna: — poison, 
jtzngguan, adv.^ conj.; also sifLaj^; 

puedejil: — haply; perhaps; may ba; by 

chance, 
jimgog, v. tr.f V. i.: — to hear; to listen, 
jungucon, adj.; also ecungucon:—- 

audible; capable of being heard. 
jtmio, 71,; — ^June, 
Junta, n.; also inetnon: — ^assembly; 

group; society. 
junto, n.: — fat; salve. 
jungan; also jdo: — ^yes. 
jusga, V. tr.: — to award; to adjudge; to 

bestow. 
juste, adj., adv.; gasgas; tlupinetju- 

dica: — impartial; free from partiality; 

unprejudiced; fair; just. 
juste, adj., adv.; also tunas: — ^just. 
juto, V. tr.; also written jutu: — to use up; 

to spread; to weed out. 
juto, n.; also gag4 gaponulo: — ^louse. 
juyung! adv., inter j.: — outside! out! 

get out! 



L. 



la-, prefix: — denotes ascendant degree 

(see **Goncise grammar," p. 11). 
la-abxnam: — for some time; for quite 

some time. 
laba, V. tr.; also luluque; daba: — to nail; 

to fasten. 
labandera, n.: — ^laundress. 
labaddt, n.; also palangana or palar^- 

gana: — ^lavatory; retiring room. 
l&bios, n.: — lips. 
labit, n.: — violin, 
labia,!;, tr.; also written labbla: — to carve; 

to form a design by cutting in wood, 

stone, etc. 
labon, adj.: — ^tailless. 
lach^, V. %.; also lalacha: — to wallow in 

the mud; to lay down in the mud 

(referring to the habit of the carabao). 
lg.chai, V. tr.; also nSr-yafai: — to consume; 

to use up entirely (leaving nothing) ; to 

exhaust; to drain. 
lache, adj.; also isao: — ^amiss; wrong; 

faulty. 
lache, n:; also ninftt&ilaye, inechong: 

wrong; fault; injiu-y; injustice. 
Ig,chog, V. i.; also doc6; mailuso: — to 

shoot forth; to sprout. 
lacre, n.; also cola: — sealing wax. 
lactus, n,; also tftucS.: — thistle; thorn, 
ladera, n.;— cliff ; rock. 
ladjiyo, n.; also teja: — brick; tile, 
ladrdn, n.; also saque: — thief. 



laet, V. tr.: — to hurt; to grieve. 

laet, 71.; also lalaet: — gall; the brie. 

lagnos, V. tr.; also goane; also written 
lagnus: — to draw out; to pull out; to 
sprain a joint, 

lagd, p. p.: — melted; n&-lagd, v. i.: — to 
melt; l§,lag6: — melting. 

lagd, n.: — tear. 

lago, n.; also gui lago; san lago:— 
north. 

lagae, v, ir., v. i,: — to sew; to stitch, 

l&gsisi, V. tr.: — ^to ejaculate; to utter sud- 
denly. 

lS.gua, n.: — net, 

la-guadog, v. tr.: to deepen. 

laguand, n.: — vernacular for the soursop, 
a small tree bearing large dark-green 
fruit having a si>iny skin and filled with 
a soft white juicy acid pulp; the na- 
tives make a jelly of it and preserve the 
fruit. 

laguna, n.; also jagoy: — sea; lagoon- 
lake; a large body of water surrounded 
by land. 

lai, n.: — ^law; j urisprudence; judicial proc- 
ess. 

l&iguan, n.: — local name for a fish of the 
mullet variety; called lisa by the Span- 
ish; has a flat head, large scales, a sil- 
very body with slight wash of yellow; 
is a favorite food fish. 

laje, n.; also t&otao; — man; male. 



jttjO 



185 



laje 



jujo, V. tr.j also agafigue; soy6:— to 
invite. 

jula, V. tr.f V. i.: — to swear; to take oath 
to; to pledge by oath. 

jula, n.: — tongue. 

julat, V. ir.; also k^&&\i; petde; cho- 
mS.: — to overcome; to reduce to sub- 
jection; to conquer; to forbid; to van- 
quish. 

julatj V. tr,; also tutu; don^-do^: — to 
beat; to pound. 

jule, n.; alsovde: — oilcloth. 

^iilio, n.: — ^July. 

julo, n.: — thunder. 

Julog, V. tr.f V. i.; also chaca; nfl,- 
chac&; znajlog: — snap; to break 
short or inatantaneously; to crack. 

julon, n.; also laAg&s; xuagMaje; 
gobietnaddt: — magistrate ; governor. 

julos, V, tr.: — to smooth out. 

y jum&jalom, n.; also g^n&nsia: — in- 
come; the gain from labor, business, 
property, or capital. 

juixxalum, v. i.: — to suj)pose. 

Jumdnao, v. i.; also written jumanau:— 
to proceed; to advance. 

iuxnUnao para otro tand: — to emigrate. 

jumanau julli, arft;..*~upward. 

jura6cu4, adj., adv.; also dudoso; 
jum^jeculL:— doubtful; dubious; ques- 
tionable; undecided; undetermined. 



Juimjot, V. I.; also subida; chijit:— to 

approach ; to draw nearer, 
jumuyongfla, v. i.; also resutta; 

jiiuyoxig::&a: — to result; to follow as a 

consequence, 
Juxnuyozigfia, n.; also jiniyongfia: — 

result; consequence, 
juna, adj.; also bineno; t&tatse; jl- 

juna: — ^poisonous. 
Juna, n.; also bineno; jtjuna: — poison, 
jtzngguan, adv.^ conj.; also sifLaj^; 

puedejil: — haply; perhaps; may ba; by 

chance, 
jimgog, v. tr.f V. i.: — to hear; to listen, 
jungucon, adj.; also ecungucon:—- 

audible; capable of being heard. 
jtmio, 71,; — ^June, 
Junta, n.; also inetnon: — ^assembly; 

group; society. 
junto, n.: — fat; salve. 
jungan; also jdo: — ^yes. 
jusga, V. tr.: — to award; to adjudge; to 

bestow. 
juste, adj., adv.; gasgas; tlupinetju- 

dica: — impartial; free from partiality; 

unprejudiced; fair; just. 
juste, adj., adv.; also tunas: — ^just. 
juto, V. tr.; also written jutu: — to use up; 

to spread; to weed out. 
juto, n.; also gag4 gaponulo: — ^louse. 
juyung! adv., inter j.: — outside! out! 

get out! 



L. 



la-, prefix: — denotes ascendant degree 

(see **Goncise grammar," p. 11). 
la-abxnam: — for some time; for quite 

some time. 
laba, V. tr.; also luluque; daba: — to nail; 

to fasten. 
labandera, n.: — ^laundress. 
labaddt, n.; also palangana or palar^- 

gana: — ^lavatory; retiring room. 
l&bios, n.: — lips. 
labit, n.: — violin, 
labia,!;, tr.; also written labbla: — to carve; 

to form a design by cutting in wood, 

stone, etc. 
labon, adj.: — ^tailless. 
lach^, V. %.; also lalacha: — to wallow in 

the mud; to lay down in the mud 

(referring to the habit of the carabao). 
lg.chai, V. tr.; also nSr-yafai: — to consume; 

to use up entirely (leaving nothing) ; to 

exhaust; to drain. 
lache, adj.; also isao: — ^amiss; wrong; 

faulty. 
lache, n:; also ninftt&ilaye, inechong: 

wrong; fault; injiu-y; injustice. 
Ig,chog, V. i.; also doc6; mailuso: — to 

shoot forth; to sprout. 
lacre, n.; also cola: — sealing wax. 
lactus, n,; also tftucS.: — thistle; thorn, 
ladera, n.;— cliff ; rock. 
ladjiyo, n.; also teja: — brick; tile, 
ladrdn, n.; also saque: — thief. 



laet, V. tr.: — to hurt; to grieve. 

laet, 71.; also lalaet: — gall; the brie. 

lagnos, V. tr.; also goane; also written 
lagnus: — to draw out; to pull out; to 
sprain a joint, 

lagd, p. p.: — melted; n&-lagd, v. i.: — to 
melt; l§,lag6: — melting. 

lagd, n.: — tear. 

lago, n.; also gui lago; san lago:— 
north. 

lagae, v, ir., v. i,: — to sew; to stitch, 

l&gsisi, V. tr.: — ^to ejaculate; to utter sud- 
denly. 

lS.gua, n.: — net, 

la-guadog, v. tr.: to deepen. 

laguand, n.: — vernacular for the soursop, 
a small tree bearing large dark-green 
fruit having a si>iny skin and filled with 
a soft white juicy acid pulp; the na- 
tives make a jelly of it and preserve the 
fruit. 

laguna, n.; also jagoy: — sea; lagoon- 
lake; a large body of water surrounded 
by land. 

lai, n.: — ^law; j urisprudence; judicial proc- 
ess. 

l&iguan, n.: — local name for a fish of the 
mullet variety; called lisa by the Span- 
ish; has a flat head, large scales, a sil- 
very body with slight wash of yellow; 
is a favorite food fish. 

laje, n.; also t&otao; — man; male. 



laje 



186 



latga 



;1 .' 



laje J adj.: — masculine; pertaining to a 
man. 

laje na patgou, n.: — son; a male child. 

lajyan, adj.; also raSgai: — many numer- 
ous. 

lajyan, adv.; also mSgal: — much; great in 
quantity or amount. 

lajyan man^acanta, n.: — chorus; a 
number singing in concert. 

1S1&, adj., adv.; also robusto: — alive; vi- 
vacious; full of life; lusty; robust; vigor- 
ous; healthy. 

lala, V. i.: — to live; to exist; to have life. 

ISia, adj.; also ti xnala^o; brabo:— 
hale; sound bodily. 

lalabit, n.: — violin player. 

IMache an cumuentos, v. %.; also tu- 
mattamudo: — to stammer; to falter in 
speaking. 

y lalagse, n.: — sewer. 

lala j en guera, n.; also guerero sija: — 
warriors. 

lalala, adj., adv.; also brabo:— living; 
alive; quick. 

lalalaja, r. ir.; also t&tatte matai: — to 
survive; to outlive, 

lalaio, r. i,: — to snarl; to growl, (like an 
angry dog) (taigiiiji y lalfi,lal5 na 
galago). 

lalan^ja, n.: — local name for the shad- 
dock, a variety of orange; not eaten by 
the natives; sometimes eaten by the 
European foreigners, but its flavor is 
not especially good. 

lalango, adj., adv.; also tSisiniente: — 
senseless; fainting; in a swoon. 

lalango, v. %.; also mamaitaguan: — to 
faint; to fall in a swoon. 

lalangofiaijon, n.: — faint; swoon. 

lalatde, r, tr.; also la-latde: — to scold; 
to reprove; to chide; to treat roughly. 

lalatde talc, i. tr.; also tumalo la 
lalo: — to retort; to oppose; to object. 

lalatde tMo, v. tr.; also tumS-lo lalald; 
ope; contra: — to retort; to oppose; to 
object. 

lalat-diyon, adj.; also isao; culpable: — 
reprehensible; deserving censure; cul- 
pable. 

lalo, 71.; — fly. 

la-magong, t. i.; also znagong: — to re- 
cui>erate; to become leas severe. 

lamas, v. i.; also putlilo: — to rot; to 
spoil; to decay; to decline or fall; to 
become decomposed; to putrefy. 

lamas, adj.; oho ytiyog: — overripe; rot- 
ten (ex., fruit). 

lamasa, n . : — table ; planta y lamasa: — 
to^set the table. 

lamen, v. tr.; also n^-lamen: — to beat; 
to wound. 

lamen tasidn, 71.,* afso inigun^; lamen- 
to; yanto: — lament; song of woe; 
moan; wail. 

lamit&, adt.; ai«o empfe; nxeyo; medio 
(Sp.y.—Yialt 



lamlam, adj.; dso claro; puro; m&la^; 

niafiifiila:— clear; bright; pure; bril- 
liant; sparkling; lustrous; shining; 

glistening; casting radiance, 
lamlam.; mailos, adj.: also nulido:— 

polished; furbished. _ ^ 
lamog, V. i.; also mutong: — to stink; to- 

emit a etroi^ offensive odor. 
lampaso, n.: — cleaning rag; polishing 

cloth, 
lampaso nS g&itegpong: — mop; im- 
plement for washing floors. 
lana, n.: — wool, 
lafia^ n.; also asiite: — oil. 
lanan, v. i.: — to snore. 
lanchero, n.; also sementerero; guS- 

guasan: — farmer; peasant, 
lanchita, n.: — yacht, 
lancho, n,; also sadi-gane; liasienda 

(Sp.): — shack; hut; cabin; ranch; 

farm, 
la^a, n.: — dupe; one easily tricked; 

credulous person. ^ ^ 

langfi,, adj., adv.; also ilan^fi.; baba; 

totpe: — stupid; foolish; silly; dull; 

simple. 
la''ngayao, 7i..* vernacular for the marsh 

fern, a large robust fern growing in 

marshy places; common in the marshes 

near Agaiia. 
langit, n.; also fitmamento (Sp.); 

paraiso: — sky; heaven; firmament;. 

paradise. 
laniya, n.; also flanelai-^flannel; shirt. 
lansa, n.: — fiance, 
lanseta, n.:— lancet, 
lao, n.; also banda; oriya: — side, 
laong, n.; also bago: — ^tramp. 
l&olao, n.; also writtm ISulau: — quiver; 

throb; palpitation, 
l&pida, n,: — ^tombstone. 
lapis, 71.; — pencil. 
larguero, n.; latguero: — shaft (of a 

vehicle). 
lasa, V. tr.: — to rub; to knead; to apply 

massage; to press. 
lasarlno, n.; also ategtog:— leprosy; 

leper, 
lasas, n.; also ddgas; carac6t; lasas^ 

jayo: — shell; skin; crust; rind; husk. 
lasas, V. tr.; also sufan: — to skin; to peel, 
lasas atadog, n.; also b&bale: — eyelid, 
y lasas gui sanjild na banda gui ilo: — 

scalp. 
laso, n.; also 6codo: — ^lasso; loop; snare; 

trap, 
lastre, n.: — ^ballast, 
lat-, prejix: — denoting more, 
lata, n.;— tin box; tin can; metal vessel. 
latS, n.; aUo satna; bosbos: — ^itch; scab; 

scurf. 
latigaso, v. tr., v. i.; also nfi.-b61embao y 

mtigo: — to apply chastisement; to 

wield the rod. 
I&t-f6nal inter;.:— forward! advance! 
latga, adj., adv.; also embidiosa; egg6;. 

J6josguan: — envious; jealous; grudg- 
ing. 



i : 



latg^a 



187 



linlmatan 



latga, adj.f adv.; also chattao; mes- 

quino; also written chattau: — stingy; 

avaricious. 
latga-bista, n.: — spyglass; small tele- 
scope. 
latguero, ?i.; pole; shaft (of a wagon). 
llirtigo, n.;— whip. 
Iat6, adj., adv.; also jd-sulon; palagsS; 

fanlat-ttan: — slippery, 
laton, n.; also bronse: — brass. 
lau, conj.; lao; also sin enbatgo, adv.: — 

but; notwithstanding; nevertheless. 
Igriilau, V. %.; also ma yengyong; — to 

quake; to tremble; to shake. 
latilau maS-flaOj v. i.: — to shudder; to 

tremble with fear or horror. 
lauya, n.; aZsocantaro:— cooking kettle. 
layag, n.: — sail. 
l&yau, V. i.:—to stroll around; to go 

around idly. 
layd, V. i.: — to be envious. 
layo, adj., adv.; also taglayo:— envious; 

discontented. 
leba y angcla, v. tr. :~to weigh anchor, 
lebadura, n.;— yeast; sour dough. 
leblo, 71.; also written lebblo: — book. 
leblon cuenta, n..-— ledger; the principal 

account book of a mercantile house. 
lectura, n.: — lecture; formal discourse on 

any subject. 
legdt, adj., adv.; also tunas; confotme 
y lai (or lay) : — legal ; pertaining to law ; 
permitted or authorized by law; legiti- 
mate. 
legitimo, adj., adfi;.— legitimate; conju- 
gal; lawful. 
16gua, n.;— league; mile; miya:— mile, 
lejia, n.: — lye; alkaline solution. 
lej^on, adj.: — shady. 
leliciii, v. tr.; also oriyaye:— to surround; 

to inclose on all sides. 
lemenda, v. tr.;— to mend; to repair, 
lemlemt&otao, n.; also tiguef jomjoin; 
trimste:— gloaming; twilight; gloom; 
melancholy; partial darkness; obscu- 
rity. 
letnog, n.: — pestle; rammer; also falo: — 

beetle. 
lemon, n.: — ^lemon; citron; lime. 
lemonada, n,: — lemonade. 
lemtinayas, n.; also inina: — illumina- 
tion, 
lente, n.; — lens; a glass for changing the 

direction of rays of light, 
le6n, n.; — ^lion. 
leston, n.; also fi-nlaagUe:— edge; ledge 

of wood; lath; strip of wood. 
leaton dfilalai, ri-.;— lisle; a fine thread or 

lace, 
letania, n.; — litany; a solemn responsive 

form of supplication, 
letque, v. tr.; also ebita; — to evade; to 
flee; to avoid sin; to turn out of the way. 
letran atfabeto, n.: — letter of the alpha- 
bet. 
ISyog, adj.; also falcyog: — hollow. 
libettSrd, n.;— liberty; freedom, 
libra, n.;— pound (weight). 



libre, adj., adv.: — free; out of danger; safe. 

lich.en|;, n. .'^tackle; pulley. 

lichera, n.;— dairy; place where milk is 

kept and converted into butter, etc. 
licdt, n.;— liquor. 
Ui; li§, V. tr., v. i.:_ — to see; to look; to 

glance; to perceive, 
liflt, V. f.; also lumifit; caalago: — to 

slink; to creep away, 
lig^as, n.: — garter. 

Uion, adj., adv.; also fi,anog:^isible . 
liUc6, adj., adv.; also echong; 6clau; 
inechoug: — bent; curved; crooked; in- 
clined to do wrong. 
lima, V, tr.: — to file, 
lima, 71.; — file. 
Umite, n.; also oriya:— limit; utmost; 

extent; border; boundary, 
iimite, v. tr.; also restricto: — to restrict; 

to confine; to limit, 
limon, 71.; lemon: — local name for the 
acid lime; small; spherical; with a thin, 
smooth skin, 
limosna, n.: — aim. 
linabla, ti.;— carved work; carving, 
linache, n.; also chin^tan; inabag: — 
fiasco; complete or ludicrous failure; 
error; misunderstanding; lapse; slight 
fault or mistake. 
linailes, n.; also atte: — tricks; wiles, 
linajyan, n.; also pattidon: — party, 
linaia, n.; also bida; adelanto:-— life; 
animate existence; evolution; growth; 
development. 
lin&I& y tS,taotao tMo; also lin&Id, tSilo; 
num^o ja§,ne; nin&lo lin^Ua.:— resur- 
rection, 
linamlam, n.; also minagas; ixnn&- 

lag: — luster; radiance; brightness. 
lina.mon, n.; also pinayon:— experience; 

dexterity; skill, 
Unao, 71.; also written Unau: — earth- 
quake. 
linatga, ac?;.:— enviable; exciting envy, 
linatga, n.; also codisia: — avarice; cu- 
pidity. _ _ 
linau, n.; also written Unao; also yineng- 
y o ng ; y e n^ y o ng: — quake; earth- 
quake. 
linaulau, n.: — ^throb; palpitation; quiver, 
lin&yau, n.; also pinecat: — walk, 
linayd, n.; also in§son; disgusto; dis- 
gustao: — insult; outrage; nausea; dis- 
gust; aversion. 
line a, n.; also raya:— line; length with- 
out breadth. 
lineit,o<?..— lineal; composed of lines; in 

direct line from an ancestor. 
lineca, ti.;— height; altitude; elevatieai. 
linii, n.; also malu: — ^vision; appearance, 
linii y atadog:— eyesight; range of vision. 
Hnijan, n.: — panic; sudden fright, 
linimiento, n.; also amot palai: — ^lini- 
ment; a medicated liquid for rubbing 
into the skin. 
Unimutan, adj.; aho inapulSiyan: — 
moldy; covered with mold. 



linipa 



188 



lumot catdeniya 



linipa, n.; also antula:— fraud; deceit; 
cheating; imposition; humbug. 

limtd^ n.; also mescla;— mortar; mixture, 

lino, n.: — ^linen; a cloth made from flax. 

liof, V. I.: — to dive. 

lipa, v.. tr.: — to conceal; to hide; to 
disguise. 

lirio, n.: — ^lily. 

Urio de pale, n.; — local name for the 
Mexican maguey; an agave bearing 
bulbs which sprout before falling to the 
ground; from the leaves the natives get 
a fiber with which they wrap their 
cigars. 

lisayo, n.; also cadena: — ^rosary; neck- 
lace. 

lis^nsia, n.: — perndasLon; condescension; 
allowance. 

liso, adj.; also majlos; m&fiafiSr: — 
sleek; smooth; glossy. 

lista, n.: — list; index. 

listo, adj.y adv.; also masajegat: — 
active. 

listo, adj., adv.; also tomtom; faye: — 
sagacious; ingenious; quick-witted. 

listo, n.: — quickness; speed; activity. 

listo, adj.; aho preparao: — prepared; 
ready. 

liter&t, adj., adv.: — literal; following 
the exact words, 

literato, n.; also l&mina; estampa; 
plancha: — photograph; picture. 

liti, i\ ti'.: — to mix; to thin out. 

liyang, n.: — cave; cavern. 

lobo, n.:— balloon. 

lobos, n.: — wolf. 

loca, adj., adv.; also xn&gas; tagquilo; 
tagajld: high; prominent; lofty; very 
high; proud, 

locat, adj., adv.: — ^local; pertaining to a 
place. 

loclog, V. i.: — to boil; to cook. 

loco, n.; also caduco: — :lunacy; mental 
unsoundness, 

16cu#, adv., conj.: — also; too; besides. 

lod6, adj.; also yomog; d&ngculo 
tataotaofla: — obese; fat; corpulent. 

logra, V. tr,; also conquista:^to ac- 
quire; to procure by effort; to win by 
conquest. 

logue, ccnj.; also o; pat: — or; other- 
wise; else. 

1616, n.: — cough. 

IdlosoB, V. %.: — rattle in the throat. 

lomo, n.; also caderaa; fianggo; ata- 
yo:— haunch; loins; hip. 

lona, n.: — canvas. 

lonnat, n.; also lonat: — mole; birth- 
mark. 

lofo, n.; — a name applied in Guam to a 
species of parrot lishes; some have 
most beautifully colored bodies with 
striking markings. 

losa, n.; also znapanaa na achd: — slab; 
flat piece of stone, 

losus, adj., adv.; also af&gao ngot- 
ngot: — hoarse. 

loteria, n.; also rifa: — raffle; lottery. 



lotgue, V. £r.;— to fill; to pour in. 

lotgue, V. tr., V. i.; also casi; butlea; 
insutta; luofea: — to mock; to deride; 
to insult; to make fun of, 

lotgun, V. i.: — to fall into a liole or pit, 

Iticau, n.: — procession. 

lucha, n . ; — row ; column . 

luchan, n.; also gui lichan; san li- 
chan:— west. 

Iuch6, adj., arfii,;— acute; ingenious; 
sensible. 

luga, n,; also padet; padit: — ^wall. 

lugat, n.; also sagan; sagayan: — 
place; location; extension; room. 

y lugat S,nai gUigiiiyajS,; also nig,mai- 
saja: — isolation; solitude. 

lujan, V. tr.: — to excite; to animate; to 
arouse. 

lujan, adj.; also espantao: — scared. 

lujurioso, adj.: — luxurious; pertaining to 
luxury. 

l^ai, V. %.: — to go fishing on a moonlight 
night. 

lulog, n.; also prensa; — iron; nail. 

ItUujan, adj., adv.; also escrupuloso; 
pinalalala; chachajinasa: — anxious; 
scrupulous. 

luluque, V. tr.; also claba: — to nail; to 
fasten. 

Xumagas, v. i.; also sulon; lagas: — to 
slide; to glide; to slip. 

liunlila, V. i.: — to exist; to be {in re- 
spect to health). 

lumMS,, n.; also jomlo tMo; — revival; 
renewal of life. 

lumala-guaja, v. i.: — to prosper; to 
thrive. 

lumalald, v. %.; also niuma§,gsoni: — 
to ferment, 

lumS,magof, v. tr; also alibiao; consu- 
ela;^to relieve; to free from pain, 
suffering, or grief. 

lumSjnaaLeg, v. i; also n& lat fSna; ma 
mejora; — to improve; to advance; to 
better one's condition; to make progress; 
to prosper; to thrive. 

lumamegal, v. tr.; also a6menta; m.a 
subi: — to increase; to enlarge; to en- 
hance. 

lumaon^, v. i.; also gumagd: — to tramp 
around; to loaf around. 

luin&-tailaye: — to get worse. 

luma''uya, v. i.; also tiunatnon: — to 
saunter; to wander about idly. 

luniayag, v. i.; also layag: — to sail; to be 
moved by a sail. 

lumban]^, n.; — vernacular name for the 
candle-nut tree; the nuts yield an oil 
v/hich is a mild cathartic, preferable to 
castor oil, causing no nausea, and hav- 
ing a nutty flavor. 

lumos, V. Lr.; also chinepchop; pinafiot; 
fiogftog: — to merge; to absorb; to swal- 
low up. 

lumot, n.: — moss; lichen. 

lumot catdeniyo: — green vegetation 
covering still waters. 



Inmns 



189 



ma enbitsama 



lumus, 11. ir., v. {.; also fiogftog; supug: — 
to submerge (in water); to immerse. 

lumutj n.: — a seaweed; when bleached 
ia the eun it is iised by the natives for 
making jellies. 

lunes, n.: — Monday. 



luiio, adj.; also n\i-unai: — sandy. 
lupis, n.; — woman's skirt, 
lus electrlsid^L, n.; — electric light, 
lusong, n.:- — mortar, 
luto, n.; also triniste: — mouiliing; Bor- 
row; grief. 



M. 



zna-: — prefix of adjectives; also prefix of 
part. perf. pass. 

ma ag6dai, v. tr,; also ma ag^6dai; 
nfi,-lalal6:^to inflame; to excite; to fire 
with passion. 

madfi^som, adj,, adv.; also cacaleg; 
faileg: — sour; acid; tart; bitter. 

xnaS^iiau, v. tr., v. i.; also julat; petde; 
a750 written xna&xlao: — to fear; to be 
afraid of; to overcome; to subdue; to 
conquer; to be overcome; to be sub- 
dued. 

znaSiiau, adj,, adv.; also vjvitteji ma&fiao; 
also cobatde; jalujan: — afraid; timid; 
faint-hearted ; fearful . 

nia>angcla, v. i.: — to come to anchor. 

zna-anula, v. tr.; also ma-cansela; ma- 
rease: — to cancel; to annul. 

zaa-as^, adj., adv.; also y6as€: — kind- 
hearted; benign; gracious; good; com- 
passionate; charitable. 

xnaSrS^, V. i.; also pinite:^ — to have 
compassion. 

xuai.s^, n.; also petd6zi; mina&si; 
inasii : — forgiveness ; pardon . 

zna-&sen, adj.; also inasne: — salted. 

ma-atasca, v. i.: — to become tilled with 
mud (ex., the harbor); to sink (into the 
mud bottom of the lagoon). 

maayeg^ adj.; also guinanye: — selected; 
preferred. 

ma bira, n.; — turn; curve (of the road or 
a river). 

mabotda, n.; also binetda: — embroid- 
ery; a piece of embroidery; bibotda: — 
woman who embroiders; botda, v. tr.: — 
to embroider; to stitch. 

macalamya, adj., adv.: — handy; dexter- 
ous; agile; nimble; alert; brisk; quick, 

macalejlo, n.; also majedo; jedo: — 
wrinkle. 

zuacalejlo, adj.: — wrinkled. 

maean^, v. %.: — to hang. 

ma-cansela, v. tr.; also ma-anula; m.a- 
rease: — to cancel; to annul. 

macar6n , n . : — macaroni . 

xnacat, adj., adv.; also mapot: — heavy; 
difficult. 

ma chachalane, adj.: — instructed. 

xnachagchag catan, n.; — dawn. 

znachalapun, adj.: — scattered; spread; 
diffused; disseminated {ex., sickness, 
teachings, etc.). 

machaleg, adj., adv.; also t£^as6; ti 
maffi.nE''giie:— coarse; stubborn; re- 
fractory; wild; fierce; savage; y6m.aj- 
lao, adj., adv.:—ahy; timid; shunning 
approach. 



machalejgua, p.p.; also namatungd: — 
divulged; diffused; spread abroad (ex., 
rumors spread abroad). 

naachat-atan. adj., adv.; also xnachatlig; 
machat-lainen; ti m.a gu&iya; nS.'- 
jnas&; also written ma chatUt: — hated; 
hateful; abhorred; detestable; odious. 

xnaches, n.; also f6tforos: — match; a 
lucifer. 

m.achete, n.: — bush knife; machete. 

m.acheten-matad6t, n.; — cleaver; a 
butcher's heavy hatchet. 

xnachiug, n.: — ape; monkey. 

machin^, n.: — local name of a fish, the 
mangrove hopper; h;i6 a small, brown, 
flabby body with livid flesh-color 
markings; it leaves the water and hops 
about stones and on Ihe mangrove roots 
and muddy bottom of the salt-water 
mud flats. 

machdchd duro, v. i: — to drudge; to 
labor hard. 

machom, p. 7>..*— clos(3d; coi'^ered. 

ma-colat, n.; also ineriyaye sendalo 
sija: — siege. 

maconS, adj.; also preso: — captured. 

ma-consagra, n.: — transformation; con- 
secration. 

mactan, n.; — gutter; channel for carrjang 
away water. 

ma-cuaja, n.: — milk, curdled. 

maculatum, adj., adv.: — rough (opposite 
of majlos: smooth). 

y madeli^fiende, n.: — client; one who 
emplojs a lawj^er. 

madeja, n.: — skein of thread. 

m.aderas, n.; also trastes: — building 
materials. 

madesocupa, adj.; also tditSotao: — 
desolate;- de])rived of inhabitants; 
abandoned; laid waste. 

madestrosa, v. tr.; also arasa: — to dev- 
astate; to ruin; to desolate; to lay 
waste; to consume; to devour. 

m.adestrosa, adj.: — fallen; degraded; ru- 
ined. 

ma-dirije, n.; also rum^boj direcsifin:— : 
direction; guidance; relative position. 

madog, n.; also atbettura; n^iild; hi' 
naba: — cavity ; aperture; opemng; hole. 

madog atgoya, n..*— hole in which the 
ring in the nose of the carabao "in har- 
ness'* is inserted. 

madog t&taotao, ?i.; — pores (of the 
skin) . 

madfalalagf n.:— expulsion; forcible 
ejection. 

ma enb&tsama, v. tr.: — to embalm. 



Inmns 



189 



ma enbitsama 



lumus, 11. ir., v. {.; also fiogftog; supug: — 
to submerge (in water); to immerse. 

lumutj n.: — a seaweed; when bleached 
ia the eun it is iised by the natives for 
making jellies. 

lunes, n.: — Monday. 



luiio, adj.; also n\i-unai: — sandy. 
lupis, n.; — woman's skirt, 
lus electrlsid^L, n.; — electric light, 
lusong, n.:- — mortar, 
luto, n.; also triniste: — mouiliing; Bor- 
row; grief. 



M. 



zna-: — prefix of adjectives; also prefix of 
part. perf. pass. 

ma ag6dai, v. tr,; also ma ag^6dai; 
nfi,-lalal6:^to inflame; to excite; to fire 
with passion. 

madfi^som, adj,, adv.; also cacaleg; 
faileg: — sour; acid; tart; bitter. 

xnaS^iiau, v. tr., v. i.; also julat; petde; 
a750 written xna&xlao: — to fear; to be 
afraid of; to overcome; to subdue; to 
conquer; to be overcome; to be sub- 
dued. 

znaSiiau, adj,, adv.; also vjvitteji ma&fiao; 
also cobatde; jalujan: — afraid; timid; 
faint-hearted ; fearful . 

nia>angcla, v. i.: — to come to anchor. 

zna-anula, v. tr.; also ma-cansela; ma- 
rease: — to cancel; to annul. 

zaa-as^, adj., adv.; also y6as€: — kind- 
hearted; benign; gracious; good; com- 
passionate; charitable. 

xnaSrS^, V. i.; also pinite:^ — to have 
compassion. 

xuai.s^, n.; also petd6zi; mina&si; 
inasii : — forgiveness ; pardon . 

zna-&sen, adj.; also inasne: — salted. 

ma-atasca, v. i.: — to become tilled with 
mud (ex., the harbor); to sink (into the 
mud bottom of the lagoon). 

maayeg^ adj.; also guinanye: — selected; 
preferred. 

ma bira, n.; — turn; curve (of the road or 
a river). 

mabotda, n.; also binetda: — embroid- 
ery; a piece of embroidery; bibotda: — 
woman who embroiders; botda, v. tr.: — 
to embroider; to stitch. 

macalamya, adj., adv.: — handy; dexter- 
ous; agile; nimble; alert; brisk; quick, 

macalejlo, n.; also majedo; jedo: — 
wrinkle. 

zuacalejlo, adj.: — wrinkled. 

maean^, v. %.: — to hang. 

ma-cansela, v. tr.; also ma-anula; m.a- 
rease: — to cancel; to annul. 

macar6n , n . : — macaroni . 

xnacat, adj., adv.; also mapot: — heavy; 
difficult. 

ma chachalane, adj.: — instructed. 

xnachagchag catan, n.; — dawn. 

znachalapun, adj.: — scattered; spread; 
diffused; disseminated {ex., sickness, 
teachings, etc.). 

machaleg, adj., adv.; also t£^as6; ti 
maffi.nE''giie:— coarse; stubborn; re- 
fractory; wild; fierce; savage; y6m.aj- 
lao, adj., adv.:—ahy; timid; shunning 
approach. 



machalejgua, p.p.; also namatungd: — 
divulged; diffused; spread abroad (ex., 
rumors spread abroad). 

naachat-atan. adj., adv.; also xnachatlig; 
machat-lainen; ti m.a gu&iya; nS.'- 
jnas&; also written ma chatUt: — hated; 
hateful; abhorred; detestable; odious. 

xnaches, n.; also f6tforos: — match; a 
lucifer. 

m.achete, n.: — bush knife; machete. 

m.acheten-matad6t, n.; — cleaver; a 
butcher's heavy hatchet. 

xnachiug, n.: — ape; monkey. 

machin^, n.: — local name of a fish, the 
mangrove hopper; h;i6 a small, brown, 
flabby body with livid flesh-color 
markings; it leaves the water and hops 
about stones and on Ihe mangrove roots 
and muddy bottom of the salt-water 
mud flats. 

machdchd duro, v. i: — to drudge; to 
labor hard. 

machom, p. 7>..*— clos(3d; coi'^ered. 

ma-colat, n.; also ineriyaye sendalo 
sija: — siege. 

maconS, adj.; also preso: — captured. 

ma-consagra, n.: — transformation; con- 
secration. 

mactan, n.; — gutter; channel for carrjang 
away water. 

ma-cuaja, n.: — milk, curdled. 

maculatum, adj., adv.: — rough (opposite 
of majlos: smooth). 

y madeli^fiende, n.: — client; one who 
emplojs a lawj^er. 

madeja, n.: — skein of thread. 

m.aderas, n.; also trastes: — building 
materials. 

madesocupa, adj.; also tditSotao: — 
desolate;- de])rived of inhabitants; 
abandoned; laid waste. 

madestrosa, v. tr.; also arasa: — to dev- 
astate; to ruin; to desolate; to lay 
waste; to consume; to devour. 

m.adestrosa, adj.: — fallen; degraded; ru- 
ined. 

ma-dirije, n.; also rum^boj direcsifin:— : 
direction; guidance; relative position. 

madog, n.; also atbettura; n^iild; hi' 
naba: — cavity ; aperture; opemng; hole. 

madog atgoya, n..*— hole in which the 
ring in the nose of the carabao "in har- 
ness'* is inserted. 

madog t&taotao, ?i.; — pores (of the 
skin) . 

madfalalagf n.:— expulsion; forcible 
ejection. 

ma enb&tsama, v. tr.: — to embalm. 



maestro 



190 



m&isa 



maestro, n.; also acomosinao: — master; 

teacher; boss; foremaxi. 

maetdot, adj.; also timafiiefliente: — 
numb; torpid; deprived of sensation. 

y niafabor§rese, n.; also y etmas ma- 
gu&ij^a: — favorite ; minion ; bosom child . 

mafS-cai, n.; a^so finical :— partition, di- 
vision. 

znafag, n.: — wreck. 

xnafag-atagta^a, adj,, adv.: — pacified; 
quieted; appeased; assuaged. 

maf&jiyung, v. tr.; also chat-guiaiyaj 
faichanag; znasafig-an ti matileg: — 
to despise; to slander. 

ma f&niS.uleg, r. tr.; also ma aregia: — 
to rally; to collect and arrai^e. 

ma t&m&iiieg y nilache: — redress; re- 
lief; reparation of wrong. 

mafafLago, n.; also mafiago; patto: — 
birth. 

mafaflago, v. i.: — to be born, 

mafafiagon, n,; also ftn6''iiana; prime- 
risa: — ^first birth; primogeniture. 

lExafaiiagon y mismo tand, adj.; also 
natibo: — indigenous; native. 

xnafnot^ adj., adv.; also fotnido; met- 
got: — sturdy; stubby; robust; gu4f 
saga; niSipe; umaato^: — snug; con- 
cealed; compact; warm; tight; not loose; 
compactly built; narrow; pressed to- 
gether. 

mafondo, ;o. p.: — sunk. 

mafondo, v. i.: — to sink; to go down; to 
founder (ma-puja y batco). 

maft#, n.; — notch (in a knife edge). 

m.a funas, v. tr.; also ma l&chai: — to 
exterminate; to destroy utterly; to 
obliterate; to efface. 

mafutt, n.: — local name for a fish of the 
snapper variety; of pale greenish color, 
with pinkish hne and tail; sometimes 
hag a black spot on the sides; is 
caught with hook and line, and is a 
favorite food fish. • 

mag4, a£i.j.; also taftaf:— early; unripe. 

magagajet, adj., adt\; also parerejo: — 
exacting, 

magago, n.; also beatido: — material; 
dress; cloth. 

xnagajan, n.: — local name applied to a 
deep green-blue parrot fish, with large 
scales and a parrotlike beak; resembles 
the dafa^ but is smaller. 

xnag^Jejet, adv.; also realmente 
i'Sp.}: — really; with actual existence; 
in truth. 
m.agajet, adj., adv.; also cabales; 
uznaya; minagajet; prfipio: — sure; 
true; confident; sincere; frank; accu- 
rate; exact; real; actually existing; 
genuine. 
magajet, adj., adv.; also fljo: — certain; 

secure; sure, 
magftlaje, n.;— governor; magistrate. 
mag&om. jinalum, v. i.: — to plead earn- 
estly; penitiyiye; agradeaido: — 
thankful; grateful; sympathizing. 



magap, v, i.-— to yawn; to gape; to 

evaporate. 

mfi-gas, 71.; also magl,laje; tatag6; 
julon; s^ina: — magistrate; governor; 
master; lord; tata:— father. 

raftgaa, adj.; also tagajld; gatbo: — 
superb; p^rand; stately; exalted. 

m&gas y batco, n.; also capitan {Sp.)\ 
maestro {Sp.): — skipper; master; sea 
captain. 

m&gas na fsao, n.: — capital sin. 

2nd,gase, v. tr., v. i.; also domina; — to 
govern; to rule; to dominate. 

mfi,gaae, n.; also gu6 jil^:— supervi- 
sion; the act of supervising. 

mAgguag, n.; — mass: a large quantity. 

m^gguag, adj., adv.; also majuto: — 
roomy; broad; wide. 

xnagznata, v. i.: — to waken; to wake up. 

magfil^anite, n.; also satan&s (Sp.)i — 
Satan; the devil. 

magof, n.; — joy; taste. 

naagof , adj.; also gu6f-j&aji; dibettido; 
najoiag: — sunny- bright; cheerful; 
merr>'; delighted; joyous; gay; satis- 
fied; glad; contented. 

ma-goniS, adj.: — beloved; dear. 

ma-gofliS, n.; also g&cho^; abog: — 
friend. 

m.agpd, V. tr.; also monjayan: — to com- 
plete; to finish. 

magpdf adj., adv.; also m.onjan; mon- 
jayan; listo: — ready; prepared at the 
moment. 

maguSf-atan, adj., adv.; also ma- 
guiiya : — liked ; beloved ; favorite . 

xnagu6ftiuS|:d, n.: — ^popularity; general 
esteem. 

magu6ftungd, adj., adv.: — popular; 
pleasing to the people. 

maguem, adj., adv.; also Upagon; 
fotgon; timido (ttd.): — moist; hu- 
mid; damp (preventing an object from 
burning). 

maguem, adj., adv.; also cayao; — 
silent; taciturn; peaceable; pacific; 
circumspect; cautious. 

maguem, adj., adv.; also poble; dea- 
grasiao: — ^poor; needy; miserable. 

magui, adv.; also chuH znagui; gUine 
magui (also written chuld magui): — 
hither; this way. 

males, n.; — ^maize; corn. 

m&lgd, V. L; also descansa; inin41gd: 
to rest; to repose; to sleep. 

maigd fiaijon, v. %.; also fi&lala^ na 
mm&igd: — to slumber; to sleep light- 
ly; to doze. 

m&jo, adj., adv.; also mA-jo: — thirsty. 

va&MkyV. i.: — to come. 

miipe, n.; also minalpe: — heat; warmth. 

m&ipe, adj., adv.;— hot; fiery; passionate, 
miipe na tiempo, n.r — summer, 
mairasta, n.: — stepmother, 
m&isa, 71.: — self; one's own person, 
m&isa, adv.; also Bolamente: — only; 

- singly; merely. 



maisa 



191 



maUsia 



mS-isa, adj.j adv,; also giii^yaja; 
asolas; aislado; solo; retirao gui 
p u m a 1 o ; sumaitt&ue; chinagd :— 

alone; single; by itself; isolated; soli- 
tary; secluded; off-lying; remote; lone- 
some. 
znaiaed., v. i,; also n3.-xnajagd>: — to 



bleed. 
juajalang, u. i.;— to yearn; to feel an 

earnest desire. 
uaajalaiSg, adj., adv.; also mi puti: — 

painful, 
majalaag^, n.; also pinite; xninaja- 

lajS^: — sorrow; mental pain. 
majalaulgue, v. %,; also pinitiye; 

tangse: — to bemoan; to grieve; to 

lament, 
majafias, adj.: — soft; tender (of heart). 
majangu^, adj.^ adv.; also ransio; bijo; 

descalintao: — rancid; fetid; stale; not 

fresh; vapid; tasteless. 
znajedo, v. L; also jedo; sujaye; znaca- 

lejlo: — to shrink; to recoil; to with- 
draw; to contract spontaneously; to 

shrivel; to dry up; to become wrinkled; 

to become disheartened. 
xnajedo, n.; also jedo; xn^calejlo:^ — 

wrinkle. 
xzxajetog, adj.; also fitme:— obdurate; 

hardened in feelings; hard; firm; fast; 

strong. _ „ 

majetbgr ni man^ngieiig^ at/?.;— frozen, 
majg'ong', adj-^ adv.; also matquilo; 

tranquilo:-— quiet; peaceful; tranquil; 

healthy. 
majguef, adj., adv.; also yayas: — tired. 
majlog, n.: — fracture of a bone. 
majlog, adv.; also umadespatta: — 

asunder. 
xuajlog, V. tr.^ v. i.; also n&-chac&; 

julog: — to snap; to break short or 

instantaneously; to crack, 
xaajlos, adj., adv.; also yano: — smooth 

(the opposite of maculatum: rough); 

even; level; plain, 
xnajfiau, v. i.; also tum&lo; n&-nS.lo: — 

to return; to come back again to the 

same place or state; to refrain from an 

action. 
xnajnao, v. tr.; also iiS,-iiiS,jfiao; tS.lo 

tate: — to recall; to call back; to re- 
voke. 
xaajiSgang, a<fj.:-^Btunned| stupefied. 
xaaj^gog^ adj., adv.: — public; celebrated. 
majon!gang, n.: — ^lobster. 
majuto, adj., adv.; also magguag: — 

roomy; broad; wide, 
majuto; also s6n-juto: — exhausted; at 

the end. 
mal&chai, adj.; also linichai; manft- 

yiiai: — all used up; exhausted. 
ma l&chal, v. tr.; also ma funas: — to 

exterminate; to destroy utterly. 
malagt, adj.j adv.; also zxafaileg: — bit- 
ter; sour; acid. 
m a 1 a g : — idiomatic expression for 
"went to." 



mlLlag, adj., adv.; also lamlam.; miLlalag; 
jajanoxx: — ^brilliant; sparkling; lus- 
trous; glittering; radiant; emitting rays 
of light or heat; bright; luminous; 
burning. 

mala-gana, adj., adv.; also triate; tfii- 
minagof ; penite: — sad; in bad humor; 
full of griet. 

inala^d, v. tr.; also deaea; j&ng^ai: — to 
desire; to want; to will; to want to. 

m.alago, v. %.; also pechao; umatog; 
xnalagon umatog; lifit; lumiflt: — to 
scamper; 4.p hasten away; to sneak; to 
creep or steal away privately or meanly. 

malagd, adj., adv.; also g4malag6: — 
wistful; pensive,. 

m.alag6f n.; also nesesita; escaso: — 
want; deficiency; defect. 

malago, v. %.; also falago: — to run; to 
move quickly; to flee for escape. 

malagon t&otao, n.: — fugitive; run- 
away. 

malagd na u saiil^an, v. tr.; also para 
ma sigrnifica: — to imply; to mean; to 
insinuate. 

malagradesido, adj., adv.: — thankless; 
ungrateful. 

malamaQa, adj., adv.; also machaleg; 
bastos; presomido; ti chdcho t3.otao; 
matan lalald: — fierce; wild; savage; 
ferocious; surly; rough; uncivil; churl- 
ish; morose; ill-natured; inhuman; 
cruel; harsh; brusque. 

malafigo, adj., adv.: — sick; ill in health. 

malasas, n.; — bruise. 

inalat^, adj., adv.; also fay^e; sag^e; 
gust; fresco: — learned; skillful; edu- 
cated; smart; clever; sharp; accom- 
plished. 

malat^, n.: — learning; skill in literati,^ re, 
languages, or science; knowledge ac- 
quired. 

m.alayo, adj., adv.: — dry; wilted (leaves) 
troubled. 

malefa, v. tr.: — to forget. 

m.al ejemplo, n.: — bad example. 

m^eta, n.: — suitcase; also balisa (prob- 
ably from English "valise"); boya, 
n,;— buoy. 

maleta, n.; also trastes biaje: — lug- 
gage; effects of a traveler; baggage. 

malil, n.; also linii: — appearance; vision. 

mallnao, adj.: — calm, quiet. 

znalingo, v. i.: — to disappear; to pass 
away; to vanish. 

m-alii^o, n.: — deprivation; the act of 
taking away; loss. 

m.aUi%o, V. tr.; also magap: — to evapo- 
rate. 

malin|:o, adj.; also jocog:— gone; ruined; 
lost. 

mali^o y jinaso, adj.; also aboridc: — 
dazed. 

mal intensionao, adj.: — ill-disposed; 
evil-minded. 

maUsia, n.; also tin&imauleg; jina- 
iS^ne: — malice; deliberate mischief. 



malofan 



192 



maaadaje 



malofan, v, fr.;— to cross; to go past* to 

pass by . 
malulog, atf;., adv.: — free; imtrammeled; 

unhampered. 
maliirAiorado, adj.: — in bad humor; ill- 

hamored. 
iiialuiii6t, n,: — sickening odor; conta- 
giousness. 
mal-umot, v. %.; also inuy6: — to be in a 

bad humor; to be ill-humored; to be 

disgruntled. 
mama, prefix: — ex., mdmag'uinien: — 

drinkable. 
raamS,, yrefix: — ex,^ maiuam&tai: — to 

pretend to be dead. 
mamS., v. a., v. ir.: — to chew (beetle nut). 
iiiania.i35-baba, n.; also^ chasco: — knav- 
ery; cheating; swindling. 
mam^bababa, 71.: — quack; charlatan; 

fakir. ^ 

mamg^bejlga, n.; also pagpag: — blister. 
mdinacano, adj.; also canuon: — edible; 

fit to be eaten as food, 
marnacha, n./ also pinacha: — touch 

(sense oi"). 
mamagasiyan, n.; also famlLgasiyan; 

piia : — vrashbasin. 
xnaiTid^guixnS.; also nte ni xn&iileg zia 

ejemplo; fanft^'gUe ni m^uleg: — to 

edify, 
mamaichechd, v. %.: — to tussle; to 

scuffle; to struggle. 
inainaicli6ch6, n.: — effort; attempt, 
y m&maigd, n.;aho ga-maigo: — sleeper, 
mama-janum, adj,; a^soliquido (5j[?.): — 

liquid; not solid; readily flowing, 
y mfi, naamaila, t?f?j..-~— future. 
mS-maisa, oj^j., adv.; a fso sumajfigue; 

mamiisa 3S,: — single; sole; solitary; 

isolated; singular; unique, 
md-nxaisaj^, n,; also expressed y lugat 

3.Tiai g^iiiguiyaja: — ^isolation; solitude. 
inaniaitg.guaii, v. i.; also l&la^o: — to 

faint; to fall in a swoon. 
xxxB.xn&jlsio^ adj.: — provoked; angry. 
znamgrjlau, v. i.; also ivritten mam&J- 

lao: — to be ashamed. 
m.am&jlau, arf?., adt;.:— ashamed; shame- 
faced. 
mamMaje, adj.^ adv.; also matatxiga; 

tim&ma&nao : — manly ; courageous; 

resolute. 
mazui-m^gas, adj., adv.: also otgu- 

yoso : — stuck-up ; self-opinionated . 
zn&inaniail& na tiexnpo, n.: — future; 

also para zndna: — in the future. 
mam^-zaanesca^ v. tr.; also bate: — to 

brew; to make liquors, 
xuamaxatlt, adj.., adv.: — prolific; fruit- 
ful; fertile. 
xu&raaint&, adj.^ adv.; also jafflag; 

tegch^; gudftand; niep&; zn&manx- 

t^: — prolific (referring to propagation of 

man or animals). 
xnam&niin'Qi, n.; also gma: — pioneer, 
zuamatagd, adj.; also ti xa&gas; y buixl&- 

saga gui pap& otro: — interior; lower; 

Hubordinate. 



mamata^d, arfj.:— inferior, 
ra&niatai, adj.: — mortal. 
tnamat&tate, v. i.; also fiatin^; uxn- 

a^mam: — to hesitate; to loiter; to 

linger; to tarry; to be slow; to fee tardy; 

to hang back, 
maxn&tate^ v. i.; also suniuja; su- 

nxaj^ue: — to straggle; to lag behind, 
y mamltitinas planon guni4:— archi- 
tect. 
ma matquilo, adj.; also quieto: — 

reticent ; silent; reserved ; calm; tranquil, 
ma matqufquilo, adj., adv.; also trau- 

quilo: — quiet; calm; at rest; tranquil, 
zn^maudai, n.; also sendalo ni quina* 

b4bayo : — rider, 
mamaya, adj.; also sifta mslya: — 

navigable. 
m,am&ya, adj.; also ti cabales:-;-siiper- 

ficial; not thorough, 
mamegud, v. }.; also fegud; m.aniocat; 

pocat: — to step; to go on; to tread; to 

walk, 
ma mejora, v. i.; also adelanta; na lat 

f^na; luxniimauleg: — to improve; to 

advance; to better one's circumstances; 

to make progress; to prosper; to thrive, 
y mamSmedos, n.; also y inani6- 

jotde: — climber, 
mame, swj^'x;— indicates belonging to 

us; ours (ex., leblon m.ame:-^tur 

book; chSchdmaxne: — our work.) 
mames, adj., adv.; also bunita or 

bonita (Sp.); amable (Sp.): — lovely; 

charming; agreeable; sweet, 
mamfog, r. tr.: — to weave; to plait, 
mamogpog, v. %,; also manbula: — to be 

swollen, 
maindlo, adj., adv.; also descuidao; 

cliatinam61o: — perfunctory; done 

carelessly or negligently with the 

purpose of getting rid of the duty, 
mampos, adj., adv.: — gross; coarse; rude; 

also timanesesita (maa que y ma 

neaesita): — unnecessary; too much; 

supernumei-ary; exceeding the number 

stated or rec^uired. 
mamuda, adj.; also chicherico: — dressed 

up; dolled up (referring to women), 
y mamtimulan, n.; also sentinela; 

gudtdlat — sentinel; guard; watch, 
y mamund, n.: — murderer, 
mamund, n.; also pinind: — slaughter; 

carnage; killing of cattle » etcr, for 

human food (y man m.apund y guaca 

sija, etc., para nE t&otao). 
mamund, v. tr., v. i.: — to commit 

murder; to murder, 
mamuten t4taotao, n.; also reuma: — 

rheumatism, 
maiia, ?i.; also asana; atte; fLnd.baba: — 

trick; cunning; craft; deceit. 
m.an£l-daii^, adj.: — mixed; mingled, 
manada, n.; also manadan: — herd; 

flock; mass. 
manada je^ v, tr.; also num&sa£gue; 

man recoje: — to hoard; to collect and 

lay up. 



ma IL& calamtenfia 



193 



mafiil& 



ma nS. calamtenfia, n.; also m.a nIL 
jan&u&a: — removal; transfer. 

man adanche, adj.; man aya; simet- 
ric^t: — symmetrical ; proportionate. 

man&dCdid§ 7 mlnSgae; also fineifig- 
n&: — sumnxary of contents. 

y man adddora Sdolo, n,; also idola- 
tria. (Sp.): — idolatry. 

man&-eyag, adj.; also ma chacha- 
lane : — instructed . 

maiiag^e, v. ir.; also saque; chul6- 
guan: — to loot ; to pillage or plunder. 

znafiaina, n.: — ancestors. 

m,afi3.jag, n.: — local name for a fish ap- 
pearing in Guam watera at intervals m 
great numbers; is dried and preserved 
by the natives; probably the young of 
sesyan (which see). 

mafi^jalom gui llsta, v. tr.: — to enroll; 
to enlist . ^ 

maniLjuyuiri^, n.; also ninlljuyung or 
ninajuyong: — work; creation. 

xnanaintani} n.; also gustoi^taste; 
joy; tinamtam:— taste. 

mS-fiaiia,, adj.: — sleek; smooth; glossy; 
also majlos; liso; gama; flabiL; 
manBo: — soft; tender; easily yielding 
to pressure; flexible; m.asa, adj.: — 
mellow; fully ripe; not hard. 

m.a&afi& na pulo, n.: — down; soft 
feathers ; hair. 

y m.afianj^&ngane, n.; also gotgot; y 
num4nEtung6: — ^informer; approver. 

m.a nS, nuebufia, n.; also nirenueba: — 
renewal; renovation; revival. 

m.an&payon, adj., adv.; aZsoma-ufisa: — 
habitual; usual; customary. 

man-aquijom, adj., adv.: — frugal; nig- 
gardly; sa\-ing; thrifty; scanty; par- 
simonious. 

mana(|^uilisyano, r. tr.: — to christen; to 
baptize. 

man ar4regla, n,,'-~ruler; one who rules 



also sagrado (Sp.); 
consecrated ; in- 



ma nS, santos, adj. 

Santos : — sacrcid ; 

vioiaVile. 
man-atma, adj.: — headstrong; mulish; 

stubborn. 
man boroquento, n.; — also atborotao; 

also trriUen man buruquento: — rab- 

h\e; noisy crowd or mob. 
manbula, v. I.; also mamogpog: — to be 

swollen, 
mancha, n.: — spot; stain; Vjlemish. 
mancha, v. tr.; also nil.-mancha; ras- 

tro: — to blot; to stain; to blemish, 
manda, adj., arfr..— ^imperative; peremp- 
tory; obligatory, 
mandague, n.; alsodagMB; padagdag; 

dinague: — lie; deceit; denial. 
man despetdisia^ v. tr.; also man 

yfiyutft: — to ravage; to lay waste; to 

pillage. 
man dibe, r, i.; also dibe or debe: — to 

be in debt, 
mai^ea^ v. tr.; also neg6sio: — to traiw- 

act; to manage a business deal; to 

negotiate. 



m,aneaj v. tr., v. %.; also adaje: — to be- 
have; to conduct; to demean. 

y man-S'cufi^og, n.: — listeners; hear- 
ers; y umS^cm^og, n.: — ^listener; 

hearer. 
maneja, v. tr.: — to handle; to use. 
manempeya, adj.: — fat; greasy. 



manengjeng, 



also fngo: — to 



freeze; to shiver; to have a chill 
manefitjengr, ctrf;.;— cold; frigid. 
man^sgUe, v. tr, 

que; tSsgue: 



v. if. 



also saque; naafia- 
to steal; to purloin. 
also espia: — to recon- 



adj. 
-ill; 



f adv.; also 
bad or evil; 



baba; ti 
sick; dis- 



man espia, 

noiter, 
maiietnot, 

m4uleg:- 

eased. 

m^anfiores, v. i.:— to bloom; toblossom, 
m&tigag, V, i.; m&mamangag: — to 

staj3ger; to totter; to reel. 
m&ngag, v. i.; also umasd; nin& asd; 

inln&ag: — to sag; to sink dow^n; to 

yield. 
mkngag, v. i; also asd: — to bend down 

the body. 
m§.fLgg>gmdnay v. i.; also gdje: — to 

stoop; to bend the body downward and 

fonrard, 
ma^co, adj.: — one-armed. ^ 

mangfong, v. tr.; also tufong: — to 

reckon; to count or compute. 
ma^ga, n.: — vernacular name for the 

mai^o tree; not many mango trees are 

on the island, but they produce fruit of 

the finest quality, 
nxanggas, n.: — sleeve. ■• 

man^gni, adv.; also raiano: — where, 
mangle, n.: — mangrove, 
mangle macho, n.: — ^local name for the 

many-petaled mangrove tree; is com- 
mon in Guam, growing in the swamps 

at the mouths of nearly all streanVs. 
man|fl6 guinen entre sanlago yan san 

catan: — trade wind, 
mangld sut-este, n.: — southeast wind. 
mangld sut-ueste, n.: — southwest wind 
man&a, n.; also safrdn (Sp.): — safran; 

saffron. 
mangofiliS, adj.; also eu^ftao; chSchi- 

]et: — well-meaning; benevolent; well- 
disposed toward some one. 
mangd jalum-tand: — local name for the 

canna, an ornamental plant growing 

without cultivation. 
y mangudiya^ n.; also ndbia; guaiya- 

yon: — sweetheart; lover; loved one. 
manguS, v. tr,; also gusto; gosa; 

tujos: — to relish; to enjoy, 
manguent&taye, n.: — s^ent; also ben- 

tero: — seller. 
mangui, v. tr., v. i.; also tugul; man]^- 

gul:— to write, 
y man gUigUife, n.; also gtUgiUfe:— 

dreamer. 
ma nichOf v. tr.: — to entomb ; to place in a 

tomb. 
ma£Lil&, n.; also guaf e: — flame; fire; blaze ; 

u bodv of flame. 



maflila ensiquidas 



194 



rnapt^ 



mafiila ensiquidas, n.; also chadeg na 
maflU4:— 'flash; sudden, quick, transi- 
tory blaze of light. 

zuaflffiil&, adj.; also lamlam: — glisten- 
ing; casting radiance; shining. 

manja, n.; also aplog:^coconut; a ten- 
der one; already containing liquid. 

man jal6, v. i.: — to take root. 

man jaso, v. It.: also jaso: — to recollect 
to call to memory. 

manjonggiie, adj.; manjofijlgue an 
xnajletbe as Yiius; — virtuous; devout; 
belieA'ing; true; religi6n {Sp.), n.; also 
jinengguen para as Ytius: — religion. 

manjufa, v. i.: — to stretch out both arms. 

manjula para u, v. tr.; also gufi,iya: — to 
swear allegiance to; to pay homage to; 
to regard. 

manjulat, adj., adv.; also famoso (Sp.); 
actibo; najong:— powerful; brave; 
mighty; effective; emcient; active. 

manjulbn, adj., adv.: — noble. 

manjungog', n.: — hearing (the sense of 
hearing). 

y manlilie, n.; also y um^egd:— specta- 
tor; beholder. 

manman, adj.. adv.: — agtoimded; won- 
derin.tr . 

manmeresc, adj.: — deserving; worthy. 

mannguS, ac/j.;— palatable; luxurious. 

mann^ui, adj., adv.; also delisioso: — 
doUcio»s; exquisite; highly pleasing to 
the senses, tagte, or to the mind. 

m.ano, n.: — the smaller of the two pieces 
of .stone used for grinding corn. 

mano, adv.: — where. 

manog, n.: — chicken; a young bird. 

manogcha, v. tr.:— to sprout; to bring 
forth fruit. 

manojo, n.; also fininut: — bundle: ■'heaf. 

mafLom, n.: — cold; catarrh; cold in the 
head. 

mano y sifia, adj., adv.: also tdcalum: — 
with all might; intensive. 

ma nota, v. tr.; also reprende: — to 
reproach; to upbraid. 

mafiotsot^ 1'. I.; also n&faflotsot: — to 
reform . 

mansana, n.: — apple. 

m3.nsan^an: — it is rumored; runi6t: — 
rumor; popular report; current story. 

mansaniya, n.; — local name for the 
Indian chrysanthemum, or false camo- 
mile; also called yetba santa maria; 
its flowers, in the form of an infusion, 
are used as a remedy for intermittent 
fevers. 

manso, adj.; also finoj auabe: — gentle; 
refined m manner and disposition; 
simple; t&iadotno: — simple; not com- 
plex; unadorned; natural. 

manteles, n.; — tablecloth; altar cloth. 
mantensidn, n.; also abio: — livelihood; 

euBtenance; aubsiatence. 
xuantica, n.; — ^lard; fat of swine melted 

down, 
znantica, adj., adv.:— greasy; fat. 



naantican-leche, n.: — cream; the rich^ 

oily part of milk, 
mantiene, n..*— help; aid; support; as- 
sistance. 
inantiene, v. ?r.;a?5ona-ap6;^chajlau:— 

to hold; to grasp and keep in the hand; 

to hold or offer the hand; to feed; to 

seize; to catch; to receive, 
mantiquiya, n.: — butter, 
mantiya, n.; also s4banas diquiqul; 

paflales: — mantilla. 
manufactura, v. tr.; also ch^ch6cS,nae; 

f&tinas yan matS. na materi4t: — to 

manufacture; to fabricate from raw 

materials. 
mafiugdj V. i.; also fafiugd: — to suppu- 
rate; to fester. ^ 
manugong, v. tr.; also trangca; soro- 

jo: — to bolt (the door). 
manugoii]^, v. i.: — to start forth like a 

bolt. 
mafium, n.: — cold ; catarrh. 
manui^d^ adj., adv.; also gaijinaso: — 

sensible; acute; ingenious, 
manung6, n.; also estudiante (Sp.); 

disipmo (Sp.) : — scholar ; student . 
maiiuso, i\ i.; also doc&; lS,ch.og: — to 

sprout; to grow back again; to shoot 

forth. 
m.an ytiyut^, v. tr.; also man despet- 

disia: — to ravage; to lay waste; to 

pillage, 
maog, af/j., flt:Zi'.:~strong; durable. 
maog, V. i.: — to last; to stay. 
mapa, 7i..-— map. 
mapagrajes, n.; also jomjom uchan: — 

cloud . 
mapanas, adj., adv.: — flat; level; dull, 
mapanas, n.: — slab; fiat piece of stone. 
mapanas na ach6, n.; also losa: — 
map anas-gui engna, adj. : — snub-nosed . 
niS.pau, V. i.; also mamatquilo: — to 

quiet down; to become cool. 
mS.p4, p. p.; also c&cS,: — split; broken; 

cracked; ip§, v. i,:—to split; to spring 

apart. 
m&p^, a(/j.;— broken. _ ■ 
mapede, v. tr.: — to foil; to baffle; to 

frustrate; to defeat. 
ma petsigue, v. i.; also ma-emog: — to 

suner persecution; to be persecuted, 
mapla, crfj., adv.; also y6as§; cari&oso 

(masc.) or cariflosa (fern.): — gracious; 

affable. 
xn&pos, adj., also abmam:— ago; gone; 

past, 
y m^ipos na bida; also y jagas na 

bida: — the past life, 
y m&pos na confesidn: — the last con- 
fession. 
m&pos na semana: — ^last week, 
mapot, adj.; also macat: — difficult; 

hard to accomplish; heavy. 
mapt&, n.: — slit; a long cut; a narrow 
opening; outbreak; an eruption; a 
breaking out. 



mapta 



195 



matcadot 



mapta, v.. tr.y v, L; also puti, v, i.;— to 
burst; to rend or break open with 
violence. 

mapul^, n.; also interpretasidn (Sp.): 
explanation; • interpretation. 

xnaquenista, n.: — machinist. 

ni4quina, n.: — engine; machine. 

maquinan bap6t, n.: — steam engine. 

niS,qmnan chachag, n.: — sawmill. 

xaHquinan el4ctrica, n.: — electric dyna- 
mo or machine. 

xn&quinan mangui, n.; — typewriter. 

miquinan y tren, n.;— locomotive; 
steam engine for drawing railroad cars. 

maquinaria, n.: — machinery. 

xnarease, 1^. tr.; a7^o macansela; ma- 
anula : — to cancel ; to annul - 

mariner o, n.; also tum.&taei; m.aafi- 
no: — seaman; mariner. 

m.a8, adv. (Jr. Sp.): — further; moreover 
(see Grammar, p. 26). 

mas, adj.; also chagdfLa; meg&ifla: — 
further; more distant; more; greater 
in number, quality, or extent. 

masa, adj., adv.; also m.anaxia; sacan; 
tda: — ripe; done; cooked sufficiently; 
mellow; fully ripe; not hard; ready 
for harvest; mature; full-grown. 

masa-jalum, n.: — sweat; perspiration. 

masa-jalum, adj,, adv.: — ^perspiring; 
sweating. 

masajegat, adj., adv.; also fotte; 
fuette; mLetgot; fuetsudo: — muscu- 
lar; active; vigorous; strong; robust. 

masangan ti m&uleg, v. tr.; aJ!som.af§.- 
jiyung: — to slander; to defame. 

mas&palang, adj.; also j^talapos: — 
ragged; rent or worn into rags; desti- 
tute. 

mas baba, adj.; also mas tSilaye:^- 
worst; worse than all others. 

xnas bi^n, adv.; also gusSna; cha- 
degfia: — rather; sooner; more will- 
ingly. 

m&scara, n.; also bufdn: — mask; clown. 

mas chagd, arf;.;— farthest; most dis- 
tant. 

znaaculino, adj.; also laje: — ^masculine; 
pertaining to a man. 

mas de; also mas que {bothfr. Sp.): — 
more than, 

maseta, n.: — mallet; a wooden hammer; 
flowerpot. 

m^asetan dfqtiiqul, n.: — gavel; a small 
mallet. 

m.a8inig Jag&, n.; also jinagft: — dysen- 
tery. 

maaiso, adj., adv.; also suBtienlyon; 
g^bittud: — tenable; strong; ener- 
getic. 

mas Jijot, n.; also projimo {Sp,): — 
next; nearest. 

masmas, v. tr.; also chop(^op: — to suck 
in (drop by drop). 

masmas, aaj.; also fotgon; tasyon:^ 
wet; damp; moist. 

mas-m&uleg, adj.; — ^best; most desir- 
able; xnam^gfia: — better. 



masogsog, adj.: — ^lean; thin. 

masotca^ n,; — ear of corn. 

m.a8otda, v. tr.; also rescata: — to re- 
lease; to recover; to save; to redeem; 
to ransom. 

masqud, v. tr.: — to break off the limb of a 
tree. 

mas que sea; also m.as sea jaye; maque 
sea jaye: — whosoever. 

mas sea pafa; also atguna cosa (Sp,): — 
something; whatsoever. 

ma subi, v. tr.; also aumenta; lum,&ncie- 
gai: — to increase; to enlarge; to en- 
hance. 

masujeta, adj.; — ^subjected. 

matd., adj.; also ti masa:- — crujie; raw; 
uncultured; uncooked; sore. 

m.at&, adj.; also gad&: — unripe; green 
(opposite of naaaa). 

m.atft, adj., adv.; also chlLtm.asa; tis&sa- 
can: — immature; not fully grown or 
developed; crude. 

mat a, n.; also apar6nsia: — looks; ap- 
pearance; eye. 

miat§,choD^, v. i.: — to sit; to occupy a 
seat. 

matadero, n,: — butcher. 
m&tai, V. i.: — to die; to decease, 
m.&tal, adj.: — dead; destitute of life. 
m4tai-mlLjo, v. i.: — to perish with thirst. 
m&taifialaoai^, n.; also jasan: — famine; 

extreme dearth; scarcity. 
m.&tai-fLala^, v. i.: — to die of hunger; 

to die of starvation. 
naatajleg, adj., adv.: — crooked; winding. 
matan janum, n.; also trofi^con ja- 

ntun: — fount; fountain or spring; origi- 
nal source. 
m,atan lalald, adj., adv.; also mala- 

naafia:— harsh ; rough; brusque. 
m.atansa, n.: — butcher shop. 
matUpa^, adj., adv.:— tasteless; vexa- 
tious, 
mat§,paiig, n.; also t&igrasia: — farce; 

ridiculous or empty parade, 
m.atS,tllchong, adj.; — sitting; resting on 

the haunches. 
inatatn|;a, adj., adv.; also famoso; 

balente; animoso: — brave; mighty; 

powerful; strong; courageous; capable. 
matat^a, n.; also efi^dot: — hero; a 

man ofdistinguished courage, 
m.atataga na gayo, n.; also buscapla- 

ito: — game cock. 
matbas, n.: — local name for the Indian 

mallow; a low shrub with orange - 

colored flowers; yields a fairly good 

fiber, which might be used for cordage ; 

quite common in Guam, 
raatca, n.; also sefi&t; prenda; naan: — 

sign; mark; token; symbol; signboard, 
matca, v. i.; also n&-chetoxx: — to imprint 

to impress into one's heart. 
matca, v. tr.; also Agues; ^tbcha: — to 

stamp ; to crush ; to engrave with a diisel ; 

to mark, 
matcadot, n.: — engraver. 



matcha 



196 



meplo 



matcha, n.;— march; regular, measured 

walk (especially of soldiei^), 
matco, n.; — mark, 
matdise, v, tr.: — to curee. 
matdisidn, n.; also desparate: — curse; 

oath , 
matdispuesto, adj.; also ti jaagoi: — ^re- 
luctant; unwilling; disinclined, 
matdito, adj.: also matdisido: — ac- 
cursed; cursed, 
mate (y tasi), n.: — ebb; reflux of the 

tide; low tide, 
materia, n.; also jafa; coaa (Sp.): — 

matter; thing; cause. 
m.atfit, n.; ivory; ebony, 
mat gen, n.; also oriya: — seam; edge; 

seh'age. 
m.atiteg', n.; also nilache; fatta: — 

breach; violation; rent. 
matlina, n.: — godmother, 
matmoxi uchan, n.: — shower of rain. 
m.atm.08, v. %.; also fiogfiog; n&- 

matm.oa; lumos:— to drown, 
matmos, adj.: — drowned; sunken, 
m-atmot, ti..-— marble. 
matom.ba, v. i.: — to tumble; to fall 

suddenly and violently, 
matompd, v. i.: — to stumble; to stagger. 
matquilo, adj., adv.; mamatquilo: — 

tranquil; quiet; calm. 
matraca, n.: — rattle. 
xnatrimdnio, n.: also ixiEcaixid; um.&- 

camd: — wedding; wedlock; marriage, 
matao, n.; — March, 
mattes, n.: — Tuesday. 
mat^etsio, n.: — abuse; curse, 
mattit, n.: — martyr, 
mattiyo, n.: — hammer, 
mattrata, v. tr.; also nfi.-inattesio; 

mattrata; despr4sia: — to abuse; to 

despise. 
mstujog, V. i.: — to be sleepy; m.aigd: — 

to fall asleep, 
matujog, n.; also minatu jog;— sleep i- 

ne?=s. 
matujog, adj.; alsh matujogil&ijon:— 

.'•leepy. ^ 

matuliijon, v. i.; also mS-mamangag:— 

to stagger; to totter; to reel. 
m.a-tutujon, r. tr.; also tutujon; tutu- 

june: — to begin; to start; to commence. 
m.g,udae, v. tr., i. %.; also v/ritten mAudai; 

udae or tidal: — to ride (on horseback or 

in a vehicle). 
m:4udae gui sajyan, v. tr.; also em- 

batca: — to embark. 
m4uleg!— vernacular for "all right!" 
mauleg, adj., adv.: also ydasd: — ^ood; 

decent; virtuous; benign; gracious; 

kind hearted, 
m&uleg ilufia, adj.; also sano (Sp.): — 

sane; mentally sound or healthy, 
xu&uleg m-aaa^cm-fla, n.; also fama; 

honra:— reputation; fame; good repu- 
tation. 
maulegfta, adj.; also mas bi6n 6S/).): — 

rather; much more; to the contrary; 

better. 



m&tilegna fafi|:ajatan, n.; also fanga- 

jatan:~good hunting ground. 

ym&ttlegna catpintero:— joiner; wood- 
worker (literally: a good carpenter). 

mauleg paufta, adj.; also piu^au:— 
odorous; fragrant. 

ma uriyaye, p.p.; also m.aredondea: — 
surrounded; inclosed. 

m.a-uaa, p. p.; also usao: — used up. 

mayabug, v. tr.; also nSk oda: — to soil; to 
dirty. 

ma-yalacd.^ adj. ; also gadon:— en- 
tangled; confused; intricate. 

mayamag, v. %.: — to break down; to go to 
pieces. 

may©n|:yoti%, v-. j.; also Idulau: — to 
quake; to tremble; to shake. 

m.ayo, n.: — May. 

mayotmente, adv.: — especially; par- 
ticularly. 

mecha, n.: — wick; tinder. 

m.ediano, adj.: — mediocre. 

medico, n.; also iamte:— surgeon; 
doctor; physician. 

m.edida, n.: — measure. 

mi§dio, n.: — half; mean; middle. 

m^dio agag&, adj.: — ruddy; reddish. 

mefgd, adj.: — juicy. 

mefnd, ac?j., adiJ.;— talkative; gossipy. 

mefnd, n.: — gab; idle chatter; loquacity; 
gossip; tattler. 

m@gae, n.; uyii sija; mSgae na gUina ja 
pat jinaf a:— sundries; numerous small 
or miBceUaneous articles or matters. 

m^gae, n.; also plur&t; mas de uno 
(Sp.) : — plural ; more than one . 

mSgae, adj.: — several; more than two; 
various; different. 

mi6gae, adv.; also vjritten m^gai; also 
lajyan; lajyayan:— much; great in 
quantity or amount. 

mSgae na tonxo, adj.: — voluminous; co- 
pious; extensive. 

meg^ifia, adj., adv.:— more; greater in 
number, quantity, or extent. 

m6gai na biaje, adv.; also seso: — oft; 
often; frequently. 

mejglt., adj.; also bulaja|^&: — bloody. 

mSjnaluin, adj., adv.; also s4bio; torn,'" 
torn; also written mfijnalom; — sage; 
wise; discerning; well-judged; discrimi- 
nating; scientific; skillful; skillful in 
science. 

m.elddia, n.: — melody. 

nxelon, n.; also calamasa; — melon; 
pumpkin; squash. 

m6m6, 71.:— urine. 

mendioca*, n.; also yuca: — vernacular 
name for the cassava plant; the roots 
yield meal, starch, and cavassa, or 
tapioca. 

menos, adv.: — less; in a smaller degree. 

mensaje, n.: — message. 
mensajero, n.; also clul6 papet: — mes- 
senger. 
mep&, adj.; also productoso (Sp.):— 

fruitful; yielding fruit, 
meplo, adj., also peludo:— hairy; woolly. 



merese 



19T 



min&igd 



merese, v. tr.; also bale (gui set- 

blsio): — to deserve; to earn by ser\'ice; 
to be justly entitled to; to merit. 

mSrito, n.; also miner ese: — merit; ex- 
cellence; worth. 

mes, 11.: — month; one of the twelve di- 
visions of the year. 

mes^uS, adj., adv.: — ^unafraid. 

mescla, n.; also liniten-mescla: — mor- 
tar; mixture. 

inesgd, adj.: — succulent; juicy. 

mesn&on, adj., adv.: — grim; pt«rn; un- 
^delaing. 

mesngon matatnga, adj., adv.: — game; 
plucky. 

mesiito^i, adj., ac^t'.;— patient; persever- 

mesquino, adj., adv.; also chattau; 

latga : — stingy ; avaricious . 
metllt, 71.; — metal, 
metate, n.; also guas&on; moyon; 

moyong: — grindstone; whetstone. 
jnete, v, i.: — to interfere; to oppose; to 

meddle. 
metgot, adj., adv.; also mafnpt; fot- 

nido:— sturdy; stubby; hard; energetic; 

strong; able-bodied. 
meton, adj., adv.; also ti estotbayon: — 

persistent; steadfast; imperturbable; 

not easily disturbed or agitated; cool, 

calm, and collected. 
meyas, n.: — stocking; socks. 
meyo {Jr. Sp. ia.Bdio), adv.; also lamita; 

empe; medio: — half, 
meyo agaga, adj.; also written mayo 

agaga; mSdio agagS.: — reddish; 

ruddy. 
mich^, adj., adv. — ^poor; needy. . 
micolot, adj., adv.: — gay-colored; many- 
colored. 
micosas, n.; also abund&nsia; rico: — 

opulence; wealth, 
mide, v. tr.: — to measure. __ 

mi-danguis, adj.; also c^dangues; 

dangson; cabrea; also loritten mi- 

dan^ues: — resinous, 
mi-diian, adj.: — warty. 
miembro, n.: — member; limb, 
mientras, adj., adv.: — temporary; exist- 
ing tor a limited time. 
mientras tanto, adv.; also entretan- 

to: — in the meantime. 
mi^t, n.; also atnibat: — honey; sirup. 
miStcoles, n. .-^Wednesday. 
migaspan: — crumb of bread. 
ml-grasia, adj.; also ydasS; — ^merciful; 

charitable; pitiful. 
zuf-gugat, aaj., adv.; also netbioso 

(Sp,); ^unigatan: — nervous; sinewy; 

fibrous; composed of fibera. 
m£-giiiziaja, adj.; also rico ml-iyo: — 

rich; wealthy; opulent. 
mijinUat, adj.; also mizun&sifia; mi- 

ninas!fia: — efficient; powerful, 
mil, adv.:- -thousand. 
mflachCy adj., adv..*— wrongful; inju- 
rious. 



nailag, n.; also coriente (;Sp.):— stream; 
current; torrent; tumbling stream. 

mllag, V. i.: — to flow. 

milagro, n.: — miracle; wonder. 

milagroso (Sp.), adj., adv.: — wonderful; 
miraculous. 

milaya, ti.: — medal; medallion. 

xnilisia, n.; also ejetaito: — army; host. 

m.ilit&t, n..* — military; soldierjr. 

mlmaatan; also conbiene; — it is im- 
portant; it is necessary; it is fitting. 

numarespeta; also inestizua; enes- 
tima; estima: — respected; highly re- 
garded; esteemed, 

m-Imerese, adj.: — meritorious; deserv- 
ing. 

mlmesterio, adj.: also n^^'dson; g& 
pl&ito: — fussy; making a fuss. 

mimilalag, adj., aai.:— flowing; moving 
or pouring forth; fluent. 

mim.olestla, adj.; also jijoroba:— an- 
noying; troublesome. 

mina, n.: — a mine. 

minaacaom, n.; also binilacho; mi- 
na^gaom: — fermentation. 

mina&gsom, n.: — acid, 

xm]:ia-&''&ao, n.; also amlnaso; also 
written minafi-'flau: — terror; comfort- 
lessneffiii; inconsolable state; scare; a 
sudden fright or panic; awe; appre- 
hension of evil or danger. 

mina£i.s@, n.; also yin§aa§; also vjritten 
mina-asd: — pity; sympathy; com- 
passion; mercy; charity; clemency. 

minacat, n.:^ravity; weight; impor- 
tance; seriousness. 

minachom fi,tdao yan quinajuld 4t- 
dao: — twilight. 

minafag, n.; also finalinj^o: — bank- 
ruptcy. 

minagago, v. i.; also beste: — to dress; 
to get dressed, 

minagajet, ??,.; — truth. 

minagajet, adj.; also magajet; pr6- 
pio: — veracious; truthful; true; real; 
actually existing; genuine. 

minagajet, n.: — fact; anything that ia 
done; reality; event; truth. 

minagapflaijon, n.: — evaporation. 

min&gaa, n.; also linamlam.; minS,- 

lag: — radiance; brightness; luster. 
minagof, n.; also felisid&d (Sp.)] nina- 
jon^; quinentento; fflbiatisfecho: — 
happiness; blLss; gladness; pleasure; 
satisfaction; contentment; gratifica- 
tion; fun; mirth; drollery; sport; - 
glee; gaiety, 
mmagoffta, adj., adv.; also confot- 
m.efla:^— rational; agreeable to reason; 
wise; judicious. 
niinago]£]g, n.; also b&tsaxno; dinicho- 

so; quinensuela: — balm. 
minagpd, n.; afeofiu; fln&gpd: — ^finish; 

end; conclusion, 
minaguem^ n.; also pas (5p.):— peace. 
minaigd, n.;— sleep; also maigd, v. i.: — 

1 to sleep. 



minajalafi]^ 



198 



moderao 



minajalafj^, n.; also binibo; pesa- 
dumbre: — apprehension; anger; vexa- 
tion. 

nunajg'o:^^} n.; also mn4inajgon!&:^- 
peace; quiet; well-being; relief. 

nunikjo, n.:-rthir3t. 

min^ag, n.; also finafiild.; min&^aa; 
c^natbo; dinanj^culo: — glare; bright 
dazzling light; brightness; luster; radi- 
ance; splendor; pomp; magnificence. 

minalagd, n.; also zuinatati^a; 
deaeo: — a;rit; pluck; courage; whim; 
option; wish; selection. 

minalanxafLa, n.: — ferocity; cruelty; sav- 
agenegs; tyranny; severity. 

nunalefa^ n.: — oblivion; the state of 
being blotted out from memory. 

minalulog-, n.; — freedom; softness. 

minamaichecho, n.: — exertion. 

ixdnaniis, n.: — amiableness. 

imuaxnpos, n.: — excess; superfluity. 

xuin&£iaiia, 7i.; — mildness; charity. 

ininanda, n.; also sisi&a: — jurisdiction. 

minafiila, n.:— flare; lar^e, unsteady, 
glaring li|ht; mamafiila; p^pagpag; 
m&xnap ba, n. ; — explosive . 

minanngud, n.; also espSsia; pin4u- 
pau: — spice; relish. 

minanso, n.; also ainiabe: — gentleness; 
mildness; meekness. 

minantiene, n.; guiniot;— grip; a grasp 
with the hand. 

y minSlnuebe, adv.; also tnun&nuebe: — 
ninth. 

y minfi, oclio, adv.: — eighth. 

xninaog, n.; also dinira: — duration; 
endurance; continuation. 

minapot, n.; also dificuttad (Sp.): — 
difl(icult5^ 

minasa, n.: — maturity; ripene-^s. 

miziaaa, n.: — ripenes?; maturity. 

y luina sais^ adv.; also sesto: — sixth. 

y ixiin& eiete, cdi ; also septimo: — 
seventh (see ''Grammatical notes'*). 

minatltpan^, n.: also cha^jlnalum: — 
vexation; anger; ill-humor. 

nuxxatatnga, n.; (dso inabiba; bina- 
lente: — eiicouragement; valor; 
bravery; intrepidity. 

XQinatat£g:a, n.: — valor; bravery; in- 
trepidity. 

minattrata^ n.; also ninatS-elaye; 
guinigon^ jinefLo; ninat&ilaye: — 
maltreatment; oppression. 

minatujog, n:— sleepiness-. 

mm&ulee, n.: also quinettesano; tunas 
na timng^d: — morality; ethics; virtue. 

nunauleg') v. i.; afso n& g&imixiaiileg: — 
to qualify; to render fit; to prove fit for 
an office or position. 

XDinayula^, n.; — demolition; destruc- 
tion. 

y xninedunj^, n.: — greatness; size. 

minefea, n.; also xnofa; desprSsio; 
butla: — derision^ scorn, contempt; 
disdain. 



mindgae, n.; aUo abunddnsia; ina- 
bundansia: — abundance; profusion; 
plenty; superfluity; overflow; quantity. 

min^jnaloxn, n.; also written minS ma- 
lum; also tini^d; Jinaso; puisio; 
decreto; sapience; wisdom; knowl- 
edge; decree; sentence; judgment. 

minel^stia, n.; also jineroba: — annoy- 
ance; molestation. 

mine&ero^ n..*— hardness; severity. 

minerese, n.; merito: — merit; excel- 
lence; worth. 

niines^lfon, n.; also sini^l^on; dinira: — 
forbearance; patience; indulgence; en- 
durance; continuation; duration; perse- 
verance. 

znixietgot, n.; also flnette; finejman; 
jizulat; fuetsa; sisifia: — strength; 
force; power; vigor; might; authority. 

minidiye, n.; also sujeto; limitaBidn; 
restrisidn (Sp.): — restriction; limita- 
tion; confinement. 

minilag, n.; also milag;:— ^ush; a sudden 
and \iolent flow of Tiqtiid from an in- 
closed space. 

ralninio^ adj,; also mas dlqtiiqui:— least; 
smallest in degree, size, value, impor- 
tance, etc. 

ministro, n.; also setbiente; criado: — 
servant. 

minitd, n.; a^so dinetetmina; inten- 
si6n: — (Sp.): — intention; purpose; de- 
sign, 

miiiitiing, n.; also nilamug; also written 
nilamog: — stench; strong, offei^ive 
odor. 

minutero, n.: — minute hand. 

rai-ogs6, adj.: — hilly. ^ 

xniputi, adj., adv.; also majalaf^: — 
painful. 

znira, n.: — myrrh. 

misan Animas, n.; — requiem; mass for 
deceased person. 

miserable, adj.; also od& yanm.atiteg: — 
shabby; threadbare; mean in appear- 
ance; wretched; miserable; unhappy; 
seedy. 

misdria, n.: — misery; wretchedness. 

mlsetbe, n.: — utility; usefulness. 

xxxisidn, n.; also tinag6:~mission. 

misionero (Sp.), n,: — miesionary. 

mistdrio, n.: — mystery. 

mititanos, adj., adv.; also faye; s^bio; 
tomtom: — wise; prudent; sagacious; 
nly; crafty; learned; sensible. 

mltitucft, adj.: — thorny. 

ml-unai, adj.; also luzl6: — sandy. 

moda, n.; also estilo (Sp.): — style, 
fashion; manner; conventional custom 
in dress. 

moda, adj.; also modiata:— fashionable; 
according to the prevailii^ mode. 

modelo, n.; also figura:— model; figure. 

moderao, v. it.; also templao: — to mod- 
erate; to keep within bounds; to lessen. 



modesto 



199 



mut6 



modesto, adj., adv.; also gasgas; hp- 

nesto; desente: — decent; clean; mod- 
est; neat; honorable. 

modetno, adj,: — novel, modern; of re- 
cent origin or introduction. 

modo, n.; — means and ways; mode. 

modofig, n.; also batco;~bark; barque; 
three-masted sailing vessel. 

modoro, adj,, adv.:—mde] coarse; feeble- 
minded. 

modung, adj., adv.; also tadung:— large; 
deep. . 

mofea, v. tr,, v. %.; also caai; batlea; 
insutta; lotgue: — to mock; to deride; 
to insult; to make fun of. 

mojmo, V. tr.: — to chew for {ex., mother 
for her child). 

xuojdzi, n.: — landmark. 

m6jon, arfj., con;.:— possibly; perhaps; 
may be; by chance. 

molestia, n.; also daflo; petjuisio; es- 
totbo:— nuisance; anything offensive, 
injurious, vexatious, or annoying. 

molestia^ v, tr.; also na.-chfi,tsaga; 30- 
roba; atborota:— to annoy; to molest. 

xnolino, n: — gristmill. 

molino, v. tr.; also guleg; tutu:— to 

frtnd; to pulverize or reduce to powder 
y friction. 
memento {Sp.), n.; also rate:— moment; 

instant; twinkling, 
momd, n.;-^hort-eared owl; the natives 

say that it catches lizards. 
m.6na, adv.; also param.6na; yajiilold: — 

henceforth; for the future; at first; for 

the first; above all; for the present. 
mdna pat tat e:— forward or backward. 
m.dna yan tate: — to and fro. 
m.onehon diotda, n.; also faflot- 

dayan: — ^banana plantation. 
monchon taotao, n.; also inetnon 

tdotao:— multitude; crowd; populace. 
moneda, n.; also salapd:— money; piece 

of money; coin. 
mozx}ayan, adj., adv.; also monjan; 

magpd: — ready; finished; complete. 
m.onjayan, v. tr,; also magpd: — to 

complete; to finish.. 
monje, n.: — monk, 
monoplano, n.: — monoplane; aeroplane 

having one plane only, contrasted with 

the biplane, biplane, which has two 

planes. 
m.ozLte (Sp.), n.; also sabana; ogso: — 

mountain, 
montesiyo, n.:— shrubbery; brush; 

thicket. 

montdn, n.: — heap. 

m.onton ch&guan, n.; also rasim.o: — 
tuft; bimch; bundle; bunch of grapes. 

m.onum.ento (Sp.), n.: — ^monument. 

moscas, n.: — ^joint; cut. 

xnostasa, n.: — mustard. 

motas, n.: — thread (turned). 

mot gem, adj.: — deep eyed. 

motibo, n.; also rason:— motive; incen- 
tive; reason. 



motmot, V. tr.;— to devour; to eat 

ravenously, 
motor electrisidS,, n.:— electric motor, 
xnottaja, n.: — shroud; winding sheet. 
mott&t, adj.; also m&xnatai: — mortal, 
moyeja, n.: — gland. 
muchacha, n.;— girl; a female child. 
ixLuchacho, n,; also patg^on; tentagd: — 

boy; servant; house boy. 

mudoro, ndfj.:— torpid; inactive; numb. 

muestra, n.; also c6pia:— specimen; 

sample; pattern; model; anytnin^ cut 

out or marked,' ready to be copiedT. 

mueye, n.; also pantal&n: — pier; wharf; 

mole or jetty; a landing place projecting 

into the sea. 
mueye, n.:— spiral spring. 
mula^ n.; — mule. 
mulato, n.:— curl; ringlet of hair. 
mumaiirgaoixL, v. %.; also lumalald: — to 

ferment, 
mumag^of, v. %.: — to rejoice; to be glad. 
mumafiotaot, v. tr.; also fafiotsot; 

pumlmte: — to regret; to rue; to be sorry 

for; to repent, 
miimasa, v. i.: — to ripen (ea;., fruit). 
xnumBsa-jalum., v. i.; also masa- 

jalum: — to sweat; to perspire, 
xnum^tcha, -v. i.: — to march. 
mumllya, arfj.; also pumay&ya:— adrift; 

floating at random, 
mtuno, V. tr., v. i.; also momye: — to 

combat; to fight; to battle; to quarrel; 

to wrangle. 
mmnon-linajyan, n.; also rebolufli6n 

(Sp.): — revolution; uprising, 
mumon um&giiot, v. i.: — to grapple; to 

contend in close fight. 
mumu, V. i.; also aguaguate; fach.d- 

ch<ie; apulii:- to strive; to struggle; to 

labor hard or earnestly. , . 

mumufiera, v. i..— to fret; to be irritated 

or vexed. 
znunS. dose, adv.; also minA dose: — 

twelfth. 
muS,eca, n.: — doll. . , 

muflera, a(fj..— fretful; peevish; irri- 

tated 
iaxdieTOfadj.,adv,; aZso bronco; mala- 

mafia:— harsh; grumbling; stubborn; 

obstinate, 
muj%a, 1;. tr.; also opone: — to object; 

to oppose; to retort, 
mufi^a, adv.; also aJ6:— no; opposite of 

munisidn, n.; — munition; cartndges. 

munisipfi-t, ad;.;— municipal; pertaining 
to a city, state, or local self-government. 

m.<isico, n.: — musician. 

miisicos, n.; also otquestra:— orches- 
tra: body of musicians. 

mutii., V. i.: — to vomit; to erupt (ex., a 
volcano). . 

mut6, V. tr.:— to undertake; to intend. 

mutd, adj.; also bolunt&rio {Sp.):~- 
voluntary; spontaneous. 



mutoltg 



200 



iift-cachati|f 



mutofig, V. i; a/*o lamog:— to etink; to 

emit a strong offensive odor, 
mutta, n.:— to mulct; to fine, 
mutta, n.; also pena: — penalty; fine; 

legal punishment. 



muyd, V. i.:—to be ill-humored; to be 

di^untled. 
muyui, v. tr,^ v. i.; — to sneer; to scoff; to 
iimnuate; to show contempt by eome 
facial expression. . 



N 



na, conj.: — that; which; also expresses 
causation. 

ii&-altxnain, v. tr.: — to put off; to post- 
pone; to defer. 

n&-&cano, v. tr.: — to do inlaid work in 
wood. 

ii4-4difi^o, V. tr.; also n^-Bujaitfi&ijon; 
n&-S.di8apatta: — to sequester; to 
separate from the owner for a time. 

n&-&disi>atta, v. tr.: — to take apart (ma- 
chinery). 

nd'-ILdispatta y clase, v. tr.; also n& 
diferentes clase: — to assort; to 
classify. 

nlL-4dotgan^ v. i.: — to pierce through; to 
stick through ; to make an opening into . 

xi&-&fdinaule^, v. tr.; also empaa; 
apase: — to reconcile; to atone; to 
expiate; to make reparation; to give 
satisfaction. 

nft-igadoxi} v. tr.; also n&-Iache: — to 
confuse; to jumble up; to render in- 
distinct. 

2i&-&gaoli; V. tr.; also h&-&paldpd: — 
to cross the legs. 

n&-&guitil<ie, v. tr.: — to heap up; to lay 
on top of each other. 

n4-ajustao, v, tr.: — to adjust. 

ii&-al4^ V. tr.; also alfe; deshoixra; nt 
taifama: — to insult; to bring disgrace 
upon; to injure the good name; to dis- 
honor; to defame; to entice; to allure. 

nft-alibiao, v. ir.; aJ^o nH-l&inajgong: — 
to allevjate; to quiet; to relieve. 

n&an, n,; also xnatca; se£L4t: — a sub- 
stantive; name; mark; trade-mark, 

nft-ancho, i;. tr.; also zi&-mgrguag: — to 
widen; to expand. 

nfi,-animo80, v, tr.: — to fortify; to make 
stronger. 

nft-ahog, V. tr.; also n&-zn&ul&g: — to 
make good; to discover; to observe, 

n&-anug, v. tr.; also written na-anog: — 
to show. 

n&-&''pacd., V. tr.; also blanquea: — to 
whitewash. 

nft-apling, v. tr.: — to wrench; to wring or 
pull with a twist. 

n&-apd, V. tr.; also mantiene; ayuda: — 
t6 support; to hold or offer the hand; to 
hold back. 

na-arima, v. tr.: — to lay down; to ap- 
proach; to bring nearer. 

u^-asegura, v. tr.; also n^-seguxo: — 
to assert; to maintain. 

n&^aflentado,t> . tr.;also n&-aya: — to ac- 
commodate. 



nst-asgon, v. tr.; also u&-g&i-fach#; nS,-- 
&plEtch&: — to dirty; to soil; to make- 
impure; to foul. 

n&-atarantao, v. tr.; also trastotna;* 
yacS.; yalac&: — to disunite; to set at 
variance; to render mutually hostile. 

n&^atborotao, axlj.: — vexing; trouble- 
some. 

n&-atborot&o, v. tr.: — to demoralize; to 
corrupt; to throw into confusion. 

n^-&tilo^, V. tr.: — to blacken. 

n&-atog, V. tr.; also diaimula (Sp.); 
nSk-U^nJ^i — to hide; to conceal; to keep 
secret; to dissemble; to feign. 

n&-&tulaica, v. i.; also tuldica: — to bar- 
ter; to trade. 

ni-aya, v. tr,: — to forge. 

xi&-aya^ v. tr.: — to fit up alike; to make 
equal. 

n^-ayao, v. tr.; also &yao: — to borrow; to 
obtain on leave. 

nabaja, n.: — pocketknife; razor, 

na banda^ adj.; also sail jalum. na 
banda: — ^interior; inner; remote from 
the coast. 

nabegad6t) n.; — ^navigator, 

n^-b^lembau, v. tr.: — to cause to quiver; 
to vibrate. 

nl-beste, v. tr.: — to garnish; to adorn. 

nabio, n.t — navy, 

n&-boca, v. tr.: — to feed. 

nS.-boc&, V. tr.; also n&-etnon:^ — to heap 
up; to amass; to join. 

n^-brabo, v. tr.: — to strengthen; to en- 
liven. 

n^nbrabo, adj.: — strengthening; enliven- 
ing. 

n&-btibO} V. tr.; also na-lalal3; nS,- 
iiitao:-— to infuriate; to provoke; to in- 
cite. 

n3.bubo, adj.; also xnan&bubo; lalald; 
empetuoso: — frantic; violent!}^ mad 
or distracted; outrageous; irritable, 
effervescent; impetuous. 

nS,''bubo, n.; also plILito; disgusto: — 
indignation; quarrel; obstacle; difi^i- 
culty; vexation; chagrin. 

nS-'-bubu, adj.^ adv.; also s&gaut; bani- 
doBo yan otguyoso: — severe; insolent. 

nS.-bula, v. tr.; also sajgiiane taio; re- 
yena:^to replenish; to fill up again. 

n3.-cabales, v. tr.: — to perfect; to com- 
plete. 

na-cachang, v. tr.; also ti-anog: — to ob- 
scure; to darken; to dirty; to take away 
the luster. 



1 



mutoltg 



200 



iift-cachati|f 



mutofig, V. i; a/*o lamog:— to etink; to 

emit a strong offensive odor, 
mutta, n.:— to mulct; to fine, 
mutta, n.; also pena: — penalty; fine; 

legal punishment. 



muyd, V. i.:—to be ill-humored; to be 

di^untled. 
muyui, v. tr,^ v. i.; — to sneer; to scoff; to 
iimnuate; to show contempt by eome 
facial expression. . 



N 



na, conj.: — that; which; also expresses 
causation. 

ii&-altxnain, v. tr.: — to put off; to post- 
pone; to defer. 

n&-&cano, v. tr.: — to do inlaid work in 
wood. 

ii4-4difi^o, V. tr.; also n^-Bujaitfi&ijon; 
n&-S.di8apatta: — to sequester; to 
separate from the owner for a time. 

n&-&disi>atta, v. tr.: — to take apart (ma- 
chinery). 

nd'-ILdispatta y clase, v. tr.; also n& 
diferentes clase: — to assort; to 
classify. 

nlL-4dotgan^ v. i.: — to pierce through; to 
stick through ; to make an opening into . 

xi&-&fdinaule^, v. tr.; also empaa; 
apase: — to reconcile; to atone; to 
expiate; to make reparation; to give 
satisfaction. 

nft-igadoxi} v. tr.; also n&-Iache: — to 
confuse; to jumble up; to render in- 
distinct. 

2i&-&gaoli; V. tr.; also h&-&paldpd: — 
to cross the legs. 

n&-&guitil<ie, v. tr.: — to heap up; to lay 
on top of each other. 

n4-ajustao, v, tr.: — to adjust. 

ii&-al4^ V. tr.; also alfe; deshoixra; nt 
taifama: — to insult; to bring disgrace 
upon; to injure the good name; to dis- 
honor; to defame; to entice; to allure. 

nft-alibiao, v. ir.; aJ^o nH-l&inajgong: — 
to allevjate; to quiet; to relieve. 

n&an, n,; also xnatca; se£L4t: — a sub- 
stantive; name; mark; trade-mark, 

nft-ancho, i;. tr.; also zi&-mgrguag: — to 
widen; to expand. 

nfi,-animo80, v, tr.: — to fortify; to make 
stronger. 

nft-ahog, V. tr.; also n&-zn&ul&g: — to 
make good; to discover; to observe, 

n&-anug, v. tr.; also written na-anog: — 
to show. 

n&-&''pacd., V. tr.; also blanquea: — to 
whitewash. 

nft-apling, v. tr.: — to wrench; to wring or 
pull with a twist. 

n&-apd, V. tr.; also mantiene; ayuda: — 
t6 support; to hold or offer the hand; to 
hold back. 

na-arima, v. tr.: — to lay down; to ap- 
proach; to bring nearer. 

u^-asegura, v. tr.; also n^-seguxo: — 
to assert; to maintain. 

n&^aflentado,t> . tr.;also n&-aya: — to ac- 
commodate. 



nst-asgon, v. tr.; also u&-g&i-fach#; nS,-- 
&plEtch&: — to dirty; to soil; to make- 
impure; to foul. 

n&-atarantao, v. tr.; also trastotna;* 
yacS.; yalac&: — to disunite; to set at 
variance; to render mutually hostile. 

n&^atborotao, axlj.: — vexing; trouble- 
some. 

n&-atborot&o, v. tr.: — to demoralize; to 
corrupt; to throw into confusion. 

n^-&tilo^, V. tr.: — to blacken. 

n&-atog, V. tr.; also diaimula (Sp.); 
nSk-U^nJ^i — to hide; to conceal; to keep 
secret; to dissemble; to feign. 

n&-&tulaica, v. i.; also tuldica: — to bar- 
ter; to trade. 

ni-aya, v. tr,: — to forge. 

xi&-aya^ v. tr.: — to fit up alike; to make 
equal. 

n^-ayao, v. tr.; also &yao: — to borrow; to 
obtain on leave. 

nabaja, n.: — pocketknife; razor, 

na banda^ adj.; also sail jalum. na 
banda: — ^interior; inner; remote from 
the coast. 

nabegad6t) n.; — ^navigator, 

n^-b^lembau, v. tr.: — to cause to quiver; 
to vibrate. 

nl-beste, v. tr.: — to garnish; to adorn. 

nabio, n.t — navy, 

n&-boca, v. tr.: — to feed. 

nS.-boc&, V. tr.; also n&-etnon:^ — to heap 
up; to amass; to join. 

n^-brabo, v. tr.: — to strengthen; to en- 
liven. 

n^nbrabo, adj.: — strengthening; enliven- 
ing. 

n&-btibO} V. tr.; also na-lalal3; nS,- 
iiitao:-— to infuriate; to provoke; to in- 
cite. 

n3.bubo, adj.; also xnan&bubo; lalald; 
empetuoso: — frantic; violent!}^ mad 
or distracted; outrageous; irritable, 
effervescent; impetuous. 

nS,''bubo, n.; also plILito; disgusto: — 
indignation; quarrel; obstacle; difi^i- 
culty; vexation; chagrin. 

nS-'-bubu, adj.^ adv.; also s&gaut; bani- 
doBo yan otguyoso: — severe; insolent. 

nS.-bula, v. tr.; also sajgiiane taio; re- 
yena:^to replenish; to fill up again. 

n3.-cabales, v. tr.: — to perfect; to com- 
plete. 

na-cachang, v. tr.; also ti-anog: — to ob- 
scure; to darken; to dirty; to take away 
the luster. 



1 



n&-cfidad& 



201 



&&-famatquilo 



n&-c&dadft, v. tr.:—tc abridge; nft-lddi- 

quicLui: — to accelerate; n&-l&^86: — 

to cut short. 
nft-c&fach€, v, tr,: — to bespatter \vith 

mud. 
nlL-cajul6, v. tr.; also jatsa: — to raise; to 

haul up. 
na-calactus, v. tr.; also guasd,: — to 

eharpen; to whet. 
n&-calamten, v, tr.; also chaldjg^&: — 

to set in motion; to Btir up; to move. 
n&-calamten, v. tr., v. i.; also fachd- 

ch.6:^to operate; to work. 
•nk-caXoy v. tr., v. i.; also ciiin4calo; 

sottaye: — to slacken; to relax; to 

enervate or to become enervated; to 

effeminate. 
nS>calo]&, f. tr.; also ii§.-inainfi,jlao:^to 

provoke, 
nft-caps^, r. tr.: — to make room; to move 

(in order to make room). 
niL-cajada, v. tr.; also disminuye: — to 

mitigate; to alleviate. 
n&-chac&, r. tr., v. i.; also chac&; julog; 

majlog;— to snap; to break short or 

instantaneously; to crack. 
na-chadeg, i. i.; also alula: — to hustle; 

to exhibit energ>' and alacritj^. 
n&^chaleg, adj., adv.; also written n&^- 

chalig:-~-ludicrous; amusing; humor- 
ous; comical; droll. 
n&-chS,ochao, v. i.; also nVnapo; 

na-ch&ochao:— to fluctuate; to undu- 
late; to rise and fall. • 
n&^chatguiya, n.; also f&faiehauag: — 

despiser; contemner. 
na-ch&tjagoiSgj v. i.; also n&-xnafnot 

jumagong ; n& - tfii jlnago]% : — to 

stifle; to suffocate. 
na-ch&tjinasO} ^'. tr.: — to embarrass; to 

perplex; to distress. 
na-ch&tpd.gO; v. tr.; aZ^o nH-a^d: — to dis- 
tort; to dei'ace; to deform; to disfigure. 
n4-ch.atsaga, v. tr.; also ofende (Sp.); 

n&-al#; isigiie; afia: — to offend; to 

insult; to outrage; to affront. 
n&-ch&t8ag^) V. tr.; also joroba: — to 

annoy; to molest; to importune. 
]i4-ch&ulS y d&dalag: — to wag the tail. 
n&-chdtan, v. tr.: — to strain; to stretch; to 

injure, 
ncl-chetnudan, v. tr.: — to wound; to 

lacerate; to injure, 
nfi,-eheton, v. i.: — to stick; to adhere; 

i^so pega^ V. tr.; n&-xnangco; utot; 

estropea: — to maim ; to cripple, 
nlk.-chetoni v. tr.: — to connect; to join; to 

unite. 
n&-chilo^, V, tr.: — to arrange propor- 
tionately. 
n&-claruye, v. %.; also declara {Sp.)\ — 

to declare. 
n&-claruye, r. tr.; also eaplicaye; 

traduse; 8a:S|^aniye: — to interpret; to 

explain; to translate. 
n&-dafl4, v. tr.; also da£L&: — to mingle; to 

mix; to blend. 



nk d&iSgculo mas que y minagajet^ 

V. tr.y V. i.: — to exaggerate. 
n&-de£ga, v. tr.: — to reverse; to turn 

upside down, 
nik-despresiao, v. tr.; also nft-machat- 

U6:--to bring into contempt. 
n&-dilug, V. tr.; also nft-denga; anula: — 

to reverse; to turn upside down; to 

change entirely. 
n&-dinanche, v. tr.; also corije (Sp.); 

rectifica (Sp.); rebista; repasa: — to 

rectify; to set right; to revise; to review 

and amend. 
xi4-dochon, v. tr.: — to knock in; to 

drive in. 
&4-d6gae, v. tr.; also n&-6son; i^~ 

tenjos: — to emboss; to confound; to 

tire; to bore, 
n&e, i;. tr.; also f&cae: — to cede; to give; 

to impart; to bestow a share or portion; 

to donate, 
n&e gr&sias, v. %.; also agradese: — to 

thank; to express thanks; to express 

gratitude, 
n^-empas, v. tr.: — to give satisfaction; to 

expiate. 
n&e notisia, v. tr.: — to give notice. 
xi&-6iitald, V. tr.; also ix§.-jaluin: — to 

shove in; to thrust in; to insert; to inter- 
pose; to interpolate, 
nfte paste, v. tr.: — to graze, 
n&e patte, v. tr.: — to communicate; to 

impart; to cause to be shared, 
n&e petzuiso, v. tr.: — to concede; to 

assent; to agree to. 
n&e prenda, v. %.; also n&e seguxid&d: — 

to give security or bail; to be responsi- 
ble; to warrant. 
zx&-esponja^ v, tr.y v. %.; also binila; 

baobao: — to inflate; to swell; to cause 

swelling. 
n.g.-etnon, v. tr.; also joca; recoje; n&- 

cheton; n&-boc&: — to gather (the 

crops); to pluck; to collect in heaps; 

to connect; to join; to unite; to amass; 

to heap up; to join. 
nd,etnon, a4j.; also f&-ixionton; ma- 

amontona; ma n&-etnon: — amassed ; 

piled up; hoarded; cumulated. 
]iS.-eyag, v. tr.; also fan&giie; educa 

(Sp.): — to educate; to impart knowl- 
edge. 
nA-t&ch.&f V. tr.; also pinSiiAe; pdlae: — 

to sinear over. 
nk-t&gp6f V. tr., V. i.; also contrata 

(Sp.): — to close an agreement or con- 
tract; to enter into an I^;^eement. 
n&''faileg, adj., adv.; also malaet: — 

bitter; sour; acid. 
zi&-falineo, v. tr.; also destrosa (Sp.): — 

to annmilate; to destroy. 
n&-falofaii, v. tr.: — to let come to pass. 
n&-famt&, v. tr.: — to brii^ forth; to 

produce; to create; to propagate; to 

transplant; to transmit. 
n^-famatquilo, v. tr.: — to compose; to 

pacify; to appease. 



na-tamatquilo 



202 



n^-lacalo 



nS,-famatqmlo, v. tr.: also apasigua; 

n^-magpof: — to calm; to soothe; to 

assuage; to make gentle. 
XL^-f&n^an, t\ tr.; also f^naan: — to de- 
nominate; to name; to call, 
nal-fan-aguitiliii, v. tr.: — to pile; to 

heap up; to collect. 
n4-fafLetnot, v. tr.; also fafletnot; 

chetnot: — to wound; to hurt; todam- 

ajie. 
iiS,-fafi.ila, adj.; also ag6dai; songue; 

soiI|:g:ue: — ^inflamed; incensed. 
na-fanilS., v. tr.; also totngue; son- 

gue: — to ignite; to set on fire, 
sifl-faflotsot, r. i.; also mafiotsot: — to 

reform. 
n&-fanungd, r. tr.; c.lso ina; aclara: — 

to illuminate; to enlighten; to light 

up. 
nSr-fan-yauyau, v. tr.; aUo atborota: — 

to stir up; to incite; to instigate. 
nS,-fatachon^, v, tr.; also na--tojg:ue; 

na-tacho; aregla: — to set; to sup- 
port; to sustain. 
nA-fat&cho^, v. tr.; also aostiene 

{Sj).): — to support (by pillars); to set; 

to sustain. 
nH-fina, v tr.; also nA-flno na-lanUam; 

na-majlos: — to polish; to clean; to 

refine (ex., sugar). 
na-fitme, v. tr.; also n&-meton; — to 

make fast; to strengthen; to insure. 
na-f6fdna, v. tr.: — to send on in advance, 
na-fona, r. i.: — to precede; to advance. 
na-f6na, v. tr.; also gafiaco; ga.oco: — 

to prefer; to give the preference to. 
n^-fotgon. 1-. tr.: — to moisten; to wet^ 
na-fresco, r. tr.; also n§l-inaneng- 

jeng: — to refrigerate; to cool, 
naftan, n.; also sepulcro (Sp.)-~~ 

.^epulcher; irrave. 
ni-gadon, '.-. tr.:— to mix; to entangle; 

to perplex; to bewilder. 
n2t-g4eminetgot Cgae, also xvritten 

ga,i)f V. tr,; aLiO coufitma; ayuda: — 

t J s';rfm'-'then; to confirm. 
nS.-gaich§ch6, v. tr.; a ^so ample a: — to 

employ. 
na-gaich.6cho, v. tr.; also ocupa; saj- 

guane; na-chatsaga; tane: — to take 

po^sc.-sion; to use. 
n§i-gaUleg, v. tr.: — to roll (a barrel). 
na'gaiprobecho, adj.^ adv.; also nSL^ade- 

lantao: — advantageous. 
zxa^gao, n.; also na^gau: — a coconut in 

which the water has become entirely 

absorbed. 
nS.-gaisabot, v. tr.: — to flavor; to im- 
part a flavor to. 
n&-ga3gas, v. tr.; also ajusta; famS-u- 

leg; na-tunaa:-^to purify; to free from 

impuritie.--; to cloaui^e; to sot in order; to 

arrau'^f;; renueba:— to renovate; to 

restore; retina: — to refine; to educate or 

improve. 
n&-gatbo, V. tr.:— to embellijih; to make 

beautiful. 



n^-gUeco, V. tr.; also ntje un gileco: — 
to hollow out; to enlarge (a house). 

niL-guefafLito, v. tr.; also quemado:— to 
bake or fry too well; to burn in frying. 

ni-guegmon, v. tr.: — to chev; to chew 
audibly. 

nH-giiinaife, v. tr.; also na-omaii|^16:— 
to ventilate; to air. 

nd.-gupo, V, tr., v. %.; also yallbao: — to 
swing; to wave; to brandish. 

nit-jajanau, P. P.; also vnittcM nlt- 
^ajanao: — parting; di\'iding; separat- 
ing. 

nfi-jalum, v. tr.; also gnaiya; imajina: — 
to fancy; to imagine; to take a liking to. 

n&-jaluin, v. tr.: — to put in; to lay in; to 
bring in, 

n^-janau^ v. tr.; also na-janao: — to de- 
tach; to disconnect; to direct; to deter- 
mine; to conclude; detetmina; des- 
tina: — to determine. 

n3,-janau; apatta, v. tr.: — to deliver; to 
set free; to save. 

n3.-janau; remuebe (Sp.) v. tr.: — to send 
away; to take away; to remove. 

n&-jaso, V. tr.; also f anile; indica 
(Sp.): — to indicate; to point out; to 
suggest; to hint, 

nH-jaspog, V. tr.; also n^-bula:— to fill 
up (one s stomach) ; to sate; to satiate; to 
fill up to repletion; to satisfy. 

na-jataamiento, v. tr.: — to incite re- 
bellion. , 

fidjialang, adj.; also inij6; tipadog; 
adelantao ; — thrifty . 

n^-jomld, V. tr.; also amte:— to heal. 

na'joml6, adj.; also nMala; saludable 
(Sp . ) : — salubrious ; healthy . 

najong:, adj., adv.; also dibettido; 
jxx&gbt'j satisfecho: — satisfied; cheer- 
ful; delighted; joyous; merry; gay. _ 

najong, n.; also jinilat; ninasifla; 
ninajong^: — emciency; effectual 
agency. 

najong, adj., adv.: — sufhcient; enough. 

n^-juyong, v. tr.; also inbenta; sodi.: — 
to invent; to devise; to find out. 

nS,-juyong, v. tr.; also writfen nS,- 
juyang; also fS,tinas; chdgiie: — to 
make; to create; to fashion; to fabricate; 
to bring forth; to bear. 

na--juyungae, v. tr.: — to furnish; to 
supply; to fit out; to equip. 

na.-lS,anac6, v. tr.; also taluye: — to 
len'^then; to add to. 

nH-laaaentado, v. %.; also refotma (Sp.)] 
enmienda: — to reform; to make better; 
to correct. 

na-labarato, v. tr.: — to lower the price. 

n4-lacalo, v. tr.: — to slacken; to loosen; 
ti manmerese, adj.: — unworthy; un- 
deserving. 

na-14calo, v. fr.;— to unyoke; to un- 
harnoHS. 

na-l4calo, V. tr.: — to loosen; to free from 
tightnes.^. 



nl-Iache 



203 



nft-mam&jlao 



ii3,-lftche, tf. tr.: also n4-t&ilaye; nfi,- 

lamas; nSL-potlilo: — to lead astray; to 

bribe; to corrupt; to desecrate; to 

profane, 
na-ladididl, v. tr.: — to abate, 
na-ladiquiqu!, v. tr.; also rebaja; 

reduse {Sp.)\ — to make' smaller; to 

reduce; to diminish. 
nlt-lifLtmef v, tr.; also n&-l&iuetgot: — 

to reinforce; to strengthen. 
"QjBl-l&fresco, V. tr.; also refresco (Sp.): — 

to refresh; to reinvigorate; to restore. 
nll-lagatbo, v. tr.: — to make more 

beautiful; to put on rouge; to adorn. 
n^-lago, V. tr.; also dirite: — to cook; to 

boil; to set upon the fire; to melt; to 

fuse; to dissolve. 
ii§.-lagusi, V. tr; also sugun: — to drive; 

to impel forward by force; to propel; to 

urge on. 
nS.-l§,l&, V. tr.: — to enliven; to animate. 
nS.'-lSla tMo, v. tr.: — to resuscitate. 
na-lalal6, v. tr.; also ag6dai; ma a,g6- 

dai: — to madden; to make mad or 

furious; to inflame; to excite; to fire 

with passion, 
nft-lamacat, v. tr.; also catgaye; case; 

aumenta; n4-bubo: — to aggravate; to 

intensify. 
ii§,-lam.ajgong, v. tr,: — to quiet; to re- 
lieve; to alleviate, 
na-lam.auleg^, v. tr.; also nk-ui&g&jet; 

apase: — to insure; to improve; to make 

good an assertion; to give- one credit; to 

bail, 
nSr-lamen, v. tr.; also gngoiS^', jo£l6: — to 

maltreat; to oppress; to beat; to wound; 

na-fanaadese: — to resent; to consider 

as an injury or affront. 
n&^lanien, adj.; also nS.'puti: — harmful; 

injurious. 
na-lainodu:fi|;, v. tr.: — to enlarge; to 

make deeper. 
ixfi,-iaolao, n.: — magnet; a magnetized 

needle. 
na-lateog", v. tr.: — to thicken. 
na.-latfena, v. i.; also lumamauleg; 

adeianta: — to improve; to prosper; to 

thrive. 
nlt-laulau, v. tr.:^to stagger; to cause to 

quake or to tremble. 
nS,-layag, v. tr.; also nabegat (Sp.): — to 

sail; to navigate. 
n^-lay6, v. tr.; also nS,-tenjoB: — to in- 
sult; to embitter; to incite; to stir up. 
na-libre, v. tr., v.i.: — to spare; to use in a 

frugal manner; to forgive; also satba; 

resoata: — to rescue; to liberate; to set 

free from danger, 
na-lifet, i'. tr.: — to smuggle; to import 

without paying customs duties (fatinas 

contrabando; na-tHyog sin aduana). 
nl,-iii, V. tr.; also written ndL-U^: — to show; 

to prove. 
n&-luto^ V. tr.; also luxnuto: — to put on 

mourning. 
n3.-ma3.gsOm, v. tr.: — to make eour. 

4502—18 14 



nd.^'mad.fiao, adj., adv.; also joznjom: — 
fearful; gruesome; horrible of aspect; 
inspiring gloom or horror. 

na-maA'flao^ v. Jr.; also f ftfi^giie; ami- 
nasa; jongang: — to dread; to fear 
greatly; to scare; to frighten; to stroke 
with sudden terror. 

n&^maltflao, adj., adv.; also tiilaye: — 
barbarous; cruel; terrible; fierce; awful; 
solemn. 

n^^maasd, adj.y adv.: — m i a e r a b 1 e; 
wretched; lamentable; pitiful. 

nama-atcos^ adj.: — ^arched. 

nam£L-atcos, adj.: — arched. 

nfir-ma-chalapun, v. tr.: — to stretch out; 
to spread out. 

nS>-niachatliS, v. tr.; also n4-despre- 
siao:— to bring into contempt. 

<n3.''machatUe, adj.: — liable of causing 
some one to be hated or disliked; 

nS,-mafnas, v. tr.; also funaa: — to de- 
stroy; to consume; to devour; to wipe 
out. 

n4-inag&, v. tr.; also apura: — to acceler- 
ate; to hurry on; to speed on. 

nk-m&g&jety v. tr.; also n^-magajet y 
sinan^an: — to make good an asser- 
tion. 

na-magajet, v. tr.: — to realize; to make 
real or actual. 

n^magof, adj., adv.; also agradahle; 
n&.''3onil6; pi.upau: — pleasant; delight- 
ful; agreeable; gladsome; joyous, gay; 
pleased; cheerful; delighted; merry; 
obliging; balmy. 

n&-niagof, v. tr.; also complase nS.- 
satisfecho; n&-exnpas: — to gladden; to 
delight; to give pleasure to; to gratify; 
to please; to- accommodate; to exhila- 
rate; to enliven; to satisfy; to gratify; 
to pay in full, 

na^'magof, n.; also minagof: — delight; 

enjoyment; joy. 
na-'raagong, n.: — veterinary; healer of 

diseases of domestic animals, 
nclmagong, v. tr.: — to heal; to quiet. 
nS.-maguag, v. tr.; also nH-ancho: — to 

widen; to expand. 
n8.-ui^g6, V. tr.: — to put to sleep, 
na-mdipe, v. tr. .—to heat; to warm. 
n&-majag3., v. i.: — to bleed. 
n%-mB.]go:S^j v. tr.: — to quiet; to heal, 
n^-majguef, v. tr.; also n^-yayas: — to 

tire out; to make tired. 
n3.-niajlos, v. tr.: — to emoothen; to 

polish. 
nS.>ma}fiao, n. tr,; also mijfLao; t&lo 

tate: — to recall; to call back; to 

revoke, 
n&malagd, adj., adv.: — charming; love- 
ly; agreeable; sweet, 
na-mam&jlao, v. tr.; also n&-bubu; 

nll-dsozi: — to swelter; to provoke. 
n&-inami.}lao, v. tr.; also Isligtte; in- 

sutta; ndr-xuam&jlao: — to injure; to 

insult; to affront. 



n&'mamajlan 



204 



n&^maniftjlau, adj.., adv.; also vmttm 

n&''mama jlao : — shameful . 
n&-m&fiafia, v. tr.: — to soften; to move 

the heart; to mollify, 
nil-manana, v. tr.; also n&^aseas; 
esplica (Sv.); puia,:— to make clear; 
to expound; to explain. 
n&-xna-n&ej v. tr.; also remite (Sp.): — to 

remit; to traneniit money. 
n&^'inftflaOf adj., adv.; also nd.''iiia&fiao: 

terrible; dreadful; awful; fearful. 
xi&''ni&£Lao, n.; aho xnina&fiao: — dread; 

fear; reverential awe. 
nft-mancha, v. tr.: — to fitain; to dese- 
crate. , 
nft-znaxunaUf v. tr.; also 3id^fi|^£ga; 
cajnaye: — to bewitch; to cast a spell 
over. 
n&''inanman, adj., also gatbo; nfi.''man- 
xnan:— Bubiime; awe-inspiring ; de- 
lightful; marvelous; exciting wonder; 
incredible, 
nft-manso, v. tr.: — to tame; to soothe; to 

calm, 
ixit-znapanas, v. tr.; also laapanaA: — to 
flatten; to lay flat; to make level or 
even. 
n&-xn&pao, v. tr.: — to cool off; to refresh. 
nft-xnasa, j. tr.; — to make ready; to pre- 
pare food in the beat possible way; to 
place into vinegar, 
n^'^masit, adj., adv.; also asqueroso 
(Sp.y, mfi. ciiatlil; ti ma guSiya:— 
nauseous; loathsome; odious; un- 
popular; offensive, 
n&mase na t&otao, 7?..;— pauper; a poor 

person, 
n^-matan lalald, v. i.: — to frown; to 

scowl. 
ni.-iEiatatn|^a, v. tr.; also anima: — to 

inspire; to encourage; to strengthen. 
ni-mattStsio, v. tr.; also mattrata; 
despresia; na-xnatt4tsio: — to abuse; 
to despise, 
nfi,-matung6, v. tr.: — to spread abroad; 
to diffuse; matufiig6; machal^jgufi,; 
machalapun, p. ;).:— divulged; dif- 
fused; spread abroad. 
n^-matuno gvd janum m&ipe pat 
xnantica, v. tr.: — to scald; to bum 
with hot liquid or steam. 
zi&-ixi€zxg^a, V. tr.; also n&-poble: — to 
impoverish; to make poor; to reduce 
to poverty, 
nft-xneton, v. tr.; also n&-fltme: — to 

fasten; to strengthen, 
n&metou, ac/;. .—strengthening. 
n&znoda, n.; also bfsio; ti-abniam: — 

fad; a pet idea; a passing fashion, 
n&xnonton, p. p.; also na-etnon; ma 
n&-e^tnon; m.a&moiitona:— amassed; 
hoarded; piled up; cumulated, 
nana, n.; also maore (*S'p.): — mother. 
n&na, adj.; also ti-&ano^; ma ndrnft: — 

latent; concealed; invisible. 
n&a&, V. tr.: — to hide something. 
n&-najo]^} v, tr.; also nft^guaja:— to 
supply; to furnish; to provide. 



n&- pare jo 

i;— to suffice; to be 



n^najonl, v. 

adequate, 
n&najuyung, n.;— creator. 
^n§.n&libre, n.; also sasatba; satbadot 

(/r. 5p.);— Savior, > v 

n&n&lo, n.; also debuetta; ninltlSlo: — 

restitution; compensation; amends, 
nim&lo, V. X.; also m&jflau; tmua.lo 

tate: — to return; to come back again 

to the same place or state. 
n&n&lo, V. tr. :-^to return; to restore; to 

make restitution, 
n&naio y finij6 ni y manjula; also 

reniinsia y ch&tjinen^gue: — ^to ab- 
jure; to recant upon solemn oath. 
nanlU.o y finijd, v. tr.; also deroga; 

rebuetbe; cansela:— to revoke; to 

countermand; to withdraw; to abolish; 

to dismiss. 
n&-fiafLd} V. tr.; also nft-foda: — to make 

dull. 
n&napo, v. i.:—to surge (ex., the waves); 

to roll or rise high. 
nanaso, n.: — ^local name for the fan 

flower. >. /^ \ 

nan&t&ilaye, n.; also criminat {Sp.):— 

malefactor; criminal, 
nanS, adj., adv.; also n&tata: — shallow; 

low; weak; superficial, 
nanga, v. tr., v. %.; also nan&^j 

anl^oco: — to hope; to expect; to await; 

to look for. 
nan|:ga, v. L: — to wait; to stay m 

expectation. 
nangO) i;. %.: — to swim, 
nano, n.;— dwarf; human being much 

below the average height; pigmy, 
na-nuebo, v. fr.;— to refit; to i:>repare 

n4oao or nS-uau, acf?.;— clear; trans- 
parent. _ 

na oda, adj.; also cansado; angio na 
oda; esterit; angl6; t&iniinauleg:— 
sterile; barren; producing little or no 
crop. ., , 

na-oda, V. tr.; also mayabug:— to soil; to 
dirty. . 

na6son, adj.; also mfmesteno; ga- 
piaito:— fussy ; making a fuss. 

napa, n.; also nipa:— local name for nypa 
fruticana; an interesting palm; grows 
at the mouth of every stream wh^e 
the water has become brackish; the 
stripped leaflets are used for thatching 
the better native houses of the island. 

na-para, v. i.; also fagpd:^to finish; to 
stop; to cease. _^ 

na-para, v. tr.; also estangca; presa; 
pdlonflaijon; bumaata; ch.aba; disa- 
tiende: — to stem; to dam; to check; to 
resist; to interrupt; to hold up; to delay; 
to snub; to treat with designed con- 
tempt; despensa; sotta; asii:~to 
waive; to give up a claim; to for^o. 
na pa^anflaijon, v. tr.; also canAi—to 

suspend; to delay. 
na-parejo, v. tr.; also na-aya:— to 
assimilate; to absorb. 



? 



ii4-payon 



205 



neses&rio 



n&-payon, v. tr.; also acostumbra 

(Sp.): — to accustom. 

n&-penite, v. tr.; also n&-triste; ii4- 
taiminag-of: — to sadden; to make sad. 

n&-petfectO} v. tr,: — to perfect; to 
complete. 

ii&-pmalala, v. i.; also "cuca: — to be 
agitated (by a violent passion). 

nd.-pimte, v. tr.: — to cause pain. 

nS.^'piiiiti, adj., adv.; also pinite; nfi,'- 
pinite: — pitiable; deservii^ pity. 

napo, n.: — wave; Buri; breakers. 

nS,-poble, v. tr.; also nd.-in€zigua: — to 
make poor; to impoverish; to reduce to 
poverty. 

nS,-puti, V, tr.; also f&tinas dafio: — to 
hurt; to do harm to. 

xi&-qu6raalg6, v. tr.: — to lull; to soothe 
to sleep. 

na-quSsifia; also empefta: — to endeavor; 
to trv; to take pains. 

nft-quuilog; v. tr.; also jila: — to spin. 

naaa, n.: — ^lobster trap. 

ni.-sajn^ue, v. tr.; also n&-fuera; nft- 
suja: — to exclude someone; to separate 
from others; to segregate. 

nSk-B&nOf V. tr.; also f&m&uleg^; remSdia 
(Sp.): — to remedy; to prepare; to put in 
order. 

n&-sS.onao, v. i.; also twS^6; compren- 
de (Sp.): — to underatand; to compre- 
hend. 

n§.-8egruro, v. tr.; also nft-fltme: — to 
strengthen; to insure; to make fast. 

B^-sdnbula, v. tr.: — to fill; to flood. 

2i3,^sifia, adj. J adv.: — mighty. 

nfi-sinayon, arf;., adv.: — feasible; practi- 
cable, 

nasl6ix, n.: — nation. 

n3.su ja, V. tr.; also ii.d.-jlinao: — to oust; to 
eject; to deduct; to take away. 

na-saja^ v. %.; also adin^o; separa:— to 
separate; to part; to go asunder. 

Ii^-suja gui saga, n.: — displacement; 
substitution. 

na-suja gui sagaiLa, v. tr.: — to displace; 
to put out of place; to depose from 
office. 

na-tiibale, v. tr,: — to annul; to make 
void; to abolish, 

na-taiguijejil, v. tr.; also renueba; nd, 
saga tSlo: — to restore; to bring back 
into its former strength; to renew; to 
reclaim. 

n&-t£lilaye) v. tr.; also fllbaba; yu- 
laag: — to falsify; to lead astray; to 
harm; to injure; to spoil; to ruin; to de- 
stroy; to despoil; to make base; to cor- 
rupt; to vitiate. 

n&'tailajre, orfj.; also camtem; daiLo' 
so: — mischievous. 

n&-taldane, v. i.: — to dine; to eat the 
midday meal (caii6 y niL-taldane). 

nft taldane, n.."— dinner; the chief meal 
of the day. 

Batas, n,: — scum; impurities on surface 
of boiling liquids; foam; mold; scurf; 
scab; crust. 



n&tata ua lug&t, n.;— ford; shallow part 

of a stream suitable for crossing. 
n&-tate, v. i.: — to hang back; to hesitate. 
n&-tatnoxX; v. tr.; also &&-xnagof; nft- 

manman.: — to delight; to please; to 

give pleasure to; to appease, 
natibo, adj.; jnafa&agon y znisnio 

tan6: — indigenous; native, 
lia ti tM&yey n.; nobiyo pat toro; 

guaca na ti f&faye: — bullock; steer. 
n&-to8ta, V. tr.; also S^adot; asao: — to 

roaet. 
n^L-triste, v. tr.: — to cause sorrow; to 

cause grief. 
nd.-tunaB, v, tr.; also afloja:— to unbend, 

to unharness; to relax. 
n&-tu:Sgd, v.tr.fV. i.; a2«o saugane; noti 

flea (Sp.y. — to inform; to apprise; to 

give information. 
n&''tung6, n.; also in&nogch&; cuenta; 

notisia (S^?-):— report; account; rela- 
tion; connection. 
nk-tujSi^dt V. tr.; also descubrej in- 

benta: — to reveal; to make plain or 

evident; to discover; to put forward; to 

disclose. 
Bil-tu:^d£i&iJon, v. tr.; also sanganezi 

patgon: — to insinuate; to suggest or 

hint indirectly. 
nd.-tunog, v. tr.; also alcalayS: — to lower; 

to let down, 
naturat, adj.; also pure; — natural; gen- 
uine, 
nauau, adj., adv.; also ix&oao: — transpsir- 

ent; capable of beii^ seen through; 

pellucid; clear (water). 
n^-yafai, v. tr.; also lS,chal: — to exhaust; 

to drain; to weaken; to enfeeble, 
n&yan, n.; also na^yan; yabe (Sp, 

llave): — ^key. 
n&yan, n.: — vessel; utensil for holding 

liquids. 
n&yau fachS, n.: — earthenware. 
n&yan-mSniS, n.; also bejiga: — bladder. 
xx&-yaBO^ v. tr.: — to level; to even. 
n4ye, v, tr,: — to pour; to pour in. 
nHye, v. tr.; also n&ye guato: — to 

append; to attach. 
nHye batsamo, v. tr.: — to embalm. 
ixl>-yoniog, V. tr,; also p6gsai: — to fatten; 

to make fat; to feed, 
neglo, n.: — darky; negro, 
negosiante, n.; also cometsiante: — 

merchant; trader; dealer. 
neg6sio,n.: — ^buidness; speculation, 
nexnpate, v. i.: — ^to splash; to dabble in 

the water, 
nena, adj.; also ma-gofli6:— beloved; 

dear, 
nencand, n.; also zxilala; sustento; 

nei^cand: — fare; provisions of a table; 

subsistence; maintenance; livelihood. 
nencand cabayo pat euaca: — fod- 
der; food for horses or cattle. 
nenej n.; also pinatgon; pago flnana> 

go: — ^infant; a young child; oaby. 
ZLeses&rio (Sp,). adj., adv.; also nese- 

sitao: — needful; necessary; essential. 



nesesid&d 



206 



nombra 



neaesid&d (5p.)> w.;— necessity; need. 

nesesita, v. tr.; aho pret^nde; g&gB,xi. 

OT g&gao: — to requite; to lay claim to. 
neBesitft, n.; neseBid&: — ^neea ; n e c e s - 

sity; urgent want, 
neseaitaoj adj.: — needy; impecunious; 

without money; poor, 
nesesitao, n.: — poor man. 
ndsio, adj.; also It'duco; ft'tamos:— 

imbecile; feeble-minded; idiotic, 
nl, rel. pron,: — which. 
nib§t, n.: — water gauge; hydrostatic 

balance. 
niebe, n.; — snow. 

ni^jjiega, adj.:— negative; denying; re- 
fusing, 
nieto, n..*~grandchild. 
zdfen, n.: — tooth. 
nigap) adi'.: — yesterday. 
nig-as, n.: — local name for the Pemphia 

acidula; a small tree growing on the 

shore; its wood is used for fuel, fence 

stakes, and walking sticks. 
nilache, n.: — ^breach; violation, 
nilamug, n,; also ivritten nilamog; also 

roinituiSg: — ^stench; strong offensive 

odor, 
nilanan, n.: — snore; a noisy breathing in 

sleep, 
zulayan, n.; also inetnon; reunidn: — 

reunion; a festive gathering of familiar 

friends or associates. 
nilibre, n.; also satbasi6n (/r, Sp.): — 

rescue; salvation. 
nili^, n.: — sight; act of seeing; power of 

vision. 
ninxano, adv.; cdso tay& nfi-e: — ^never; 

nowhere. 
nin^ a86, r. i.; also m&^i^ag; iimasd; 

imfi&agt^to sag; to sink down; to 

yield, 
zun&e, 71.: — gift; finaye; tiningd, n.: — 

gift of wisdom, 
ziinlLe, n.; aho agradesimiento; ina- 

gradese; gratiflca (aS/).):— gift; dona- 
tion; reward; recompense; gratitude; 

acknowledgment; thanks. 
ninHjaso, n.; also tuc&: — mention; hint; 

brief notice, 
ninajo^g, n.; also minagof; quinen- 

tento; ainatisfecho: — satisfaction; 

contentment; gratification, 
mn&juyujd^, n.: — creation; work, 
zun&juyu]^ Bala^d^ n.: — fund; money 

set apart Tor some object, 
ninftlibre, n.; also inasli; nirescata: — 

impunity; freedom from punishment, 

injury, or loss. 
nin&lo linaia., n., also num&lo ja&ne; 

linaia- taio; linaia y t&taotao t&lo:~ 

resurrection. 
nin&'^nianiajlau, n.: — shame. 
ninanv&uleg, n.; also inadelanta; si- 

nibe; finlzn&tileg: — improvement. 
uinanga, n.; also ninangga:— hope; an- 
ticipation; confidenc^e. 



ninas&j£|UG, n.; also inijd; inadaje:— 

saving; exclusion; omission.^ 
ninasajngue, v. tr.; also dineposlta: 

resetba (Sp.): — to reserve; to hold 

back; to keep in store. ^ 
ninasifia^ n.; also flnette; jinilat: — 

power; vigor; strength; force; ability; 

sway; dominion; authority, 
ninasifla, adj.: — proficient; thoroughly 

qualified or skilled, 
nlna tfiilaye, n.; — depravation; deterio- 
ration. ^ 

ninatiilaye. ii.; also lache; inechong:— 

wrong; fault; injury; injustice. 
ninatungo, n.; also notifi.casi6n; infot- 

masi6n (Sp.) : — information . 
ninaye un achaque: — he is overcome ]>y 

a fit. 
nifio (Sp.), 71.:— child (male); nifia 

child (female); also patgon (patgon 

laje pat patgon palduan). 
ninuebo (Sp.), n.; also guaja nobed&; 

nobedad: — novelty, 
nirebaja, n.; also dinesminuye: — ^re- 
duction; diminution, 
nirechasa^ n.; also chinaba; inopone; 

resistfinsia (Sj?.):— resistance; oppo- 
sition, 
nireconose, 7i.: — recognizance; avowal; 

acknowledgment, 
y niredondo, n.; also inatreded^t: — 

girth; circumference, 
nlrefresco, n.: — refreshment, 
niremite, n..*— remittance; a sum of 

money transmitted. 
nirenueba, n.; also ma na nuebufia: — 

renewal; renovation; revival. 
nirentinsia,n.:— renunciation ; disavowal; 

rejection. 
nirepara, n.; also espiasion (Sp.) gui- 

n§f atituye; inatituye:— reparation ; 

expiation; nirepara, n.: — remark. ^ 
nirepreaenta^ n,; also representasiSn 

(Sp.):— representation; exhibit; ap- 
pearance, 
ni uno^ n.: — nobody; no one. 
ni unOf pron.: — neither (ni, conj.: — nor, 

as in neither nor ). 

ni un tiempo (/r. Sp.), adv.; also nun- 

ca: — never; at no time. 
nobale, adj.: aho nulo: — void; not valid; 

not admis.sible. 
nobed&d, n.; also ninuebo; guaja no- 

beda: — novelty, 
nobenta, adv.: — ninety. 
n6bia, n.; also guaiyayon; y man gu&- 

iya: — sweetheart; lover; loved one. ' 
ndbia, n.: — ^bride. _ 
nobiembre, n.: — November. 
ndbio, n.: — lover; gallant; spendthrift; 

brideeroom. 
nobiyitb, n.; also torete:— steer; young 

mate ox. 
nombra^ r. tr.; also fanian; saiS^an; 
elije; ayeg: — to elect; to name; to 
appoint. 



J r 



I ^ 



I 



Bombrayon 



207 



finfia 



nombrayon, adj.: — eligible; legally qual- 
ified. 

nonag, n,: — ^local name for a tree, the 
jack-in-the-box; ita wood is very light 
and soft. 

nones, n.: — ^pair; odd (3, 5, 7, 9, etc.). 

nota, n.; also m repara; obsetbasidn 
(Sp.): — ^remark; obsen^atlon; comment. 

nota, n.; — note (in music). 

to notify; to give ngEg!ce[to make known. 

notisia, n.; also finaSila; notificasi6n 
(Sp.); nuebo: — notice; notification; 
report; news. > 

nu, conj.: — that; so that. 

nu, prep.; also entre: — through; with; of. 

nublado^ adj.; also jomjom iichazi: — 
cloudy. 

nuebe, adj.: — nine. 

nuebesientoB, adj.: — nine hundred. 

nuebo, adj.: — new; recent in origin. 

nuebo na pulan, n.: — new moon. 

nui% n.: — local name for a hideous toad- 
fish with poisonous dorsal spines; is of 
brownish color, with mottlings of dark 
brown; covered with warts, and its 
mouth is directed upward; is much 
dreaded by the natives. 



nujong, 



n. 



also grxuneng; sonibra 



(5jo.):— -shade; shady place; shadow. 
nulo^ adj.; also talbale; t&isetbe:- 
invalid; null and void. 



nuxn&lo, V. i.; also joml6: — to recover 

(from sickness); to revive; to recover 

life, 
numftlo, V. tr.: — to reetore to life; to 

reanimate, 
niuufilo, n.; also jinenald: — recovery; 

^•estoration to health, 
nunialon lalald, v. tr.;alsolala,tdB tftio; 

tum&lo lalal6; ope; opone: — to retort; 

to demur; to object. 
7 nom&xi&tungdf n.; also gotg^t; y 

manafi^a^ane : — ^informer ; approver, 
numaog, v. ir.; mumaog: — to outlive; to 

survive, 
numftsajngue, v. tr.; also manadaje; 

man recoje:-^to hoard; to collect and 

lay up. 
numerea, v. tr.; also tufong; — to count; 

to enumerate, 
ntunero, n.: — number; unit; numeral; 

symbol or word expressing a number, 
nunca, adv.; also ni un tiempo: — never; 

at no time, 
nupi, n.: — a climbing plant, the stems of 

which are used for lat hing together the 

framework of native liouses and sheds, 
ntttrat, adj.; also indiforente: — neutral; 

unbiased; indifferent. 
nutrimento, v. tr.; also nft-chocho: — to 
nmture; to nourish; to feed. 



I? 



-fla, suffix: — indicates possession; his, 
hers, etc. 

-^fia, suffix — (-fla que): — denotes compar- 
ative. 

fiab&7 adj., adv.; also flaujan; g&ma; 
niELnso; mSiiafia: — pliable; easily 
bent; flexible; soft; easily yielding to 
pressure. 

flaba, adj.; also flojo: — relaxed; flabby; 

soft; loose. 
tlacS.^ V. tr.; also cana: — to hang up; 

to suspend. 
iiajlalang, adj.;— light in weight. 
fiajlalaiS^ na min^igd, v. %.; also m&igd 

fiaijon: — to slumber; to sleep lightly; 

to doze, 

flalang, adj.: — ^hungry. 

fiama, odj.^ adv.: — helpless; unwieldy; 

awkward; clumsy, 
ftamo, n.: — mosquito. 

fiafignafi^, adj.: — talkative; entertain- 
ing. 

£la£^na^, n.;— mocker; scoffer; super- 
cilious person; arrogant man. 

fiango, n.; also caderas; lonio: — hip; 
haunch; loins. 

fLa^on^ V. tr., v. i.: — to whisper; to 
speak secretly. 



flafld, adj., adv.; also obtuse; t&ipunto; 
foda: — obtuse; dull. 

fiano, adj.; also nxajefo^^: — dull (with- 
out^ cutting edge or point). 

fia'^ng^ adj., adv.: — slow; lazy. 

fLating, v. i.; fLumatiiS^:— to lag; to 
move slowly; to loiter; to stay behind. 

fl&ujan, V. i.: — to waver; to stagger. 

ftejofij^, V. L: — to duck; to humble one's 
self^ 

flejong, V. i.: — to lie in ambush; to lurk; 
to duck; to humble one*s self. 

fLinalang, n.: — hunger. 

ftifiifia, n.; also iniga; nliii£La: — caress. 

filfiifia, n.; also minejmo; ga-man- 
uga: — flatterer. 

flo^og, V. tr., V. %.; also Itunus; 8U- 
pug: — to submerge (in water); to im- 
merse; matmoSy v. i.: — to drown. 

fiojmoh, adj., — ^wet; muddy; soft. 

fidild, V. tr.; also chinepchop; pinailotf 
lumos: — to merge; to absorb or swallow 
up. 

fiucot, V. tr: — to strangle; to choke; to 
throttle; to catch by the throat. 

fludo, V. tr.: — to button; to knot; also 
batunes : — ^button . 

aufia, V. ir.— to pet; to fondle; to flatter; 
to caress. 



Bombrayon 



207 



finfia 



nombrayon, adj.: — eligible; legally qual- 
ified. 

nonag, n,: — ^local name for a tree, the 
jack-in-the-box; ita wood is very light 
and soft. 

nones, n.: — ^pair; odd (3, 5, 7, 9, etc.). 

nota, n.; also m repara; obsetbasidn 
(Sp.): — ^remark; obsen^atlon; comment. 

nota, n.; — note (in music). 

to notify; to give ngEg!ce[to make known. 

notisia, n.; also finaSila; notificasi6n 
(Sp.); nuebo: — notice; notification; 
report; news. > 

nu, conj.: — that; so that. 

nu, prep.; also entre: — through; with; of. 

nublado^ adj.; also jomjom iichazi: — 
cloudy. 

nuebe, adj.: — nine. 

nuebesientoB, adj.: — nine hundred. 

nuebo, adj.: — new; recent in origin. 

nuebo na pulan, n.: — new moon. 

nui% n.: — local name for a hideous toad- 
fish with poisonous dorsal spines; is of 
brownish color, with mottlings of dark 
brown; covered with warts, and its 
mouth is directed upward; is much 
dreaded by the natives. 



nujong, 



n. 



also grxuneng; sonibra 



(5jo.):— -shade; shady place; shadow. 
nulo^ adj.; also talbale; t&isetbe:- 
invalid; null and void. 



nuxn&lo, V. i.; also joml6: — to recover 

(from sickness); to revive; to recover 

life, 
numftlo, V. tr.: — to reetore to life; to 

reanimate, 
niuufilo, n.; also jinenald: — recovery; 

^•estoration to health, 
nunialon lalald, v. tr.;alsolala,tdB tftio; 

tum&lo lalal6; ope; opone: — to retort; 

to demur; to object. 
7 nom&xi&tungdf n.; also gotg^t; y 

manafi^a^ane : — ^informer ; approver, 
numaog, v. ir.; mumaog: — to outlive; to 

survive, 
numftsajngue, v. tr.; also manadaje; 

man recoje:-^to hoard; to collect and 

lay up. 
numerea, v. tr.; also tufong; — to count; 

to enumerate, 
ntunero, n.: — number; unit; numeral; 

symbol or word expressing a number, 
nunca, adv.; also ni un tiempo: — never; 

at no time, 
nupi, n.: — a climbing plant, the stems of 

which are used for lat hing together the 

framework of native liouses and sheds, 
ntttrat, adj.; also indiforente: — neutral; 

unbiased; indifferent. 
nutrimento, v. tr.; also nft-chocho: — to 
nmture; to nourish; to feed. 



I? 



-fla, suffix: — indicates possession; his, 
hers, etc. 

-^fia, suffix — (-fla que): — denotes compar- 
ative. 

fiab&7 adj., adv.; also flaujan; g&ma; 
niELnso; mSiiafia: — pliable; easily 
bent; flexible; soft; easily yielding to 
pressure. 

flaba, adj.; also flojo: — relaxed; flabby; 

soft; loose. 
tlacS.^ V. tr.; also cana: — to hang up; 

to suspend. 
iiajlalang, adj.;— light in weight. 
fiajlalaiS^ na min^igd, v. %.; also m&igd 

fiaijon: — to slumber; to sleep lightly; 

to doze, 

flalang, adj.: — ^hungry. 

fiama, odj.^ adv.: — helpless; unwieldy; 

awkward; clumsy, 
ftamo, n.: — mosquito. 

fiafignafi^, adj.: — talkative; entertain- 
ing. 

£la£^na^, n.;— mocker; scoffer; super- 
cilious person; arrogant man. 

fiango, n.; also caderas; lonio: — hip; 
haunch; loins. 

fLa^on^ V. tr., v. i.: — to whisper; to 
speak secretly. 



flafld, adj., adv.; also obtuse; t&ipunto; 
foda: — obtuse; dull. 

fiano, adj.; also nxajefo^^: — dull (with- 
out^ cutting edge or point). 

fia'^ng^ adj., adv.: — slow; lazy. 

fLating, v. i.; fLumatiiS^:— to lag; to 
move slowly; to loiter; to stay behind. 

fl&ujan, V. i.: — to waver; to stagger. 

ftejofij^, V. L: — to duck; to humble one's 
self^ 

flejong, V. i.: — to lie in ambush; to lurk; 
to duck; to humble one*s self. 

fLinalang, n.: — hunger. 

ftifiifia, n.; also iniga; nliii£La: — caress. 

filfiifia, n.; also minejmo; ga-man- 
uga: — flatterer. 

flo^og, V. tr., V. %.; also Itunus; 8U- 
pug: — to submerge (in water); to im- 
merse; matmoSy v. i.: — to drown. 

fiojmoh, adj., — ^wet; muddy; soft. 

fidild, V. tr.; also chinepchop; pinailotf 
lumos: — to merge; to absorb or swallow 
up. 

fiucot, V. tr: — to strangle; to choke; to 
throttle; to catch by the throat. 

fludo, V. tr.: — to button; to knot; also 
batunes : — ^button . 

aufia, V. ir.— to pet; to fondle; to flatter; 
to caress. 



Bombrayon 



207 



finfia 



nombrayon, adj.: — eligible; legally qual- 
ified. 

nonag, n,: — ^local name for a tree, the 
jack-in-the-box; ita wood is very light 
and soft. 

nones, n.: — ^pair; odd (3, 5, 7, 9, etc.). 

nota, n.; also m repara; obsetbasidn 
(Sp.): — ^remark; obsen^atlon; comment. 

nota, n.; — note (in music). 

to notify; to give ngEg!ce[to make known. 

notisia, n.; also finaSila; notificasi6n 
(Sp.); nuebo: — notice; notification; 
report; news. > 

nu, conj.: — that; so that. 

nu, prep.; also entre: — through; with; of. 

nublado^ adj.; also jomjom iichazi: — 
cloudy. 

nuebe, adj.: — nine. 

nuebesientoB, adj.: — nine hundred. 

nuebo, adj.: — new; recent in origin. 

nuebo na pulan, n.: — new moon. 

nui% n.: — local name for a hideous toad- 
fish with poisonous dorsal spines; is of 
brownish color, with mottlings of dark 
brown; covered with warts, and its 
mouth is directed upward; is much 
dreaded by the natives. 



nujong, 



n. 



also grxuneng; sonibra 



(5jo.):— -shade; shady place; shadow. 
nulo^ adj.; also talbale; t&isetbe:- 
invalid; null and void. 



nuxn&lo, V. i.; also joml6: — to recover 

(from sickness); to revive; to recover 

life, 
numftlo, V. tr.: — to reetore to life; to 

reanimate, 
niuufilo, n.; also jinenald: — recovery; 

^•estoration to health, 
nunialon lalald, v. tr.;alsolala,tdB tftio; 

tum&lo lalal6; ope; opone: — to retort; 

to demur; to object. 
7 nom&xi&tungdf n.; also gotg^t; y 

manafi^a^ane : — ^informer ; approver, 
numaog, v. ir.; mumaog: — to outlive; to 

survive, 
numftsajngue, v. tr.; also manadaje; 

man recoje:-^to hoard; to collect and 

lay up. 
numerea, v. tr.; also tufong; — to count; 

to enumerate, 
ntunero, n.: — number; unit; numeral; 

symbol or word expressing a number, 
nunca, adv.; also ni un tiempo: — never; 

at no time, 
nupi, n.: — a climbing plant, the stems of 

which are used for lat hing together the 

framework of native liouses and sheds, 
ntttrat, adj.; also indiforente: — neutral; 

unbiased; indifferent. 
nutrimento, v. tr.; also nft-chocho: — to 
nmture; to nourish; to feed. 



I? 



-fla, suffix: — indicates possession; his, 
hers, etc. 

-^fia, suffix — (-fla que): — denotes compar- 
ative. 

fiab&7 adj., adv.; also flaujan; g&ma; 
niELnso; mSiiafia: — pliable; easily 
bent; flexible; soft; easily yielding to 
pressure. 

flaba, adj.; also flojo: — relaxed; flabby; 

soft; loose. 
tlacS.^ V. tr.; also cana: — to hang up; 

to suspend. 
iiajlalang, adj.;— light in weight. 
fiajlalaiS^ na min^igd, v. %.; also m&igd 

fiaijon: — to slumber; to sleep lightly; 

to doze, 

flalang, adj.: — ^hungry. 

fiama, odj.^ adv.: — helpless; unwieldy; 

awkward; clumsy, 
ftamo, n.: — mosquito. 

fiafignafi^, adj.: — talkative; entertain- 
ing. 

£la£^na^, n.;— mocker; scoffer; super- 
cilious person; arrogant man. 

fiango, n.; also caderas; lonio: — hip; 
haunch; loins. 

fLa^on^ V. tr., v. i.: — to whisper; to 
speak secretly. 



flafld, adj., adv.; also obtuse; t&ipunto; 
foda: — obtuse; dull. 

fiano, adj.; also nxajefo^^: — dull (with- 
out^ cutting edge or point). 

fia'^ng^ adj., adv.: — slow; lazy. 

fLating, v. i.; fLumatiiS^:— to lag; to 
move slowly; to loiter; to stay behind. 

fl&ujan, V. i.: — to waver; to stagger. 

ftejofij^, V. L: — to duck; to humble one's 
self^ 

flejong, V. i.: — to lie in ambush; to lurk; 
to duck; to humble one*s self. 

fLinalang, n.: — hunger. 

ftifiifia, n.; also iniga; nliii£La: — caress. 

filfiifia, n.; also minejmo; ga-man- 
uga: — flatterer. 

flo^og, V. tr., V. %.; also Itunus; 8U- 
pug: — to submerge (in water); to im- 
merse; matmoSy v. i.: — to drown. 

fiojmoh, adj., — ^wet; muddy; soft. 

fidild, V. tr.; also chinepchop; pinailotf 
lumos: — to merge; to absorb or swallow 
up. 

fiucot, V. tr: — to strangle; to choke; to 
throttle; to catch by the throat. 

fludo, V. tr.: — to button; to knot; also 
batunes : — ^button . 

aufia, V. ir.— to pet; to fondle; to flatter; 
to caress. 



ngUian? 



208 



oriyan 



%. 



figMan? adv.;— when? (desde fij^fiiaaP— 

since when?) 
ngki&TL, conj.; aho giiin; guizxja; ya- 

guin; an nae; Imae; an nai; &nai; 

masea ngUiaxi: — when; whenever. 
r^jgajk, v.-i.: — to raise th^ eyea. 
jSgS,^^, adj.: — nnattentive. 
iig4&g:ao, 71.;— fence surrounding a field; 

nkye n|;&n|fao: — make a fence. 
n|:an|^a3, i". tr.: — to chew. 



^otS^ot, V. i.: — ^to blow the nose. 
^^ogn^ogj V, i.: — ^to snuffle; to speak 

through the noBe. 
langotngot, adj., adv.; also afagao; 

loBUs: — hoarse. 
£gueld, II. i.: — to peep througli a hole or a 

crack. 
fi^uld, 71.; also atbettura (Sp.); madog; 

binatoa:— hole; aperture; opening; 

crack; ng^uld chftca:— rat hole. 



o. 



obejas, n.: — ^sheep. 

Obispo, 71.; — ^bishop. 

obliga, V. f.r.; a7so impone (Sp.):— to lay 

on; to apply; to impose, 
obligao {Sp.)y adj., adv.; also luetsao:— 
compulsory; involuntary; obliged; 

under obligation, 
obligasidn, 7i.;—bond; obligation, 
obra de carid&d (/r. Sp.)y n.;— work ot 

love. 
obtuBO, adj., adv.; also t&ipunta; foda; 

gaiid: — obtuse; dull. 
ocasi6n (Sp.), n.; also opottunidfi-d; 

giUugat:— occasion; opportunity, 
oclienta, arfj.;— eighty, 
ocho, Gcy.:~eight. 
6codo, 71.; also laflaf; trampas:— trap; 

sling; ruse. 
ocodon ch&ca, ti.; — rat trap, 
ocsidente {Sp.), n.;— the Occident- the 

West; the countries west of Asia and the 

Turkish dominions, 
octubre, ti.; — October. 
ocupa, r. ti\; also salguane; sagaye; 

3ia--g&ich§ch6; na-chat»aga; tan^:— 

to take possession. 
ocupante {Sp.'), n.; aho sumaga- 

gaye: —occupant; one who has posses- 
sion. 
ocupaaiSn {-'^p.), n.; alsotm&ne: voca- 
tion; calling; occupation, 
odi,, n.; also edi.; tand:— ground; land; 

e.'.tate. , , 

oda, adj.; also iyon y edi:— earthly; 

worldly. ,. , 

oda fachS, 71.; also taqu6:— dirt; mud; 

odH yan matiteg, adj.; also miserable 

(.S/>.):— shabby; threadbare; mean in 

appearance; miserable. 
6dio, 71.; also chinatlit:— spite; ill will 

or hatred toward another. 
fifaisen, v. i.; also quetim&6:— to seek 

information, . 

ofend© {Sp.)y v. It.; also n&-al6; is&gUe; 

afia; na.-ch&teaga:— to offend; to in- 

pult; to outrage; to affront, 
oftsi&t, adj., adv.: also puWico; em- 

pleao publico (fr. ;5'p.):--ofncial. 
ofisio, n.; ai^opecft; empleo:— office, 
ofrese, v. tr.; also combida; soyO; 

j^ijo; — to bid; to make an offer ox. 



6g&aii, 71.; also 

light; dawn. 
ogan, adj. , adv 



xxxanana: — morning ; 
also dochon gui 



tan6:~aground; stranded (ship) 

ogan^ V. i.; also gane: — to strand; to 

run aground; to go ashore; to get stalled. 

ogsfi, n.; aZso sabana; monte {Sp.):~ 

mountain, 
ojalatero, n.: — plumber. 
ojalea, n.: — buttonhole. 
ojaa, 71.; also jagon: — ^leaf. 
dmag, I', tr., v. %.; also masupog:— to 

bathe. 
dnaag riegadera, n.: — shower bath, 
omlat, V. tr.:— to contain; to hold 

within. 
6£gtiingud, V. tr.: — to scent; to get a 

scent, 
onse, adv.: — eleven. 
6pagat, adj.: — crosswise; athwart. 
opan, n.: — echo; repetition of sound 

caused by reflection. 
ope, V. tr.; also responde {Sp.):— to re- 
spond; to answer; to reply, 
operasidn {Sp.): — operation, 
dpio, n.: — opium. 

opon-e, V. tr., v. i.; also aguaguate; ti 
malagCLe: — to disagree; to contradict; 
to dispute. . -. - r. ^.* 

op6pone, adj., adv.; also cnacnaba; 
rechichasa:— resisting; refractory; op- 
posing. .. . , 
opoBisi6n {Sp.), n.; also tmunalagd:— 

objection; opposition; adverse reason, 
opottunid&d {Sp.), ti. ."Opportunity 

convenient time or occasion, 
opottuno {Sp.), adj.; also contiempo: — 

opportune; well-timed; seasonable, 
oprime, v. tr.; also catgaye; chiguet; 
gachS.; jofl6:— to oppress; to repress; to 
keep down; to stifle; to subdue, 
ora {Sp.), 71.:— hour, 
orasidn {Sp.); also chinchiilft; cuentoa; 
discutao:— -oration; a formal public 
speech; discourse. 
oiiente, n.; — Orient, 
oriya, n.; also canto; chin; Umite: — 
border; end; limit; utmost extent; a 
border or boundary, 
oriyan, adv.; also fion; gui flon; can- 
ton:— beside; in the proximity of; 
near to. 



ngUian? 



208 



oriyan 



%. 



figMan? adv.;— when? (desde fij^fiiaaP— 

since when?) 
ngki&TL, conj.; aho giiin; guizxja; ya- 

guin; an nae; Imae; an nai; &nai; 

masea ngUiaxi: — when; whenever. 
r^jgajk, v.-i.: — to raise th^ eyea. 
jSgS,^^, adj.: — nnattentive. 
iig4&g:ao, 71.;— fence surrounding a field; 

nkye n|;&n|fao: — make a fence. 
n|:an|^a3, i". tr.: — to chew. 



^otS^ot, V. i.: — ^to blow the nose. 
^^ogn^ogj V, i.: — ^to snuffle; to speak 

through the noBe. 
langotngot, adj., adv.; also afagao; 

loBUs: — hoarse. 
£gueld, II. i.: — to peep througli a hole or a 

crack. 
fi^uld, 71.; also atbettura (Sp.); madog; 

binatoa:— hole; aperture; opening; 

crack; ng^uld chftca:— rat hole. 



o. 



obejas, n.: — ^sheep. 

Obispo, 71.; — ^bishop. 

obliga, V. f.r.; a7so impone (Sp.):— to lay 

on; to apply; to impose, 
obligao {Sp.)y adj., adv.; also luetsao:— 
compulsory; involuntary; obliged; 

under obligation, 
obligasidn, 7i.;—bond; obligation, 
obra de carid&d (/r. Sp.)y n.;— work ot 

love. 
obtuBO, adj., adv.; also t&ipunta; foda; 

gaiid: — obtuse; dull. 
ocasi6n (Sp.), n.; also opottunidfi-d; 

giUugat:— occasion; opportunity, 
oclienta, arfj.;— eighty, 
ocho, Gcy.:~eight. 
6codo, 71.; also laflaf; trampas:— trap; 

sling; ruse. 
ocodon ch&ca, ti.; — rat trap, 
ocsidente {Sp.), n.;— the Occident- the 

West; the countries west of Asia and the 

Turkish dominions, 
octubre, ti.; — October. 
ocupa, r. ti\; also salguane; sagaye; 

3ia--g&ich§ch6; na-chat»aga; tan^:— 

to take possession. 
ocupante {Sp.'), n.; aho sumaga- 

gaye: —occupant; one who has posses- 
sion. 
ocupaaiSn {-'^p.), n.; alsotm&ne: voca- 
tion; calling; occupation, 
odi,, n.; also edi.; tand:— ground; land; 

e.'.tate. , , 

oda, adj.; also iyon y edi:— earthly; 

worldly. ,. , 

oda fachS, 71.; also taqu6:— dirt; mud; 

odH yan matiteg, adj.; also miserable 

(.S/>.):— shabby; threadbare; mean in 

appearance; miserable. 
6dio, 71.; also chinatlit:— spite; ill will 

or hatred toward another. 
fifaisen, v. i.; also quetim&6:— to seek 

information, . 

ofend© {Sp.)y v. It.; also n&-al6; is&gUe; 

afia; na.-ch&teaga:— to offend; to in- 

pult; to outrage; to affront, 
oftsi&t, adj., adv.: also puWico; em- 

pleao publico (fr. ;5'p.):--ofncial. 
ofisio, n.; ai^opecft; empleo:— office, 
ofrese, v. tr.; also combida; soyO; 

j^ijo; — to bid; to make an offer ox. 



6g&aii, 71.; also 

light; dawn. 
ogan, adj. , adv 



xxxanana: — morning ; 
also dochon gui 



tan6:~aground; stranded (ship) 

ogan^ V. i.; also gane: — to strand; to 

run aground; to go ashore; to get stalled. 

ogsfi, n.; aZso sabana; monte {Sp.):~ 

mountain, 
ojalatero, n.: — plumber. 
ojalea, n.: — buttonhole. 
ojaa, 71.; also jagon: — ^leaf. 
dmag, I', tr., v. %.; also masupog:— to 

bathe. 
dnaag riegadera, n.: — shower bath, 
omlat, V. tr.:— to contain; to hold 

within. 
6£gtiingud, V. tr.: — to scent; to get a 

scent, 
onse, adv.: — eleven. 
6pagat, adj.: — crosswise; athwart. 
opan, n.: — echo; repetition of sound 

caused by reflection. 
ope, V. tr.; also responde {Sp.):— to re- 
spond; to answer; to reply, 
operasidn {Sp.): — operation, 
dpio, n.: — opium. 

opon-e, V. tr., v. i.; also aguaguate; ti 
malagCLe: — to disagree; to contradict; 
to dispute. . -. - r. ^.* 

op6pone, adj., adv.; also cnacnaba; 
rechichasa:— resisting; refractory; op- 
posing. .. . , 
opoBisi6n {Sp.), n.; also tmunalagd:— 

objection; opposition; adverse reason, 
opottunid&d {Sp.), ti. ."Opportunity 

convenient time or occasion, 
opottuno {Sp.), adj.; also contiempo: — 

opportune; well-timed; seasonable, 
oprime, v. tr.; also catgaye; chiguet; 
gachS.; jofl6:— to oppress; to repress; to 
keep down; to stifle; to subdue, 
ora {Sp.), 71.:— hour, 
orasidn {Sp.); also chinchiilft; cuentoa; 
discutao:— -oration; a formal public 
speech; discourse. 
oiiente, n.; — Orient, 
oriya, n.; also canto; chin; Umite: — 
border; end; limit; utmost extent; a 
border or boundary, 
oriyan, adv.; also fion; gui flon; can- 
ton:— beside; in the proximity of; 
near to. 



oriyan tasi 



209 



paladan 



oriyan tasi, n.; also Inae or (nai: — 

ehore; the coast or land adjacent to the 

sea; beach; seashore, 
oriyaye, v, tr.; also engataa; lelicile: — 

to border; to encompaea; to inclose; to 

bound ^a field); to surround; to inclose 

on all sides. 
ore (Sp.),n.:— gold. 
osgon, adj.; also obedieute (Sp.); con- 

fotme M y otden y otro: — amenable; 

easjr to lead; submissive; obedient; 

dutiful, 
oa^e, V. %.; also jofi|:jgTie; p61o:— to 

listen to; to obey; to yield; to submit, 
osila, V. tr., v. %.: — to oscillate; to swii^ 

backward and forward; to vibrate, 
osiosid&d, n.; also gvdna.g6; tln^bida; 

tinfiich^chd: — ^idleness. 
osloso, n.; also dlnescansa: — leisure; 

ease; freedom from occupation, 
osioso, adj.: — at leisure. 
oso, n,: — ^bear, 

dson, adj., adv.: — weary; tired; surfeited. 
ospitUt, n,: — ^hospital, 
dtadnon, v. %.: — to ramble; to wander or 

rove about. 



otden, n.: — order* command. 

otdeaa, v. tr.; also decreta (Sp.):— to 

ordain; to decree; to direct, 
otdixi&rio, adj.; also costuzabxe {Sp.): — 

ordinary; usual; customary, 
otdin&rio, adj.; also costumbre (/r. 

Sp.): — ordinary; usual; customary. 
otdinSxio na t&otao, n.: — common 

people; plebeians, 
otdin&zio na-t&otao, n,: — common peo- 
ple; plebeians, 
otdon, n.: — prickly heat. 
otdot, n.; — ant. 
otgpuyoBo, adj., adv.: — proud. 
otquesta, n.;— orchestra; a body of 

musicians, 
otra saanera, conj.; also sin6; de otro 

mode (/r. Sp.): — otherwise; else, 
otro (Sp.), adj.; also projimo; oriya; 

fion: — next; another; diferente; con- 

tr&rio: — other; different; contrary, 
y otro banda, adv.; also sanliyo^: — 

beyond; on the farther side of. 
ottoerafia, n.: — orthography; art of 

spelling and writing words correctly. 



P. 



pabo, n.;— turkey. 

pacacS. I inter?. ; — ^hush! be still! silence! 

p&cac&, V. %.; also famatq^uilo: — to be 

silent, 
pacha, u.fr.; alsoBte] ytuna: — to touch; 

to perceive by feeling. 
pacha, n.: — touch, 
pachacate, adj.; also 6togo: — small in 

growth. 
pacha^, adj., adv.; also deUcao (Sp.): — 

tender, 
paehot, n.: — mouth, 
pachucha^, adj., adv.; also dudus; 

bonita; gatbo: — neat; nice (speaking 

of girls); beautiful; handsome. 
pad4, V. tr.; also patzuada: — to slap or 

box someone's ears, 
padag^dag, 71.; alsomand&gvie) dague; 

dinague: — lie; deceit; demal. 
padit (or padet), n.; also luga: — ^wall. 
padiiguiyos, v. tr.; also cadena: — to 

fetter; to chain. 
pagad6t, n.: — paymaster, 
pagano, n.; — heathen; pagan, 
pagat, u. i,: also aconseja; — to counsel; 

to advise; to assist; to give advice; to 

preach, 
pag^as, V. tr.: — to cut; to split, 
pagngaa, v. tr.; also dibide (Sp.); 

patte; deaapatta: — to divide; to sepa- 
rate; to cut into parts. 
p&go, adv.: — now; at the present time; 

quite recently; to-day. 
page finafLago, n.; also pinatgon: — ■ 

infancy; early childhood. 
p&go fLnafiiago, n.; also nene; pinat- 
gon: — infant; a young diild. 
pa^gogoja, adj., adv.; also flo: — ^actual. 



' p&go manana, n.; — daybreak; morning 
twilight; dawn; the first appearance oi 
light in the morning. 

p&go yan ayo, adv.; also cada un rato 
palo tiempo {Sp.):~-now and then; 
once in awhile; sometimes, 

pagpag, n.; also mam&bejiga:— blis- 
ter. 

pagpag, V. i.; also tagtag or catcat: — to 
smack with the tongue. 

pagyo, n.; also chat&an; pagyo; ch&t- 
jauie: — storm. 

pagyo, n,: — typhoon. 

p&ine, n.; — comb , 

p&inen basula, n.: — rake. 

pairasto, n,: — stepfather. 

pais, n.; also comatca; besino: — 
neighborhood; region; tract of country, 

paja, n.; also cafLa: — stalk; straw. 

pajaron u oriyan tasi: — gull; sea-gull. 

pajon, n.; also pajo^: — ^local name for 
the knob-fruited screw-pine; the leaves, 
after having been made flexible by 
heat, are woven into coarse mats; the 
latter are inferior to those made of 
affgag; they are also used for binding 
together the uprights of the fish traps 
(gigau; nasa), 

pala, n.: — shovel; spade. 

palabra nl honrao, n.: — parole^ word of 
honor (especially, given oy prisoners of • 
war). 

palach&, n.; also trampoao; chegld; 
f&t&baba: — swindler; rogue. 

p&ladad, n,: — palate; the roof of the 
mouth ; gums. 

paladan, n.; also in-maaftan; piliau: — 
scar; wound mark; wheal. 



oriyan tasi 



209 



paladan 



oriyan tasi, n.; also Inae or (nai: — 

ehore; the coast or land adjacent to the 

sea; beach; seashore, 
oriyaye, v, tr.; also engataa; lelicile: — 

to border; to encompaea; to inclose; to 

bound ^a field); to surround; to inclose 

on all sides. 
ore (Sp.),n.:— gold. 
osgon, adj.; also obedieute (Sp.); con- 

fotme M y otden y otro: — amenable; 

easjr to lead; submissive; obedient; 

dutiful, 
oa^e, V. %.; also jofi|:jgTie; p61o:— to 

listen to; to obey; to yield; to submit, 
osila, V. tr., v. %.: — to oscillate; to swii^ 

backward and forward; to vibrate, 
osiosid&d, n.; also gvdna.g6; tln^bida; 

tinfiich^chd: — ^idleness. 
osloso, n.; also dlnescansa: — leisure; 

ease; freedom from occupation, 
osioso, adj.: — at leisure. 
oso, n,: — ^bear, 

dson, adj., adv.: — weary; tired; surfeited. 
ospitUt, n,: — ^hospital, 
dtadnon, v. %.: — to ramble; to wander or 

rove about. 



otden, n.: — order* command. 

otdeaa, v. tr.; also decreta (Sp.):— to 

ordain; to decree; to direct, 
otdixi&rio, adj.; also costuzabxe {Sp.): — 

ordinary; usual; customary, 
otdin&rio, adj.; also costumbre (/r. 

Sp.): — ordinary; usual; customary. 
otdinSxio na t&otao, n.: — common 

people; plebeians, 
otdin&zio na-t&otao, n,: — common peo- 
ple; plebeians, 
otdon, n.: — prickly heat. 
otdot, n.; — ant. 
otgpuyoBo, adj., adv.: — proud. 
otquesta, n.;— orchestra; a body of 

musicians, 
otra saanera, conj.; also sin6; de otro 

mode (/r. Sp.): — otherwise; else, 
otro (Sp.), adj.; also projimo; oriya; 

fion: — next; another; diferente; con- 

tr&rio: — other; different; contrary, 
y otro banda, adv.; also sanliyo^: — 

beyond; on the farther side of. 
ottoerafia, n.: — orthography; art of 

spelling and writing words correctly. 



P. 



pabo, n.;— turkey. 

pacacS. I inter?. ; — ^hush! be still! silence! 

p&cac&, V. %.; also famatq^uilo: — to be 

silent, 
pacha, u.fr.; alsoBte] ytuna: — to touch; 

to perceive by feeling. 
pacha, n.: — touch, 
pachacate, adj.; also 6togo: — small in 

growth. 
pacha^, adj., adv.; also deUcao (Sp.): — 

tender, 
paehot, n.: — mouth, 
pachucha^, adj., adv.; also dudus; 

bonita; gatbo: — neat; nice (speaking 

of girls); beautiful; handsome. 
pad4, V. tr.; also patzuada: — to slap or 

box someone's ears, 
padag^dag, 71.; alsomand&gvie) dague; 

dinague: — lie; deceit; demal. 
padit (or padet), n.; also luga: